Palmerston North City Council: District Plan Review 2011.

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1 Survey of Notable Trees for Palmerston North City Council: District Plan Review Report and Recommendations Survey and Assessments By Wakeling and Associates Ltd March June 2011

2 Survey of Notable Trees for Palmerston North City Council: District Plan Review Report and Recommendations The Brief Wakeling and Associates Ltd. were engaged by Palmerston North City Council to undertake a survey of heritage and notable trees within the city, as part of District Plan Review. Trees of high amenity value are to be included in the Schedule of Notable Trees, Groups of Trees and Areas of Significant Vegetation. Currently there are 63 individual trees and 33 groups of trees registered on the schedule. The trees are in public and private ownership. In addition to the existing trees, new trees have been submitted for assessment by members of the public, community groups and Council staff. These trees were assessed during March Fifty-six new trees and groups of trees were assessed. The Method The surveys of the trees were undertaken by John Wakeling in March and May Trees were assessed for their amenity and heritage values by using the Standard Tree Evaluation Method (STEM). The STEM was designed by Ron Flook, a former president of NZ ILA to provide a basis for objective assessment of amenity trees. The STEM is subdivided into three sections as follow: Condition Evaluation Points Score Form Poor Moderate Good Very good Specimen Occurrence Predominant Common Infrequent Rare Very rare Vigour and Vitality Poor Some Good Very good Excellent Function Minor Useful Important Significant Major Age (years) Stature (m) to to to Subtotal Points Condition evaluation assesses the overall health/viability of the tree or trees and each criterion is scored to a maximum of 27 points. It should be stressed that Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

3 STEM is not a tree inspection, and makes no claims to be an assessment of the health or stability of any tree. Amenity Evaluation Points Score Public Accessibility Private Visible from Road Front Yard Semi Public Public (free access) Visibility (from 1km) No view Visible from Local Rd Visible from Collector Rd Visible from Principal Rd Visible from Arterial Rd Proximity Forest Parkland Group 10+ Group 3+ Solitary Role Minor Moderate Important Significant Major Effect on Climate Minor Moderate Important Significant Major Subtotal Points Amenity evaluation assesses the public profile and role of the tree in the landscape again with a maximum score of 27 for each criterion. Notable Evaluation Recognition Local District Regional National International Score Points Stature Feature Local District Regional National International Form Local District Regional National International Historic Age 100+ Local District Regional National International Association Local District Regional National International Commemoration Local District Regional National International Remnant Local District Regional National International Relict Local District Regional National International Scientific Source Local District Regional National International Rarity Local District Regional National International Endangered Local District Regional National International Subtotal Points The Notable evaluation is used only for especially high value cases for example, an exceptionally well-formed specimen of an uncommon tree could be allocated special points in the Scientific section as a good source of seed or other propagules. Or a commemorative tree planted by a VIP in honour of an historical event would merit inclusion of district regional or international importance. The final score for each tree is the sum of the three sections i.e. Condition evaluation + Amenity evaluation + Notable evaluation = Total score. The STEM has been slightly modified by PNCC in three minor ways to suit the particular characteristics of the city: Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

4 1. Visibility of the subjects relates to the Council roading hierarchy, rather than the distance from which a tree might be seen (as in the original method). 2. Stature has been moved from the Amenity section to the Condition section. 3. A new criterion Public Accessibility has been added to the Amenity section; this is an important factor for local awareness of heritage trees. Setting the standard for inclusion into the Schedule of Heritage Trees. The current threshold for inclusion in the schedule is a score of 160 points or more. It is considered that 160 points captures the most notable trees - specimens that are considered stable, have a reasonably long life expectancy, and whose presence makes a significant impact in the landscape. A threshold set at 150 points, would include many more trees, but many would have serious flaws, or trees that are in poor condition. If the threshold is set higher, many attractive and noteworthy trees would be excluded from the schedule. Every tree surveyed has been checked for general health and stability and the notes and comments for further work and maintenance are recorded, along with comprehensive photographs on the file for each tree. The tree assessments are not complete inspections, and should be used for guidance only. Council trees excluded. (See appendix 3 for the list of Council trees) The Council s Strategic Tree Policy provides adequate protection for all Council owned trees. It incorporates a transparent and challengeable process for all tree work that might be undertaken on publicly owned trees and groups of trees, including species choice, planting, pruning, considerations for the effects of works in the proximity of trees and ultimately, the removal of trees. With the protection of the city s tree asset protected with a public tree policy, it is considered that the inclusion of publicly owned trees in the notable tree register is likely to be redundant for Council managed trees. Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

