Storage of Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Containers

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Storage of Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Containers"

Transcription

1 Hanover Risk Solutions Storage of Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Containers The storage of flammable and combustible liquids presents a serious fire protection challenge. The presence of these liquids in storage areas significantly adds to the fire load of a property. During a fire, flammable liquids containers may fail and spill their contents, creating more fuel for the fire. This report provides loss control considerations for the incidental storage of flammable and combustible liquids, in containers, in general purpose warehouses and mercantile, office, and institutional occupancies. While storage locations for flammable and combustible liquids, such as kerosene, motor oil, paints, paint thinner, and rubbing alcohol, can be found in any type of occupancy, such locations should be designed and constructed to protect the liquids from fire and to contain any fires that may occur in the area. Containers for the storage of flammable and combustible liquids may be constructed of glass, plastic, and metal; however, plastic containers are most often used to package these liquids. This report provides considerations for the incidental storage of flammable and combustible liquids in occupancies not specifically designed as inside liquid storage areas, such as warehouses, mercantile, office, and institutional occupancies, as defined by the 2015 revision of NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The report does not include considerations for the storage of flammable and combustible liquids in portable tanks, intermediate bulk containers, outside locations, or inside liquid storage areas, such as cutoff rooms or liquids warehouses. Terminology NFPA 30 includes a system for categorizing liquids as being flammable or combustible. These liquid classifications are used for determining the various requirements within NFPA codes and standards. The system is based primarily on the flash point of the liquid, that is, the minimum temperature at which sufficient vapor is given off the liquid to form an ignitable mixture with air. Flammable liquids, which are classified as Class IA, IB, and IC, are liquids that have flash points below 100 F (37.8 C) or less and a vapor pressure not exceeding 40 psia (2,068.6 mm Hg) at 100 F (37.8 C); combustible liquids, which are classified as Class II, IIIA, and IIIB, are liquids that have flash points of 100 F (37.8 C) or more. Class I liquids are the most hazardous, from a fire safety standpoint, while Class IIIB liquids are the least hazardous of the classes. The following describes the NFPA classification system: continued

2 Class IA liquids are liquids that have flash points below 73 F (22.8 C) and boiling points below 100 F (37.8 C). Additionally, unstable flammable liquids are treated as Class IA liquids. Class IB liquids are liquids that have flash points below 73 F (22.8 C) and boiling points at or above 100 F (37.8 C). Class IC liquids are liquids that have flash points at or above 73 F (22.8 C), but below 100 F (37.8 C). Class II liquids are liquids that have a flash point at or above 100 F (37.8 C) and below 140 F (60 C). Class IIIA liquids are liquids that have a flash point at or above 140 F (60 C), but below 200 F (93 C), Class IIIB liquids are liquids that have a flash point at or above 200 F (93 C). It should be noted that the U.S. Department of Transportation s (US DOT) Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) provides slightly different definitions for flammable and combustible liquids that are being transported. Storage The storage requirements for flammable and combustible liquids in containers will vary, depending on the type of occupancy, the liquid s classification, and the container size and construction. Containers for flammable and combustible liquids should be specifically listed, by an independent third party, as suitable for the liquid to be stored. NFPA requires that, in no case, should the storage obstruct an exit or exit path, or create a greater hazard to the occupants of the premises. Also, regardless of the occupancy, Class I liquids should not be stored in basements. Additional requirements, based on the occupancy type, include: General-Purpose Warehousing NFPA 30 permits limited quantities of flammable and combustible liquid products to be stored in General-Purpose Warehouses (GPWs) when the warehouse is separated from other occupancies by firewalls having a minimum fireresistance rating of four hours. GPWs should be protected by an automatic sprinkler system, designed and installed according to the provisions of NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), for 20-ft. (6-m) high storage of Class IV commodities or by one of the protection designs found in Chapter 16 of NFPA 30. Container size is limited, as follows: Class IB and IC liquids containers of 1.3 gal. (5 L) or less capacity. Class II liquids containers of 5.3 gal. (20 L) or less capacity. Class III liquids containers of 60 gal. (230 L) or less capacity. In addition, the total quantity and storage height of the liquids are limited to the following: Class IB and IC liquids maximum 660 gal. (2,498 L) and 5 ft. (1.5 m) high. Class II liquid maximum 1,375 gal. (5,204 L) and 5 ft. (1.5 m) high. Class IIIA liquid maximum 2,750 gal. (10,409 L) and 10 ft. (3.0 m) high. Class IIIB liquid maximum 13,750 gal. (52,044 L) and 15 ft. (4.6 m) high. Any storage exceeding these limitations should be either in a dedicated liquid storage room, meeting the design requirements of subsection 9.9 of NFPA 30, or in a detached liquids warehouse. Limited quantities of combustible commodities also can be stored in a GPW provided that the commodities are separated from the liquids by a minimum distance of 8 ft. (2.4 m) horizontally, either by aisles or open racks, and protected by an automatic sprinkler system, as previously described. 2

