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1 EMT-B Quiz 9 1. Emergencies are rarely stressful 2. The positive form of stress that helps people work under pressure and respond effectively is: a. anxiety b. eustress c. residual tension d. distress 3. Cases of abuse and neglect occur only in the lower socieconomic levels of society. 4. A single incident that produces multiple patients is a(n): a. MSG b. MCI

2 c. MVP d. MCA 5. It is critical that CISD does not become a method for investigation of the events of a call. a. 6. The goal of the CISD is to: a. assist emergency care workers in dealing with stress b. allocate funds for ambulance services c. assign blame for the incident d. assist patient to recover 7. The CISD process cannot help to accelerate the recovery process a. 8. An initial component of the CISD, which may be held before the formal debriefing, is called a(n):

3 a. escape mechanism b. resolution c. R&R process d. defusing session 9. Keeping yourself safe is your first priority when providing medical care as an EMT-B 10. The stage of grieving in which a patient seeks to postpone death, even for a short time is: a. denial b. anger c. bargaining d. acceptance 11. Diseases are caused by pathogens, which may be spread through the air or by contact with blood and/or body fluids.

4 12. Organisms that cause infection, such as viruses and bacteria, are: a. poisons b. toxins c. pathogens d. venoms 13. In the practice of prehospital emergency care, all body fluids must be considered infectious. 14. Equipment and procedures that protect you from the blood and body fluids of the patient are referred to as: a. body substance isolation precautions b. infective body fluid measures

5 c. isolated infection controls d. preventive control substance standards 15. Under OSHA guidelines, employers and employees share responsibility for precautions against exposure to bloodborne pathogens 16. Gloves, masks, and gowns are examples of: a. OSHA b. CDC c. PPE d. HEPA 17. Recent legislation had made it possible for emergency care providers to be notified if a patient with whom they have had contact turns out to be infected by a disease or virus

6 18. It is important that the EMT follow the same path in and out of a crime scene in order to: a. assist the police officer in scene control b. expedite patient care c. prevent disturbing the crime scene d. throughly document the location of the crime 19. It is imperative that the EMT-B changes gloves between every patient contact. 20. The agency that has issued strict guidelines detailing precautions against exposure to bloodborne pathogens is the: a. Occupational Safety and Health Administration b. American Red Cross Corporation c. Center for the Control of Diseases d. Citizens for a Progressive America 21. Because EMT-Bs wear protective gloves while with patients, hand washing is not essential after each call.

7 22. Which of the following materials is NOT recommended for gloves to be used when there is the potential for contact with blood and other body fluids? a. cotton b. latex c. vinyl d. synthetics 23. An N-95 or HEPA respirator should be worn after contact with an HIV-positive patient. 24. Personal protective equipment includes all of the following EXCEPT: a. goggles b. a HEPA respirator c. vinyl glove d. cotton scrub pants

8 25. In some jurisdictions, when a patient is suspected of having an infection spread by droplets, a surgical-type mask may be placed on the patient if he is alert and cooperative. 26. In cases where TB is suspected, use a(n) a. cotton mask b. HEPA respirator c. surgical mask d. PPD gown 27. TB is highly contagious 28. A situation that would usually call for the use of a gown as protection would be one involving: a. a patient with diagnosis of TB b. a patient with a fractured leg

9 c. venous bleeding d. childbirth 29. HIV/AIDS presents a greater risk to health care workers than hepatitis and TB 30. An infection that causes an inflammation of the liver is: a. hepatitis b. pneumonia c. TB d. kephosis 31. Clean and sanitary conditions of the emergency response vehicles and work sites are the responsibilty of both the EMT-B and the employer 32. The three "Rs" of reacting to danger are:

10 a. retreat, radio, reevaluate b. run, rest, return c. run, regroup, reattack d. radio, regroup, respond 33. According th CDC guidelines, exposure to airborne pathogens may occur when you share "air space" with a TB patient 34. Hepatitis B, TB, and AIDS are the communicable diseases of greatest concern because they are: a. life-threatening b. always fatal c. untreatable d. contagious 35. An EMT-B exposed to bloodborne pathogens should seek medical attention within four weeks after the exposure.

