The Human Body - Common Exam Review

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Human Body - Common Exam Review"

Transcription

1 The Human ody - ommon Exam Review Name: ate: 1. Which list shows different levels or organization within a population ordered from least to most complex? 3.. organ systems, organs, organelles, organisms. organelles, organs, organ systems, organisms. organisms, organ systems, organs, organelles. organs, organelles, organisms, organ systems What is the significance of a major loss of blood on the human body? Explain your answer fully. 2. patient suffering from a sore throat goes to a doctor in a hospital to get a check-up. uring the exam the doctor collects the following information: 4. The students in an engineering class built a robot that stacks wooden blocks. built-in computer controls the movement of the robot. The computer in the robot performs a function most similar to which part of the human body?. lungs. heart. brain. arms The doctor strikes the patient s knee with a small rubber hammer and observes the reaction. The doctor is checking the.. nervous system. muscular system. circulatory system. skeletal system 5. Which body system s primary function is the continuation of the species?. digestive. nervous. excretory. reproductive page 1

2 6. In the human body, which system functions primarily to defend the body against disease? 8. The diagram below shows a major system of the human body.. digestive. immune. nervous. respiratory 7. The numbered drawings below show the organization within a multicellular organism from simple to complex. Which of the following best describes the function of this system?. absorbing nutrients from food. protecting the body from infection. exchanging gases with the environment. responding to stimuli in the environment 9. What is the primary function of the large?. to digest proteins. to absorb nutrients. to break down complex carbohydrates Which of these numbered drawings represents a tissue?. to remove water from undigested waste apillaries are part of which body system?. skeletal system. nervous system. digestive system. circulatory system page 2 The Human ody - ommon Exam Review

3 11. Which of the following is one of the functions of the human skeleton?. producing hormones. bringing gases into the body. removing waste from the body. providing a site for blood cell formation 15. When Lance goes jogging, his heart rate increases to pump blood faster and supply his muscles with more oxygen. Which of the following helps to maintain homeostasis in response to this increase in heart rate?. an increase in digestion. an increase in respiration. a decrease in perspiration. a decrease in bone growth 12. Which of the following is the best example of an organism maintaining homeostasis?. a wolf panting after a chase. a spider catching an insect in a web. a cricket becoming infected by a virus. a mole digging tunnels in the ground 16. Which of the following body systems is responsible for receiving stimuli from the environment and coordinating the body s response to these stimuli?. respiratory system. nervous system. digestive system. circulatory system 13. Which of the following is the basic structural unit of the nervous system?. axon. neuron. red blood cell. white blood cell 17. The cells of the nasal cavity and the trachea are lined with cilia. Which of the following describes a purpose of the cilia?. to cool air that is entering the respiratory system 14. Which of the following organs removes extra water from the blood to keep the amount of fluid in the bloodstream at the proper level?. kidneys. liver. pancreas. stomach. to help move trapped particles out of the respiratory system. to help produce sound as air moves out of the respiratory system. to increase the surface area for gas exchange in the respiratory system page 3 The Human ody - ommon Exam Review

4 18. Which of the following is a body system response that adjusts body temperature when it is higher than normal?. reathing rate begins to decrease.. lood vessels near the skin constrict.. Sweat glands produce and secrete sweat.. Hormones increase the metabolic rate of the liver. 22. The structure of the digestive tube in the grasshopper and earthworm consists of many folds. The folds affect the efficiency of food absorption by which of the following functions?. increasing surface area. reducing transpiration. increasing hormone secretion. reducing storage of sugar 19. Heartburn is pain that occurs when acidic gastric juice is forced out of the upper end of the stomach. In which of the following organs does a person experience heartburn?. pancreas. esophagus. small. large 23. Which two systems primarily function to rid the human body of the wastes resulting from cellular energy production?. excretory and skeletal systems. nervous and endocrine systems. circulatory and digestive systems. respiratory and circulatory systems 20. Which of the following is a function of the liver?. removing toxic compounds from the blood. secreting digestive enzymes into the stomach. producing white blood cells to fight infections. converting food into smaller nutrient molecules 21. How does exposure to cigarette smoke contribute to an asthma attack? 24. Which is a primary function that kidneys perform for the excretory system?. They control sensory input using nerve cells.. They conduct chemical digestion using hormones.. They remove waste from blood using fi ltration structures.. They exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide using capillaries.. by decreasing blood pressure. by causing mutations in cells. by irritating the respiratory tract. by reducing insulin levels 25. Which structure completes the circulatory pathway? heart artery? vein heart. aorta. atrium. ventricle. capillary page 4 The Human ody - ommon Exam Review

