Objectives. Introduction. Classful IP Addressing. IPv4 Classful Addressing Structure (RFC 790)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Objectives. Introduction. Classful IP Addressing. IPv4 Classful Addressing Structure (RFC 790)"

Transcription

1 1 Objectives VLSM and CIDR Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapters 6 and 7 Compare and contrast classful and classless IP addressing. Review VLSM and explain the benefits of classless IP addressing. Describe the role of the Classless Inter- Domain Routing (CIDR) standard in making efficient use of scarce IPv4 addresses 2 Introduction Prior to 1981, IP addresses used only the first 8 bits to specify the network portion of the address In 1981, RFC 791 modified the IPv4 32-bit address to allow for three different classes IP address space was depleting rapidly In 1993 Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) CIDR uses Variable Length Subnet Masking (VLSM) to help conserve address space. VLSM is simply subnetting a subnet 3 As of January 2007, there are over 433 million hosts on Internet Initiatives to conserve IPv4 address space include: -VLSM & CIDR notation (1993, RFC 1519) -Network Address Translation (1994, RFC 1631) -Private Addressing (1996, RFC 1918) 4 IPv4 Classful Addressing Structure (RFC 790) Classful IP Addressing An IP address has 2 parts: The network portion Found on the left side of an IP address The host portion Found on the right side of an IP address The High Order Bits are the leftmost bits in a 32 bit address 5 Class A addresses = to Class B addresses = to Class C addresses = to

2 Classful IP Addressing Classful IP Subnetting 7 Purpose of a subnet mask It is used to determine the network portion of an IP address Classful routing updates do not include subnet masks Receiving router must assume the mask: - If the advertised network is part of the same major network as the interface it arrives on, use the same subnet mask as the interface - Else use the default mask for the class 8 is a Classful Routing Protocol Rules for Classful Subnetting A major network is subnetted using a single subnet mask so that all of its subnets are the same size The subnets of a major network must be contiguous Example: / / / Classless IP Addressing Classless Inter-domain Routing (CIDR RFC 1517) Advantages of CIDR More efficient use of IPv4 address space Route summarization smaller routing tables Requires subnet mask to be included in the routing updates because address class is meaningless Recall purpose of subnet mask To determine the network and host portion of an IP address 11 CIDR & Route Summarization CIDR allows for routes to be summarized as a single route 12

3 CIDR & Route Summarization Route Summarization is also called Prefix Aggregation / / / /21 Classless Routing Protocol Characteristics of classless routing protocols: - Routing updates include the subnet mask - Supports VLSM - Supports Route Summarization /20 route is / / / / / / /16 Steps to calculate a route summary List networks in binary format Count number of left most matching bits to determine summary route s mask Copy the matching bits and add zero bits to determine the summarized network address /13 Lab 6.4.1: Basic VLSM Addressing Scheme Lab 6.4.4: Basic Route Summarization 17 18

4 Routing Protocols To use CIDR, VLSM, discontiguous subnets You cannot run a classful routing protocol, which means you cannot run or IGRP All other routing protocols covered on this course are classless routing protocols, i.e.:, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, BGP We now look at 19 Difference between & A classful distance vector routing protocol Does not support discontiguous subnets Does not support VLSM Does not send subnet mask in routing update Routing updates are broadcast Automatically summarizes routes at class boundary (this cannot be disabled) is the default 20 Difference between & A classless distance vector routing protocol that is an enhancement of s features. Subnet mask and next hop address is included in updates Routing updates are multicast (uses less bandwidth) Automatic summarization of routes can be disabled The use of authentication is an option 21 Similarities between & Use of hold-down timers to prevent routing loops Use of split horizon or split horizon with poison reverse Use of triggered updates Hop count used as metric Maximum hop count of 15 Both do automatic summarization of routes at the class boundary by default 22 Comparing & Message Formats Message format is similar to but includes subnet mask and next hop address fields A configured router will: Accept updates from routers but will not recognize the subnet mask information Will only send updates 23 24

5 Lab Basic Configuration 25 Lab Basic Configuration Configure the 3 routers using Do this by pasting in the prepared configuration files Observe the problem on R2 due to discontiguous subnets of int fa0/0 ip address int s0/0 ip address int s0/1 ip address clock rate router rip passive-interface fa0/0 network network Lab Basic Configuration of and To solve the problem Configure Disable autosummary int fa0/0 ip address int s0/0 ip address int s0/1 ip address clock rate router rip version 2 no auto-summary passive-interface fa0/0 network network Routing Protocol Distance Vector Classless Routing Protocol Uses Hold- Down Timers Use of Split Horizon or Split Horizon w/ Poison Reverse Max Hop count = 15 Auto (by default) Support CIDR Supports VLSM Uses Authentication Classful IP addressing IPv4 addresses have 2 parts: Network & Host Class A, B, & C addresses were designed to provide IP addresses for different sized organizations The class of an IP address is determined by the decimal value found in the 1 st octet IP addresses are running out so the use of Classless Inter Domain Routing (CIDR) and Variable Length Subnet Mask (VLSM) are used to try and conserve address space Classful Routing Updates Subnet masks are not sent in routing updates Benefits of classless IP addressing Can create additional network addresses using a subnet mask that fits your needs Uses Classless Interdomain Routing (CIDR) 29 30