5 New Trees and Groups of trees. (See Appendix 3 for the list of new trees). In the twelve years since the last comprehensive survey, many trees and groups of trees have been submitted by members of the public for inclusion on the schedule of notable trees. Fifty-six trees and groups of trees were visited for the first time and scored according to the STEM. Of these, 22 specimens scored 160 points or more, making them suitable for inclusion in the schedule of trees. One exception is a group of two poplar trees of very large size and grandeur, growing over a driveway. Poplar are not long lived specimens and are inclined to shed branches in their later years and are thus best suited to areas where there is little human presence; therefore it is recommended that the poplar trees are 7 Te Matai Road are not included in the Schedule of Heritage Trees. Existing trees and Groups of Trees. (See appendix 1 for the list of existing heritage trees). The survey of the trees on the existing schedule revealed very few changes of health or status. Of the trees that no longer score 160 points, one has been removed (with consent) for road widening, five trees have declined in health, one of the group of two jelly palms has declined in health and one group of trees (Chinese windmill palms) has been removed from consideration as this species is now considered to be an invasive weed. The three groups of trees in the grounds of have been re-organised in this round of assessments to make identification of the individuals easier. 1. The group of 4 elm (Ulmus procera) and one deodar (Cedrus deodora)on the northern side of the driveway, close to the stable block 2. The group of four horse chestnut (Aesculus x carnea) trees either side of the iron entrance gates. (There is an intrusive oak tree (Quercus robur)in among these trees. It is a poor quality specimen with a cavity in the trunk at about 4m. The tree should be considered for removal). 3. The group of five oak (Quercus robur) and one elm (Ulmus procera) on either side of the entrance drive, before the entrance gates. The majority of the trees in this survey are located on the sites of older homesteads and in the earlier settled suburbs. Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

6 Many of the newer parts of the city have no heritage of existing trees and consequently will have to rely on Council s street tree planting policies for the provision of natural shade and visual relief until such time that the young trees in private gardens have grown and matured. It is likely that pressures of development will have adverse effects on the health of some of the trees on this heritage list it can take many years before effects such as changes in drainage patterns, soil compaction and severance of roots show up as declining tree health. It is therefore important that people are encouraged to continue to plant trees to maintain a significant tree presence for the city. This survey of the notable trees of Palmerston North has captured many of the most notable, historic and valuable trees within the city; however, it is not a comprehensive list there are many other trees and groups of trees yet to be forwarded that would be eligible for inclusion on the Schedule of Heritage Trees. Recommendations It is recommended that the threshold for inclusion into the Schedule of Heritage Trees be kept at 160 points trees with this score are considered to contribute significantly to the character, identity and history of the city. They are also considered to have a reasonably long and useful life expectancy. It is recommended that the finalised list of trees and groups of trees be included into the Schedule of Heritage Trees. (See Appendices 5 and 6 for the lists of recommended trees) John Wakeling Consulting Arborist June 9 th 2011 Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

