Traffic management strategies to reduce air pollution J. Perez-Cerezo Environment, Transport & Planning, General Pardinas, 772 6;

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Traffic management strategies to reduce air pollution J. Perez-Cerezo Environment, Transport & Planning, General Pardinas, 772 6;"

Transcription

1 Traffic management strategies to reduce air pollution J. Perez-Cerezo Environment, Transport & Planning, General Pardinas, 772 6; Abstract Several European Governments and cities have developed strategies oriented to reduce vehicle pollution, with more or less success. Many initiatives have been undertaken or are on-going in this frame. A deep revision has been undertaken, that includes most of the European initiatives that are being developed. 1 Introduction Air pollution is one of the main priorities for Local and National Authorities. However, it is frequent that measures towards traffic (that main pollution source in most of the cities), do not only deal with environmental aspects, but also with the general characteristics of urban traffic to obtain, at last, a raising in people's life standard. This is why there are only a few number of measures that have exclusively environmental implications. Long term planning is a very important aspect to front the problem of air pollution, as cities which do not have a great problem could face situations such as those of Athens if a careful evaluation of the evolution of air pollution is not made. The strategies that are explained hereafter, are structures as follows: Traffic measures. Public transportation. Freight transportation. Alternative modes of transport. Tools to identify the most contaminant vehicles.

2 142 Urban Transport and the Environment 2 Traffic measures 2.1 Priority for buses and taxis These kind of measures could decrease the use of private vehicles, and thus reduce the number of traffic jams and the air pollution. Bus lanes are the most common means used to give priority to buses, which in some cities can also be used by taxis. Besides, modern control systems can be programmed to give priority to buses - which would be equipped with an electronic sensor - in intersections. The following table shows the environmental benefits of implementing these kind of measures, as well as the reduction in the time that trips take to passengers: Kind of Measure Time Decreased (%) Bus Emissions Decreased (%) Lanes in peak hours Only-bus streets Turn priority Although the decreasing of the bus emissions is very significant, its relative importance regarding all the vehicles moving in the city is quite small. This is why it could be concluded that measures that give priority to buses are more effective in order to improve the situation of traffic than to reduce air pollution. 2.2 Street lights control systems Several modern cities use Urban Traffic Control Systems (UTCS) that manage traffic lights in the city. Amongst the most common systems we have TRANSYT, SCOOT and MOVA. The implementation of those systems immediately increases the mean speed of traffic and reduces the number of acceleration-braking cycles, that reduces fuel consumption, and therefore, emissions to the atmosphere. It has been proved that TRANS YT can save up to a 3% of the fuel used by urban vehicles, SCOOT can save up to a 5% more fuel than TRANS YT in peak hours, as an experience in Worcester proved (Nelson et al., 1995). Besides, the implementation of these systems could improve the capacity of streets and the conditions of traffic. This may cause an increase in the use of private transport so, in the worst of the cases, air quality could enworsen.

3 2.3 Traffic calming measures Urban Transport and the Environment 143 There are several measures designed to slow down traffic and therefore increase safety in the roads. These measures have important consequences regarding the environment. Traffic calming measures include road closures, vehicle weight and size restrictions, one way streets, mini-roundabouts, priority changes, chicanes, carriageway marking, humps, etc.. Amongst these, we may distinguish between vertical and horizontal traffic calming measures. Vertical calming measures, and particularly road humps - the most spreaded kind of vertical calming measure -, are one of the most effective measures regarding traffic slow down and safety. However, some demonstrations developed in Austria (Kuntschen, 1994), proved that emissions raised in those streets provided with road humps (NO% emissions were increased up to 10 times, and CO emissions up to 3 times). This should be due to a change in the driving behaviour, as the number of accelerating-braking cycles are much raised. Horizontal calming measures - mini-roundabouts, chicanes, curves, etc. - are more effective when implemented together or mixed. These mixed measures have been successfully implemented in some areas in the County of Cambridgeshire. 3 Public Transportation Public transportation policies are usually including environmental aspects amongst their goals in several European cities. Public transport is mainly recommended in go and return journeys to working places in dense centers, for local shopping and for longer journeys between active urban centers. The main characteristics that should be taken into account when developing public transportation policies are: Quality of the service. Fares. Fare structure. At present, some technical improvements regarding fuels have favoured the decreasing of emissions from buses. These improvements, that are being implemented in the frame of the ENTRANCE project, are oriented towards to main directions: Buses using natural gas as a fuel. These buses are actually in service in some Spanish cities, such as Madrid and Valladolid. Buses that have an electric/diesel hybrid engine.

