1 Issue No. 2 May 2009 I am pleased to present to you the latest edition of the President s Newsletter with an update of news and insights from around the ORT world. The Board of Trustees and Board of Representatives meetings that took place in Mexico City during February helped to reinforce the bonds that exist between World ORT s lay leaders who come from so many different countries and diverse backgrounds. I and my fellow officers were particularly pleased to meet with most of the national delegations and to hear at first hand the matters that are uppermost in their minds and the issues that face Jewish communities worldwide. I experienced a real sense of common purpose, both in our determination to do the best for the beneficiaries that we serve and in our need to face the twin challenges of the global economic recession and the global rise in antisemitism. Our unanimous sentiments were expressed in the resolutions passed by Board of Representatives expressing solidarity with the State of Israel in wake of the IDF s operation in Gaza, and concern at the palpable increase in anti-semitism largely fuelled by the deepening global economic crisis. The tone and content of the discussions in Mexico reflected participants positive and optimistic perspective on the future of World ORT and our ability to tackle the challenges that face us just as we have succeeded in doing for the past soon to be 130 years. On future occasions I plan to devote more time to meetings with our National Directors the lead professionals who manage our field operations to learn more about their work and specific needs, and to strengthen the links between the lay and professional arms of the ORT network. On the organisational side I have nothing but praise for Robert Singer and the extremely dedicated staff of World ORT, as well as for my friend Mauricio Merikanskas and the devoted team at ORT Mexico whose efforts ensured the success of a series of events that included meetings of the Board of Trustees and Board of Representatives, the National Directors seminar, the Moshinsky seminar and finally ORT Mexico s impressive educational conference. The upbeat message of the Mexico meetings encourages us and takes us forward into the next phase of our work. For example, although our activities in Latin America and in Eastern Europe in particular are taking place against a deepening financial crisis, we are World ORT delegates from around the world met in Mexico City for the Board of Representatives meeting in March 2009
2 putting measures in place to deal with the issues and to resolve the problems. Special efforts are being carried out to reach out for additional funding from individuals and foundations, and we hope to be able to ensure stable funding for the Hefzibah programme in Russia despite the withdrawal of the jewish Agency last September. Furthermore we are increasing our participation in international bodies and we are succeeding in building relationships with organisations and foundations that we have not worked Despite the crowded agenda of the Board of representatives, we had time for a visit to the ORT Media Centre at the Yidische School in Mexico City. I want to take this occasion to congratulate the professionals and lay leaders of ORT Mexico who have built and operate this fantastic facility that provides professional level training in all fields of media to students of several Jewish schools of Mexico City. This has opened the minds of hundreds of students each year, and provided many with first class professional training leading them to excellent job opportunities in this growing sector. Jimmy Salinas, Robert Singer, Helen Merikanskas, Mrs Margarita Zavala de Calderon and Jean de Gunzburg at the Gala dinner during the Board of Representatives meeting in March 2009 with before, thereby developing new channels of funding that we hope will seriously help to ameliorate the situation in the near to mid-term future. In Israel, we look forward to working with the new government and continuing the good and productive relations that we have enjoyed since we began the Science Journey programme in In Europe, I have pleasure in welcoming Lucien Kalfon who has succeeded Marcel Benichou as President of ORT France, and joins us as a member of the Board of Trustees. With his strong sense of values and his vast experience, Lucien will be an asset both to ORT France and to World ORT, and I look forward to working closely with him. Our next Board of Trustees meeting will take place in Paris, which will give us the opportunity of viewing some of ORT France s operations on the ground including a visit to the ORT School in Toulouse and seeing for ourselves how their remarkable success continues to be achieved. In the USA we are entering a new era as ORT America consolidates its position, substantially reorganises and begins to rebuild its base. ORT America has a solid history of generating large sums of money for World ORT projects and, in the past, has been an engine of growth for the organisation. With the current reorganisation in place, we look forward to it once again making a major contribution to the future of World ORT. It is always gratifying to hear ORT praised by prominent people outside the organisation and especially from those beyond our normal constituency. I was therefore delighted, when attending the Gala Dinner at the Board of Representatives in