IRONY ANALYSIS IN STEPHENIE MEYER S NOVEL TWILIGHT. Cicy Julianty Kadir State university of Gorontalo.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "IRONY ANALYSIS IN STEPHENIE MEYER S NOVEL TWILIGHT. Cicy Julianty Kadir State university of Gorontalo."

Transcription

1 As a partial Fulfillments of Requirement for Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Presented to the English department Letters and culture faculty State University of Gorontalo IRONY ANALYSIS IN STEPHENIE MEYER S NOVEL TWILIGHT Cicy Julianty Kadir State university of Gorontalo Abstract BACKGROUND The type of this research is descriptive qualitative research. This research aims to interpret the meaning of kinds of Irony in the novel Twilight. The approach uses in this research are Structural approach. Techniques of analyzing the data based on content analysis are identification, classification and interpretation. The result of this research is novel Twilight contain kinds of irony namely verbal and situational irony. The researcher found 12 verbal irony and 10 situational irony. In verbal irony divides based on the social function and grounded on Abrams and Litmann and May s Theory. Situational irony divided into five different situations namely Situational Irony of Simple incongruity, Situational Irony of Events, Dramatic Irony, Situational Irony of Self-Betrayal, and Situational Irony of Dilemma. In analyze situational irony grounded on Oliveira and Litmann and May s theory. It can be concluding that kinds of irony (Verbal and Situational Irony) use in Stephenie Meyer s novel Twilight. Observing about literature is needed because literature and human doing are relate. Literature in this case figurative language is occurring in pure literary works. Examples of the usage of figurative language in literary works are in novel, book, poem, song s lyric, drama script, movie dialogue. Etc. Within this research, I use novel as an object because novel is one of delegation of the human s life. There are many kinds of figurative language that commonly use in a literary work such as novel like metaphor, simile, irony, personification. Etc, but not all of figurative languages frequently use in literary work depend on habitual of the author. One of the figurative language that usually use by the author is irony. Irony is a rethorical device, literary technique, or situation in which there is an incongruity between the literal and the implied meaning. Irony use when the people do not want to abuse another people directly. Irony not only happens in the novel but also in the real life. For example: You are diligent people; you wake up at o clock.

2 This is the example of irony in the real life. He says diligent people but the real meaning is lazy people. Irony occurs when we say something but the fact it is contrast with the true meaning. In real life, irony has an important function to people. Gibbs (as cited in Stanel 2006, p.25) gave the function of irony Irony is use to be witty, to put someone at ease or to save face. From the explanation of the expert mention I think that irony not only useful to make novel more beautiful but also irony has social function in society. It is one of the reasons why I make analysis about irony in my thesis writing. There are two types of Irony namely verbal irony and situational irony. I choose novel Twilight because this novel is one of novel that popular in the world. Twilight consist of four novel (Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse, and Breaking Dawn).For this research I choose the first novel (Twilight) as object. Since the release of the first novel, Twilight, in 2005, the books have gained immense popularity and commercial success around the world. Novel Twilight wrote by Stephenie Meyer. Stephenie Meyer is an American young adult author and producer, best known for her vampire romance series Twilight. THEORETICAL BASES Definition of Figurative Language According Puttenham (in Childs and Fowler 2006, p.90) gives definition of figurative language as a novelty of language evidently (and yet not absurdly) estranged from the ordinary habit and manner of our daily talk and writing, and figure itself is a certain lively or good grace set upon words, speeches, and sentences some purpose and not in vain, giving them ornament or efficacy by many manner of alterations in shape, in sound, and also in sense, Using figurative language is making imaginative descriptions in fresh ways. It is usually immediately obvious whether a writer is using figurative or literal language. The other expert Holman (1980, p.185) gives definition of figurative language that figurative language is intentional departure from the normal order, construction, or meaning of words in order to gain strength and freshness of expression, to create pictorial effect, to describe by analogy or to discover and to illustrate similarities in other wise dissimilar things. According the explanation of Holman I can say that figurative language is one of the ways to make writing more attractive and descriptive also it is done as a style of writing. There are many figurative language that commonly appear in literary work based on habitual of the author, they are simile, metaphor, metonymy, allegory, synecdoche, personification, symbol, hyperbola, litotes, paradox (oxymoron) and irony. So, there are many kinds of figurative language that the author can use in his/her work. It is depends to author to use which one of figurative language in his/her work. From the definition above it can conclude that figurative language creates the novel to make novel interest to read. The authors of novel always make figurative language to make their novel more beautiful and interest. One of types of figurative language that always use of the author is irony. The Concept of Irony According to Giora (1995, p.1) irony is a figure of speech that communicates the opposite of what is said. By saying "What a lovely party!" in the middle of a lousy party, the speaker communicates "what a lousy party.". Furthermore, Childs and Fowler (2006, p.123) say that

