Ch 9 Live Cattle Evaluation, Grading, and Pricing

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Ch 9 Live Cattle Evaluation, Grading, and Pricing"

Transcription

1 Ch 9 Live Cattle Evaluation, Grading, and Pricing Dr. Fa-Jui Tan 1 U.S. Prime U.S. Choice U.S. Select U.S. Standard U.S. Commercial U.S. Utility U.S. Cutter U.S. Canner 2 1

2 Questions before class What is evaluation? Why evaluation? Based on what criteria? Who does the job? When does the job be done? How the job be conducted? 3 Purpose of live cattle evaluation Live market cattle evaluation an estimation of carcass characteristics vs. Specific characteristics evaluated An indication of amount of fat/muscle (cutability) quality grade carcass value live value Quality vs. Quantity Importance Species specific? Or applying to all species? 4 2

3 Weight The actual weight of the cattle at the time of evaluation or immediately prior to slaughter (why?) to determine cutability? and/or value to calculate yield grade? carcass weight hot carcass wt. (wt. of dressed carcass? just prior to chilling) chilled carcass wt. (wt. after carcass chilling) HCW=101.5% CCW 5 Uses of Live weight of cattle Characteristics Easy to obtain The most commonly used characteristic for determining value But, not a very precise estimate of cutability? Live cattle, carcasses, and beef cuts are bought and sold largely on a wt and grade Producers use wt to calculate production efficiency (i.e., weight per day of age) Wt is normally combined with several carcass characteristics to determine cutability and/or value. Live wt: actual wt vs. carcass wt: actual wt. or estimated wt.? 6 3

4 Live wt range Extreme range: 800~1700 lb (360~770kg) Normal range: 950~1500 lb (430~680kg) Average: 1150 lb (520kg)` HCW Yield grade (why?) % retail cuts Fatness (at the same wt): Heifer > steer > bullock 7 Dressing percentage Definition: (chilled carcass wt / live wt) 100 Extreme range: 45~68% Normal range: 55~67% Average: 62% DP varies with grade, type, degree of muscling, condition of the cattle being evaluated Extremely thin, dairy cow: < 45% Vs. Prime steer > 65% why? 8 4

5 Factors affecting the DP the amount of fill (stomach and intestine contents) degree of muscling wt of hide, head, feet degree of fatness (finish) grade Type Condition of the cattle being evaluated 9 Comparison btwn steer, heifer, bullock of the same live wt. Comparison DP of steer, heifer, bullock of the same live wt. P.88 Why? Comparison wt of steer, heifer, bullock of the same carcass fat amount P.88 Why? P

6 Table 9.1 Dressing percentage of cattle by quality grade Quality grade Average dressing % Prime 64 Choice 62 Select 60 Standard 57 Commercial 57 Utility 53 Cutter 49 Canner 45 Why? 11 Fat thickness Definition: Depth of fat in tenths of inches over the ribeye muscle at the 12th rib at a point 3/4 of the lateral length of the ribeye muscle from the split chine bone P.90 Figure 9.1 A, B, C 12 6

7 Measured location of fat thickness Fig 9.1 at a point 3/4 the lateral length of the ribeye muscle perpendicular to the outer surface of the fat Estimated approx in. ( cm) from the dorsal midline 13 Fat thickness Extreme range inch ( cm) Normal range steers and heifers ( inch cm) bullocks ( inch cm) Average 0.5 inch (1.3cm) Choice steers and heifers 0.35 inch (0.89cm) Choice bullocks 14 7

8 Fat thickness If too thick waste, retail yield If too thin excessive carcass shrink 0.08 inch (0.20cm)/100 lb carcass: most desirable 0.2 inch of fat at the 12th rib is necessary to protect the carcass against excess carcass shrink, discoloration during storage 12th rib fat thickness to calculate yield grade (p.89, p.123) YG = (2.5 adjusted fat thickness, 12 th rib) + ( hot carcass wt) + (0.2 % KPH) - (0.32 ribeye area) assessment of external fat on the carcass Fat thickness, retail yield Yield vs. Yield grade? 15 Ribeye area Area of the longissimus muscle measured in square inches at the 12th rib 1 inch cm 2 Extreme range in 2 (45cm 2 126cm 2 ) Normal range in 2 (65cm 2 116cm 2 ) Average 12.6 in 2 for 1150 lb steers Bullock, 1 in 2 steers, 1 in 2 > heifers (at the same wt) Estimation and adjustment of RA 1.1 inch 2 /100lb (live wt lb for steer), And then adjusted 16 8

9 Ribeye area widely used as an indicator of beef carcass muscling (Why?) easily measured largest muscle in carcass most valuable (why?) block beef (P. 119) to calculate yield grade To assess muscling REA vs. YG vs. % retail cuts? 17 Kidney, Pelvic and Heart Fat (KPH) Definition The internal carcass fat associated with the kidney, pelvic cavity, and heart expressed as a % of chilled carcass wt functions? KPH fat as of chilled carcass wt extreme range: normal range: Average: 3% 18 9

10 Average: 3% KPH For 1150 lb. live wt or 700 lb carcass with 0.5 in. fat (DP?) Heifer > steer > bullock (1%) P91 Small framed > intermediated framed > large framed (1%) Dairy type (1.5%) > beef type 19 KPH Purpose One of the factors to calculate yield grade YG = (2.5 adjusted fat thickness, 12 th rib) + ( hot carcass wt) + (0.2 % KPH) - (0.32 ribeye area) KPH fat yield grade retail cuts an assessment of internal fat in the carcass Boneless, closely trimmed retail cuts? P

11 P. 91 Table 9.2 KPH vs. estimated 12th rib fat thickness (inch) KPH What does this mean? 21 Marbling Definition: the intermingling of fat within the muscle (intramuscular fat). Normally evaluated in the ribeye muscle at the 12 th rib. Extreme range: devoid abundant Normal range: trace abundant Average: small modest 22 11

