UNITED KINGDOM (updated on )

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "UNITED KINGDOM (updated on )"

Transcription

1 UNITED KINGDOM (updated on ) 1. Legislative provisions concerning nationality a. Texts in force - British Nationality Act British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Acts Hong Kong Act British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act Hong Kong (War wives and Widows) Act British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act British Overseas Territories Act Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 The 1981 Act came into force on 1 January 1983 and is generally definitive in terms of persons born on or after that date. It does not apply retrospectively. It is the latest stage of an evolutionary process. Prior to 1949 the principal nationality category was British subject status. Acquisition and loss was governed by the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act 1914, which applied throughout the British Empire. The British Nationality Act 1948 created a new class of citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies to distinguish British subjects who were not citizens of former colonies which had achieved independence. At the outset all citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies possessed an unfettered right of abode in the United Kingdom but the right of some citizens was extinguished by subsequent immigration legislation. The British Nationality Act 1981 replaced citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies with three separate citizenships: a. British citizenship, for those citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies who on 31 December 1982 had the right of abode in the United Kingdom; b. British Dependent Territories citizenship, for those connected with the remaining dependent territories; and c. British Overseas citizenship, for those who had neither the right of abode in the United Kingdom nor a connection with a dependency. The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 renamed the dependent territories British overseas territories and the associated citizenship British overseas territories citizenship. It also provided for the automatic acquisition of British citizenship (in addition to British overseas

2 territories citizenship) by persons having an appropriate connection with any British overseas territory except the Sovereign Base Areas on Cyprus. There are additionally three smaller groups British subjects, British protected persons, and British Nationals (Overseas) which, like British Overseas citizenship, arise in the main from birth in former colonies. It is expected that these latter groups will disappear with the passing of a generation. The key points to note are that: a. only British citizens and certain British subjects have a right of abode in the United Kingdom, and b. only British citizens, British subjects with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories citizens who derive that status from a connection with Gibraltar are UK nationals for European Community purposes. In order to simplify matters the rest of this text concentrates on British citizenship. Enquiries about other categories of citizenship should be directed to the Home Office Immigration and Nationality Directorate. b. Main principles and provisions i. British citizenship is based on a combination of ius sanguinus and ius soli. A child born in the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory will be a British citizen if one of his or her parents is a British citizen or is settled there. ii. iii. iv. There is equality between men and women. British citizenship may generally be acquired from either parent; if the child is illegitimate it may be acquired only from the mother. Dual and multiple nationality is generally permitted (British protected persons and certain British subjects lose that status if another nationality or citizenship is acquired). Avoidance of statelessness. (Under certain conditions a stateless person may have a right to registration as a British citizen. British nationality is in some circumstances acquired at birth if the child would otherwise be stateless. There is a legal presumption of British nationality of new-born infants found abandoned in the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory. The possession of another nationality is a precondition for the renunciation of British nationality.) v. Autonomy of spouses. There is no automatic loss or acquisition of nationality on marriage, but the spouse of a British citizen becomes eligible to naturalise under easier conditions. A. Acquisition of British nationality: 1. By birth in the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory to a parent who is a British citizen or is settled there.

3 2. By descent from either parent if the child is legitimate; from the mother only if the child is legitimate. A child born out of wedlock may be legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents. 3. By adoption: Adoption by a British citizen automatically confers British citizenship on the adopted child if either the adoption takes place in the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory or both adopters are habitually resident in the United Kingdom and the adoption is certified under the 1992 Convention on Intercountry Adoption. 4. By naturalisation: British citizenship may be acquired by application for a certificate of naturalisation. The conditions are: - five years legal residence in the United Kingdom the last year of which must have been spent free of immigration restrictions; - full age (18 or over) and not of unsound mind; - good character; - intention to have home or principal home in United Kingdom; - sufficient knowledge of English, Welsh or Scottish Gaelic. The spouse of a British citizen may apply for naturalisation after completing 3 years legal residence. The applicant s residence must not be subject to any time limit on the date of application. The applicant must be 18 or over and not of unsound mind, but does not have to meet the requirements to have sufficient knowledge of the language and to intend to live in the United Kingdom once naturalised. He or she must be of good character. The Secretary of State has discretion to refuse to issue a certificate of naturalisation even if all the above-mentioned conditions are met. Equally, he has discretion to waive most of those requirements if in the circumstances of a particular case he considers it appropriate to do so. 5. By registration: In some cases the applicant may have an entitlement to be registered as a British citizen and does not need to go through the naturalisation procedure. This entitlement is possessed by: - A person who is already a British overseas territories citizen, British Overseas citizen, British subject, British protected person or British National (Overseas), following 5 years residence in the United Kingdom. - A person who is already a British Overseas citizen, British subject or British protected person, has no nationality or citizenship apart from this and has not given up any nationality or citizenship since 4 July A person born after 7 February 1961 who would have become a British citizen automatically on 1 January 1983 but for the inability of British women to pass on their citizenship to children born before 1983.

