# Maps and Globes. By Kennedy s Korner

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1 Maps and Globes By Kennedy s Korner

2 Table of Contents Words to Know What are Maps and Globes Map Key or Symbols Cardinal Directions Intermediate Directions Equator Prime Meridian Hemispheres Coordinate Map Map scales Continents & Oceans Types of Maps Quick Check Review pages Extra Maps Quiz

3 Words to Know compass rose- A circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart. Continent- Any of the world's main continuous expanses of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America). equator - An imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres globe - a spherical representation of earth. hemisphere- A half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by the Prime Meridian. latitude- is the angular distance of any object from the equator measured in degrees. longitude- is the angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some map - A diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads and other features. meridian- A circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles. parallel- Side by side and having the same distance continuously between them. Poles - Either of the two locations (North Pole or South Pole) on the surface of the earth. Prime Meridian- The zero meridian (0 ), used as a reference line from which longitude east and west is measured. scale - The ratio between a distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the earth,

4 What are Maps and Globes? What is a Map? A map is a picture of a place. It shows where things are located. For example, a map of a bedroom might show where the bed, dresser, and closet are. A map of a city often shows streets, highways, schools, and attractions or landmarks. There are many kinds of maps, such as world maps, country maps, state and city maps, weather maps and population maps.

5 What are Maps and Globes? What is a Globe? A globe is a model of Earth. It is like a map, but it is round. A globe gives a better picture of how the world looks. The round part of a globe rests on a stand, and it can turn the way Earth turns. Both maps and globes give lots of information about many kinds of places.

6 Quick Check Answer the questions and complete the sentences 1. A map is a picture of 2. What are three kinds of maps? 3. What are two things that might be found on a city map? 4. How is a globe different from a map? 5. A globe is a model of 6. What do maps and globes give us?

7 Map Key or Symbols Maps use symbols to show places and things on Earth. Symbols are drawings that stand for something real. A map key tells you what each symbol stands for. You must always check the map key first when reading a map. Then you will know what each symbol stand for.

8 Directions- Cardinal and Intermediate N W NW SW NE SE E S

9 Quick Check Name Label the 8 directions. Use capital letters.

10 Equator The Equator divides the earth in half. It is a great imaginary line around the middle of the earth. It divides the earth into two equal parts the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres. Equator Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Map Key

11 Prime Meridian The Prime Meridian divides the earth in half, but the other way. It is an imaginary line running North and South. It divides the earth into two equal parts the Western and the Eastern Hemispheres. Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere Map Key

12 Hemispheres 1. What imaginary line separates the Northern and Southern Hemispheres?. 2. What imaginary line separates the Western and Eastern Hemispheres?.

13 Hemispheres

14 Hemispheres Northern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere 1. What continents are mainly in the Western Hemisphere.,,. 2. What continents are mainly in the Eastern hemisphere?,,, and.

15 Map Scales Distance is how far apart places are. The best way to figure out distance on a map is by using a map scale. A map scale shows you what distance on a map equals on Earth. For example, if a map scale tells you that one inch on a map is the same as 250 miles on Earth. So you can figure out if you travel 5 inches from one point to another, then that would really be the distance of miles in real life.

16 Continents There are seven continents on Earth. They are North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica.

17 Oceans & Water everywhere Did you know that most of Earth s water is salt water in the five oceans? Fresh water can be found in lakes, river, and other bodies of water. The five oceans are Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific, Indian and the Southern Ocean.

18 Quick Check Name Social Studies Quick Check Label the seven continents and five oceans. Color the oceans blue and each continent a different color. Label the compass rose (8 directions).

19 Quick Check Name Social Studies Quick Check Label the seven continents and five oceans. Color the oceans blue and each continent a different color. Label the compass rose (8 directions).

20 Types of Maps There are many different types of maps. You will learn about five types. Physical Maps show the land as it was created by nature. They show mountains, plateaus, rivers, lakes, plains and other land and water features. These maps sometimes show height of land. This is called elevation. Political Maps show the boundaries that separate political areas such as townships, counties, states, provinces or nations. They can also show information like names of cities/towns, highways/roads, and points of interest. Population Maps show where people live. It shows the average number of people living in a defined area. Product Maps show the types of things that are grown, raised or mined in a certain place. Weather Maps show where it is sunny, rainy, cloudy, and snowy. Some show the high or low temperatures and some show where there are lightening strikes. There are different types of weather maps.

21 Physical Map Physical Maps show the land as it was created by nature. They show mountains, plateaus, rivers, lakes, plains and other land and water features. These maps sometimes show height of land. This is called elevation.

22 Physical Map Physical Maps are typically different colors. The shade of colors are in the map key and will tell you more about the land features.

23 Physical Map Quick Check Physical Maps show natural features of the earth such as water, mountains, desserts, and high and low regions. Finish the map as directed. Pacific Ranges and Lowlands Western Plateaus, Basins and Ranges Tucson Rocky Mountains Denver Interior Plains Chicago Highlands Coastal Lowlands Appalachians New Orleans Miami 1. Draw brown in the mountain and highland regions. 2. Draw orange on the Pacific Ranges and Lowlands. 3. Color the 5 Great Lakes blue. 4. Draw green on the Coastal Lowlands. 5. Color the Interior Plains yellow. 6. Name one city found in the mountains.