3 irony is a mode of discourse for conveying meanings different from, and usually opposite to, the professed or ostensible ones. There are several kinds of irony, though they fall into two main categories: situational and verbal. According to Littmann and May (as cited in Stanel 2006, p.9) there are two basic form of irony they are: Verbal Irony Verbal irony (which was traditionally classified as one of the tropes) is a statement in which the meaning that a speaker implies differs sharply from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed. (Abrams 1999, p.135) In other words verbal irony is the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning. In other words, you say one thing but actually mean the opposite. An example of this is when someone says "Oh, that's beautiful", when what they mean (probably conveyed by their tone) is they find that quite ugly. Situational Irony Situational irony is a discrepancy between the expected result and actual results. It deals with the unexpected and the incoherent situations. This situational irony is embedded in an environment where the universe seems to be against you, in other words, when the unexpected happens. For example: A man who takes a step aside in order to avoid getting sprinkled by a wet dog and falls into a swimming pool. (Oliveira, 2011, p.73) irony: Muecke (as cited in Stanel, 2006, p.18) give distinguishes five different of Situational Irony of Simple Incongruity: This first form is also known as minimal irony because there is incongruity in all ironic situations. Irony of Events: There is an ironic incongruity between the expectation and the event. Dramatic Irony: In contrast to the previous form, dramatic irony is immediately ironic and does not depend on any subsequent reading of the results. Irony of Self-Betrayal: Someone exposes his own ignorance, weaknesses, errors or follies accidentally by what he says or does, not by what happens to him. DATA FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS Data finding explains about the data of irony. It was dividing into two kinds: verbal irony and situational irony. In classification of the data, I find out 22 data when I read the utterances the novel Twilight, they are: 12 verbal irony and 10 situational irony. The example of verbal irony that occurs in novel TWILIGHT is occurs on page It is conversation between Bella and Jessica. Bella think that Dr. Carlisle is a good man because want to adopt five children, and she ask the opinion of Jessica. Jessica agrees with Bella s opinion but her voice indicates different meaning. I guess so it is a statement of Jessica who say agrees but in her heart she does not agree with Bella s opinion. Bella suspect that she is jealous with the Cullen s family because all of them have a handsome and beautiful face. This is verbal irony because Jessica says something that has opposite meaning. Refers to Abrams Theory about verbal irony is ostensibly expressed, so Jessica s statement can include in verbal irony because she ostensibly say agree but the fact she does not agree with Bella s opinion. The other kind of irony is situational irony. It is containing in novel Twilight For example on page 4 show that Bella love Phoenix and she like sun and the baking heat. From

4 her statement she should live in city that has bright weather. But in this novel she must stay in the forks, the city which always rains all the time and the sun shining rarely. She decides leave her lovely city (Phoenix) because she does not want to disturb her mother going to Florida with her new husband. She makes difficult decision for herself. It is situational because Bella love the sun but she must live in the city which rarely impeccable heat of the sun. So this is really something different with her expectation. Also grounded on Karla s theory that say situational irony is unexpected happen, it can include in situational irony. Situational irony divides into five different situations: Irony of Simple Incongruity, Irony of Events, Dramatic Irony, Irony of Self-Betrayal, and Irony of Dilemma. In this novel I find some story that includes in Situational Irony of Simple Incongruity, Situational Irony of Events, Situational Irony of Self-Betrayal and Situational Irony of Dilemma. Dramatic Irony cannot find out in this novel. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION Conclusion Based on the data analysis and the discussion of this research, the researcher concludes that, there are 12 verbal irony and 10 situational irony in Stephenie Meyer s novel Twilight. This research uses structural as the basic instruction in analyzing. After collect the data I am find out 12 verbal irony. Almost all the data of verbal irony always say something which different with reality or it has opposite meaning with our statement. There is one story in novel Twilight contain verbal irony that has function as a humor goals. Also, there are three stories in novel Twilight that categorize into verbal irony that has a function as instructional goals or criticize someone or something. All the data that categorize into verbal irony analyzing by Abrams s theory. The function of verbal irony as a social function grounded on Litmann and May s Theory. There are 10 data in novel Twilight that classify on situational irony. Situational irony divides into five different situations namely Irony of Simple Incongruity, Irony of Events, Dramatic Irony, Irony of Self-Betrayal, and Irony of Dilemma. All of situational irony includes in situational irony of simple incongruity. There are eight stories in novel Twilight includes on Situational Irony of Events. The story that categorize into Situational Irony of Self-Betrayal is one story. There is one story that classify on Situational Irony of Dilemma. There is no Dramatic Irony that contain in novel Twilight. I am as the researcher make conclude that there are verbal irony and situational irony in novel Twilight. In this novel, the author uses more verbal irony than situational irony. Hence, the problem statement in chapter one can be answered. Suggestion In this research I would like to give the present study offers some suggestions. The suggestions will explain below: This study does not include all the elements or kinds of figurative language. This study only focus analyze irony especially the kinds of irony in novel. While, there are many kinds of figurative language that contain in literary work that is still not in the analysis. For that the reader or the students can continue the analysis to other kinds of figurative language as research material. So, students can interest to learn literature. This research can be useful for students and teacher or lecturer. In the content of research study, this research can be references for the students that interest in doing a research about literature. This is present some theory and methodology that can guide the next researcher for doing their research. Then I would like to recommend the students to

5 do a research from other kinds of irony. Also they can be analyzing it in another works of Stephenie Meyer like New Moon, Eclipse, and Breaking Dawn. REFERENCES Childs, P. & Fowler. R.(2006). The Routlegde Dictionary of Literary Terms. London: Taylor and Francis Group Giora, R.(1995). On irony and negation. Discourse processes 19, pp Retrieved from Accessed on March 31, 2013 Holman, C.H. (1980). A Handbook of Literature. United State of America: The Bobbs-Merril Company, Inc. Stanel, Tina.(2006). Linguistic approaches to irony. Chemnitz: Technische Universitat Chemnitz

The Art of Rhetoric. Rhetorical Appeals. Logos The intellectual power of one s speech or writing. The Five Rhetorical Canons

The Art of Rhetoric. Rhetorical Appeals. Logos The intellectual power of one s speech or writing. The Five Rhetorical Canons The Art of Rhetoric Rhetoric, whether spoken or written, is the art of using language effectively to inform and persuade. It includes the use of three types of appeal to the audience and can be divided

More information

LITERARY ELEMENTS. Figurative Language What kinds of comparisons are made that add layers to the meaning of the poem or story?