3 Storage in Plastic Containers NFPA 30 does not permit the storage of Class I and Class II liquids in plastic containers in GPWs, unless such storage is restricted to a liquid storage room. However, subsection of NFPA 30 does allow Class I and Class II liquids in GPWs when the products are packaged, as follows: In individual containers having not more than 50 percent water-miscible liquids, 1 with the remaining solution not being a Class I liquid; In individual containers not exceeding 16 oz. (0.5 L) and having not more than 50 percent water-miscible liquids; In packaging systems that are listed and labeled for these liquids. Dispensing of Liquids Class I and Class II liquids should not be dispensed in GPWs unless the operations are performed in a room or area cutoff from all other areas and designed for such operations. Class I and Class II liquids should not be transferred between containers unless both containers are bonded and grounded. Proper bonding/grounding is required to prevent the buildup of static electricity produced by the transfer of liquids. Provisions for bonding and grounding include: Connecting the containers to each other electrically, before transferring the liquid. Connecting both containers electrically to earth ground, before transferring the liquid. See Static Electricity, on Hanover s Risk Solutions website for additional information on this topic. 1 A water-miscible liquid mixes in all proportions with water. When water-miscible flammable liquids are mixed with water, a homogeneous solution is formed. The flash point, fire point, heat of combustion, and the heat release rate of the solution will be different from the pure flammable liquid. Mercantile Occupancies The storage and display of flammable and combustible liquid storage in mercantile occupancies should be in accordance with Chapter 10 of NFPA 30. Specific storage requirements will vary based on the level of fire protection provided, as follows: The maximum quantity of Class I and Class II liquids that may be stored above the ground floor is limited to 120 gal. (454 L) for areas protected by an automatic sprinkler system. This quantity should be reduced to 60 gal. (230 L) when the area is not protected by an automatic sprinkler system. Class I and Class II liquids may not be stored below grade. Containers displayed and accessible to the public are limited to 6 gal. (23 L), except distilled spirits packaged in wooden barrels or cask. Non-water-miscible Class II liquids in plastic containers having a capacity of 1 gal. (3.8 L) or more are limited to a total of 30 gal. (114 L) per storage pile and at least 50-ft. (15-m) separation between storage arrangements. This quantity may be doubled if the liquid is stored in a listed flammables cabinet or is protected by an automatic sprinkler system having a design density of 0.60 gpm/ft. 2 (24.4 mm/min). Fire Protection The storage of flammable and combustible liquids in mercantile occupancies is also limited by the type of fire protection system present. These limitations, which are detailed in Table of NFPA 30, include: Unprotected storage is limited to no more than: 60 gal. (230 L) of Class 1A liquids; 3,750 gal. (14,195 L), in any combination, of Class IB, IC, II and IIIA liquids per location, with a limitation of two locations per building that are separated by one-hour fire rated walls; and 15,000 gal. (56,781 L) of Class IIIB liquids. 3

4 Storage protected by an automatic sprinkler system meeting the design requirements of NFPA 13 for an Ordinary Hazard Group 2 is limited to no more than: 120 gal. (454 L) of Class 1A liquids; and 7,500 gal. (28,390 L), in any combination, of Class IB, IC, II, and IIIA liquids per location, with a limitation of two locations per building that are separated by one-hour fire rated walls. An unlimited amount of Class IIIB liquids is permitted. Storage quantities of greater than 30,000 gal. (113,562 L), in any combination, of Class IB, IC, II and IIIA liquids must be protected by fire suppression systems, in accordance with Chapter 16 of NFPA 30. Table also provides maximum storage densities (i.e. gal./ft. 2 [L/m 2 ]) for Class IB, IC, II and IIIA liquids. Offices and Institutional Occupancies Storage of flammable and combustible liquids in offices, educational, institutional, daycare, and other similar occupancies should be limited to those materials and quantities necessary to support daily operations. The maximum combined volume of Class I and Class II liquids stored outside of a flammable liquids cabinet should not exceed 10 gal. (38 L). Storage of Class IIIA liquids outside of a flammable liquids cabinet or inside liquid storage areas should not exceed 60 gal. (230 L). Fire Prevention Basic fire prevention goals in the storage of flammable and combustible liquids are to eliminate sources of ignition in areas where materials are stored, reduce the amount of easily ignitable materials present near sources of ignition, and prevent contact of an ignition source with any flammable vapor/air mixture. Building services should meet local fire and building code requirements. The electrical system should comply with NFPA 70, National Electric Code. Equipment subject to static accumulation, such as racks, ventilating ducts, hoists, etc., should be grounded. Electrical equipment of the explosion proof type, as defined by NFPA 70, should be used in storage areas. Gas service should comply with NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code. Heating/air conditioning systems should comply with the requirements of NFPA 90A, Standard for the Installation of Air Conditioning and Ventilating Systems. Heating systems for flammable liquid storage areas should be of the type that does not introduce an ignition source, such as steam or hot water. Smoking should not be permitted in areas where flammable liquids are stored. If employee smoking is permitted in the facility, designated areas are desirable, as well as the provision of non-combustible ash trays or receptacles. No Smoking signs should be posted in all areas where smoking is not permitted. Measures should be taken to reduce the risk of fire from the use of powered industrial trucks in flammable liquid storage areas. The types of powered industrial trucks used should be suitable for the commodities stored, as required by NFPA 505, Fire Safety Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks Including Type Designations, Areas of Use, Conversions, Maintenance, and Operation. The standard applies to forklift trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines, and provide information on their safe use, maintenance, and operation to minimize fire hazards. Hot-work operations, such as welding and cutting, in flammable liquid storage areas should comply with NFPA 51B, Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and 4