VLSM and CIDR Malin Bornhager Halmstad University

VLSM and CIDR Malin Bornhager Halmstad University VLSM and CIDR Malin Bornhager Halmstad University Session Number 2002, Svenska-CNAP Halmstad University 1 Objectives Classless routing VLSM Example of a VLSM calculation 2 Classless routing CIDR (Classless

More information

IP Addressing and Routing

IP Addressing and Routing IP Addressing and Routing 1 Basic IP Addressing Each host connected to the Internet is identified by a unique IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit quantity. Expressed as a dotted-decimal notation W.X.Y.Z.

More information

Advanced IP Addressing

Advanced IP Addressing Advanced IP Addressing CS-765 A Aspects Of Systems Administration Spring-2005 Instructure: Jan Schauman Stevens Institute Of Technology, NJ. Prepared By: Modh, Jay A. M.S. NIS SID: 999-14-0352 Date: 05/02/2005

More information

Distance Vector Routing Protocols. Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh

Distance Vector Routing Protocols. Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh Distance Vector Routing Protocols Routing Protocols and Concepts Ola Lundh Objectives The characteristics of distance vector routing protocols. The network discovery process of distance vector routing

More information

ITRI CCL. IP Routing Primer. Paul C. Huang, Ph.D. ITRI / CCL / N300. CCL/N300; Paul Huang 1999/6/2 1

ITRI CCL. IP Routing Primer. Paul C. Huang, Ph.D. ITRI / CCL / N300. CCL/N300; Paul Huang 1999/6/2 1 IP Routing Primer Paul C. Huang, Ph.D. ITRI / / N300 /N300; Paul Huang 1999/6/2 1 Basic Addressing / Subnetting Class A 0 Network Host Host Host 127 networks / 16,777,216 hosts Class A natural mask 255.0.0.0

More information

Administrative Distance

Administrative Distance RIP is a distance vector routing protocol. It shares routing information through the local broadcast in every 30 seconds. In this tutorial we will explain RIP routing fundamentals with examples such as

More information

Introduction. Internet Address Depletion and CIDR. Introduction. Introduction

Introduction. Internet Address Depletion and CIDR. Introduction. Introduction Introduction Internet Address Depletion and A subnet is a subset of class A, B, or C networks IP addresses are formed of a network and host portions network mask used to separate the information Introduction

More information

Table of Contents. Cisco IP Addressing and Subnetting for New Users

Table of Contents. Cisco IP Addressing and Subnetting for New Users Table of Contents IP Addressing and Subnetting for New Users...1 Introduction...1 Before You Begin...1 Conventions...1 Prerequisites...1 Components Used...1 Additional Information...1 Understanding IP

More information

ICS 351: Today's plan

ICS 351: Today's plan ICS 351: Today's plan Quiz, on overall Internet function, linux and IOS commands, network monitoring, protocols IPv4 addresses: network part and host part address masks IP interface configuration IPv6

More information

Networking Basics. Version: 447. Copyright 2007-2010 ImageStream Internet Solutions, Inc., All rights Reserved.

Networking Basics. Version: 447. Copyright 2007-2010 ImageStream Internet Solutions, Inc., All rights Reserved. Version: 447 Copyright 2007-2010 ImageStream Internet Solutions, Inc., All rights Reserved. Table of Contents Networking Basics...1 Networking Basics...1 Introduction...1 Network Addressing...1 IP Addressing...1

More information

Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2

Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 Course Number: ICND2 Length: 5 Day(s) Certification Exam This course will help you prepare for the following exam: 640 816: ICND2 Course Overview This course

More information

http://computernetworkingnotes.com/ccna-study-guide/basic-of-network-addressing.html

http://computernetworkingnotes.com/ccna-study-guide/basic-of-network-addressing.html Subnetting is a process of dividing large network into the smaller networks based on layer 3 IP address. Every computer on network has an IP address that represent its location on network. Two version

More information

IP Subnetting and Addressing

IP Subnetting and Addressing Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur IP Subnetting and Addressing Prof Indranil Sengupta Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Lecture 6: IP Subnetting and Addressing

More information

640-816: Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 v1.1

640-816: Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 v1.1 640-816: Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 v1.1 Course Introduction Course Introduction Chapter 01 - Small Network Implementation Introducing the Review Lab Cisco IOS User Interface Functions

More information

Cisco CCNP 642 901 Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT)