12 Marbling Used by the Federal Grading Service Average: small modest Small-Modest: Qualifies for the low to average Choice grade, P120 Modest marbling Typical of intermediate type and size steers ( lb) Marbling: Heifer > steer > bullock (at the same wt) P92 Estimated from the amount of external fat on live animal Fatter animal vs. leaner animals Fatter animal more marbling better quality Length of time on full feed low energy Young cattle not reached the fattening phase Marbling: the most important factor affecting quality grade. Fatness: an important factor in the estimation of both yield and quality grades. 23 Marbling 1 (Abundant) 2 Moderately Abundant) 3 Slightly Abundant 4 Moderate 5 Modest 6 Small) 7 Slight 8 Traces 9 Practically Devoid 10 Devoid 24 12

13 Maturity Definition: An estimation of the chronological age of the animal or carcass Assessing the physiological stages of maturity of bone and muscle characteristics To assess Degree of ossification of the thoracic cartilage (button) P92 The cartilage associated with the lumbar and sacral vertebrae Shape and color of the ribs Color of lean in the longissimus muscle at the 12th rib 25 Maturity Extreme range: A E Normal range: A E A maturity Most youthful 9-30 months P113 E maturity The oldest > 96 months P113 9(A) 30(B) 42C) 72(D) 96(E) Special requirements of maturity US Prime, Choice, Select, Standard grades must A or B maturity (P.120) C, D, E maturity only US Commercial, Utility, Cutter, Canner quality grades Bullock must be A maturity Intact male > 24 months bull not for quality grade Maturity: Heifer > steer > bullock P

14 Bullock must be A maturity intact male 24 m bull not eligible for quality grade At same wt or age heifer more mature than steer small framed, short bodied more mature than large framed, growthy cattle 27 Live Cattle Grading Beef Grading Quality grade (US Prime, Choice, Select ) Yield grade ( ) 28 14

15 Quality grade (QG) To evaluate degree of marbling Cannot be accurately determined on live cattle Live quality grade largely based on an evaluation of fatness Amount of finish is evaluated to predicted marbling degree of maturity Actual maturity seldom known Live quality grading fatness evaluation Carcass quality grading marbling, maturity 29 Quality grade (QG) determined on carcass live cattle QG evaluation on of fatness Finish to predict marbling Grade is estimated to the nearest 1/3 (US Prime +, US Prime 0, US Prime - ) 30 15

16 P 94 Figure Yield Grade (YG) P93 Yield of boneless, closely trimmed retail cuts from round, loin, rib and chuck Yield grade cutability Expressed as a percentage of carcass wt (i.e. 50 ) YG 1.0 cutability 54.6 YG 5.9 cutability

17 Factors to determined YG fat thickness at 12th rib ribeye area hot carcass wt KPH 33 Base Yield Grade YG 3.5 as the base YG YG lb carcass with 0.6 inch fat (12th rib) 11.0 inch 2 rib eye area 3.5 KPH P

18 Preliminary yield grade (PYG) PYG adjusted fat thickness Ribeye area Hot carcass wt 35 Fat thickness Table Adjusted fat thickness estimate (inch) PYG (base)

19 ribeye area 11.0 inch 2 + each 1 inch 2 YG 0.3YG 11.0 inch 2 each 1 inch 2 YG 0.3YG 37 Hot carcass wt 600lb each 25lb 0.1YG 600lb each 25lb YG Chilled carcass wt hot carcass wt 38 19

United States Standards for Grades of Carcass Beef

United States Standards for Grades of Carcass Beef United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Marketing Service Livestock and Seed Division United States Standards for Grades of Carcass Beef Effective date January 31, 1997 United States Standards

More information

THE CANADIAN BEEF GRADING SYSTEM CANADIAN BEEF GRADING AGENCY YIELD AND QUALITY GRADES UNDERSTANDING BEEF QUALITY

THE CANADIAN BEEF GRADING SYSTEM CANADIAN BEEF GRADING AGENCY YIELD AND QUALITY GRADES UNDERSTANDING BEEF QUALITY THE CANADIAN BEEF GRADING SYSTEM CANADIAN BEEF GRADING AGENCY YIELD AND QUALITY GRADES UNDERSTANDING BEEF QUALITY THE CANADIAN BEEF GRADING AGENCY The Canadian Beef Grading Agency The Canadian Beef Grading

More information

HOW MUCH MEAT TO EXPECT FROM A BEEF CARCASS PB 1822

HOW MUCH MEAT TO EXPECT FROM A BEEF CARCASS PB 1822 HOW MUCH MEAT TO EXPECT FROM A BEEF CARCASS PB 1822 Rob Holland, Director Center for Profitable Agriculture Dwight Loveday, Associate Professor Department of Food Science and Technology Kevin Ferguson

More information

CHARACTERIZATION OF BOXED BEEF VALUE IN ANGUS FIELD DATA. Authors:

CHARACTERIZATION OF BOXED BEEF VALUE IN ANGUS FIELD DATA. Authors: CHARACTERIZATION OF BOXED BEEF VALUE IN ANGUS FIELD DATA 1999 Animal Science Research Report Authors: Story in Brief Pages 32-40 B.R. Schutte, S.L. Dolezal, H.G. Dolezal and D.S. Buchanan The OSU Boxed

More information

Performance Traits in Beef Cattle:

Performance Traits in Beef Cattle: Performance Traits in Beef Cattle: Weighing Cows and Calves Performance test guidelines recommend calves be weighed when they are close to 205 days of age. The accepted age range is 160 to 250 days of

More information

INDEX TOC. Dressing Percentage in Slaughter Cattle. Alberta Agriculture Market Specialists. Introduction. Dressing Percentage in Perspective

INDEX TOC. Dressing Percentage in Slaughter Cattle. Alberta Agriculture Market Specialists. Introduction. Dressing Percentage in Perspective TOC INDEX Feeder Associations of Alberta Ltd. Dressing Percentage in Slaughter Cattle Alberta Agriculture Market Specialists Introduction Dressing Percentage in Perspective The decision to market cattle

More information

AN ACCELERATED FEEDING STUDY

AN ACCELERATED FEEDING STUDY AN ACCELERATED FEEDING STUDY FOR DAIRY BEEF STEERS D. R. ZoBell, Allen Young and Bruce Godfrey Utah State University September 2001 AG 512 INTRODUCTION A large number of Holstein bull (steer) calves are

More information

BeefCuts. Primal & Subprimal Weights and Yields 1300-pound Steer Choice, YG3 Dressing Percentage: 62% Chuck Rib Loin. Round. Brisket. Plate.