4 - A person who is a British overseas territories citizen by virtue of a connection with Gibraltar. - Certain minors born in the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory who do not acquire British citizenship at birth, and those born outside the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory to parents who are British citizens by descent only. - Certain persons who would otherwise be stateless. - Those who previously renounced British citizenship or (prior to the 1981 Act) citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies in order to acquire or retain some other citizenship. The Secretary of State may register any minor as a British citizen if, in the circumstances of a particular case, he considers it appropriate to do so. In addition he may, in special circumstances, register a British overseas territories citizen, British Overseas citizen, British subject, British protected person or British National (Overseas) as a British citizen if that person has at any time been in Crown service under the government of a British overseas territory. A person who renounced British citizenship (or, before the 1981 Act, citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies) but was not obliged to do so in order to retain or acquire some other citizenship may resume British citizenship by registration at the discretion of the Secretary of State. The Hong Kong (War Wives and Widows) Act 1996 provides for the discretionary registration as British citizens of the wives and former wives of men who fought in the defence of Hong Kong during the Second World War. The British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act 1997 confers an entitlement to registration as a British citizen on any person who, immediately before 4 February 1997, was either a British Dependent Territories citizen, a British Overseas citizen, a British subject or a British protected person, and who would otherwise have been stateless. Applicants must additionally have been ordinarily resident in Hong Kong both immediately before 4 February 1997 and on the date of application. The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 provides for certain British overseas territories citizens who have not also acquired British citizenship under that Act to be registered as British citizens. Registration is at the discretion of the Secretary of State. B. Loss of British Nationality 1. By renunciation: Any British citizen who is of full age and has or is about to acquire some other citizenship may renounce his British citizenship by making a declaration to the Secretary of State. The renunciation takes effect from the date on which the declaration is registered, but is deemed to have been invalid if another citizenship is in practice acquired within 6 months. 2. By deprivation: British nationality may be withdrawn from any person who has it if either that person has done something seriously prejudicial to the vital interests of the United Kingdom or a British overseas territory and would not become stateless as a result of losing British nationality or the British nationality was obtained by fraud, false representation or the

5 concealment of a material fact. British nationality is retained until all options for appeal against the proposed deprivation have been exhausted. The courts have ruled that a registration (or naturalisation) involving deception as to the applicant s identity may fail at the outset to confer citizenship if the deception is sufficiently fundamental. In such cases there would be no need for the Secretary of State to have recourse to the deprivation machinery. 3. By automatic loss: British protected persons and those British subjects who derive their status from a connection with former British India will lose that status if another nationality or citizenship is acquired. 2. International agreements in force - Convention on the Nationality of Married Women UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness Convention on the Reduction of Cases of Multiple Nationality and on Military Obligations in Cases of Multiple Nationality (Chapter II only) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination European Convention on the Adoption of Children Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People s Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong Convention on the Rights of the Child Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Intercountry Adoption Recent legislative developments (from ) Since 1 January 2004 adult applicants for British citizenship have been required to attend a citizenship ceremony. Here, in addition to making an oath of allegiance to the Sovereign, the aspiring citizen pledges his or her loyalty to the United Kingdom and undertakes to respect its rights and freedoms, uphold its democratic values, observe its laws faithfully and fulfil my duties and obligations as a British citizen. Provisions that exempted the Secretary of State for any requirement to give reasons for certain of his decisions, that restricted the ability of the courts to review such decisions and that enabled the Secretary of State to authorise discrimination on grounds of nationality, ethnic or national origin have all been repealed. In addition to the changes that are already in force -see above and main text- the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 will, from a date (or dates) to be decided,

6 - require applicants for naturalisation as a British citizen to demonstrate that they have sufficient knowledge about life in the United Kingdom ; and - extend the existing requirement for basic language skills to applicants who are married to British citizens; and - enable men to pass on the benefits of their status to their illegitimate children, subject to proof of paternity. The Adoption and Children Act 2002 makes certain changes to the British Nationality Act 1981 in anticipation of the possible future extension of the 1992 Convention on Intercountry Adoption to some or all of the British overseas territories. Information about the changes made by the British Overseas Territories Act 2002 has been incorporated into the main text. 4. Draft legislation and new trends (from ) A Bill currently before Parliament would enable certain same-sex couples to form civil partnerships. In doing so they would acquire a package of rights and responsibilities similar to those acquired on marriage. A consequential amendment to the British Nationality Act 1981 would enable the civil partner of a British citizen to obtain naturalisation on the same terms as a person married to a British citizen. The Immigration and Asylum (Treatment of Claimants etc) Bill, also currently before Parliament, would make some changes to the process for appealing against a proposed deprivation of British citizenship. 5. Recent judicial decisions (from ) Peter Harrison v. Secretary of State for the Home Department [2003] ECWA Civ 432: (1) British citizenship is a legal status, possession of which can be determined conclusively only by the courts. (2) The determination of nationality status or citizenship rights is not the determination of civil rights and obligations and therefore does not engage Article 6 ECHR. 6. Recent publications (from ) Secure Borders, Safe Haven Integration with Diversity in Modern Britain (Cm 5387), February 2002 Citizenship Ceremonies Consultation Document, July 2003 Persons Granted British Citizenship United Kingdom 2002 (Home Office Statistical Bulletin 09/03), August 2003 The New and the Old The Report of the Life in the United Kingdom Advisory Group, September 2003

7 7. Any other information The United Kingdom Government has under consideration the possible ratification of the European Convention on Nationality. 8. Enquiries concerning matters relating to nationality (in addition to information which may be obtained from the Council of Europe) Home Office Immigration and Nationality Directorate 3 rd Floor, India Buildings Water Street UK LIVERPOOL L2 0QN Tel Fax Website (including enquiry facility):

Act 1981. British Nationality ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER 61. and Colonies. Community Treaties. relevant employment.