7 These trees scored fewer than 160 points Appendix 1 (Light green column indicates scores of 160 points and above) Table of existing Heritage Trees in Private Ownership Ref no. to be assigned Address Vernacular name Botanical name Points 44 Linton Street Deodar removed with consent Was a replacement tree required? 27 Stanley Ave Five finger/pate Pseudopanax crassifolium South Street Kowhai Sophora microphylla Albert Street Queensland Box Tristania conferta Variegata College Street Rata Metrosideros robusta Park Road Oak Quercus robur Moerangi Street Coastal redwood Sequoia sempervirens Victoria Avenue Liquidambar Liquidambar styraciflua Slacks Road Northern Rata Metrosideros robusta Stanley Street Black beech Nothofagus solandri Fitzroy Street Camperdown Elm Ulmus glabra Camperdownii a Fitzroy Street Copper Beech Fagus sylvatica purpurea 165 Flowering Gum Corymbia ficifolia; syn. Eucalyptus f. 399 Albert Street Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Te Awe Awe Street Kanuka Kunzea ericoides Botanical Road Kowhai Sophora tetraptera Main Street Oak Quercus robur Limbrick Street Red Flowering gum Corymbia ficifolia Fitzherbert Avenue Oak Quercus robur 167 Irish yew Taxus baccata Fastigiata Park Road Oak Quercus robur Pastoral Lane Oak Quercus robur South Street Puriri Vitex lucens Mulgrave Street, Ashurst Rata Metrosideros robusta Ferguson Road Oak Quercus robur Pastoral Lane Oak Quercus robur Pioneer Highway Black beech Nothofagus solandri Grey Street Phoenix palm Phoenix canariensis Te Awe Awe Street Scarlet oak Quercus coccinea to 283 Featherston Street Turkey oak Quercus cerris a Victoria Street European Beech Fagus sylvatica Linton Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla Ihaka Street Oak Quercus robur Salisbury Street, Ashurst Oak Quercus robur Featherston Street Tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera Albert Street Golden Elm Ulmus glabra Lutescens Cambridge Road Lime Tilia platyphyllos Featherston Street Mammoth Tree or giant redwood Sequoiadendron giganteum 186 Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

8 Table of existing Heritage Trees in Private Ownership Ref no. to be assigned Address Vernacular name Botanical name Points 153 Fitzherbert Avenue Blue Atlas cedar Cedrus atlantica Glauca Fitzherbert Avenue Evergreen magnolia, bull bay Magnolia grandiflora Cambridge Ave Italian Cypress Cupressus sempervirens Lombard Street Pohutukawa Metrosideros excelsior Church Street Rata Metrosideros robusta Florence Avenue Weeping wych elm Ulmus glabra Pendula Albert Street Northern rata Metrosideros robusta Fitzherbert Avenue Deodar Cedrus deodora Main Street Flowering gum Corymbia ficifolia Te Awe Awe Street Oak Quercus robur Albert Street Rata Metrosideros robusta 195 Beech in rose garden Nothofagus solandri (this is disputed, could be a hybrid) Canary Pine Pinus canariensis Park Road Black beech Nothofagus solandri Te Awe Awe Street Oak Quercus robur 210 Tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera 210 Deodar. Cedrus deodora College Street Oak Quercus robur Te Awe Awe Street Four deodars* Cedrus deodora 225 Tennent Drive, Batchelar Research Centre Oak Quercus robur Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