LITERARY ELEMENTS. Figurative Language What kinds of comparisons are made that add layers to the meaning of the poem or story? LITERARY ELEMENTS Below is a list of Literary Elements, or the parts of a story. When you examine and analyze your literary work for class presentation, ask the following questions. They will help you

More information

Openers: The Metamorphosis Teachers: write one of these openers on the board on the days specified in the agenda as a warmup exercise.

Openers: The Metamorphosis Teachers: write one of these openers on the board on the days specified in the agenda as a warmup exercise. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Objectives: Common Core Standards: 1. This unit is aligned with the Common Core Standards as written in the Standards for English Language Arts (Common Core Standards)

More information

Units of Study 9th Grade

Units of Study 9th Grade Units of Study 9th Grade First Semester Theme: The Journey Second Semester Theme: Choices The Big Ideas in English Language Arts that drive instruction: Independent thinkers construct meaning through language.

More information

Imagery and Figurative Language in Wordsworth s Poem s "The World is too much with us" and "My Heart Leaps up"

Imagery and Figurative Language in Wordsworth s Poem s The World is too much with us and My Heart Leaps up Imagery and Figurative Language in Wordsworth s Poem s "The World is too much with us" and "My Heart Leaps up" Dr. Chirag M. Patel (Asst.Professor - SIT Affiliated to GTU) Email - cmpatel1983@ymail.com

More information

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. the activity of translating the text usually uses the manual system. It means that

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. the activity of translating the text usually uses the manual system. It means that CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Recently the translation work has developed quickly. It can be proved that the activity of translating the text usually uses the manual system. It means

More information

The University of Texas at Austin

The University of Texas at Austin The University of Texas at Austin Performing Arts Center Curriculum Guide Series Music Reviews A Genre Study Includes introduction, resources, standards, and student handouts. Educational Programs Coordinator

More information

Essential points to look out for in poetry 1 of 9. Poetry has certain characteristics that make it special. These include...

Essential points to look out for in poetry 1 of 9. Poetry has certain characteristics that make it special. These include... Essential points to look out for in poetry 1 of 9 WHAT IS POETRY? Poetry has certain characteristics that make it special. These include... Poetry uses vivid images and descriptive language to paint a

More information

Grade 4 Writing Curriculum Map

Grade 4 Writing Curriculum Map Curriculum Map BOE Approval November 2013 CURRICULUM MAP WRITING GRADE 4 SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY Creating a Buzz About : It s All About Me! Tell Me A Story Realistic Fiction Tell Me

More information

Glynn County School System Literature and Composition 9 2 nd Semester Georgia Performance Standards Map

Glynn County School System Literature and Composition 9 2 nd Semester Georgia Performance Standards Map Glynn County School System Literature and Composition 9 2 nd Semester Georgia Performance Standards Map TOPIC/UNIT GEORGIA PERFORMANCE STANDARDS RELATED GPS(s) ID TIMELINE ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS 1. The Drama

More information

Journal for Nightswimming

Journal for Nightswimming Journal for Nightswimming Read the lyrics of Nightswimming. 1.Note any important aspects of the song in relation to growing up, the passage of time, etc. in the margin or by underlining key words/phrases.

More information

Iron Chef: Literary Terms. By Jamie Smith, MA. Minarets High School. 45077 Road 200. O Neals, CA 93645. Chawanakee Unified School District

Iron Chef: Literary Terms. By Jamie Smith, MA. Minarets High School. 45077 Road 200. O Neals, CA 93645. Chawanakee Unified School District Iron Chef: Literary Terms By Jamie Smith, MA Minarets High School 45077 Road 200 O Neals, CA 93645 Chawanakee Unified School District This strategy is suitable for grades 4-12. The content in this lesson

More information

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Pre-K - 3 REVISED May 18, 2010 Pennsylvania Department of Education These standards are offered as a voluntary resource for Pennsylvania

More information

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening June 1, 2009 FINAL Elementary Standards Grades 3-8

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening June 1, 2009 FINAL Elementary Standards Grades 3-8 Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening June 1, 2009 FINAL Elementary Standards Grades 3-8 Pennsylvania Department of Education These standards are offered as a voluntary resource

More information

Junior Great Books Implementation Charts Suggested Alignment with Curriculum 2.0 Second Grade Fifth Grade

Junior Great Books Implementation Charts Suggested Alignment with Curriculum 2.0 Second Grade Fifth Grade Junior Great Books Implementation Charts Suggested Alignment with Curriculum 2.0 Second Grade Fifth Grade Department of Enriched and Innovative Programs 1 Grade 2 Junior Great Books Implementation Suggested

More information

Formal, Analytical Essay Writing. Review: Literary Analysis Format; Plagiarism (page # s refer to Writers Inc.)