Act 1981. British Nationality ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER 61. and Colonies. Community Treaties. relevant employment. British Nationality Act 1981 CHAPTER 61 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I BRITISH CITIZENSHIP Acquisition after commencement Section 1. Acquisition by birth or adoption. 2. Acquisition by descent. 3. Acquisition

More information

20.1.1 Every person who is a British citizen is so either "by descent" or "otherwise than by descent".

20.1.1 Every person who is a British citizen is so either by descent or otherwise than by descent. Part I: British citizenship Chapter 20: British citizenship "by descent" and "otherwise than by descent" section 14 British Nationality Act 1981 section 3 British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983

More information

Part I: British citizenship. Chapter 18: naturalisation at discretion Section 6 British Nationality Act 1981

Part I: British citizenship. Chapter 18: naturalisation at discretion Section 6 British Nationality Act 1981 Part I: British citizenship Chapter 18: naturalisation at discretion Section 6 British Nationality Act 1981 18.1 Introduction 18.1.1 Naturalisation is the principal means by which adults may acquire British

More information

GUIDE RN Declaration of Renunciation:

GUIDE RN Declaration of Renunciation: GUIDE RN Declaration of Renunciation: British citizenship British overseas territories citizenship British Overseas citizenship British subject status British National (Overseas) status December 2015 This

More information

(1 January 2013 to date) SOUTH AFRICAN CITIZENSHIP ACT 88 of (Gazette no , Notice No Commencement date: 6 October 1995)

(1 January 2013 to date) SOUTH AFRICAN CITIZENSHIP ACT 88 of (Gazette no , Notice No Commencement date: 6 October 1995) (1 January 2013 to date) SOUTH AFRICAN CITIZENSHIP ACT 88 of 1995 (Gazette no. 16751, Notice No.1547. Commencement date: 6 October 1995) As amended by South African Citizenship Amendment Act 69 of 1997

More information

CITIZENSHIP ACT, 2000 (ACT 591)

CITIZENSHIP ACT, 2000 (ACT 591) 1 CITIZENSHIP ACT, 2000 (ACT 591) ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section PART I EXISTING CITIZENSHIP; CITIZENSHIP BY BIRTH 1. Continuation of existing citizenship 2. Ascertainment of the law applicable to citizenship

More information

IRELAND (updated on 13.09.2004) - Irish Nationality & Citizenship Act, 1956 (the principal Act) - Irish Nationality & Citizenship Regulations, 1993

IRELAND (updated on 13.09.2004) - Irish Nationality & Citizenship Act, 1956 (the principal Act) - Irish Nationality & Citizenship Regulations, 1993 IRELAND (updated on 13.09.2004) 1. Legislative provisions concerning nationality. a. Texts in force - Irish Nationality & Citizenship Act, 1956 (the principal Act) - Irish Nationality & Citizenship Act,

More information

CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING ELIGIBILITY

CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING ELIGIBILITY CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING ELIGIBILITY Employment Practice Division Civil Service Capability Group Cabinet Office November 2007 1 CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES GUIDANCE ON CHECKING

More information

TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW

TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW Official Gazette Publication Date and No: 12/6/2009 27256 TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW Law No: 5901 Adoption Date: 29/5/2009 PART ONE Objective, Scope, Definitions and the Implementation of Citizenship Services

More information

Notes for Guidance ROP(E) 149 (8/2015) Chinese version (Form No. ROP(C)149) is also available. 本 表 格 亦 備 有 中 文 版 本 ( 表 格 編 號 ROP(C)149)

Notes for Guidance ROP(E) 149 (8/2015) Chinese version (Form No. ROP(C)149) is also available. 本 表 格 亦 備 有 中 文 版 本 ( 表 格 編 號 ROP(C)149) Notes for Guidance Application for a Hong Kong Permanent Identity Card for a child under 11 years of age in connection with application for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport 1. Submission

More information

REPORT ON THE PROPOSED LAW OF CITIZENSHIP OF BANGLADESH, 2005. Introduction

REPORT ON THE PROPOSED LAW OF CITIZENSHIP OF BANGLADESH, 2005. Introduction REPORT ON THE PROPOSED LAW OF CITIZENSHIP OF BANGLADESH, 2005 Introduction After the emergence of Bangladesh as a sovereign and independent country, a Presidential Order was passed on 15.12.72 entitled

More information

Guide ROA. Guide to the right of abode in the United Kingdom and applying for a certificate of entitlement. Gov.UK

Guide ROA. Guide to the right of abode in the United Kingdom and applying for a certificate of entitlement. Gov.UK 2011 Guide ROA Guide to the right of abode in the United Kingdom and applying for a certificate of entitlement Gov.UK What this guide contains: 1. Introduction. 2. The right of abode. 3. Who has the right

More information

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA /unofficial translation/ LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA Citizenship is the stable legal relationship of a person with the state which is expressed in the totality of their mutual

More information

CITIZENSHIP OF THE REPUBLIC OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ACT

CITIZENSHIP OF THE REPUBLIC OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ACT LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS CITIZENSHIP OF THE REPUBLIC OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ACT CHAPTER 1:50 Act 11 of 1976 Amended by 25 of 1978 17 of 1981 28 of 1981 4/1985 23/1985 21 of

More information

CABINET OFFICE THE CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES

CABINET OFFICE THE CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES ANNEX A CABINET OFFICE THE CIVIL SERVICE NATIONALITY RULES Introduction The Civil Service Nationality Rules concern eligibility for employment in the Civil Service on the grounds of nationality and must

More information

A law to make provision for the citizenship of the Republic and for matters connected therewith

