TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1: BASIC CONSTANTS, UNITS, AND CONVERSION FACTORS

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1 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1: BASIC CONSTANTS, UNITS, AND CONVERSION FACTORS Fundamental Physical Constants Standard Atomic Weights (1995) Atomic Masses and Abundances Electron Configuration of Neutral Atoms in the Ground State International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90) Conversion of Temperatures from the 1948 and 1968 Scales to ITS International System of Units (SI) Conversion Factors Conversion of Temperatures Conversion Factors for Energy Units Conversion Factors for Pressure Units Conversion Factors for Thermal Conductivity Units Conversion Factors for Electrical Resistivity Units Conversion Factors for Chemical Kinetics Conversion Factors for Ionizing Radiation Values of the Gas Constant in Different Unit Systems SECTION 2: SYMBOLS, TERMINOLOGY, AND NOMENCLATURE Symbols and Terminology for Physical and Chemical Quantities Nomenclature of Chemical Compounds Nomenclature for Inorganic Ions and Ligands Organic Substituent Groups and Ring Systems Scientific Abbreviations and Symbols Greek, Russian, and Hebrew Alphabets Definitions of Scientific Terms SECTION 3: PHYSICAL CONSTANTS OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Physical Constants of Organic Compounds Structure Diagrams for Table of Physical Constants Synonym Index Molecular Formula Index CAS Registry Number Index SECTION 4: PROPERTIES OF THE ELEMENTS AND INORGANIC COMPOUNDS The Elements Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds Synonym Index of Inorganic Compounds CAS Registry Number Index of Inorganic Compounds Physical Properties of the Rare Earth Metals Melting, Boiling, and Critical Temperatures of the Elements Heat Capacity of the Elements at 25 C Vapor Pressure of the Metallic Elements Density of Molten Elements and Representative Salts Index of Refraction of Inorganic Liquids Physical and Optical Properties of Minerals Crystallographic Data on Minerals SECTION 5: THERMOCHEMISTRY, ELECTROCHEMISTRY, AND KINETICS CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics Standard Thermodynamic Properties of Chemical Substances Thermodynamic Properties as a Function of Temperature

2 Thermodynamic Properties of Aqueous Systems Heat of Combustion Molar Conductivity of Aqueous HF, HCl, HBr, and HI Standard Solutions for Calibrating Conductivity Cells Equivalent Conductivity of Electrolytes in Aqueous Solution Ionic Conductivity and Diffusion at Infinite Dilution Activity Coefficients of Acids, Bases, and Salts Mean Activity Coefficients of Electrolytes as a Function of Concentration Enthalpy of Dilution of Acids Enthalpy of Solution of Electrolytes Kinetic and Photochemical Data for Atmospheric Chemistry Kinetic Data for Combustion Modelling SECTION 6: FLUID PROPERTIES Thermodynamic Properties of Air Properties of Water in the Range C Enthalpy of Vaporization of Water Fixed Point Properties of H2O and D2O Thermal Conductivity of Saturated H2O and D2O Standard Density of Water Volumetric Properties of Aqueous Sodium Chloride Solutions Density of D2O Vapor Pressure of Ice Vapor Pressure of Water from 0 to 370 C Boiling Point of Water at Various Pressures Melting Point of Ice as a Function of Pressure Steam Tables Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Water at Various Frequencies Thermophysical Properties of Fluids Virial Coefficients of Selected Gases Van der Waals Constants for Gases Mean Free Path and Related Properties of Gases Influence of Pressure on Freezing Points Critical Constants Sublimation Pressure of Solids Vapor Pressure Vapor Pressure of Fluids at Temperatures below 300 K IUPAC Recommended Data for Vapor Pressure Calibration Enthalpy of Vaporization Enthalpy of Fusion Pressure and Temperature Dependence of Liquid Density Properties of Cryogenic Fluids Halocarbon Refrigerants Density and Specific Volume of Mercury Thermal Properties of Mercury Surface Tension of Common Liquids Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Liquids Temperature Dependence of the Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Liquids Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Gases Azeotropic Data for Binary Mixtures Viscosity of Gases Viscosity of Liquids Viscosity of Aqueous Solutions Thermal Conductivity of Gases