Mexico, to be seated next to Mrs Margarita Zavala, wife of Mexico s President Felipe Calderon and to hear from her personally how highly ORT is regarded in her country and by herself. At ORT Mexico s educational conference, a few days after our meetings, she demonstrated her enthusiasm for our organisation and the work that we do. As Mexico s First Lady, she had been invited to open the proceedings, but instead decided to stay for the whole conference, because, as she said, I want to learn. It is because so many people want to learn that World ORT has its vital place in the Jewish and wider community. And it achieves that place, in no small measure, due to the efforts invested by our supporters. I thank you all for the wonderful work that you are doing to advance the aims of our organisation and I wish you all continued success in your endeavours. PAGE 2 PRESIDENT S NEWSLETTER
3 Modestly Building Up ORT France Marcel Benichou s achievements as President of ORT France over the past 13 years are matched only by his modesty. Today, ORT France is structurally strong, financially balanced, organisationally self-reliant and operationally effective. There is no shortage of people who place the credit at Mr Benichou s feet, among them Guy Seniak, who worked with him as National Director for many years. Mr Benichou, however, acknowledges the debt he owes Mr Seniak and current National Director Marc Timsit with alacrity. During his presidency ORT France became one of the best organised Jewish organisations in France, Mr Seniak, who is now World ORT Representative in France, said. But Mr Benichou, who retired recently, is happy to sum up his performance thus: I am most proud of the fact that there was no catastrophic event during my presidency! He does readily admit to two things I put into ORT France the philosophy of limiting expenses and the idea of modifying Jewish Studies but even then gives others much of the credit. Financially, [my predecessor] Gilbert Dreyfus cleared things up before me, Mr Benichou said. We had only to implement what he started. When I became president we needed money from World ORT. Thanks to the reforms Gilbert Dreyfus started within five years we were financially independent. Mr Seniak notes that Mr Benichou insisted on balancing budgets in every field of operations; he didn t accept funding our work through debt. With regard to Jewish Studies, Mr Benichou pushed to change them from a largely religious syllabus to one that focused on culture and history, including the learning of Hebrew. But he makes a point of crediting Mr Seniak with the actual creation of the curriculum. There is another highly significant legacy from Mr Benichou s presidency: the refurbishment of ORT France s schools. Major works have been completed at Strasbourg, Villiers-le-Bel, Lyons and Toulouse but the biggest job of all was undertaken at Montreuil in the eastern suburbs of Paris. The $20 million renovation programme at Montreuil was completed in five stages over six years, each stage commencing once the necessary funds were raised. The result is a greatly enlarged school with vastly improved facilities. Mr Benichou has been a true leader and visionary and has greatly contributed to the prosperity and quality of ORT France. Perhaps his secret for success lies in the way he sees ORT s mission not as education in and of itself but as the use of education to ensure the very survival of the Jewish People. Despite his accomplishments he has declined to offer any advice to his successor, the eminently qualified Dr Lucien Kalfon. He doesn t need my advice. I m very confident in him. He may well change things for the better, Mr Benichou said. Indeed, Dr Kalfon has strong Jewish values and skills and contacts second-to-none after decades in the highest echelons of the French civil service. And his experience serving on World ORT s Control Commission means that he knows ORT s worldwide activities well. Helping Hand for Communities Under Fire The eruption of war in Gaza despite the legitimacy of Israel s need to defend her citizens was painful to watch. However, World ORT s help for communities which have been attacked again and again by Gaza s terrorist groups means that the organisation s supporters know better than many how much forbearance Israel showed before hitting back. And we continue to work towards improving the prospects of young people in the bedevilled communities. Through Kadima Mada, World ORT has supplied an array of new equipment for high schools at Hof Ashkelon, Sha ar HaNegev and Be er Sheva which have all experienced the effects of rockets fired from Gaza. Smart boards, mobile computer laboratories, intelligent science laboratories, high-tech staff rooms (World ORT Teaching Empowerment Centres - WOTECs), and teacher training are among the advances that we have brought to these PAGE 3 PRESIDENT S NEWSLETTER