5 Other Hot Work. A hot-work permit should be issued and a person appointed with responsibility for implementing a fire prevention program. A fire watch should be maintained during hot-work operations, and for not less than 30 minutes following completion of the operation. See Hot-Work Permit, on Hanover s Risk Solutions website for additional information on this topic. Lightning protection should be considered for outside storage areas in regions highly susceptible to lightning strikes. Lightning protection should be installed in accordance with NFPA 780, Standard for the Installation of Lightning Protection Systems. References 1. Engineering and Safety Service. Static Electricity. FP Jersey City, NJ: ISO Services, Inc., Flammable and Combustible Liquids Storage Areas. FP Jersey City, NJ: ISO Services, Inc., National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Fire Protection Handbook. 20th ed. Quincy, MA: NFPA, National Electrical Code. NFPA 70. Quincy, MA: NFPA, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems. NFPA 13. Quincy, MA: NFPA, Uniform Fire Code. NFPA 1. Quincy, MA: NFPA, s c To learn more about Hanover Risk Solutions, visit hanoverrisksolutions.com The Hanover Insurance Company 440 Lincoln Street, Worcester, MA hanover.com The Agency Place (TAP) Copyright 2014, ISO Services, Inc. The recommendation(s), advice and contents of this material are provided for informational purposes only and do not purport to address every possible legal obligation, hazard, code violation, loss potential or exception to good practice. The Hanover Insurance Company and its affiliates and subsidiaries ( The Hanover ) specifically disclaim any warranty or representation that acceptance of any recommendations or advice contained herein will make any premises, property or operation safe or in compliance with any law or regulation. Under no circumstances should this material or your acceptance of any recommendations or advice contained herein be construed as establishing the existence or availability of any insurance coverage with The Hanover. By providing this information to you, The Hanover does not assume (and specifically disclaims) any duty, undertaking or responsibility to you. The decision to accept or implement any recommendation(s) or advice contained in this material must be made by you (1/16) LC

ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES MANUAL

ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES MANUAL Purpose Responsibilities Proper Storage and use of flammable liquids can significantly reduce the possibility of accidental fires and injuries. To minimize risk to life and properly, the requirements of

More information

Sample Written Program. For. Flammable Liquids

Sample Written Program. For. Flammable Liquids Sample Written Program For Flammable Liquids 1 Flammable Liquids. (YOUR COMPANY NAME) Purpose Proper Storage and use of flammable liquids can significantly reduce the possibility of accidental fires and

More information

Notes. Material 1. Appropriate Flammable Liquids

Notes. Material 1. Appropriate Flammable Liquids 29 CFR 1910.106 Flammable Materials Flammable Liquids Preparation 1. Read Applicable Background information and related Company Policy Chapter. 2. Make Copies of this Lesson Plan for Personnel 3. Make

More information

Flammable and Combustible Liquids. Slide 1 (of 23)

Flammable and Combustible Liquids. Slide 1 (of 23) Flammable and Combustible Liquids Slide 1 (of 23) Introduction The two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids are explosion and fire Safe handling and storage of flammable liquids

More information

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS. n OSHA Changes

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS. n OSHA Changes FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OSHA Changes Introduction This module covers the two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids: explosion and fire. In order to prevent these hazards,

More information

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS GAP.8.1.0 A Publication of Global Asset Protection Services LLC FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS INTRODUCTION National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents describe a level of fire protection

More information

In accordance with NFPA 30, these containers are not to store Class I flammable liquids.

In accordance with NFPA 30, these containers are not to store Class I flammable liquids. In accordance with NFPA 30, these containers are not to store Class I flammable liquids. Zurich recommends storing these containers in dedicated liquid storage rooms, detached buildings, or in listed dispensing

More information

OSHA Office of Training and Education 1

OSHA Office of Training and Education 1 Flammable and Combustible Liquids OSHA Office of Training and Education 1 Introduction The two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids are explosion and fire Safe handling and

More information

527 CMR: BOARD OF FIRE PREVENTION REGULATIONS 527 CMR 14.00: FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS, FLAMMABLE SOLIDS OR FLAMMABLE GASES

527 CMR: BOARD OF FIRE PREVENTION REGULATIONS 527 CMR 14.00: FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS, FLAMMABLE SOLIDS OR FLAMMABLE GASES 527 CMR 14.00: FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS, FLAMMABLE SOLIDS OR FLAMMABLE GASES Section 14.01: Scope 14.02: Definitions 14.03: Storage 14.04: Handling of Flammable Fluids 14.05: Handling of Flammable

More information

Warehouse Checklist. Warehouse Construction

Warehouse Checklist. Warehouse Construction PAGE 1 Warehouse Checklist Recent NFPA statistics estimate that in 1998 approximately 36,000 fires occurred in structures used for storage, accounting for $687mm of damage (over 10% of total fire damage

More information

Flammable Liquids Storage

Flammable Liquids Storage A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace Flammable Liquids Storage Introduction This guideline is designed to help you store flammable liquids safely. It is based on the requirements of the Ontario

More information

Queen's University Environmental Health and Safety

Queen's University Environmental Health and Safety April, 2009 1 SOP-Chem-08 1.0 Introduction This document is intended as a guide to the Queen s University requirements for handling and storing flammable and combustible material in non-laboratories areas.

More information

HealthandSafetyOntario.ca. Introduction. Storage Containers. Storing Flammable Liquids

HealthandSafetyOntario.ca. Introduction. Storage Containers. Storing Flammable Liquids Flammable Liquids Storage Introduction This guideline is designed to help you store flammable liquids safely. It is based on the requirements of the Ontario Fire Code, Part 4, and of the Regulations for

More information

Flammable Liquids Storage

Flammable Liquids Storage A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace Flammable Liquids Storage Introduction This guideline is designed to help you store flammable liquids safely. It is based on the requirements of the Ontario

More information

Flammable liquid classes: Combustible Liquid Classes. Class IC. Class II. Class IB F.P. below 22.8 C (73 F), boiling point at or above 37.