4 144 Urban Transport and the Environment 4 Freight Transport Freight transport has certain specific characteristics, so a particular study of this sector may be of interest. This kind of transport is widely spreaded in many European urban areas. For example, in Zurich it represented a 12% of the whole of the urban traffic in In the future, it seems that freight transport will be more developed than private transport, so its relative importance will raise. The European Union Directive 83/35I/EEC indicated that vans weighting less than 3.5 tons caused a 25% more pollution than private vehicles in similar conditions. This estimation proved the high level of emissions caused by freight transport. Several years after this Directive was published, the CORINEAIR emission factors proved that CO emissions coming from vans weighting less than 3.5 tons was around double than those coming from private vehicles. COST Action 321 (Urban Goods Transport), in which Environment, Transport & Planning participated, developed a report that comprehensively documents the initiatives that could be used to improve freight transport from the strategical and an environmental points of view. Some of these are the following: 4.1 Reduction of packing volume For many products the volume of packing materials is considerable. Some transports fully utilize vehicle capacity in terms of volume but not in terms of load (the so-called volume transports). Reduction of packaging volume may be achieved though improved transport quality, optimization of packaging, and through changes in customers attitudes. This may result in higher net loading rates and less truck trips and, therefore, a reduction in the use of energy and emissions. 4.2 Transport coordination A substantial part of goods transport in urban areas is individual transport, which is one of the reasons for the low capacity utilization. Optimal success should be obtained from this measure through the announcement by the retailers of their transport demand to a coordination center, in which several companies may participate. The main benefits that could be obtained from this measure are a congestion reduction, a local pollution reduction, safety enhancement, and a support to local and transport economy. 4.3 Regulation of load/unload periods The adequate regulation of these periods may have a certain importance. It is important not to deliver on peak hours, and delivery times could be different depending on the area of the city.

5 Urban Transport and the Environment 145 If special unloading areas were provided in certain urban areas, freight transport vehicles should not collapse traffic in those places where the road capacity is low. Besides, if this unloading areas were provided, surface parking areas would be reduced, so public transport would be enhanced. 5 Alternative modes of transport 5.1 Bicycle Amongst the most common alternative modes of transport, the bicycle is, perhaps, the most spreaded. The bicycle is widely used in some central Europe countries, such as Denmark or The Netherlands. It is easier to be used inflatand dense cities, where trips could be not too long. From an environmental point of view, bicycle is the ideal mode of transport, both regarding acoustic pollution and air quality. This is why the use of the bicycle will raise if: Safety is improved. Bicycle lanes decrease the number of accidents suffered by cyclists. However, it is not always possible to construct them, as central areas of many cities are too narrow. It was possible to park the bicycles in educational centers (schools, high schools, universities, etc.), public centers, working areas, etc.. Climate has also a great influence over the use of the bicycle as a mode of transport However, in Southern Europe, cycling is considered more a sport than a mode of transport. In Europe, there is a very high number of homes where at least a bicycle exist, and most of the journeys are normally of less than 8 km., so, in theory, the conditions are good in order to expect a spreading of this mode of transport. 5.2 Pedestrians Pedestrination of certain streets in the city centers is a normal strategy in European cities. There are several variations of this strategy, such as allowing buses and taxis to travel through these streets. Many cities are trying to increase their pedestrian areas, that normally count with the approval of most part of the citizenship. However, pedestrination is a measure that should be accompanied by others: if traffic is forbidden is certain streets, a chaos could be provoked in the rest of the city. In general terms, pedestrination should be accompanied by improvements in the public transport network. Otherwise, the global quality of air will not be improved.

