Infection in pregnancy and after birth

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Infection in pregnancy and after birth"

Transcription

1 Maternity Unit Patient Information Infection in pregnancy and after birth Group A Streptococcus sore throats / fever / scarletina / scarlet fever Group A Streptococcus is a common bug which often causes sore throats and fevers in children, which usually get better without treatment. Sometimes it may cause scarlet fever, also known as scarletina. It can cause serious infection in pregnancy and after birth, so while you are pregnant ensure you wash your hands thoroughly after blowing noses / dealing with sick children. After birth, wash your hands before and after going to the toilet to reduce the chance of infection. If you are unwell with a sore throat in pregnancy, or if you develop fever with shivering or stomach pain, you should call your midwife or doctor. Flu Flu (influenza) is caused by a number of different viruses. It causes fever, cough, breathlessness, tiredness and achy muscles. It is spread by contact with infected people. In pregnancy, because your immunity is lower than when you are not pregnant, you are more at risk of getting flu, and of being more seriously ill. This can then cause problems for the baby. Because of this, all pregnant women are advised to have vaccination against flu viruses ( flu jab ). The vaccination protects against many different flu viruses including the virus that causes swine flu. It is also the only way we have to protect the newborn baby against flu, as the mother s immunity is transferred to the baby in the womb. You should also take steps to protect yourself against infection: Cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing and use a tissue, then dispose of used tissues promptly and carefully Wash your hands with soap and water to reduce the spread of the virus Clean hard surfaces like door handles using a normal cleaning product Make sure your children follow this advice 2013 Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 1

2 Because pregnant women are more at risk, if you become unwell with flu you should see a doctor. There are medicines that can be given in pregnancy (and whilst breastfeeding) to help recovery from flu. Parvovirus / slap cheek / fifth disease Slap cheek or fifth disease is caused by a virus called parvovirus B19 it is common in young children and causes a rash on the face, coughing, sneezing and fever. The rash can also be seen on the trunk, hands, wrists and knees. It is most common in the winter months. If a pregnant woman is infected the virus will pass to the baby in about a third of cases, and can cause serious problems for the baby. There is no specific antiviral medicine or vaccine available for parvovirus B19 infection, but if a woman is known to have been infected we can monitor the baby closely for problems. If you think you have been in contact with someone with slap cheek, please let your midwife know. She will take a blood test and also ask the lab to test a blood sample taken at the beginning of the pregnancy to see if you are immune to parvovirus. About 60% of adults in the UK are immune - if you are you will be reassured that your baby is not at risk. If you are not immune, we will monitor you and the baby for signs of infection. Chicken pox and shingles Chicken pox is caused by the varicella virus, which can be passed to the baby in the womb causing serious problems. Fortunately, most adults in the UK are immune to chicken pox because they had it in childhood. If you come into contact with someone with chicken pox or shingles, and you think you are not immune (in other words, that you have not had chicken pox yourself) please contact your midwife as soon as possible. She will ask the hospital lab to test a blood sample taken at the beginning of the pregnancy to see if you are immune to chicken pox. The result will be available within one to two days. If the blood test shows you are immune, there is no risk to your baby from the Varicella virus. However, you may still go on to develop shingles, which is due to a reactivation of the varicella virus if you develop a rash you should contact your GP for advice and avoid contact with other pregnant women (e.g. at antenatal clinic) until recovered. If the blood test shows you are not immune, you will be offered treatment (an injection called VZIG) to reduce the risk of the baby getting infected. Mumps Most people in the UK have been vaccinated against mumps, so it is uncommon. It is a viral infection that causes fever and swollen neck glands. If you have had mumps yourself, or if you had the vaccine, you are protected, so you are not at risk in pregnancy. If you are pregnant and you are not protected (non-immune) and you come in to contact with someone with mumps, you may be at risk of the infection but it will not harm your baby Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 2

3 Measles Most people in the UK have been vaccinated against measles, so it is uncommon. It is a very infectious viral infection that spreads when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes. It causes cold-like symptoms, fever, greyish spots in the mouth and throat and a red-brown spotty rash. If you catch measles during pregnancy, it can be passed on to your baby, which can be very damaging or even fatal to your baby, and it can cause miscarriage, premature labour or a baby with low birthweight. If you come into contact with measles when you are pregnant, please let your midwife know as soon as possible. You will have a blood test if this shows you are not immune you may be offered an immunoglobulin injection to reduce the effects of measles to you and the baby. Hand foot and mouth This is a common viral infection (not the same as foot and mouth) caused by the coxsackie virus. It is quite common in childhood, so many adults will be immune as you cannot get it twice. Typically it causes fever, a blistery rash on the hands and feet, and mouth ulcers. No treatment other than regular paracetamol is necessary. It is rare for the infection to affect your baby, but if it occurs right at the end of pregnancy it is possible for the baby to have problems when newborn, so let your midwife and doctors know. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) GBS is one of many bacteria that can be present in our bodies. It usually causes no harm. This situation is called carrying GBS or being colonised with GBS. It is estimated that about 1 in 4 pregnant women in the UK carry GBS. Around the time of labour and birth, many babies come into contact with GBS and are colonised by the bacteria. Most babies are unaffected, but a small number can become infected. Every year in the UK (with 680,000 births a year) around 340 babies will develop GBS infection in the first week after birth. Most babies who become infected can be treated successfully and will make a full recovery. However, even with the best medical care, 1 in 10 babies diagnosed with early-onset GBS infection will die, and two in 10 will have permanent problems such as cerebral palsy, deafness, blindness and serious learning difficulties. It has been found that giving antibiotics to treat the GBS during pregnancy so that it is not in the vagina at the time of birth does not work. We could give everyone antibiotics, just in case, but this would have its own risks, such as death or serious injury to a very few women from an allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to the antibiotics, and strains of bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 3