Flammable liquid classes: Combustible Liquid Classes. Class IC. Class II. Class IB F.P. below 22.8 C (73 F), boiling point at or above 37. BCFC Part 4 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Application: BCFC Part 4 Part 4 provides for the storage, handling, use and processing of flammable liquids and combustible liquids in buildings,, structures

More information

Flammable Liquids 29 CFR 1910.106

Flammable Liquids 29 CFR 1910.106 Flammable Liquids 29 CFR 1910.106 OSHA s Directorate of Training and Education These materials were developed by OSHA s Directorate of Training and Education and are intended to assist employers, workers,

More information

MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING SAFETY

MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING SAFETY STRATEGIC OUTCOMES PRACTICE TECHNICAL ADVISORY BULLETIN January 2010 MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING SAFETY Fire! Not an alarm anyone wants to hear, especially not when the fire is burning at a major fuel source.

More information

Ethanol Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations

Ethanol Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations Ethanol Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. ethanol vehicle and infrastructure projects. To determine which codes and

More information

Denver Fire Department Idle Pallet Storage Guidelines Per NFPA 13_Chpt 12

Denver Fire Department Idle Pallet Storage Guidelines Per NFPA 13_Chpt 12 Idle wood and plastic pallets introduce a severe fire condition. Stacking idle pallets in piles is the best arrangement of combustibles to promote rapid spread of fire, heat release, and complete combustion.

More information

Background: Purpose: Deputy Chief Gerard Mahoney; Chairman. 100 Smith Place Cambridge, MA, 02138 (617) 349-4944 Fax: (617) 349-4905

Background: Purpose: Deputy Chief Gerard Mahoney; Chairman. 100 Smith Place Cambridge, MA, 02138 (617) 349-4944 Fax: (617) 349-4905 Deputy Chief Gerard Mahoney; Chairman 100 Smith Place Cambridge, MA, 02138 (617) 349-4944 Fax: (617) 349-4905 Mailing Address: 491 Broadway Cambridge, MA 02138 Flammable Storage - Intro Date: 12/09/2009

More information

BP WIND ENERGY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

BP WIND ENERGY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES BP WIND ENERGY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Document Control Details 1.0 Purpose/Scope 1.1 This procedure provides the minimum requirements to be followed for the storage of flammable or combustible materials

More information

Static Spark Ignites Flammable Liquid during Portable Tank Filling Operation

Static Spark Ignites Flammable Liquid during Portable Tank Filling Operation Static Spark Ignites Flammable Liquid during Portable Tank Filling Operation No. 2008-02-I-IA (September 2008) Key Lessons for Safe Handling and Storage of Flammables Ensure that equipment, such as fill

More information

TYPICAL FIRE SAFETY INSPECTION VIOLATIONS

TYPICAL FIRE SAFETY INSPECTION VIOLATIONS TYPICAL FIRE SAFETY INSPECTION VIOLATIONS The following is a list of typical violations often found by inspectors and a generic solution. You can use this list to improve the safety of your facility, to

More information

Model Safety Program

Model Safety Program Model Safety Program DATE: SUBJECT: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Safety Program REGULATORY STATUTE: OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106 OVERALL RESPONSIBILITY: The (YOUR COMPANY) Safety Officer is. He/she is solely

More information

Section III Hazardous Materials Management

Section III Hazardous Materials Management Section III Hazardous Materials Management This section of the Everyday Hazmat User s Training Guide covers various types of hazardous materials commonly found in the USDA Forest Service. Federal regulations

More information

February 2014 Alberta Fire Code 4.2.6.3. Page 1 of 5. Fire Safety and Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Facilities

February 2014 Alberta Fire Code 4.2.6.3. Page 1 of 5. Fire Safety and Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Facilities FIRE CODE VARIANCE February 2014 Alberta Fire Code 4.2.6.3. Page 1 of 5 ISSUE: Fire Safety and Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Facilities This Variance covers alcohol based hand hygiene products used in healthcare

More information

Grounding and Bonding Against Static Electricity. Jon Koppari, CSP, MS Occupational Safety and Health Instructor OSHA Training Institute

Grounding and Bonding Against Static Electricity. Jon Koppari, CSP, MS Occupational Safety and Health Instructor OSHA Training Institute Grounding and Bonding Against Static Electricity Jon Koppari, CSP, MS Occupational Safety and Health Instructor OSHA Training Institute Objectives Identify Sources of Ignition. Identify Hazards associated

More information

Presented by: Rich Perry Marsh Risk Consulting

Presented by: Rich Perry Marsh Risk Consulting Flammable and Combustible Liquids Presented by: Rich Perry Marsh Risk Consulting What s the Big Deal? Flammable and combustible liquids are easily ignited Ignite with explosive force Burn readily and give

More information

SPORTING AMMUNITION PRIMERS. Properties, Handling & Storage for Handloading. 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, CT 06470-2359

SPORTING AMMUNITION PRIMERS. Properties, Handling & Storage for Handloading. 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, CT 06470-2359 SPORTING AMMUNITION PRIMERS Properties, Handling & Storage for Handloading 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, CT 06470-2359 This leaflet has been prepared by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers Institute

More information

Insight. Storage Fires. Balanced Risk Engineering Solutions. Understanding the Risk. Commodity Classification. Storage Configuration

Insight. Storage Fires. Balanced Risk Engineering Solutions. Understanding the Risk. Commodity Classification. Storage Configuration Balanced Risk Engineering Solutions Storage Fires Understanding the Risk Many of the most costly fires occur in warehouses and storage areas, where often a high fire risk is combined with high values and/or

More information

HOT WORK PERMIT PROCEDURES

HOT WORK PERMIT PROCEDURES COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY HOT WORK PERMIT PROCEDURES COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER February 2010 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS A. PURPOSE 3 B. SCOPE 3 C. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 3-4

More information

Ontario Fire Code SECTION 5.13 DIP TANKS. Illustrated Commentary. Office of the Ontario Fire Marshal