9 Appendix 2 (Light green column indicates scores of 160 points and above) Table of Groups of trees in Private Ownership Ref no. to be assigned Fewer than 160 points Address Vernacular name Botanical name Points 40 Pahiatua Street 20 Chinese windmill palm Removed from the Heritage list see report 128 Cook Street 2 jelly palms Butia capitata Fitzroy Street 2 English oak Quercus robur Lincoln Street, Ashurst Group of 6 Totara Podocarpus totara River Road, Ashurst Group of 1 miro; 3totara;10 kahikatea Group of 4 Horse Chestnuts New group configuration Podocarpus ferrugineus, P. Totara, Dacrycarpus dacridioides Aesculus hippocastanum Pahiatua Street Two Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba m pergola of wisteria Wisteria floribunda or W. Sinensis 666 Tremaine Ave 17 Phoenix palm Phoenix canariensis Fitzherbert Avenue Group of one European beech, two totara and one rimu 21 Margaret Street Two giant redwood or mammoth trees Manawatu Golf Club, Centennial Drive 189 Fitzherbert Avenue Group: 3 totara, 1 karaka, 1 Japanese maple Fagus sylvatica, Dacrydium cupressinum Sequoiadendron giganteum 198 Group of five oak, one elm Quercus robur, Ulmus procera totara trees Podocarpus totara 210 Podocarpus totara, Corynocarpus laevigatus, Acer palmatum. 88 Te Awe Awe Street Four deodars Cedrus deodora Batchelar Drive Karaka grove Corynocarpus laevigatus 228 Group of 4 elm and one deodar New Group configuration Ulmus procera and Cedrus deodara Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

10 Appendix 3 Ref no. to be assigned Table of Trees and Groups of Trees in Council Ownership Address Vernacular name Botanical name Council Pastoral Lane Now vested in Council ownership Not assessed Council 130 Te Awe Awe Street 3 Elms,1 oak Ulmus procera, Quercus robur Council Racecourse Road, street trees 18 Phoenix palms Phoenix canariensis Council Centennial Drive, street trees Two gums, one fallen Eucalyptus sp. Council 130 Te Awe Awe Street 3 Elms,1 oak Ulmus procera, Quercus robur Council 106 Victoria Avenue London Plane Platanus x hispanica Council Kelvin Grove Cemetery Pin oak Quercus palustris Council On berm, 9 Pastoral Lane Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Council Cambridge Ave War Memorial Reserve Oak Quercus robur Council Memorial Park 4 golden Elm Ulmus procera Lutescens Council Elliott Street, street trees 11 Chinese Elm Ulmus parvifolia Council Milverton Park, Victoria Avenue Elm Ulmus procera Council The Square Elm Ulmus procera Council Racecourse Road Reserve Phoenix Palm Phoenix canariensis Council Belfast Place Street trees Fastigiate oak Quercus robur fastigiata Council The Square Three individual trees Council Council Palm Drive, Victoria Park Esplanade Fitzherbert Drive, Fitzherbert Ave Phoenix palms lining the drive Phoenix palms lining the Cricket ground Council Victoria Park Esplanade 24 individual trees in the gardens (2 kauri, 4 rata, 1 mayten, 1 ash, 2 ginkgo, 1 dawn redwood, 1 Serbian spruce, 1 ombu, 1 Campbell s magnolia, 1 pohutukawa, 1 Kobus magnolia, 1 Mexican swamp cypress, 1 Illawarra flame tree, 1 firewheel tree, 1 Queensland box, 1 queen Palm, 1 silky oak, 1 kowhai, 1 pin oak, 1 African cabbage tree). Council R/o Buick Place A group of several old totara, a rata and a wonderful under/new planting of native trees and shrubs, kept in order by council and local initiative 45 trees and groups of trees in Council ownership. Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