Formal, Analytical Essay Writing. Review: Literary Analysis Format; Plagiarism (page # s refer to Writers Inc.) Formal, Analytical Essay Writing Review: Literary Analysis Format; Plagiarism (page # s refer to Writers Inc.) What is an Literary Analysis Essay? (pg 245-252) An essay is essentially an argument, based

More information

About This Lesson: Figurative Language and Imagery

About This Lesson: Figurative Language and Imagery About This Lesson: Figurative Language and Imagery Common Core State Standards Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 RL 4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and

More information

05/04/2010 AcademicWritingSkills

05/04/2010 AcademicWritingSkills FIGURES OF SPEECH A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. A figure of speech is a use of a word that diverges from its normal meaning,

More information

INTRODUCTION TO DRAMA UNIT 4

INTRODUCTION TO DRAMA UNIT 4 INTRODUCTION TO DRAMA UNIT 4 DRAMA Drama: composition in prose form that presents a story entirely told in dialogue and action, and written with the intention of its eventual performance before an audience.

More information

English II Literary Terms: List I

English II Literary Terms: List I English II Literary Terms: List I Figurative Language- words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of another and are not meant to be understood on a literal level. o Literal- what is actually being

More information

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Basically an Approach divide into two types. They are The instrinsic approach

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE. Basically an Approach divide into two types. They are The instrinsic approach CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2.1 Intrinsic Approach Basically an Approach divide into two types. They are The instrinsic approach and The extrinsic approach. The intrinsic approach was originally written

More information

Write the key elements of the plot in a story you have read.

Write the key elements of the plot in a story you have read. F OR USE WITH F OCUS L ESSON 1: PLOT, SETTING, AND T HEME 1a Plot is the series of events in a story. Exposition is the author s introduction to the characters and setting. The conflict, or problem, sets

More information

Author Study: Edgar Allan Poe 8 th Grade Language Arts Summative Assessments

Author Study: Edgar Allan Poe 8 th Grade Language Arts Summative Assessments Author Study: Edgar Allan Poe 8 th Grade Language Arts Summative Assessments The author study essay and project will be due December 10th and will include the following: 1 literary analysis essay Mandatory

More information

D36. Core Analysis Frame: Poetry. Examine Content. Examine Form and Structure. (continued on page D37)

D36. Core Analysis Frame: Poetry. Examine Content. Examine Form and Structure. (continued on page D37) Core Analysis Frame: Poetry D36 The questions on this analysis frame will help you achieve a basic understanding of any poem you read. For more advanced, in-depth analysis of each element, use the following

More information

Definitions of Stylistics. By Dr. K.T. Khader

Definitions of Stylistics. By Dr. K.T. Khader Definitions of Stylistics By Dr. K.T. Khader 1.What is stylistics? 1) D. Crystal: Linguistics is the academic discipline that studies language scientifically, and stylistics, as a part of this discipline,

More information

Grade 7 Reading/Language

Grade 7 Reading/Language Grade 7 Reading/Language Month Content Skills August Procedures and Expectations Demonstrate an understanding of the organization of materials Demonstrate appropriate behavior September Diagnostic Reading

More information

Laying the Foundation English Diagnostic Activity Comparison/Contrast Grade 7 KEY

Laying the Foundation English Diagnostic Activity Comparison/Contrast Grade 7 KEY Multiple Choice Activity Mother to Son and Fear Answer Section 1. ANS: D The correct answer is choice D. The colon introduces the advice the mother is going to offer the son. She offers this advice in

More information

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Language is the most important tools of communication. It is needed by all people in the world. Human being as social creature cannot live alone in this

More information

ANALYZING SHORT STORIES/NOVELS

ANALYZING SHORT STORIES/NOVELS ANALYZING SHORT STORIES/NOVELS When analyzing fiction, you should consider the plot, setting, characters, point of view, imagery, symbolism, tone, irony, and the theme. PLOT Plot refers to what happens

More information

Steve Campsall Essay Writing Guide

Steve Campsall Essay Writing Guide www.englishbiz.co.uk 2014 Steve Campsall Essay Writing Guide WHAT IS AN ESSAY? An essay can never give answers it can only offer views ; and these need to be argued for. You need to argue in support of

More information

The following questions are a combination of comprehension/knowledge level questions and interpretive level questions.

The following questions are a combination of comprehension/knowledge level questions and interpretive level questions. THE GREAT GATSBY GUIDED QUESTIONS The following questions are a combination of comprehension/knowledge level questions and interpretive level questions. CHAPTER ONE 1. How does Nick describe himself at

More information

D24. Core Analysis Frame: Fiction. Examine Setting. Analyze Characters. Examine Plot. (continued on page D25)

D24. Core Analysis Frame: Fiction. Examine Setting. Analyze Characters. Examine Plot. (continued on page D25) Core Analysis Frame: Fiction D24 These questions will help you understand any story you read. For more advanced, in-depth analysis of each element, use the following frames: Setting Plot Author s Craft

More information

Unit 4: Chapter 8 Chapter Literary Focus

Unit 4: Chapter 8 Chapter Literary Focus Chapter Literary Focus SKILL BUILDER ELEMENTS OF DRAMA Write T or F on the line to tell whether it is true or false. 1. A story is prose narrative, while a play consists entirely of the characters words

More information

Organizing and Managing a Book Discussion Group

Organizing and Managing a Book Discussion Group Organizing and Managing a Book Discussion Group This guide was adapted for CCH s April California Stories Uncovered campaign from a book discussion guide developed by the Washington Center for the Book

More information

Similes, Metaphors. & Personification. Writing. Objective: To write own poems, experimenting with active verbs and personification.