Ontario Fire Code SECTION 5.13 DIP TANKS. Illustrated Commentary. Office of the Ontario Fire Marshal Ontario Fire Code SECTION 5.13 DIP TANKS Illustrated Commentary Office of the Ontario Fire Marshal Dip Tanks Illustrated Commentary 1 5.13.1. Location 5.13.1.1. Dip tank operations involving flammable

More information

OPTIONAL INFORMATION FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS SELF INSPECTION CHECKLIST

OPTIONAL INFORMATION FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS SELF INSPECTION CHECKLIST OPTIONAL INFORMATION Name of School: Date of Inspection: Vocational Program/Course/Room: Signature of Inspector: FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS Guidelines: This checklist covers regulations issued by

More information

TYPICAL HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INSPECTION VIOLATIONS

TYPICAL HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INSPECTION VIOLATIONS TYPICAL HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INSPECTION VIOLATIONS The following is a list of typical violations often found by inspectors and a generic solution. You can use this list to improve the safety of your facility,

More information

FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS. 1. All Floors (inspect from top floor to basement): Yes No

FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS. 1. All Floors (inspect from top floor to basement): Yes No General Inspection FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS 1. All Floors (inspect from top floor to basement): Yes are fire exits and directional signs properly illuminated? is the emergency

More information

General Fire Code Requirements Within Commercial Tenant Spaces

General Fire Code Requirements Within Commercial Tenant Spaces FIRE DEPARTMENT in cooperation with Scope: General Fire Code Requirements Within Commercial Tenant Spaces This handout is designed to assist owners, architects, contractors and others in understanding

More information

NFPA 30-2008: Basic Requirements for Storage Tanks

NFPA 30-2008: Basic Requirements for Storage Tanks NFPA 30-2008: Basic Requirements for Storage Tanks New York City Metro Chapter Society of Fire Protection Engineers New York, NY February 22, 2011 NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Storage

More information

An inventory of hazardous materials used in your workplace will prove useful.

An inventory of hazardous materials used in your workplace will prove useful. Introduction Fire Protection is an organized approach designed to prevent fires. In the event of a fire, a fire protection program will help prevent or minimize personal injuries, losses, and harm to the

More information

FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS

FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS FIRE SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION FORM FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS The attached self-inspection form is intended for staff use at regular, frequent intervals. It should not take the place of two other vital measures

More information

Technical Requirements for Aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs) Storing Class IIIB Liquids (other than used oil)

Technical Requirements for Aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs) Storing Class IIIB Liquids (other than used oil) Technical Requirements for Aboveground Storage Tanks (ASTs) Storing Class IIIB Liquids (other than used oil) References: Comm 10 2009 EDITION / NFPA 30 2008 EDITION ITEM DESCRIPTION Comm 10 / NFPA General

More information

Requirements for Hydrogen Storage and Use

Requirements for Hydrogen Storage and Use Requirements for Hydrogen Storage and Use I. INTRODUCTION Fire and Life-Safety Group (FLS) The following is a summary of the fire and building code requirements for the storage and use of hydrogen. These

More information

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS These guidelines provide requirements for all University faculty, staff, and students using, handling, or storing flammable and combustible liquids. These requirements

More information

STORAGE AND HANDLING OF FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS

STORAGE AND HANDLING OF FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS Page 1 of 10 STORAGE AND HANDLING OF These guidelines provide requirements for all University faculty, staff, and students using, handling, or storing flammable and combustible liquids. These requirements

More information

HIGHLY TOXIC AND TOXIC MATERIALS

HIGHLY TOXIC AND TOXIC MATERIALS CHAPTER 37 HIGHLY TOXIC AND TOXIC MATERIALS SECTION FC 3701 GENERAL 3701.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern the storage, handling and use of highly toxic and toxic materials and ozone gas generators. 1.

More information

GUIDE TO THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE

GUIDE TO THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE GUIDE TO THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE iii GUIDE TO THE ONTARIO FIRE CODE TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction...vii CHAPTER 1: History and the Act... 1 History of the Act... 1 Ontario Fire Marshal and Assistants...

More information

FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS COMPLIANCE NOTE

FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS COMPLIANCE NOTE Issued by: Heather Rice Page: 1 of 7 COMPLIANCE NOTE INTRODUCTION This document provides additional guidance to support the Arrangement on Flammable Liquids (Ref No. CYC/HS/A27) CONTENTS Section Topic

More information

c. As mandated by law, facilities must obtain and maintain valid zoning permits as well as permits for intended use.

c. As mandated by law, facilities must obtain and maintain valid zoning permits as well as permits for intended use. Walmart Standards for Suppliers Section 7. Health and Safety 7. Health and Safety Suppliers must provide workers with a safe and healthy work environment. Suppliers must take proactive measures to prevent

More information

Ch. 58 DIVISION D-O 34 CHAPTER 58. DIVISION D-O ORDINARY COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL, OFFICE OCCUPANCY GROUP CONSTRUCTION TYPE MAXIMUM STORY HEIGHT

Ch. 58 DIVISION D-O 34 CHAPTER 58. DIVISION D-O ORDINARY COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL, OFFICE OCCUPANCY GROUP CONSTRUCTION TYPE MAXIMUM STORY HEIGHT Ch. 58 DIVISION D-O 34 CHAPTER 58. DIVISION D-O ORDINARY COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL, OFFICE Sec. 58.1. Division D-O occupancies. 58.2. Separation and mixed occupancy. OCCUPANCY GROUP CONSTRUCTION TYPE MAXIMUM

More information

HOT WORK PERMIT PROGRAM TRAINING. John Braun

HOT WORK PERMIT PROGRAM TRAINING. John Braun HOT WORK PERMIT PROGRAM TRAINING John Braun 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.2 Purpose The Hot Work Permit Program has been developed for University employees that work on or around hot work activities. This program

More information

Guidance and information for using, handling and storing Hazardous and Flammable Chemicals in accordance with the U.S. Guidelines and Regulations.

