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1 Handout 1A Starter Day 1 Subject: Jamestown Adaptability A: INSTRUCTIONS:...If you choose your place far enough up the river so that a fifty ton boat will float, then you may unload easily and also be able to trade with the surrounding people What the colonists actually did: They chose a peninsula that seemed perfect. The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock, it seemed well hidden from attack by the Spanish and Indians, and it seemed to have plenty of water. B: INSTRUCTIONS: Divide your 120 men into three parts, one part will build a fort and the first building should be a storehouse for food. The other part should prepare the ground and plant your corn and roots. The other ten of these forty you must sent as lookouts at the mouth of the river. The remaining forty you may use to explore the river farther inland and the land around you C: Thanks to John Smith s strong leadership, his forced work program with the motto, no work, no food, and the arrival of two supply ships, Jamestown survived its first year D: John Rolfe, the man who wed Pocahontas, tried planting a handful of tobacco seeds from the islands of the Caribbean. Soon Rolfe s sweet tobacco became a favorite back in England and was in great demand. E: Marshy soil made planting difficult Drinking water was contaminated People were starving Many people had diseases from the dirty living conditions Mosquitoes swarmed and spread diseases F: In December 1606, 144 mariners and adventurers set out from the docks east of London to sail across the Atlantic to found a colony in the Chesapeake Bay area of Virginia. Aside from the crew, the group was a mixture of gentlemen and adventurers. Gentlemen made up between a third and a half of the group. Most of them were young, in their twenties or thirties, seeking adventure and their fortunes.

2 Handout 1B Person A Subject: Adaptability Procedures: 1. Take out materials from envelope: sort cards, graphic organizer, and report card template. 2. Read all 6 cards and determine which order they would go in. 3. Record this information on your graphic organizer 4. Decide if the 6 events are positive or negative experiences 5. According to the grade scale of the report card, assign the settlement a grade in this subject. REMEMBER: Your ultimate goal will be to determine what grade you would give your settlement on this particular subject according to the information they gather. Keep these questions in mind as you look through the sources and decide on a grade: Why did your settlement settle where they did? Where did they settle and what resources were available to the settlers in this spot? How well did the settlers adapt to their environment?

3 Handout 1C NAME: PARENT: SUBJECT: Directions: First, record the correct order of your 6 cards in the chart below Next, determine whether the card is a positive experience or a negative experience for your settlement. Be sure to include at least one reason why. Once all 6 of your cards are in order and analyzed, record a grade for your subject based on the grading scale on the report card. Be sure to include at least 3 SPECIFIC reasons for your grade. 1 st Card Letter: Positive or Negative? WHY? 2 nd 3 rd 4 th 5 th 6 th OVERALL GRADE FOR YOUR SUBJECT? Grading Scale: Justifications and Consequences: (At least 3 SPECIFIC reasons why they earned that grade and any consequences their actions may have had) 6 positive events A 4-5 positive events B 3 positive events C 1-2 positive events D 0 positive events F

4 Handout 1D

5 Handout 1E PERSON B Subject: Native Experiences Procedures: 1. Take out materials from envelope: sort cards, graphic organizer, and report card template. 2. Read all 6 cards and determine which order they would go in. 3. Record this information on your graphic organizer 4. Decide if the 6 events are positive or negative experiences 5. According to the grade scale of the report card, assign the settlement a grade in this subject. REMEMBER: Your ultimate goal will be to determine what grade you would give your settlement on this particular subject according to the information they gather. Keep these questions in mind as you look through the sources and decide on a grade: What was the Native Americans way of life in the area BEFORE the colony was set up? What was your settlement s plan of interacting with the Natives in their area? What was your settlement s relationship with the Natives in their area?

6 Handout 1F Subject: Jamestown - Native Experiences A: B: The Indians living in the area where Jamestown was settled must have had mixed feelings about the arrival of the English in One of their first reactions was hostility based on their previous experience with Spanish explorers along their coastline. They attacked one of the ships before the English actually landed. Yet the Indians soon began to offer food and traditional Indian hospitality to the newcomers. C: After Powhatan died, and his brother, Openchancanough took over, the Indians pretended friendship and waited for the perfect opportunity to destroy them once and for all. In early 1622, they struck. In all, nearly 350 colonists were killed. Jamestown was saved only because of a friendly Indian who warned them of the attack. D: By 1609, Powhatan realized that the English intended to stay. So, Indians began attacking settlers, killing their livestock, and burning such crops as they planted. E: F: After the third Powhatan/English war, surviving Powhatans accepted the English king as their leader, and those in the east were confined to small areas. Virginia then issued silver and copper passport badges for Native leaders and warriors, without which they could not enter English settlements.

