Proceedings of the 5th WSEAS International Conference on Economy and Management Transformation (Volume II)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Proceedings of the 5th WSEAS International Conference on Economy and Management Transformation (Volume II)"

Transcription

1 The Entrepreneurial Profile of the Bihor County Women Wishing to Start Businesses. Case Study A Research Performed within the ANTRES Project - Entrepreneurship and Equality of Chances. An Inter-regional Model of Entrepreneurial School for Women. MARIA-MADELA ABRUDAN OLIMPIA BAN Department of Economics MIRELA BUCUREAN NICOLETA BUGNAR Department of International Businesses DORINA POPA Department of Finance-Accounting SIMONA BODOG ADELA LAURA POPA Abstract: - Based on the experience accumulated by the authors of the paper within the ANTRES Project - Entrepreneurship and Equality of Chances. An Inter-regional Model of Entrepreneurial School for Women, which took place between , the paper, starting with the presentation of the economic-social characteristics of Bihor county as a premise and training frame of the entrepreneur woman, presents the results of a study at the level of Bihor county, whose results shape the entrepreneurial profile of the urban women of Bihor county wishing to start businesses and who have benefited from training in the entrepreneurial field within the activities of the project. Key-Words: - female entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial profile, business start-up, abilities, opportunities, obstacles 1 Female entrepreneurship The rapid technological process generates business opportunities and the entrepreneurs necessity to adapt to the changes incurred in the environment and with it the development of entrepreneurial skills allowing them to generate and develop the existing businesses by ISSN: ISBN:

2 implementing some strategies both by penetrating and remaining on the market. Classification of a company or economic entity in the category of entrepreneurial knew different views and we can say that entrepreneurship should not be characterized by the size of a company, but by the spirit of initiative, creative attitude, innovation, risk taking [2]. Studies in the field of female entrepreneurship show that the female entrepreneurs have an important impact on economy, both through their ability to create jobs for themselves and to create jobs for others. Women initiating businesses or women being managers or owners of small firms are still a few in the majority of countries, this being determined by the specific obstacles that women face, that is: the type of education, the lack of models in entrepreneurship, weak social status, the access to financial resources etc. In order to emphasise the differences between women and men as entrepreneurs, we must have in view the female entrepreneurship both at the individual level and at the company level in order to identify the performance of the companies run by women. Apart from these, the female entrepreneurship is influenced by women status in the society as well as by the role of entrepreneurship in this society, in this view being involved both the factors affecting this particular dimension system and the factors affecting the entrepreneurship in society [12]. On the other side, the psychological characteristics of female entrepreneurs have been analysed in many studies, beginning with 1983 [6] and 1987 [4]. The emphasis was on finding some correlations between the woman s psychological profile and the success of the business. Actually, they were looking for the optimum combination of psychological characteristics which could generate success in business. One of the recent subjects is the research of the woman s personal development in relation with the development of a personal business, through the experience accumulated [5] [7]. Most studies concluded that regarding the aspect of general psychological and demographic characteristics, the female entrepreneur resembles the male entrepreneur. We mention here only a few: the age between years old, the marital status married [4]. Other general characteristics defining a successful female entrepreneur are: the work capacity, the desire to be successful, the desire to earn money, the trust in personal vision, risk taking etc. [1]. Regarding the way in which the environment influences the woman s entrepreneurial spirit, Cooper (1981) [3]. suggests that there are three factors encouraging the manifestation of the entrepreneurial spirit: antecedents of family type and genetic factors, the existence of an incubating organization providing models of management and the environment factors of the economic growth type, the access to capital, changes on the labour market etc. 2 Bihor county diagnosis a premise and training framework of the female entrepreneur Framework, resources. Bihor County is situated in the North-Western part of Romania, with a surface representing 3.2% of the Romanian territory and 22.1% of the North-Western Region, occupying as dimension the 6 th place in the country and the first place in the North-Western Region [11]. The number of Bihor County inhabitants on January 1 st 2007 was of 594,615 people, thus being the 11 th county in the country taking into account the size, except Bucharest. Education, employment, economy. Bihor County is a fully developing county, with a positive dynamics in the field of education. In the 1990/1991 academic year, at the level of Bihor county, the school population counted 139,079 pupils and students. Regarding the school population at the level of university education, the situation changed radically in the last 15 years. In 2006, the school population in the university education counted 23,261 students, that is 18% of the total school population, while at the level of secondary education there has been a drop of 7 %. Regarding the evolution of the structure of the population employed on activities of national economy, in the reference period it can be noticed a change in the percentage of employed population in different fields of activity. The most significant changes were in agriculture and industry, many people in these fields of activity reorienting towards trade, health, public administration. The changes recorded in the percentage of different sectors of national economy have encouraged reorientations both in what the field, the place is concerned and in what the status on the labour market is concerned. It was a prolific period to give up a job and to start your own business. This is reflected, on one hand, in the increase in the number of SMEs, the increase in the number of jobs and the decrease of the unemployment rate. We notice that the North-Western Region is on the second position after Bucharest Ilfov as the SMEs density. Bihor County has even a higher density of SMEs than the region average, this being of for 2007 (processed data provided by the Board of Statistics of Bihor County). It is worth retaining that, in 2007 for the first time, the North-Western Region recorded the first place for the growth rhythm of the number of SMEs compared to the reference year 2000, which is of 6.7%. The analysis of the SMEs structure of Bihor County in 2007 shows the impressive percentage of microenterprises, of 88.7% of the total of SMEs. On the ISSN: ISBN:

