To enlarge the scale of renewable energy applications, to promote the integration of renewable energy and

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2 12 th Five-Year Plan for Renewable Energy Development General objectives To enlarge the scale of renewable energy applications, to promote the integration of renewable energy and conventional energy systems, to increase the proportion of renewable energy in energy mix; to improve the overall capability for innovation in renewable energy technology, to master the core technologies of renewable energy, to establish a sound and competitive renewable energy industries. Key indicators 1. The proportion of renewable energy in energy consumption will significantly increase. By 21, the annual renewable energy consumption will reach 478 million tons of standard coal equivalents (TCE); including 4 million TCE coming from commercialized renewable energy, representing more than 9.% in overall energy mix. 2. The electricity generation from renewable energy sources will become an important part of overall power system. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, the new installed renewable energy capacity will reach 16 GW, including 61 GW of hydropower (excluding pumped hydro), 7 GW of wind power, 2 GW of solar power and 7. GW of biomass power. The electricity generation from renewable sources would account for more than 2% of total electricity generation by Renewable energy will significantly replace fossil energy for heating and conventional fuels. China will continue to enlarge the scales of solar heating utilization, promote the direct application of medium-low temperature geothermal energy and heat pump technology, promote biomass molding fuel and biomass cogeneration, and speed up the development of biogas. By 21, around 1 million TCE of fossil energy will be replaced by renewable energies to satisfy heating and fuel demand. 4. Applications of distributed renewable energy will be scaled-up. Establishing grid supporting system and management system in favor of distributed electricity generation such as solar power; establishing 3 new energy micro-grid demonstration projects; integrating diversified renewable energy technologies, such as distributed electricity generation ( solar power, etc.) and renewable energy for heating and fuel applications; Establishing 1 New-Energy City and 2 Green-Energy County for pilot. Take advantage of distributed energy to supply electricity to areas where grid can not cover. Energy supplies of more than % rural households will get access to renewable energies such as biogas, solar energy and biomass-gasification.

3 Content Key Indicators of 12th Five-Year Plan for Renewable Energy Capacity Annual production Convert to mil. TCE Amount Unit Amount Unit A. 394 GW 123 TWh Hydropower (excluded pumped-storage) On-grid wind power Solar power Biomass power Agriculture and forest residuals Biogas Urban Waste B. Biogas 22 billion cubic meter Household biogass users Mil. Households Industrial organic wastewater treatment plants 1, units.. C. Heating and Cooling Solar water heaing 4 Mil. sq.m Solar cooker 2 Mil. sets 3. Geothermal 1. Heating and cooling 8 Mil. sq.m. Hot water 1.2 Mil. Households D. Fuel Solid Biomass 1 Mil. tons. 2. Bioethanol 4 Mil. tons Biodiesel 1 Mil. tons 1. Total 478. Hydropower Biomass Wind Power Ocean Power Renewable Energy Resources Theoretical Reserves Technical Exploitation Amount Economic Exploitable Capacity Installed capacity Annual electricity generation (TWh) Installed capacity Annual electricity generation (TWh) Installed capacity Annual electricity generation (TWh) 694 6, , ,73 Resource for Energy Use Index Resources Availability million tons of million tons standard Coal equivalent Crop straw (million tons) Forest residues (million tons) Animal manure (million tons) Industrial organic waste (million Cubic meters methane),,, 39 Municipal organic waste (million tons) Total 28 Annual radiation Annual surface absortion heat Exploitable capacity (see note) x1 22 J 1,7 billion TCE 2,2GW Offshore Total 2,6 19 2,7 Offshore reserves Tidal Wave Current Salinity Temp.Diff. 1, ,321 Note: Only rivers with therotical reserve of hydropower resources of more than 1MW are included statistically, excluding the rivers in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. The annual applicable solar power is estimated with the assumption that 2% of roof area and 2% area in Gobi desert and other remote areas are installed with solar power facilities. The wind power resources estimation is based on the latest survey from China Meteorological Administration, potential exploitable resources on land is of above meters, and offshore at depth of -2 m, a wind scale of above 3 and wind power density of above 3 Watts per square meter. Sources: 23 China's hydropower resources review and "Energy Databook 211".