Cisco CCNP 642 901 Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT) Cisco CCNP 642 901 Optimizing Converged Cisco Networks (ONT) Course Number: 642 901 Length: 5 Day(s) Certification Exam This course will help you prepare for the following exams: Cisco CCNP Exam 642 901:

More information

Internet Addresses (You should read Chapter 4 in Forouzan)

Internet Addresses (You should read Chapter 4 in Forouzan) Internet Addresses (You should read Chapter 4 in Forouzan) IP Address is 32 Bits Long Conceptually the address is the pair (NETID, HOSTID) Addresses are assigned by the internet company for assignment

More information

- Routing Information Protocol -

- Routing Information Protocol - 1 - Routing Information Protocol - RIP (Routing Information Protocol) RIP is a standardized Distance Vector protocol, designed for use on smaller networks. RIP was one of the first true Distance Vector

More information

IP Addressing and Subnetting for New Users

IP Addressing and Subnetting for New Users IP Addressing and Subnetting for New Users Document ID: 13788 Contents Introduction Prerequisites Requirements Components Used Additional Information Conventions Understanding IP Addresses Network Masks

More information

Chapter 4. Distance Vector Routing Protocols

Chapter 4. Distance Vector Routing Protocols Chapter 4 Distance Vector Routing Protocols CCNA2-1 Chapter 4 Note for Instructors These presentations are the result of a collaboration among the instructors at St. Clair College in Windsor, Ontario.

More information

Ch.9 Classless And Subnet Address Extensions (CIDR)

Ch.9 Classless And Subnet Address Extensions (CIDR) CSC521 Communication Protocols 網 路 通 訊 協 定 Ch.9 Classless And Subnet Address Extensions (CIDR) 吳 俊 興 國 立 高 雄 大 學 資 訊 工 程 學 系 Outline 1. Introduction 2. Review Of Relevant Facts 3. Minimizing Network Numbers

More information

IP Addressing. and Routing. Prepared by : Swapan Purkait Director. Nettech Private Ltd. swapan@nettech.in + 91 93315 90003

IP Addressing. and Routing. Prepared by : Swapan Purkait Director. Nettech Private Ltd. swapan@nettech.in + 91 93315 90003 For Summer Training on Computer Networking visit IP Addressing Prepared by : Swapan Purkait Director Nettech Private Limited swapan@nettech.in + 91 93315 90003 and Routing IP Addresses Basic IP Addressing

More information

Guide to TCP/IP, Third Edition. Chapter 2: IP Addressing and Related Topics

Guide to TCP/IP, Third Edition. Chapter 2: IP Addressing and Related Topics Guide to TCP/IP, Third Edition Chapter 2: IP Addressing and Related Topics Objectives Understand IP addressing, anatomy and structures, and addresses from a computer s point of view Recognize and describe

More information

Objectives. Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to

Objectives. Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to 1358_fmi.book Page 30 Thursday, May 27, 2004 2:21 PM Objectives Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to Create and configure IPv4 addresses Understand and resolve IP addressing crises Assign a

More information

IP Routing Configuring RIP, OSPF, BGP, and PBR

IP Routing Configuring RIP, OSPF, BGP, and PBR 13 IP Routing Configuring RIP, OSPF, BGP, and PBR Contents Overview..................................................... 13-6 Routing Protocols.......................................... 13-6 Dynamic Routing

More information

The notation w.x.y.z is used when referring to a generalized IP address and shown in Figure 3.

The notation w.x.y.z is used when referring to a generalized IP address and shown in Figure 3. IP Addressing Each TCP/IP host is identified by a logical IP address. The IP address is a network layer address and has no dependence on the data link layer address (such as a MAC address of a network

More information

WHITE PAPER. Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know

WHITE PAPER. Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know WHITE PAPER Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know CONTENTS Internet Scaling Problems 1 Classful IP Addressing 3

More information

Computer Network Foundation. Chun-Jen (James) Chung. Arizona State University

Computer Network Foundation. Chun-Jen (James) Chung. Arizona State University Computer Network Foundation Chun-Jen (James) Chung 1 Outline Network Addressing Subnetting Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) Route Aggregation Network Addressing How does the network decide where to

More information

Textbook Required: Cisco Networking Academy Program CCNP: Building Scalable Internetworks v5.0 Lab Manual.

Textbook Required: Cisco Networking Academy Program CCNP: Building Scalable Internetworks v5.0 Lab Manual. Course: NET 251 Building Scalable Internetworks Credits: 3 Textbook Required: Cisco Networking Academy Program CCNP: Building Scalable Internetworks v5.0 Lab Manual. Course Description: In this course,

More information

Pre-lab Preparation: 1. Read thoroughly and prepare the experiment sheet. 2. You must bring a printed copy of this experiment with you to the lab.