A law to make provision for the citizenship of the Republic and for matters connected therewith A law to make provision for the citizenship of the Republic and for matters connected therewith The House of Representatives enacts as follows: PART I. PRELIMINARY 1. This Law may be cited as the Republic

More information

NATURALIZATION. Government of the Turks & Caicos Islands Ministry of Home Affairs & Public Safety

NATURALIZATION. Government of the Turks & Caicos Islands Ministry of Home Affairs & Public Safety INTRODUCTION AND ESSENTIAL DEFINITIONS NATURALIZATION Government of the Turks & Caicos Islands Ministry of Home Affairs & Public Safety This serves as a means of informing the public about the facts concerning

More information

Citizenship: Registration and Naturalization of foreign nationals intending to acquire Botswana Citizenship. CITIZENSHIP REQUIREMENTS AND PROCESSES

Citizenship: Registration and Naturalization of foreign nationals intending to acquire Botswana Citizenship. CITIZENSHIP REQUIREMENTS AND PROCESSES CITIZENSHIP Citizenship: Registration and Naturalization of foreign nationals intending to acquire Botswana Citizenship. CITIZENSHIP REQUIREMENTS AND PROCESSES FORM C - APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION AS

More information

Confirmation of British nationality status

Confirmation of British nationality status GUIDE NS June 2014 Confirmation of British nationality status A guide for applicants requesting confirmation that they already hold British nationality status Gov.uk Contents Introduction to the guide

More information

GUIDE EM RSIAS AISH CITIZEN UNDER THE BRITISHTIONALITY (HONG KONG) ACT 1997 A guide to registration as a British citizen under the British

GUIDE EM RSIAS AISH CITIZEN UNDER THE BRITISHTIONALITY (HONG KONG) ACT 1997 A guide to registration as a British citizen under the British GUIDE EM RSIAS AISH CITIZEN UNDER THE BRITISHTIONALITY (HONG KONG) ACT 1997 A guide to registration as a British citizen under the British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act 1997 January 2016 The following guidance

More information

EVIDENCE LIST FOR GIVING NOTICE OF MARRIAGE OR CIVIL PARTNERSHIP

EVIDENCE LIST FOR GIVING NOTICE OF MARRIAGE OR CIVIL PARTNERSHIP EVIDENCE LIST FOR GIVING NOTICE OF MARRIAGE OR CIVIL PARTNERSHIP This document provides a list of the evidence which has been prescribed in regulations to enable a person to give notice of their intention

More information

CONVENTION ON CERTAIN QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE CONFLICT OF NATIONALITY LAWS THE HAGUE - 12 APRIL 1930

CONVENTION ON CERTAIN QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE CONFLICT OF NATIONALITY LAWS THE HAGUE - 12 APRIL 1930 CONVENTION ON CERTAIN QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE CONFLICT OF NATIONALITY LAWS THE HAGUE - 12 APRIL 1930 CONSIDERING that it is of importance to settle by international agreement questions relating to the

More information

OISC LEVEL 1 EXAM RESOURCE BOOK

OISC LEVEL 1 EXAM RESOURCE BOOK OISC LEVEL 1 EXAM RESOURCE BOOK AUGUST 2015 VERSION The August 2015 version of this resource book has been updated to include the amended Part 2, and Appendix V of the Immigration Rules, and amendments

More information

Portuguese Nationality Act Law 37/81, of 3 October Consolidated version, as amended by Organic Law 2/2006, of 17 April

Portuguese Nationality Act Law 37/81, of 3 October Consolidated version, as amended by Organic Law 2/2006, of 17 April Portuguese Nationality Act Law 37/81, of 3 October Consolidated version, as amended by Organic Law 2/2006, of 17 April TITLE I Attribution, acquisition and loss of nationality CHAPTER I Attribution of

More information

by or on behalf of a stateless person born before 1 January 1983

by or on behalf of a stateless person born before 1 January 1983 Form S1 Application for registration as - a British citizen, a British Overseas Territories citizen, or a British Overseas citizen by or on behalf of a stateless person born before 1 January 1983 IMPORTANT:

More information

Immigration Act 2014 CHAPTER 22. Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately

Immigration Act 2014 CHAPTER 22. Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately Immigration Act 2014 CHAPTER 22 Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately 20. 75 Immigration Act 2014 CHAPTER 22 CONTENTS PART 1 REMOVAL

More information

Applying for a passport from outside the UK Supporting Documents

Applying for a passport from outside the UK Supporting Documents Applying for a from outside Supporting Documents Group 1: Your application will be delayed if you don t include all your supporting. If we have to write to you for missing, or additional, you ll need to

More information

Application for United Kingdom Passport for applicants 16 and over

Application for United Kingdom Passport for applicants 16 and over For Official Use Passport Number... Please complete Passport Holder s name (and use ink and capital letters, if handwriting) Initials Family name Date of Travel Form NB. You must be in the country where

More information

Nationality Act (359/2003)

Nationality Act (359/2003) NB: Unofficial translation Ministry of the Interior, Finland Nationality Act (359/2003) Chapter 1 General provisions Section 1 Scope of application and purpose This Act lays down provisions on the requirements

More information

Application for a United Kingdom Emergency Travel Document

Application for a United Kingdom Emergency Travel Document Application for a United Kingdom Emergency Travel Document Please supply the following: > Passport sized photograph > Police report (for stolen passports) > Correct fee > Form of personal identification

