# Practice: Developing and Using Models Crosscutting Concept: Systems and System Models

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Practice: Developing and Using Models Crosscutting Concept: Systems and System Models"

## Transcription

1 MS-ESS2-6 Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. [Clarification statement: Emphasis is on how patterns vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Emphasis of atmospheric circulation is on the sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting prevailing winds;; emphasis of ocean circulation is on the transfer of heat by the global ocean convection cycle, which is constrained by the Coriolis effect and the outlines of continents. Examples of models can be diagrams, maps and globes, or digital representations.] [Assessment boundary: Assessment does not include the dynamics of the Coriolis effect.] Practice: Developing and Using Models Crosscutting Concept: Systems and System Models

2 Task 1 Imagine you are going to conduct the following experiment. Follow the directions below:

3 Task 2 Answer the following questions about regional climate: 1. How could you use an isobar map to predict the wind direction and speed? 2. How could you use an isobar map to predict where the cloud cover would be? 3. Why do areas of lower pressure often have cloud cover? 4. Your cousin from Florida is moving to Michigan and is nervous about the cold temperatures. What advice would you give him/her about where not to move to in Michigan? Source:

4 Task 3 1. What causes air currents to form? a. Air currents form when cold air rises and warm air sinks. b. Air currents form when warm air rises and cold air sinks. c. The rising and sinking of air does not create air currents. Air currents form when cold air moves along the surface of the earth toward warmer air. d. The rising and sinking of air cannot cause air currents to form. Air currents form only because of the rotation of the earth. 2. Draw a model to explain your answer.

5 Task 4 Why is the equator hotter than the poles? A. The Earth has a spherical shape B. The equator is closer to the sun C. The Earth produces heat at the equator D. The equator has more volcanoes Source: e

6 Task 5 Describe how energy from the sun influences global winds. Your response must include the terms radiation and convection cells. Also, include the full influence of these two terms on global wind movement. Example response: Energy from the sun reaches the Earth in the form of radiation. Some of this radiation reaches the surface of the Earth and heats the air. The heated, less dense, low pressure air rises and is replaced by cooler, denser and higherpressure air. The movement of the cooler and warmer air form cycles at the points of high and low pressure latitudes. This cycling is known as a convection cell. Energy from the sun provides the heat to heat the air and allows for the movement of this air via convection cells. Source:

7 Task 6 How Can You Explain This? The Great Pacific Garbage Patch In the 1990s scientists began to notice lots of plastic debris in ocean gyres around the world. Gyres are places in the middle of large, circular ocean currents. As scientists began to investigate this phenomenon, they found an exceptionally large area of plastic debris in the North Pacific Gyre and called it the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. People around the world want to clean up the garbage patch. In order to do this, they need to know more about how the garbage patch formed. Low Concentration of Plastic High Concentration of Plastic Concentration of Plastic Light purple shows areas of lowest concentration of plastics. There is not much. Dark Red are areas of highest concentrations of plastics. There is a lot. 1. Look at the colors in the Northern Pacific. Describe the pattern of where you see the most plastic in the Northern Pacific.

8 (Task 6 continued) 2. The water currents in the North Pacific Gyre move in a circular, clockwise pattern. Draw a scientific model of how this happens and be sure to include each of these in the model: a. The Earth s rotation b. The Coriolis effect c. Differences in water temperature by latitude d. Density of water e. Convection currents Clearly label all model components. 3. Referring to parts of your model as evidence, explain why the highest concentration ends up where it does in the center of the Northern Pacific Gyre, according to the map.

9 (Task 6 continued) Plastics break down into smaller pieces when they are exposed to sunlight. This is called photodegradation. Small pieces of plastic can be eaten by sea life, causing large problems. 4. Thinking about the amount of solar radiation at different latitudes, explain how photodegradation would vary between the southern and northern parts of the North Pacific Gyre. Refer to the amount of solar radiation at different latitudes. 5. Based on your answer above, make a claim about whether tropical (southern) or temperate (northern) food webs are more at risk from plastics in the Garbage Patch.

### How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

### Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

### Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

### Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction

Chapter Overview CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.

