POTABLE WATER FROM RAINWATER HARVESTING

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "POTABLE WATER FROM RAINWATER HARVESTING"

Transcription

1 POTABLE WATER FROM RAINWATER HARVESTING Potential for Reuse in Seafood Processing Several fish processors have expressed an interest in potable water from rainwater harvesting. There are a number of key issues that must be considered in this case, and may be summarised as: 1) Regulation governing use of water in food preparation/processing (Dept. of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Food Safety Authority) 2) Volume of water available (roof area, rainfall) 3) Rainwater collection. Single or multiple storage points. 4) Rainwater treatment and storage 5) Quality control and quality assurance (incl. HACCP, S.I. No. 106 of 2007 European Communities (Drinking Water) Regulations Water testing. 6) Cost of installation and operation (payback on investment vs. continuing use of mains water only) 7) Planning Permission. Rainwater harvesting tanks may require planning permission. Objective: Size and cost a water treatment plant to produce potable water from the rainwater. Treatment Plant Sizing Storage capacity is based on plant demand and rainfall profile. Key parameters are the roof area and geographical location (see rainfall map). Above ground or underground storage, single storage point or multiple collection/storage locations influence cost. Figure 1: 1961 to 1990 mean annual rainfall in Ireland (Source: Met Eireann)

2 According to Met Eireann most of the eastern half of the country has between 750 and 1000 millimetres (mm) of rainfall in the year. Rainfall in the west generally averages between 1000 and 1250 mm. In many mountainous districts rainfall exceeds 2000mm per year. The wettest months, in almost all areas are December and January. April is the driest month generally across the country. However, in many southern parts, June is the driest. Hail and snow contribute relatively little to the precipitation measured. Sample Calculation Fish factory in South West Ireland Example roof dimensions: Flat roof 49,000mm x 22,000mm (1,078m 2 ) and the domed roof: 49,000mm x 13,000mm (637m 2 ). Total roof area = 1,715m 2 Table 1:Total rainfall in millimetres for 2010 at Valentia Observatory (source Met Eireann) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual Based on annual rainfall of 1,331.7mm for 2010 this meant that 2,283m 3 of rain fell on the factory roof. Not all of this 2,283m 3 is available for use. A more detailed analysis should consider variables including amount and intensity of rainfall, storage capacity, and yield. To calculate the potential collectable rainwater the following equation should be used 1 : W = (A x P x e)/ 365 Where: W = Average daily Collectable rainwater (m 3 ) A = Roof area (m 2 ) P = annual Rainfall (m) e = Yield coefficient For example: For a roof area of 1000m 2, with an annual rainfall of 1100mm the maximum daily collectable rainwater is: = (1000 x 1.1 x 0.81)/365 = 2.44m 3 or 2440 litres. So the minimum tank size required for this unit is 2440 x 7 = 17,080 litres and the maximum tank size is 43,920 litres. The actual size of the tank installed depends upon the water demand. In cases where demand is greater than supply, then the 1 S171 Minimum specification for rainwater harvesting equipment. Dept. of Ag. And Food; March 2011

3 tank size shall be towards the shorter storage period. There is no value in constructing a large tank to hold 18 days rainfall if the rainwater supply is only half or less of the actual demand. Using this equation W = (A x P x e)/ 365 W = (1078 x x 0.8) / 365 W = m 3 /d Therefore, based on current demand and the cost paid for water a cost benefit for the installation of an appropriately sized system can be completed. Note: Other potential catchment areas (process yards, car parks etc.) were not factored into this example. Capital Cost The cost can be broken down into two areas: i) Cost of collection and storage ii) Cost of treatment equipment Running Costs Depends partly on treatment technology(s) chosen (filtration, UV, chlorination, etc.). Energy costs associated with pumped distribution system. Quality Issues As rainwater may be contaminated, it is not considered suitable for drinking without treatment. Rainwater harvested from roofs can contain animal and bird faeces, mosses and lichens, dust, and other deposited pollutants. The highest concentrations occur in the first rain immediately after a dry spell. The concentration of contaminants is reduced significantly by diverting the initial flow of water to waste. Devices to achieve this are commonly known as 'firstflush' diverters, and are used to increase the chance that the large-particle residue that might accumulate on the collection surface is washed away from (and not into) the storage tank. Such a system also compensates for the fact that the initial minutes of a rainfall can include airborne pollutants being washed from the sky, and likewise minimizes contamination of the captured supply. Some Quality Issues: Risk assessment for food processing, part of HACCP. Bacteriological and viral contamination (bird and animal faeces). Deposition from boiler stacks (heavy metals, ph issues). Leaching from catchment area materials of construction (lead flashing, copper roofing etc.). Water quality standards (Drinking Water Regulations 2007). Testing regime.