4 Instead, we recommend antibiotics for women whose babies are at more risk, including:- If GBS has caused a urine infection in pregnancy If you have had a baby with GBS infection If spread to the baby it is more likely, for example:- o you have a high temperature during labour o you go into labour before 37 weeks o you give birth more than 18 hours after your waters have broken Chlamydia Chlamydia is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in the UK. Often people can be carrying the infection without knowing it. Self-testing is quick and easy. If a pregnant woman has chlamydia it is a good idea that it is treated before the baby is born. If it is left untreated it can pass to the baby causing eye and lung infections (pneumonia). It is easily treated using antibiotic tablets that are safe to take in pregnancy. Herpes Genital herpes, like cold sores and varicella (the chicken pox virus), is an infection which can keep coming back. The main risk of infection passing to the baby is if the woman has her very first attack of herpes in the last stages of pregnancy (after 34 weeks) or if she has herpes around the vagina when she goes into labour. In these cases, she might be advised to have the baby by caesarean section. If you have herpes and it keeps recurring you may be offered Aciclovir tablets for the last stages of pregnancy (from 36 weeks) to reduce the chance of an attack at the time of labour. If your partner has herpes, you should use condoms during pregnancy to reduce the chances of infection. HIV, Hepatitis B and C, Syphilis We offer routine screening for HIV, Hepatitis B and Syphilis to all pregnant women under our care, and more than 95% of women have testing. These conditions can be present without causing symptoms, and can be transmitted to the baby, but if we know they are present we can give treatment that reduces the risk of the baby being infected and also helps the mother. We do not screen routinely for Hepatitis C. If you are more at risk of Hepatitis C (if you have a history of injecting drugs in the past, for example) you may be offered testing Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 4

5 Rubella / German measles Rubella is the virus that causes German measles. If a pregnant mother gets German measles during her pregnancy it can be transmitted to the baby and cause serious problems. We therefore test all mothers in early pregnancy to see if they are immune. Those who are immune can be reassured that they are not at risk, whilst those who are not can be warned to stay away from people with rashes, and to seek medical attention if they become unwell with a rash themselves or come into contact with someone with German measles. Vaccination against rubella cannot be done in pregnancy, but we can give the first part of the vaccine just after birth the second part is given at the 6 week postnatal check. MRSA Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium (germ) which lives harmlessly on the skin or in the nose of 20-40% of people. These germs sometimes cause skin infections such as boils, abscesses and spots. Methicillin is an antibiotic. MRSA means that the staphylococcus aureus has become resistant to treatment with this antibiotic, and usually several others as well. Consequently there are a limited number of antibiotics which can be used to treat MRSA infections. Whilst it is not a problem for healthy people, MRSA can cause a problem if it infects wounds as the infection is difficult to treat. Dorset County Hospital currently screens all elective admissions (patients coming in for planned surgery) for MRSA by taking swabs (like cotton buds). If MRSA is discovered, we can arrange easy, effective treatment before the operation date. Food acquired infection There is advice about do s and do not s of eating in pregnancy, and food hygiene, in the NHS Pregnancy Book. This explains how to guard against infections such as toxoplasma and listeria, which can be transmitted through our food. After birth The following may aid comfort, reduce the risk of infection, and help stitches to heal:- Wash your hands before and after going to the toilet Bath or shower with plain warm water Dry yourself carefully Change your sanitary pad often Pelvic floor exercises Mild painkillers from the chemist such as paracetamol or ibuprofen Ask your midwife for her recommendation 2013 Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 5

6 Usually stitches just dissolve once the tear or cut has healed, sometimes they have to be taken out. Further Information If you need any further information please contact the Maternity Unit on If you need this information in large print, easy read, on audiotape or in another language please call or If you wish to obtain a list of the sources used to develop this information leaflet please call or Authors: Miss Audrey Ryan (Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist) Publication Date: December 2011 Review Date: December Dorset County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust 6

People who are likely to have swine flu may be offered antiviral medicines.

People who are likely to have swine flu may be offered antiviral medicines. Patient information from the BMJ Group Swine flu There's been a lot of concern about the spread of swine flu, a new strain of flu virus that emerged in 2009. However, there are treatments that can help

More information

Childhood Diseases and potential risks during pregnancy: (All information available on the March of Dimes Web Site.) http://www.modimes.

