Indigenous Cultures: Maya

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1 Indigenous Cultures: Maya Indigenous peoples Natives of an area who have been conquered or dominated by other people who came to the area later. Traditional Culture Customs and ways of life handed down from ancestors.

2 Indigenous Culture: Maya Maya live in a cultural region known as Mesoamerica. Very advanced civilization that collapsed around 900 AD. Most Mayan s conduct subsistence farming because the soil is very fertile.

3 Mesoamerica is a cultural region that extends from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. What cultural factors do these areas have in common contributing to the identification of this area as a cultural region? A. A general area where a number of pre- Columbian societies flourished. B. Remnants of Spanish colonization in the 16 th and 17 th centuries. C. Common language D. All of these

4 Indigenous Culture : Maya Traditional Form of government. Don t send offenders away to jail, they pay restitution. Some still leave the community to escape poverty.

5 Indigenous Culture: Maya Most Mayan families live in simple one-room dwellings. Men work in fields and women stay at home. The traditional ways are changing to the modern.

6 Indigenous Culture : Maya Most are subsistence farmers. Mayan farmers cleared their land using slash-andburn techniques. Many spend part of their year working for wages on commercial farms. Migrant workers spend weeks or even months away from their families.

7 In Latin America, which of the following has been least likely impacted by satellite technology? A. Communication improvements B. Improvements in desalination technology C. Global Positioning Systems use D. Geographic Information Systems use

8 Which of the following is a significant environmental challenge to developing nations in South America? A. Droughts B. Sedimentation C. Toxic Emissions D. Deforestation

9 Indigenous Culture: Maya They blend Catholicism with their traditional form of animism. They use traditional medicine to relieve ailments.

10 Dealing with Extreme Weather: Hurricanes in the Caribbean Extreme weather Severe or unusual weather conditions. Natural disaster when great damage or loss of life occurs in an extreme weather event.

11 Extreme Weather: Caribbean The Caribbean islands extend from the tip of Florida to the northern coast of South America.

12 Extreme Weather : Caribbean Caribbean islands lie within the tropical zones. Slavery was introduced in 1600s as the Native population died out. Today agriculture still dominates the economy.

13 The Columbian Exchange occurred among Africa, Latin America, North America, and Europe. What is a lasting effect on Latin America from this exchange? A. Europe colonized the area. B. African cultural influence is evident today. C. Slavery continued on plantations. D. New products came from Africa that continue to be used today.

14 Extreme Weather: Caribbean The most extreme form of weather is the tropical cyclone (hurricane).

15 Hurricane Sandy 2012

16 Extreme Weather : Caribbean Weather is caused by interactions among heat, air, and water, with the sun acting as the engine that drives the weather machine. The steady movement of air or water due to convection is called a current.

17 Extreme Weather: Caribbean The movement of air and water around the globe is predictable. This predictable weather pattern creates prevailing winds, which are winds that blow in one direction all year. Earth s rotation curves these winds Coriolis Effect

18 Extreme Weather : Caribbean At the Equator, global winds are diverted north and south, leaving a narrow, generally windless band called the doldrums.

19 - Found between 5 degrees north and 5 degrees south of the equator - Sailors originally noticed the stillness of the rising air which was not blowing in any direction. -Officially known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The list above describes which of the following? A. Polar winds B. westerlies C. Tropical storms D. doldrum

20 Extreme Weather : Caribbean Tropical cyclones form in three oceans. Atlantic Ocean and eastern Pacific Hurricanes Western Pacific typhoons Indian Ocean - Cyclones

21 Extreme Weather : Caribbean Tropical disturbance cluster of thunderstorms that move together with the prevailing winds. Tropical depression When winds start circling inside a tropical disturbance. Tropical Storm When the wind speeds reach 39 miles per hour. Hurricane When the wind speeds reach 74 mph.

22 When trade winds converge in the region of the Intertropical Convergence Zone in Latin America, what is usually produced? A. Hurricane-strength winds blowing westerly B. Some of the heaviest rainfall on Earth C. The El Nino effect in the Northern Hemisphere D. A period of long drought

23 Extreme Weather : Caribbean Parts of a Hurricane Eye Calm spot at the center Eye Wall Thunderstorms that surround the eye Rainbands bands of dense clouds that swirl around the eye wall.

24 Hurricane Hunters

25 Extreme Weather : Caribbean The most destructive feature of a hurricane is the storm surge. A wall of water that is pushed ashore by a storm.

26 Extreme Weather : Caribbean When Hurricanes lose their energy (warm water) they die.

27 Land Use Conflict in the Amazon Rainforest Indigenous people have lived here for thousands of years. Modern day people want to make money off of it. This has led to land use conflict arguments about the best way to use the land.

28 Land Use Conflict Amazon Tropical rainforests are a type of broadleaf evergreen forest found near the equator, where the climate is warm and wet all year.

29 Amazon Land Use Some people come here to clear the land for farming and ranching. Deforestation Others come for sustainable development. Finding ways to use the resources of the rainforest without destroying it.

30

31 Which of the following correctly lists a positive economic and a negative geographic impact of deforestation in the Amazon basin? A. Logging and its byproducts create thousands of jobs, and indigenous people who live in these areas can take these jobs. B. There is a possibility that thousands of cures can be found in the forest, and erosion from logging is destroying the soil. C. Cities and transportation systems are growing throughout the region, and more medical and health care is available. D. More land is made available for agriculture and ranching, and there is a loss of land in natural habitats.

32 Amazon Land Use For 12,000 years native peoples have lived in this area. 1960s Brazil opened Amazon basin to development.

33 Amazon Land Use Rubber Tappers Sustainable Development in the Rainforest. Tap, or collect, the sap from rubber trees.

34 All of the following are ways that humans have modified the environment of Latin America EXCEPT A. Building of the Panama Railroad B. Burning of the rainforest for farmland C. Building winding roads through the Andes D. Studying the environment through expeditions

35 Amazon Land Use Loggers clear-cut whole patches of rainforest, which means that they cut down all of the trees in an area. Logging also leads to other development (roads).

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