11 36. The test that can detect exposure to tuberculosis is the: a. PPD test b. PSA test c. SAT test d. Elisa test 37. If a contaminated patient is brought into an ambulance, the vehicle should be considered contaminated and should not be used again until it is throughly decomtaminated 38. Under the Ryan White CARE act, the officials in every emergency response organization who gather facts about possible emergency responder exposure to infectious diseases are the: a. on-scene officers b. incident command officers c. designated officers d. medical control officers

12 39. If a CISD debriefing is thorough, follow-up is not essential 40. Vehicles,structures, and storage containers holding hazardous materials should be identified with: a. placards b. reflectors c. warning flags d. strobe lights

13 Answers: EMT-B Quiz 9 1. Emergencies are rarely stressful Your answer: False 2. The positive form of stress that helps people work under pressure and respond effectively is: Your answer: eustress 3. Cases of abuse and neglect occur only in the lower socieconomic levels of society. Your answer: False 4. A single incident that produces multiple patients is a(n): Your answer: MCI 5. It is critical that CISD does not become a method for investigation of the events of a call. 6. The goal of the CISD is to: Your answer: assist emergency care workers in dealing with stress

14 7. The CISD process cannot help to accelerate the recovery process Your answer: False 8. An initial component of the CISD, which may be held before the formal debriefing, is called a(n): Your answer: defusing session 9. Keeping yourself safe is your first priority when providing medical care as an EMT-B 10. The stage of grieving in which a patient seeks to postpone death, even for a short time is: Your answer: bargaining 11. Diseases are caused by pathogens, which may be spread through the air or by contact with blood and/or body fluids. 12. Organisms that cause infection, such as viruses and bacteria, are: Your answer: pathogens 13. In the practice of prehospital emergency care, all body fluids must be considered infectious. 14. Equipment and procedures that protect you from the blood and body fluids of the patient are referred to as: Your answer: body substance isolation precautions 15. Under OSHA guidelines, employers and employees share responsibility for precautions against exposure to bloodborne pathogens

15 16. Gloves, masks, and gowns are examples of: Your answer: PPE 17. Recent legislation had made it possible for emergency care providers to be notified if a patient with whom they have had contact turns out to be infected by a disease or virus 18. It is important that the EMT follow the same path in and out of a crime scene in order to: Your answer: prevent disturbing the crime scene 19. It is imperative that the EMT-B changes gloves between every patient contact. 20. The agency that has issued strict guidelines detailing precautions against exposure to bloodborne pathogens is the: Your answer: Occupational Safety and Health Administration 21. Because EMT-Bs wear protective gloves while with patients, hand washing is not essential after each call. Your answer: False 22. Which of the following materials is NOT recommended for gloves to be used when there is the potential for contact with blood and other body fluids? Your answer: cotton 23. An N-95 or HEPA respirator should be worn after contact with an HIV-positive patient. Your answer: False 24. Personal protective equipment includes all of the following EXCEPT: Your answer: cotton scrub pants

16 25. In some jurisdictions, when a patient is suspected of having an infection spread by droplets, a surgical-type mask may be placed on the patient if he is alert and cooperative. 26. In cases where TB is suspected, use a(n) Your answer: HEPA respirator 27. TB is highly contagious 28. A situation that would usually call for the use of a gown as protection would be one involving: Your answer: childbirth 29. HIV/AIDS presents a greater risk to health care workers than hepatitis and TB Your answer: False 30. An infection that causes an inflammation of the liver is: Your answer: hepatitis 31. Clean and sanitary conditions of the emergency response vehicles and work sites are the responsibilty of both the EMT-B and the employer 32. The three "Rs" of reacting to danger are: Your answer: retreat, radio, reevaluate 33. According th CDC guidelines, exposure to airborne pathogens may occur when you share "air space" with a TB patient

17 34. Hepatitis B, TB, and AIDS are the communicable diseases of greatest concern because they are: Your answer: life-threatening 35. An EMT-B exposed to bloodborne pathogens should seek medical attention within four weeks after the exposure. Your answer: False 36. The test that can detect exposure to tuberculosis is the: Your answer: PPD test 37. If a contaminated patient is brought into an ambulance, the vehicle should be considered contaminated and should not be used again until it is throughly decomtaminated 38. Under the Ryan White CARE act, the officials in every emergency response organization who gather facts about possible emergency responder exposure to infectious diseases are the: Your answer: designated officers 39. If a CISD debriefing is thorough, follow-up is not essential Your answer: False 40. Vehicles,structures, and storage containers holding hazardous materials should be identified with: Your answer: placards

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