More information

PROCEDURE FOR APPLYING ONLINE FOR INDIAN CITIZENSHIP

PROCEDURE FOR APPLYING ONLINE FOR INDIAN CITIZENSHIP PROCEDURE FOR APPLYING ONLINE FOR INDIAN CITIZENSHIP 1. Introduction to Indian Citizenship: The Constitution of India provides a single citizenship for the entire country. The Citizenship Act enacted by

More information

The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006

The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2006 No. 1003 IMMIGRATION The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 Made - - - - - 30th March 2006 Laid before Parliament 4th April 2006 Coming into force - - 30th

More information

INTER-COUNTRY SURROGACY AND THE IMMIGRATION RULES

INTER-COUNTRY SURROGACY AND THE IMMIGRATION RULES INTER-COUNTRY SURROGACY AND THE IMMIGRATION RULES This leaflet explains some basic requirements of United Kingdom law and guidance regarding surrogacy and what must be done to allow children who have been

More information

REPUBLIC OF VANUATU CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) ACT NO. 39 OF 2013. Arrangement of Sections

REPUBLIC OF VANUATU CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) ACT NO. 39 OF 2013. Arrangement of Sections REPUBLIC OF VANUATU CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) ACT NO. 39 OF 2013 Arrangement of Sections 1 Amendment... 2 2 Commencement... 2 Citizenship (Amendment) Act No. 39 of 2013 1 Assent: 16/01/2014 Commencement:

More information

FEDERAL LAW No. 62-FZ of 31 May 2002 On Citizenship of the Russian Federation

FEDERAL LAW No. 62-FZ of 31 May 2002 On Citizenship of the Russian Federation Unofficial translation FEDERAL LAW No. 62-FZ of 31 May 2002 On Citizenship of the Russian Federation Adopted by the State Duma on 19 April 2002 Approved by the Council of the Federation on 15 May 2002

More information

Netherlands Nationality Act (as in force on 13 April 2010)

Netherlands Nationality Act (as in force on 13 April 2010) Netherlands Nationality Act (as in force on 13 April 2010) CHAPTER 1. General Provisions Article 1 1. For the purposes of this Kingdom Act and the provisions relying thereon: a. Our Minister means Our

More information

CHAPTER 66 THE UGANDA CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION CONTROL ACT. Arrangement of Sections.

CHAPTER 66 THE UGANDA CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION CONTROL ACT. Arrangement of Sections. CHAPTER 66 THE UGANDA CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION CONTROL ACT. Section 1. Commencement. 2. Interpretation. Arrangement of Sections. PART I PRELIMINARY. PART II NATIONAL CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION BOARD.

More information

Ad-Hoc Query on the revocation of citizenship on the basis of voluntary military service in a foreign country

Ad-Hoc Query on the revocation of citizenship on the basis of voluntary military service in a foreign country Ad-Hoc Query on the revocation of citizenship on the basis of voluntary military service in a foreign country Requested by NO EMN NCP on 22. September 2014 Compilation prepared 31 October 2014 Responses

More information

SUMMARY GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS ON PREVENTING ILLEGAL WORKING IN THE UK. April 2012

SUMMARY GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS ON PREVENTING ILLEGAL WORKING IN THE UK. April 2012 SUMMARY GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS ON PREVENTING ILLEGAL WORKING IN THE UK April 2012 CONTENTS Who should read this guide?...3 Complaints...3 1. Why is preventing illegal working so important?...4 2. What is

More information

WHAT WOULD LIFE BE LIKE IF YOU HAD NO. nationality?

WHAT WOULD LIFE BE LIKE IF YOU HAD NO. nationality? WHAT WOULD LIFE BE LIKE IF YOU HAD NO nationality? UNHCR / Y. SAITA UNHCR / A. HOLLMANN These and other problems are UNHCR / R. REDMOND UNHCR / A. HOLLMANN S T A T E UNHCR / B. NAHAJLO WHAT WOULD LIFE

More information

3.1 The wording to be used in each case is given in Schedule 5 to the 1981 Act, as amended.

3.1 The wording to be used in each case is given in Schedule 5 to the 1981 Act, as amended. OATH OF ALLEGIANCE AND PLEDGE OF LOYALTY 1. S.42 of the British Nationality Act 1981, as amended, provides that: A person aged over 18 cannot be registered or naturalised as British citizen unless he or

More information

CHAPTER 131 ADOPTION OF CHILDREN

CHAPTER 131 ADOPTION OF CHILDREN [CH.131 3 CHAPTER 131 SUPREME COURT () RULES (SECTION 17) [Commencement 24th February, 1955] 1. (1) These Rules may be cited as the Supreme Court (Adoption of Children) Rules. (2) In these Rules, the expression

More information

SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES

SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES Table of Contents SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES 1. Introduction 1.1 Application of this Instruction in Respect of Children and those with Children 2. The Dublin Arrangements 3. The

More information

Identity Cards Act 2006

Identity Cards Act 2006 Identity Cards Act 2006 CHAPTER 15 Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately 6 50 Identity Cards Act 2006 CHAPTER 15 CONTENTS Registration

More information

Act LV. of 1993 on Hungarian Citizenship

Act LV. of 1993 on Hungarian Citizenship Act LV. of 1993 on Hungarian Citizenship In the interest of preserving the moral importance of Hungarian citizenship and strengthening the attachment of Hungarian citizens to the Republic of Hungary, also

More information

Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1956

Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1956 Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1956 Following is the text of the 1956 Act (No. 26 of 1956) as amended by the Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1986 (No. 23 of 1986), the Irish Nationality and