11 These trees scored fewer than 160 points Appendix 4 (Light green column indicates scores of 160 points and above) Table of New Trees surveyed in March 2011 Ref. nos. Address Vernacular name Botanical Name Score 11 Kings Court Cedar felled several years ago 0 23a Pahiatua Street Copper beech, no entry to the site 0 20 Centennial Drive Group of young native trees Botanical Road Kahikatea and totara Dacrycarpus dacridioides 0 24 Tweed Street Kauri Agathis australis Featherston Street Kauri recently felled Ruahine Street Native fuchsia None found 0 17 Karina Terrace No trees left 0 37 North Street Oak tree - felled 0 29 a Nottingham Crescent Oak Tree felled for development Te Awe Awe Street Oak, decayed not assessed Quercus robur 0 25 Annandale Drive Pepper tree Schinus molle Staces Road Totara 9 not assessed Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara group not assessed Podocarpus totara 0 Freyburg High School Various shrubs and small trees Featherston Street 2 Totara Trees Podocarpus totara Duff Street Variegated elm Ulmus procera Variegata Ihaka Street Copper Beech. Fagus sylvatica Purpurea Tweed Street Oak Quercus robur College Street Totara Podocarpus totara St. Albans Ave Walnut Juglans regia Batt Street Evergreen magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Slacks Road Copper Beech Fagus sylvatica purpurea Tweed Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla Roy Street Pin oak Quercus palustris Millar Street Flowering gum Corymbia (Eucalyptus) ficifolia Duff Street Flowering Gum Corymbia ficifolia St. Albans Ave Kauri Agathis australis Ward Street Oak Quercus robur Millar Street Cabbage tree or ti kouka Cordyline australis Crewe Crescent Oak Quercus robur Fitzroy Street Copper beech Fagus sylvatica Purpurea Slacks Road Pohutukawa Metrosideros excelsa Staces Road Totara 8 Podocarpus totara Albert Street Totara Podocarpus totara Park Road Oak Quercus robur Park Road Oak Quercus robur Ruahine Street Holly Ilex aquifolium Vogel Street Nikau Rhopalostylis sapida Church Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla Crewe Crescent Oriental plane Platanus orientalis Staces Road Totara 3 Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 2 Podocarpus totara 169 Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

12 Table of New Trees surveyed in March 2011 Ref. nos. Address Vernacular name Botanical Name Score 58 Linton Street The northern of the two Totara trees 58 Linton Street The southern of the two Totara trees Podocarpus totara 171 Podocarpus totara Napier Road Approximately 50 totara Podocarpus totara Seddon Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla Slacks Road One group of native trees Staces Road Totara 4 Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 5 Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 6 Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 7 Podocarpus totara Church Street Oak Quercus robur Te Matai Road Three oak trees Quercus robur Staces Road Totara 1 Podocarpus totara Te Matai Road Two poplar (hybrid) Populus hybrid 189 Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

13 Appendix 5 Ref. nos. (to be assigned) Table of the finalised list of Heritage Trees (existing trees, new trees but excluding those in Council ownership) Address Vernacular name Botanical Name Score Victoria Avenue Liquidambar Liquidambar styraciflua Moerangi Street Coastal redwood Sequoia sempervirens Slacks Road Northern Rata Metrosideros robusta Park Road Oak Quercus robur Park Road Oak Quercus robur Flowering Gum Corymbia ficifolia; syn. Eucalyptus f Staces Road Totara 3 Podocarpus totara Albert Street Totara Podocarpus totara Ruahine Street Holly Ilex aquifolium Fitzroy Street Camperdown Elm Ulmus glabra Camperdownii Stanley Street Black beech Nothofagus solandri Botanical Road Kowhai Sophora tetraptera Albert Street Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Crewe Crescent Oriental plane Platanus orientalis Church Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla a Fitzroy Street Copper Beech Fagus sylvatica purpurea Te Awe Awe Street Kanuka Kunzea ericoides Main Street Oak Quercus robur Limbrick Street Red Flowering gum Corymbia ficifolia Vogel Street Nikau Rhopalostylis sapida Fitzherbert Avenue Oak Quercus robur Staces Road Totara 2 Podocarpus totara Pastoral Lane Oak Quercus robur Seddon Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla Park Road Oak Quercus robur Irish yew Taxus baccata Fastigiata Napier Road Approximately 50 totara Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 4 Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 5 Podocarpus totara South Street Puriri Vitex lucens Linton Street The northern of the two Totara trees Linton Street The southern of the two Totara trees Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey Podocarpus totara 171 Podocarpus totara Slacks Road One group of native trees Mulgrave Street, Ashurst Rata Metrosideros robusta Ferguson Road oak Quercus robur Pastoral Lane Oak Quercus robur Staces Road Totara 6 Podocarpus totara Staces Road Totara 7 Podocarpus totara 177