Pre-lab Preparation: 1. Read thoroughly and prepare the experiment sheet. 2. You must bring a printed copy of this experiment with you to the lab. University of Jordan Faculty of Engineering & Technology Computer Engineering Department Computer Networks Laboratory 907528 Lab.5 Subnetting &Variable Length Subnet Mask (VLSM) Objectives 1. To become

More information

Mastering IP Subnetting Forever

Mastering IP Subnetting Forever Mastering IP Subnetting Forever Scott Morris & Keith Barker 2 Tour Guide Scott Morris, CCIEx4 #4713, CCDE #2009::13, JNCIEx2 CCIE Route & Switch, ISP/Dial, Security, Service Provider Cisco Certified Design

More information

- IGRP - IGRP v1.22 Aaron Balchunas

- IGRP - IGRP v1.22 Aaron Balchunas 1 - GRP - GRP (nterior Gateway Routing Protocol) GRP is a isco-proprietary Distance-Vector protocol, designed to be more scalable than RP, its standardized counterpart. GRP adheres to the following Distance-Vector

More information

CIDR: Classless Interdomain Routing

CIDR: Classless Interdomain Routing 1/10 CIDR: Classless Interdomain Routing Surasak Sanguanpong nguan@ku.ac.th http://www.cpe.ku.ac.th/~nguan Last updated: July 9, 2002 Address allocation problem 2/10 Exhaustion of the class B network address

More information

CCNA Exploration 4.0: (II) Routing Protocols and Concepts. Chapter 1: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

CCNA Exploration 4.0: (II) Routing Protocols and Concepts. Chapter 1: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Http://elmaestrodelared.blogspot.com CCNA Exploration 4.0: (II) Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapter 1: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding 1. If a router cannot find a valid configuration

More information

1. How many unique network IDs are there in class A addresses? # of unique hosts?

1. How many unique network IDs are there in class A addresses? # of unique hosts? CS445: IPv4 Addresses In-class activity Names: Part 1: Address Classes Original three classes of IPv4 addresses: A: 0 network (7 bits) host (24 bits) B: 10 network (14 bits) host (16 bits) C: 110 network

More information

Internet Routing Overview

Internet Routing Overview Internet Routing Overview AS, IGP,, BGP Agenda Routing at Large Types of Autonomous Systems -2 Introduction BGP Internet Routing Overview, v4.5 2 Page 45-1 Routing in Small Networks in small networks distance

More information

Routing in Small Networks. Internet Routing Overview. Agenda. Routing in Large Networks

Routing in Small Networks. Internet Routing Overview. Agenda. Routing in Large Networks Routing in Small Networks Internet Routing Overview AS, IGP,, BGP in small networks distance vector or link state protocols like RIP or OSPF can be used for dynamic routing it is possible that every router

More information

CE363 Data Communications & Networking. Chapter 6 Network Layer: Logical Addressing

CE363 Data Communications & Networking. Chapter 6 Network Layer: Logical Addressing CE363 Data Communications & Networking Chapter 6 Network Layer: Logical Addressing TCP/IP and OSI model APPLICATION APPLICATION PRESENTATION SESSION TRANSPORT NETWORK Host-Network TRANSPORT NETWORK DATA

More information

SUBNETS, CIDR, AND CLASSLESS ADDRESSING

SUBNETS, CIDR, AND CLASSLESS ADDRESSING Announcements SUBNETS, CIDR, AND CLASSLESS ADDRESSING Internet Protocols CSC / ECE 573 Fall, 005 No office hours tomorrow (Wednesday) out of town No class on Thursday Fall break! Midterm exam next Tuesday!

More information

Tutorial (03) IP addresses & Sub netting

Tutorial (03) IP addresses & Sub netting Tutorial (03) IP addresses & Sub netting Dr. Ahmed M. ElShafee ١ Agenda IP Addressing Conventions Original IPv4 Address Classes Subnetting CIDR (Classless InterDomain Routing) ٢ IP Addressing Conventions

More information

Route Discovery Protocols

Route Discovery Protocols Route Discovery Protocols Columbus, OH 43210 Jain@cse.ohio-State.Edu http://www.cse.ohio-state.edu/~jain/ 1 Overview Building Routing Tables Routing Information Protocol Version 1 (RIP V1) RIP V2 OSPF

More information

Lecture 15: Addressing and Routing Architecture

Lecture 15: Addressing and Routing Architecture Lecture 15: Addressing and Routing Architecture Prof. Shervin Shirmohammadi SITE, University of Ottawa Prof. Shervin Shirmohammadi CEG 4185 15-1 Addressing & Routing Addressing is assigning identifiers

More information

IP Addressing A Simplified Tutorial

IP Addressing A Simplified Tutorial Application Note IP Addressing A Simplified Tutorial July 2002 COMPAS ID 92962 Avaya Labs 1 All information in this document is subject to change without notice. Although the information is believed to