Childhood Diseases and potential risks during pregnancy: (All information available on the March of Dimes Web Site.) http://www.modimes. Childhood Diseases and potential risks during pregnancy: (All information available on the March of Dimes Web Site.) http://www.modimes.org/ Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum) is a common, mild, childhood

More information

Flu, your pregnancy and you

Flu, your pregnancy and you Flu, your pregnancy and you What you need to know and do to protect yourself and your baby Flu mmunisation 2015/16 Helping to protect everyone, every winter Pregnant women are at increased risk of getting

More information

The flu vaccination. Winter 2013/14. Who should have it and why. Includes information for pregnant women

The flu vaccination. Winter 2013/14. Who should have it and why. Includes information for pregnant women The flu vaccination Winter 2013/14 Who should have it and why Includes information for pregnant women Introduction This leaflet explains how you can protect yourself against flu this coming winter, and

More information

Infection. Preventing Infections You need to make sure to protect yourself from infection after your surgery by taking the following precautions:

Infection. Preventing Infections You need to make sure to protect yourself from infection after your surgery by taking the following precautions: Infection To protect your new organ(s), you are taking immune-suppression or anti-rejection medicines to keep your body s immune system from rejecting the new organ(s). These anti-rejection medicines lower

More information

Chickenpox in pregnancy: what you need to know

Chickenpox in pregnancy: what you need to know Chickenpox in pregnancy: what you need to know First published December 2003 Revised edition published November 2008 What is chickenpox? Chickenpox is a very infectious illness caused by a virus called

More information

Genital herpes the basics

Genital herpes the basics Genital herpes the basics Genital herpes is caused by two viruses called Herpes simplex, types 1 and 2. The viruses are very similar and both can cause blisters or ulcers. When these occur on the face

More information

Vaccination is the only protection. BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE.

Vaccination is the only protection.  BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. Vaccination is the only protection. www.immunisation.ie BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. FLU VACCINE 2011-2012 INFORMATION FOR PREGNANT WOMEN What is seasonal flu (influenza)? Seasonal flu is a highly infectious

More information

Ear Infections Chickenpox chickenpox

Ear Infections Chickenpox chickenpox Ear Chickenpox Infections chickenpox Chickenpox Chickenpox is a common, very contagious viral infection that over 90% of people get during childhood unless they have been immunised. After an infection,

More information

SWINE FLU AND PREGNANCY

SWINE FLU AND PREGNANCY SWINE FLU AND PREGNANCY How to protect yourself and your baby This leaflet gives information about: Flu. Protect yourself and others. SWINE FLU AND PREGNANCY Contents What is swine flu? Swine flu is a

More information

4-in-1 & MMR vaccines

4-in-1 & MMR vaccines 4-in-1 & MMR vaccines Information for parents of children in Junior Infants www.immunisation.ie Your CHILD needs to be protected from infectious diseases when they start SCHOOL. Read this leaflet to find

More information

Pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection that makes the tiny air sacs in your lungs inflamed (swollen and sore). They then fill with liquid.

Pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection that makes the tiny air sacs in your lungs inflamed (swollen and sore). They then fill with liquid. Pneumonia Pneumonia is an infection that makes the tiny air sacs in your lungs inflamed (swollen and sore). They then fill with liquid. People with mild (not so bad) pneumonia can usually be treated at

More information

The flu vaccination WINTER 2016/17. Who should have it and why. Flu mmunisation 2016/17

The flu vaccination WINTER 2016/17. Who should have it and why. Flu mmunisation 2016/17 The flu vaccination WINTER 2016/17 Who should have it and why Flu mmunisation 2016/17 The flu vaccination 1 Winter 2016/17 Helping to protect everyone, every winter This leaflet explains how you can help

More information

2 months Diptheria; Tetanus; Whooping Cough; Hib & Polio 1st dose Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination

2 months Diptheria; Tetanus; Whooping Cough; Hib & Polio 1st dose Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination IMMUNISATIONS You may want to know if your child should have routine immunisations and whether there could be an increased risk of complications because of the heart condition. We have sought the opinions

More information

Measles Mumps and Rubella Vaccine Having the MMR vaccine after having a baby

Measles Mumps and Rubella Vaccine Having the MMR vaccine after having a baby Measles Mumps and Rubella Vaccine Having the MMR vaccine after having a baby Information for parents Why am I being offered the MMR vaccine? Rubella can be serious for pregnant women due to the risks

More information

READ THIS LEAFLET VERY CAREFULLY, AND KEEP IT IN A SAFE PLACE. FLU IS SPREADING IN IRELAND, AND THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY.