Similes, Metaphors. & Personification. Writing. Objective: To write own poems, experimenting with active verbs and personification. Similes, Metaphors Writing & Personification Objective: To write own poems, experimenting with active verbs and personification. To produce revised poems for reading aloud individually. What does simile

More information

Expository/Informative Essay

Expository/Informative Essay Expository/Informative Essay The Expository/Informative Essay The Informative Essay is the first one you will learn to write. This kind of writing explains something, tells something, or it gives directions.

More information

IncorporatingLiteraryTextsinLanguageClassroom

IncorporatingLiteraryTextsinLanguageClassroom Global Journal of HUMANSOCIAL SCIENCE: G Linguistics & Education Volume 15 Issue 9 Version 1.0 Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA) Online

More information

Your Dad Did What? Sophie Hannah

Your Dad Did What? Sophie Hannah Your Dad Did What? Sophie Hannah Apple Inc. 1st Edition Poem... 3 S.M.I.L.E. Analysis... 4 Sample Exam Question Part A... 15 Comparison... 15 Sample Exam Question - Part B... 17 Poem - Your Dad Did What?

More information

Elements for Analyzing Fiction

Elements for Analyzing Fiction Learning Centre Elements for Analyzing Fiction Authors use various literary devices to develop ideas in their work. These devices are analyzed by academics in order to understand fiction. This handout

More information

PLAGIARISM How to stay out of trouble! Developed for use by the Department of Computer Science Midwestern State University

PLAGIARISM How to stay out of trouble! Developed for use by the Department of Computer Science Midwestern State University PLAGIARISM How to stay out of trouble! Developed for use by the Department of Computer Science Midwestern State University Plagiarize * to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own:

More information

Activity 1 Listening for Differences in Communication Strategies

Activity 1 Listening for Differences in Communication Strategies Activity 1 Listening for Differences in Communication Strategies Assign your students to listen to a lecture in one of their other classes. Ask them to analyze the lecture in light of the following questions:

More information

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. The writer knew that literature mirrors society (Albrecht 426). What

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. The writer knew that literature mirrors society (Albrecht 426). What Kiptiyah 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study The writer knew that literature mirrors society (Albrecht 426). What happens in a society is reflected in literary works in one form seems

More information

Types of meaning. KNOWLEDGE: the different types of meaning that items of lexis can have and the terms used to describe these

Types of meaning. KNOWLEDGE: the different types of meaning that items of lexis can have and the terms used to describe these Part 1 Lexis What is lexis? Lexis (or vocabulary) refers to single words, or sets of words, that have a specific meaning, for example: car, pick up, in the end. Unit 1 Types of meaning LEARNING OUTCOME

More information

Montgomery County Public Schools English 9B Exam Review

Montgomery County Public Schools English 9B Exam Review Montgomery County Public Schools English 9B Exam Review June 2013 FORMAT Five Readings an excerpt from a Shakespeare play (not Romeo and Juliet) two poems a narrative a nonfiction article related to the

More information

Lesson 79: Romeo and Juliet Act 4

Lesson 79: Romeo and Juliet Act 4 Lesson 79: Romeo and Juliet Act 4 Scene 1 The last scene of Act 3 occurred on Tuesday morning. The day is still Tuesday when Scene 1 of Act 5 begins. Paris asks Friar Laurence to perform his and Juliet

More information

Virginia English Standards of Learning Grade 8

Virginia English Standards of Learning Grade 8 A Correlation of Prentice Hall Writing Coach 2012 To the Virginia English Standards of Learning A Correlation of, 2012, Introduction This document demonstrates how, 2012, meets the objectives of the. Correlation

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Common Core Standards Addressed by Lessons

Common Core Standards Addressed by Lessons Common Core Standards Addressed by Lessons Unit 1: Reading Literary Texts (Romeo and Juliet) ELA.9.RL.01.02 - Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the

More information

Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief by Rick Riordan

Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief by Rick Riordan Name: Reading: English: Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief by Rick Riordan Literary Analysis Unit Thesis Claim: The way Percy changes in the book is emphasized by theme and figurative

More information

Coach Tool. Lesson Planning/Lesson Observation/Lesson Debriefing

Coach Tool. Lesson Planning/Lesson Observation/Lesson Debriefing Purpose Coach Tool Lesson Planning/Lesson Observation/Lesson Debriefing By Krista Jiampetti, Reading Specialist, South Colonie Central Schools, Albany, NY For Literacy or Instructional Coaches, K-12 This

More information

Whitman/Dickinson Paper

Whitman/Dickinson Paper Whitman/Dickinson Paper For this first paper, you will choose to explore the poetry of Walt Whitman or Emily Dickinson in great depth. To do this, you will write a poem in imitation of one of the poets.

More information

STAAR Sample Short Answer Questions

STAAR Sample Short Answer Questions STAAR Sample Short Answer Questions ENGLISH I, II, and III Single Selection: Literary In this excerpt from Anne of Green Gables, do you think the stage directions enhance your understanding of the scene?