14 Ref. nos. (to be assigned) Table of the finalised list of Heritage Trees (existing trees, new trees but excluding those in Council ownership) Address Vernacular name Botanical Name Score Grey Street Phoenix palm Phoenix canariensis Pioneer Highway Black beech Nothofagus solandri Te Awe Awe Street Scarlet oak Quercus coccinea to 283 Featherston Street Turkey oak Quercus cerris Church Street Oak Quercus robur Linton Street Norfolk Island pine Araucaria heterophylla Salisbury Street, Ashurst Oak Quercus robur a Victoria Street European Beech Fagus sylvatica Staces Road Totara 1 Podocarpus totara Ihaka Street Oak Quercus robur Featherston Street Tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera Te Matai Road Three oak trees Quercus robur Albert Street Golden Elm Ulmus glabra Lutescens Cambridge Road, Ashurst Featherston Street Mammoth Tree or giant redwood Lime Tilia platyphyllos 186 Sequoiadendron giganteum Fitzherbert Avenue Evergreen magnolia, bull bay Magnolia grandiflora Fitzherbert Avenue Blue Atlas cedar Cedrus atlantica Glauca Cambridge Ave, Ashurs Italian Cypress Cupressus sempervirens Church Street Rata Metrosideros robusta Lombard Street Pohutukawa Metrosideros excelsior Te Matai Road Two poplar (hybrid) Populus hybrid Florence Avenue Weeping wych elm Ulmus glabra Pendula Albert Street Northern rata Metrosideros robusta Main Street Flowering gum Corymbia ficifolia Albert Street Rata Metrosideros robusta Te Awe Awe Street Oak Quercus robur Fitzherbert Avenue Deodar Cedrus deodora Beech in rose garden Nothofagus solandri (this is disputed, could be a hybrid) Canary Pine Pinus canariensis Park Road Black beech Nothofagus solandri Tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera Te Awe Awe Street Oak Quercus robur Deodar. Cedrus deodora College Street Oak Quercus robur Te Awe Awe Street Four deodars* Cedrus deodora Tennent Drive, Batchelar Research Centre Oak Quercus robur Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

15 Appendix 6 Ref. nos. (to be assigned) Table of the finalised list of Heritage Groups of trees Address Vernacular name Botanical Name Score G1 70 Fitzroy Street 2 English oak Quercus robur 165 G2 68 Slacks Road One group of native trees 171 G3 25 Lincoln Street, Ashurst Group of 6 Totara Podocarpus totara 174 G4 19 River Road, Ashurst Group of 1 miro; 3totara;10 kahikatea Podocarpus ferrugineus, P. Totara, Dacrycarpus dacridioides G5 40 Pahiatua Street Two Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba 177 G6 G7 Group of 4 Horse Chestnuts New group configuration 177 Aesculus hippocastanum m pergola of wisteria Wisteria floribunda or W. Sinensis G8 666 Tremaine Ave 17 Phoenix palm Phoenix canariensis 189 G9 189 Fitzherbert Avenue Group of one European beech, two totara and one rimu G10 21 Margaret Street Two giant redwood or mammoth trees G11 G12 Manawatu Golf Club, Centennial Drive G Fitzherbert Avenue Group: 3 totara, 1 karaka, 1 Japanese maple Fagus sylvatica, Dacrydium cupressinum Sequoiadendron giganteum 198 Group of five oak, one elm Quercus robur, Ulmus procera totara trees Podocarpus totara 210 Podocarpus totara, Corynocarpus laevigatus, Acer palmatum. G14 88 Te Awe Awe Street Four deodars Cedrus deodora 225 G Batchelar Drive Karaka grove Corynocarpus laevigatus 228 G16 Group of 4 elm and one deodar New Group configuration Ulmus procera and Cedrus deodara Palmerston North Heritage Tree Survey

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