READ THIS LEAFLET VERY CAREFULLY, AND KEEP IT IN A SAFE PLACE. FLU IS SPREADING IN IRELAND, AND THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY. READ THIS LEAFLET VERY CAREFULLY, AND KEEP IT IN A SAFE PLACE. FLU IS SPREADING IN IRELAND, AND THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY. Information and medical advice for the public on Pandemic

More information

Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women

Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women What is whooping cough (pertussis)? Whooping cough (also known as pertussis) is a highly contagious illness that can be life threatening. The disease is most serious

More information

Accent on Health Obgyn, PC HERPES Frequently Asked Questions

Accent on Health Obgyn, PC HERPES Frequently Asked Questions 1. What is herpes? 2. How common is herpes? 3. Is there a cure for herpes? 4. What is oral herpes (cold sores)? 5. How is oral herpes spread? 6. What is genital herpes? 7. How is genital herpes spread?

More information

MMR. the facts. the safest way to protect your child for life

MMR. the facts. the safest way to protect your child for life MMR the facts the safest way to protect your child for life Measles, mumps, rubella and the MMR vaccine Here are some facts about measles, mumps, rubella and the MMR vaccine. The MMR programme started

More information

Vaccination during pregnancy protects both mother and unborn child.

Vaccination during pregnancy protects both mother and unborn child. Grippeimpfung (Englisch) Schwangere Information for expectant mothers Flu Vaccination Vaccination during pregnancy protects both mother and unborn child. Staying healthy during pregnancy During pregnancy,

More information

BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE.

BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. DON T GET OR GIVE THE FLU THIS YEAR THANK YOU Vaccination is the only protection. www.immunisation.ie BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. FLU VACCINE 2013-2014 Healthcare workers prevent the spread of flu and

More information

FAQs on Influenza A (H1N1-2009) Vaccine

FAQs on Influenza A (H1N1-2009) Vaccine FAQs on Influenza A (H1N1-2009) Vaccine 1) What is Influenza A (H1N1-2009) (swine flu) 1? Influenza A (H1N1-2009), previously known as "swine flu", is a new strain of influenza virus that spreads from

More information

How can herpes simplex spread to an infant?

How can herpes simplex spread to an infant? CHAPTER 3 HERPES AND PREGNANCY As an expectant parent eagerly awaiting the birth of your new baby, you are probably taking a number of steps to ensure your baby s health. One step many experts recommend

More information

Influenza and Pandemic Flu Guidelines

Influenza and Pandemic Flu Guidelines Influenza and Pandemic Flu Guidelines Introduction Pandemic flu is a form of influenza that spreads rapidly to affect most countries and regions around the world. Unlike the 'ordinary' flu that occurs

More information

Useful contacts. Call 0800 1 513 513 to hear the latest information on swine flu. England: www.nhs.uk www.direct.gov.uk/swineflu

Useful contacts. Call 0800 1 513 513 to hear the latest information on swine flu. England: www.nhs.uk www.direct.gov.uk/swineflu Useful contacts Call 0800 1 513 513 to hear the latest information on swine flu. England: www.nhs.uk www.direct.gov.uk/swineflu Scotland: www.nhs24.com Wales: www.nhsdirect.wales.nhs.uk www.wales.gov.uk/health

More information

35-40% of GBS disease occurs in the elderly or in adults with chronic medical conditions.

35-40% of GBS disease occurs in the elderly or in adults with chronic medical conditions. What is Group B Strep (GBS)? Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a type of bacteria that is found in the lower intestine of 10-35% of all healthy adults and in the vagina and/or lower intestine of 10-35% of

More information

SEASONAL FLU VACCINATION: WHO SHOULD HAVE IT AND WHY

SEASONAL FLU VACCINATION: WHO SHOULD HAVE IT AND WHY SEASONAL FLU VACCINATION: WHO SHOULD HAVE IT AND WHY This leaflet includes information for pregnant women INTRODUCTION Last year you probably heard a great deal about different sorts of flu, including

More information

Swine Flu and Common Infections to Prepare For. Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 15, 2009

Swine Flu and Common Infections to Prepare For. Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 15, 2009 Swine Flu and Common Infections to Prepare For Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 15, 2009 Supporters Deaf Health Community Committee Members Julia Aggas Cathie Armstrong Michael McKee Mistie

More information

2 P age. Babies from Birth to Age 2

2 P age. Babies from Birth to Age 2 Contents Babies from Birth to Age 2... 2 Vaccines give parents the power... 2 Vaccines are recommended throughout our lives... 3 Talk to your doctor... 3 Vaccines are very safe... 3 Whooping Cough (Pertussis)...