Guidance and information for using, handling and storing Hazardous and Flammable Chemicals in accordance with the U.S. Guidelines and Regulations. Guidance and information for using, handling and storing Hazardous and Flammable Chemicals in accordance with the U.S. Guidelines and Regulations. Hazmat Manual @ A Basic Guide for the Handling and Storage

More information

Static Electricity. A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace. What Are Some Sources of Static Electricity? What is Static Electricity?

Static Electricity. A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace. What Are Some Sources of Static Electricity? What is Static Electricity? A Health and Safety Guideline for Your Workplace What is static electricity? What causes it? How is it hazardous? And, most importantly, how can it be controlled? All of these questions will be answered

More information

High Challenge Warehouse Fire Protection Strategies

High Challenge Warehouse Fire Protection Strategies High Challenge Warehouse Fire Protection Strategies Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Ordinary, Non-listed, Nonmetallic Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC s) Industry Perspective David P. Nugent, Valspar

More information

THE SAFETY AND CONSUMER STATUTES ADMINISTRATION ACT 1996. and THE TECHNICAL STANDARDS AND SAFETY ACT 2000

THE SAFETY AND CONSUMER STATUTES ADMINISTRATION ACT 1996. and THE TECHNICAL STANDARDS AND SAFETY ACT 2000 TECHNCIAL STANDARDS & SAFETY AUTHORITY 4 th Floor, West Tower 3300 Bloor Street West Toronto, Ontario Canada M8X 2X4 IN THE MATTER OF THE SAFETY AND CONSUMER STATUTES ADMINISTRATION ACT 1996 and THE TECHNICAL

More information

OREGON FIRE CODE Interpretations and Technical Advisories

OREGON FIRE CODE Interpretations and Technical Advisories OREGON FIRE CODE Interpretations and Technical Advisories A collaborative service by local and state fire professionals, along with our stakeholders and customers, to provide consistent and concise application

More information

NFPA 45 (2004) requirements that apply now

NFPA 45 (2004) requirements that apply now NFPA 45 (2004) requirements that apply now 5.4 Means of Access to an Exit 5.4.1* A second means of access to an exit shall be provided from a laboratory work area if any of the following situations exist:

More information

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES CHAPTER 38 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES SECTION 3801 GENERAL 3801.1 Scope. Storage, handling and transportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas) and the installation of LP-gas equipment pertinent to systems

More information

A Code Review for Emergency Generators and Indoor Use of Portable Generators

A Code Review for Emergency Generators and Indoor Use of Portable Generators A Code Review for Emergency Generators and Indoor Use of Portable Generators By: the Fire and Life-Safety Group (FLS) Fire Code requires that emergency generators be stationary generators. Therefore, a

More information

Hot Work Permit Policy

Hot Work Permit Policy Hot Work Permit Policy Environmental Health and Safety Department 800 West Campbell Rd., SG10 Richardson, TX 75080-3021 Phone 972-883-2381/4111 Fax 972-883-6115 http://www.utdallas.edu/ehs Modified: May

More information

CHAPTER 30 COMPRESSED GASES

CHAPTER 30 COMPRESSED GASES CHAPTER 30 COMPRESSED GASES SECTION FC 3001 GENERAL 3001.1 Scope. This chapter shall govern the storage, handling and use of compressed gases in compressed gas containers and systems, including those gases

More information

Building Code Clarifications - 7. Fire Resistance

Building Code Clarifications - 7. Fire Resistance Building Code Clarifications - 7. Fire Resistance 7.1 (15-12-030) Use of combustibles in Type III construction roof assemblies Code Section (15-12-030) Use of Combustibles was revised on May 17, 2000,

More information

Flammable and Combustible Liquid

Flammable and Combustible Liquid Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Challenges Christopher J. Wieczorek, Ph.D., FM Global David Nugent, The Valspar Corporation Global Research Update: High Challenge Storage Protection 27 June 2012,

More information

9/15/2011. Presented by: Jason Reason, CIH, CSP, CHMM Senior Industrial Hygienist Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration

9/15/2011. Presented by: Jason Reason, CIH, CSP, CHMM Senior Industrial Hygienist Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA Combustible Dust Inspections Presented by: Jason Reason, CIH, CSP, CHMM Senior Industrial Hygienist Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration Overview Background Information OSHA Combustible

More information

ESTIMATING FIRE PROTECTION WATER DEMANDS

ESTIMATING FIRE PROTECTION WATER DEMANDS GAP.14.1.1.0 A Publication of Global Asset Protection Services LLC ESTIMATING FIRE PROTECTION WATER DEMANDS INTRODUCTION What constitutes an adequate water supply has generated much discussion over the

More information

Formal Interpretation NFPA 30. Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code. 2012 Edition

Formal Interpretation NFPA 30. Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code. 2012 Edition Reference: 1.1, Scope F.I. 84-4 Background: Tank trailers and semi-trailers are loaded with flammable or combustible liquid and moved to a storage yard. There, the tank vehicles may be kept for days, weeks,

More information

SECTION FC 2706 NON-PRODUCTION CHEMICAL LABORATORIES

SECTION FC 2706 NON-PRODUCTION CHEMICAL LABORATORIES New York City Administrative Code - Title 29 New York City Fire Code SECTION FC 2706 NON-PRODUCTION CHEMICAL LABORATORIES 2706.1 Scope. This section shall govern the storage, handling and use of laboratory