3 Thermal Conductivity of Liquids Diffusion in Gases Diffusion Coefficients in Liquids at Infinite Dilution SECTION 7: BIOCHEMISTRY Properties of Common Amino Acids Structures of Common Amino Acids Properties of Purine and Pyrimidine Bases The Genetic Code Properties of Selected Fatty Acids Biological Buffers Typical ph Values of Biological Materials and Foods Chemical Composition of the Human Body SECTION 8: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Preparation of Special Analytical Reagents Standard Solutions of Acids, Bases, and Salts Standard Solutions of Oxidation and Reduction Reagents Organic Analytical Reagents for the Determination of Inorganic Substances Acid-Base Indicators Fluorescent Indicators Conversion Formulas for Concentration of Solutions Electrochemical Series Reduction and Oxidation Potentials for Certain Ion Radicals ph Scale for Aqueous Solutions Practical ph Measurements on Natural Waters Buffer Solutions Giving Round Values of ph at 25 C Dissociation Constants of Inorganic Acids and Bases Dissociation Constants of Organic Acids and Bases Density, Refractive Index, Freezing Point Depression, and Viscosity of Aqueous Solutions Ion Product of Water Substance Ionization Constant of Normal and Heavy Water Solubility of Selected Gases in Water Solubility of Carbon Dioxide in Water at Various Temperatures and Pressures Aqueous Solubility and Henry s Law Constants of Organic Compounds Aqueous Solubility of Inorganic Compounds at Various Temperatures Solubility Product Constants Solubility Chart Reduction of Weighings in Air to Vacuo Solvents for Liquid Chromatography Properties of Carrier Gases for Gas Chromatography Solvents for Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry C-13 Chemical Shifts of Useful NMR Solvents Mass Spectral Peaks of Common Organic Solvents SECTION 9: MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND SPECTROSCOPY Bond Lengths in Crystalline Organic Compounds Bond Lengths and Angles in Gas-Phase Molecules Dipole Moments of Molecules in the Gas Phase Strengths of Chemical Bonds Electronegativity Force Constants for Bond Stretching Fundamental Vibrational Frequencies of Small Molecules Infrared Correlation Charts

4 Nuclear Spins, Moments, and Other Data Related to NMR Spectroscopy Proton NMR Chemical Shifts for Characteristic Organic Structures C NMR Absorptions of Major Functional Groups SECTION 10: ATOMIC, MOLECULAR, AND OPTICAL PHYSICS Line Spectra of the Elements NIST Atomic Transition Probability Tables Electron Affinities Atomic and Molecular Polarizabilities Ionization Potentials of Atoms and Atomic Ions Ionization Energies of Gas-Phase Molecules X-Ray Atomic Energy Levels Electron Binding Energies of the Elements Natural Width of X-Ray Lines Photon Attenuation Coefficients Classification of Electromagnetic Radiation Black Body Radiation Characteristics of Infrared Detectors Refractive Index and Transmittance of Representative Glasses Index of Refraction of Water Index of Refraction of Liquids for Calibration Purposes Index of Refraction of Air Characteristics of Laser Sources Infrared Laser Frequencies Infrared and Far-Infrared Absorption Frequency Standards SECTION 11: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS Summary Tables of Particle Properties Table of the Isotopes Neutron Scattering and Absorption Properties Cosmic Radiation SECTION 12: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS Techniques for Materials Characterization Symmetry of Crystals Ionic Radii in Crystals Polarizability of Atoms and Ions in Solids Crystal Structures and Lattice Parameters of Allotropes of the Elements Lattice Energies The Madelung Constant and Crystal Lattice Energy Elastic Constants of Single Crystals Electrical Resistivity of Pure Metals Electrical Resistivity of Selected Alloys Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Inorganic Solids Curie Temperature of Selected Ferroelectric Crystals Properties of Antiferroelectric Crystals Dielectric Constants of Glasses Properties of Superconductors High Temperature Superconductors Organic Superconductors Properties of Semiconductors Diffusion Data for Semiconductors Properties of Magnetic Materials