5 26. Which sequence shows the pathway that food takes in the digestive system? 31. The diagram below shows a human heart.. stomach, esophagus, large, small. esophagus, stomach, large, small. stomach, esophagus, small, large. esophagus, stomach, small, large 27. Which of the following is a harmful waste material that leaves the blood and travels through the lungs before leaving the body? When contracted, the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood to the body. What is the purpose of the aortic valve that separates the left ventricle from the aorta?. O 2. O 2. H 2 O. Nal. to prevent blood from flowing back into the left ventricle. to prevent blood from flowing into the aorta 28. Where does oxygen-rich blood go after leaving the lungs?. to push blood into the left ventricle. to push blood into the aorta. the brain. the heart. the kidney. the stomach 29. The digestion process begins in which of the following?. large. mouth. small. stomach 30. Which of the following pairs provides structural support for a human?. skin and blood. bones and muscles. spine and heart. brain and nerves 32. Use the information below to answer the following question(s). Hummingbirds need large amounts of energy to flap their wings between 60 and 200 times per second. Their wings beat so rapidly that it is difficult to see them move. They often appear suspended in air for extended periods of time without changing their location. Hummingbirds have long bills and grooved tongues to reach into flowers to feed on flower nectar. They also feed on insects. The body system most directly interacting with the skeletal system to enable hummingbirds to beat their wings between 60 and 200 times per second is the. digestive system. muscular system. endocrine system. circulatory system page 5 The Human ody - ommon Exam Review

6 33. Use the information and the diagram below to answer the following question(s). rteriosclerosis is a disease which clogs arteries in the human body. In arteriosclerosis, artery walls become thick. Fatty deposits build up on inner walls of arteries. This condition reduces the ability of arteries to perform their function. The diagram below shows a comparison between a healthy artery and one with arteriosclerosis. OMPRISON OF TWO RTERIES 34. Lou Gehrig s disease disrupts the function of motor neurons (nerve cells) that control the movement of limbs and other body parts. Which body system is most likely to be directly affected by this disease?. the endocrine system. the digestive system. the circulatory system. the muscular system Healthy rtery rtery With rteriosclerosis Which body function is most affected by arteriosclerosis?. circulating blood to tissues. assembling amino acids into proteins. replacing damaged cells with new cells. breaking down food particles into molecules 35. single-celled organism, such as the amoeba, uses its cell membrane to take in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. Which organ system in humans has the same function as the cell membrane of the amoeba?. circulatory. digestive. nervous. respiratory page 6 The Human ody - ommon Exam Review

7 Problem-ttic format version c Educide Software Licensed for use by Emma ouch Terms of Use at The Human ody - ommon Exam Review 05/08/

By Casey Schmidt and Wendy Ford

By Casey Schmidt and Wendy Ford By Casey Schmidt and Wendy Ford Body systems Digestive System Circulatory System Respiratory System Excretory System Immune System Reproductive System Nervous System Muscular System Skeletal System Endocrine

More information

2161-1 - Page 1. Name: 1) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. Questions 10 and 11 refer to the following:

2161-1 - Page 1. Name: 1) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. Questions 10 and 11 refer to the following: Name: 2161-1 - Page 1 1) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. a disease of the bone marrow characterized by uncontrolled production of white blood cells A) meningitis B)

More information

Engage: Brainstorming Body Systems. Record the structures and function of each body system in the table below.

Engage: Brainstorming Body Systems. Record the structures and function of each body system in the table below. Engage: Brainstorming Body s Record the structures and function of each body system in the table below. Body Nervous Circulatory Excretory Immune Digestive Respiratory Skeletal Muscular Endocrine Integumentary

More information

Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1

Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1 Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1 1. Removing part of gland D would most likely result in A. a decrease in the secretions of other glands B. a decrease in the blood calcium level C. an increase in

More information

Grade 5 Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 3: Basic Structures of Organisms Lesson 1: Basic Structures of Organisms

Grade 5 Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 3: Basic Structures of Organisms Lesson 1: Basic Structures of Organisms Grade 5 Science Unit B: Life Science Chapter 3: Basic Structures of Organisms Lesson 1: Basic Structures of Organisms Organism A form of life that is considered as an entity; an animal, plant, fungus,