### Middle School Phenomenon Model Course 1 - Bundle 2 Thermal Energy

Middle School Phenomenon Model Course 1 - Bundle 2 Thermal Energy This is the second bundle of the Middle School Phenomenon Model Course 1. Each bundle has connections to the other bundles in the course,

### The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading:

Seasons Vocabulary: The following words and their definitions should be addressed before completion of the reading: sphere any round object that has a surface that is the same distance from its center

### Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures Seasons & Sun's Distance The role of Earth's tilt, revolution, & rotation in causing spatial, seasonal, & daily temperature variations Please read Chapter 3 in Ahrens Figure

### 8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab)

These 3 climate graphs and tables of data show average temperatures and precipitation for each month in Victoria, Winnipeg and Whitehorse: Figure 1.1 Month J F M A M J J A S O N D Year Precipitation 139

### Planetary Energy Balance

Planetary Energy Balance Electromagnetic Spectrum Different types of radiation enter the Earth s atmosphere and they re all a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. One end of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum

### 6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that

### Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe

58 The Causes of Climate R E A D I N G Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe weather, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. You now know that oceans have an important effect

### The Oceans Role in Climate

The Oceans Role in Climate Martin H. Visbeck A Numerical Portrait of the Oceans The oceans of the world cover nearly seventy percent of its surface. The largest is the Pacific, which contains fifty percent

### Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

### Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Vol. 9 No. 5 Spring 2003 Editor: Lauren Bell In this issue: g Climate Creations exploring mother nature s remote control for weather and Climate. g Crazy Climate

### Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: WEATHER BASICS: STATION MODELS: MOISTURE: PRESSURE AND WIND: Weather

Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: air mass, air pressure, anemometer, barometer, cyclone, dew point, front, isobar, isotherm, meteorology, precipitation, psychrometer, relative humidity, saturated, transpiration

### Project TECHNOcean Lesson/Activity Plan

Heat Transfer Hayley Vatcher Anna Reh-Gingerich Murray Middle, 7th Objective: Students should be able to: Define and describe conduction Define and describe convection List some good conductors, and poor

### California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

### 2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. Which weather instrument has most improved the accuracy of weather forecasts over the past 40 years? 1) thermometer 3) weather satellite 2) sling psychrometer 4) weather balloon 6. Wind velocity is

### Lab Activity on Global Wind Patterns

Lab Activity on Global Wind Patterns 2002 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Objectives When you have completed this lab you should

### Geography affects climate.

KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

### FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Describing the Universe. LAB: Comparing and contrasting bodies that reflect light. POST: Exploring

### Ocean in Motion 2: What Causes Ocean Currents and How Do We Measure Them?

Ocean in Motion 2: What Causes Ocean Currents and How Do We Measure Them? A. Overview 1. The Ocean in Motion -- Circulation In this program, students will learn about the driving forces responsible for

### CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate

Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Chapter 12 in the Making Connections textbook deals with Climate Connections. Use pages 127-144 to fill

### Global Wind and Pressure Belts as a Response to the Unequal Heating of the Atmosphere

LESSON 2: GLOBAL AIR CIRCULATION Key Concepts In this lesson we will focus on summarising what you need to know about: The mechanics present to create global wind and pressure belts as a response to the

### Solar energy and the Earth s seasons

Solar energy and the Earth s seasons Name: Tilt of the Earth s axis and the seasons We now understand that the tilt of Earth s axis makes it possible for different parts of the Earth to experience different

### What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

### Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. California State Science Content Standards. Mobile Climate Science Labs

Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12 California State Science Content Standards Covered in: Hands-on science labs, demonstrations, & activities. Investigation and Experimentation. Lesson Plans. Presented

### Lecture 4: Pressure and Wind

Lecture 4: Pressure and Wind Pressure, Measurement, Distribution Forces Affect Wind Geostrophic Balance Winds in Upper Atmosphere Near-Surface Winds Hydrostatic Balance (why the sky isn t falling!) Thermal

### Anticyclones, depressions, hot & drought, cold & snow

AS/A2-Level Geography Anticyclones, depressions, hot & drought, cold & snow Learning Objectives: To describe and explain the weather associated with high and low pressure systems and their links to extreme

### [8] SA1.2 The student demonstrates an understanding of the processes of science by collaborating

Convection and Wind Levels Overview: During this project, students observe convection current by performing a lab experiment. As a result of this activity, students develop an understanding of the process

### Hurricanes. Characteristics of a Hurricane

Hurricanes Readings: A&B Ch. 12 Topics 1. Characteristics 2. Location 3. Structure 4. Development a. Tropical Disturbance b. Tropical Depression c. Tropical Storm d. Hurricane e. Influences f. Path g.

### INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 STD V WORKSHEET Page 1 of 7 SOCIAL STUDIES LESSON - 1. KNOW YOUR PLANET Fill in the blanks: 1. A book containing maps is called an. 2. A Flemish map maker,

### defined largely by regional variations in climate

1 Physical Environment: Climate and Biomes EVPP 110 Lecture Instructor: Dr. Largen Fall 2003 2 Climate and Biomes Ecosystem concept physical and biological components of environment are considered as single,

### MS-ESS1-1 Earth's Place in the Universe

MS-ESS1-1 Earth's Place in the Universe Students who demonstrate understanding can: MS-ESS1-1. Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses

### Heating the Atmosphere. Dr. Michael J Passow

Heating the Atmosphere Dr. Michael J Passow Heat vs. Temperature Heat refers to energy transferred from one object to another Temperature measures the average kinetic energy in a substance. When heat energy

### SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a

### Answers for the Study Guide: Sun, Earth and Moon Relationship Test

Answers for the Study Guide: Sun, Earth and Moon Relationship Test 1) It takes one day for the Earth to make one complete on its axis. a. Rotation 2) It takes one year for the Earth to make one around

### 3 Temperate and Polar Zones

Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

### The Atmosphere and Winds

Oceanography 10, T. James Noyes, El Camino College 8A-1 The Atmosphere and Winds We need to learn about the atmosphere, because the ocean and atmosphere are tightly interconnected with one another: you

### WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What role does runoff play in the water cycle? a. It is the process in

### CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

### Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Theory of the Tropics Earth & Solar Geometry, Celestial Mechanics The geometrical relationship between the earth and sun is responsible for the earth s climates. The two principal movements of

### Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY

Atmosphere SECTION 11.1 Atmospheric Basics In your textbook, read about the composition of the atmosphere. Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Most of Earth s atmosphere

### Noon Sun Angle = 90 Zenith Angle

Noon Sun Angle Worksheet Name Name Date Subsolar Point (Latitude where the sun is overhead at noon) Equinox March 22 nd 0 o Equinox September 22 nd 0 o Solstice June 22 nd 23.5 N Solstice December 22 nd

### Continents join together and split apart.

KEY CONCEPT Continents change position over time. BEFORE, you learned Earth s main layers are the core, the mantle, and the crust The lithosphere and asthenosphere are the topmost layers of Earth The lithosphere

### FOURTH GRADE WEATHER

FOURTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different reservoirs of water. LAB: Experimenting with surface tension and capillary

### ES 106 Laboratory # 3 INTRODUCTION TO OCEANOGRAPHY. Introduction The global ocean covers nearly 75% of Earth s surface and plays a vital role in

ES 106 Laboratory # 3 INTRODUCTION TO OCEANOGRAPHY 3-1 Introduction The global ocean covers nearly 75% of Earth s surface and plays a vital role in the physical environment of Earth. For these reasons,

### CHAPTER 3. The sun and the seasons. Locating the position of the sun

zenith 90 summer solstice 75 equinox 52 winter solstice 29 altitude angles observer Figure 3.1: Solar noon altitude angles for Melbourne SOUTH winter midday shadow WEST summer midday shadow summer EAST

### ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Class: Date: ES Chapter 10 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Scientists used the pattern of alternating normal and reversed

### The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

### The Ice Age By: Sue Peterson

www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (pulses, intermittent, isotopes, chronicle, methane, tectonic plates, volcanism, configurations, land-locked, erratic); concepts (geological evidence and specific

### Air Masses and Fronts

Air Masses and Fronts Air Masses The weather of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains is dominated by large masses of air that travel south from the wide expanses of land in Canada, and north from

### Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

### Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity

Earth Science Name Date Per. Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity 1. Explain the difference between Specific Humidity and Relative Humidity. Specific humidity refers to the actual amount of water vapor

### The Sun and Water Cycle

reflect Have you ever jumped in a puddle or played in the rain? If so, you know you can get very wet. What you may not know is that a dinosaur could have walked through that same water millions of years