4 Water Treatment Water will have to be treated to meet drinking water standards. It is envisaged that this may consist filtration for physical removal of suspended solids and chlorination and/or UV treatment for pathogen removal. Table 2: Some common uses for rainwater harvesting projects and associated treatments (source: Envirowise Guide EN896, Reducing Mains Water Use Through Rainwater Harvesting; Collecting A Valuable Free Resource And Reducing The Impact Of Runoff) WATER USE QUALITY REQUIRED TREATMENT OPTIONS Nurseries, sports grounds, gardens Toilet flushing Cooling (boilers) General cleaning Filter backwashing LOW: Water is not used for consumption, and there is a very low risk of contact. Water should look clean and be odour free. First flush diverted Coarse filter Laundry Cleaning of equipment or process cleaning Food processing Cleaning food processing equipment Substitute potable supply Water Testing MEDIUM: Water is not used for consumption, and there is a low risk of contact. Water must be clean and odour free, but not necessarily sterile. HIGH: Water may be used for consumption, water must be clean, odour free and sterile. All of the above, plus Fine filter (possibly membrane filter) All of the above, plus Pathogen removal and/or inactivation (eg UV treatment) There are up to 48 parameters to be tested in accordance with the Drinking Water Regulations Check samples are taken frequently but require a small number (13) of critical parameters to be tested. Audit samples are taken infrequently but are tested for the full range of parameters. Conclusion While the treatment of rainwater to potable standard is technically feasible, the cost of on-going analysis of the water for parameters specified in the Quality of Water for Human Consumption Regulations is a barrier. This cost is currently borne by the local authority in the mains water charge. The price paid for mains water significantly influences whether the capital cost of harvesting equipment and water treatment plant has an acceptable payback to the client.

5 Appendices SI 106 of 2007 (extract from Drinking Water Regs.) Point of compliance. 5. Subject to Table B in Part 2 of the Schedule, measurement of compliance with the parametric values specified in Part 1 of the Schedule shall be made in the case of (a) water supplied from a distribution network or a private source, at the point within a premises at which it emerges from the tap or taps that are normally used for the provision of water for human consumption; (b) water supplied by tanker or similar means, at the point at which it emerges from it; (c) water used in a food-production undertaking, at the point where the water is used in the undertaking.!

6 Rainwater Harvesting at IPPCL Facilities 1. In 2008 Shannonside Galvanizing, Drombana, Co. Limerick, actively practiced rainwater harvesting at its Plant (ref. AER 2008, EPA IPPCL No ). This collected water was used primarily in the cooling tank and process tanks. 2. Pfizer Ireland Pharmaceuticals, Dublin Sterile Operations (ref. AER 2009, IPPC Licence P ): Rainwater Harvesting Project: Investigate the potential for collecting rainwater on-site and re-using it as a supply of service water so as to result in the potential annual savings of approximately 22,000m3 of water.

HOSPIRA (HSP US) HISTORICAL COMMON STOCK PRICE INFORMATION

HOSPIRA (HSP US) HISTORICAL COMMON STOCK PRICE INFORMATION 30-Apr-2004 28.35 29.00 28.20 28.46 28.55 03-May-2004 28.50 28.70 26.80 27.04 27.21 04-May-2004 26.90 26.99 26.00 26.00 26.38 05-May-2004 26.05 26.69 26.00 26.35 26.34 06-May-2004 26.31 26.35 26.05 26.26

More information

Median and Average Sales Prices of New Homes Sold in United States

Median and Average Sales Prices of New Homes Sold in United States Jan 1963 $17,200 (NA) Feb 1963 $17,700 (NA) Mar 1963 $18,200 (NA) Apr 1963 $18,200 (NA) May 1963 $17,500 (NA) Jun 1963 $18,000 (NA) Jul 1963 $18,400 (NA) Aug 1963 $17,800 (NA) Sep 1963 $17,900 (NA) Oct

More information

THE UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON

THE UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON JANUARY Jan 1 6.44 8.24 12.23 2.17 4.06 5.46 Jan 2 6.44 8.24 12.24 2.20 4.07 5.47 Jan 3 6.44 8.24 12.24 2.21 4.08 5.48 Jan 4 6.44 8.24 12.25 2.22 4.09 5.49 Jan 5 6.43 8.23 12.25 2.24 4.10 5.50 Jan 6 6.43

More information

AT&T Global Network Client for Windows Product Support Matrix January 29, 2015

AT&T Global Network Client for Windows Product Support Matrix January 29, 2015 AT&T Global Network Client for Windows Product Support Matrix January 29, 2015 Product Support Matrix Following is the Product Support Matrix for the AT&T Global Network Client. See the AT&T Global Network

More information

NAV HISTORY OF DBH FIRST MUTUAL FUND (DBH1STMF)

NAV HISTORY OF DBH FIRST MUTUAL FUND (DBH1STMF) NAV HISTORY OF DBH FIRST MUTUAL FUND () Date NAV 11-Aug-16 10.68 8.66 0.38% -0.07% 0.45% 3.81% 04-Aug-16 10.64 8.66-0.19% 0.87% -1.05% 3.76% 28-Jul-16 10.66 8.59 0.00% -0.34% 0.34% 3.89% 21-Jul-16 10.66

More information

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS*

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS* COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) 2 Fixed Rates Variable Rates FIXED RATES OF THE PAST 25 YEARS AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDING RATE - 5 YEAR* (Per cent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

More information

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS*

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS* COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) 2 Fixed Rates Variable Rates FIXED RATES OF THE PAST 25 YEARS AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDING RATE - 5 YEAR* (Per cent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

More information

Rainwater Harvesting Systems Cernunnos Homes Version 1.0

Rainwater Harvesting Systems Cernunnos Homes Version 1.0 Rainwater Harvesting Systems Cernunnos Homes Version 1.0 On average a UK citizen consumes around 150 litres of mains water per day. Installing water saving devices such as aerated taps; shower heads; and

More information

Frequently asked questions about Rain Water Harvesting.