More information

CELLS AND BODY SYSTEMS

CELLS AND BODY SYSTEMS CELLS ND BODY SYSTEMS Scientists have recently discovered a new species that lives attached to the side of a tree. n organism from this new species is multicellular has cell walls has vascular tissues

More information

BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES

BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES 1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology, and explain their relationship using an example of a human structure with its corresponding function. A. ANATOMY = the study of

More information

ANSWER KEY. 6. Spiracles are small holes on the sides of an insect s abdomen. These holes enable the insect

ANSWER KEY. 6. Spiracles are small holes on the sides of an insect s abdomen. These holes enable the insect ANSWER KEY 1. Growth and development occur in all living organisms. When this organ in a human gets worn away it is replaced A. liver B. lung C. skin D. kidney 2. Energy is the ability to do make things

More information

THE HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS

THE HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS Name Period Date THE HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS System Function Diagram Major Organs Digestive 1. take in food (ingestion) 2. digest food into smaller molecules and absorb nutrients 3. remove undigestable food

More information

Human Body Systems Project By Eva McLanahan

Human Body Systems Project By Eva McLanahan Human Body Systems Project By Eva McLanahan Students will work in groups to research one of the eleven body systems as found in Holt, Rinehart, and Winston Modern Biology (2002). Research will focus on

More information

ORGAN SYSTEMS OF THE BODY

ORGAN SYSTEMS OF THE BODY ORGAN SYSTEMS OF THE BODY DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS A. Organ a structure made up of two or more kinds of tissues organized in such a way that they can together perform a more complex function that can any

More information

Animal Systems: The Digestive System

Animal Systems: The Digestive System Animal Systems: The Digestive System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

Our Human Body On-site student activities Years 5 6

Our Human Body On-site student activities Years 5 6 Our Human Body On-site student activities Years 5 6 Our Human Body On-site student activities: Years 5-6 Student activity (and record) sheets have been developed with alternative themes for students to

More information

6023-1 - Page 1. Name: 4) The diagram below represents a beaker containing a solution of various molecules involved in digestion.

6023-1 - Page 1. Name: 4) The diagram below represents a beaker containing a solution of various molecules involved in digestion. Name: 6023-1 - Page 1 1) Which one of the following situations indicates a serious organ system malfunction? A) Mitochondria stop functioning in a unicellular organism exposed to pollutants. B) White blood

More information

Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular System Cardiovascular System The cardiovascular systems function is to pump blood and deliver it to the rest of the body. The cardiovascular system is most closely related to the circulatory system. The blood

More information

Introduction to Animal Systems

Introduction to Animal Systems Human Body Systems Introduction to Animal Systems Recurring Themes in Biology 1. Correlation between structure and function( seen at many levels) 2. Life is organized at many levels from Smallest ----

More information

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. 7 th edition Marieb, Elaine, 2003. Chapters 10-11. Lab Manual, 2 nd edition and coloring book, 7 th edition

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. 7 th edition Marieb, Elaine, 2003. Chapters 10-11. Lab Manual, 2 nd edition and coloring book, 7 th edition Topic/Unit: Anatomy & Physiology Circulatory System Curricular Goals/ Learning Outcomes: Students will be able to identify the composition of blood and its function. Students will be able to differentiate

More information

Investigating the Human Body On-site student activities: Years 7-8 Investigating the Human Body On-site student activities Years 7 8

Investigating the Human Body On-site student activities: Years 7-8 Investigating the Human Body On-site student activities Years 7 8 Investigating the Human Body On-site student activities Years 7 8 Student activity (and record) sheets have been developed with alternative themes for students to use as guides and focus material during

More information

Some Background Concerning Life Science Content Standards for Fifth-Grade Teachers:

Some Background Concerning Life Science Content Standards for Fifth-Grade Teachers: Some Background Concerning Life Science Content Standards for Fifth-Grade Teachers: Human Body Systems by Ellen Deehan, M.S. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Biological Context: Internal Structures of Organisms

More information

12.1: The Function of Circulation page 478

12.1: The Function of Circulation page 478 12.1: The Function of Circulation page 478 Key Terms: Circulatory system, heart, blood vessel, blood, open circulatory system, closed circulatory system, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, aorta, atrioventricular

More information

UNIT 3 : MAINTAINING DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM

UNIT 3 : MAINTAINING DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM BIOLOGY - 2201 UNIT 3 : MAINTAINING DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM What happens to your body as you run? Breathing, heart rate, temperature, muscle pain, thirsty... Homeotasis Homeostasis is the process of maintaining

More information

Cells, tissues and organs

Cells, tissues and organs Chapter 8: Cells, tissues and organs Cells: building blocks of life Living things are made of cells. Many of the chemical reactions that keep organisms alive (metabolic functions) take place in cells.