4 schools where classes can be interrupted several times a day by air raid sirens and a 20-second dash for shelter. evacuated children. And World ORT introduced a new, technologybased science education programme at the education centre for young patients at Be er Sheva s Soroka University Medical Centre the only school within rocket range of Gaza which remained open. The programme uses specially adapted advanced Lego kits to allow students to design and build robots which they programme using computers we provided them in As Esther Friedman, the Director of Soroka s Education Centre, said: This equipment is bright, colourful and attractive. It is not only educational; it is also fun and simple for the children to use. Thanks to World ORT, it will be much easier to persuade children to make the attempt to get up and attend the Educational Centre, now that we have these wonderful kits. Dr. Jean de Gunzburg inspects bomb damage at a school in Ashkelon, South Israel in Our provision of laptops to Sha ar HaNegev, a mile from the Gaza border, has allowed teenagers there to continue studying even in the school s bomb shelters. Despite the trauma of living under fire, World ORT s support has helped staff to develop their students learning skills, conduct research, expand horizons and improve grades. After the war, World ORT helped hundreds of children across southern Israel to restore their group identities and bonds with their teachers by hiring buses to take classes to the safari park in Ramat Gan, near Tel Aviv. We have had heart warming feedback from those we have helped. A student in Hof Ashkelon, Itai Wolkowitz, told us that World ORT s investment in new equipment and a sports field closer to bomb shelters had been instrumental in maintaining his educational performance. The fact that my education has not been harmed by the Qassam attacks is thanks in part to the new computer class and the new sports field that World ORT has provided, he told us. World ORT s help has allowed us to learn and to play sport with less disruption. We are planning the construction of a new campus for Sha ar HaNegev replete with rocket proof rooms and every technological advantage to provide the children there with as normal and effective educational life as possible. This $2 million project has the support of Israel s Ministry of Education, the local municipality, Jewish communities in the USA, and the Rashi Foundation. I am delighted that British ORT has made it the focus of its fundraising campaign this year. During the war, the Internet connectivity we enhanced at these schools helped teachers to provide educational resources to Schools across Israel have been supported by World ORT s Kadima Mada programme. An intangible but nonetheless important contribution World ORT has made to these communities is the breaking of their sense of isolation. For years they have been coping with the Russian roulette of rocket attacks from Gaza, but their plight was all but ignored. As one student at Hof Ashkelon s Shikma High School told us, Sometimes we feel lonely because the world has abandoned us. That s why it is great that World ORT has started supporting our school. It really helps us to cope. We feel like someone cares and wants to help us that people s heart is not closed even though they are a long way away. Global economic crisis The Board of Representatives meeting in Mexico City was productive and positive, a clear expression of collective will to face the many challenges ahead. And as far as identifying just how challenging the environment is those present were privileged to have among them Dr Luis Rubio, President of the Centre of Research for Development (CIDAC), a Mexico City-based PAGE 4 PRESIDENT S NEWSLETTER institution devoted to the study of economic and political policy issues. He laid out before us the macro-economic situation, together with its causes and possible remedies, with the clarity and expertise you would expect from someone whose opinions have been published in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal and Washington Post among others.
5 There was no masking the seriousness of the recession: the collapse of consumer spending has led directly to layoffs; the financial system is effectively broken with major banks moving towards insolvency and weak credit activity; and there is a trade crisis huge imbalances between, for example, the United States and China. Overcoming any of these crises alone would be daunting. Together, they re monumental, he said. Unless the vicious circle is broken, and fast, the situation could deteriorate to levels unknown to anyone alive. But let me tell you something else as well. There are solutions and there is a future. The silver lining Dr Rubio described drew much on the recent economic crises which hit his homeland, Mexico, together with the rest of Latin America crises during which World ORT did much to help its students and their families. But banks and bankers are unpopular; some people argue that too much money has already been spent bailing them out. And others fear that increased public spending will create an unmanageable debt. Dr Rubio argued for a speedy and massive increase in spending. Without it, he said, the economy would remain paralysed. But he recognised that national leaders were faced with a Gordian knot. Governments know they have to do something. In particular, President Obama faces a terrible dilemma. He needs to act quickly and on a massive scale. Part of what has unnerved markets has been the incremental nature of the government s response. Will it bail out this bank or that one? On what terms? A broad systemic approach commits the government to one course one solution and does not allow for experimentation. It is also enormously expensive. In 1995, Mexico s crisis was perhaps twice as serious in relative terms as the one affecting America today. Yet, welfare provisions ameliorated the effects