Welcome to the Animal Action Education Programme from IFAW

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1 Welcome to the Animal Action Education Programme from IFAW featured animals: Whales Dolphins Suitable for pupils aged 5-10 For more information and additional activities, download the FREE Beneath the Waves resource pack at:

2 This resource includes the following skills and activities for pupils aged 5 10: Whale alert Page 3 Non-fiction - reading comprehension. How technology saves right whales. (Years 1 and 2) Is it a fish? Page 4 Learning why whales and fish are mammals, not fish. (Years 1 and 2) That s whaley big! Page 5 Writing and illustrating to show the size of a blue whale. (Years 1 and 2) How IFAW rescues Pages 6-8 Sequencing events - How IFAW rescue a stranded dolphin. (Years 3-6) Whale story Page 9 Imaginative writing - Meeting a whale. (Years 3-6) Dangers to whales and dolphins Page 9 Writing a persuasive piece, drawing from information about the threats whales and dolphins currently face. (Years 5 and 6). When a whale leaps out of the ocean and makes a big splash, it is called breaching. No one knows exactly why they do it. Whales live in every ocean, from the very cold waters of the Arctic and Antarctic to the warm seas surrounding islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. They even swim into rivers to find food. IFAW has a research vessel called Song of the Whale that follows the migrations of whales and dolphins to learn more about where they go, what they eat, and other behaviours. 2 IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins

3 Name Whale Alert Reading comprehension A reading comprehension activity for Year 1 and 2. This lesson also links to: Year 1 Science: Animals, including humans. Identify and name a variety of common animals. Year 2 Science: Living things and their habitats. Read Right whales swim slowly. They also swim near the ocean s surface. When a boat gets too close, the whale can be hurt or killed. There are only about 400 right whales left in the world. Each one must be protected. Now there is a new way to help. Boats use ipads that show areas where whales are swimming. Then the boat knows where to slow down. The whale is safe! It took 15 years to make this technology work. But all of the time was worth it to help save right whales. Write IFAW helped create technology that tells ship captains that whales are near so they won t hit them with their boats. IFAW also helps fishermen use special nets so that whales will not become entangled in them. 1. What species of whale is this writing about? 2. Write 3 facts you have found out about right whales. 3. Why are boats dangerous to right whales? 4. How does using i-pads help solve the problem? 5. Why do you think this technology is so important for right whales now? IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins 3

4 Is it a Fish? Science activity A science activity for Year 1 and 2. This lesson links to: Year 1 and 2: Science: Animals, including humans. Teacher note To begin, ask pupils what animal family a dolphin and whale belong to. If pupils say that they are fish, explain that dolphins and whales are mammals. Enlist pupils help in compiling a list of traits that show dolphins and whales are mammals. Be sure to include that mammals: breathe with lungs feed their young with milk are warm-blooded (their body temperature stays the same regardless of the surrounding temperature). Pupil Activity Have each pupil draw a whale or a dolphin Ask them to show in their drawing one or more characteristics of mammals. Then ask them to write a caption for the drawing. IFAW s Marine Mammal Rescue and Research team helps save dolphins when they become stranded on the shore. The team then releases them back into the ocean. Between January and July 2012, the team saved 87 stranded dolphins. The dolphin goes above water to breathe. It uses its lungs. Display Idea! If desired, display the completed projects along with the title We are mammals because 4 IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins

5 That s whaley big! Maths/Science activity A maths activity for Years 1 and 2. This lesson links to: Maths: Measurement. Teacher note Bring the size of a blue whale to life! Show pupils a photo of a blue whale. Explain it is the largest animal in the world! Visit animals/blue-whale-interactive to show children the size of blue whales compared to everyday objects. The site includes interactive activities for whiteboards and clips to show how to select measures to measure different things. You could also visit learningzone/clips/measuring-a-large-object-blue-whales/3146.html to show the size of a blue whale and to learn how to measure a large object for key stage 2 pupils. Pupil Activity Ask each child to draw their own picture of a blue whale, leaving the bottom portion of their paper blank. Tell pupils that a blue whale is longer than three full-size buses! Ask them to draw three buses below the blue whale to show how big the whale really is. Or you could show pupils the National Geographic web page as a class, and ask them to choose blue whale comparisons with men, spaceships, cars etc to draw in their independent work. To complete their work, ask pupils to write about their pictures. A blue whale is longer than three buses Display Idea! Display the pictures for all to see, showing the different comparisons. IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins 5

