The Road To The American Revolution, 1750s

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1 The Road To The American Revolution, 1750s

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3 French and Indian War France & Native Americans vs. British and Colonists British & Colonists victorious Expensive to Fight Britain wanted colonists to help pay expenses generated from war How would colonists make this payment? How would they feel about this?

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5 Line down the Appalachians Colonists stay to east Native Americans stay to the West Proclamation of 1763 Colonists: why you always trying to tell me what to do??? Consider: Why would the colonists want to expand westward?

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7 New Taxes We got to get our $$$$ from French and Indian War Sugar Act Molasses Don t drink the water!!! We want our M & Ms!!! You can t tax what you can t catch!!!

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9 Quartering Act 1765 British: if you ain t gonna pay your taxes your gonna have to feed and shelter our soldiers. Yo! House and provide supplies for British soldiers Colonists must pay for these things

10 Stamp Act 1767 The Stamp Act was to tax the colonists directly that meant to tax every legal document carry a stamp showing that a tax had been paid. The colonists acted with rage. To show their rage the colonists boycotted British goods. Other people started the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty. This group protested and some of their protests grew violent. But Parliament was not going to give in to them.

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12 Tar and Feathering a Tax Collector

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15 Townshend Act ( ) The Townshend Acts were a British trick to cut the some taxes and replace it with another The Townshend Acts called for new import taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. In March, 1770, the Townshend Acts were repealed except for the tax on tea. Taxes were used to pay the salaries of the British colonial officials. The Townshend Acts were very unpopular with the colonists, who criticized the Acts and demonstrated in protest in October. Indirectly raised prices. Led to boycott of British made goods.

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17 Boston Massacre Redcoats v. colonist workers March 5, 1770 Soldiers fire on dockworkers and youth who were protesting Five colonists were killed Crispus Attucks John Adams (lawyer) Pleads self-defense Jury agrees British tyranny

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19 Boston Tea Party 1773 Protesting the Tea Act Tea Act: Gave British owned company exclusive rights to sell tea in colonies The Protests Men disguised as Native Americans destroyed 342 chests of tea 90,000 lbs of tea 1lb = 220 bags of tea 90,000 X 220 = 19,800,000 cups of tea!!!!

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21 Coercive (Intolerable) Acts 1774 Punishment for B.T.P. Close Boston port until destroyed tea was paid for British took over government of Mass. First Continental Congress formed as a result of harsh punishment

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25 Lexington & Concord British appeared to be getting ready for some military action lots of soldiers in and around Boston Most of the patriot leaders fled the city fearing arrest They began to stockpile arms in a village called Lexington British soldiers ordered to seize weapons & ammunition from colonists

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27 Paul Revere had stayed behind in Boston Revere would warn others by placing a lantern in the belfry of the Old North Church

28 One lantern if the British were coming by land Two lanterns if they were coming by sea

29 April 19 the Minutemen began to assemble on the Lexington lawn When the British arrive at dawn, there were around 77 men British commander tells the men to throw down their arms A shot is fired no one knows by whom Patriots retreat into the woods, British continue to Concord

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31 The Battle of Concord British continued on to Concord Arsenal in Concord Basically Empty Brief skirmish with minutemen at North Bridge British began march back to Boston to avoid further conflict, despite no reinforcements Lexington & Concord are considered to be the first battles of the American Revolution

32 The War is On! After Lexington & Concord (April 1775) the Second Continental Congress begins meeting (May 1775) The British and American forces continue to have several battles over the next few months. On July 4 th, 1776 this Congress signs the Declaration of Independence officially declaring the break up!!!

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