3 second positions as percentage, there are the small enterprises with 9.42% of the total, being followed by the middle sized enterprises with 1.87% of the total. The unemployment rate in Bihor County, at the end of 2006, of 2.7% was much lower than the country rate, which was of 7.3% [8]. At the end of 2007, this rate at the county level of 2.4% was maintained below 4.1% [9] at the national level. In December 2008, there was a number of 5,34% unrequited unemployed, out of which 37% were women. Through the strategic position, the resources it has, the entrepreneurial enthusiasm manifested through the high number of SMEs set up in the last 10 years, Bihor County provides the suitable framework for the manifestation of the entrepreneurial spirit [10]. 3 Case study * The research was made within the ANTRES Project - Entrepreneurship and Equality of Chances. An Interregional Model of Entrepreneurial School for Women, performed by the Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea as an inter-regional coordinator, contract no POSDRU/9/3.1/S/5, period of implementation: , worth: 12,500,104 lei. The general objective is to promote the equality of chances in the field of entrepreneurship by stimulating the involvement of women generally and of women from the rural environment especially in the initiation and development of their own business in the context of sustainable development of the communities in the counties situated along the Western border of Romania and the focus groups are made up of: 288 SMEs female managers wishing to develop their business from the counties situated along the Western border of Romania (Maramures, Satu-Mare, Bihor, Arad, Timis, Caras- Severin) focus group I, 1440 women wishing to start up their own business from the counties situated along the Western border of Romania (Maramures, Satu-Mare, Bihor, Arad, Timis, Caras-Severin) focus group II and 72 women, students in the economic field in the last year who will be trained to become trainers in the entrepreneurial field and ho will benefit from a job, as trainers, within the project - focus group III. In what follows, the study refers to focus groups II and III urban area. Research methodology. The research is a descriptive one, of transversal type. In order to implement this quantitative research, the investigation was chosen as a research method. In this view, there was drawn up a questionnaire structured in 25 questions. The target * The authors of the study are members of the project team at Bihor territorial level population is represented by the course attendants of focus groups II and III women wishing to start up their own business, participants to the entrepreneurial school within the Antres Project - Entrepreneurship and Equality of Chances. An Inter-regional Model of Entrepreneurial School for Women, a project financed from the European Social Fund Investing in People!. The data base of the focus groups II and III - women wishing to start up their own business, aggregated at the territorial level is based on the questionnaires applied at the level of Oradea, Aleşd, Beiuş, Marghita and Salonta between This data base has in total 122 recordings out of which 43 are questionnaires applied at the territorial level and 79 at the local level, distributed on the Oradea territorial centre - 43 and the local centres Aleşd - 20, Beiuş - 18, Marghita - 20 and Salonta 21. Women wishing to start up their own business and their entrepreneurial profile. Demo-economic characteristics Number of questionnaires Minimum Maximum Average applied Age Income/ household last month Personal income last month Table 1. Demo-economic characteristics of respondents at the level of Bihor County Occupational status. More than half of this group are employed (67.8%), but a high percentage is given by the students (9.9%, and 8.31% who directly declared their status of trainers), taking into account the characteristics of the focus group III trainers. Employed Student Trainer Student and trainer Housewife Unemployed Maternity leave Which is your current occupational status? Bihor County level 9,9 8,3 5,8 3,3 3,3 1,7 67,8,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 70,0 80,0 Fig 1. The occupational status of respondents Almost a third of the respondents who have the status of employed work in the field of tourism and services (31.5%). Also, a high number of respondents work as unskilled workers (18.5%) and in fields such as education, schools, research, culture (17.4%), and trade (14.1%). ISSN: ISBN:

4 If you are an employee, what field do you work in? tourism, services 31.5% unskilled worker 18.5% education, schools, research, culture 17.4% trade 14.1% health/body care 9.8% industry, constructions 6.5% administration 2.2% Table 2. Fields of activity of employed Bihor level Regarding the marital status, the majority of participants are married (46.7%), and 40.8% are single. The majority of households are made up of 3 or 4 people. Most of women have a child (46.8%), while 22.1% do not have children. Bihor County level married 46.7 single 40.8 divorced 10.0 widow 0.8 married without papers 0.8 separated 0.8 Interest and experience in business. In order to identify the decision, the determination to start up a business, the questionnaires contained aspects related to the motivation to initiate, the degree of idea development, the resources she has, the partnerships she wants to use, the support of those close and also the way in which she perceives the seriousness of some problems when initiating a business in the current social-economic conditions. Market opportunities Experience in the field Theoretical training A successful model Collaboration offer The desire to earn money,8 10,2 14,4 17,8 22,0 34,7,0 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 35,0 40,0 Fig. 2. The reasons for start-up Regarding the reasons to initiate a business, the most frequent reason to start up a business is represented by the market opportunities (34.7%), followed by the experience in the field 22%); the theoretical training and the follow up of a successful model are equally mentioned as determinants of the business idea (17.8 % and 14.4%), as it can be seen in Fig. 2. These facts indicate that most of the respondents either know the market on which they want to launch the business or have a training which provides a context in which they get involved. The desire to earn money and that to be promoted exist in very few cases are in the real very few the real reasons for start-up. Regarding the fields in which they intend the initiation of business, almost 60% of the respondents indicated tourism and services and if we take into consideration tourism, services and trade together, these three fields cumulate over 80% of the women s preferences. Which field would you like to start up your business in? tourism, services 59.1 trade 24.3 industry, constructions 5.2 education, schools, research, culture 4.3 health/body care 4.3 agriculture 1.7 others 0.9 Table 3. Fields intended to start up a business (at Bihor County level) The intention to start up a business manifests, in case of the majority of respondents, only at the declarative stage, until the moment of registering for the Entrepreneurial School for Women. Therefore, the majority of them (69.4%) do not have a developed business plan, while only 3.3 % have already a business plan; we must notice that quite a high percentage started to prepare such a plan (27.3%). These data indicate quite a high degree of seriousness and determination in starting up the business, but in this view we must mention that similar questions have been used in the selection process too in order to establish the degree of interest in the project. Resources and difficulties regarding the business start up. The participants to the research mostly have human resources to start up the business, and to lesser degree they have financial resources; generally, yet, as it can be seen in Table 4., the resources they have are generally appreciated as being low. Speaking about the self-appreciation of these resources, these data indicate only the needs of these focus groups, but the high number of people who do not have resources at all raises questions marks related to the chances to succeed. Yet, it is possible that the respondents might have omitted the partnerships or the collaborations they have in view in case of business start up. In this view, the answers to the following questions regarding the involvement and the support of the family as well as referring to the people wishing to start up the business show that it is possible that the resources needed to initiate a business come from the family which is involved in the business plans. What resources do you have to start up your business: nothing few many considerable financial % 8.0% - human 6.5% 48.6% 35.6% 9.3% material 26.7% 60.0% 10.4% 2.9% Table 4. Resources for business start up (Bihor County level) ISSN: ISBN:

5 The majority of respondents (55.6%) in these groups want to involve the members of their families in the firm s activity, but in the questionnaire we do not have questions referring to the latter s form if involvement (management or executive positions, employees or volunteers etc.). In spite of all these, these answers show the fact that the respondents do not perceive the activity in the firm as being separate from family, but there are interconnections between them. To what extent does your family support you in starting up a business? It is not the case To a very large extent To a large extent To a small extent At all 2,6 % 8,5 % 19,7 % 28,2% 41,0 %,0 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 35,0 40,0 45,0 Fig. 3. Family support (Bihor County level) Also, the family support is perceived as high, as it results from Fig. 3. This strengthens the remark expressed above according to which, in the case of women wishing to start up a business, there is no opposition between the family and the activity in the firm. Which do you think are the main problems in starting up a business? at all little much totally High fees and taxes 8.7% 19.1% 59.1% 13.0% Bureaucracy 4.3% 25.9% 43.1% 26.7% Frequent legislative changes 9.7% 22.1% 52.2% 15.9% Competition 3.6% 42.7% 43.6% 10.0% Financial 3.5% 26.3% 57.0% 13.2% Lack of information and counselling 15.6% 51.4% 30.3% 2.8% Finding the necessary people and relations 22.3% 54.5% 19.6% 3.6% Lack of time for skill education and improvement 26.8% 51.8% 20.5% 0.9% Trust in oneself and personal skills 63.9% 28.7% 4.6% 2.8% Relating the family life with the professional life 45.5% 38.2% 13.6% 2.7% Getting people s acceptance and respect 46.8% 36.7% 11.9% 4.6% Table 5. Perception of problems the entrepreneurs are facing Bihor County level Table 5 presents the perception on the problems and obstacles in starting up a business as well as their dimension. The most serious problems are considered to be: high fees and taxes, as well as bureaucracy, followed yet by the financial problems. The least serious problems, difficulties are self confidence and finding the necessary people and relations to start up the business. Also, relating the family life with the professional life and getting people s acceptance and respect are not considered main impediments in the business initiation process. Professional training and experience. The level of education of women wishing to start up a business is, generally, meant to create the premises of success in initiating the business. Thus, 70% of the respondents have university and post-university education. Regarding the field, almost half (45.1%) have economic studies, followed by social-human, technical studies etc. (see Table 6). State the field of your education: economic 45.1 social-human 18.9 technical 14.8 health/body care 9.0 law 4.9 exact sciences 4.1 average 3.3 Table 6. Field of education Bihor level Additionally to the initial education, a small percentage of the respondents (approximately 12%) attended professional training courses in the fields which help them in their entrepreneurial activity. The courses attended by the participants of these two focus groups are mainly in the fields of: management, entrepreneurship, computer science. The perception towards female entrepreneurship. The perception towards types of problems The fields considered the most suitable to start up a business by a woman are tourism-services as well as trade, these cumulating over 70% of the options, followed by the education-schools-research-culture field (21.1%). Moreover, it should be stated that the three fields cumulating over 70% of the options (tourism, services, trade) highly overlap both with the fields in which the respondents work (almost half of the course attendants work in these fields), and with the fields in which they want to launch in business (over 80% of the respondents have chosen these fields for the business start up), which means that stereotypes related to the specific and main fields for the female entrepreneurship strongly manifest. Of the fields listed below, which are the most suitable for a woman wishing to start up a business? Tourism, services Trade Education, schools, research, culture Industry, constructions Administration Any of them Health/body care 2,6 1,8 0,9 0,9 21,1 27,2 45,6,0 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 35,0 40,0 45,0 50,0 Fig. 4. Fields suitable to female entrepreneurs Bihor County level ISSN: ISBN:

