Geography Skills Pre- Test

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1 Name: period: Geography Skills Pre- Test 1. What does the relative location of a place tell you? A. The longitude and latitude of a place B. Which symbol shows a place on a map C. Where a place is compared to another place D. The map projection being used to show a place 2. Which two continents are located entirely in the Western Hemisphere? A. Europe and Africa B. Asia and Antarctica C. North America and Australia D. North America and South America 3. Maps cannot represent the exact size or shape of Earth s features because of A. Tilt B. Scale C. Rotation D. Distortion 4. What do geographers use to indicate the absolute location of any place on Earth? A. a global grid B. a map legend C. a map scale D. a compass rose 5. A meridian of longitude is an imaginary line that runs A. parallel to the Arctic Circle B. parallel to the Tropic of Cancer C. from the North Pole to the South Pole D. from the Prime Meridian to the International Dateline 6. What causes the changing of seasons throughout the year? A. The rotation of the Earth around its axis B. The tilt of Earth s axis toward the sun C. The distance between the sun and Earth D. The division of Earth into hemispheres

2 7. Which of the following in the main advantage of the type of map projection shown below? A. It shows the area of oceans more accurately B. It shows the distances between places more accurately C. It shows relative locations of places more accurately D. It shows the size and shapes of continents more accurately. 8. A line of latitude measures distances A. East and West of the Equator B. East and West of the Prime Meridian C. North and South of the Equator D. North and South of the Prime Meridian 9. What does a map s scale compare? A. Direction on a map with direction on Earth B. Distance on a map with distance on Earth C. Location on a map with location on a globe D. Distortion on a map with distortion on a globe 10. A map that shows population density is a type of A. Physical map B. Political map C. Regional map D. Thematic map 11. Which of the following will you find on a map that shows physical features? A. Businesses B. Landforms C. Population D. Vegetation

3 12. What kind of information is shown on this map of North Africa? A. Climate zones B. Population density C. Vegetation zones D. Economic activity 13. Which term means the pattern of weather over a long period of time? A. Climate B. Density C. Region D. Vegetation 14. What are coal, iron, uranium, and petroleum? A. Land uses B. Vegetation zones C. Natural resources D. Economic activities 15. What does an economic activity map of a country show? A. Where its people live B. What kind of climate it has C. How high its mountains are D. How its people make a living

4 16. Use the graph below to answer the following questions: A. Nome Alaska s highest temperature occurs during this month: B. In which month does Nome receive the most precipitation? C. What is the average temperature in Nome in June? D. How much precipitation falls in Nome in the month of October? 17. Applying Geography Skills: Identifying Elements of a Map (over) Use the map and your knowledge of geography to complete the task below: 1. Identify the map elements marked A- E on the chart below. 2. Briefly describe what each element tells a map user.

5 18. The Task: Writing Directions from a Map of Washington D.C. This map is a large- scale map of Washington D.C. It shows streets and landmarks that are found in our nation s capital. Your task is to help someone find the way from the National Aquarium to the National Portrait Gallery. 1. On the map, locate the National Aquarium. Draw a route a person could use to walk from there to the National Portrait Gallery. 2. Use the route you marked to write directions for this walk. Write your directions in the space provided using complete sentences. In your directions, be sure to do these four things: A. Give your directions a title. B. Describe the relative location of the National Aquarium compared to the National Portrait Gallery using the map s scale and compass rose. C. Describe your route street by street. At each turn, indicate which way the person should be walking. Use cardinal directions. D. Describe the location of the National Portrait Gallery at the end of your route.

6 19. Applying Geography Skills: Identifying Landforms and Water Bodies Landforms and water bodies are marked A to J on the diagram. Label them below, using the terms in the word bank. 20. Using Longitude and Latitude: Use the *provided map (use the 1.7 reading notes map) to answer the following questions. Find the city at these locations: N, 17 W N, 29 E N, 51 E S, 71 W 5. 6 S, 107 E

7 21. Locating the Continents and Oceans Use the *provided map (use 1.6 reading notes map) to identify the Continents and Oceans: Use the same map to identify major lines of latitude and longitude: A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

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