More information

DID YOU KNOW? A SORE THROAT CAN KILL YOUR STUDENT

DID YOU KNOW? A SORE THROAT CAN KILL YOUR STUDENT DID YOU KNOW? A SORE THROAT CAN KILL YOUR STUDENT Each year, more than 60 Fijians die of Rheumatic Heart Disease and it all starts with an untreated sore throat. TEACHING PROGRAM FOR SCHOOLS ACROSS FIJI

More information

Cellulitis. Patient information Leaflet. Leaflet no: GMed 005 Version 1.2

Cellulitis. Patient information Leaflet. Leaflet no: GMed 005 Version 1.2 Cellulitis Patient information Leaflet Leaflet no: GMed 005 Version 1.2 October 2013 What is Cellulitis? Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the deep layer of skin (dermis) and the layer of fat and

More information

INFECTIOUS DISEASES. Means readying the body for future potential infections. This can be done in differing ways:

INFECTIOUS DISEASES. Means readying the body for future potential infections. This can be done in differing ways: INFECTIOUS DISEASES Method of infection Infectious diseases are contagious and spread from person to person in numerous ways - via coughing, sneezing, direct contact, or contact with body fluids i.e. vomit,

More information

Facts you should know about pandemic flu. Pandemic Flu

Facts you should know about pandemic flu. Pandemic Flu Facts you should know about pandemic flu Pandemic Flu What s this brochure all about? This brochure provides information about pandemic flu. It gives the answers to 10 important questions concerning an

More information

Streptococcal Infections

Streptococcal Infections Streptococcal Infections Introduction Streptococcal, or strep, infections cause a variety of health problems. These infections can cause a mild skin infection or sore throat. But they can also cause severe,

More information

The challenge of herpes

The challenge of herpes The challenge of herpes Herpes is a common and personally challenging disease Herpes is very common. One out of four adults has genital herpes. When people first hear that they are infected, many become

More information

Thinking of getting pregnant?

Thinking of getting pregnant? Thinking of getting pregnant? Make sure you re protected against German measles the safest way to protect the health of you and your baby Catching German measles (rubella) can be very serious for your

More information

Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Patient information Service: Infection Control Team Divison: Intergrated Medical and Rehabiltitation Services Infectioncontrol@homerton.nhs.uk Telephone

More information

FACIAL HERPES. What is Facial Herpes? CHAPTER 4

FACIAL HERPES. What is Facial Herpes? CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 4 FACIAL HERPES What is Facial Herpes? Facial herpes is very common and is also known as cold sores, fever blisters, sun blisters, oro-facial herpes, herpes labialis and herpes febrilis. Facial

More information

Frequently asked questions about whooping cough (pertussis)

Frequently asked questions about whooping cough (pertussis) Frequently asked questions about whooping cough (pertussis) About whooping cough What is whooping cough? Whooping cough is a highly contagious illness caused by bacteria. It mainly affects the respiratory

More information

I B2.4. Design of the patient information leaflet for VariQuin

I B2.4. Design of the patient information leaflet for VariQuin (English translation of official Dutch version) I B2.4. Design of the patient information leaflet for VariQuin Information for the Patient: Read this package leaflet carefully when you have some time to

More information

Swine Flu FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Swine Flu FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Swine Flu We know people are concerned about the swine flu situation and we share that concern. At this early stage of this outbreak, there is a lot of uncertainty and the situation

More information

What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs.

What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. Swine Flu H1N1 What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by Type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. Swine flu viruses have been reported

More information

Diseases that can be spread during sex

Diseases that can be spread during sex Diseases that can be spread during sex Did you know... over 65 million people in the United States have a chronic, incurable sexually transmitted disease (STD)? and that every year another 19 million persons

More information

Frequently Asked Questions A(H1N1) Influenza (Swine Flu)

Frequently Asked Questions A(H1N1) Influenza (Swine Flu) Frequently Asked Questions A(H1N1) Influenza (Swine Flu) What is Swine Flu [A(H1N1) Influenza]? Swine flu is a respiratory illness caused by the type A flu (H1N1) virus. The current influenza pandemic

More information

Pregnancy and Tuberculosis. Patient and Public information sheet

Pregnancy and Tuberculosis. Patient and Public information sheet Pregnancy and Tuberculosis Patient and Public information sheet Who is at risk of TB? Anyone can catch TB, but it is possible that pregnant women have a slightly higher risk of TB. Some people are more

More information

Why you and your Family Should Get the Flu Shot

Why you and your Family Should Get the Flu Shot Why you and your Family Should Get the Flu Shot Why Get VaCCinated against influenza? Influenza (flu) is a virus that can lead to serious complications, hospitalization, or even death. Even healthy children

More information

Pre-operative M.R.S.A. Screening Information for Patients

Pre-operative M.R.S.A. Screening Information for Patients Infection Prevention and Control Pre-operative M.R.S.A. Screening Information for Patients This information is designed for patients undergoing MRSA screening before coming into hospital for a planned

More information

Factsheet September 2012. Pertussis immunisation for pregnant women. Introduction

Factsheet September 2012. Pertussis immunisation for pregnant women. Introduction Factsheet September 2012 Pertussis immunisation for pregnant women Introduction The routine childhood immunisation programme has been very effective in reducing the overall numbers of cases of pertussis.