6 The attitude towards the gender is, as it was expected, pro-feminist, the respondents consider that women should gat involved in politics and in public life, they must have equal rights with men in all the fields (access to jobs, equal payment). Correlating the results obtained in the research at the county level with those at the interregional level it is worth noticing that the feminist attitude at Bihor County level is more accentuated than the average at the region level. To what extent do you agree with the following statements: Totally against Rather Rather against agree Totally agree I do not know women should candidate for public positions and take part in the country 1.7% 1.7% 19.7% 76.9% - ruling as men do women should have the same rights with men in % 88.1% - all the fields women should not get 64.7% 19.0% 7.8% involved in politics 4.3% 4.3% when there are few jobs, men should have more 80.2% rights to work than 7.8% 6.0% 1.7% 4.3% women men and women should have an equal salary when 0.8% 1.7% 8.5% 87.3% 1.7% they have the same jobs men are better qualified than women as political 42.6% 26.1% 14.8% 3.5% 13% leaders Table 7. Attitude towards the gender Bihor level 4 Conclusions A country s economy highly depends on the number of newly created enterprises every year. The entrepreneurial spirit should be encouraged and rewarded, the entrepreneurs acting in order to activate and stimulate all the economic activities. Together with the male entrepreneurs, the female entrepreneurs have an important impact on the economy through both the number of small enterprises they can create and through the fact that some of them are capable of creating companies with hopes of development and expansion. As a result of the research, we can delineate the entrepreneurial profile of the women in Bihor County, wishing to start up businesses. Therefore, a prospective female entrepreneur: is averagely 32 years old has an average income of 1070 lei is employed in the tourism and services field is married and has a child has as main reason the market opportunities considers that the most attractive fields are tourism and services does not yet have a well developed business plan has human resources considers that she has the family support and wishes to involve the members of the family in the firm s activity has university and post-university education in the economic field considers that women should have the same rights as men in all the aspects. References: [1] X1. Buttner, E.H., Female business owners: How far have they come?, Business Horizons, 18 (2), 1993, pp [2] X2. Bugnar N., Bodog S., Entrepreneurship and Female entrepreneurship, Annals of the University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, Tom XVIII, 2009 [3] X3. Das, M., Women Entrepreneurs from India: Problems, Motivations and Success Factors, Journal of small business and entrepreneurship, vol.15, no.4, 2001 [4] X4. Hisrich, R., Brush, C., Women business owners: A longitudinal study. In N. Churchill et al., (Eds.) Frontiers of business ownership research, Wellesley. MA: Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Babson College, 1987, pp [5] X5. MacKeracher, D., Making sense of adult learning. Toronto: Culture Concepts, 1996 [6] X6. Watkins, J., Watkins, D., The female entrepreneur: Background and determinants of business choice--some British data, 1983 [7] X7. Wells, S. J., Women business owners: Developing leadership for success, New York: Garland, 1998 [8] X8. *** - Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2006 [9] X9. *** - The National Agency for Employment Ianuarie 2008 [10] X10. Anca Otilia Dodescu, Marin Dinu, Alina Bădulescu, Maria-Madela Abrudan, Olimpia Ban, Nicoleta Bugnar, Andra Croitoru, Cristina Fometescu, Adela Laura Popa - Diagnoza economică a judeńului Bihor, a volume written within the AntrES Project, 2009 [11] X11. *** - Development Plan for Bihor County , 2007, p.10 [12] X12. ISSN: ISBN:

Entrepreneurship Education and Training. Study-case: the AntrES programme on Women Entrepreneurship in Western Romania

Entrepreneurship Education and Training. Study-case: the AntrES programme on Women Entrepreneurship in Western Romania Entrepreneurship Education and Training. Study-case: the AntrES programme on Women Entrepreneurship in Western Romania ANCA DODESCU Department of Economics University of Oradea 1, Universitatii Str., 410087-Oradea

More information

ROMANIAN ENTREPRENEUR PROFILE AND BEHAVIOR

ROMANIAN ENTREPRENEUR PROFILE AND BEHAVIOR ROMANIAN ENTREPRENEUR PROFILE AND BEHAVIOR PhD student Lavinia Mirabela JIANU (BORCOS) Bucharest University of Economic Studies Email: mirabela.borcos@smeprojects.ro PhD student Oana Mihaela BARA Bucharest

More information

Questionnaire on Analyzing the Degree of Satisfaction Regarding the Professional Skills of the Graduates as Perceived from the Employers Perspective

Questionnaire on Analyzing the Degree of Satisfaction Regarding the Professional Skills of the Graduates as Perceived from the Employers Perspective Questionnaire on Analyzing the Degree of Satisfaction Regarding the Professional Skills of the Graduates as Perceived from the Employers Perspective Abstract Cristina BALACEANU Associate Professor, Ph.D,

More information

INCLINATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AMONG MBA WOMEN STUDENTS IN NAMAKKAL DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU

INCLINATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AMONG MBA WOMEN STUDENTS IN NAMAKKAL DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU INCLINATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AMONG MBA WOMEN STUDENTS IN NAMAKKAL DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU ABSTRACT Dr. V. RATHIKA Assistant Professor, Dept of Management, K. S. Rangasamy College of Arts and Science, Tiruchengode-6370125

More information

Anastasios Vasiliadis University of Aegean Chryssi Vitsilakis, University of Aegean Hlias Efthymiou, University of Aegean