Frequently asked questions about Rain Water Harvesting. Frequently asked questions about Rain Water Harvesting. What is rainwater harvesting? It is the collection of rainwater from roofs that would otherwise flow down gutters into the drain. Rainwater is stored

More information

Sustainable Water Supply and Demand in the U.S. Virgin Islands

Sustainable Water Supply and Demand in the U.S. Virgin Islands Sustainable Water Supply and Demand in the U.S. Virgin Islands Mandatory Law of Cistern Construction for Rainwater Harvesting and Desalination Lesson for Sustainable Freshwater Supply for the World Hossana

More information

MANUAL ON ROOFTOP RAINWATER HARVESTING SYSTEMS IN SCHOOLS

MANUAL ON ROOFTOP RAINWATER HARVESTING SYSTEMS IN SCHOOLS MANUAL ON ROOFTOP RAINWATER HARVESTING SYSTEMS IN SCHOOLS MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE, POST STORAGE TREATMENT PROCEDURE AND PRECAUTIONS www.arghyam.org www.rainwaterclub.org Introduction: The Government of Karnataka

More information

Analysis One Code Desc. Transaction Amount. Fiscal Period

Analysis One Code Desc. Transaction Amount. Fiscal Period Analysis One Code Desc Transaction Amount Fiscal Period 57.63 Oct-12 12.13 Oct-12-38.90 Oct-12-773.00 Oct-12-800.00 Oct-12-187.00 Oct-12-82.00 Oct-12-82.00 Oct-12-110.00 Oct-12-1115.25 Oct-12-71.00 Oct-12-41.00

More information

Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 1 of 138. Exhibit 8

Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 1 of 138. Exhibit 8 Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 1 of 138 Exhibit 8 Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 2 of 138 Domain Name: CELLULARVERISON.COM Updated Date: 12-dec-2007

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting by Norma Khoury-Nolde n.khoury-nolde@nolde-partner.de Germany What is rainwater harvesting? Rainwater harvesting is a technology used to collect, convey and store rain for later use

More information

ANNEXURE 1 STATUS OF 518 DEMAT REQUESTS PENDING WITH NSDL

ANNEXURE 1 STATUS OF 518 DEMAT REQUESTS PENDING WITH NSDL ANNEXURE 1 STATUS OF 518 DEMAT REQUESTS PENDING WITH NSDL Sr. No. Demat Request No.(DRN) DP ID Client ID Date of Demat Request Received Quantity Requested Date of Demat Request Processed No. of days of

More information

Enhanced Vessel Traffic Management System Booking Slots Available and Vessels Booked per Day From 12-JAN-2016 To 30-JUN-2017

Enhanced Vessel Traffic Management System Booking Slots Available and Vessels Booked per Day From 12-JAN-2016 To 30-JUN-2017 From -JAN- To -JUN- -JAN- VIRP Page Period Period Period -JAN- 8 -JAN- 8 9 -JAN- 8 8 -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- 8-JAN- 9-JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- 8-JAN- 9-JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -FEB- : days

More information

Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change

Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change 2 nd Ed. 1 st Rev. (Galashiels) for Climate Change Opportunity or Threat? event in St Boswells, 4 th May 27 LADSS Research Project (www.macaulay.ac.uk/ladss),

More information

COE BIDDING RESULTS 2009 Category B Cars >1600 cc

COE BIDDING RESULTS 2009 Category B Cars >1600 cc Quota System A COE BIDDING RESULTS 2009 B Jan-2009 Quota 1,839 1,839 1,100 1,099 274 268 409 411 767 758 Successful bids 1,784 1,832 1,100 1,097 274 260 401 386 763 748 Bids received 2,541 2,109 1,332

More information

S&P Year Rolling Period Total Returns

S&P Year Rolling Period Total Returns S&P 500 10 Year Rolling Period Total Returns Summary: 1926 June 2013 700% 600% 500% 400% 300% 200% 100% 0% 100% Scatter chart of all 931 ten year periods. There were 931 ten year rolling periods from January

More information

Polypipe Continuing Professional Development. Rainwater Harvesting In The Sustainable Environment

Polypipe Continuing Professional Development. Rainwater Harvesting In The Sustainable Environment Polypipe Continuing Professional Development Rainwater Harvesting In The Sustainable Environment Introduction to Polypipe Terrain Aims and Objectives The Sustainable Environment The Concept of Rainwater

More information

RETICULATED RECYCLED WATER SCHEMES OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS. Duncan Wallis. RM Consulting Group

RETICULATED RECYCLED WATER SCHEMES OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS. Duncan Wallis. RM Consulting Group RETICULATED RECYCLED WATER SCHEMES OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS Paper Presented by: Duncan Wallis Author: Duncan Wallis, Senior Consultant, RM Consulting Group 72 nd Annual Water Industry Engineers and Operators

More information

EMPLOYER S LIABILITY CLAIMS

EMPLOYER S LIABILITY CLAIMS EMPLOYER S LIABILITY CLAIMS Opened date Subtype Incident date Location (type) Description Status Damages Jan-09 EMPLO Dec-08 Injured by defective equipment. Settled 2,750.00 Jan-09 EMPLO Nov-08 Department

More information

Introduction to Rainwater Harvesting. Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas A&M University

Introduction to Rainwater Harvesting. Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas A&M University Introduction to Rainwater Harvesting Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas A&M University Rainfall in your watershed What is a watershed? An area of land that drains to a common point

More information

Purpose of the water security outlook

Purpose of the water security outlook Water Security Outlook December 2015 Purpose of the water security outlook The Water Security Outlook (WSO) is an annual update to Barwon Water s Water Supply Demand Strategy (WSDS), published in 2012.