More information

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURES, CONCEPTS AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURES, CONCEPTS AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURES, CONCEPTS AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 2.1 Review of Literature This chapter focuses on the intrinsic study, which is based on the poem itself as well as on the extrinsic

More information

Vocabulary and Its Importance in Language Learning

Vocabulary and Its Importance in Language Learning 1 Vocabulary and Its Importance in Language Learning This book is about vocabulary teaching, but it is necessary first to establish what vocabulary means to focus on teaching it. This introductory chapter

More information

New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards: For Language Arts Literacy

New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards: For Language Arts Literacy For STANDARD 3.1 (READING) ALL STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND AND APPLY THE KNOWLEDGE OF SOUNDS, LETTERS, AND WORDS IN WRITTEN ENGLISH TO BECOME INDEPENDENT AND FLUENT READERS AND WILL READ A VARIETY OF MATERIALS

More information

1. imagery 2. plot 3. foreshadowing. 10. structure 11. symbol 12. narrative. 13. motif 14. conflict 15. theme

1. imagery 2. plot 3. foreshadowing. 10. structure 11. symbol 12. narrative. 13. motif 14. conflict 15. theme Literary Terms: English, R. Clemente name: 9 th Grade Literature Unit Two, study sheet A. Literary Terms... 1. imagery 2. plot 3. foreshadowing 4. alliteration 5. onomatopoeia 6. rhyme scheme 7. personification

More information

Using sentence fragments

Using sentence fragments Lesson 8 Descriptive Essays Description is not a distinct mode of writing, like expository, narrative, and persuasive, but the ability to write descriptively is essential to a host of writing genres. Many

More information

Grade: 9 (1) Students will build a framework for high school level academic writing by understanding the what of language, including:

Grade: 9 (1) Students will build a framework for high school level academic writing by understanding the what of language, including: Introduction: The following document is a draft of standards-designed, comprehensive Pacing Guide for high school English Grade 9. This document will evolve as feedback is accumulated. The Pacing Guide

More information

7 critical reading strategies and activities to do with students to encourage and develop critical reading ability

7 critical reading strategies and activities to do with students to encourage and develop critical reading ability 7 critical reading strategies and activities to do with students to encourage and develop critical reading ability This text has been adapted from and extends on a text written by Salisbury University

More information

INTRODUCTION TO READING AND LITERATURE SAMPLE TESTS

INTRODUCTION TO READING AND LITERATURE SAMPLE TESTS INTRODUCTION TO READING AND LITERATURE SAMPLE TESTS The Oregon Department of Education provides sample tests to demonstrate the types of reading selections and questions students at grades 3, 5, 8 and

More information

SONNET 116 AND THE MANHUNT LINKS

SONNET 116 AND THE MANHUNT LINKS SONNET 116 AND THE MANHUNT LINKS Both of these poems discuss similar subject matter and come to the same conclusion despite there being over 5oo years between the times that they were written. Both poems

More information

READY NCEXTEND2 End-of-Grade English Language Arts (ELA)/Reading Grades 3-8 Assessments

READY NCEXTEND2 End-of-Grade English Language Arts (ELA)/Reading Grades 3-8 Assessments READY NCEXTEND2 End-of-Grade English Language Arts (ELA)/Reading Grades 3-8 Assessments NCEXTEND2 ELA/Reading Grades 3-8 Achievement Level Ranges (Cut Scores) Subject Grade Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level

More information

Grades 9-10 Learning Targets and I Can Statements. Quarter 1. Provide an objective summary of the text.

Grades 9-10 Learning Targets and I Can Statements. Quarter 1. Provide an objective summary of the text. Grades 9-10 Learning Targets and I Can Statements Quarter 1 Provide an objective summary of the text. I can identify first person point of view. I can identify third person-limited point of view. I can

More information

Grade 6 English Language Arts Performance Level Descriptors

Grade 6 English Language Arts Performance Level Descriptors Limited Grade 6 English Language Arts Performance Level Descriptors A student performing at the Limited Level demonstrates a minimal command of Ohio s Learning Standards for Grade 6 English Language Arts.

More information

Reading ELA/Literacy Claim 1

Reading ELA/Literacy Claim 1 Literary Texts 1 Key Details: Given an inference or conclusion, use explicit details and implicit information from the text to support the inference or conclusion provided. DOK 2 Standard: Cite the textual

More information

Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand*

Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand* Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand* STUDY QUESTIONS Act I 1. Why has Christian come to the play? What concern does he express to Ligniere? 2. Prior to his entry on stage, what do we learn of Cyrano s

More information

BEFORE SEEING THE FILM

BEFORE SEEING THE FILM BEFORE SEEING THE FILM THE INGREDIENTS OF A POPULAR MOVIE Using your own knowledge of films and cinema going, make a list of the things which make a film popular. Pool all the ideas on the board. Make

More information

PHRASAL VERBS INTRODUCTION. The Òsmall wordsó in phrasal verbs are important, because they completely change the meaning.