7 Handout 1G PERSON C Subject: Ways in Which the Settlement Found Stability Procedures: 1. Take out materials from envelope: sort cards, graphic organizer, and report card template. 2. Read all 6 cards and determine which order they would go in. 3. Record this information on your graphic organizer 4. Decide if the 6 events are positive or negative experiences 5. According to the grade scale of the report card, assign the settlement a grade in this subject. REMEMBER: Your ultimate goal will be to determine what grade you would give your settlement on this particular subject according to the information they gather. Keep these questions in mind as you look through the sources and decide on a grade: What did your settlement do to make money and thus a more stable colony? Was it lucrative? Were there any other ways in which they made themselves more permanent? Were these good, lasting ideas? What did your colony use as its labor source? What were the good aspects to using it as their labor source? Were there any BAD aspects to using it as their labor source?

8 Handout 1H Subject Jamestown-Ways in which settlement found stability A: B: HEADLINE: JOHN ROLFE TRIES A TOBACCO CROP TO HELP SAVE THE DESPERATELY STRUGGLING JAMESTOWN SETTLEMENT. More than any other crop or industry, tobacco shaped the development of Virginia. Virginia colonists saw the Native Americans growing tobacco, and the colonists quickly adopted tobacco as their primary mechanism of getting wealthy. Virginia operated under "cash-crop" agriculture (tobacco is grown for sale, not for use on the farm) C: D: An Indentured Servant s Complaint Indentured servants often led hard lives. In the excerpt of this letter, Jamestown indentured servant Richard Frethrone tells his father of his life: People cry out day and night OH! That they would not care to lose any limb to be in England again, yeah, though they beg from door to door. I am not half of a quarter so strong as I was in England, and all is for want of food: for I do protest unto you that I have eaten more in one day at home that I have allowed me here for a week. You have given more than my day s allowance to a beggar at the door. Good father, do not forget me, but have mercy and pity my miserable case. I know if you did but see me, you would weep E: F: There was no need for slaves for most of the 1600 s because there were enough indentured servants but in the 1680 s not as many people wanted to become indentured servants. Some arrived in Virginia in They came from western Africa and had been stolen by Dutch ships. They were labeled as indentured servants. Later in the 1600 s the slave trade grew and laws were created that made it legal. Over 10,000 African slaves arrived in the Chesapeake area between 1698 and These slaves were sold at ports along the Potomac, Rappahannock, James, and York Rivers.

9 Handout 1J PERSON D Subject: Impact Procedures: 1. Take out materials from envelope: sort cards, graphic organizer, and report card template. 2. Read all 6 cards and determine which order they would go in. 3. Record this information on your graphic organizer 4. Decide if the 6 events are positive or negative experiences 5. According to the grade scale of the report card, assign the settlement a grade in this subject. REMEMBER: Your ultimate goal will be to determine what grade you would give your settlement on this particular subject according to the information they gather. Keep these questions in mind as you look through the sources and decide on a grade: How did your country use this colony to expand? How were they able to acquire the land they did? By force? Treaty? What impact did your settlement have on this area? On the continent as a whole?

10 Handout 1K Subject: Jamestown-Impact A: Jamestown was the first English settlement in Virginia, but the English did not stay confined to the James Fort for very long. Within a few years, the Virginia Company had established other settlements. In the years 1611 to 1613, protected settlements were started at healthier locations up and down the James River Kecoughtan at the mouth of the James, and Henrico and Bermuda Hundred upriver close to the fall line. At certain periods during those years, the population was larger in those towns than at the capital in Jamestown. By 1616, John Rolfe listed five areas of settlement along the James River and one on the Eastern Shore. B: Under the 1609 charter, the second one granted to the Virginia Company by King James I, Englishmen and women who bought shares of stock in the Company were promised that after seven years they would see a return on their investments. Though the Virginia Company did have profits to share, they did have land for the granting so those individuals who had bought stock, as well as those who had ventured their lives to the colony, became landowners at 100 acres per share. Some individuals pooled the acreage they received and formed large plantations. These plantations began to appear up and down the James River. Landowners often recruited servants or tenant farmers to work the land and grow tobacco. C: The Powhatan Indians reacted to the spread of the English population by beginning a war with the English that lasted ten years. The war put upriver English communities at risk, and colonial authorities preferred to strengthen existing settlements rather than create new ones. For a while, settlement expanded very slowly. D: At this time settlement moved into southwest Virginia and the Piedmont area began to be settled as planters looked for unused soil. German and Scotch-Irish immigrants began to move into the Shenandoah Valley west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. E: Because of constant fires, unhealthy living conditions, and marshy land, the Capital of Virginia was changed from Jamestown to Williamsburg. F: After the French and Indian War, the British captured all of New France, giving Britain control over the greater part of North America.

11 Handout 1L Settlement Report Card Name: Parent: Address: Subject Grade Comments: (Justifications and Consequences of actions) Adaptability Native Experiences Ways in which settlement found stability Impact Grading Scale: 6 positive events A 4-5 positive events B 3 positive events C 1-2 positive events D 0 positive events F

12 Handout 1M Day 1 Exit Card: Overall, what were the consequences of the Jamestown settlement? Include both positive and negative consequences.

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