More information

Citizenship Law. Chapter One General Provisions

Citizenship Law. Chapter One General Provisions Disclaimer: The English language text below is provided by the Translation and Terminology Centre for information only; it confers no rights and imposes no obligations separate from those conferred or

More information

Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1956

Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1956 Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1956 Following is the text of the 1956 Act (No. 26 of 1956) as amended by the Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act 1986 (No. 23 of 1986), the Irish Nationality and

More information

Employee eligibility to work in the UK

Employee eligibility to work in the UK Employee eligibility to work in the UK This document details legal requirements that apply to ALL new members of staff All employers in the UK are legally bound to comply with the Asylum and Immigration

More information

POLITICAL AND CIVIL STATUS OF WOMEN

POLITICAL AND CIVIL STATUS OF WOMEN 2 POLITICAL AND CIVIL STATUS OF WOMEN as of January 1, 1953 Political Status Nationality Citizenship in the United States is acquired in the same way by men and women; that is, by birth within the domain,

More information

CITIZENSHIP REGULATIONS, 2001 (LI 1690).

CITIZENSHIP REGULATIONS, 2001 (LI 1690). 1 CITIZENSHIP REGULATIONS, 2001 (LI 1690). ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS Regulation 1. Notification of citizenship of an adopted child 2. Oath of allegiance and adopted child 3. Application for citizenship

More information

UPDATE: Changes in the Hungarian Citizenship Law and adopted on 26 May 2010

UPDATE: Changes in the Hungarian Citizenship Law and adopted on 26 May 2010 UPDATE: Changes in the Hungarian Citizenship Law and adopted on 26 May 2010 On May 26, 2010, the Hungarian Parliament has amended the Citizenship Law. In what follows, EUDO CITIZENSHIP expert Judit Tóth

More information

Instructions for expatriate Finns

Instructions for expatriate Finns Instructions for expatriate Finns Information about the address and personal circumstances of Finnish nationals residing abroad only stay up to date if they report any changes in such information to the

More information

1.3 Acquisition of British subject status by birth

1.3 Acquisition of British subject status by birth BRITISH NATIONALITY: SUMMARY 1. The position at common law 1.1 The forerunner of modern nationality was Allegiance. Feudal lords demanded the allegiance of their local communities and those lords, in turn,

More information

Citizenship Policies in an Era of Globalization

Citizenship Policies in an Era of Globalization Citizenship Policies in an Era of Globalization Still the Prerogative of the Nation-State? Maarten Vink Maastricht University European University Institute Questions & Answers Is citizenship still the

More information

THE KENYA CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION ACT, 2011

THE KENYA CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION ACT, 2011 LAWS OF KENYA THE KENYA CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION ACT, 2011 NO. 12 OF 2011 Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General www.kenyalaw.org 2 No. 12 Kenya

More information

Bermuda Status and Permanent Residents Certificates

Bermuda Status and Permanent Residents Certificates Bermuda Status and Permanent Residents Certificates Foreword This Memorandum sets out some of the basic principles pertaining to the designation of Bermuda Status and the acquisition of Permanent Residents

More information

Information Available to U.S. Citizens

Information Available to U.S. Citizens Information Available to U.S. Citizens WHAT INFORMATION ARE YOU SEEKING? (PLEASE CHOOSE ONE BELOW) Information about U.S. Passports, Traveling Abroad and Returning to the US After a Trip How to Get Proof

More information

Adoption and Children (Scotland) Bill [AS AMENDED AT STAGE 2]

Adoption and Children (Scotland) Bill [AS AMENDED AT STAGE 2] Adoption and Children (Scotland) Bill [AS AMENDED AT STAGE 2] CONTENTS Section PART 1 ADOPTION CHAPTER 1 ADOPTION SUPPORT SERVICES Adoption support services 1 Duty of local authority to provide adoption

More information

LUXEMBOURG. . co-ordinated text of 11 December 1986 (Mémorial 1986,2354)

LUXEMBOURG. . co-ordinated text of 11 December 1986 (Mémorial 1986,2354) LUXEMBOURG 1. Legislative provisions concerning nationality a. Texts in force - National legislation. Articles 9 and 10 of the Constitution. Act of 22 February 1968 on Luxembourg nationality (Mémorial

More information

This is a publication of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. FAQ Same-sex marriage 2010

This is a publication of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. FAQ Same-sex marriage 2010 This is a publication of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs FAQ Same-sex marriage 2010 1 1. Same-sex marriage 2. Alternative types of partnership 3. Conversion 4. Recognition abroad 5. Non-Dutch

More information

THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2005

THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2005 SERVER 3 \ BILL 2004 \ RS \ 1703RS TO BE INTRODUCED IN THE RAJYA SABHA Bill No. LXXV of 2005 THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2005 A BILL further to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955. 57 of 1955. 5 10 BE

More information

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN. Nationality Regulations, 2011

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN. Nationality Regulations, 2011 REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN Nationality Regulations, 2011 Table of Contents Chapter 1: General and Preliminary Provisions... 3 Preliminary Provisions... 3 Interpretation of the Regulations... 3 Interpretation

More information

MARRIAGE RIGHTS I N I L L I N O I S

MARRIAGE RIGHTS I N I L L I N O I S MARRIAGE RIGHTS I N I L L I N O I S FOREWORD At Equality Illinois, we work to promote a fair and unified Illinois where everyone is treated equally with dignity and respect and where all people live freely