of unemployment and some people actually became wealthy by exploiting market under-valuations. Now, although Mexico s economic growth is poor, it has built a strong financial structure. And it is a strong banking system which, Dr Rubio explained, is so important for unlocking the potential for restored economic growth. As long as the financial sector remains moribund, consumers and companies will not have access to credit, and economic activity cannot really resume on any significant scale, he said. Hence, it is clear that without a functioning financial system, even a massive stimulus will not restore the economy to a normal growth trajectory. Dr. Luis Rubio, President of the Centre of Research for Development (CIDAC) With each course having its own list of potential beneficiaries and losers the question of which one a government should take boils down to which is the least bad. In the private sector, the current crisis has forced a re-evaluation of what had become orthodox business practice: the constant striving for a lean, competitive company with no margin or excess cash. Now we realise that there is such a thing as too efficient, he said. Today it can be seen that no margin entails a huge risk. Suddenly, it is liquidity that has become king. It is an interesting concept but not one that will deter World ORT from continuing to implement efficiency measures even as we tackle the liquidity issue by drawing on the commitment of our supporters and seeking new sources of funds. The renaissance of ORT Italy Among the many brilliant and talented individuals who have energetically and quietly striven to further World ORT s mission over the years few have had the erudition of the outgoing President of ORT Italy, Professor Giacomo Saban. This gently spoken polyglot is something of a renaissance man: a mathematician who has held senior positions at Istanbul University as well as L Aquila and La Sapienza universities in Italy, he also studied textile technology in Germany; his artistic sensitivity and cultural refinement would be the envy of any student of the humanities. Born in Istanbul to a distinguished Italian family, whose members were renowned for their extraordinary communal service, you could say that Professor Saban s own immense contributions to the Jewish communities in Turkey and Italy were almost a dynastic destiny. He settled in Rome in the late 1970s and was soon elected to the Board of the Jewish Community. In 1985 he became its president and co-hosted Pope John Paul s historic visit to the city s Great Synagogue in By this time he had already been heavily involved in ORT s activities and succeeded the late Bruno Jarach as president. Since then, not least through his work with ORT, he has been at the centre of an extraordinary flowering of Rome s Jewish community after centuries of oppression. continued overleaf PAGE 5 PRESIDENT S NEWSLETTER
6 In the inter-war period there were many Jewish university professors in Italy but none of them were from Rome, he said. Rome didn t produce intellectuals. When I first came to Rome in 1949 there were few Jewish students in university and few Roman Jewish professors anywhere. The gates of the Ghetto may have been unlocked but the cultural limitations placed on Rome s Jews by the Church were enduring. But perhaps nothing advanced the Jewish community more than the ORT Renzo Levi school. Families had been scared to send their children to the non- Jewish schools because the attitude of the Church was still to convert Jews and parents feared their children would be lost. So, before the ORT Renzo Levi high school was established, Roman Jewish children would go to elementary and middle school and then leave to work in their father s shop, Giacomo said. News from around the World of ORT Brazil The ORT Technical High School in Rio de Janeiro has enrolled the highest number of students ever in its 65-year history. The school now has 360 students, a 20 per cent increase on last year and only 40 places short of its current capacity. The Ministry of Education has ranked the school 13th of the 18,000 schools in the country, making it the top technical school and highest ranked Jewish school in Brazil. Ghana World ORT s International Cooperation Department has returned to Ghana, raising rural incomes by providing administrative training for farmers in a district near Accra. With the financial support of the Western Union Foundation and the Citigroup Foundation, the Farmers Advancement Project is creating new opportunities for low-income, small scale farmers many of them women by enabling them to enter the organic and fair trade export markets. At the ORT school, children were learning about many Jewish traditions for the first time and they encouraged their parents to re-adopt them. And, as the children continued to mix with each other throughout their teenage years, the school helped to slow down rampant assimilation. Professor Saban who has also served on World ORT s Board of Directors and Academic Advisory Council has played a pivotal role in re-asserting ORT s involvement in Rome after the organisation was forced to withdraw much of its support for the school during a period of financial difficulties. It is the rekindling of the mutual appreciation Rome s Jews and ORT had for each other that he places as among his main achievements. Now, with the ORT school reaching ever higher standards, it