1. the orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the replacement of one community by another untii a stable climax is established

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1 1/11/2016 Quizlet 5 Written questions 1. the orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the replacement of one community by another untii a stable climax is established 2. A stable, mature environment that undergoes little or no change in species over time 3. Creates soil in primary succession (lichen/moss) first species to appear. 4. A species that initially come to an uninhabited area and that starts an ecological cycle by making soil in which many other species become established. 5. A mass of fungal and algal cells that grow together in a symbiotic relationship and that are usually found on rocks or trees and starts the soil making process 4 Matching questions 1. moss First species to come to an area during succession primary succession pioneer species change in an ecosystem over time organisms die out, new species take over 4. succession Succession that occurs on surfaces where no soil exists. 2nd oldest group to diverge from the land plant order. Like liverworts, they are relatively small and lack leaves 5 Multiple choice questions 1. succession that can take hundreds or even thousands of years to develop into a climax community a. pioneer species b. secondary succession c. succession d. primary succession https://quizlet.com/ /test 1/3

2 1/11/2016 Test: Ecology Cti 3 Section 1 - How Ecosystems Ctiange Quizlet 2. succession that occurs after a forest fire a. primary succession b. secondary succession c. succession d. pioneer species 3. A symbiosis of alga and fungus that frequently acts as a pioneer species on bare rock a. moss b. climax community c. succession d. lichen 4. Succession that takes place in an area that already has soil (ex. after a wildfire or hurricane) a. secondary succession b. succession c. pioneer species d. primary succession 5. Creating a new an ecosystem from barren rock a. primary succession b. climax community c. secondary succession d. succession 5 / questions 1. secondary succession Succession following a disturbance that destroys a community without destroying the soil 2. succession the gradual change from one community of organisms to another 3. secondary succession Succession on a site where an existing community has been disrupted. 4. climax community - An ecological ecosystem in which populations of plants or animals remain stable and exist in balance with each other and their environment https://quizlet.com/ /test 2/3

3 1/11/2016 Test: Ecology Cti 3 Section 2 Biomes Quizlet Quizlet NAME 4 Matching questions taiga biome a musk ox, arctic fox, caribou, polar bear would be found in this biome temperate deciduous forest tundra Biome that has a winter-summer change of seasons and that typically receives 75 to 1 50 centimeters (30-60 inches) or more of relatively evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. grizzly bear, snow shoe hare, ermine, lynx, moose, red fox, gray wolf can be found in this biome A large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities 5 Multiple choice questions 1. Biome characterized as a frozen desert where permafrost exists. a. taiga b. biome c. desert d. tundra 2. A biome at the northernmost limits of plant growth and at high altitudes, characterized by dwarf woody shrubs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. a. tundra b. taiga c. biome d. desert 3. A tropical forest, usually of tall, densely growing, broad-leaved evergreen trees in an area of high annual rainfall. a. rain forest b. biome c. grasslands d. taiga https ://qulzlet.com/ /test?matchi ng=on&m ult_choice=on&tf=on&prom pt-wlth= 1 &I i m lt= 15 1/2

4 1/11/2016 Test: Ecology Ch 3 Section 2 Biomes Quizlet ^ 4. A biome consisting of midlatitude forest characterized by broad-leafed trees that lose their leaves each fall and remain dormant during winter. a. grasslands b. desert c. temperate deciduous forest d. rain forest 5. Also called savannas. Rainfall is low or seasonal. Dominant plant is grass. Other plants; buffalo grass, sunflower, golden rod, clover. Large herbivores: bison, antelope, zebra, prairie dogs a. grasslands b. taiga c. tundra d. rain forest 5 / questions 1. desert musk ox, arctic fox, caribou, polar bear would be found in this biome 2. taiga - musk ox, arctic fox, caribou, polar bear would be found in this biome 3. tundra grizzly bear, snow shoe hare, ermine, lynx, moose, red fox, gray wolf can be found in this biome 4. grasslands A biome where grasses, not trees, are the main plant life. Prairies and Savannahs are types of Grasslands. Here soil is fertile and grains grow well. 5. taiga musk ox, arctic fox, caribou, polar bear would be found in this biome https://quizlet.com/ /test?rnatching=on&rnult_choice=on&tf=on&prompt-with=1&limit=15 2/2

5 1/11/2016 Test: Ecology Ch 3 Section 3 - Aquatic Ecosystems Quizlet Quizlet NAME 4 Matching questions 1. : ; Intertldal zones standing{not moving) fresh water ecosystems estuary coral reef Colonies of tiny animals that produce calcium carbonate that over time build up to form large underwater structures In shallow warm tropical seas. 4. lakes and ponds The portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low tide lines. Are bodies of water found in areas where freshwater from rivers and streams and salt water from the ocean meet. 5 Multiple choice questions 1. examples of standing-water ecosystems a. oceans b. wetlands c. lakes and ponds d. rivers and streams 2. A place freshwater such as a river meets the ocean, forming an area of brackish water and has unique species that live there. a. coral reef b. estuary c. wetlands d. oceans 3. where animals must be able to adapt in different temperatures, in and out of water and different salinity a. intertldal zones b. wetlands c. coral reef d. lakes and ponds https://qulzlet.com/ /test?matching=on&mult_choice=on&tf=on&prompt-with=1&limlt=15

6 1/11/2016 Test: Ecology Ch 3 Section 3^quatic Ecosystems Quizlet 4. Diverse ecosystem formed from the calcium carbonate shells secreted by a certain animal a. wetlands b. oceans c. estuary d. coral reef 5. Can vary from slow moving to fast moving fresh water a. wetlands b. lakes and ponds c. rivers and streams d. coral reef 5 / questions 1. estuary - An ocean inlet(salt water) that merges with the mouth of a river(fresh water). 2. wetlands - Areas of land such as marshes, swamps, and bogs that are soaked with water and that support aquatic plants 3. oceans - Areas of land such as marshes, swamps, and bogs that are soaked with water and that support aquatic plants 4. rivers and streams standing(not moving) fresh water ecosystems 5. intertldal zones - Areas of land such as marshes, swamps, and bogs that are soaked with water and that support aquatic plants https ://quizlet.com/ /test?matching=on&mult_choice=on&tf=on&prompt-with=1&limlt=15 2/2

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