BeefCuts. Primal & Subprimal Weights and Yields 1300-pound Steer Choice, YG3 Dressing Percentage: 62% Chuck Rib Loin. Round. Brisket. Plate. BeefCuts Primal & Subprimal Weights and Yields 1300-pound Steer Choice, YG3 Dressing Percentage: 62% Chuck Rib Loin Brisket Plate Flank Round Chuck Rib Loin Round Thin Cuts Miscellaneous BeefCuts Primal

More information

Cattle Growth Dynamics and Its Implications

Cattle Growth Dynamics and Its Implications Cattle Growth Dynamics and Its Implications Chris Reinhardt, Ph.D. Kansas State University Profit Factors Maximize Weight Gain Minimize Feed/Gain Reach desirable level of finish Minimize Discounts Capture

More information

Beef Cattle Breeds and Biological Types Scott P. Greiner, Extension Animal Scientist, Virginia Tech

Beef Cattle Breeds and Biological Types Scott P. Greiner, Extension Animal Scientist, Virginia Tech publication 400-803 Beef Cattle Breeds and Biological Types Scott P. Greiner, Extension Animal Scientist, Virginia Tech Worldwide there are more than 250 breeds of beef cattle. Over 60 of these breeds

More information

Beef Cattle Frame Scores

Beef Cattle Frame Scores Beef Cattle Frame Scores AS-1091, May 1995 John Dhuyvetter, Area Livestock Specialist Frame scores are an objective, numerical description of cattle skeletal size which reflect the growth pattern and potential

More information

e relationship between subcutaneous fat and marbling

e relationship between subcutaneous fat and marbling e relationship between subcutaneous fat and marbling Literature Review by Robert Maddock Associate Professor and Extension Meats Specialist, Animal Sciences NORTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY September 2013

More information

Weekly Live Cattle Contract Monthly Live Cattle Contract Weekly Feeder Cattle Contract Monthly Feeder Cattle Contract

Weekly Live Cattle Contract Monthly Live Cattle Contract Weekly Feeder Cattle Contract Monthly Feeder Cattle Contract Weekly Live Cattle Contract Monthly Live Cattle Contract Weekly Feeder Cattle Contract Monthly Feeder Cattle Contract 1 Cattle Outlook Fed cattle market will trend down: Domestic demand was strong. International

More information

Live Cattle Prices versus Dress Cattle Prices Boxed Beef Cut Out Carcass Price Equivalent

Live Cattle Prices versus Dress Cattle Prices Boxed Beef Cut Out Carcass Price Equivalent Jodie W. Pitcock Market Reporting Supervisor OIC USDA, AMS, LS, Livestock & Grain Market News 1 Live Cattle Prices versus Dress Cattle Prices Boxed Beef Cut Out Carcass Price Equivalent http://www.ams.usda.gov/lsmarketnews

More information

MARKET LAMB & GOAT SELECTION & EVALUATION. Aaron Renfroe Extension Assistant Sheep and Goat Texas AgriLife Extension Service San Angelo, Texas

MARKET LAMB & GOAT SELECTION & EVALUATION. Aaron Renfroe Extension Assistant Sheep and Goat Texas AgriLife Extension Service San Angelo, Texas MARKET LAMB & GOAT SELECTION & EVALUATION Aaron Renfroe Extension Assistant Sheep and Goat Texas AgriLife Extension Service San Angelo, Texas Selection Selecting your project is one of the most important

More information

Value of Modified Wet Distillers Grains in Cattle Diets without Corn

Value of Modified Wet Distillers Grains in Cattle Diets without Corn AS 653 ASL R2184 2007 Value of Modified Wet Distillers Grains in Cattle Diets without Corn Allen H. Trenkle Iowa State University Recommended Citation Trenkle, Allen H. (2007) "Value of Modified Wet Distillers

More information

GRID PRICING AS A FED CATTLE MARKETING STRATEGY

GRID PRICING AS A FED CATTLE MARKETING STRATEGY 2000 Minnesota Cattle Feeder Report B-470 GRID PRICING AS A FED CATTLE MARKETING STRATEGY INTRODUCTION A. DiCostanzo and C. R. Dahlen Department of Animal Science University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN

More information

A comparison of beef breed bulls for beef production & carcass traits. Future cattle production -seminar Viikki Campus 23.08.

A comparison of beef breed bulls for beef production & carcass traits. Future cattle production -seminar Viikki Campus 23.08. A comparison of beef breed bulls for beef production & carcass traits Future cattle production -seminar Viikki Campus 23.08.2013 Maiju Pesonen Outline of the presentation Beef production in Finland Ø Numbers,

More information

Relationships Affecting the Choice-Select Spread. Curt Lacy Extension Economist-Livestock University of Georgia

Relationships Affecting the Choice-Select Spread. Curt Lacy Extension Economist-Livestock University of Georgia Relationships Affecting the Choice-Select Spread Curt Lacy Extension Economist-Livestock University of Georgia Overview Factors that affect the Choice-Select Spread Short-term and long-term implications

More information

HOW TO PREPARE THE PERFECT PRIME RIB

HOW TO PREPARE THE PERFECT PRIME RIB HOW TO PREPARE THE PERFECT PRIME RIB Information courtesy of the Wyoming Beef Council www.wybeef.com A beef roast is the perfect entrée for special meals. Roasts are extremely easy to prepare and make

More information

Beef Premiums and Discounts

Beef Premiums and Discounts Beef Premiums and Discounts An Update of 5-Area Cattle and Beef Quality Premiums and Discounts March 2012 Matthew A. Herrington (Graduate Student, Kansas State University) Glynn T. Tonsor (Kansas State

More information

BEEF CARCASS HINDQUARTER. DEBONING. visit. for delicious beef recipes. topside shin and soft shin. silverside. knuckle.