Anastasios Vasiliadis University of Aegean Chryssi Vitsilakis, University of Aegean Hlias Efthymiou, University of Aegean Anastasios Vasiliadis University of Aegean Chryssi Vitsilakis, University of Aegean Hlias Efthymiou, University of Aegean Why intentions? To establish an enterprise we need: An idea Friendly environment

More information

ANALYSIS OF TRAINING COMPONENTS EFFECTING ON STUDENTS ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPABILITIES IN IRANIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC-APPLIED HIGHER SYSTEM

ANALYSIS OF TRAINING COMPONENTS EFFECTING ON STUDENTS ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPABILITIES IN IRANIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC-APPLIED HIGHER SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF TRAINING COMPONENTS EFFECTING ON STUDENTS ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPABILITIES IN IRANIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC-APPLIED HIGHER SYSTEM Mohammad Reza Soleimanpour 1, Bahman Khosravipour 2 and Reza

More information

Impact Assessment Research of Micro- Credit Loans on Palestinian Women

Impact Assessment Research of Micro- Credit Loans on Palestinian Women Impact Assessment Research of Micro- Credit Loans on Palestinian Women Executive Summary: OPTIMUM for Consultancy & Training Randa Hilal Despite the fact that the universal Human Rights declarations, resolutions

More information

Management Advisory Service & Training for the Economy of the Region

Management Advisory Service & Training for the Economy of the Region MASTER Business Center is an associative, non-governmental, non-profit organization that has 157 SME members from Hunedoara County, among which 21 founding members. It was founded based on the civil sentence

More information

Who wants to be an entrepreneur?

Who wants to be an entrepreneur? Entrepreneurship at a Glance 215 Key findings: Italy Who wants to be an entrepreneur? In all the economies of the world, entrepreneurship is key for economic development and to promoting social integration

More information

A Study on Women Empowerment and Enterpreneurship Among College Teachers in Madurai City

A Study on Women Empowerment and Enterpreneurship Among College Teachers in Madurai City Global Journal of Finance and Management. ISSN 0975-6477 Volume 6, Number 9 (2014), pp. 841-846 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com A Study on Women Empowerment and Enterpreneurship

More information

THE ENTREPRENEUR AND EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ROLE IN SME S COMPETITIVENESS NICOLAE BIBU, DIANA SALA

THE ENTREPRENEUR AND EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ROLE IN SME S COMPETITIVENESS NICOLAE BIBU, DIANA SALA THE ENTREPRENEUR AND EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ROLE IN SME S COMPETITIVENESS NICOLAE BIBU, DIANA SALA Nicolae BIBU, Professor, PhD Western University of Timisoara, The Economics Faculty Diana SALA, Prof. Assistant,

More information

STUDY REGARDING THE USE OF THE TOOLS OFFERED BY MICROSOFT EXCEL SOFTWARE IN THE ACTIVITY OF THE BIHOR COUNTY COMPANIES

STUDY REGARDING THE USE OF THE TOOLS OFFERED BY MICROSOFT EXCEL SOFTWARE IN THE ACTIVITY OF THE BIHOR COUNTY COMPANIES STUDY REGARDING THE USE OF THE TOOLS OFFERED BY MICROSOFT EXCEL SOFTWARE IN THE ACTIVITY OF THE BIHOR COUNTY COMPANIES Ţarcă Naiana 1, Popa Adela 2 1 Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Oradea,

More information

ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG MALAYSIAN ENGINEERING GRADUATES: MALE VERSUS FEMALE

ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG MALAYSIAN ENGINEERING GRADUATES: MALE VERSUS FEMALE ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG MALAYSIAN ENGINEERING GRADUATES: MALE VERSUS FEMALE Abbas, L. N. Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia lutfiah@uthm.edu.my

More information

National and Regional Women Entrepreneurs Networks

National and Regional Women Entrepreneurs Networks Mariana Dragusin Address for Correspondence Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest, Piata Romana 6, sector 1, RO-010374, Bucharest, Email: m_dragusin@yahoo.com Biographical note Mariana Dragusin (b.1961)

More information

StartUp RO-BG. Business innovation

StartUp RO-BG. Business innovation Business innovation StartUp RO BG objective StartUp RO BG will promote the sustainable cross border economical cooperation by creating the first network of innovative business incubators dedicated to young

More information

The influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions of university students in Bulgaria

The influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions of university students in Bulgaria NETT CONFERENCE November 20-22, 2014 The influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions of university students in Bulgaria Assoc. Prof. Desislava Yordanova, Phd Department

More information

USING THE NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

USING THE NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING THE NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TILEAGA Cosmin Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania NITU Claudiu Valentin Dimitrie Cantemir

More information

Considerations on the Impact of Information Technology Evolution in Romania in the Last Six Years

Considerations on the Impact of Information Technology Evolution in Romania in the Last Six Years Economic Insights Trends and Challenges Vol. II (LXV) No. 2/2013 82-89 Considerations on the Impact of Information Technology Evolution in Romania in the Last Six Years Daniela Enăchescu, Marian Zaharia

More information

ISSN 1392-1258. ekonomika 2011 Vol. 90(3)

ISSN 1392-1258. ekonomika 2011 Vol. 90(3) ISSN 1392-1258. ekonomika 2011 Vol. 90(3) Vytautas Kindurys. Life insurance business and its development tendencies and manifestations in Lithuania: theoretical and practical aspects. The monograph. Vilnius:

More information

HAVING REGARD to Article 5 b) of the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development of 14 December 1960;

HAVING REGARD to Article 5 b) of the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development of 14 December 1960; THE COUNCIL, HAVING REGARD to Article 5 b) of the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development of 14 December 1960; HAVING REGARD to the 1976 Recommendation of the Council on

More information

Ruxandra Foloştină. Address(es) Telephone(s) Mobile: (004) 0724.94.69.69 Fax(es) (004) 0318173823 E-mail ruxandrafolostina@yahoo.

Ruxandra Foloştină. Address(es) Telephone(s) Mobile: (004) 0724.94.69.69 Fax(es) (004) 0318173823 E-mail ruxandrafolostina@yahoo. Europass Curriculum Vitae Personal information First name(s) / Surname(s) Address(es) Telephone(s) Mobile: (004) 0724.94.69.69 Fax(es) (004) 0318173823 E-mail ruxandrafolostina@yahoo.com Nationality Romanian

More information

Sociology, Political Sciences, International Relations FIRST EXPERIENCE IN WORK OF ROMANIAN YOUTH A SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION

Sociology, Political Sciences, International Relations FIRST EXPERIENCE IN WORK OF ROMANIAN YOUTH A SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION FIRST EXPERIENCE IN WORK OF ROMANIAN YOUTH A SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION Sergiu-Lucian Raiu, Lorincz Csilla, PhD Students, Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj- Napoca Abstract: In this paper we try to start the

More information

Conference "Competencies and Capabilities in Education" Oradea 2009 EDUCAŢIA ANTREPRENORIALĂ - EDUCAŢIE PENTRU VIITOR