More information

Lab#2: IP Addressing and Subnetting

Lab#2: IP Addressing and Subnetting IP Addressing Lab#2: IP Addressing and Subnetting Each Network Interface Card (NIC or Network card) present in a PC is assigned one Network address called as IP address. This IP address is assigned by

More information

Internet Protocol version 4 Part I

Internet Protocol version 4 Part I Internet Protocol version 4 Part I Claudio Cicconetti International Master on Information Technology International Master on Communication Networks Engineering Table of Contents

More information

OSPF Configuring Multi-Area OSPF

OSPF Configuring Multi-Area OSPF OSPF Configuring Multi-Area OSPF Objective In this lab configure a multiarea OSPF operation, interarea summarization, external route summarization, and default routing. Scenario International Travel Agency

More information

APPENDIX B. Routers route based on the network number. The router that delivers the data packet to the correct destination host uses the host ID.

APPENDIX B. Routers route based on the network number. The router that delivers the data packet to the correct destination host uses the host ID. APPENDIX B IP Subnetting IP Addressing Routers route based on the network number. The router that delivers the data packet to the correct destination host uses the host ID. IP Classes An IP address is

More information

2.1.2.2.2 Variable length subnetting

2.1.2.2.2 Variable length subnetting 2.1.2.2.2 Variable length subnetting Variable length subnetting or variable length subnet masks (VLSM) allocated subnets within the same network can use different subnet masks. Advantage: conserves the

More information

Router and Routing Basics

Router and Routing Basics Router and Routing Basics Malin Bornhager Halmstad University Session Number 2002, Svenska-CNAP Halmstad University 1 Routing Protocols and Concepts CCNA2 Routing and packet forwarding Static routing Dynamic

More information

Cisco Discovery 3: Introducing Routing and Switching in the Enterprise 157.8 hours teaching time

Cisco Discovery 3: Introducing Routing and Switching in the Enterprise 157.8 hours teaching time Essential Curriculum Computer Networking II Cisco Discovery 3: Introducing Routing and Switching in the Enterprise 157.8 hours teaching time Chapter 1 Networking in the Enterprise-------------------------------------------------

More information

Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, BGP)

Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, BGP) Chapter 13 Routing Protocols (RIP, OSPF, BGP) INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR ROUTING RIP OSPF BGP 1 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2000 1 Introduction Packets may pass through several networks on their way to

More information

CCNA2 Chapter 11 Practice

CCNA2 Chapter 11 Practice CCNA2 Chapter 11 Practice Two neighbouring routers are configured for OSPF, but they have different hello and dead intervals. What will happen? They will become adjacent as long as they are configured

More information

COURSE AGENDA. Lessons - CCNA. CCNA & CCNP - Online Course Agenda. Lesson 1: Internetworking. Lesson 2: Fundamentals of Networking

COURSE AGENDA. Lessons - CCNA. CCNA & CCNP - Online Course Agenda. Lesson 1: Internetworking. Lesson 2: Fundamentals of Networking COURSE AGENDA CCNA & CCNP - Online Course Agenda Lessons - CCNA Lesson 1: Internetworking Internetworking models OSI Model Discuss the OSI Reference Model and its layers Purpose and function of different

More information

IP Addressing. and Subnetting. Workbook Version 1.5. Student Name:

IP Addressing. and Subnetting. Workbook Version 1.5. Student Name: IP Addressing and Subnetting Workbook Version.5 Student Name: IP Address Classes Class A 27 (Network 27 is reserved for loopback and internal testing) Leading bit pattern... Network. Host. Host. Host Class

More information

ISOM3380 Advanced Network Management. Spring 2014 15. Course Description

ISOM3380 Advanced Network Management. Spring 2014 15. Course Description ISOM3380 Advanced Network Management Spring 2014 15 Course Description In an interconnected economy, management of network applications becomes increasingly important. This course helps students develop

More information

IP addressing. Interface: Connection between host, router and physical link. IP address: 32-bit identifier for host, router interface

IP addressing. Interface: Connection between host, router and physical link. IP address: 32-bit identifier for host, router interface IP addressing IP address: 32-bit identifier for host, router interface Interface: Connection between host, router and physical link routers typically have multiple interfaces host may have multiple interfaces

More information

TCP/IP Basis. OSI Model

TCP/IP Basis. OSI Model TCP/IP Basis 高 雄 大 學 資 訊 工 程 學 系 嚴 力 行 Source OSI Model Destination Application Presentation Session Transport Network Data-Link Physical ENCAPSULATION DATA SEGMENT PACKET FRAME BITS 0101010101010101010

More information

Classless Subnetting Explained

Classless Subnetting Explained Classless Subnetting Explained When given an IP Address, Major Network Mask, and a Subnet Mask, how can you determine other information such as: The subnet address of this subnet The broadcast address