More information

What is whooping cough. (pertussis)? Information and Prevention. Ocument dn

What is whooping cough. (pertussis)? Information and Prevention. Ocument dn What is whooping cough Ocument dn (pertussis)? Information and Prevention IMPORTANT Pertussis (or whooping cough) is a highly contagious infection that can cause uncontrollable, violent coughing. If you

More information

3rd & 4th degree tears Information following childbirth

3rd & 4th degree tears Information following childbirth 3rd & 4th degree tears Information following childbirth Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered You have been given this patient information leaflet because you have had what is known as a 3rd or

More information

Facts About Chickenpox and Shingles for Adults

Facts About Chickenpox and Shingles for Adults Facts About Chickenpox and Shingles for Adults What is chickenpox? Chickenpox, also known as varicella, is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is spread easily through the

More information

MRSA Transmission. About MRSA

MRSA Transmission. About MRSA Minnesota Department of Health Fact Sheet 12/2007 Learning about MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus): A guide for patients About MRSA What is MRSA and why is it so serious? Staphylococci

More information

Hand-foot-and-mouth Disease

Hand-foot-and-mouth Disease Hand-foot-and-mouth Disease Introduction Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a common viral illness. It usually affects infants and children younger than 5 years old. But it can sometimes happen in adults.

More information

SHINGLES (Herpes zoster infection)

SHINGLES (Herpes zoster infection) SHINGLES (Herpes zoster infection) What are the aims of this leaflet? This leaflet has been written to help you understand more about shingles. It will tell you what it is, what causes it, what can be

More information

INFLUENZA (FLU) Flu and You

INFLUENZA (FLU) Flu and You Influenza (Flu) What is the flu? The flu is an illness caused by flu viruses. The flu may make people cough and have a sore throat and fever. They may also have a runny or stuffy nose, feel tired, have

More information

SWINE FLU VACCINATION:

SWINE FLU VACCINATION: SWINE FLU VACCINATION: information for parents of children over six months and under five years old Flu. Protect yourself and others. Contents About this leaflet......................... 3 What is swine

More information

Adult Vaccination Frequently Asked Questions: The Basics

Adult Vaccination Frequently Asked Questions: The Basics The Basics Why should I get vaccinated? Vaccination is the best way to protect against infections that can make you sick and be passed on to those around you. 1 What kinds of side effects will I get from

More information

After your child is immunised

After your child is immunised After your child is immunised What to expect after immunisations This leaflet tells you what reactions might occur after immunisation, and what to do about them. Only use this information as a guide. You

More information

Vaccinations and Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus

Vaccinations and Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus shinecharity.org.uk info@shinecharity.org.uk 42 Park Road Peterborough PE1 2UQ 01733 555988 Vaccinations and Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus Vaccines are made from parts of bacteria or viruses that cause

More information

X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary

X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary Introduction H1N1 flu, also called swine flu, is a respiratory disease of pigs that has now spread to humans. Swine refers to animals such as pigs, hogs,

More information

The Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

The Hepatitis B virus (HBV) The Hepatitis B virus (HBV) There are 400 million people in the world who live with chronic hepatitis B, including France. Most people don t even know they are infected. But there are several important

More information

Whooping cough (Pertussis) Information for you

Whooping cough (Pertussis) Information for you Whooping cough (Pertussis) Information for you Visit our website: www.nhsaaa.net All our publications are available in other formats ...Information for you...information for you...information for you.

More information

Advice about MRSA for people not in hospital. If you have MRSA, this leaflet tells you about things you should do in your everyday life.

Advice about MRSA for people not in hospital. If you have MRSA, this leaflet tells you about things you should do in your everyday life. Advice about MRSA for people not in hospital If you have MRSA, this leaflet tells you about things you should do in your everyday life. Easy read This booklet is about a germ called MRSA. It is an Easy

More information

HIV in pregnancy: information for you. Contents. Page number

HIV in pregnancy: information for you. Contents. Page number HIV in pregnancy: information for you Published February 2005 by the RCOG Due to be reviewed in 2007 Contents Page number Key points 2 About this information 3 About HIV 4 What could it mean for my baby?

More information

Patient Guide. Important information for patients starting therapy with LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab)

Patient Guide. Important information for patients starting therapy with LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) Patient Guide Important information for patients starting therapy with LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety

More information

Whooping Cough. The Lungs Whooping cough is an infection of the lungs and breathing tubes, both of which are parts of the respiratory system.

Whooping Cough. The Lungs Whooping cough is an infection of the lungs and breathing tubes, both of which are parts of the respiratory system. Whooping Cough Introduction Whooping cough is a serious bacterial infection of the lungs and breathing tubes. It is also called pertussis. About 16 million cases of whooping cough happen worldwide each

More information

ENGLISH. Sore throats and rheumatic fever

ENGLISH. Sore throats and rheumatic fever ENGLISH Sore throats and rheumatic fever This guide is information for families, whanau, parents, aiga and caregivers about rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is a serious illness in our communities. It

More information

Yes, I know I have genital herpes:

Yes, I know I have genital herpes: Counseling Messages for Herpes Simplex Type II (HSV-II) Genital herpes Always take the time to attend to the participant s feelings and emotional state; for some people, this is the most devastating news

More information

swine flu vaccination:

swine flu vaccination: swine flu vaccination: what you need to know Flu. Protect yourself and others. Contents What is swine flu?............... 3 About the swine flu vaccine....... 4 What else do I need to know?...... 8 What