More information

SINTEX RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM FOR DRINKING WATER/ REUSE

SINTEX RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM FOR DRINKING WATER/ REUSE SINTEX RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM FOR DRINKING WATER/ REUSE Sintex Sintex Industries Limited has been in the forefront of innovations in the field of plastics for over 30 years. With 12 different processes

More information

PRODUCT SELECTOR Pollution Control, Pumping and Rainwater Harvesting Systems

PRODUCT SELECTOR Pollution Control, Pumping and Rainwater Harvesting Systems PRODUCT SELECTOR Pollution Control, Pumping and Rainwater Harvesting Systems PACKAGE SEWAGE TREATMENT SYSTEM Clearwater treatment plants are ideal for single houses and employ the well proven aerobic biological

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting With climate change now a reality rather than a speculated possibility, the demand on water resources has gone up, whilst the amount of water available for supply has gone down. Forth

More information

Sea Water Heat Pump Project

Sea Water Heat Pump Project Sea Water Heat Pump Project Alaska SeaLife Center, Seward, AK Presenter: Andy Baker, PE, YourCleanEnergy LLC Also Present is ASLC Operations Manager: Darryl Schaefermeyer ACEP Rural Energy Conference Forum

More information

Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Domestic Applications

Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Domestic Applications Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Domestic Applications Rainwater Harvesting The portfolio of Rainwater Harvesting products offer economical solutions for water conservation in the home and garden. Detailed

More information

CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PERMIT RISK ASSESSMENT R-FACTOR CALCULATION NOTIFICATION

CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PERMIT RISK ASSESSMENT R-FACTOR CALCULATION NOTIFICATION CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PERMIT RISK ASSESSMENT R-FACTOR CALCULATION NOTIFICATION NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (NPDES) GENERAL PERMIT FOR STORM WATER DISCHARGES ASSOCIATED WITH CONSTRUCTION

More information

Making sure your private water supply is safe Rainwater

Making sure your private water supply is safe Rainwater Making sure your private water supply is safe: Rainwater 1 Making sure your private water supply is safe Rainwater Many businesses and community groups use a private water supply for drinking water or

More information

Pollution Control NEW! NEW! Stormwater Attenuation Systems Sustainable Urban Drainage Solutions for Domestic & Commercial Applications. klargester.

Pollution Control NEW! NEW! Stormwater Attenuation Systems Sustainable Urban Drainage Solutions for Domestic & Commercial Applications. klargester. Pollution Control NEW! NEW! Stormwater Attenuation Systems Sustainable Urban Drainage Solutions for Domestic & Commercial Applications klargester.com Stormwater Attenuation Systems Sustainable Urban Drainage

More information

Energy Savings from Business Energy Feedback

Energy Savings from Business Energy Feedback Energy Savings from Business Energy Feedback Behavior, Energy, and Climate Change Conference 2015 October 21, 2015 Jim Stewart, Ph.D. INTRODUCTION 2 Study Background Xcel Energy runs the Business Energy

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Calke Abbey gardens, Derbyshire Sustainable technology case study n rainwater harvesting n collecting from garden buildings, glass houses and Orangery n saving on mains water n submersible Hydroforce pump

More information

Department of Planning Report for Riverstone and Alex Avenue Precincts

Department of Planning Report for Riverstone and Alex Avenue Precincts Department of Planning Report for Riverstone and Alex Avenue Precincts Post Exhibition Flooding and Water Cycle Management (incl. Climate Change impact on Flooding) May 2010 Contents 1. Background 1 1.1

More information

Ashley Institute of Training Schedule of VET Tuition Fees 2015

Ashley Institute of Training Schedule of VET Tuition Fees 2015 Ashley Institute of Training Schedule of VET Fees Year of Study Group ID:DECE15G1 Total Course Fees $ 12,000 29-Aug- 17-Oct- 50 14-Sep- 0.167 blended various $2,000 CHC02 Best practice 24-Oct- 12-Dec-

More information

Augmenting Rainwater Harvesting to Offset Potable Water for Irrigation and Indoor Use within the Tampa Bay Region A Best Management Practice

Augmenting Rainwater Harvesting to Offset Potable Water for Irrigation and Indoor Use within the Tampa Bay Region A Best Management Practice Augmenting Rainwater Harvesting to Offset Potable Water for Irrigation and Indoor Use within the Tampa Bay Region A Best Management Practice Tampa Bay Water May 23, 2011 1 Table of Contents Section 1:

More information

Section 8 of the Drinking Water Protection Regulation prescribes monitoring requirements.