More information

Future Internet Technologies

Future Internet Technologies Future Internet Technologies Traditional Internet Dr. Dennis Pfisterer Institut für Telematik, Universität zu Lübeck http://www.itm.uni-luebeck.de/people/pfisterer Internet Protocol v4 (IPv4) IPv4 Model

More information

s@lm@n CompTIA Exam N10-006 CompTIA Network+ certification Version: 5.1 [ Total Questions: 1146 ]

s@lm@n CompTIA Exam N10-006 CompTIA Network+ certification Version: 5.1 [ Total Questions: 1146 ] s@lm@n CompTIA Exam N10-006 CompTIA Network+ certification Version: 5.1 [ Total Questions: 1146 ] Topic break down Topic No. of Questions Topic 1: Network Architecture 183 Topic 2: Network Operations 149

More information

8.2 The Internet Protocol

8.2 The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Protocol Suite HTTP SMTP DNS RTP Distributed applications Reliable stream service TCP UDP User datagram service Best-effort connectionless packet transfer Network Interface 1 IP Network Interface

More information

Internetworking and Internet-1. Global Addresses

Internetworking and Internet-1. Global Addresses Internetworking and Internet Global Addresses IP servcie model has two parts Datagram (connectionless) packet delivery model Global addressing scheme awaytoidentifyall H in the internetwork Properties

More information

Network layer: Overview. Network layer functions IP Routing and forwarding

Network layer: Overview. Network layer functions IP Routing and forwarding Network layer: Overview Network layer functions IP Routing and forwarding 1 Network layer functions Transport packet from sending to receiving hosts Network layer protocols in every host, router application

More information

Classful IP Addressing (cont.)

Classful IP Addressing (cont.) Classful IP Addressing (cont.) 1 Address Prefix aka Net ID defines the network Address Suffix aka Host ID defines the node In Classful addressing, prefix is of fixed length (1, 2, or 3 bytes)! Classful

More information

Savera Tanwir. Internet Protocol

Savera Tanwir. Internet Protocol Savera Tanwir Internet Protocol The IP Protocol The IPv4 (Internet Protocol) header. IP Packet Details Header and payload Header itself has a fixed part and variable part Version IPv4, IPv5 or IPv6 IHL,

More information

Part2. Chapter 8. Advanced TCP/IP Network Design - CLASSLESS ADDRESSING AND VARIABLE- LENGTH SUBNET MASKS

Part2. Chapter 8. Advanced TCP/IP Network Design - CLASSLESS ADDRESSING AND VARIABLE- LENGTH SUBNET MASKS Part2 Chapter 8 Advanced TCP/IP Network Design - CLASSLESS ADDRESSING AND VARIABLE- LENGTH SUBNET MASKS Variable-Length Subnet Masks Variable-length subnet masks specified how a single network ID could

More information

IP Networking Part 3- IP Address Management A webinar to help you prepare for the CBNE Certification

IP Networking Part 3- IP Address Management A webinar to help you prepare for the CBNE Certification IP Networking Part 3- IP Address Management A webinar to help you prepare for the CBNE Certification Wayne M. Pecena, CPBE, CBNE Texas A&M Information Technology Educational Broadcast Services IP Networking,

More information

COMP3331/COMP9331 Computer Networks and Applications IPv4. Lecture overview. IP addressing basics. Key concepts

COMP3331/COMP9331 Computer Networks and Applications IPv4. Lecture overview. IP addressing basics.  Key concepts COMP3331/COMP9331 Computer Networks and Applications IPv4 http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs3331/ 1 Lecture overview Key concepts Classful addressing Network mask Subnetting Supernetting Classless addressing

More information

Module 7. Routing and Congestion Control. Version 2 CSE IIT, Kharagpur

Module 7. Routing and Congestion Control. Version 2 CSE IIT, Kharagpur Module 7 Routing and Congestion Control Lesson 4 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Specific Instructional Objectives On completion of this lesson, the students will be able to: Explain the operation of the

More information

Internet Protocol Address

Internet Protocol Address SFWR 4C03: Computer Networks & Computer Security Jan 17-21, 2005 Lecturer: Kartik Krishnan Lecture 7-9 Internet Protocol Address Addressing is a critical component of the internet abstraction. To give

More information

IP Addressing and Subnetting (Chapters 12-18)

IP Addressing and Subnetting (Chapters 12-18) IP Addressing and Subnetting (Chapters 12-18) List of all possible valid network numbers.reference table for the number of network, size of the network part, size of the host part, for Class A,B and C

More information

This chapter discusses the following advanced IP addressing topics: IP Address Planning Hierarchical Addressing Using Variable-Length Subnet Masks

This chapter discusses the following advanced IP addressing topics: IP Address Planning Hierarchical Addressing Using Variable-Length Subnet Masks This chapter discusses the following advanced IP addressing topics: IP Address Planning Hierarchical Addressing Using Variable-Length Subnet Masks Route Summarization Classless Interdomain Routing Network