More information

The HPV vaccine Beating cervical cancer questions and answers

The HPV vaccine Beating cervical cancer questions and answers The HPV vaccine A Q&A sheet for girls and their parents on the HPV vaccination available from September 2012 Beating cervical cancer questions and answers Beating cervical cancer questions and answers

More information

Influenza Education Presentation Prepared by Peel Public Health 2014

Influenza Education Presentation Prepared by Peel Public Health 2014 Influenza Education Presentation Prepared by Peel Public Health 2014 Disclaimer We are pleased to be able to offer you the use of our Influenza PowerPoint presentation for your use. Peel Public Health

More information

Explanation of Immunization Requirements

Explanation of Immunization Requirements Explanation of Immunization Requirements CONTENTS Hepatitis A... 2 Hepatitis B... 3 Influenza... 4 Measles (Rubella), Mumps, and Rubella (MMR)... 5 Pertussis (Tdap)... 6 Tuberculosis (TB) Test... 7 Varicella/Chicken

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH)

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH) What is pertussis? General Questions About Pertussis Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a contagious illness that is spread when an infected person

More information

MUMPS PUBLIC FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

MUMPS PUBLIC FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS New Jersey Department of Health Vaccine Preventable Disease Program MUMPS PUBLIC FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Date: April 17, 2014 DESCRIPTION OF MUMPS What is mumps? Mumps is a disease that is caused by

More information

Oxford University Hospitals. NHS Trust. Pneumonia. Information for patients

Oxford University Hospitals. NHS Trust. Pneumonia. Information for patients Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Pneumonia Information for patients Introduction You have been admitted to hospital for treatment of pneumonia. This leaflet will give you information so that you understand

More information

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy Information and advice for women and families Maternity What is a deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a deep leg

More information

Northern Ireland swine flu helpline: 0800 0514 142

Northern Ireland swine flu helpline: 0800 0514 142 15/09/2009 Page 1 Information for special school principals on swine influenza A (H1N1) This information sheet gives general information about swine infl uenza A (H1N1) (swine fl u) as well as addressing

More information

Quick Reference H1N1 Flu (swine flu)

Quick Reference H1N1 Flu (swine flu) Quick Reference H1N1 Flu (swine flu) The United States declared a public health emergency in response to the recent reports of swine flu. UMR wants to help you understand some important facts about H1N1

More information

A guide for people with genital herpes

A guide for people with genital herpes A guide for people with genital herpes Contents Getting the facts 4 The key facts 6 What is genital herpes? 8 Genital herpes symptoms 10 Getting tested 12 The first outbreak 14 Recurrent outbreaks 16 Common

More information

HIV/AIDS. Information booklet

HIV/AIDS. Information booklet HIV/AIDS Information booklet Content Introduction 1 What is HIV/AIDS 2 How is HIV spread? 4 Symptoms of HIV infection 7 Testing for HIV 8 Preventing the spread of HIV 10 Sexually Transmitted Infections

More information

TWYFORD SURGERY 0118 9346680 Minor Illness

TWYFORD SURGERY 0118 9346680  Minor Illness Minor Illness The doctors and nurses at Twyford Surgery are aware that getting an appointment can be difficult and frustrating at times. We have looked at how appointments are used and have found that

More information

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Release #2014-04

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Release #2014-04 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Release #2014-04 CONTACT for this Release: Krista Dommer Office Phone: (209) 468-3571 Email: kdommer@sjcphs.org Alvaro Garza, MD, MPH. Public Health Officer MEASLES OUTBREAKS PROMPT

More information

Work & Pregnancy Do Mix...

Work & Pregnancy Do Mix... Work & Pregnancy Do Mix... www.beststart.org PREGNANT AND WORKING Most women continue to work during their pregnancy, whether they work from home, or travel to a workplace. If you are pregnant or planning

More information

MINISTRY OF HEALTH PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A / H1N1 2009 VACCINE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

MINISTRY OF HEALTH PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A / H1N1 2009 VACCINE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago MINISTRY OF HEALTH PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A / H1N1 2009 VACCINE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Influenza vaccines are one of the most effective ways to protect

More information

GENERAL INFORMATION. Hepatitis B Foundation - Korean Chapter Pg. 3 www.hepb.org

GENERAL INFORMATION. Hepatitis B Foundation - Korean Chapter Pg. 3 www.hepb.org GENERAL INFORMATION What is hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is the world's most common liver infection that can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), which attacks and

More information

Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine

Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine mouths or noses of people who are nearby. Less often, a person might also get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching

More information

X-Plain Pneumonia Reference Summary

X-Plain Pneumonia Reference Summary X-Plain Pneumonia Reference Summary Introduction Pneumonia is an inflammation and infection of the lungs. Every year, more than 60,000 Americans die of pneumonia. It can affect anybody, but is more dangerous

More information

PANDEMIC FLU. Guidance for infection control for childminders

PANDEMIC FLU. Guidance for infection control for childminders PANDEMIC FLU Guidance for infection control for childminders Crown copyright 2008 Published by The Scottish Government & Health Protection Scotland, 2008 Introduction PLANNING FOR A HUMAN INFLUENZA PANDEMIC:

More information

Protecting your baby against meningitis and septicaemia

Protecting your baby against meningitis and septicaemia Protecting your baby against meningitis and septicaemia caused by meningococcal B bacteria MenB vaccine now available! Information about the MenB vaccine and recommended paracetamol use mmunisation The

More information

In Long Beach, services are available Tuesday & Thursday 9 a.m.-12 p.m. and 1-4 p.m. Call for information.