PHRASAL VERBS INTRODUCTION. The Òsmall wordsó in phrasal verbs are important, because they completely change the meaning. PHRASAL VERBS INTRODUCTION Phrasal verbs have two parts: a verb (e.g.: put, take, get, give, go, etc) and one or sometimes two "small words" (e.g.: on, up, out, in, etc) which go with the verb. Compare:

More information

SWBAT review poetry terms and the process of analyzing a poem. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry Big 4

SWBAT review poetry terms and the process of analyzing a poem. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry Big 4 Name: HR: Date: Teacher: SWBAT review poetry terms and the process of analyzing a poem. Poetry Big 4 1. Read (remember to go slowly and read it like a poem) 2. Summarize Stanzas (who is the speaker and

More information

Renaissance and Reformation

Renaissance and Reformation Renaissance and Reformation Enduring Understandings: Essential Questions: Renaissance writers took interest in human life and the individual person. Drama developed and flourished during the Renaissance.

More information

Grade Genre Skills Lessons Mentor Texts and Resources 6 Grammar To Be Covered

Grade Genre Skills Lessons Mentor Texts and Resources 6 Grammar To Be Covered Grade Genre Skills Lessons Mentor Texts and Resources 6 Grammar To Be Covered 6 Personal Narrative Parts of speech (noun, adj, verb, adv) Complete sentence (subj. and verb) Capitalization Tense (identify)

More information

thank you, m'am by langston hughes

thank you, m'am by langston hughes thank you, m'am by langston hughes item analyses for all standards: vocabulary, reading, writing, conventions grade grade 8 grades 9 & 0 iv vi vii reading standard.0 --word analysis, fluency, and systematic

More information

Support Materials for Core Content for Assessment. Reading

Support Materials for Core Content for Assessment. Reading Support Materials for Core Content for Assessment Version 4.1 Reading August 2007 Kentucky Department of Education August 2007 Introduction to Depth of Knowledge (DOK) - Based on Norman Webb s Model (Adapted

More information

1. Give at least three characteristics of Mr. Jones. Be sure to cite where you find the evidence of these characteristics.

1. Give at least three characteristics of Mr. Jones. Be sure to cite where you find the evidence of these characteristics. Name Period Animal Farm Chapter Questions Directions: Answer each question in complete sentences. Chapter 1 Scullery Ensconced Benevolent Cynical Dissentients 1. Give at least three characteristics of

More information

ROMEO AND JULIET Study Questions

ROMEO AND JULIET Study Questions ROMEO AND JULIET Study Questions As you read the play either at home or in class, try to answer the questions as best you can and plan to come to class seeking the answers you could not get on your own.

More information

Advanced Conditionals Explained. Real Conditionals

Advanced Conditionals Explained. Real Conditionals Advanced Conditionals Explained A conditional is made up of two parts: the if-clause and the main clause. We can put either one first and it doesn t change the meaning. We usually use a comma if we put

More information

UNIT 1: THE SHORT STORY: PLOT AND SETTING

UNIT 1: THE SHORT STORY: PLOT AND SETTING Core Texas English I: Introduction to Literature and Composition English I is specifically aligned to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) English I Standards and Benchmarks. Introduction to Literature

More information

English YEAR 4-6 AT SCHOOL AND HOME

English YEAR 4-6 AT SCHOOL AND HOME English YEAR 4-6 AT SCHOOL AND HOME stcuthberts.school.nz ENGLISH English is structured around two interconnected strands, each encompassing the oral, written, and visual forms of the language. The strands

More information

Grade 1. Ontario Provincial Curriculum-based Expectations Guideline Walking with Miskwaadesi and Walking with A`nó:wara By Subject/Strand

Grade 1. Ontario Provincial Curriculum-based Expectations Guideline Walking with Miskwaadesi and Walking with A`nó:wara By Subject/Strand Grade 1 Ontario Provincial Curriculum-based Expectations Guideline Walking with Miskwaadesi and Walking with A`nó:wara By Subject/Strand Turtle Island Conservation Ontario Teacher Resource Bundle 1 The

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

The Great Gatsby Study Guide

The Great Gatsby Study Guide Name: The Great Gatsby Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How does Nick describe himself at the beginning of the novel? 2) How does Nick describe Tom Buchanan? 3) Who is Jordan Baker? What does Nick find appealing

More information

Teacher Name : J. Pigg Class/Grade Level: 6 th Reading 2 nd Six Weeks Unit Title: Unit 02: Exploring Fiction and Drama

Teacher Name : J. Pigg Class/Grade Level: 6 th Reading 2 nd Six Weeks Unit Title: Unit 02: Exploring Fiction and Drama TeacherName:J.Pigg Class/GradeLevel:6 th Reading 2 nd SixWeeks UnitTitle:Unit02:ExploringFictionandDrama TEKS:06NELA02 Reading/Vocabulary Development. Students understand new vocabulary and use it when

More information

EMINEM AND HIS LIFE AS EXPRESSED IN MY NAME IS AND IF I HAD LYRICS

EMINEM AND HIS LIFE AS EXPRESSED IN MY NAME IS AND IF I HAD LYRICS EMINEM AND HIS LIFE AS EXPRESSED IN MY NAME IS AND IF I HAD LYRICS THESIS Submitted in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Devi Kartika Kangsotrisno 112005091 ENGLISH

More information

CLASSICAL IQ TEST Date: Website:

CLASSICAL IQ TEST Date: Website: CLASSICAL IQ TEST Date: Website: 4-2-205 www.2test.com This IQ test has all components that are standard in most IQ tests. It includes questions related to spatial intelligence, logical reasoning, verbal

More information

The First Seven Years By: Bernard Malamud. Notes

The First Seven Years By: Bernard Malamud. Notes The First Seven Years By: Bernard Malamud Notes Background information Author: Bernard Malamud (1914-1986) 1986) known for writing stories about characters redeemed by love. Wrote short stories and several

More information

The plot is the sequence of events in a story. Each event causes or leads to the next. Events of the plot reveal a problem called the conflict.

