Making money from space. Gage Williams West Country Renewables Ltd or

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1 Making money from space Gage Williams West Country Renewables Ltd or

2 What you can do with one acre I ll show you what can be done with one acre My acre is windy as it is above 200m It is close to a business park and/or a large dairy farm that uses about 400 MWh electricity and about 15,000 litres of heating oil There is good access to 3 phase 11kV grid

3 What do farmers do? Through photosynthesis, they have harvested crops that have got their energy from the sun Why do we eat food? Because it gives us energy Farmers like to diversify Can do this with one acre used to convert wind, solar and geo-thermal into electricity and heat for their own and others use Here s how

4 Using the wind Conventional: install a farm scale Endurance 55kW turbine costing 280k and earning c. 60,000 in Yr 1 Unconventional and available in 3 years: install a 130m wind-fence costing 30,000 and earning 15,000 in Yr 1

5 Using the sun One acre has space for 250kW solar PV, need eight rows of solar panels, each row is 70m long, rows are 10m apart Cost 300k generates 250,000 kwh/yr at 11p FIT + 5p sale = 40k in Yr 1 Wills Bros dairy farm has 4.5 acres of roof Unconventional in 3 years: could combine wind & solar: Fox-proof perimeter fence great for sheep or game pen

6 Digging for victory One acre can take 70kW Ground Source Heat Pump Needs 700m of 1.2m deep trench to lay slinkies Ten trenches 70m long 7m apart Generates 150,000 kwh of heat pump uses 40,000 kwh of solar or wind electricity 4.3p/kWh of Renewable Heat Incentive earns 6,450 Saves 16,000 litres of heating oil/gas = 11,350 Uses 40,000 kwh electricity at 12p = - 4,800 (free if RE) Net saving 13,000 for GSHP cost of 52,000

7 What has our acre earned? System Cost Output Electricity Output Heat Year 1 Net Inc ROI E kW Turbine 250kW Solar PV 70kW GSHP 280, MWh - 50, % 300, MWh - 40, % 52, MWh 13, % Totals 632, MWh 150 MWh 103, % About 600 MWh per acre, costs 632k, earns 103k/year remember these figures

8 Golden Acre Conclusions Cornwall has 880,000 acres Many could be used to earn over 100k/yr Many could be community owned as a 16% return, RPI linked for 20 years, is unbeatable Supply companies such as Good Energy could offer discounts for pubs, shops, churches, village halls in return for taking the renewable electricity Renewables prices are constant unlike fossil fuels Cornwall could be a net exporter of energy

9 How many acres would we need? Cornwall uses 12,000 GWh/yr (1m tonnes of oil) This would require 20,000 Golden Acres or 2.3% of Cornwall s 880,000 acres At 70p/litre, we are spending 840m/yr on energy or 3,600 per Cornish household 20,000 Golden Acres would earn 2billion/yr At 632k/acre, this would cost 12.6 billion Two Hinkley nuclear plants will cost 14 billion, generate 16,000 GWh/yr, have high costs & not deliver until after 2022

10 The Cornish Alps Cornwall has one of the largest brownfield sites in the UK the Clay Area covers 12,000 acres Not all the Golden Acres will be in the Clay Area Existing wind & solar farms plus more single farm turbines & use of large roofs & car parks 6,000 acres of Cornish Alps used for solar PV, wind-fence/turbines & geothermal, would leave less than 70 acres per parish (0.5% of land)

11 Clay Pits & Pumped Storage Cornish Alps has clay pits at different elevations Clay pits are impermeable no spillage to rivers Surplus wind & solar could be used to pump water from lower to higher pits for storage Water run by pipe to lower pits using turbines to earn peak spot tariffs and ROCs or FITs Should balance the grid reducing the 20% over-supply that is wasted Cornish Alps should become the SW s battery

12 Conclusions 20,000 acres (2.3% of Cornwall) could make Cornwall a net exporter of energy Turning a cost of 3,600 per home into a profit Farmers should look to their Golden Acres The Cornish Alps should become a massive battery using pumped storage to balance the grid Get s over intermittency of solar and wind Cheaper than two new nuclear power stations at Hinkley especially full life cycle cost & massive waste of heat

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