6 146 Urban Transport and the Environment 6 Tools to identify the most contaminant vehicles Around the 60% of the emissions come from approximately the 10% of the vehicles (Fujita et al., 1993). This means that a scarce number of vehicles pollute up to 10 or even 20 times more than the average. In some countries, vehicles must go through periodic revisions in which their emissions are analyzed. Those vehicles that pollute more than a level established by law must be repaired. Remote sensing device (EPA, 1993) are instruments that can identify emission levels while cars are moving. An infrared radiation is projected across the road, and the device measures the CO and VOC's concentrations. Each car is identified with a video camera or a snap-shot camera. If emissions are higher than those permitted, administrative measures and/or reparation should be accomplished. This system is widely used in the United States, and it is starting to be used in certain areas of Europe with successful results.

7 Urban Transport and the Environment 147 References 1 Bayliss, D. Road Passenger Transport in European Transport, Institution of Civil Engineers, London, Bayliss, D. Urban Traffic Management. Policy and the Environment, OCDE Publication Service, Paris, COST 321 Management Committee. Measures to Improve Urban Freight Transport, Commission of the European Union, Brussels, Department of the Environment. The UK Environment, Government Statistical Service, HMSO, London, Department of the Environment & Department of Transport. Reducing Transport Emissions through Planning, HMSO, London, Dietrich, W Urban Goods Transport Planning, Technical Subcommittee of COST Action 321 "Urban Goods Transport", COST Secretariat, Brussels, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Remote Sensing, a Supplementary Tool for Vehicle Emission Control, Office of Mobile Sources, Fact Sheet OMS 15, Washington D.C., August Fujita, E., Croes, B, Bennet, C & Lawson, D Comparison of Emission Inventory and Ambient Concentration Ratios of CO, NMOG, and NO, in California's South Coast Air Basin, California Air Resources Board, California, Garcia Guemes, C Local Strategies to Reduce Air Pollution: an Approach to the British Situation, TRL, Crowthorne (UK), Kuntchen, J.M. Speed bumps cause ten times more pollution, AIT/FIA Traffic Commission, Munich, Nelson, P., Hickman, A. & Layfield, J. 77?f Environmental Assessment of Traffic Management Schemes, TRL (not published), Crowthorne (UK), 1995.

Cycling Promotion and Cycling Safety: Is there a conflict? C.Woolsgrove *

Cycling Promotion and Cycling Safety: Is there a conflict? C.Woolsgrove * Proceedings, International Cycling Safety Conference 2012 7-8 November 2012, Helmond, The Netherlands Cycling Promotion and Cycling Safety: Is there a conflict? C.Woolsgrove * * European Cyclists Federation

More information

Measuring the Street:

Measuring the Street: Measuring the Street: New Metrics for 21st Century Streets 1 Measuring the Street: New Metrics for 21st Century Streets New York City s streets are constantly called on to the meet new and varied needs

More information

Transportation Problems and Solutions. entitled, U.S. Population Reaches 300 Million, Heading for 400

Transportation Problems and Solutions. entitled, U.S. Population Reaches 300 Million, Heading for 400 4 Transportation Problems and Solutions 15 24 35 46 56 64 88 97 109 120 121 131 141 162 176 187 201 I read an article about population growth. In the 2006 article entitled, U.S. Population Reaches 300

More information

Climate Change and Air Pollution in the Transport Sector: Measures and Messages of Japan

Climate Change and Air Pollution in the Transport Sector: Measures and Messages of Japan Climate Change and Air Pollution in the Transport Sector: Measures and Messages of Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Government of Japan January 15, 2009 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,

More information

The challenge: tranform the Urban Mobility model to make Milano a more Livable city. Agency for Mobility, Environment, Territory - City of Milan

The challenge: tranform the Urban Mobility model to make Milano a more Livable city. Agency for Mobility, Environment, Territory - City of Milan The challenge: tranform the Urban Mobility model to make Milano a more Livable city Maria Berrini CEO of AMAT Maria Berrini CEO of AMAT Agency for Mobility, Environment, Territory - City of Milan Milan