The plot is the sequence of events in a story. Each event causes or leads to the next. Events of the plot reveal a problem called the conflict. FOR USE WITH FOCUS LESSON 1: NARRATIVE STRATEGIES I 1a The plot is the sequence of events in a story. Each event causes or leads to the next. Events of the plot reveal a problem called the conflict. The

More information

Starting point for theatrical production Entity that remains intact after production Blueprint for production or for reader s imagination

Starting point for theatrical production Entity that remains intact after production Blueprint for production or for reader s imagination Chapter 3: The Play The Play is: Starting point for theatrical production Entity that remains intact after production Blueprint for production or for reader s imagination The play may serve as the basis

More information

7 th grade Career Research Paper Introduction Hooks, Topic Sentences, Summary Sentences & Transitions

7 th grade Career Research Paper Introduction Hooks, Topic Sentences, Summary Sentences & Transitions 7 th grade Career Research Paper Introduction Hooks, Topic Sentences, Summary Sentences & Transitions Read the two introductory paragraphs below. Put a star next to the paper you d be most interested in

More information

A Midsummer Night s Dream Study Questions

A Midsummer Night s Dream Study Questions A Midsummer Night s Dream Study Questions Answer the following questions in complete sentences; include a full citation for each line or section of dialogue where you found your answer, unless the citation

More information

9th Grade Summer Reading Assignment for Of Mice and Men Name:

9th Grade Summer Reading Assignment for Of Mice and Men Name: 9th Grade Summer Reading Assignment for Of Mice and Men Name: Before returning to school, you will need to read Of Mice and Men to complete this assignment. This organizer will guide your reading and prepare

More information

SYMBOLISM IN ARTHUR GOLDEN S MEMOIRS OF A GEISHA

SYMBOLISM IN ARTHUR GOLDEN S MEMOIRS OF A GEISHA SYMBOLISM IN ARTHUR GOLDEN S MEMOIRS OF A GEISHA RESEARCH PAPER Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education in English Department by: DIYAH WAHYU SAPTONINGRUM

More information

CST and CAHSEE Academic Vocabulary

CST and CAHSEE Academic Vocabulary CST and CAHSEE Academic Vocabulary Grades K 12 Math and ELA This document references Academic Language used in the Released Test Questions from the 2008 posted CAHSEE Released Test Questions (RTQs) and

More information

KINDGERGARTEN. Listen to a story for a particular reason

KINDGERGARTEN. Listen to a story for a particular reason KINDGERGARTEN READING FOUNDATIONAL SKILLS Print Concepts Follow words from left to right in a text Follow words from top to bottom in a text Know when to turn the page in a book Show spaces between words

More information

Guidelines on Seminar Presentations

Guidelines on Seminar Presentations Guidelines on Seminar Presentations Your main goal in presenting this seminar is to communicate your topic to an audience of mixed backgrounds and interests. This should not be a technical paper such as

More information

WRITING ABOUT FICTION. by Anne Garrett

WRITING ABOUT FICTION. by Anne Garrett WRITING ABOUT FICTION by Anne Garrett THINK CRITICALLY AND ANALYZE Your job in writing about literature is to uncover the author s message (theme(s) of the work) and analyze how that message was produced

More information

READING. Common Core Standards-Based. Graphic Organizers for GRADES 9-10. In-Depth Analysis. Created by Tracee Orman

READING. Common Core Standards-Based. Graphic Organizers for GRADES 9-10. In-Depth Analysis. Created by Tracee Orman Graphic Organizers for Common Core Standards-Based READING In-Depth Analysis GRADES 9-10 Created by Tracee Orman www.traceeorman.com www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/tracee-orman CCS RL Graphic Organizers

More information

Appendix: W. Item: Curriculum Course Guide - New High School Course/Honors Creative Writing Department: Instructional Services

Appendix: W. Item: Curriculum Course Guide - New High School Course/Honors Creative Writing Department: Instructional Services Appendix: W Item: Curriculum Course Guide - New High School Course/Honors Creative Writing Department: Instructional Services Background/Historical Context: Creative Writing has been offered in our school

More information

Purposes and Processes of Reading Comprehension

Purposes and Processes of Reading Comprehension 2 PIRLS Reading Purposes and Processes of Reading Comprehension PIRLS examines the processes of comprehension and the purposes for reading, however, they do not function in isolation from each other or

More information

Point of view in narration a) omniscient narrator b) unreliable narrator c) third person limited d) first person. Conflict: external and internal

Point of view in narration a) omniscient narrator b) unreliable narrator c) third person limited d) first person. Conflict: external and internal Short Stories and the Art of Storytelling Grade Level or Special Area: 7 th Grade Language Arts Written by: Wendy O'Donovan Phillips, Academy of Charter Schools, Denver, CO Length of Unit: Fifteen lessons

More information

1. Animal Farm by George Orwell

1. Animal Farm by George Orwell Theme Topics: Questioning society & forming opinions 1. Animal Farm by George Orwell 2. Choose one of the following: The Giver by Lois Lowry Unwind by Neil Shusterman The Only Thing to Fear by Caroline

More information