More information

Home Office travel documents

Home Office travel documents s Page 1 of 52 Guidance s version 6.0 Valid from 29 October 2013 s travel (HOTD) a Office travel This guidance tells you about the types of s (HOTD) and: who qualifies for each type how applicants can

More information

Click here for Explanatory Memorandum

Click here for Explanatory Memorandum Click here for Explanatory Memorandum BILLE NÁISIÚNTACHA AGUS SAORÁNACHTA ÉIREANN 2004 IRISH NATIONALITY AND CITIZENSHIP BILL 2004 Section 1. Definitions. Mar a tionscnaíodh As initiated ARRANGEMENT OF

More information

Immigration Act 1971

Immigration Act 1971 Immigration Act 1971 CHAPTER 77 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I REGULATION OF ENTRY INTO AND STAY IN UNITED KINGDOM Section 1. General principles. 2. Statement of right of abode, and related amendments

More information

Form AN Application for Naturalisation as a British Citizen

Form AN Application for Naturalisation as a British Citizen Form AN Application for Naturalisation as a British Citizen January 2016 Application for naturalisation as a British citizen Important: Before completing this form, you should read the Guide AN as well

More information

Annex E to Chapter 18. Section 1 - This section deals with applications received on or after 28 October 2013

Annex E to Chapter 18. Section 1 - This section deals with applications received on or after 28 October 2013 Annex E to Chapter 18 Section 1 - This section deals with applications received on or after 28 October 2013 Section 2 - This section deals with applications received between 7 April 2010 and 27 October

More information

Number 38 of 2004 IRISH NATIONALITY AND CITIZENSHIP ACT 2004 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. 4. Citizenship of children of certain non-nationals.

Number 38 of 2004 IRISH NATIONALITY AND CITIZENSHIP ACT 2004 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. 4. Citizenship of children of certain non-nationals. Number 38 of 2004 IRISH NATIONALITY AND CITIZENSHIP ACT 2004 Section 1. Definitions. ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 2. section 2 of 3. section 6 of 4. Citizenship of children of certain non-nationals. 5. Repeal

More information

The official nomination of national focal points for issues relating to statelessness in seven (7) States (commitment 22)

The official nomination of national focal points for issues relating to statelessness in seven (7) States (commitment 22) COMMUNIQUÉ The West Africa Consultative Conference on the Right to a Nationality and Statelessness: Challenges and Opportunities, co-organised by Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) and the

More information

Cyprus Act, 1960 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. to the Commonwealth. 7. Short title and interpretation.

Cyprus Act, 1960 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. to the Commonwealth. 7. Short title and interpretation. Cyprus Act, 1960 8 & 9 ELIz. 2 CH. 52 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section 1. Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus as an independent sovereign country. 2. The Sovereign Base Areas. 3. Operation of existing

More information

Malaysia Act 1963 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER 35

Malaysia Act 1963 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER 35 Malaysia Act 1963 CHAPTER 35 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section 1. Malaysia. 2. Consequential modifications of British Nationality Acts. 3. Operation of existing law. 4. Power to make consequential provisions.

More information

Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013

Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 CHAPTER 30 Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately 10.75 Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 CHAPTER

More information

CONVENTION ON SOCIAL SECURITY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MALTA AND THE

CONVENTION ON SOCIAL SECURITY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MALTA AND THE CONVENTION ON SOCIAL SECURITY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MALTA AND THE Government OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND (In force as from 1 st September 1996) The Government

More information

Migration and Citizenship

Migration and Citizenship Migration and Citizenship Section 3.7 Topics: Citizenship Citizenship Laws Citizenship and Migrants Loss of Citizenship Essentials of Migration Management Volume Three: Managing Migration Migration and

More information

Guide AN. Naturalisation as a British citizen A guide for applicants To be read in conjunction with Booklet AN

Guide AN. Naturalisation as a British citizen A guide for applicants To be read in conjunction with Booklet AN Guide AN Naturalisation as a British citizen A guide for applicants To be read in conjunction with Booklet AN March 2015 1 CONTENTS 1 Introduction to the guide 3 2 How to fill in the application form 4

More information

United States Office of Personnel Management Investigations Service. Citizenship Laws of the World

United States Office of Personnel Management Investigations Service. Citizenship Laws of the World United States Office of Personnel Management Investigations Service Citizenship Laws of the World IS-1 March 2001 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL INFORMATION - Pages 3 through 8 Introduction - Page 3

More information

Code of practice on preventing illegal working Civil penalty scheme for employers

Code of practice on preventing illegal working Civil penalty scheme for employers Code of practice on preventing illegal working Civil penalty scheme for employers May 2014 1 Table of Contents 1: Introduction 3 For whom is this Code of practice relevant? 4 How should this Code of practice

More information

Canada s Citizenship and Immigration Laws

Canada s Citizenship and Immigration Laws Canada s Citizenship and Immigration Laws Glossary Administrative Body A board or commission that regulates and administers laws, for example The Immigration and Refugee Board. The board or commission

More information

1.6 Legitimacy of a child born during the continuance of a marriage

1.6 Legitimacy of a child born during the continuance of a marriage Legitimacy 1. Introduction 1.1 Section 50(9) of the British Nationality Act 1981 explains that, for the purposes of the Act, where a child is born before 1 July 2006 "the relationship of a mother and child

More information

A guide to intercountry adoption for UK residents

A guide to intercountry adoption for UK residents A guide to intercountry adoption for UK residents Department for Education This leaflet provides an overview of the process for intercountry adoption where children are brought into the UK. It should not