More information

ICT-Emissions. Madrid, 9 May 2013

ICT-Emissions. Madrid, 9 May 2013 SUSTAINABILITY AND MOBILITY STRATEGY CITY OF MADRID ICT-Emissions. Madrid, 9 May 2013 STRATEGIC PLANS CITY OF MADRID PLAN FOR THE SUSTAINABLE USE OF ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE PREVENTION MADRID AIR QUALITY

More information

Academic Reading sample task Identifying information

Academic Reading sample task Identifying information A B C D E There are now over 700 million motor vehicles in the world - and the number is rising by more than 40 million each year. The average distance driven by car users is growing too - from 8km a day

More information

Cities of the Future. Land Use and Transportation

Cities of the Future. Land Use and Transportation Cities of the Future Land Use and Transportation The challenge Functional cities depend on transportation, but suffer from its consequences The transportation sector accounts for nearly 60% of CO 2 - emissions

More information

Sustainable Mobility in Aalborg

Sustainable Mobility in Aalborg Sustainable Mobility in Aalborg Kurt Markworth Chief City Engineer, City of Aalborg Aalborg Population municipality 194,149 Population urban area 121,540 Area 1,144 km 2 Policy Framework in Aalborg The

More information

Transport Demand Management

Transport Demand Management CITIES ON THE MOVE WORLD BANK URBAN TRANSPORT STRATEGY REVIEW Regional Consultation Workshop ECA and MENA Budapest, February 28 - March 1, 2001 Transport Demand Management Selected Experiences from Germany

More information

Electric Mobility in Europe. Dr. Gereon Meyer VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH Berlin, Germany gereon.meyer@vdivde-it.de

Electric Mobility in Europe. Dr. Gereon Meyer VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH Berlin, Germany gereon.meyer@vdivde-it.de Electric Mobility in Europe Dr. Gereon Meyer VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH Berlin, Germany gereon.meyer@vdivde-it.de EV and PHEV in Europe EV 2014 PHEV Country Motorbikes Passenger Vehicles Trucks

More information

Growth of Addis Ababa

Growth of Addis Ababa Growth of Addis Ababa Founded in 1887, and has expanded rapidly Now among the ten largest cities in Sub Saharan Africa Annual growth rate is 3.8% By 2020 population growth would reach to eight million.

More information

Cities for Mobility. World Congress 2008 City of Stuttgart June 1-4, 2008. The Transport System in the City of Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Cities for Mobility. World Congress 2008 City of Stuttgart June 1-4, 2008. The Transport System in the City of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Cities for Mobility World Congress 2008 City of Stuttgart June 1-4, 2008 The Transport System in the City of Yaoundé, Cameroon Presented by Mr Gilbert Tsimi Evouna Dear Mayors, dear participants, I am

More information

Urban road pricing: a comparative study on the experiences of London, Stockholm and Milan

Urban road pricing: a comparative study on the experiences of London, Stockholm and Milan 15th Global Conference on Environmental Taxation 24-26 September 2014, Copenhagen Urban road pricing: a comparative study on the experiences of London, Stockholm and Milan Edoardo Croci, Aldo Ravazzi Douvan

More information

Leigh Park Area Safety Scheme, Havant, Hampshire

Leigh Park Area Safety Scheme, Havant, Hampshire Traffic Advisory Leaflet 2/99 April 1999 Leigh Park Area Safety Scheme, Havant, Hampshire The scheme The Leigh Park Area Safety Scheme includes the area in the Leigh Park Estate bounded by Middle Park

More information

Deliverable D_O-INT_3.8 Protocol for personal and microenvironment monitoring surveys

Deliverable D_O-INT_3.8 Protocol for personal and microenvironment monitoring surveys MACC Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate Deliverable D_O-INT_3.8 Protocol for personal and microenvironment monitoring surveys Lead Beneficiary Imperial College London Introduction Monitoring

More information

Mobility management, a solution for urban congestion regarding EU best practices

Mobility management, a solution for urban congestion regarding EU best practices Mobility management, a solution for urban congestion regarding EU best practices Muriel Mariotto ministère de l'égalité des territoires et du Logement ministère de l'écologie, du Développement durable

More information

EFFICIENT USE AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY Vol. II - Energy Efficiency in Mass Transit Systems - Clark W. Gellings, Kelly E.