More information

North Bergen School District Benchmarks

North Bergen School District Benchmarks Grade: 10,11, and 12 Subject: Anatomy and Physiology First Marking Period Define anatomy and physiology, and describe various subspecialties of each discipline. Describe the five basic functions of living

More information

Digestive: Practice Questions # 1

Digestive: Practice Questions # 1 Digestive: Practice Questions # 1 1. The end products of digestion enter the cells of a vertebrate by the process of A. absorption B. osmosis C. emulsification D. egestion 2. In humans, structures that

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

HUMAN ANATOMY for CNA's & HHA's

HUMAN ANATOMY for CNA's & HHA's HUMAN ANATOMY for CNA's & HHA's INTRODUCTION Anatomy is the study of the structure of the organs and tissues of the human body. Our bodies are made up of tiny, microscopic building blocks called cells.

More information

The Circulatory System. Chapter 17 Lesson 1

The Circulatory System. Chapter 17 Lesson 1 The Circulatory System Chapter 17 Lesson 1 Functions of the Circulatory System Your circulatory system maintains an internal environment in which all the cells in your body are nourished. As your heart

More information

Magic School Bus Digestive System Brainpop Digestive System

Magic School Bus Digestive System Brainpop Digestive System The Digestive System Magic School Bus Digestive System Brainpop Digestive System 1 Functions of the Digestive System: 1. Break up food into smaller pieces 2. Absorbing nutrients into the blood 3. Excreting

More information

Chapter 48. Nutrients in Food. Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Lipids. Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Lipids, continued

Chapter 48. Nutrients in Food. Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Lipids. Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Lipids, continued Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Lipids The three nutrients needed by the body in the greatest amounts are carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. Nutrients in Food All of these nutrients are called organic compounds,

More information

Chapter 16: Circulation

Chapter 16: Circulation Section 1 (The Body s Transport System) Chapter 16: Circulation 7 th Grade Cardiovascular system (the circulatory system) includes the heart, blood vessels, and blood carries needed substances to the cells

More information

Fourth Grade The Human Body: The Respiratory System Assessment

Fourth Grade The Human Body: The Respiratory System Assessment Fourth Grade The Human Body: The Respiratory System Assessment 1a. The brings air in and out of the body. a. respiratory system b. circulatory system 1b. The system is the part of the body responsible

More information

10.2 The Human Digestive System pg. 411

10.2 The Human Digestive System pg. 411 10.2 The Human Digestive System pg. 411 The human digestive system is made up of a group of organs working together. The digestive tract is made up of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and

More information

CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION Objectives Identify the meaning of 10 or more terms relating to the organization of the body Describe the properties of life Describe the function for the structures of the

More information

Chetek-Weyerhaeuser High School

Chetek-Weyerhaeuser High School Chetek-Weyerhaeuser High School Anatomy and Physiology Units and Anatomy and Physiology A Unit 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology (6 days) Essential Question: How do the systems of the human

More information

The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System Work Hard. Get Smart. On Task 100% Effort Physician s Name: Class: 8 Date: Pen/Pencil Mrs. Bouchard 8 th On time Grade Science Academic Language 1. The respiratory system. It from the outside environment.

More information

33.1 The Circulatory System

33.1 The Circulatory System 33.1 The Circulatory System Lesson Objectives Identify the functions of the human circulatory system. Describe the structure of the heart and explain how it pumps blood through the body. Name three types

More information

CHAPTER 1: THE LUNGS AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

CHAPTER 1: THE LUNGS AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM CHAPTER 1: THE LUNGS AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Lung cancer affects a life-sustaining system of the body, the respiratory system. The respiratory system is responsible for one of the essential

More information

Introduction to Animals

Introduction to Animals Introduction to Animals Unity and Diversity of Life Q: What characteristics and traits define animals? 25.1 What is an animal? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: Animals are different from other living things

More information

Human Body Review #3: Digestive System

Human Body Review #3: Digestive System Name: Class: Date: Human Body Review #3: Digestive System Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence

More information

Cells and Systems Unit 2 Test

Cells and Systems Unit 2 Test Cells and Systems Unit 2 Test Student Name Class 1. Characteristics of living organisms include all of the following, EXCEPT... A. they need energy and produce wastes B. they reproduce and grow C. they

More information

Pre-requisites: Successful completion of 4th grade science and the 4th grade science assessment.