24 Political Map Political Maps show the boundaries that separate political areas such as townships, counties, states, provinces or nations. They can also show information like names of cities/towns, highways/roads, and points of interest.

25 Political Map Political Maps show the boundaries that separate political areas such as townships, counties, states, provinces or nations. They can also show information like names of cities/towns, highways/roads, and points of interest.

26 Political Map- Quick Check Political Map of China 1. What symbol is used to show a river? 2. What color is the water? 3. What would you look for if you wanted to find a city in China? 4. The red line on this map is used to show the. 5. Draw the symbol use to show where the Great Wall is.

27 Population Map Population Maps show where people live. It shows the average number of people living in a defined area.

28 Population Map Population Maps show where people live. It shows the average number of people living in a defined area.

29 Product Map Product Maps show the types of things that are grown, raised or mined in certain place.

30 Product Map Product Maps show the types of things that are grown, raised or mined in a certain place. Here is another example of a product map of China.

31 Product Map DRAW and color a KEY for this map by looking at the pictures used to represent the products grown, raised or mined here. KEY

32 Weather Map Weather Maps show where it is sunny, rainy, cloudy, and snowy. Some show the high or low temperatures and some show where there are lightening strikes. There are different types of weather maps.

33 Weather Map Weather Maps show where it is sunny, rainy, cloudy, and snowy. Some show the high or low temperatures and some show where there are lightening strikes. There are different types of weather maps.

34 Outline Map of the World

35 Coordinates A B C D E 1. Name the coordinates of the red rose., 2. What are the coordinates of the soccer ball, 3., is where the black cat is located. 4. The star can be found at the coordinate, 5. Name the coordinates of the dog.,

36 Latitude You can find places in the world by knowing how to read latitude and longitude lines. These lines are imaginary lines and you have already learned two the equator and prime meridian. Latitude is the angular distance of any object from the equator measured in degrees. The main line of latitude is the EQUATOR. Lines of latitude circle the globe and are parallel to each other. That means that the lines are always the same distance apart. They never meet. Sometimes lines of latitude are also called parallels. Latitude lines run from WEST to EAST. They measure the distance north and south of the equator. The equator is marked 0 degrees. (0 )

37 Longitude As we just learned, the lines extending around the Earth horizontally are called lines of latitude. They measure how far north or south an object is on the Earth. The lines running vertically around the Earth are called LONGITUDE. These lines are called meridians, and measure how far east or west an object is located. Lines of longitude run from NORTH to SOUTH and they meet at the POLES. The lines running vertically around the Earth are called longitude. These lines are called meridians, and measure how far east or west an object is.

38 In Summary ~ Latitude and Longitude Latitude Lines of latitude are also called parallels. Parallels are equal distances apart from the equator to the poles. The equator is zero degrees latitude while the North and South Poles are 90 degrees latitude. Latitude is measured in degrees north and degrees south. Longitude Lines of longitude or meridians are perpendicular The lines to lines running of latitude. vertically Lines of longitude begin at the prime meridian around and are the measured Earth are called in positive degrees going east up to 180 degrees longitude. and negative These lines degrees are called going meridians, and measure how far west up to -180 degrees. east or west an object is.

39 Latitude and Longitude You can remember lines of LATITUDE run W to E they look like the rungs on a LADDER. LADDER sounds like LATITUDE. You can remember which way the lines of Longitude go.. By remembering the word LONG the lines are LONG and it s the first four letters found in LONGITUDE.

40 Latitude and Longitude Quick check Name Fill in the blank using the word box to help you. Latitude longitude meridians parallels 1. Which lines run from west to east? 2. Which lines run from north to south? 3. The equator is a line of. (latitude or longitude) 4. The prime meridian is a line of. (latitude or longitude) 5. Draw a picture and explain how you can tell the difference between which are lines of latitude and lines of longitude. What clues help you to remember?

41 Latitude and Longitude Name Write the name of the city closest to the intersection of latitude and longitude coordinates. Latitude Longitude City 30 N 120 E 35 N 130 E 25 N 115 E

42 Latitude and Longitude Name Match the type of map with the correct definition. Write the letter of the definition on the line. Map Skills 1. Physical Map A. a map that shows how many people live in a particular area 2. Product Map B. a map that shows the land as it was created by nature such water, mountains or plains 3. Population Map C. a map that shows places and boundaries- townships, counties, states, provinces or nations 4. Political Map D. a map that shows what is made in a particular area such as fruits, vegetables, etc. 5. Weather Map E. a map that shows where it is sunny, rainy, cloudy, and snowy or high and low temperatures, etc. Fill in the blank using the word box below. Not all words will be used. 6. Lines of latitude are called. 7. The equator is at degrees latitude. 8. All lines of longitude meet at the. 9. The main line of longitude is called the. 10. The main line of latitude is called the. Equator ninety poles zero Prime Meridian beach parallels

43 Map of the World

44 Map of the United States

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