More information

Citizenship for Children

Citizenship for Children Chapter Eight Citizenship for Children In this Chapter: Overview Acquisition of Citizenship Derivation of Citizenship Certificate of Citizenship Naturalization of Children And the loveliest thing there

More information

Secretariat. United Nations ST/AI/2000/19. Administrative instruction

Secretariat. United Nations ST/AI/2000/19. Administrative instruction United Nations ST/AI/2000/19 Secretariat 18 December 2000 Administrative instruction Visa status of non-united States staff members serving in the United States, members of their household and their household

More information

Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16

Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16 Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16 Summary The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (the Commission):

More information

Assessing Eligibility Guidance

Assessing Eligibility Guidance Assessing Eligibility Guidance Higher Education Student Finance in England 2012/13 Academic Year HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENT SUPPORT IN ENGLAND IN 2012/13: ASSESSING ELIGIBILITY February 2013 Attached is

More information

Rights of appeal. Version 3.0

Rights of appeal. Version 3.0 Rights of appeal Version 3.0 Guidance on when there is a right of appeal against decisions in immigration cases, including mechanisms to prevent repeat rights of appeal and prevent delay from appeals against

More information

Form NR Reconsideration of decisions to refuse British citizenship

Form NR Reconsideration of decisions to refuse British citizenship Form NR Reconsideration of decisions to refuse British citizenship September 2015 Form RN Reconsideration of decisions to refuse British citizenship 1. Introduction 2. How decisions on citizenship applications

More information

Guide AN. Naturalisation as a British citizen A guide for applicants To be read in conjunction with Booklet AN

Guide AN. Naturalisation as a British citizen A guide for applicants To be read in conjunction with Booklet AN Guide AN Naturalisation as a British citizen A guide for applicants To be read in conjunction with Booklet AN June 2016 1 CONTENTS 1 Introduction to the guide 3 2 How to fill in the application form 4

More information

The organization believes that the Law and its preamble present some positive features, such as:

The organization believes that the Law and its preamble present some positive features, such as: AI Index: AMR 27/008/2014 Tuesday 3 June 2014 DOMINICAN REPUBLIC -- Open Letter to President Danilo Medina regarding law 169/14 establishing a special regime for people who were born in the national territory

More information

Form AN Application for Naturalisation as a British Citizen

Form AN Application for Naturalisation as a British Citizen Form AN Application for Naturalisation as a British Citizen March 2015 Application for naturalisation as a British citizen Important: Before completing this form, you should read the Guide AN as well as

More information

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFENSE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS. Appearances

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFENSE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS. Appearances DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFENSE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS In the matter of: ) ) ) ISCR Case No. 06-26561 SSN: ) ) Applicant for Security Clearance ) Appearances For Government: Ray T. Blank, Jr., Esquire,

More information

Nationality in public international law and european law

Nationality in public international law and european law Nationality in public international law and european law Kay Hailbronner 1.1 The concept of nationality in public international law 1.1.1 Nationality and the sovereign state Nationality in a historic perspective

More information

The Postgraduate Experience Project (PEP) MSc Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Fee Scholarship Scheme for 2014-15 entry

The Postgraduate Experience Project (PEP) MSc Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Fee Scholarship Scheme for 2014-15 entry The Postgraduate Experience Project (PEP) MSc Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Fee Scholarship Scheme for 2014-15 entry Applicant Guidance Notes A. About the Postgraduate Experience

More information

Bills Digest No. 74 2001 02

Bills Digest No. 74 2001 02 Department of the Parliamentary Library IN FORM ATION AND R ESEARCH S ERVICES Bills Digest No. 74 2001 02 Australian Citizenship Legislation Amendment Bill 2001 ISSN 1328-8091 Copyright Commonwealth of

More information

2016 No. 226 IMMIGRATION NATIONALITY. The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2016

2016 No. 226 IMMIGRATION NATIONALITY. The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2016 S T A T U T O R Y I N S T R U M E N T S 2016 No. 226 IMMIGRATION NATIONALITY The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2016 Made - - - - 23rd February 2016 Laid before Parliament 26th February

More information

Use and Change of Names

Use and Change of Names Use and Change of Names 16 August 2016 Issued by International and Immigration Policy Group Home Office Contents Introduction... 3 Policy Rationale... 3 What is the requirement of the policy?... 3 What

More information

Freedom of Information Act 2000

Freedom of Information Act 2000 ch3600a00a 02-12-00 01:13:30 ACTA Unit: PAGA Rev RA Proof, 29.11.2000 Freedom of Information Act 2000 CHAPTER 36 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Part I Access to information held by public authorities Right to

More information

Executive Order on Residence in Denmark for Aliens Falling within the Rules of the European Union (the EU Residence Order) 1

Executive Order on Residence in Denmark for Aliens Falling within the Rules of the European Union (the EU Residence Order) 1 Act No. 322 of 21 April 2009 Executive Order on Residence in Denmark for Aliens Falling within the Rules of the European Union (the EU Residence Order) 1 The following is laid down pursuant to section

More information

citizen has rights and obligations in relation to State. Reciprocally, State has obligation to

citizen has rights and obligations in relation to State. Reciprocally, State has obligation to LAW ON CITIZENSHIP GOVERNING LAW: Citizenship is governed by Law No. 12 of 2006 dated 1 Aug. Of 2006 concerning Citizenship of Republic of Indonesia. PUBLIC POLICY: State citizens constitute one of true

More information