BEEF CARCASS HINDQUARTER.  DEBONING. visit. for delicious beef recipes. topside shin and soft shin. silverside. knuckle. BEEF CARCASS HINDQUARTER silverside topside shin and soft shin knuckle DEBONING Sparta s deboned hindquarter primal cuts are generously trimmed, thus the client has minimal offcuts when slicing the product.

More information

Beef, pig and sheep carcass classification and price reporting in the European Union. European Commission, Unit C3 DG Agri. Brussels, 19 March 2014

Beef, pig and sheep carcass classification and price reporting in the European Union. European Commission, Unit C3 DG Agri. Brussels, 19 March 2014 Beef, pig and sheep carcass classification and price reporting in the European Union European Commission, Unit C3 DG Agri Brussels, 19 March 2014 Carcass Classification Who are involved? Slaughterhouses

More information

Evaluation Of The Charolais As Straightbred And Crossbred For Beef Production In South Central Florida

Evaluation Of The Charolais As Straightbred And Crossbred For Beef Production In South Central Florida Evaluation Of The Charolais As Straightbred And Crossbred For Beef Production In South Central Florida February 1977 - Bulletin 786 Agricultural Experiment Stations Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

More information

MCDONALD S SUSTAINABLE BEEF PILOT Information Sharing Initiative Report April 7, 2016

MCDONALD S SUSTAINABLE BEEF PILOT Information Sharing Initiative Report April 7, 2016 MCDONALD S SUSTAINABLE BEEF PILOT Information Sharing Initiative Report April 7, 2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS 02 04 INTRODUCTION KEY TAKEAWAYS 06 RESULTS 15 CONCLUSION 17 APPENDIX MCDONALD S SUSTAINABLE BEEF

More information

FEEDLOT MANAGEMENT Matching Cattle Type and Feedlot Performance

FEEDLOT MANAGEMENT Matching Cattle Type and Feedlot Performance Beef Cattle FEEDLOT MANAGEMENT Matching Cattle Type and Feedlot Performance Pete Anderson, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist University of Minnesota INTRODUCTION Correct projection of breakeven prices is

More information

Historical Cattle and Beef Prices, Seasonal Patterns, and Futures Basis for Nebraska,

Historical Cattle and Beef Prices, Seasonal Patterns, and Futures Basis for Nebraska, PHREC 05-21 Historical Cattle and Beef Prices, Seasonal Patterns, and Futures Basis for Nebraska,1960-2004 by Dillon M. Feuz Paul A. Burgener University of Nebraska, Cooperative Extension Institute of

More information

Comparison of beef cattle management systems: pasture versus drylot year 1 ( )

Comparison of beef cattle management systems: pasture versus drylot year 1 ( ) Comparison of beef cattle management systems: pasture versus drylot year 1 (2009-2010) B. R. Ilse and V. L. Anderson NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center Introduction Land is an expensive and limited

More information

Final Report. Submitted to National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO. April 2012

Final Report. Submitted to National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO. April 2012 Final Report 2011 National Beef Quality Audit Phase I: Face-to-Face Interviews Submitted to National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO April 2012 Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department

More information

Beef Primal Cuts OUTSIDE FLAT 2050 OUTSIDE 2030

Beef Primal Cuts OUTSIDE FLAT 2050 OUTSIDE 2030 Beef Primal Cuts OUTSIDE FLAT 2050 OUTSIDE 2030 EYE ROUND 2040 SILVERSIDE 2020 TOPSIDE 2000 KNUCKLE 2070 THICK FLANK 2060 TOP SIRLOIN 2120 RUMP 2090 FLANK STEAK 2210 TENDERLOIN 2150 (Side strap on) D-RUMP

More information

Australian Santa Gertrudis Selection Indexes

Australian Santa Gertrudis Selection Indexes Australian Santa Gertrudis Selection Indexes There are currently two different selection indexes calculated for Australian Santa Gertrudis animals. These are: Domestic Production Index Export Production

More information

In many areas of the country, the Holstein

In many areas of the country, the Holstein A3659 Managing Holstein Steers for Beef Production Michael G. Siemens In many areas of the country, the Holstein steer is gaining popularity because it offers profit opportunities for alert, innovative

More information

Home Slaughtering and Processing of Beef

Home Slaughtering and Processing of Beef Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service ANSI-3400 Home Slaughtering and Processing of Beef Harold R. Hedlick and William C. Shingel Department of Food Science and Nutrition Maurice Alexander Department

More information

PO Box 1100, Platte City, MO (816) fax (816)

PO Box 1100, Platte City, MO (816) fax (816) 2015 Sire Summary PO Box 1100, Platte City, MO 64079-1100 (816) 431-9950 fax (816) 431-9951 E-mail: maine@kc.rr.com www.maine-anjou.org The Official Spring 2015 Sire Summary Foreword The Spring 2015 Sire

More information

COMPARISON OF DAIRY VERSUS BEEF STEERS

COMPARISON OF DAIRY VERSUS BEEF STEERS COMPARISON OF DAIRY VERSUS BEEF STEERS Steven R. Rust a and Cassie S. Abney b Department of Animal Science a Michigan State University, Lansong, MI b Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX Introduction Approximately