More information

FDNY C14 Certificate of Fitness Quiz

FDNY C14 Certificate of Fitness Quiz FDNY C14 Certificate of Fitness Quiz Name: Date: 1. Who issues a New York City laboratory permit? a) Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) b) Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) c) Occupational

More information

LCT 1025 (08/08) Copyright 2008 Harleysville Mutual Insurance Company Page 1 of 5 All rights reserved

LCT 1025 (08/08) Copyright 2008 Harleysville Mutual Insurance Company Page 1 of 5 All rights reserved Bonding and Grounding of Flammable Liquid Containers Provided by Harleysville s Risk Control Department 800-523-6344 ext 8100 www.harleysvillegroup.com/riskcontrol Summary The movement of volatile liquids,

More information

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 40: Chemical Lifecycle Management Chemical Storage Asset Requirements Product ID: 223 Revision ID: 1487 Date published: 20 May 2013 Date effective:

More information

ALVERNIA UNIVERSITY OSHA REGULATION: 29 CFR 1910.252 WELDING, CUTTING, AND BRAZING ( HOT WORK ) SECTION: 3600

ALVERNIA UNIVERSITY OSHA REGULATION: 29 CFR 1910.252 WELDING, CUTTING, AND BRAZING ( HOT WORK ) SECTION: 3600 OSHA REGULATION: 9 CFR 90.5 WELDING, CUTTING, AND BRAZING ( HOT WORK ) A. POLICY. This procedure follows requirements set forth in 9 CFR 90.5.. This policy applies to all Hot Work operations being done

More information

FACILITY FIRE PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS INSPECTION CHECKLIST

FACILITY FIRE PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS INSPECTION CHECKLIST FACILITY FIRE PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS INSPECTION CHECKLIST Date of Inspection: Conducted by: Location: Reviewed by: Date of Review: Comments or additional corrective action taken as a result

More information

Overview of Hotel Fire Safety Requirements

Overview of Hotel Fire Safety Requirements Overview of Hotel Fire Safety Requirements in the Fire Code Susan Clarke, P.Eng. Office of the Fire Marshal - January 10, 2012 1 Agenda Regulation History - Hotels Fire Code Overview (Parts 1 to 8) Defined

More information

I.CHEM.E. SYMPOSIUM SERIES NO. 97

I.CHEM.E. SYMPOSIUM SERIES NO. 97 FIRE HAZARDS OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS IN SMALL CONTAINERS J. F. Siddle* Standards of fire protection for metal drums and smaller metal containers of flammable liquids have been well defined and have proved

More information

JOINT CBA AND SIA GUIDANCE FOR THE STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS IN SEALED PACKAGES IN SPECIFIED EXTERNAL STORAGE AREAS

JOINT CBA AND SIA GUIDANCE FOR THE STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS IN SEALED PACKAGES IN SPECIFIED EXTERNAL STORAGE AREAS JOINT CBA AND SIA GUIDANCE FOR THE STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS IN SEALED PACKAGES IN SPECIFIED EXTERNAL STORAGE AREAS 1 JOINT CBA AND SIA GUIDANCE FOR THE STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS IN SEALED PACKAGES

More information

Fire Safety Plan Contents: Fire Safety Plan

Fire Safety Plan Contents: Fire Safety Plan Fire Safety Plan Contents: Fire Safety Plan Introduction... ii Plan Cover Sheet... 1 Responsibility... 2 Fire Exits... 2 Portable Fire Extinguishers... 3 Emergency Evacuation Planning... 4 Fire Prevention

More information

GUIDELINE FOR SAFETY IN THE HANDLING OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

GUIDELINE FOR SAFETY IN THE HANDLING OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS GUIDELINE FOR SAFETY IN THE HANDLING OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS September 2007 Replaces the July 2004 edition 1. Purpose Purpose of present Guideline is to specify conditions for the safe handling of flammable

More information

HATFIELD TOWNSHIP. FLAMMABLE and COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS PERMIT APPLICATION PROCEDURES

HATFIELD TOWNSHIP. FLAMMABLE and COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS PERMIT APPLICATION PROCEDURES HATFIELD TOWNSHIP FLAMMABLE and COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS PERMIT APPLICATION PROCEDURES A flammable and combustible liquids permit is required to store, transport on site, dispense, use or handle flammable and

More information

NFPA 30. Aboveground Tank Installation

NFPA 30. Aboveground Tank Installation NFPA 30 Aboveground Tank Installation Chapter 4 Tank Storage 4.1 General. 4.1.1 Scope. This chapter shall apply to the following: (1) The storage of flammable and combustible liquids, as defined in 1.7.3,

More information

FIRE PREVENTION PLAN

FIRE PREVENTION PLAN FIRE PREVENTION PLAN 1 FIRE PREVENTION PLAN OSHA s Fire Prevention Plan regulation, found at 29 CFR 1910.38(b) and 29 CFR 1926.24, requires Northern Clearing, Inc. to have a written fire prevention plan

More information

TCC Fire Regulations Exhibits & Displays in Public Buildings

TCC Fire Regulations Exhibits & Displays in Public Buildings TCC Fire Regulations Exhibits & Displays in Public Buildings TCC Fire Regulations The purpose of these requirements is to maintain an acceptable level of fire safety within The Toronto Congress Centre

More information

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES CHAPTER 38 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES SECTION 3801 GENERAL 3801.1 Scope. Storage, handling and transportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas) and the installation of LP-gas equipment pertinent to systems

