Technical Session 4/Smart Grid for Smart City China Strategy and Experience

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1 Technical Session 4/Smart Grid for Smart City China Strategy and Experience Professor Loi Lei Lai, Guangdong University of Technology October,

2 Agenda The Big Picture Smart Grid and Smart City Development of China's Smart City Typical Green Buildings in China Demonstration Project - Tianjin Eco-City Yangzhou Demonstration Project Conclusions 2 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

3 The Big Picture 2003, 6.3 billion people 2050, 9-10 billion people Interdependence between different energy supply systems (Gas, Heat, Electricity) Requirement of integration of renewables, storage, EV and conventional power plants Effective physical energy and information flows Unbalanced energy resources distribution Government policies: Golden Sun Project 3 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

4 Global Reserve of Fossil Energy Natural Gas Coal Petroleum 4 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

5 . Distribution of Fossil Energy Petroleum Coal Natural Gas 5 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

6 1850~2010 Atmospheric Concentrations of CO2 (ppm) (ppm) 6 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

7 Future Renewable Generation 7 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

8 Changes in Power Generation.. Power Generation (trillion kwh) Coal PV Petro -leum Gas Hydro Nuclear Solar Heat Biomass Ocean Wind Changes of power generation of different energies in 2010~ SESSION TITLE

9 Energy Resources in China.. 9 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

10 Electricity Generation The share of coal generation will decrease from 70% in 2010 to about 50% in 2030 while that of clean energy generation will increase from 26% to 40% China s generation capacity by types in 2013 (GW) Types Capacity % Hydro Thermal Nuclear Wind Solar Total SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

11 Electricity Grid. AC: 1000/500/220/110(66)/35/10/0.4kV and 750/330(220)/110/35/10/0.4kV DC: ±500(±400),±660,±800kV 6 regional synchronous grids, namely North, Central, East, Northwest, Northeast and South China Grid In 2020, 5 North-South and 6 West-East transmission corridors, transfer capacity of 400 GW For distribution grids, promote DG and smart grids 11 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

12 Electricity Consumption In 2013, China s electricity consumption reached 5300 TWh with a year-on-year increase rate of 9.1% since 1978 In the future, the electricity consumption pattern will be deeply influenced by its urbanization, industrialization and the technological breakthroughs in renewable and energy efficiency. In this scenario, the total social electricity consumption in 2020 and 2030 will reach 8300TWh and 10700TWh respectively 12 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

13 Distributed Generation. DG includes City CHP, roof-top PV and small wind In general, small hydropower, biomass, PV and natural gas generation will hold a promising future Year DG cap. (GW) % of total cap ~ ~ Major players By-product gas; heat; biomass Small hydro; Distributed PV; Distributed NG 13 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

14 Smart Grid and Smart City Smart grid implementation is to achieve sustainable, marketable, affordable, reliable and technological advanced electrical system Smart city is the integration of Internet of Things and other new generation of information technology and application. Its main role is to make city life more intelligent, efficient use of resources, increase energy saving, improve service delivery and quality of life, reduce cost, support innovation for low-carbon economy and innovative processes. People is the focus 14 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

15 Development of China's Smart City. N Since 2011, China's urbanization rate topped 50%, urban construction pattern need urgent transformation. The smart city is one of the three objectives of urban development in New town development plan In 2015, 95% of the national sub-provincial level cities, 76% of the city level and above, a total of about 500 cities under construction have proposed Smart City Currently, there are about 277 smart city pilot projects. The market size is estimated around 4 trillion yuan 15 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

16 Demonstration Projects. 16 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

17 China Green Building Development Till 31st December, 2013, the green building projects of the whole country is 1446, with a total construction area of m2 In 2013, the number of green building projects is 307, with a construction area of 24,370,000 m2. The percentage of one, two, three-star projects is 39.7%, 39.1% and 21.2% In geographical distribution, the top ten of green building projects are Jiangsu, Guangdong, Shandong, Shanghai, Hebei, Tianjin, Zhejiang, Hubei, Beijing and Fujian 17 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

18 Typical Green Buildings in China.. 18 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

19 Demonstration Project - Tianjin Eco-City On 18 November 2003, the framework on the development of an Eco-city in Tianjin of China was signed The Eco-city Master Plan encompasses aspects such as eco-economy, eco-society, ecoenvironment and eco-culture with consideration for sustainability The development of Eco-city targeted for completion in 10 years and the population will be 350, SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

20 Development Aims. The Eco-city becomes a platform for the innovation and application of technologies in ecological and environmental protection, energy conservation, emission reduction and green building. The following have been created: A national training center and base for global campaign for ecological and environmental protection and development A base for modern high-tech ecological industries A model for livable city which is resourceconserving 20 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

21 System for Smart Electricity 21 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

22 Smart Buildings. 22 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

23 Smart Building / Home Electric power would be distributed through allfiber-to-home access and smart sockets would be installed to control the usage of power. In the user intelligent interactive terminal, two-way interactive services would be used, new customer relationships would be built and the level of energy use was improved 23 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

24 Present Results RFID and other technologies have been widely used. E-government and public utilities as well as the level of public management information are continuously under development The demonstration project of smart city has basically been completed. Smart Tianjin" strategic emerging industrial clusters are formed for Tianjin's economic development The high-speed information network, intelligent and efficient urban infrastructure and modern industrial system have been completed 24 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

25 The Improvements needed The industrial structure is still simple The market hehaviour is difficult to predict Residential population of 350 thousands, only 210 thousands are under employment Integration of new and old technology need more consideration Data uncertainty, visualization and mining need more investigation New market models are needed Good practice must be developed 25 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

26 Yangzhou Demonstration Project At the end of 2010, smart grid demonstration project Development Zone started in Yangzhou Economic Zone It included photovoltaic power sources, equipment condition monitoring systems, intelligent substation, distribution automation, power quality monitoring, information collection system, electric vehicle charging facilities, communication and information networks and smart grid visualization platform 26 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

27 Power Supply An area of 72 square kilometers An electricity consumption about 960 million kwh Peak load was about 20 million kilowatts in 2010 Supply voltage level was 400 volts to 220 kv 172 large or medium industrial enterprises 17.7 million residential customers 27 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

28 Application Systems Condition monitoring system for power transmission and transformation equipment Intelligent substation monitoring system Intelligent distribution automation system Information gathering system Management system for electric vehicles Energy management and demand response assessment system Platform for communication monitoring and management 28 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

29 Intelligent Substation Intelligent substation based on the use of smart equipment to complete the information collection, measurement, control, protection, measurement and monitoring function to support real-time automatic control of substation online analysis for decision-making and other advanced features of the substation Design follow "Intelligent substation technical guidelines" Q/GDW and "Design Code for Intelligent Substation of 110kV ~ 220kV" Q / GDW SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

30 Present Results The project completed and put into operation in 27 N o v e m b e r 2011 which is the most extensive coverage and the largest smart grid implementation at the time The intelligent substation and power distribution automation effectively improve the safety and reliability of the grid. The overall reliability of the development zone reached %, voltage level variation is 100% within allowance 30 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

31 Conclusions Smart grid and smart city are promoting each other China strategy and experience in smart grid and smart city have been looked at There are opportunities and challenges and the development of these two areas will attract more investment Multi-disciplinary R&D would be essential to minimize the risk for smart grid for smart city implementation 31 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

32 Acknowledgements The help from Xin Cun, Yifu Hu, Zhiheng Huang, Baifu Huang, Liping Huang, Mengxuan Yan in producing the PPT is much appreciated 32 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

33 Thank you Q/A 33 SESSION TITLE: Building, Eco-district and Demand Response Challenges

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