More information

US Imported Beef Market A Weekly Update

US Imported Beef Market A Weekly Update US Imported Beef Market A Weekly Update Prepared Exclusively for Meat & Livestock Australia - Sydney Volume XVI, Issue 24 June 29, 2016 Prepared by: Steiner Consulting Group SteinerConsulting.com 800-526-4612

More information

EBLEX BEEF BRP MANUAL 4. Beef production from the dairy herd

EBLEX BEEF BRP MANUAL 4. Beef production from the dairy herd EBLEX BEEF BRP MANUAL 4 Beef production from the dairy herd The information in this booklet was compiled by: Mary Vickers, MLC; Clive Brown and Liz Ford, EBLEX. EBLEX Beef Better Returns Programme is grateful

More information

Beef Choice/Select Spread

Beef Choice/Select Spread Factors Affecting the Beef Choice/Select Spread The choice/select boxed beef spread, commonly referred to as the choice/select spread, is the difference between wholesale boxed beef cut-out values for

More information

PRESENCE OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) TISSUE IN ADVANCED MEAT RECOVERY (AMR) PRODUCTS

PRESENCE OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) TISSUE IN ADVANCED MEAT RECOVERY (AMR) PRODUCTS PRESENCE OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) TISSUE IN ADVANCED MEAT RECOVERY (AMR) PRODUCTS PRESENCE OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) TISSUE INTRODUCTION IN ADVANCED MEAT RECOVERY (AMR) PRODUCTS TThe consumption

More information

Effects of Supplemental Vitamin E with Different Oil Sources on Growth, Health, and Carcass Parameters of Preconditioned Beef Calves 1

Effects of Supplemental Vitamin E with Different Oil Sources on Growth, Health, and Carcass Parameters of Preconditioned Beef Calves 1 Oregon State University BEEF25 Beef Research Report Beef Cattle Sciences Effects of Supplemental Vitamin E with Different Oil Sources on Growth, Health, and Carcass Parameters of Preconditioned Beef Calves

More information

H.A. DePra, J.D. Duggin, D.R. Gill, C.R. Krehbiel, J.B. Morgan, D.C. Bietz, A.H. Trenkle, R.L. Horst, F.N. Owens. Story in Brief

H.A. DePra, J.D. Duggin, D.R. Gill, C.R. Krehbiel, J.B. Morgan, D.C. Bietz, A.H. Trenkle, R.L. Horst, F.N. Owens. Story in Brief Effect of Feeding 2,500, 50,000 or 100,000 IU of Vitamin D 3 Daily on Feedlot Performance, Carcass Merit, and Plasma and Tissue Metabolite Concentrations H.A. DePra, J.D. Duggin, D.R. Gill, C.R. Krehbiel,

More information

Kansas State University Lean Value Marketing Program

Kansas State University Lean Value Marketing Program ORIGINAL RESEARCH Kansas State University Lean Value Marketing Program Garry L. Keeler, MS; Mike D.Tokach, MS, PhD; Jim L. Nelssen, MS, PhD; Robert D. Goodband, MS, PhD; and Steve S. Dritz, DVM Summary:

More information

Contrasting appraisals of quality and value of beef carcasses in Spain and the United States

Contrasting appraisals of quality and value of beef carcasses in Spain and the United States QUALITY AND VALUE OF BEEF CARCASSES (SPAIN,UNITED STATES) 337 Contrasting appraisals of quality and value of beef carcasses in Spain and the United States M. J. BERIAIN* 1, G. INDURAIN 1, T. R. CARR 2,

More information

Understanding Grid Marketing: How Quality Grades and Grid Conditions Affect Carcass Value. By Pete Anderson Ag Knowledge Services

Understanding Grid Marketing: How Quality Grades and Grid Conditions Affect Carcass Value. By Pete Anderson Ag Knowledge Services Understanding Grid Marketing: How Quality Grades and Grid Conditions Affect Carcass Value By Pete Anderson Ag Knowledge Services Introduction Are cattle a commodity or a branded product? Since sight unseen

More information

Terms: The following terms are presented in this lesson (shown in bold italics and on PowerPoint Slides 2 and 3):

Terms: The following terms are presented in this lesson (shown in bold italics and on PowerPoint Slides 2 and 3): Unit B: Understanding Animal Reproduction Lesson 4: Understanding Genetics Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1. Explain

More information

Meat Goats. January 2005. Kent Orrell Extension Educator, Kiowa Co. Okla.

Meat Goats. January 2005. Kent Orrell Extension Educator, Kiowa Co. Okla. Meat Goats 4-H livestock projects January 2005 Kent Orrell Extension Educator, Kiowa Co. Okla. Oklahoma State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, State and local governments cooperating. The Oklahoma

More information

SHEEP. The Value of Independence CARCASE AUTHENTICATION AND VERIFICATION SERVICES MEAT AND LIVESTOCK COMMERCIAL SERVICES LTD (MLCSL)

SHEEP. The Value of Independence CARCASE AUTHENTICATION AND VERIFICATION SERVICES MEAT AND LIVESTOCK COMMERCIAL SERVICES LTD (MLCSL) The Value of Independence MEAT AND LIVESTOCK COMMERCIAL SERVICES LTD (MLCSL) SHEEP CARCASE AUTHENTICATION AND VERIFICATION SERVICES MLCSL s Carcase Authentication Service The Value of Independence Sheep

More information

Mean EPDs reported by different breeds

Mean EPDs reported by different breeds Mean EPDs reported by different breeds Larry A. Kuehn and R. Mark Thallman Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, USDA-ARS, Clay Center, NE 68933 Expected progeny differences (EPDs) have been

More information

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Language of Anatomy Anatomical Position Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs point away from body Right, left, front, back, top, bottom are the subject s (cadaver s) P.O.V. NOT

More information

Grid Pricing of Fed Cattle

Grid Pricing of Fed Cattle E-557 RM1-11.0 03-09 Risk Management Grid Pricing of Fed Cattle Robert Hogan, Jr., David Anderson and Ted Schroeder* Grid prices, or value-based marketing, refers to pricing cattle on an individual animal