More information

Electrical Classification

Electrical Classification Electrical Classification Using NFPA 70 and NFPA 499 to Classify Hazardous Locations Electrical classifications are established in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, also referred to

More information

FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM DESIGN, ENGINEERING EXEMPTION POLICY FOR (Effective April 1, 2006)

FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM DESIGN, ENGINEERING EXEMPTION POLICY FOR (Effective April 1, 2006) State of Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance Board of Architectural and Engineering Examiners 500 James Robertson Parkway Nashville, TN 37243 1142 800 256 5758 615 741 3221 (Nashville Area)

More information

Mechanical Systems Competency 1.20

Mechanical Systems Competency 1.20 Competency 1.20 Mechanical systems personnel shall demonstrate a working level knowledge of the safety and health fundamentals of mechanical systems and/or components. 1. Supporting Knowledge and Skills

More information

NFPA31FuelOilPiping 1 Revised 3-1-11

NFPA31FuelOilPiping 1 Revised 3-1-11 NFPA 31 Fuel Oil Piping, Installation and Testing Chapter 8 Fuel Piping Systems and Components 8.1 Scope. This chapter shall apply to piping systems and their components used to transfer fuel oil from

More information

Wilkins Safety Group

Wilkins Safety Group H & S Guidance - Flammable Liquids See also: other pages INTRODUCTION Flammable liquids are liquids with a flashpoint of 55ºC or below and hence includes all liquids that are classified as flammable, highly

More information

EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREAS (ZONING) AND SELECTION OF EQUIPMENT

EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREAS (ZONING) AND SELECTION OF EQUIPMENT EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREAS (ZONING) AND SELECTION OF EQUIPMENT OVERVIEW ASSESSING THE RISK RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS CLASSIFYING HAZARDOUS AREAS INTO ZONES

More information

User s Manual & Safety Instructions

User s Manual & Safety Instructions User s Manual & Safety Instructions Assembling: Unpack the fireplace and accessories. Check the content for completeness and any damages incurred in transit. Keep children and animals away from the packing.

More information

Special events and tents Fire and life safety requirements

Special events and tents Fire and life safety requirements Special events and tents Fire and life safety requirements Section A - Temporary Use Occupancies or Operations Fire and Life Safety Requirements In order to provide a standard method of inspection of temporary

More information

Walking and Working Surface Checklist:

Walking and Working Surface Checklist: Walking and Working Surfaces Purpose: This information is presented to improve the level of safety in our operations, and to inform you that we will comply with the OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.23. Responsibility:

More information

SECTION 903 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

SECTION 903 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS Page 25 ABOUT CODE CORNER CCFS would like to remind you to check with your local Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) for questions and opinions concerning your local Fire and Building Codes. The information

More information

SECTION 1: GENERAL INFORMATION

SECTION 1: GENERAL INFORMATION Part 1B: Physical Chemical Properties of Selected Fuels SECTION 1: GENERAL INFORMATION DOT Number UN 1049 UN 1966 CH 4 8399%; C 2H 6 113% UN 1971 UN 1075 UN 1978 C 4C 12 C 8C 25 UN 1230 UN 1170 UN 1203

More information

Spray Booth Guideline

Spray Booth Guideline Department of Development Service 135 North D Street, Perris CA. 92570 Phone: (951) 443-1029 Fax: (951) 943-3293 PURPOSE The intent of this guideline is to provide the information necessary to ensure that

More information

Code Review for the Storage of Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Refrigerators

Code Review for the Storage of Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Refrigerators Code Review for the Storage of Flammable and Combustible Liquids in Refrigerators I. INTRODUCTION Fire and Life-Safety Group (FLS) This document was prepared to list the requirements for the storage of

More information

CHAPTER 30 COMPRESSED GASES

CHAPTER 30 COMPRESSED GASES CHAPTER 30 COMPRESSED GASES SECTION 3001 GENERAL 3001.1 Scope. Storage, use and handling of compressed gases in compressed gas containers, cylinders, tanks and systems shall comply with this chapter, including

More information

Flammable and Combustible Storage Checklist

Flammable and Combustible Storage Checklist Flammable and Combustible Storage Checklist Occupational Safety and Health Bureau Montana Department of Labor and Industry Prepared for Montana Employers by the Occupational Safety & Health Bureau Department

More information

Decree of the Ministry of the Environment on fire safety of ventilation systems

Decree of the Ministry of the Environment on fire safety of ventilation systems THE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF FINLAND MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT Housing and Building Department Decree of the Ministry of the Environment on fire safety of ventilation systems Adopted in Helsinki, 18

More information

Sample Return-to-Work Program

Sample Return-to-Work Program Hanover Risk Solutions Sample Return-to-Work Program To create your own Return-to-Work Program, copy and paste the information below into a word processing document, to which you may wish to add your own

More information

Fixed or Semi-Fixed Fire Protection Systems for Storage Tanks

Fixed or Semi-Fixed Fire Protection Systems for Storage Tanks Fixed or Semi-Fixed Fire Protection Systems for Storage Tanks In the early years of the oil industry, fire in a storage tank was a common occurrence. Virtually all products were stored in cone roof tanks

More information

Standard Operating Procedure: Flammable Liquids

Standard Operating Procedure: Flammable Liquids Standard Operating Procedure: Flammable Liquids Standard operating procedures (SOP) are intended to provide you with general guidance on how to safely work with a specific class of chemical or hazard.

More information

Extended Coverage Sprinklers

Extended Coverage Sprinklers Extended Coverage Sprinklers Welcome ASPE Wally Barker Sprinkler Systems 101 MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION The components that make up a sprinkler head are: Frame or casting Deflector Fusible element or frangible

More information