Section 8 of the Drinking Water Protection Regulation prescribes monitoring requirements. Page 1 of 5 GUIDELINE Guideline for Bulk Water Hauling SECTION Environmental Health Services AUTHORIZATION Director, Health Protection DATE APPROVED DATE REVISED January 2010 INTENT Each tank truck or

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 4 NWS Call Sign: Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 1 Number of s (3) Jan 59.3 41.7 5.5 79 1962

More information

SUBCHAPTER 2D - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL REQUIREMENTS SECTION 2D.0100 - DEFINITIONS AND REFERENCES

SUBCHAPTER 2D - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL REQUIREMENTS SECTION 2D.0100 - DEFINITIONS AND REFERENCES 2D1-1 SUBCHAPTER 2D - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL REQUIREMENTS SECTION 2D.0100 - DEFINITIONS AND REFERENCES.0101 DEFINITIONS The definition of any word or phrase used in Regulations of this Subchapter is the

More information

AN ORDINANCE BY FINANCE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

AN ORDINANCE BY FINANCE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AN ORDINANCE BY FINANCE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND CHAPTER I. ENTITLED ADMINISTRATION OF APPENDIX C ENTITLED PLUMBING CODE AMENDMENTS TO ADOPT SECTION 1300 ENTITLED REQUIREMENTS FOR RAINWATER

More information

Translating the need for energy, water and food dynamics in security analysis as well as in operational and tactical implementation

Translating the need for energy, water and food dynamics in security analysis as well as in operational and tactical implementation Translating the need for energy, water and food dynamics in security analysis as well as in operational and tactical implementation Senior Analyst Annica Waleij annica.waleij@foi.se Swedish Defence Research

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 6 NWS Call Sign: SAN Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 100 Number of s (3) Jan 65.8 49.7 57.8

More information

Improving comfort and energy efficiency in a nursery school design process S. Ferrari, G. Masera, D. Dell Oro

Improving comfort and energy efficiency in a nursery school design process S. Ferrari, G. Masera, D. Dell Oro Improving comfort and energy efficiency in a nursery school design process S. Ferrari, G. Masera, D. Dell Oro Dept. Building Environment Science &Technologies Politecnico di Milano Italy Research funded

More information

Your private drinking water supply

Your private drinking water supply Your private drinking water supply While all advice and recommendations in this document are made in good faith, neither the Department of Human Services (Victoria) nor any other person associated with

More information

Water Storage Tanks. (Cisterns) Drinking water and your health. Water Hauling. Rainwater Collection. Construction Material

Water Storage Tanks. (Cisterns) Drinking water and your health. Water Hauling. Rainwater Collection. Construction Material Drinking water and your health Water Storage Tanks (Cisterns) This fact sheet is intended to be a general reference for cistern users. For detailed information on cistern construction and material standards,

More information

... introduction to rainwater harvesting...

... introduction to rainwater harvesting... ... introduction to rainwater harvesting... water-supplies under stress... Pressures on water supplies and the need to man- mains water supplies. age surface water run-off are placing twin pres- Conversely,

More information

16. Storm water drainage

16. Storm water drainage 16. Storm water drainage There are three principal ways to dispose of rainwater from roofs, courtyards and paved areas: storm water sewers, soakaways and collection in storage tanks. Storm water sewers,

More information

Where does my water come from? Harrisonburg 2013 Hardness Levels

Where does my water come from? Harrisonburg 2013 Hardness Levels Definitions AL (Action Level): The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow. MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): The highest

More information

Berkeley s. guide. Best builders. to Conserving Water through Rainwater Harvesting & Graywater Reuse for Outdoor Use

Berkeley s. guide. Best builders. to Conserving Water through Rainwater Harvesting & Graywater Reuse for Outdoor Use Berkeley s guide to Conserving Water through Rainwater Harvesting & Graywater Reuse for Outdoor Use Best builders A program of the City of Berkeley Green Building Initiative 2010 www.cityofberkeley.info/sustainable

More information

BUNDABERG FLOODS NOW THE MUD HAS DRIED FLOOD RECOVERY AT MILLBANK WWTP. Kym Kneebone. Bundaberg Regional Council

BUNDABERG FLOODS NOW THE MUD HAS DRIED FLOOD RECOVERY AT MILLBANK WWTP. Kym Kneebone. Bundaberg Regional Council BUNDABERG FLOODS NOW THE MUD HAS DRIED FLOOD RECOVERY AT MILLBANK Paper Presented by: Kym Kneebone Author: Kym Kneebone, Assistant Coastal Treatment Co-ordinator, Bundaberg Regional Council 37th Annual

More information

Water Recycles poster

Water Recycles poster Water Recycles poster The "Water ReCycles" poster is designed for students of all ages. It shows the natural water cycle and humans influence on water resources. Raincloud illustration The raincloud in

More information

Infrastructure Services Shetland Islands Council. Advice Note 3

Infrastructure Services Shetland Islands Council. Advice Note 3 Infrastructure Services Shetland Islands Council Advice Note 3 Aim This advice note is produced to highlight that the disposal of surface water requires early consideration in the development process.

More information

Air power at Dingle Waste Water Treatment Plant

Air power at Dingle Waste Water Treatment Plant Air power at Dingle Waste Water Treatment Plant Building on its experience at Killarney Waste Water Treatment Plant, Kerry County Council introduced a fine bubble diffused aeration system at its treatment

More information

RainWise Frequently Asked Questions

RainWise Frequently Asked Questions RainWise Frequently Asked Questions RAINWISE PROGRAM: HOW TO GET STARTED AND WHAT TO EXPECT What is the RainWise Rebate Program? RainWise is a program offered by Seattle Public Utilities and King County

More information

Toronto s Wet Weather Flow Master Plan

Toronto s Wet Weather Flow Master Plan Toronto s Wet Weather Flow Master Plan 1. The Master Plan 2. The Don And Waterfront Study 3. What the Individual Can Do Wet Weather Flow Management Master Plan 2000 Storm Presentation to Don Mouth Naturalization...