More information

IOWA STATE FAIR * AUGUST 11-21, 2016 * FFA BEEF CATTLE

IOWA STATE FAIR * AUGUST 11-21, 2016 * FFA BEEF CATTLE FFA BEEF CATTLE DEPARTMENT Supervisors of Breeding Beef - Bridget Mahoney, Lone Tree; Lindsey Schanbacher, Montezuma; Steven Eskildsen, Emmetsburg Supervisors of Performance Beef - Dana Weeda, Denison;

More information

Branded Livestock & Meat Programs Cara L. Gerken Livestock and Meat Marketing Specialist

Branded Livestock & Meat Programs Cara L. Gerken Livestock and Meat Marketing Specialist Branded Livestock & Meat Programs Cara L. Gerken Livestock and Meat Marketing Specialist USDA, Marketing & Regulatory Programs, Agricultural Marketing Service Which of these cuts could be branded? Which

More information

SHOW STEER SELECTION. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Agent Utah State University Extension

SHOW STEER SELECTION. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Agent Utah State University Extension September 2005 (pr) A6/4HLivestock/2005-06 SHOW STEER SELECTION Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Agent Utah State University Extension BREEDS OF CATTLE There are many breeds of cattle. Listed on this

More information

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster Agriculture Meat and Dairy Product Processing

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster Agriculture Meat and Dairy Product Processing Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster Agriculture Meat and Dairy Product Processing Course: 02.43200 Course Description This course is designed for the Food Products and Processing Pathway.

More information

Carcass Traits and Merit

Carcass Traits and Merit Carcass Traits and Merit Utilization of Bos indicus Cattle in Florida Beef Enterprises David G. Riley 1, Chad C. Chase, Jr. 2, Dwain D. Johnson 3, Timothy A. Olson 4, Roger L. West 5, Sam W. Coleman 6,

More information

THE CANADIAN BEEF INDUSTRY THE CANADIAN BEEF ADVANTAGE CANADIAN CATTLE PRODUCTION SYSTEM CANADIAN BEEF PROCESSING SYSTEM

THE CANADIAN BEEF INDUSTRY THE CANADIAN BEEF ADVANTAGE CANADIAN CATTLE PRODUCTION SYSTEM CANADIAN BEEF PROCESSING SYSTEM THE CANADIAN BEEF INDUSTRY THE CANADIAN BEEF ADVANTAGE CANADIAN CATTLE PRODUCTION SYSTEM CANADIAN BEEF PROCESSING SYSTEM THE CANADIAN BEEF ADVANTAGE The Canadian Beef Industry Canada is one of the leading

More information

Swine EPD Terminology

Swine EPD Terminology Swine EPD Terminology EPD- Expected Progeny Difference is the best estimate or indicator of a sire or dam s genetic potential. It is the actual differences in production a pork producer could expect from

More information

Grid Base Prices and Premiums-Discounts Over Time

Grid Base Prices and Premiums-Discounts Over Time Managing for Today s Cattle Market and Beyond March 2002 Grid Base Prices and Premiums-Discounts Over Time By Clement E. Ward, Oklahoma State University Ted C. Schroeder, Kansas State University Dillon

More information

U.S. Beef and Cattle Imports and Exports: Data Issues and Impacts on Cattle Prices

U.S. Beef and Cattle Imports and Exports: Data Issues and Impacts on Cattle Prices U.S. Beef and Cattle Imports and Exports: Data Issues and Impacts on Cattle Prices Gary W. Brester, Associate Professor Montana State University Bozeman and John M. Marsh, Professor Montana State University

More information

CHARACTERISTICS OF RESTRUCTURED BEEF STEAKS CONTAINING MECHANICALLY DEBONED MEAT 1

CHARACTERISTICS OF RESTRUCTURED BEEF STEAKS CONTAINING MECHANICALLY DEBONED MEAT 1 CHARACTERISTICS OF RESTRUCTURED BEEF STEAKS CONTAINING MECHANICALLY DEBONED MEAT 1 R. A. Field, A. Booren, S. A. Larsen and J. L. Kinnison University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station, Laramie

More information

Winter Feeding Programs For Beef Cattle and Calves

Winter Feeding Programs For Beef Cattle and Calves A l a s k a L i v e s t o c k S e r i e s Winter Feeding Programs For Beef Cattle and Calves LPM-00741 Before making management and feeding decisions about beef cattle and calves, consider the following

More information

DAIRY BEEF PRODUCTION PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE

DAIRY BEEF PRODUCTION PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE DAIRY BEEF PRODUCTION PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE Kenneth S. Eng, Ph.D. Eng Inc & -K- Ranches San Antonio, Texas With this impressive program and the cast of speakers it would be unnecessary and redundant for

More information

YIELD AND QUALITY OF HOLSTEIN BEEF

YIELD AND QUALITY OF HOLSTEIN BEEF YIELD AND QUALITY OF HOLSTEIN BEEF Daniel M. Schaefer Department of Animal Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Introduction Beef derived from Holstein steers is a significant source of the U.S. beef

More information

Beef Cattle Handbook

Beef Cattle Handbook Beef Cattle Handbook BCH-1000 Product of Extension Beef Cattle Resource Committee Adapted from Beef Improvement Federation Beef Performance Glossary John Hough, Amercian Hereford Association David Notter,

More information

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM Figure 1

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM Figure 1 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM Figure 1 PROCESS CATEGORY: SLAUGHTER PRODUCT: BEEF RECEIVING PACKAGING MATERIALS RECEIVING LIVE CATTLE STUNNING/BLEEDING HEAD/SHANK REMOVAL SKINNING EVISCERATION SPLITTING VISCERA

More information

Meat processing is a complicated business, with tight

Meat processing is a complicated business, with tight Meat processing is a complicated business, with tight margins and strong competition. Each year, the meat industry sees the loss of many new entrants who have failed to fully understand its intricacies.