### Activity 1.5 Ocean Currents, Jet Streams and El Niño Ocean Currents and Jet Streams A Hands-On El Niño

Activity 1.5 Ocean Currents, Jet Streams and El Niño 1.5.1 Ocean Currents and Jet Streams 1.5.2 A Hands-On El Niño PTK wishes to thank Carol McLaren, et al., and UCAR, the University Corporation for Atmospheric

### CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth This chapter is concerned with the nature of energy and how it interacts with Earth. At this stage we are looking at energy in an abstract form though relate it to how it affect

### Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, and Radiation

Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, and Radiation Introduction We have learned that heat is the energy that makes molecules move. Molecules with more heat energy move faster, and molecules with less

### Activity Title: Causes and Effects of Melting Ice

BEST OF COSEE HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES Activity Title: Causes and Effects of Melting Ice Learning Objectives Ocean Literacy Principles #1 -- The Earth has one big ocean with many features c. Throughout the

### Energy Heats Maine. Heat Transfer Scenes

Energy Heats Maine 1G G2 Energy Heats Maine Energy Heats Maine 3G G4 Energy Heats Maine Energy Heats Maine 5G G6 Energy Heats Maine Energy Heats Maine 7G G8 Energy Heats Maine Energy Heats Maine 9G G10

### World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography

Name World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography Term Identification Directions: Pick a word from the box that best completes the sentences below. distortion longitude Equator geography

### Earth's Interior. Convection and the Mantle Section 2 Summary. Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics

Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Earth's Interior Earth's surface is constantly changing. Earth looks different today from the way it did millions of years ago. People wonder, "What's inside Earth?" The extreme

### The Oceans Role in Seasonal and Longer Term Climate

The Oceans Role in Seasonal and Longer Term Climate Why the recent cooling is likely just the start Although, I believe ultimately the sun is the primary driver for the changes to global climate, the oceans

### Solar Flux and Flux Density. Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle. Solar Energy Incident On the Earth. Solar Flux Density Reaching Earth

Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle Solar Flux and Flux Density Planetary energy balance Greenhouse Effect Vertical energy balance Latitudinal energy balance Seasonal and diurnal cycles Solar Luminosity (L)

### 7613-1 - Page 1. Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions

Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions 7613-1 - Page 1 Name: 1) Equal quantities of water are placed in four uncovered containers with different shapes and left on a table at room temperature. From which

### Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it.

Name: Key OBJECTIVES Correctly define: asteroid, celestial object, comet, constellation, Doppler effect, eccentricity, eclipse, ellipse, focus, Foucault Pendulum, galaxy, geocentric model, heliocentric

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Natural Disasters 6 th Grade

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### 6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B.

1. Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface? 1) the distance from the Equator 2) the extent of vegetative cover 3) the degrees of longitude

### EARTH'S MOTIONS. 2. The Coriolis effect is a result of Earth's A tilted axis B orbital shape C revolution D rotation

EARTH'S MOTIONS 1. Which hot spot location on Earth's surface usually receives the greatest intensity of insolation on June 21? A Iceland B Hawaii C Easter Island D Yellowstone 2. The Coriolis effect is

### Heat Energy FORMS OF ENERGY LESSON PLAN 2.7. Public School System Teaching Standards Covered

FORMS OF ENERGY LESSON PLAN 2.7 Heat Energy This lesson is designed for 3rd 5th grade students in a variety of school settings (public, private, STEM schools, and home schools) in the seven states served

### Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Puzzling Evidence What evidence suggests that continents move? In the late 1800s, Alfred Wegener proposed his hypothesis of continental drift. According to this hypothesis, the continents once formed a

### CLIMATE OF RWANDA. Overview. Linked to other lessons

Geography S6 GENERAL PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF RWANDA Lesson 75 Developed by (Niwagaba Innocent) Subtopic Climate and factors influencing it in Rwanda Specific Objectives The learners must be able to: Describe

### 6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Name: Date: 1. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event. 3. The convergence of two continental plates would produce Which natural event most likely caused the crack in the road? island

### 1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 6. Which map correctly shows the wind directions of the highpressure and low-pressure systems? 1) 2) Which two

### ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation Reading: Meteorology Today, Chapters 2 and 3 EARTH-SUN GEOMETRY The Earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun The average Earth-Sun