Conference Competencies and Capabilities in Education Oradea 2009 EDUCAŢIA ANTREPRENORIALĂ - EDUCAŢIE PENTRU VIITOR EDUCAŢIA ANTREPRENORIALĂ - EDUCAŢIE PENTRU VIITOR ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION - EDUCATION FOR THE FUTURE Andrada Pandelea 1 Abstract The development of the entrepreneurial spirit among young people is a

More information

Graduate Entrepreneurial Intention in Turkey: Motivators and Obstacles. Nurdan Özarallı Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey

Graduate Entrepreneurial Intention in Turkey: Motivators and Obstacles. Nurdan Özarallı Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey Graduate Entrepreneurial Intention in Turkey: Motivators and Obstacles Nurdan Özarallı Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey ENTREPRENEURSHIP Entrepreneurship has long been recognized as one of the tools

More information

SUMMARY DOCTORAL THESIS:

SUMMARY DOCTORAL THESIS: SUMMARY DOCTORAL THESIS:,,RESEARCH ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SIMULATED ENTERPRISE IN THE FIELD OF AGRIFOOD. CASE STUDY Doctoral student Engineer RADU (COSTEA-MARCU) DUMITRA, 2011 USAMV-Bucharest; Scientific

More information

BUSINESS PROCESS REENGINEERING ON SME s: EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIAN SME S. Andrei Ionuţ ŞERBAN 1

BUSINESS PROCESS REENGINEERING ON SME s: EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIAN SME S. Andrei Ionuţ ŞERBAN 1 BUSINESS PROCESS REENGINEERING ON SME s: EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIAN SME S Andrei Ionuţ ŞERBAN 1 ABSTRACT In many countries, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have played an important role in the economic

More information

FREE TIME THE MAJOR FACTOR OF INFLUENCE FOR LEISURE

FREE TIME THE MAJOR FACTOR OF INFLUENCE FOR LEISURE 208 Free time the major factor of influence for leisure FREE TIME THE MAJOR FACTOR OF INFLUENCE FOR LEISURE Catrinel Dridea, Gina Sztruten Abstract Nowadays, leisure services determine an increasing new

More information

LIFELONG TRAINING - INTERFACE OF A SUCCESSFUL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIAN ORGANIZATIONS

LIFELONG TRAINING - INTERFACE OF A SUCCESSFUL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIAN ORGANIZATIONS LIFELONG TRAINING - INTERFACE OF A SUCCESSFUL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIAN ORGANIZATIONS ADELA SUZANA ARTENE, SILVIA MEDINSCHI TIBISCUS UNIVERSITY OF TIMISOARA. FACULTY OF ECONOMICS. DALIEI STREET,

More information

Summary of the Research on the role of ICT related knowledge and women s labour market situation

Summary of the Research on the role of ICT related knowledge and women s labour market situation Summary of the Research on the role of ICT related knowledge and women s labour market situation Comparative anlysis of the situation in the five surveyed countries: Analysis of data about employment shows

More information

Entrepreneurship education - a priority for the higher education institutions

Entrepreneurship education - a priority for the higher education institutions Medimond - Monduzzi Editore International Proceedings Division International Conference Entrepreneurship education - a priority for the higher education institutions October 8-9, 2012 - Bucharest (Romania)

More information

Secrets to Small Business Success

Secrets to Small Business Success Secrets to Small Business Success Small business owners are often looking for ways to increase their bottom line. To help entrepreneurs increase their revenues, this report closely examines the small firms

More information

High Level Policy Dialogue on Women and the Economy. San Francisco, California September 16, 2011. Declaration

High Level Policy Dialogue on Women and the Economy. San Francisco, California September 16, 2011. Declaration High Level Policy Dialogue on Women and the Economy San Francisco, California September 16, 2011 Declaration We, APEC ministers and senior government officials, along with private sector leaders, met in

More information

ANALYSIS OF THE HUMAN RESOURCES MOTIVATION WITHIN A COMMERCIAL COMPANY

ANALYSIS OF THE HUMAN RESOURCES MOTIVATION WITHIN A COMMERCIAL COMPANY Scientific Bulletin Economic Sciences, Volume 13/ Issue 2 ANALYSIS OF THE HUMAN RESOURCES MOTIVATION WITHIN A COMMERCIAL COMPANY Nicoleta ISAC 1, Eliza ANTONIU 2 1 Faculty of Economics, University of Pitesti,

More information

Policyholder s Satisfaction of Private Life Insurance Companies With Reference To Tirupur District, Tamilnadu

Policyholder s Satisfaction of Private Life Insurance Companies With Reference To Tirupur District, Tamilnadu International Journal of Computational Engineering Research Vol, 03 Issue, 9 Policyholder s Satisfaction of Private Life Insurance Companies With Reference To Tirupur District, Tamilnadu Dr.N.Kathirvel*

More information

Perceived Factors and Value of Online Master Degrees in Romania

Perceived Factors and Value of Online Master Degrees in Romania ISSN: 2286-2668 Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy Volume 1 (2013) no. 1, pp. 101-110; www.managementdynamics.ro College of Management (NUPSPA) & Tritonic Books Alina Irina POPESCU Faculty of

More information

THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT

THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT Management Education and Entrepreneurial Skill Set A Study among MBA Students of Bangalore J. Krithika Research Scholar, R&D Centre, Bharathiar University,

More information

The Role of Business Schools in Entrepreneurial Development of rural areas of India through Entrepreneurial Education Introduction:

The Role of Business Schools in Entrepreneurial Development of rural areas of India through Entrepreneurial Education Introduction: The Role of Business Schools in Entrepreneurial Development of rural areas of India through Entrepreneurial Education Kalpana Singh Asst. Professor (Management) Shri Venkateshwara University Entrepreneurship

More information

EFFECTS OF CUSTOMER ORIENTATION, LEARNING ORIENTATION AND INNOVATIVENESS ON HOTEL PERFORMANCE - EVIDENCE FROM CLUJ COUNTY

EFFECTS OF CUSTOMER ORIENTATION, LEARNING ORIENTATION AND INNOVATIVENESS ON HOTEL PERFORMANCE - EVIDENCE FROM CLUJ COUNTY EFFECTS OF CUSTOMER ORIENTATION, LEARNING ORIENTATION AND INNOVATIVENESS ON HOTEL PERFORMANCE - EVIDENCE FROM CLUJ COUNTY Stegerean Roxana, Petre Anamaria, Gavrea Corina Management Department, Faculty

More information

Women Participation and Business Performance of Small Business Organizations: With Reference to Puttalam District in Sri Lanka

Women Participation and Business Performance of Small Business Organizations: With Reference to Puttalam District in Sri Lanka Women Participation and Business Performance of Small Business Organizations: With Reference to Puttalam District in Sri Lanka RMCLK Rathnayaka 1# and YK Weerakon Bandara 1 Department of Management and

More information

The Promotion of Women Entrepreneurship in Finland

The Promotion of Women Entrepreneurship in Finland The Promotion of Women Entrepreneurship in Finland 26.10.2010 Tuulikki Laine-Kangas Women entrepreneurship in Finland 83 000 women entrepreneurs Women entrepreneurs accounted for over 30 % of the total

More information

A Study On Indian Consumers Attitude Towards SMS Advertising Through Mobile Phones

A Study On Indian Consumers Attitude Towards SMS Advertising Through Mobile Phones 38 Opinion-Volume 1, No. 1, December 2011 A Study On Indian Consumers Attitude Towards SMS Advertising Through Mobile Phones Abstract Ravindra Reddy. T* Dr. Rajyalakshmi N** The rapid increase in the usage

More information

Conclusions on promoting youth entrepreneurship to foster social inclusion of young people

Conclusions on promoting youth entrepreneurship to foster social inclusion of young people COUCIL OF TH UROPA UIO N Conclusions on promoting youth entrepreneurship to foster social inclusion of young people DUCATIO, YOUTH, CULTUR and SPORT Council meeting Brussels, 20 May 2014 The Council adopted

More information

THE MOTIVATION PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCES WITHIN AN ORGANIZATION. Key words: motivation, human resources, performance, efficiency.