More information

Consumer Health and Safety

Consumer Health and Safety Role of Government in Agricultural Markets Food safety and consumer protection Trade regulation and producer protection Research and education Market efficiency Consumer Health and Safety Food and Drug

More information

SYSCO Branded Premium Pork Products Produced By

SYSCO Branded Premium Pork Products Produced By SYSCO Branded Premium Pork Products Produced By Terms You Should Know #1 Butcher Hogs: An animal, male or female, that is raised strictly for meat. Weight range 195 lbs. to 320 lbs. False Lean: The cutaneous

More information

The U.S. Ground Beef Market: Why Imports Help

The U.S. Ground Beef Market: Why Imports Help The U.S. Ground Beef Market: Why Imports Help Thomas E. Elam, Ph.D. Executive Summary The U.S. ground beef market is a complex supply/demand chain that channels domestic and imported ground beef products

More information

S P E C I F I C GRAVITY AS A MEASURE PORK CARCASS LEANNESS

S P E C I F I C GRAVITY AS A MEASURE PORK CARCASS LEANNESS 107. S P E C I F I C GRAVITY AS A MEASURE PORK CARCASS LEANNESS OF The pork carcass is composed of numerous kinds of tissues, among which are fat, lean, bone, skin and connective tissue. Of these, the

More information

Forage Management for Pasture Finishing

Forage Management for Pasture Finishing Forage Management for Pasture Finishing 59th Florida Beef Cattle Short Course John Andrae Extension Forage Specialist Southeast Beef Cattle Inventory Beef Cattle 7.64 M Cows that have calved 32.5 M US

More information

** ANIMAL ID NUMBERS MUST BE DESIGNATED IN http://storyia.fairentry.com **

** ANIMAL ID NUMBERS MUST BE DESIGNATED IN http://storyia.fairentry.com ** July 23 8:30 am noon: Enter & Weigh -in: Market Beef and bottle calves July 25 about 4 pm: All Beef Exhibitor Meeting in Bob Williams Arena July 25 6 pm: Enter & Weigh-in Advanced Cattle Feeder July 26

More information

Selecting, Feeding, Fitting, Grooming and Showing Beef Cattle

Selecting, Feeding, Fitting, Grooming and Showing Beef Cattle Selecting, Feeding, Fitting, Grooming and Showing Beef Cattle Today, there are many breeders of quality show steers and heifers. Anymore, a show animal is not a mistake, or freak, but is the result of

More information

Organic SOP-Grazing describes the procedures that ensure the organic requirements are met with regard to cattle grazing.

Organic SOP-Grazing describes the procedures that ensure the organic requirements are met with regard to cattle grazing. Organic SOP-Grazing Organic SOP-Grazing describes the procedures that ensure the organic requirements are met with regard to cattle grazing. The description includes: Specific requirements for grazing

More information

ANIMAL SCIENCE RESEARCH CENTRE

ANIMAL SCIENCE RESEARCH CENTRE ANIMAL SCIENCE RESEARCH CENTRE Evaluation of progeny from Top 10% (Lorabar Mighty Prince) and Top 70% (Aynho Beck) Terminal Index Aberdeen Angus bulls intensively finished on a cereal beef system TRIAL

More information

Electrical Stimulation Purpose, Application and Results

Electrical Stimulation Purpose, Application and Results B-1375 Electrical Stimulation Purpose, Application and Results Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director College Station, Texas D.M. Stiffler,

More information

THE EFFECT OF ZILPATEROL HYDROCHLORIDE SUPPLEMENTATION ON MARKET DAIRY COW PERFORMANCE, CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS, AND CARCASS CUTABILITY

THE EFFECT OF ZILPATEROL HYDROCHLORIDE SUPPLEMENTATION ON MARKET DAIRY COW PERFORMANCE, CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS, AND CARCASS CUTABILITY THE EFFECT OF ZILPATEROL HYDROCHLORIDE SUPPLEMENTATION ON MARKET DAIRY COW PERFORMANCE, CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS, AND CARCASS CUTABILITY B. K. Lowe, R. O. McKeith, J. R. Segers, R. M. Pitzer, J. A. Safko,

More information

ABERDEEN ANGUS. Management Guide. blade-farming.com

ABERDEEN ANGUS. Management Guide. blade-farming.com FARM E RMA RS T INFO SERIEION S blade-farming.com INTRODUCTION to Blade Farming The Blade Farming business was established in 2001 as an integrated supply chain which is dedicated to supplying consistently

More information

Internal Parasites of Livestock

Internal Parasites of Livestock Internal Parasites of Livestock Internal Parasites of Livestock Internal Parasites: live within the internal organs of livestock They are not visible Effects on the host may be visible Divided into three

More information

THE EVALUATION OF DISTILLERS CO-PRODUCTS IN DAIRY BEEF PRODUCTION

THE EVALUATION OF DISTILLERS CO-PRODUCTS IN DAIRY BEEF PRODUCTION THE EVALUATION OF DISTILLERS CO-PRODUCTS IN DAIRY BEEF PRODUCTION Allen Trenkle Iowa State University Feeding dairy beef, predominantly Holstein steers, has evolved into a highly specialized segment of

More information

FUTURES TRADING OF LIVE BEEF CATTLE (HEDGING) by Clarence C. Bowen

FUTURES TRADING OF LIVE BEEF CATTLE (HEDGING) by Clarence C. Bowen ESM 481 FUTURES TRADING OF LIVE BEEF CATTLE (HEDGING) by Clarence C. Bowen Cooperative Extension Service Department of Agricultural Economics & Rural Sociology The Ohio State University September, 1972

More information

Livestock Judging Manual Table of Contents

Livestock Judging Manual Table of Contents Livestock Judging Manual Table of Contents Introduction 2 Objectives 3 Scoring System 4 Effective Note Taking 6 Oral Reasons 9 Transitional Phrases 12 Reasons Format 13 General Carcass Parameters 17 Performance