More information

Chapter 3: IP Addressing and VLSM

Chapter 3: IP Addressing and VLSM Chapter 3: IP Addressing and VLSM QUESTION 54 What is the principle reason to use a private IP address on an internal network? A. Subnet strategy for private companies. B. Manage and scale the growth of

More information

IP Addressing and Subnetting. 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

IP Addressing and Subnetting. 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. IP Addressing and Subnetting 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Objectives Upon completion, you will be able to: Discuss the Types of Network Addressing Explain the Form of an IP Address

More information

Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols CHAPTER 3 Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: Can you describe the role of dynamic routing protocols

More information

BGP overview BGP operations BGP messages BGP decision algorithm BGP states

BGP overview BGP operations BGP messages BGP decision algorithm BGP states BGP overview BGP operations BGP messages BGP decision algorithm BGP states 1 BGP overview Currently in version 4. InterAS (or Interdomain) routing protocol for exchanging network reachability information

More information

Scaling the Network: Subnetting and Other Protocols. Networking CS 3470, Section 1

Scaling the Network: Subnetting and Other Protocols. Networking CS 3470, Section 1 Scaling the Network: Subnetting and Other Protocols Networking CS 3470, Section 1 Today CIDR Subnetting Private IP addresses ICMP, IMAP, and DHCP Protocols 2 Packet Encapsulation ** Creative Commons: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/file:udp_encapsulation.svg

More information

Internet Protocol (IP) IP - Network Layer. IP Routing. Advantages of Connectionless. CSCE 515: Computer Network Programming ------ IP routing

Internet Protocol (IP) IP - Network Layer. IP Routing. Advantages of Connectionless. CSCE 515: Computer Network Programming ------ IP routing Process Process Process Layer CSCE 515: Computer Network Programming ------ IP routing Wenyuan Xu ICMP, AP & AP TCP IP UDP Transport Layer Network Layer Department of Computer Science and Engineering University

More information

IP Addressing. -Internetworking (with TCP/IP) -Classful addressing -Subnetting and Supernetting -Classless addressing

IP Addressing. -Internetworking (with TCP/IP) -Classful addressing -Subnetting and Supernetting -Classless addressing IP Addressing -Internetworking (with TCP/IP) -Classful addressing -Subnetting and Supernetting -Classless addressing Internetworking The concept of internetworking: we need to make different networks communicate

More information

- Classful vs. Classless Routing -

- Classful vs. Classless Routing - lassful vs lassless outing v1.10 Aaron Balchunas 1 - lassful vs. lassless outing - lassful vs lassless routing protocols lassful routing protocols do not send subnet mask information with their routing

More information

Chapter 4. IP Addresses: Classful Addressing

Chapter 4. IP Addresses: Classful Addressing Chapter 4 IP Addresses: Classful Addressing Outlines Introduction Classfuladdressing Other issues Subnetting and supernetting 4.1 INTRODUCTION Introduction IP address, or Internet Address 32-bit binary

More information

Configuring RIP. Overview. Routing Update Process CHAPTER

Configuring RIP. Overview. Routing Update Process CHAPTER CHAPTER 22 This chapter describes how to configure the ASA to route data, perform authentication, and redistribute routing information, using the Routing Information Protocol (RIP) routing protocol. This

More information

CS 348: Computer Networks. - IP addressing; 21 st Aug 2012. Instructor: Sridhar Iyer IIT Bombay

CS 348: Computer Networks. - IP addressing; 21 st Aug 2012. Instructor: Sridhar Iyer IIT Bombay CS 348: Computer Networks - IP addressing; 21 st Aug 2012 Instructor: Sridhar Iyer IIT Bombay Think-Pair-Share: IP addressing What is the need for IP addresses? Why not have only MAC addresses? Given that

More information

Chapter 19 Network Layer: Logical Addressing 19.1

Chapter 19 Network Layer: Logical Addressing 19.1 Chapter 19 Network Layer: Logical Addressing 19.1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 19-1 IPv4 ADDRESSES An IPv4 address is a 32-bit address that

More information

Number of bits needed to address hosts 8

Number of bits needed to address hosts 8 Advanced Subnetting Example 1: Your ISP has assigned you a Class C network address of 198.47.212.0. You have 3 networks in your company with the largest containing 134 hosts. You need to figure out if

More information

Subnet + CIDR. Internet Networking recitation #1. 11:02 236341, Internet Networking, 2015 1

Subnet + CIDR. Internet Networking recitation #1. 11:02 236341, Internet Networking, 2015 1 Subnet + CIDR Internet Networking recitation #1 11:02 236341, Internet Networking, 2015 1 Administrative Information Course site: webcourse.cs.technion.ac.il/236341 Grading policy: 15% homeworks + 85%

More information

Objectives. Router as a Computer. Router components and their functions. Router components and their functions

Objectives. Router as a Computer. Router components and their functions. Router components and their functions 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public Objectives Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapter 1 Identify a router as a computer with an OS and

More information

Course Overview: Learn the essential skills needed to set up, configure, support, and troubleshoot your TCP/IP-based network.