THE MOTIVATION PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCES WITHIN AN ORGANIZATION. Key words: motivation, human resources, performance, efficiency. 100 The motivation process of human resources within an organization THE MOTIVATION PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCES WITHIN AN ORGANIZATION Isac Nicoleta University of Piteşti, Faculty of Economics, Romania

More information

Introduction. Definition of Women Entrepreneurs

Introduction. Definition of Women Entrepreneurs International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies (IJHSSS) A Peer-Reviewed Bi-monthly Bi-lingual Research Journal ISSN: 2349-6959 (Online), ISSN: 2349-6711 (Print) Volume-II, Issue-II, September

More information

THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT

THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT Performance Management Model for SMEs Rusaneanu Alexandra Ph.D. Student, Faculty of Cybernetics, Statistics and Economic Informatics, Bucharest University

More information

OPINION ON GENDER DIMENSION IN THE NEXT PROGRAMMING PERIOD OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS 2007-2013

OPINION ON GENDER DIMENSION IN THE NEXT PROGRAMMING PERIOD OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS 2007-2013 OPINION ON GENDER DIMENSION IN THE NEXT PROGRAMMING PERIOD OF THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS 2007-2013 Advisory Committee on Equal Opportunities Between Women and Men July 2006 1 Opinion 1 on GENDER DIMENSION IN

More information

ADFIMI SME Bank Joint International Development Forum 2014

ADFIMI SME Bank Joint International Development Forum 2014 ADFIMI SME Bank Joint International Development Forum 2014 Innovation The Value Creation Tool in a Changing Business Ecosystem 20-21 October 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Promotion of Innovation and Start-ups

More information

MEDICO-SOCIAL ASPECTS BY FRAMING THE DISABILITY DEGREE OF THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE LOST THEIR CAPACITY TO WORK DUE TO NEOPLASIA IN ARAD

MEDICO-SOCIAL ASPECTS BY FRAMING THE DISABILITY DEGREE OF THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE LOST THEIR CAPACITY TO WORK DUE TO NEOPLASIA IN ARAD MEDICO-SOCIAL ASPECTS BY FRAMING THE DISABILITY DEGREE OF THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE LOST THEIR CAPACITY TO WORK DUE TO NEOPLASIA IN ARAD Mihaela FLORUŢI (VASIL), Afilon JOMPAN Vasile Goldiş Western University

More information

A STUDY ON EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN INDIA

A STUDY ON EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN INDIA International Journal of Advanced Research in Management (IJARM) Volume 7, Issue 1, Jan-April (2016), pp. 44-50, Article ID: 10220160701006 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijarm/issues.asp?jtype=ijarm&vtype=7&itype=1

More information

Study of Entrepreneurship Characteristics among Physical Education Students and Effect of University s Courses on its Development

Study of Entrepreneurship Characteristics among Physical Education Students and Effect of University s Courses on its Development International Journal of Sport Studies. Vol., 3 (1), 67-73, 2013 Available online at http: www.ijssjournal.com ISSN 2251-7502 2012 VictorQuest Publications Study of Entrepreneurship Characteristics among

More information

Emerging Modes of Cooperation between Private Enterprises and Universities

Emerging Modes of Cooperation between Private Enterprises and Universities Grant agreement no.: 2012-2948/001-001 Emerging Modes of Cooperation between Private Enterprises and Universities National Report of Bulgaria (draft version) This project has been funded with support from

More information

Creating a business in the digital age developing entrepreneurship competencies for young Europeans through ementorship (CREBUS) PROJECT

Creating a business in the digital age developing entrepreneurship competencies for young Europeans through ementorship (CREBUS) PROJECT Creating a business in the digital age developing entrepreneurship competencies for young Europeans through ementorship (CREBUS) PROJECT PROJECT NUMBER: 511822 LLP 1 2010 1 RO KA3 KA3MP NATIONAL ANALYSIS:

More information

Ministerie van Toerisme, Economische Zaken, Verkeer en Telecommunicatie Ministry of Tourism, Economic Affairs, Transport and Telecommunication

Ministerie van Toerisme, Economische Zaken, Verkeer en Telecommunicatie Ministry of Tourism, Economic Affairs, Transport and Telecommunication SME Policy Framework for St. Maarten May, 2014 Department of Economic Affairs, Transportation & P. 1 of 16 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. SME Developments in St. Maarten 2.1 Definition 2.2 Government

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY BENCHMARKING ANALYSIS ON WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS AND WORKERS IN ICT INDUSTRY

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY BENCHMARKING ANALYSIS ON WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS AND WORKERS IN ICT INDUSTRY 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY BENCHMARKING ANALYSIS ON WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS AND WORKERS IN ICT INDUSTRY Authors: Beltrán, Maria Eugenia; Ursa, Yolanda (INMARK) Partners Contributing: TermNet, Intercollege, EBS, OPI,

More information

ELEMENTS OF STRATEGIC PLANNING PRACTICES IN TRANSYLVANIAN SMEs

ELEMENTS OF STRATEGIC PLANNING PRACTICES IN TRANSYLVANIAN SMEs STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI, NEGOTIA, LIV, 4, 2009 ELEMENTS OF STRATEGIC PLANNING PRACTICES IN TRANSYLVANIAN SMEs OANA ADRIANA GICĂ 1, IOAN POP 2, MARIUS BOTA 3 ABSTRACT. The purpose of our study

More information

Recommendation 195. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning

Recommendation 195. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning Recommendation 195 International Labour Office Geneva Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning Recommendation 195 Recommendation concerning Human

More information

Making Logistics a National Priority for Panama Enabling SME Participation

Making Logistics a National Priority for Panama Enabling SME Participation Making Logistics a National Priority for Panama Enabling SME Participation Don Ratliff don.ratliff@gatech.edu Executive Director Georgia Tech Supply Chain & Logistics Institute 1 Panama s Logistics Image

More information

Women Entrepreneurs: Challenges and Opportunities in the Arab World, UAE Case

Women Entrepreneurs: Challenges and Opportunities in the Arab World, UAE Case Business & Entrepreneurship Journal, vol.2, no.1, 2013, 43-48 ISSN: 2241-3022 (print version), 2241-312X (online) Scienpress Ltd, 2013 Women Entrepreneurs: Challenges and Opportunities in the Arab World,