More information

Lameness. Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian

Lameness. Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian Lameness Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian Introduction Lameness in cattle is a serious economic problem. There are many causes for lameness. It is important that the problem

More information

Beef Cattle Feed Efficiency. Dan Shike University of Illinois

Beef Cattle Feed Efficiency. Dan Shike University of Illinois Beef Cattle Feed Efficiency Dan Shike University of Illinois Outline Introduction Definitions of feed efficiency Feedlot closeout data Challenges we face New technology Cow efficiency Summary Why all the

More information

Increasing Profitability Through an Accelerated Heifer Replacement Program

Increasing Profitability Through an Accelerated Heifer Replacement Program Increasing Profitability Through an Accelerated Heifer Replacement Program Robert B. Corbett, D.V.M Dairy Health Consultation Accelerating heifer growth has been a very controversial subject in recent

More information

Beef Cattle. Production MP184 DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N

Beef Cattle. Production MP184 DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N MP184 Beef Cattle Production DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N University of Arkansas System University of Arkansas, United States Department of Agriculture, and County Governments

More information

Investing in genetic technologies to meet future market requirements and assist in delivering profitable sheep and cattle farming

Investing in genetic technologies to meet future market requirements and assist in delivering profitable sheep and cattle farming Investing in genetic technologies to meet future market requirements and assist in delivering profitable sheep and cattle farming B+LNZ GENETICS The Government through its Ministry of Business, Innovation

More information

Genomics in the beef industry: US situation

Genomics in the beef industry: US situation Genomics in the beef industry: US situation Alison Van Eenennaam, Ph.D. Animal Genomics and Biotechnology Cooperative Extension Specialist Department of Animal Science University of California, Davis,

More information

Vitamin E Supplementation of Cattle and Shelf-Life for the Japanese Market 1

Vitamin E Supplementation of Cattle and Shelf-Life for the Japanese Market 1 Vitamin E Supplementation of Cattle and Shelf-Life for the Japanese Market 1 of Beef S. K. Sanders 2, J. B. Morgan 3, D. M. Wulf, J. D. Tatum, S. N. Williams 4, and G. C. Smith Colorado State University,

More information

Lesson # 9: Poultry Processing

Lesson # 9: Poultry Processing Lesson # 9 Poultry Processing Core Area: Animal Science Unit: Poultry Industry Lesson # 9: Poultry Processing National Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (AFNR) Career Cluster Content Standards: AS.02.02

More information

Reviewed.March.2010 SHOW LAMB SELECTION. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Agent Utah State University Extension

Reviewed.March.2010 SHOW LAMB SELECTION. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Agent Utah State University Extension Reviewed.March.2010 SHOW LAMB SELECTION Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Agent Utah State University Extension R BREEDS OF SHEEP There are many breeds of sheep. Here are a few that are used in junior

More information

Trends in the Choice-Select Spread and Implications to Cattle Producers

Trends in the Choice-Select Spread and Implications to Cattle Producers Trends in the Choice-Select Spread and Implications to Cattle Producers Choice-Select topics addressed in this paper: How is C-S calculated? What are the trends within C-S? Why are cattle grading so well?

More information

VMC Body Fat / Hydration Monitor Scale. VBF-362 User s Manual

VMC Body Fat / Hydration Monitor Scale. VBF-362 User s Manual VMC Body Fat / Hydration Monitor Scale VBF-362 User s Manual Instruction for Weight Congratulation on purchasing this VMC Body Fat / Hydration Monitor Scale. This is more than a scale but also a health-monitoring

More information

meat standards australia

meat standards australia meat standards australia 2 Australian MSA beef comes from the world s leading eating quality grading system. This is your symbol for tender, juicy and flavoursome beef, every single time. The MSA symbol,

More information

WORLD BANK STUDY Livestock and Slaughter Waste Management. Presentation 2 Conditions at Slaughterhouses

WORLD BANK STUDY Livestock and Slaughter Waste Management. Presentation 2 Conditions at Slaughterhouses WORLD BANK STUDY Livestock and Slaughter Waste Management Workshop at World Bank H.Q. 27 February 2008 Presentation 2 Conditions at Slaughterhouses NIPPON KOEI Co. Ltd. in association with ProAnd Associates

More information

LUMBAR LAMINECTOMY AND DISCECTOMY. Basic Anatomical Landmarks: Posterior View Lumbar Spine

LUMBAR LAMINECTOMY AND DISCECTOMY. Basic Anatomical Landmarks: Posterior View Lumbar Spine Lumbar Relating to the loins or the section of the back and sides between the ribs and the pelvis. In the spinal column, the last five vertebrae (from superior to inferior, L1-L5) Laminectomy Surgical

More information

Locating Common Bones*

Locating Common Bones* 4H1656 4ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ACTIVITY Locating Common Bones* Skill Level: 4Beginner to advanced Life Skills: 4Communication, critical thinking, decision-making and teamwork Setting: 4Room with chairs arranged

More information

Sous Vide Times and Temperatures

Sous Vide Times and Temperatures Sous Vide Times and Temperatures Stick it on the fridge and share it with your friends: Behold, our guide to preparing all your favorite foods from juicy pork chops to tender green vegetables exactly the

More information

CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION Objectives Identify the meaning of 10 or more terms relating to the organization of the body Describe the properties of life Describe the function for the structures of the

More information

By Anne Wasko Gateway Livestock, Market Analyst

By Anne Wasko Gateway Livestock, Market Analyst @AnneDunford By Anne Wasko Gateway Livestock, Market Analyst June 2014 J/98 J/99 J/00 J/01 J/02 J/03 J/04 J/05 J/06 J/07 J/08 J/09 J/10 J/11 J/12 J/13 J/14 US $/cwt $160 US Fed Steer Price $140 $120 $100

More information