More information

New Jersey Private Sector Employment Up by 57,500 Jobs Over the Past Year Preliminary Data: July Employment Contracts

New Jersey Private Sector Employment Up by 57,500 Jobs Over the Past Year Preliminary Data: July Employment Contracts Media Contact Amanda Pisano 609-984-2841 EMAIL: MediaCalls@dol.state.nj.us New Jersey Private Sector Employment Up by 57,500 Jobs Over the Past Year Preliminary Data: July Employment Contracts TRENTON,

More information

Chapter 14 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 14 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 14 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Chesapeake Bay? a. it is one of many small

More information

Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water?

Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water? Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water? no 3. Can we produce new water? no, all the water on the

More information

PRIVATE WATER SUPPLY - WATER SAFETY MAINTENANCE PLAN

PRIVATE WATER SUPPLY - WATER SAFETY MAINTENANCE PLAN PRIVATE WATER SUPPLY - WATER SAFETY MAINTENANCE PLAN WHY ROUTINE MAINTENANCE? Compared to the public water supply, private water supplies are more likely to be contaminated with bacteria, protozoa, viruses

More information

save water, save money, save the environment Monsoon domestic rainwater harvesting systems

save water, save money, save the environment Monsoon domestic rainwater harvesting systems save water, save money, save the environment Monsoon domestic rainwater harvesting systems Welcome to Monsoon by Stormsaver Stormsaver is the UK market leader for low energy, money-saving and environmentally-sensitive

More information

Sydney Port Botany Terminal 3 Project Water Resource Management Plan

Sydney Port Botany Terminal 3 Project Water Resource Management Plan Civil Works Construction Contract Phase 1 1/8 Terms and Definitions The following terms, abbreviations and definitions are used in this plan: Terms Explanation SPBT3 Sydney Port Botany Terminal 3 CEMP

More information

CENTERPOINT ENERGY TEXARKANA SERVICE AREA GAS SUPPLY RATE (GSR) JULY 2015. Small Commercial Service (SCS-1) GSR

CENTERPOINT ENERGY TEXARKANA SERVICE AREA GAS SUPPLY RATE (GSR) JULY 2015. Small Commercial Service (SCS-1) GSR JULY 2015 Area (RS-1) GSR GSR (LCS-1) Texarkana Incorporated July-15 $0.50690/Ccf $0.45450/Ccf $0.00000/Ccf $2.85090/MMBtu $17.52070/MMBtu Texarkana Unincorporated July-15 $0.56370/Ccf $0.26110/Ccf $1.66900/Ccf

More information

RAUSIKKO NEW GENERATION DURABILITY AND SAFETY IN RAINWATER MANAGEMENT. www.rehau.co.uk. Building Solutions Automotive Industry

RAUSIKKO NEW GENERATION DURABILITY AND SAFETY IN RAINWATER MANAGEMENT. www.rehau.co.uk. Building Solutions Automotive Industry RAUSIKKO NEW GENERATION DURABILITY AND SAFETY IN RAINWATER MANAGEMENT www.rehau.co.uk Building Solutions Automotive Industry RAUSIKKO BOX FUNCTIONALITY BRINGS DURABILITY AND SAFETY The new RAUSIKKO Box

More information

11.0 DISCHARGES FROM SWIMMING POOLS...

11.0 DISCHARGES FROM SWIMMING POOLS... TABLE OF COTETS 11.0 DISCHARGES FROM SWIMMIG POOLS... 1 11.1 BACKGROUD... 1 11.2 POLIC OBJECTIVE... 1 11.3 APPLICATIO... 2 11.4 CURRET BEST PRACTICE... 2 11.5 OTES ACCOMPAIG FLOW CHARTS... 6 i 11.0 DISCHARGES

More information

Planning Guidance for Food and Drink Establishments

Planning Guidance for Food and Drink Establishments Planning Guidance for Food and Drink Establishments ENVIRONMENT DIRECTORATE, CIVIC CENTRE, 44 YORK STREET, TWICKENHAM TW1 3BZ Planning Guidance for Food and Drink Establishments Introduction This guidance

More information

Florida Department of Environmental Protection

Florida Department of Environmental Protection Florida Department of Environmental Protection Background Mobile vehicle and equipment washing involves washing at a location where vehicles are based (such as a trucking company, warehouse, bus station,

More information

DONOR REPORT WATER PROJECTS 2015

DONOR REPORT WATER PROJECTS 2015 DONOR REPORT WATER PROJECTS 2015 UPDATED: MAY 2015 ISLAMIC RELIEF USA WATER PROJECTS FUNDING IN PROGRESS. 2 URGENT WATER REPAIRS FOR GAZA FEB. 2015 - JULY 2015 LOCATION: Gaza Working with American Near

More information

Rain Barrel Water- Questions and Answers

Rain Barrel Water- Questions and Answers Rain Barrel Water- Questions and Answers What is rainwater harvesting? Rainwater harvesting is merely a tool, like rain barrels, used to conserve water. This type of concept is not new. The larger version