### Earth s Surface and Heat

Chapter 6 Earth s Surface and Heat How does Earth stay warm in cold, empty space? Most of Earth s heat energy comes from the Sun by the process of radiation. Energy from the Sun enters Earth s atmosphere

### Lab Activity on the Causes of the Seasons

Lab Activity on the Causes of the Seasons 2002 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Objectives When you have completed this lab you

### Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere

BRSP - 10 Page 1 Solar radiation reaching Earth s atmosphere includes a wide spectrum of wavelengths. In addition to visible light there is radiation of higher energy and shorter wavelength called ultraviolet

### Climate Models: Uncertainties due to Clouds. Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Climate Models: Uncertainties due to Clouds Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography Global mean radiative forcing of the climate system for

### Introduction to Chapter 27

9 Heating and Cooling Introduction to Chapter 27 What process does a hot cup of coffee undergo as it cools? How does your bedroom become warm during the winter? How does the cooling system of a car work?

### The concepts developed in this standard include the following: Oceans cover about 70% of the surface of the Earth.

Name Date Grade 5 SOL 5.6 Review Oceans Made by SOLpass - www.solpass.org solpass100@comcast.net Reproduction is permitted for SOLpass subscribers only. The concepts developed in this standard include

### Section 1: Continental Drift

Section 1: Continental Drift Preview Objectives Wegener s s Hypothesis Mid-Ocean Ridges Sea-Floor Spreading Paleomagnetism Wegener Redeemed Continental Drift (Pangaea) Objectives Summarize Wegener s hypothesis

### Storms Short Study Guide

Name: Class: Date: Storms Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A(n) thunderstorm forms because of unequal heating

### The Balance of Power in the Earth-Sun System

NASA Facts National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov The Balance of Power in the Earth-Sun System The Sun is the major source of energy for Earth s oceans, atmosphere, land, and biosphere.

### 11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface.

11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface. Moving plates Three types of boundaries Imagine a single plate, moving

### SATELLITE USES FOR PURPOSE OF NOWCASTING. Introduction

SATELLITE USES FOR PURPOSE OF NOWCASTING Kedir, Mohammed National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia Introduction The application(uses) of satellite sensing data deals to obtain information about the basic

### Ch. 15 - Air, Weather, and Climate. Outline

Ch. 15 - Air, Weather, and Climate 1 Outline The Atmosphere and Climate Convection Currents Greenhouse Effect Weather Winds Frontal Systems Cyclonic Storms Climate El Nino Climate Change Kyoto Protocol

### Conduction, Convention & Radiation

Name: Class: Date: Grade 11A Science Related Reading/Physics Conduction, Convention & Radiation Physics Gr11A Pre Reading Activity Using prior knowledge, write the definition for each vocabulary term.

### Heat Transfer. Convection. Introduction. Natural convection

Heat Transfer Convection Introduction Convection is defined as the circulation of fluids (liquids or gases), either natural or forced. Hot or cold fluids can add or remove heat. Natural convection is caused

### STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

### CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles

CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles I. Air Temperature: Five important factors influence air temperature: A. Insolation B. Latitude C. Surface types D. Coastal vs. interior

### Formation & Classification

CLOUDS Formation & Classification DR. K. K. CHANDRA Department of forestry, Wildlife & Environmental Sciences, GGV, Bilaspur What is Cloud It is mass of tiny water droplets or ice crystals or both of size

### Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott?

Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott? In your notebooks, write RELATIONSHIPS between variables we tested CAUSE FIRST EFFECT SECOND EVIDENCE As you increase the time

### Hurricane Naming, Track, Structure Tropical Cyclone Development

Chapter 24: Tropical Cyclones Hurricane Naming, Track, Structure Tropical Cyclone Development Hurricane Characteristics Definition: Hurricanes have sustained winds of 120 km/hr (74 mph) or greater. Size:

### Water & Climate Review

Water & Climate Review 1. The cross section below shows the direction of air flowing over a mountain. Points A and B are at the same elevation on opposite sides of the mountain. 4. The graph below shows

### Changing Clouds in a Changing Climate: Anthropogenic Influences

Changing Clouds in a Changing Climate: Anthropogenic Influences Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography Global mean radiative forcing of

### Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1. Describe aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale

Exemplar for internal assessment resource Geography for Achievement Standard 91013 Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1 This exemplar supports assessment against: Achievement Standard