6 How IFAW Rescues A sequencing activity A sequencing activity for Key Stage 2 This lesson links to: Year 4 Science: Living things and their habitat. Years 3 and 4 English: Writing comprehension. Checking that the text makes sense to them, discussing their understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context. Teacher note Show pictures of how IFAW rescues stranded dolphins and ask children to read the text below. Extension Activity IFAW s Marine Mammal Rescue and Research (MMRR) team rescues a dolphin that was stranded on shore. The team also rescues porpoises, whales, and seals and releases them back into the ocean. Between January and July 2012, the team saved 87 stranded dolphins. Write a letter - Years 3-6 IFAW has a special team called the Marine Mammal Rescue and Research team. The people on this team help rescue whales, dolphins, porpoises, and seals when they get stranded on shore. Write a letter thanking this team for its work. This lesson links to: English: Writing composition Years 3-6, writing for different purposes. 6 IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins

7 Name How IFAW Rescues A sequencing activity Pupil Activity Cut apart the event strips. Glue the strips in order. The person who found the dolphin calls the rescue hotline. How the MMRR team rescues a dolphin A dolphin is found stranded on shore. When the team gets to the dolphin, they check the animal. Finally, after they treat the animal, they take it to a safe spot and release it back into the ocean. The volunteer looks at the animal and calls the MMRR team to give important information. The rescue team uses the information to get the gear needed for the rescue. The MMRR team sends out a volunteer to evaluate the situation. IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins 7

8 How IFAW Rescues Answer Key A sequencing activity 1. How the MMRR team rescues a dolphin 2. A dolphin is found stranded on shore. 3. The person who found the dolphin calls the rescue hotline. 4. The MMRR team sends out a volunteer to evaluate the situation. 5. The volunteer looks at the animal and calls the MMRR team to give important information. 6. The rescue team uses the information to get the gear needed for the rescue. 7. When the team gets to the dolphin, they check the animal. 8. Finally, after they treat the animal, they take it to a safe spot and release it back into the ocean. For more information and additional activities, download the FREE Beneath the Waves resource pack at: 8 IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins

9 Name Ready to write... about whales and dolphins Whale story To write an imaginative story with Years 3 to 6. This lesson links to: Years English: Writing composition. Creating characters, setting and plot. Imagine that you are in the ocean and come face to face with a whale! Write an imaginative narrative about your adventure. Dangers to whales and dolphins To write an informative and persuasive piece with Years 5 and 6. This lesson links to: Years English: Writing composition. Identifying the audience for and purpose of their writing. Teacher note Discuss three threats currently affecting whales and dolphins: 1. Whaling is the act of catching and killing whales. Prior to 1986, whaling was legal. Today, the only legal reason for whaling is scientific study. More than 15,000 whales have been killed in the name of science; however, very little scientific information has resulted from this. If whales are killed for scientific study, their meat can still be sold for people to eat. What is your opinion about whaling? Explain. 2. One of the leading causes of death to many ocean animals is plastic bags in the water. Not only can an animal get tangled in the plastic, but it can eat it. List five things you can do instead of using plastic bags. 3. Right whales swim slowly. They also swim near the ocean s surface. When a boat gets too close, the whale can be hurt or killed. There are only about 400 right whales left in the world. Each one must be protected. Pupil Activity Ready to write What do you think can be done to reduce current dangers posed to whales and dolphins? IFAW Animal Action Education Programme Whales and Dolphins 9

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