More information

Rainwater Harvesting and Water Conservation

Rainwater Harvesting and Water Conservation Rainwater Harvesting and Water Conservation Water in Phoenix Between July 2005 and June 2006, Phoenix residents consumed about 109 billion gallons of water Phoenix water is provided to more than 1.4 million

More information

Presentation to the Staff Subcommittee on Gas 2010 NARUC Winter Committee Meetings Washington, D.C. February 14, 2010

Presentation to the Staff Subcommittee on Gas 2010 NARUC Winter Committee Meetings Washington, D.C. February 14, 2010 Presentation to the Staff Subcommittee on Gas 2010 NARUC Winter Committee Meetings Washington, D.C. February 14, 2010 CenterPoint Energy, Inc. promotes the direct use of natural gas through energy efficiency

More information

Improper storage of potential pollutants will increase the risk of water pollution that may occur because of spills.

Improper storage of potential pollutants will increase the risk of water pollution that may occur because of spills. WQ-3 Best Management Practice (BMP) Water Quality Protection Guideline Secondary Containment Design and Operation Standards Section 1. Introduction According to the EPA, the majority of water pollution

More information

Maximizing Boiler Plant Efficiency. Presenter: Dan Watkins, LEED BD+C Sales Engineer Bornquist, Inc.

Maximizing Boiler Plant Efficiency. Presenter: Dan Watkins, LEED BD+C Sales Engineer Bornquist, Inc. Maximizing Boiler Plant Efficiency Presenter: Dan Watkins, LEED BD+C Sales Engineer Bornquist, Inc. Efficient Boiler Design Boiler Types Efficiency Definition Non-Condensing Condensing Maximizing Efficiency

More information

Innovation and Progress in Water Treatment Technology

Innovation and Progress in Water Treatment Technology Innovation and Progress in Water Treatment Technology Degree of separation of ultrafiltration Summary of the various processes The water will be pressed through the between the raw water side and the filtrate

More information

Commercial Rainwater and

Commercial Rainwater and Commercial Rainwater and AC Condensate Collection Systems Uses Landscape irrigation *** Cooling tower make-up water Toilet flushing Commercial and industrial processes Other non-potable uses Benefits Reduction

More information

Background. Need for more water:

Background. Need for more water: Rainwater Harvesting from Tucson Rooftops: Can we promote water conservation and protect human health? Nathan Allen, Angela Knerl, Jean McLain, Rob Root, and Leif Abrell University of Arizona Tucson PAG,

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Publication 426-125 Best Management Practice Fact Sheet 6: Rainwater Harvesting David J. Sample, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech Lia Doumar,

More information

Working for our future today. Water saving tips. Water saving tips for your home, garden and pool

Working for our future today. Water saving tips. Water saving tips for your home, garden and pool Working for our future today Water saving tips Water saving tips for your home, garden and pool From the bathroom to the backyard, there are some simple things you can do that could save thousands of litres

More information

Guidance on applying for approval of installation of a commercial onsite wastewater system

Guidance on applying for approval of installation of a commercial onsite wastewater system Guidance on applying for approval of installation of a commercial onsite wastewater system This factsheet is designed to assist you to complete an Application to construct or install an apparatus for the

More information

Town of New Castle Utility Department Introduction

Town of New Castle Utility Department Introduction Town of New Castle Utility Department Introduction Town of New Castle Utility Department Mission Statement Our commitment is to ensure that our customers receive high quality water and wastewater treatment

More information

When it rains, it stores! bruce@aussieraintanks.com. Rainwater Harvesting in Australia

When it rains, it stores! bruce@aussieraintanks.com. Rainwater Harvesting in Australia When it rains, it stores! bruce@aussieraintanks.com Rainwater Harvesting in Australia Australia Overview Geography: Tropical in the north, temperate in the south, desert in the center. Great Dividing Range

More information

Water Efficiency Self-Assessment Guide from

Water Efficiency Self-Assessment Guide from Water Efficiency Self-Assessment Guide from 1 Water Efficiency Self-Assessment Guide from Anglian Water Introduction More than 97% of the water in the world is too salty to drink, 2% is locked in glaciers

More information

How to Construct a Seasonal Index

How to Construct a Seasonal Index How to Construct a Seasonal Index Methods of Constructing a Seasonal Index There are several ways to construct a seasonal index. The simplest is to produce a graph with the factor being studied (i.e.,

More information

US Inflation Rate Consumer Price Index

US Inflation Rate Consumer Price Index 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Inflation Rate Consumer Price Index 14.0% 13.0% 12.0% 11.0%

More information

Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction for Dynamic Cropping Calendars in Indonesia Andrew W. Robertson, Dong Eun Lee, Columbia University

Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction for Dynamic Cropping Calendars in Indonesia Andrew W. Robertson, Dong Eun Lee, Columbia University ub-seasonal to easonal Prediction for Dynamic Cropping Calendars in Indonesia Andrew W. Robertson, Dong Eun Lee, Columbia University Rizaldi Boer, Ahkmad Faqih, Agus Buono Bogor Agricultural University

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 2 NWS Call Sign: SAC Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 100 Number of s (3) Jan 53.8 38.8 46.3

More information

Overview. Civil Engineering Crossroads. Sizing Green Roofs and Cisterns For Stormwater Management. ! Introduction

Overview. Civil Engineering Crossroads. Sizing Green Roofs and Cisterns For Stormwater Management. ! Introduction Sizing Green Roofs and Cisterns For Stormwater Management Brian L. Taylor www.mka.com Overview! Introduction! Why are civil engineers evaluating green roofs and cisterns?! Green Roof Stormwater Potential/Performance!