In Long Beach, services are available Tuesday & Thursday 9 a.m.-12 p.m. and 1-4 p.m. Call for information. In recognition of April being National STD Awareness Month, let s take some time to understand the impact of sexually transmitted diseases in Los Angeles. In Los Angeles County the two groups most impacted

More information

The State Hospital HIV / AIDS

The State Hospital HIV / AIDS The State Hospital HIV / AIDS The red ribbon is the international symbol of HIV & AIDS awareness. What is HIV? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus: H is for Human - This virus infects human beings.

More information

Salivary Gland Disorders

Salivary Gland Disorders Salivary Gland Disorders Introduction Located in your mouth and throat, the salivary glands make saliva. Saliva is the watery fluid in the mouth. There are many problems that can affect the salivary glands.

More information

LARGE PRINT VERSION. PRINT A4 SIZE (TEXT >16pt) PREGNANT? LUNG DISEASE? HEART DISEASE? CANCER? OBESITY? DIABETES? LONG-TERM ILLNESS?

LARGE PRINT VERSION. PRINT A4 SIZE (TEXT >16pt) PREGNANT? LUNG DISEASE? HEART DISEASE? CANCER? OBESITY? DIABETES? LONG-TERM ILLNESS? LARGE PRINT VERSION. PRINT A4 SIZE (TEXT >16pt) PREGNANT? LUNG DISEASE? HEART DISEASE? CANCER? OBESITY? DIABETES? LONG-TERM ILLNESS? SWINE IT STOPS FOR YOU Getting the Swine Flu vaccine will protect you

More information

HOW MANY PATIENTS SUFFER FROM POST-OPERATIVE SEPSIS? WHAT IS SEPSIS?

HOW MANY PATIENTS SUFFER FROM POST-OPERATIVE SEPSIS? WHAT IS SEPSIS? SEPSIS: Information About Post-Operative Sepsis for Patients and Relatives WHAT IS SEPSIS? Sepsis is a life threatening condition that arises when the body s response to an infection injures its own tissues

More information

School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences INFORMATION FOR HEALTH CARE STUDENTS RE: VACCINATIONS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES

School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences INFORMATION FOR HEALTH CARE STUDENTS RE: VACCINATIONS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences INFORMATION FOR HEALTH CARE STUDENTS RE: VACCINATIONS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES Adults as well as children need protection against infectious diseases. As Health

More information

H1N1 Swine Flu. The H1N1 flu is also called the Swine Flu. Here is some important. how it is spread, how to protect yourself and others

H1N1 Swine Flu. The H1N1 flu is also called the Swine Flu. Here is some important. how it is spread, how to protect yourself and others H1N1 Swine Flu The H1N1 flu is also called the Swine Flu. Here is some important information about this flu: how it is spread, how to protect yourself and others what to do if you get it. What is H1N1?

More information

Pertussis (whooping cough) immunisation for pregnant women

Pertussis (whooping cough) immunisation for pregnant women Factsheet September 2012 Pertussis (whooping cough) immunisation for pregnant women Immunisation DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH Rheynn Slaynt The routine childhood immunisation programme has been very effective

More information

2009 Novel H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Key Points

2009 Novel H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Key Points General Information 2009 Novel H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Key Points Messages: Please be patient. Vaccine will be coming. Meanwhile, use other prevention methods such as hand washing, covering coughs and sneezes,

More information

NHS FORTH VALLEY. Administration of VZIG in close contact with chicken pox or shingles in a pregnant woman. Unit Clinical Governance

NHS FORTH VALLEY. Administration of VZIG in close contact with chicken pox or shingles in a pregnant woman. Unit Clinical Governance NHS FORTH VALLEY Date of First Issue 01/04/2006 Approved 05/05/2012 Current Issue Date 18/09/2012 Review Date 18/09/2016 Version 1.2 EQIA Yes 01/04/2012 Author / Contact Group Committee Final Approval

More information

What Every Pregnant Woman Needs to Know About Cesarean Section. Be informed. Know your rights. Protect yourself. Protect your baby.

What Every Pregnant Woman Needs to Know About Cesarean Section. Be informed. Know your rights. Protect yourself. Protect your baby. Be informed. Know your rights. Protect yourself. Protect your baby. What Every Pregnant Woman Needs to Know About Cesarean Section 2012 Childbirth Connection If you re expecting a baby, there s a good

More information