Jamestown. Write down everything in YELLOW

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1 Jamestown Write down everything in YELLOW

2 Objectives I can identify and explain the history and colonization of the Jamestown colony. I can investigate the early problems of the Jamestown colony.

3 Vocabulary Colony - a settlement of a town or group of towns by another country Charter - Contract

4 In 1606 King James (England) gave a charter to the Virginia Company to start a new colony. Settle in Virginia Find gold Find a water route to Asia 100 Men left on 3 ships to Jamestown in December 1606.

5 Textbook p.180 Jamestown sat on a peninsula a few miles from the ocean into Chesapeake Bay. The location seemed to be safe from Spanish ships. But the water was salty and dangerous to drink. The swampy land held another danger, diseasecarrying mosquitoes. That summer almost half of the colonists died. By winter the survivors were desperate. What were some of the problems the colonists faced?

6 Councel 6 Preacher 1 Gentlemen 29 Carpenters 6 Blacksmith 1 Occupation (Job) of Jamestown Settlers Bricklayers 2 Mason 1 Tailor 1 Drummer 1 Laborers 12 Discuss with your table: What were most of the settlers? How do you think this impacted the colony? Sailer 1 Barber 1 Boys 4 Surgeon 1

7 What were some of the early problems Jamestown faced? Settlers did not know how to farm or fish. (Most were gentlemen). The settlers spent all their time looking for gold instead of planting food. Leaders did not get along. Water was unsafe to drink. Mosquitoes caused diseases and sickness.

8 How did building Jamestown affect Native Americans nearby? What Native American s lived near Jamestown? Powhatan Confederacy - a group of 30 tribes of Eastern Woodland Native Americans that worked together. Their leader was Chief Powhatan.

9 Native Americans did not like the colonists because the colonists started to steal their food. Why do you think they were stealing the Native American s food?

10 Textbook p.180 By 1608 Smith was disgusted with the colonists. They spent their time looking for gold instead of planting crops. Their only interest, he said, was to dig gold, refine gold, load gold. So Smith declared, he that will not work shall not eat. HE forced colonists to build houses, plant crops and raise livestock. Most of the men and boys at Jamestown had not worked in England. THey were not used to such tasks. Smith s orders made him unpopular, but he kept the colonists alived. Discuss at your Table: How do you think the colonists reacted to Smith s new rule?

11 1608 John Smith became a new leader! He made a new rule. IF YOU DON T WORK, YOU DON T EAT!

12 Good news! John Rolfe found a solution the rough times in the colony. John Rolfe s solution was to grow tobacco which became a cash crop. Colonists hoped to become wealthy from growing tobacco. The Virginia Company gave the colonist s more land to own and they could grow tobacco. John Rolfe married Pocahontas (Chief Powhatan s daughter) and created peace between the colonist s and the Native American s.

13 Virginia Grows Indentured Servant: Many people could not afford the voyage to the New World. The Virginia Company would pay their voyage. To repay the debt, each person agreed to work 5-7 years.

14 I can make predictions about the Jamestown Colony. I can explain the Jamestown economy.

15 EVENT PREDICTIONS A ship of 100 women came to Jamestown. A ship of 20 African s came. Jamestown was allowed to elect their own lawmakers and form their own legislature.

16 EVENT A ship of 100 women came to Jamestown. PREDICTIONS The settlers married and had families. The women became wives and had children. The population of Jamestown increased. A ship of 20 African s came. Jamestown was allowed to elect their own lawmakers and form their own legislature.

17 EVENT A ship of 100 women came to Jamestown. PREDICTIONS The settlers married and had families. The women became wives and had children. The population of Jamestown increased. A ship of 20 African s came. 1st Africans to arrive in Jamestown. They were indentured servants, but eventually became slaves. Jamestown was allowed to elect their own lawmakers and form their own legislature.

18 EVENT A ship of 100 women came to Jamestown. PREDICTIONS The settlers married and had families. The women became wives and had children. The population of Jamestown increased. A ship of 20 African s came. 1st Africans to arrive in Jamestown. They were indentured servants, but eventually became slaves. Jamestown was allowed to elect their own lawmakers and form their own legislature. 1,000 colonists in Jamestown needed laws to keep order. Legislature House of Burgesses representative government chosen by the people to make decisions 1st government in colonies

19 Tobacco in Virginia Tobacco was making a profit ($$) for the Virginia Company. More settlers came to the colonies because they wanted to get rich. Settlers needed more slaves to work on the tobacco plantations (big farms).

20 More land was taken from the Native Americans to grow tobacco. Native Americans were ANGRY. 166 Chief Powhatan attacked and killed 300 colonists CAUSED A WAR BETWEEN NATIVE AMERICANS AND COLONISTS The colonists won because they had better weapons and they took the rest of Chief Powhatan s land.

21 8. What is the House of Burgesses? Quick Check - Can you answer all these questions? 1. What colony? 2. When was it founded? 3. Where? 4. Why? 5. Who founded it? 6. Name 3 problems in Jamestown 7. What crop was important to Jamestown?

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