4 China Energy Structure (million TCE) 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, Ocean & Geothermal Power Biomass Power On-grid Wind Power Nuclear Power Renewable Energy for heating (solar heating, biogas, biofuel, geothermy) Hydropower (excluding pumped - storage hydropower) Natural Gas Petroleum Coal In 21 and 22, the proportion of non-fossil energy in primary energy mix is expected to reach 11.4% and 1% respectively China Structure (TWh), 4, 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, Solar Wind Nuclear Hydro Fired Power 1, China Renewable Energy Production in 211 (million TCE) Hydropower (excluding pumpedstorage hydropower) On-grid Wind Power Solar Water Heater Biomass Power Biogas Geothermal Power Biomass Molding Fuel Bioethanol Biodiesel Ocean & Geothermal Power

5 Installed Capacity of Renewable Power 7 6 Ocean & Geothermal Solar Biomass Wind (on-grid) Hydropower (excluding pumped-storage hydropower) of Renewable Power (TWh) Ocean & Geothermal Solar Biomass Wind (on-grid) Hydropower (excluding pumpedstorage hydropower) Renewable Energy Targets by 21 (million TCE) Hydropower (excluding pumped storage hydropower) On-grid Wind Power Solar Water Heater Biomass Power Biogas Geothermal Power Biomass Molding Fuel Bioethanol Biodiesel Ocean & Geothermal Power

6 Hydropower Installed Capacity and Electricity Generation (excluding pumped-storage hydropower plant) 3 2 Installed Capacity GW TWH By 21, hydropower installed capacity will reach 29 GW, including 26 GW from conventional hydropower and 3 GW from pumped storage hydropower plants. By 22, hydropower installed capacity will reach 42 GW, including 3 GW from conventional hydropower and 7 GW from pumped storage hydopower plants On-grid Wind Power Installed Capacity and Item Wind Power Distribution Area New Installed in 12 th fiveyear period Total by end of Goal Hebei Installed Capacity 13 Eastern Inner Mongolia Western Inner Mongolia GW TWH Large Bases Area Gansu Xinjiang Jilin Coastal Jiangsu Coastal Shandong Heilongjiang Total Shanxi 4. 8 By 21, the total on-grid wind power installed capacity will reach 1 GW and the annual electricity generation will be more than 19TWH, including GW from offshore wind power installed capacity. By 22, the total on-grid wind installed capacity will reach 3 GW, the wind power will become an important resource of the power system. Key Development Area Liaoning Ningxia Others Total Total

7 7 Installed Capacity and Electricity Generation Biomass Power Installed Capacity and Electricity Generation GW Installed Capacity TWH - -1 GW Installed Capacity TWH Category Distribution Capacity Key Areas Capacity 1. Plant Distributed Photovoltaic Power System Photovoltaic Plant 1 Solar Thermal Power 1 1 Constructing on-grid photovoltaic power plants in Qinghai, Gansu, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Tibet, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Hainan and other places. Integration of large hypropower and wind power bases to develop photovoltaic power plants based on wind/solar and hydro/solar hybrid power supplies. Develop solar thermal demonstration projects in areas with good solar radiations, large available lands and available hydro resources. Construction of on-grid photovoltaic power system in areas with highdensity of roof-area, such as industrial parks, economic development zones, large-scale public facilities; providing access to electricity for people living in areas not covered by the grid, such as Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Sichuan and islands. Expansion of this system to urban lighting engineering, traffic signal, etc. Total 21 By the end of 21, total geothermal energies development and utilization yield will reach to 1 million TCE, including 1 MW electricity from geothermal generation, million sq.m. building heating and cooling application from surface geothermal. By 21, capacity of ocean power plants will reach MW Biogas Production and The Number of Users 6 2 Biomass Power 13 GW Biomass Pellet Fuel Annual Utilization Amount 1 million tons By 21, China biomass annual utilization amount will be million TCE. Methane Annual Utilization 22 billion cubic meters Bioethanol 4 million tons Biodiesel 1 million tons million households Biogas Production Biogas User billion Cubic Meters

8 Biomass Production Solar Water Heaters and Geothermal Power kiloton Solid biomass Bio-ethanol Bio-diesel Biomass in standard coal 3,94 4,81 3,311 2,391 1,11 1,11 1, , million TCE Geothermal Energy Application Area of solar water heaters million sq.m. Reduced Pollution Emission in 21 Renewable Energy Investment During The "12th Five-Year Plan" Period ( billion CNY, 1US$= 6.33 CNY) Dust 4 Nitrogen Oxides 3 Solar Water Heater & Surface Geothermal Energy 8 Sulfur Dioxide 7 Biomass 14 million tons Environmental Benefits in 21 Wind Power 3 Pumped Storage Power 6 Water Saving 2. Small Hydropower 12 Reduction in Carbon Dioxide Emissions billion tons Large and Medium Hydropower When reaching the targets by 21, the annual consumption of renewable energy will result in emission reduction of 1 billion tons of carbon dioxide, 7 million tons of sulfur dioxide, 3 million tons of nitrogen oxides and 4 million tons of dust, and a saving of 2. billion cubic meter of water; thus the environmental benefit is obvious. More infomation on Tel: Add: B191, GuoHong Mansion, No. 11A, Muxidibeili, XiCheng District, Beijing, China September 212 With the support of the Europe-China Clean Energy Centre

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