is attracting more and more of the city s Jewish children and there is growing interest in having ORT deepen its involvement in the capital and in Milan. Professor Saban leaves ORT Italy in a vastly more potent position than when he joined it by cementing the relationship between the community and the organisation. I have reached a position where I have found a number of younger people who are really interested in ORT and I have managed to get them involved in it, he said. They are all graduates of the ORT school, including its current principal, Rav Carucci. I am very proud that for the first time in the history of Roman Jewry there s a Roman Jew sitting at the highest level of World ORT; the family of Michele di Veroli, who is a member of the Board of Trustees, has been in Rome for at least four centuries. Professor Saban is retiring from ORT Italy but he is to join the World ORT Audit and Risk Committee. And his other communal commitments include sitting on the Board of the Jewish Museum of Bologna and the Italian Jewish Heritage Foundation and the Directorship of Rivista Mensile di Israel, the oldest Italian Jewish cultural periodical. International World ORT is searching for alumni who can add their stories to a new website about the organisation s work, mainly across Europe, in the years immediately after World War II. An estimated 80,000 Survivors benefited from ORT vocational courses set up in 79 Displaced Persons (DP) camps in Germany and Austria after the war, and many of the alumni went on to make new lives for themselves in North America and Israel. Thousands more underwent training in ORT centres in Italy, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Shanghai. Anyone with information which may be of interest should please contact Kasia Person at or by telephone at +44 (0) Israel World ORT has joined the Israeli Government in an ambitious project to convert 1,000 classrooms into high-tech smart classes featuring Interactive White Boards (IWBs) over the next two years. The NIS 70 million partnership between the Ministry of Development of the Negev and Galilee, the Ministry of Education and World ORT will see smart classes built in primary and secondary schools in the north and south of the country. In addition, the Ministry of Education is committed to fully funding teacher training associated with the project for the next four years. Over the past year, World ORT has trebled the number of smart classes in the Jewish State under Phase 5 of the Kadima Mada (Science Journey) programme. Meanwhile, Phase 9 of Kadima Mada Learning Science through Technology has been officially launched at the Druze community s Horfesh Junior High School near the Lebanese border. The project provides 12- to 15-year-olds with specially adapted, advanced Lego kits which, when combined with computer software programmes and specially trained teachers, allow the creation of mini-robots. The goal is to encourage more children to choose technological study tracks. PAGE 6 PRESIDENT S NEWSLETTER
7 World ORT has joined with one of the world s biggest high tech companies, Cisco, and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to set up a groundbreaking training programme for women in Tirat HaCarmel, near Haifa. Thanks to World ORT, students on this one-year pilot programme for the internationally recognised CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) course only pay a nominal participation fee meaning that candidates were selected purely on their suitability for the course and potential to assimilate and exploit the skills being taught. Russia The President of ORT Russia, Professor Alexander Asmolov, has been elected to full membership of the Russian Academy of Education, one of the most prestigious professional institutions in the country. The honour confirms his nationwide reputation as a leading expert on the psychology of personality. Until now, Professor Asmolov has been a Correspondent Member of the Academy together with Professor Alexander Kondakov, an ORT Russia delegate to the World ORT General Assembly in Warsaw last year. And ORT Russia s Vice-President, Professor Alexei Semenov, is a Correspondent Member of the internationally renowned Russian Academy of Science. Avital Kigli recieves the World ORT Keren Tendler Scholarship award from Rehovot mayor Shuki Forer and Rony Kalinsky, Executive Director of Kadima Mada. And World ORT marked International Women s Day by presenting this year s World ORT Keren Tendler Scholarship to Avital Kigli, 20, a second-year chemical engineering student at the prestigious Technion Israel Institute of Technology. The scholarship assists and encourages women who have chosen a traditionally male-dominated field of study before entering national service. Keren Tendler was the IDF s only female flight mechanic and tragically became the first Israeli woman soldier to die on active duty since the Yom Kippur War when her helicopter was shot down by Hezbollah during the Second Lebanon War. Latvia The President of Latvia, Valdis Zatlers, has visited the Dubnov Jewish School in the capital, Riga the first such visit by a Latvian head of state. At the school, President Zatlers saw the ORT Technology Centre, which was opened there six years ago and renewed in 2007 through the Regeneration 2004 programme. The school has enjoyed a dramatic rise in its fortunes recently with enrolment increasing from 