Monsoon Asia Physical Geography

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1 Monsoon Asia Physical Geography

2

3 Tibetan Plateau Thinly inhabited Very high, barren, mountainous plateau; Average of 3 miles in elevation Its glaciers feed it greatest rivers, lifelines for two billion people. Now the ice and snow are diminishing.

4 Mountains Mountains are important in Asia because they influence: A. Population patterns B. Movement of people and goods C. Climate

5 Mountains The most important mountain range in Asia is the Himalaya Mountains. The Himalayas separate India from China. The Himalayas block clouds that are formed by monsoons from entering Western China. The Himalayas isolate Tibet and make transportation difficult.

6 The Himalayas him *snow+ aalaya *home+ Mt. Everest is 29,035 feet. It is the highest mt. peak in the world.

7 This mountain ranges separates South Asia From the rest of Asia Extend 1,500 miles The Himalayas

8 Mountains 70% of Japan is mountainous Japanese Alps: have several volcanic peaks and comprise of several mountain ranges Mount Fuji is the tallest mountain in Japan at 12,388 ft, is an active volcano The mountain is located on the island of Honshu and it is considered sacred by Shintos.

9

10 Mount Fuji

11 Mount Fuji outside of Tokyo

12 Rivers and Bodies of Water Many rivers in Monsoon Asia start in the Himalaya Mountains. Rivers erode away the mountains and carry sediment (little bits of dirt) down to the flat plains at the base of the mountains. The sediment makes the soil by the rivers fertile and a good place to farm.

13 The Ganges River System 1,560 miles long

14 The Ganges The Ganges deposits sediment on a flat area called the Indo-Gangetic Plain. This river is important to India because it: A. Provides water for agriculture B. Provides water for factories and industries C. Provides water for human use D. Is considered sacred by Hindus

15 Mata Ganga (Mother Ganges)

16 The Ganges Hindus build temples on the banks of the Ganges River. Those who touch the holy waters are cleaned of all sins Hindus often pray in the water and when they die many are cremated and the ashes cast into the river.

17

18 Begins in the Himalaya mountains Joins with the Ganges to form HUGE delta The Brahmaputra River System Floods in this delta deposit new layers of silt making it very fertile 1,800 miles long

19 The Rivers of China The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers flow through an area that is flat in elevation called the North China Plain. This area has intensive farming The two rivers are connected by The Grand Canal.

20 Second largest river in China The Yellow River Called "the cradle of Chinese civilization Disappearing fast What water remains is being poisoned

21 The Yellow River

22 Yangtze(Chang Jiang) River Flows from the Tibetan Plateau Construction of three gorges dam on river has caused flooding Allows for much of the agricultural power in china

23 Mekong River The longest river in Southeast Asia starts in the Himalayas and flows through China, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam before emptying into the South China Sea. More species of fish in this river then any other river, beside Amazon and Congo

24 Winter Monsoons: Nov.-April

25 Summer Monsoons: May-Oct.

26 The Gobi Desert The largest desert in this area is the Gobi Desert (waterless place) South Asia gets rain from the monsoons but the Himalaya Mountains block the rain from entering Western China. Most of Western China and Mongolia are in a rain shadow.

27 Rain Shadow

28 Gobi Desert

29 Ring of Fire Part of Asia is on The Ring of Fire, an area around the Pacific Ocean where many tectonic plates meet. This area is at a greater risk for having earthquakes and active volcanoes. As well as tsunamis created by the earthquakes

30

31 Mount Pinatubo Volcano on the island of Luzon, in the Philippines, erupted in nd largest eruption in 20 th century

32 Tectonic plates shifted almost 100 feet Killed 2000,000 to 300,000 people Dec. 26, 2004

33 Japan: March 11, 2011

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