More information

Cultural Profile of Russian Leadership: A Female Leader in Russian Business

Cultural Profile of Russian Leadership: A Female Leader in Russian Business DOI: 10.7763/IPEDR. 2014. V69. 15 Cultural Profile of Russian Leadership: A Female Leader in Russian Business Rebeko Lidia and Li Guo Feng School of Management Science, Harbin Institute of Technology,

More information

The Journal of Sustainable Development and. Entrepreneurship

The Journal of Sustainable Development and. Entrepreneurship The Journal of Sustainable Development and Entrepreneurship Should Romania regard the young entrepreneurs as a new driving force in the economy? Andra RĂDULESCU a, Marius-Eugen ROGOZ b Abstract The paper

More information

Comparative study of Investment with special reference to Gold and Mutual Fund

Comparative study of Investment with special reference to Gold and Mutual Fund Comparative study of Investment with special reference to Gold and Mutual Fund Prof. Sarika Pansare ASM S IPS Email id: Pansare.sd@gmail.com Prof. Harshvardhan Bhavsar ASM s IPS Email-id: harshvardhanbhavsar@yahoo.co.in

More information

Women s Employability in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean

Women s Employability in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Women s Employability in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Outi Kärkkäinen, European Training Foundation (ETF) Local employment, skills and entrepreneurship strategies in the Mediterranean: developing

More information

QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING

QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING Recommendations Working Group PREFACE Vocational education and training (VET) and those responsible for providing it play more and

More information

The Financial Services Trust Index: A Pilot Study. Christine T Ennew. Financial Services Research Forum. University of Nottingham

The Financial Services Trust Index: A Pilot Study. Christine T Ennew. Financial Services Research Forum. University of Nottingham The Financial Services Trust Index: A Pilot Study Christine T Ennew Harjit Sekhon Financial Services Research Forum University of Nottingham The Financial Services Trust Index: A Pilot Study Executive

More information

Entrepreneurship in Greece: Main trends & characteristics

Entrepreneurship in Greece: Main trends & characteristics Foundation for Economics and Industrial Research Entrepreneurship in Greece: Main trends & characteristics Takis Politis General Director FEIR / IOBE London School of Economics London 13/03/2007 The Foundation

More information

Antecedence for Valuable MBA Projects: A Case Study of Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Antecedence for Valuable MBA Projects: A Case Study of Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia Antecedence for Valuable MBA Projects: A Case Study of Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia Rajendran Muthuveloo Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

More information

The Socio-Economic Impact of Urbanization

The Socio-Economic Impact of Urbanization The Socio-Economic Impact of Urbanization Mădălina DOCIU Anca DUNARINTU Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, Romania E-mail: madalinadociu@yahoo.com Faculty of International Business and Economics Dimitrie

More information

SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL. NR 801 SERVICE MANAGEMENT Vol. 12 2014

SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL. NR 801 SERVICE MANAGEMENT Vol. 12 2014 SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL NR 801 SERVICE MANAGEMENT Vol. 12 2014 Magdalena Ławicka Szczecin University UNIVERSITY and BUSINESS COOPERaTION IN POlaND abstract Nowadays, a close cooperation between science and

More information

Volume 1, Issue 2, 2007

Volume 1, Issue 2, 2007 Volume 1, Issue 2, 2007 Rural Female Entrepreneurs: A Demographic Survey in Rural Pennsylvania Dean Frear, Assistant Professor, The Jay S. Sidhu School of Business & Leadership, Wilkes University, USA,

More information

Master of Arts in Guidance and Counseling

Master of Arts in Guidance and Counseling Master of Arts in Guidance and Counseling Competencies of Guidance Counselors in La Union: Basis for a Training Program Mary Jane O. De Leon Pearl Natalie B. Estrada, MS This study assessed the competencies

More information

ABSTRACT OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS BY Cătălin Ovidiu Obuf Buhăianu

ABSTRACT OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS BY Cătălin Ovidiu Obuf Buhăianu ABSTRACT OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS BY Cătălin Ovidiu Obuf Buhăianu Thesis submitted to: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS, Bucharest, Romania, 2011 Thesis Advisor: Prof. Dr. Adrian Gagea

More information

ELDER ABUSE IN INDIA

ELDER ABUSE IN INDIA REPORT ON ELDER ABUSE IN INDIA Don t Ignore it. Prevent it. HelpAge India (headoffice): C 14, Qutab Institutional Area. New Delhi 110016. Ph: 011-41688955 56. www.helpageindia.org Consultant: Sigma Research

More information

European Startup Monitor Country Report Germany. Introduction

European Startup Monitor Country Report Germany. Introduction German Startup Association Author: Lisa Schreier European Startup Monitor Country Report Germany Introduction Though innovative entrepreneurs are one of the largest creators of jobs and stand as catalysts

More information

INVESTMENT DECISIONS IN ROMANIA BETWEEN FREE ENTERPRISE AND PLANNING

INVESTMENT DECISIONS IN ROMANIA BETWEEN FREE ENTERPRISE AND PLANNING Year XII, No.14/2012 79 INVESTMENT DECISIONS IN ROMANIA BETWEEN FREE ENTERPRISE AND PLANNING Prof. Ana POPA, PhD Assoc. Prof. Laura VASILESCU, PhD University of Craiova 1. Planning or Free Enterprise in

More information

Romania IT Talent Map, 2014 Facts & figures

Romania IT Talent Map, 2014 Facts & figures Romania IT Talent Map, 2014 Facts & figures Contents Market Overview.......................................................... Talent Map..................................................................

More information

DISTANCE LEARNING PROGRAMME COURSE SYLLABUS UNIVERSITY DIPLOMA IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT BY DISTANCE LEARNING

DISTANCE LEARNING PROGRAMME COURSE SYLLABUS UNIVERSITY DIPLOMA IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT BY DISTANCE LEARNING DISTANCE LEARNING PROGRAMME COURSE SYLLABUS UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT BY DISTANCE LEARNING 1 (30 credits usually over 1 year or less) UNIVERSITY DIPLOMA IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT BY DISTANCE

More information

Competitive Advantage of Libyan Business Environment

Competitive Advantage of Libyan Business Environment Economics World, ISSN 23287144 May 2014, Vol. 2, No. 5, 325332 D DAVID PUBLISHING Competitive Advantage of Libyan Business Environment Salem Abdulla Azzaytuna University, Tripoli, Libya The economic development

More information

Trends in women s employment in Hungary, with a focus on women returning to the labour market after childbirth and maternity leave

Trends in women s employment in Hungary, with a focus on women returning to the labour market after childbirth and maternity leave 92 Trends in women s employment in Hungary, with a focus on women returning to the labour market after childbirth and maternity leave BENCSIK, ANDREA JUHÁSZ, TÍMEA Keywords: women s employment, family

More information

Cooperative development in Sweden

Cooperative development in Sweden Cooperative development in Sweden 25 cooperativ agencies called Coompanion in Sweden In the cooperative several people share the work, responsibilities and harships - and the joy too of course. To promote

More information

AHMED BIN MOHAMED MILITARY COLLEGE DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSES OFFERED IN THE BACHELOR DEGREE IN THE BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION CURRICULUM