Pre-requisites: Successful completion of 4th grade science and the 4th grade science assessment. Throughout each unit, assessments are incorporated into lessons. These assessments are activities that occur within the context of each lesson providing the guidelines for assessing students' progress.

More information

The human respiratory system includes the nose, the larynx, and the lungs. This body system helps maintain homeostasis by

The human respiratory system includes the nose, the larynx, and the lungs. This body system helps maintain homeostasis by Study Island 1. During heatstroke, the body can't dispose of excess heat. As a result, the homeostatic balance is disturbed, and internal body temperatures can reach as much as 110. Heatstroke is dangerous

More information

Fifth Grade Cells: Structures and Processes Assessment

Fifth Grade Cells: Structures and Processes Assessment Fifth Grade Cells: Structures and Processes Assessment 1a. All living things are made up of. a. cells b. tissues c. organisms d. systems 1b. All living things are made up of. 1c. Explain what cells are

More information

tissues are made of cells that work together, organs are )

tissues are made of cells that work together, organs are ) Study Guide Cells Unit Test Matching. Write the letter of the correct response on the line. You may use the responses more than once. A. proteins B. simple carbohydrates C. complex carbohydrates D. lipids

More information

Topic 4: Digestion and Nutrition

Topic 4: Digestion and Nutrition Topic 4: Digestion and Nutrition THE CONTENTS OF FOOD Food contains nutrients: Nutrients include: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Nutrients must be small enough to enter our cells. If they are too large they must be digested

More information

67 The Human Skeleton

67 The Human Skeleton 67 The Human Skeleton Skull SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. Clavicle (collarbone) Scapula (shoulder blade) Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Femur Tibia Humerus Ulna Sternum (breastbone)

More information

Chapter 28: Page 344

Chapter 28: Page 344 Chapter 28: Page 344 Chapter 28: Page 345 The pancreas is responsible for generating enzymes to help the small intestines digest your food. It also sends out hormones to the liver to help regulate sugar

More information

CHAPTER 2 : CELL AS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIFE

CHAPTER 2 : CELL AS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIFE CHAPTER 2 : CELL AS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIFE Parts of microscope : An instrument that magnifies minute objects so they can be seen easily. It is one of the most important tools of science. Physicians and

More information

Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 24A Chapter 24A: Human Skin

Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 24A Chapter 24A: Human Skin Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 24A Chapter 24A: Human Skin Human Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System You may refer to pages 386-394 in your textbook for a general discussion of the integumentary

More information

Paramedic Program Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide

Paramedic Program Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide Paramedic Program Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide Define the terms anatomy and physiology. List and discuss in order of increasing complexity, the body from the cell to the whole organism. Define the

More information

Respiration occurs in the mitochondria in cells.

Respiration occurs in the mitochondria in cells. B3 Question Which process occurs in the mitochondria in cells? Why do the liver and muscle cells have large number of mitochondria? What is the function of the ribosomes? Answer Respiration occurs in the

More information

Functions of Blood System. Blood Cells

Functions of Blood System. Blood Cells Functions of Blood System Transport: to and from tissue cells Nutrients to cells: amino acids, glucose, vitamins, minerals, lipids (as lipoproteins). Oxygen: by red blood corpuscles (oxyhaemoglobin - 4

More information

The Excretory and Digestive Systems

The Excretory and Digestive Systems The Excretory and Digestive Systems 38.2 The Process of Digestion Organs of the Digestive System The digestive system includes the: Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Stomach Small and large intestine. Other structures

More information

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM WORKSHEET

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM WORKSHEET SBI3C DIGESTIVE SYSTEM WORKSHEET NAME: DATE: 1. Label the following diagram with the following terms: Ilium Large Intestine Salivary Gland Anus Mouth Epiglottis Trachea Esophagus Pharynx Jejunum Pancreas

More information

The Body s Transport System

The Body s Transport System Circulation Name Date Class The Body s Transport System This section describes how the heart, blood vessels, and blood work together to carry materials throughout the body. Use Target Reading Skills As

More information

Chapter 19 Ci C r i cula l t a i t o i n

Chapter 19 Ci C r i cula l t a i t o i n Chapter 19 Circulation A closed system Circulatory System Consisting of Heart, Arteries, Veins, Capillaries, Blood & the Lymphatic system Blood Make up The blood is made up of Plasma and three main types

More information

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM. A group of organs and tissues that collect fluid that leaks from blood and returns it to the blood.