5 Electron Work Functions of the Elements Secondary Electron Emission Optical Properties of Metals and Semiconductors Elasto-optic, Electro-optic, and Magneto-optic Constants Nonlinear Optical Constants Phase Diagrams Heat Capacity of Selected Solids Thermal and Physical Properties of Pure Metals Thermal Conductivity of Metals and Semiconductors as a Function of Temperature Thermal Conductivity of Alloys as a Function of Temperature Thermal Conductivity of Crystalline Dielectrics Thermal Conductivity of Ceramics and Other Insulating Materials Thermal Conductivity of Glasses Commercial Metals and Alloys Hardness of Minerals and Ceramics SECTION 13: POLYMER PROPERTIES Naming Organic Polymers Solvents for Common Polymers Glass Transition Temperature for Selected Polymers Dielectric Constant of Selected Polymers SECTION 14: GEOPHYSICS, ASTRONOMY, AND ACOUSTICS Astronomical Constants Properties of the Solar System Satellites of the Planets Mass, Dimensions, and other Parameters of the Earth Geological Time Scale Acceleration Due to Gravity Density, Pressure, and Gravity as a Function of Depth within the Earth Ocean Pressure as a Function of Depth and Latitude Properties of Seawater Abundance of Elements in the Earth s Crust and in the Sea Solar Spectral Irradiance U.S. Standard Atmosphere (1976) Geographical and Seasonal Variation in Solar Radiation Infrared Absorption by the Earth s Atmosphere Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, Mean Temperatures in the United States, Atmospheric Electricity Speed of Sound in Various Media Attenuation and Speed of Sound in Air as a Function of Humidity and Frequency Speed of Sound in Dry Air Musical Scales SECTION 15: PRACTICAL LABORATORY DATA Standard ITS-90 Thermocouple Tables Properties of Common Laboratory Solvents Dependence of Boiling Point on Pressure Ebullioscopic Constants for Calculation of Boiling Point Elevation Cryogenic Constants for Calculation of Freezing Point Depression Determination of Relative Humidity from Dew Point Determination of Relative Humidity from Wet and Dry Bulb Temperatures Constant Humidity Solutions

6 Standard Salt Solutions for Humidity Calibration Low Temperature Baths for Maintaining Constant Temperature Wire Tables Characteristics of Particles and Particle Dispersoids Density of Various Solids SECTION 16: HEALTH AND SAFETY INFORMATION Handling and Disposal of Chemicals in Laboratories Flammability of Chemical Substances Threshold Limit Values for Airborne Contaminants Octanol-Water Partition Coefficients Protection Against Ionizing Radiation Annual Limits on Intakes of Radionuclides Chemical Carcinogens APPENDIX A: MATHEMATICAL TABLES Miscellaneous Mathematical Constants... A-1 Exponential and Hyperbolic Functions and their Common Logarithms... A-2 Natural Trigonomic Functions to Four Places... A-7 Relation of Angular Functions in Terms of One Another... A-11 Derivatives... A-12 Integration... A-15 Integrals... A-20 Differential Equations... A-65 Fourier Series... A-75 The Fourier Transforms... A-80 Series Expansion... A-84 Vector Analysis... A-87 Moment of Inertial for Various Bodies of Mass... A-96 Bessel Functions... A-96 The Gamma Function... A-99 The Beta Function... A-101 The Error Function... A-101 Orthogonal Polynomials... A-102 Normal Probability Function... A-104 Percentage Points, Student s t-distribution... A-105 Percentage Points, Chi-Square Distribution... A-105 Percentage Points, F-Distribution... A-106 INDEX...I-1

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