AHMED BIN MOHAMED MILITARY COLLEGE DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSES OFFERED IN THE BACHELOR DEGREE IN THE BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION CURRICULUM AHMED BIN MOHAMED MILITARY COLLEGE DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSES OFFERED IN THE BACHELOR DEGREE IN THE BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION CURRICULUM Course Code 2503101 Course Name Principles of Management Prerequisite

More information

Socio-economic Empowerment of Women and IT:the practices & lessons From the Provincial Government

Socio-economic Empowerment of Women and IT:the practices & lessons From the Provincial Government Socio-economic Empowerment of Women and IT:the practices & lessons From the Provincial Government Cho Jung Ah and Huh Jung Eun 1 Republic of Korea Korea has achieved leadership in IT with its highly advanced

More information

QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING

QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING QUALITY MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING Authors and the Finnish National Board of Education ISBN

More information

Evolution of informal employment in the Dominican Republic

Evolution of informal employment in the Dominican Republic NOTES O N FORMALIZATION Evolution of informal employment in the Dominican Republic According to official estimates, between 2005 and 2010, informal employment fell from 58,6% to 47,9% as a proportion of

More information

YOUTH EMPLOYABILITY IN KENYA: CASE OF KYEP ONGOING IMPACT EVALUATION ON EMPLOYABILITY

YOUTH EMPLOYABILITY IN KENYA: CASE OF KYEP ONGOING IMPACT EVALUATION ON EMPLOYABILITY YOUTH EMPLOYABILITY IN KENYA: CASE OF KYEP ONGOING IMPACT EVALUATION ON EMPLOYABILITY Ehud Gachugu Project Director Kenya Youth Empowerment Project Kenya Private Sector Alliance Context and Background:

More information

Is an MBA degree essential for successful entrepreneurship?

Is an MBA degree essential for successful entrepreneurship? Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Scien ce s 133 ( 2014 ) 68 73 ICTMS-2013 Is an MBA degree essential for successful entrepreneurship? Asha Nagendra*,

More information

55+ PEOPLE AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND INTERVIEW GUIDE

55+ PEOPLE AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND INTERVIEW GUIDE 55+ PEOPLE AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND INTERVIEW GUIDE Introduction Introduction In the light of demographic change it becomes more and more important for cities and regions in the

More information

Individual Donors to Arts and Culture Organizations in Canada in 2007

Individual Donors to Arts and Culture Organizations in Canada in 2007 Individual Donors to Arts and Culture Organizations in Canada in 2007 www.hillstrategies.com info@hillstrategies.com Statistical insights on the arts, Vol. 8 No. 3 Hill Strategies Research Inc., February

More information

ROMANIAN CONSUMER S PERCEPTION ON QUALITY OF LIFE SPORT RELATIONSHIP

ROMANIAN CONSUMER S PERCEPTION ON QUALITY OF LIFE SPORT RELATIONSHIP Abstract. This paper addresses quality of life from a marketing perspective; therefore the concept is defined as the manner in which socioeconomic conditions respond to the expectations and needs of the

More information

National Standards of Practice for Entrepreneurship Education

National Standards of Practice for Entrepreneurship Education National Standards of Practice for Entrepreneurship Education Facilitate student motivation Enhance opportunities for work and life Increase invention and innovation Strengthen economies Effective entrepreneurship

More information

Skills for Youth Employment

Skills for Youth Employment Skills for Youth Employment Published on UNESCO (https://en.unesco.org) Home > Call for Proposals - 8th UNESCO Youth Forum > Webform results > Submission #43245 I. INFORMATION ON THE IMPLEMENTING ORGANIZATION

More information

Europass Curriculum Vitae

Europass Curriculum Vitae Europass Curriculum Vitae Personal information First name(s) / Surname(s) Address(es) Telephone(s) Fax(es) - E-mail MARINAŞ CRISTIAN-VIRGIL 209-213, Libertatii Street, Bl. A1, Ap. 13, Alexandria, County

More information

Women Entrepreneurs in the Middle East and North Africa:

Women Entrepreneurs in the Middle East and North Africa: CAWTAR Center of Arab Women for Training and Research Women Entrepreneurs in the Middle East and North Africa: Characteristics, Contributions and Challenges EXECUTIVE SUMMARY P UBLISHED BY The Center of

More information

ijcrb.webs.com INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS APRIL 2013 VOL 4, NO 12 MARKET, KISUMU COUNTY, KENYA.

ijcrb.webs.com INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS APRIL 2013 VOL 4, NO 12 MARKET, KISUMU COUNTY, KENYA. EFFECT OF MICROFINANCE LOANS ON THE PROFIT MARGINS OF WOMEN MANAGED SECOND HAND MERCHANDISE ENTERPRISES AT KIBUYE MARKET, KISUMU COUNTY, KENYA. SARAH OKWISA SIMWA SCHOOL OF HUMAN RESOURCE AND DEVELOPMENT,

More information

Research on the Employment Psychology of Graduate in Colleges and Universities

Research on the Employment Psychology of Graduate in Colleges and Universities Research on the Employment Psychology of Graduate in Colleges and Universities GUO Jing 1, QI Lei 2 1. College of Agronomy, Agricultural University of Hebei, Hebei Baoding, 071001 2. College of Civil Engineering,

More information

CONDUCTING MARKET RESEARCH

CONDUCTING MARKET RESEARCH CONDUCTING MARKET RESEARCH The importance of good research Once you have determined your target market, you now have to obtain as much information as you can about them through research. Your advertising

More information

International Business & Economics Research Journal June 2013 Volume 12, Number 6

International Business & Economics Research Journal June 2013 Volume 12, Number 6 Establishing The Challenges Affecting South African SMEs Michael C. Cant, University of South Africa, South Africa Johannes A. Wiid, University of South Africa, South Africa ABSTRACT Cant and Ligthelm

More information

Research Article How Entrepreneurial are Doctoral Students? Some Evidence from Romania. Alina Badulescu and Daniel Badulescu

Research Article How Entrepreneurial are Doctoral Students? Some Evidence from Romania. Alina Badulescu and Daniel Badulescu IBIMA Publishing Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economic http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/jeerbe/jeerbe.html Vol. 2013 (2013), Article ID 186798, 10 pages Research Article How

More information

The Impact of Strategic Planning Activities on Transylvanian SMEs - An Empirical Research

The Impact of Strategic Planning Activities on Transylvanian SMEs - An Empirical Research Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 24 (2011) 643 648 7 th International Strategic Management Conference The Impact of Strategic Planning Activities on Transylvanian

More information

Human resources development and training

Human resources development and training International Labour Conference 92nd Session 2004 Report IV (1) Human resources development and training Fourth item on the agenda International Labour Office Geneva ISBN 92-2-113036-3 ISSN 0074-6681 First

More information

Job Preference Factors of International Students

Job Preference Factors of International Students Job Preference Factors of International Students Hanoku Bathula Senior Lecturer International Business Programme AIS St Helens PO Box 2995 Auckland 1140 New Zealand Phone: +649 8151717 Extn 814 Email:

More information