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM. A group of organs and tissues that collect fluid that leaks from blood and returns it to the blood. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM A group of organs and tissues that collect fluid that leaks from blood and returns it to the blood. The lymphatic system is also part of the body s defense against disease. The lymph capillaries

More information

Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of the Chest and Lungs

Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of the Chest and Lungs C H A P T E R Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of the Chest and Lungs 1 1 Many health workers have difficulty understanding and interpreting the clinical signs and symptoms of respiratory diseases. With

More information

1 The diagram shows blood as seen under a microscope. Which identifies parts P, Q, R and S of the blood?

1 The diagram shows blood as seen under a microscope. Which identifies parts P, Q, R and S of the blood? 1 1 The diagram shows blood as seen under a microscope. Which identifies parts P, Q, R and S of the blood? 2 The plan shows the blood system of a mammal. What does the part labelled X represent? A heart

More information

CHAPTER 2: BLOOD CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORT

CHAPTER 2: BLOOD CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORT CHAPTER 2: BLOOD CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORT BLOOD CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORT HUMAN BEING PLANTS Function of heart Wilting Structure of heart Blood vessels: characteristics and functions Transpiration: function

More information

Welcome to the site that will help you prepare for the Name the Tissue and its Function game.

Welcome to the site that will help you prepare for the Name the Tissue and its Function game. Welcome to the site that will help you prepare for the Name the Tissue and its Function game. Questions to remember while you are practicing: a. What is the tissue type? b. What is its function? c. How

More information

Exchange and transport

Exchange and transport Exchange and transport Examples of things which need to be interchanged between an organism and its environment include: Respiratory gases Nutrients Excretory products Heat This exchange can take place

More information

H.W. 1 Bio 101 Prof. Fournier

H.W. 1 Bio 101 Prof. Fournier H.W. 1 Bio 101 Prof. Fournier 1. What is a similarity between all bacteria and plants? A) They both have a nucleus B) They are both composed of cells C) They both have chloroplasts D) They both lack a

More information

Barrier between plasma and. ECF and ICF. Homeostasis: process of maintaining consistent composition of body s extracellular fluid

Barrier between plasma and. ECF and ICF. Homeostasis: process of maintaining consistent composition of body s extracellular fluid : process of maintaining consistent composition of body s extracellular fluid Extracellular fluid (ECF) Fluid in which the cells live (fluid outside the cells) Major components: Plasma interstitial fluid

More information

Homeostasis and Transport Module A Anchor 4

Homeostasis and Transport Module A Anchor 4 Homeostasis and Transport Module A Anchor 4 Key Concepts: - Buffers play an important role in maintaining homeostasis in organisms. - To maintain homeostasis, unicellular organisms grow, respond to the

More information

Lesson Plan on Cells, Tissues, and Organs. Jay A. Haron, Ph.D.

Lesson Plan on Cells, Tissues, and Organs. Jay A. Haron, Ph.D. Cells, Tissues, and Organs 1 RUNNING TITLE: Cells, Tissues, and Organs Lesson Plans Lesson Plan on Cells, Tissues, and Organs Jay A. Haron, Ph.D. In partial fulfillment of requirements for TED 624 Professor

More information

Name Date Period. Keystone Review Enzymes

Name Date Period. Keystone Review Enzymes Name Date Period Keystone Review Enzymes 1. In order for cells to function properly, the enzymes that they contain must also function properly. What can be inferred using the above information? A. Cells

More information

Enzymes. A. a lipid B. a protein C. a carbohydrate D. a mineral

Enzymes. A. a lipid B. a protein C. a carbohydrate D. a mineral Enzymes 1. All cells in multicellular organisms contain thousands of different kinds of enzymes that are specialized to catalyze different chemical reactions. Given this information, which of the following

More information

Blood vessels. transport blood throughout the body

Blood vessels. transport blood throughout the body Circulatory System Parts and Organs Blood vessels transport blood throughout the body Arteries blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart Pulmonary arteries carry the deoxygenated blood from heart