170 to 200 despite high emigration from what is already a small Jewish community. This is largely due to the technical assistance of World ORT, which is modernising the school s education, investing in teacher training and upgrading its IT facilities, and the financial support of the Clore Duffield Foundation. The excellence with which ORT has implemented Hewlett- Packard s GET-IT concept into its training programmes in the Former Soviet Union has won it a $10,000 prize at the HP GET-IT (Graduate Entrepreneurship Training through IT) Annual Conference in Brussels. The prize winners were chosen by a poll of the GET-IT partners from 25 countries who were attending the conference. The GET-IT programme focuses on the need to encourage job creation and entrepreneurship among people below the age of 25. Its training courses deal with practical IT solutions for daily business challenges faced in areas such as finance, human resources, marketing, communications and technology management. South Africa Jewish and non-jewish primary schools in Johannesburg s affluent northern suburbs are twinning with tumbledown crèches in the nearby Dikhatole township as part of the Lend Hands by Giving Rands project devised by ORT South Africa. The makeshift shacks of Dikhatole are home to some 60,000 people, 15 per cent of whom are children under the age of 15. The crèches which dot the area often offer barely enough to simply keep the children safe while in their care. ORT SA s project aims to remedy this by giving relatively well-off children in each of 12 primary schools a personal connection with a crèche in Dikhatole. Anyone who would like to support the project financially should contact ORT SA Fundraising Manager Carol Rod at Lithuania World ORT is blazing a technological trail in Lithuania by bringing state-of-the-art laboratory equipment to the Shalom Aleichem School in Vilnius making it the only school in the country with such 21st century teaching tools. The cutting edge intelligent laboratory that World ORT has installed at the school uses the Nova5000 system of data loggers and sensors which record, collate and present data so that students can focus their attention on conducting the experiments, developing higher order thinking skills and interacting with their teacher. A creche in Kikhatole which needs urgent help from ORT South Africa to improve conditions. PAGE 7 PRESIDENT S NEWSLETTER
8 Ukraine A committee of parliamentarians, academics and educational experts has named ORT s school in Odessa a Flagship of Contemporary Science and Education, placing it among the top one per cent of the country s education sector. President of the Academy of Pedagogical Science of Ukraine, Professor Vasiliy Kremen, said the ORT school had contributed to finding new ways of modernising education and science in the country. At 15,000 square feet, the new building is nearly twice the size of the old one and has been fully refurbished with state-of-theart classrooms, laboratories, offices and equipment. The school provides high quality Jewish and general education for 400 students aged between six and 17 and offers a wide variety of technology and vocational courses, in particular ICT and robotics. United Kingdom British ORT has a new leadership with ambitious plans to increase fundraising and lay participation by expanding the organisation s presence in Jewish communities across the United Kingdom. Simon Alberga, a partner at private equity firm Young Associates, has succeeded Alan Goldman as Chairman and has a new, young line-up of fellow Trustees to support him: Danny Brower, Paul Bray, Leo Gestetner and Peter Plaut. The new Director of Fundraising, Dr Noga Zivan, fills the gap left by Ivor Levene OBE, who had to retire due to ill health last year. An increasingly popular course at Los Angeles ORT is Medical Assistant training. It is now officially recognised by the Accrediting Council for Continuing Education and Training as a college offering a high quality academic degree programme in Accounting (soon, it is hoped, to be joined by a degree in Business Administration) which means that students can apply for means tested grants. The college s graduate career service enjoys a job placement rate averaging more than 90 per cent. New British ORT team. Left to right: Lauren Derman - office manager, Dr. Noga Zivan - Director of Fundraising, Simon Alberga - chairman and Muriel Stempel - events manager. The first major event staged by the new-look British ORT was the Business Breakfast, which despite the recession attracted more people than ever from the financial world to hear the highly topical keynote speaker, Lloyds Banking Group Chairman Sir Victor Blank, give his views on the Lloyds-HBOS merger. The British Government recently took a majority stake in Lloyds and underwrote 260 billion of its toxic assets after the group reported losses of nearly 11 billion. USA ORT s college in Los Angeles, the Los Angeles ORT Technical Institute, has moved its branch campus to a large site in the city s north so that it can meet the 35 per cent surge in demand for student places experienced in the last three years. The President s Newsletter is a publication of World ORT Edited by Stefan Bialogowski Designed by Angela Cutler ORT House, 126 Albert Street, London NW1 7NE, UK Tel: +44 (0) Fax: +44 (0) For further information on our activities, see World ORT Educating for Life