Course Overview: Learn the essential skills needed to set up, configure, support, and troubleshoot your TCP/IP-based network. Course Name: TCP/IP Networking Course Overview: Learn the essential skills needed to set up, configure, support, and troubleshoot your TCP/IP-based network. TCP/IP is the globally accepted group of protocols

More information

Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know

Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know Understanding IP Addressing: Everything You Ever Wanted To Know Class C CIDR All-1s Prefix -Length Network-Prefix Mask /24 All-0s Class A Subnetting Supernetting Extended-Network Prefix /8 VLSM Longest

More information

How to Create Subnets To create subnetworks, you take bits from the host portion of the IP address and reserve them to define the subnet address.

How to Create Subnets To create subnetworks, you take bits from the host portion of the IP address and reserve them to define the subnet address. SUBNET MASK To define the network and host portions of an address, the devices use a separate 32-bit pattern called a subnet mask. We express the subnet mask in the same dotted decimal format as the IPv4

More information

We Are HERE! Subne\ng

We Are HERE! Subne\ng TELE 302 Network Design Lecture 21 Addressing Strategies Source: McCabe 12.1 ~ 12.4 Jeremiah Deng TELE Programme, University of Otago, 2013 We Are HERE! Requirements analysis Flow Analysis Logical Design

More information

SNMP/HTTP Access Control User Manual

SNMP/HTTP Access Control User Manual SNMP/HTTP Access Control User Manual 1. Security Control Configuration... 3 1.1. HTTP Security... 3 1.1.1. HTTP Security disabled... 3 1.1.2. HTTP Security enabled... 4 1.1.3. HTTP Security Control...

More information

Module 2: Assigning IP Addresses in a Multiple Subnet Network

Module 2: Assigning IP Addresses in a Multiple Subnet Network Module 2: Assigning IP Addresses in a Multiple Subnet Network Contents Overview 1 Lesson: Assigning IP Addresses 2 Lesson: Creating a Subnet 19 Lesson: Using IP Routing Tables 29 Lesson: Overcoming Limitations

More information

Comparison of RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, IGRP Routing Protocols in Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) By Using OPNET Simulator Tool - A Practical Approach

Comparison of RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, IGRP Routing Protocols in Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) By Using OPNET Simulator Tool - A Practical Approach Comparison of RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, IGRP Routing Protocols in Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) By Using OPNET Simulator Tool - A Practical Approach U. Dillibabau 1, Akshay 2, M. Lorate Shiny 3 UG Scholars,

More information

Network and Host Addresses 1.3. 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. INTRO v1.0a 6-4

Network and Host Addresses 1.3. 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. INTRO v1.0a 6-4 IP Addressing To facilitate the routing of packets over a network, the TCP/IP protocol suite uses a 32-bit logical address known as an IP address. This topic introduces the components of an IP address.

More information

Classless Subnetting Explained Rick Graziani, Cabrillo College

Classless Subnetting Explained Rick Graziani, Cabrillo College Classless Subnetting Explained Rick Graziani, Cabrillo College When given an IP Address, Base Network Mask, and a Subnet Mask, how can you determine other information such as: The subnet address of this

More information

(Refer Slide Time: 02:17)

(Refer Slide Time: 02:17) Internet Technology Prof. Indranil Sengupta Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Lecture No #06 IP Subnetting and Addressing (Not audible: (00:46)) Now,

More information

Type of addressing in IPv4

Type of addressing in IPv4 Type of addressing in IPv4 Within the address range of each IPv4 network, we have three types of addresses: Network address - The address by which we refer to the network Broadcast address - A special

More information

IP Addressing. IP Addresses. Introductory material.

IP Addressing. IP Addresses. Introductory material. IP Addressing Introductory material. An entire module devoted to IP addresses. IP Addresses Structure of an IP address Classful IP addresses Limitations and problems with classful IP addresses Subnetting

More information

Internetworking and IP Address

Internetworking and IP Address Lecture 8 Internetworking and IP Address Motivation of Internetworking Internet Architecture and Router Internet TCP/IP Reference Model and Protocols IP Addresses - Binary and Dotted Decimal IP Address

More information

Introduction about cisco company and its products (network devices) Tell about cisco offered courses and its salary benefits (ccna ccnp ccie )

Introduction about cisco company and its products (network devices) Tell about cisco offered courses and its salary benefits (ccna ccnp ccie ) CCNA Introduction about cisco company and its products (network devices) Tell about cisco offered courses and its salary benefits (ccna ccnp ccie ) Inform about ccna its basic course of networking Emergence

More information