More information

REVIEW for BIOLOGY UNIT TEST

REVIEW for BIOLOGY UNIT TEST REVIEW for BIOLOGY UNIT TEST NOTE: The Unit Test will cover everything we have learned in the Biology Unit, starting from cell structures, cell division, various organ systems, disorders, organ donation,

More information

Executive Summary Report

Executive Summary Report Glucose 65-99 mg/dl Glucose measures the amount of sugar in your blood. Glucose is the primary energy source in your body. Insulin (a natural hormone produced by the pancreas) controls how glucose is used

More information

within this time frame. The course is intended for those students who would like to Room 220

within this time frame. The course is intended for those students who would like to Room 220 Human Anatomy Instructor Dr. Donald Bowlin Phone 412-571-6000 Ext. 1220 Mission Statement The KOSD s mission is to provide a safe learning environment that prepares critical thinkers to become responsible

More information

10. T and B cells are types of a. endocrine cells. c. lymphocytes. b. platelets. d. complement cells.

10. T and B cells are types of a. endocrine cells. c. lymphocytes. b. platelets. d. complement cells. Virus and Immune System Review Directions: Write your answers on a separate piece of paper. 1. Why does a cut in the skin threaten the body s nonspecific defenses against disease? a. If a cut bleeds, disease-fighting

More information

Digestion, Absorption. How & where?

Digestion, Absorption. How & where? Digestion, Absorption How & where? What happens to food? Three processes Digestion Absorption Elimination Where do they occur? GI tract Overview of Digestion GI tract Gastrointestinal (GI) tract: series

More information

Genetic material of all living organisms. Biology - 100

Genetic material of all living organisms. Biology - 100 Genetic material of all living organisms. Biology - 100 This antibiotic is made from a fungus that was first discovered growing on an orange and it became the first antibiotic to treat infection. Biology

More information

Eating, pooping, and peeing THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

Eating, pooping, and peeing THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Ingested food is not technically in the body until it is absorbed so it needs to be: Mechanically and chemically reduced Transported by the blood to the cells Large portions are not

More information

National 3- Multicellular Organisms Revision

National 3- Multicellular Organisms Revision National 3- Multicellular Organisms Revision Key Area 1: Structure and function of organs and organ systems and their role in sustaining life. What you must know: The basic structure and functions of main

More information

Questions on The Nervous System and Gas Exchange

Questions on The Nervous System and Gas Exchange Name: Questions on The Nervous System and Gas Exchange Directions: The following questions are taken from previous IB Final Papers on Topics 6.4 (Gas Exchange) and 6.5 (Nerves, hormones and homeostasis).

More information

Topic 3.0 Healthy human function depends on a variety of interacting and reacting systems

Topic 3.0 Healthy human function depends on a variety of interacting and reacting systems Topic 3.0 Healthy human function depends on a variety of interacting and reacting systems Organ Systems Organ systems must have the ability to to changes within and outside of your body to maintain life

More information

Cockroach Dissection Scientific Background

Cockroach Dissection Scientific Background Cockroach Dissection Scientific Background One way to study an organism is to conduct a dissection. A dissection is a detailed investigation of that organism s organs and tissues. Using a virtual dissection

More information

Digestive System Why is digestion important? How is food digested? Physical Digestion and Movement

Digestive System Why is digestion important? How is food digested? Physical Digestion and Movement Digestive System The digestive system is made up of the digestive tract a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus and other organs that help the body break down

More information

Circulatory System Review

Circulatory System Review Circulatory System Review 1. Draw a table to describe the similarities and differences between arteries and veins? Anatomy Direction of blood flow: Oxygen concentration: Arteries Thick, elastic smooth

More information

INDIAN SCHOOL DARSAIT DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

INDIAN SCHOOL DARSAIT DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY INDIAN SCHOOL DARSAIT DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY Subject : BIOLOGY SA - Revision Worksheet Date of Worksheet: 07.09.06 Resource Persons: Zeena Sajan, Zehra Fatima & Subhaja Nandakumar Name of the Student :

More information

Section B: Epithelial Tissue 1. Where are epithelial tissues found within the body? 2. What are the functions of the epithelial tissues?

Section B: Epithelial Tissue 1. Where are epithelial tissues found within the body? 2. What are the functions of the epithelial tissues? Tissue worksheet Name Section A: Intro to Histology Cells are the smallest units of life. In complex organisms, cells group together with one another based on similar structure and function to form tissues.