More information

Addressing Declining Elevations in Lake Mead

Addressing Declining Elevations in Lake Mead Integrated Resource Planning Advisory Committee July 23, 2014 Addressing Declining Elevations in Lake Mead 1 Meeting Topics Drought update Attribute finalization Interbasin Cooperation Intake Pumping Station

More information

THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF COURTENAY BYLAW NO. 2182. A bylaw to amend Storm Sewer Bylaw No. 1402, 1986

THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF COURTENAY BYLAW NO. 2182. A bylaw to amend Storm Sewer Bylaw No. 1402, 1986 THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF COURTENAY BYLAW NO. 2182 A bylaw to amend Storm Sewer Bylaw No. 1402, 1986 The Council of the Corporation of the City of Courtenay in open meeting assembled enacts as follows:

More information

Sierra Nevada Brewing Co. Water Conservation Efforts. Fred Strachan

Sierra Nevada Brewing Co. Water Conservation Efforts. Fred Strachan Sierra Nevada Brewing Co. Water Conservation Efforts Fred Strachan Butte County, Ca. Water Source! Underground Aquifer Source.!Utility is Cal Water.! Cal Water responsible for chlorination and overall

More information

CHAPTER 11 STORM DRAINAGE

CHAPTER 11 STORM DRAINAGE CHAPTER STORM DRAINAGE SECTION GENERAL. Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the materials, design, construction and installation of storm drainage..2 Where required. All roofs, paved areas,

More information

LANDSCAPING AQUA SPORT. Rainwater treatment using filter substrate channel. DIBt approval applied for

LANDSCAPING AQUA SPORT. Rainwater treatment using filter substrate channel. DIBt approval applied for CIVILS LANDSCAPING AQUA SPORT Drainfix Clean Rainwater treatment using filter substrate channel DIBt approval applied for CIVILS LANDSCAPING AQUA SPORT Drainfix Clean Application areas For the treatment

More information

TEA IN TURKEY Hamit Vanli

TEA IN TURKEY Hamit Vanli TEA IN TURKEY Hamit Vanli Turkish State Tea Board (Caykur) Rize Turkey Global Advances in Tea Science, 1st May 1999. pp. 143 to 148 Edited by N.K.Jain, Published by Aravali Books International (P)Ltd,

More information

How do you treat water based on water quality from different water sources?

How do you treat water based on water quality from different water sources? How do you treat water based on water quality from different water sources? Why? Authors: Wendy Lane and Kim Sciarrone Seattle Public Schools; Seattle, WA Water from different sources will contain different

More information

General Insurance - Domestic Insurance - Home Contents Storm water damage policy exclusion flood damage

General Insurance - Domestic Insurance - Home Contents Storm water damage policy exclusion flood damage Determination Case number: 227307 General Insurance - Domestic Insurance - Home Contents Storm water damage policy exclusion flood damage 4 April 2011 Background 1. The Applicants insured their home contents

More information

2016 Dry Cleaning Compliance Calendar

2016 Dry Cleaning Compliance Calendar Missouri Department of Natural Resources Division of Environmental Quality 20 Dry Cleaning Compliance Calendar Recycled Paper 12/2015 PUB001310 LEGEND OF TERMS APCP - Air Pollution Control Program EIQ

More information

Sunbury Community Health Dental Service Quality and Safety Report

Sunbury Community Health Dental Service Quality and Safety Report Sunbury Community Health Dental Service Quality and Safety Report Quality, safety and continuous improvement are at the heart of everything we do at Sunbury Community Health. We constantly work to recognise

More information

CONTENTS 1.2 POWERS OF AUTHORISED OFFICERS UNDER THE DAIRY ACT 6 1.3 VICTORIAN DAIRY FOOD SAFETY FRAMEWORK 6

CONTENTS 1.2 POWERS OF AUTHORISED OFFICERS UNDER THE DAIRY ACT 6 1.3 VICTORIAN DAIRY FOOD SAFETY FRAMEWORK 6 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 5 1.1 OVERVIEW 5 1.2 POWERS OF AUTHORISED OFFICERS UNDER THE DAIRY ACT 6 1.3 VICTORIAN DAIRY FOOD SAFETY FRAMEWORK 6 2. GENERAL PRINCIPLES 9 3. DAIRY FARMS 11 3.1 INTRODUCTION

More information

Water Conservation in Tucson Past, Present and Future. Fernando Molina Public Information /Conservation Officer Tucson Water

Water Conservation in Tucson Past, Present and Future. Fernando Molina Public Information /Conservation Officer Tucson Water Water Conservation in Tucson Past, Present and Future Fernando Molina Public Information /Conservation Officer Tucson Water Blue Ribbon Panel - May 6, 2010 Water Conservation - A Brief History 1912 Tucson

More information

Impacts of Government Jobs in Lake County Oregon

Impacts of Government Jobs in Lake County Oregon Impacts of Government Jobs in Lake County Oregon April 2011 Prepared by Betty Riley, Executive Director South Central Oregon Economic Development District Annual Average Pay Based on Oregon Labor Market

More information