More information

Anatomy and Physiology (ANPY) CTY Course Syllabus

Anatomy and Physiology (ANPY) CTY Course Syllabus Anatomy and Physiology (ANPY) CTY Course Syllabus When Key Points / Objectives Content Day 1 INTRODUCTION HOMEOSTASIS LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION Day 2 CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY GENETICS Day 3 INTEGUMENTARY

More information

Systems of the Human Body

Systems of the Human Body . s^^-^^. 0^^- B «*-^.^^^--"'- s»'"-^w.^*"' Systems of the Human Body The body is made up of an amazing group of systems. The systems of the body all work together and need each other to keep the body

More information

The Circulatory System

The Circulatory System The Circulatory System Rajat Goyal and Michelle Fater Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Human Organ Systems 2 The Circulatory System 3 Open Circulatory System 4 Closed Circulatory System 4 Functions

More information

Histology. Epithelial Tissue

Histology. Epithelial Tissue Histology Epithelial Tissue Epithelial Tissue Lines internal and external body surfaces Forms glands Epithelial Tissue Little extracellular matrix Attached on one side Avascular Basement membrane Apical

More information

Anatomi & Fysiologi The Cardiovascular System (Chapter 21) Types of blood vessels. Sympathetic innervation (ANS) of vascular smooth muscle

Anatomi & Fysiologi The Cardiovascular System (Chapter 21) Types of blood vessels. Sympathetic innervation (ANS) of vascular smooth muscle Types of blood vessels The Cardiovascular System (Chapter 21) Principles of Anatomy & Physiology 2008 arteries arterioles capillaries venules veins served by their own blood vessels in the walls The vessel

More information

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date:

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Introduction: Histology is often a very difficult topic for students. You are expected to understand the morphology and function of

More information

The Digestive System. You are what you eat!

The Digestive System. You are what you eat! The Digestive System You are what you eat! Try to label the diagram (PENCIL!!) What is Digestion? Digestion: the breakdown of large macromolecules (proteins, fats, carbohydrates) into smaller molecules

More information

Lesson Aim To explain the human body at a microscopic level, including the structure and function of cells, tissues and membranes.

Lesson Aim To explain the human body at a microscopic level, including the structure and function of cells, tissues and membranes. LESSON 1. CELLS & TISSUES Lesson Aim To explain the human body at a microscopic level, including the structure and function of cells, tissues and membranes. THE CELL All living matter is composed of functional

More information

Digestive System Notes

Digestive System Notes Digestive System Notes Structure Function Relation Mouth cavity Mechanical digestion by teeth; chemical digestion of starch by saliva. Salivary glands Three pairs of glands which secrete saliva containing

More information

Control and Coordination

Control and Coordination CHAPTER 7 Control and Coordination Living organisms respond and react to various stimuli like heat, light, cold, touch, pressure etc. Plants and animals both respond to stimuli but in different manner.

More information

Digestive System Lecture 5 Winter 2014

Digestive System Lecture 5 Winter 2014 Digestive System Lecture 5 Winter 2014 This lecture tells the story of the Flow of Matter from Food to Cells. The pictures are only there to help you visualize structures don t worry about names of structures

More information

Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Course Outline, Objectives and Accreditation Information

Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Course Outline, Objectives and Accreditation Information 201 Webster Building 3411 Silverside Road Wilmington, DE 19810 Phone: 1-888-658-6641 Fax: 1-302-477-9744 learn@corexcel.com www.corexcel.com Course Outline, Objectives and Accreditation Information Chapter

More information

The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System Human Anatomy III: Respiratory, Urinary & Digestive Systems The Respiratory System Major functions include: Obtaining oxygen Removing carbon dioxide Maintenance of ph balance Respiration may be accomplished

More information

Special organ structures and functions conduct these tasks through the successive parts of the overall system.

Special organ structures and functions conduct these tasks through the successive parts of the overall system. Chapter 5 Digestion, Absorption, and Metabolism Chapter 5 Lesson 5.1 Key Concepts Through a balanced system of mechanical and chemical digestion, food is broken down into smaller substances and the nutrients

More information

Human Anatomy & Physiology

Human Anatomy & Physiology Human Anatomy & Physiology John Wojciakowski email: jwojciakowski@nvps.net phone ext: 28351 Room #1245 TEXTS: Text The Human Body Book author- Steve Parker copyright- 2007 Course Overview: Anatomy is a

More information

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM What is digestion? Digestion is the process of breaking down food so that it's small enough to be absorbed and used by the body for energy or in other bodily functions. Digestion involves

More information