EFFICIENT USE AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY Vol. II - Energy Efficiency in Mass Transit Systems - Clark W. Gellings, Kelly E. ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN MASS TRANSIT SYSTEMS Clark W. Gellings Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), USA Global Energy Partners, LLC, USA Keywords: passenger transportation, mass transit, energy efficiency,

More information

Residential Development Travel Plan

Residential Development Travel Plan Residential Development Travel Plan A Template for Developers Name of Development (Address) Name of Developer (Contact Details) Date of Travel Plan For office use: Planning reference.. /.. /.. Residential

More information

Ideal Public Transport Fares

Ideal Public Transport Fares Ideal Public Transport Fares Mike Smart 29 April 2014 Sapere Research Group Limited www.srgexpert.com Energy & natural resources Regulated industries Health policy & analysis Public administration & finance

More information

Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households

Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households Transport Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households The newest long-term strategy of the Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland,

More information

MOBILITY IN CITIES DATABASE

MOBILITY IN CITIES DATABASE JUNE 2015 MOBILITY IN CITIES DATABASE SYNTHESIS REPORT INTRODUCTION After a period of erosion, public transport is on a growing trend again, particularly in developed economies, where urban sprawl tends

More information

Fleet management system as actuator for public transport priority

Fleet management system as actuator for public transport priority 10th ITS European Congress, Helsinki, Finland 16 19 June 2014 TP 0226 Fleet management system as actuator for public transport priority Niels van den Bosch 1, Anders Boye Torp Madsen 2 1. IMTECH Traffic

More information

A Framework for Bicycles at Intersections

A Framework for Bicycles at Intersections A Framework for Bicycles at Intersections Alistair Cumming Manager Bicycle Programs, VicRoads 60 Denmark Street, Kew, Austalia, 3101 Email: cummina@vrnotes.roads.vic.gov.au Summary Bicycle planning in

More information

Central London ongestion charging

Central London ongestion charging Transport for London Central London ongestion charging Impacts monitoring Fourth Annual Report, June 2006 Overview MAYOR OF LONDON Transport for London 2006 All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted

More information

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT MARK BRUSSEL CONTENTS Examples of integration from the Netherlands Rationale and principles of integration

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE)

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE) During the Berlin High level Dialogue on Implementation of Rio+20 on Sustainable Cities and Urban Transport. 18

More information

Travel Plan Guidelines

Travel Plan Guidelines Department of Transport Travel Plan Guidelines for Large Shopping Centres June 2016 Contents 1. What is a travel plan? 3 2. Why develop a travel plan? 3 3. Who are the stakeholders? 4 4. What are the benefits?

More information

Transport for London. Traffic calming measures for bus routes. Bus Priority Team technical advice note BP2/05 September 2005 MAYOR OF LONDON

Transport for London. Traffic calming measures for bus routes. Bus Priority Team technical advice note BP2/05 September 2005 MAYOR OF LONDON Transport for London Traffic calming measures for bus routes Bus Priority Team technical advice note BP2/05 September 2005 MAYOR OF LONDON Traffic calming measures for bus routes Foreword Transport for

More information

Recommendations for regional cycling developments of Budapest metropolitan area

Recommendations for regional cycling developments of Budapest metropolitan area Recommendations for regional cycling developments of Budapest metropolitan area European Union European Regional Development Fund Transport challenges in metropolitan regions: The Catch-MR project Transport

More information

How to implement cycling solutions in a post-communist street system (and mentality) Marcin Hyła, VeloForum, 16 Oct.

How to implement cycling solutions in a post-communist street system (and mentality) Marcin Hyła,  VeloForum, 16 Oct. How to implement cycling solutions in a post-communist street system (and mentality) Marcin Hyła, www.miastadlarowerow.pl VeloForum, 16 Oct. 2010 th What has communism to do with cycling? No free flow

More information

PTE/16/29. Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016. Air Quality and Car Emissions. Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment

PTE/16/29. Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016. Air Quality and Car Emissions. Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment PTE/16/29 Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016 Air Quality and Car Emissions Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment 1. Background/Introduction At County Council in December 2015

More information

12MAP-21, a funding and authorization bill to govern U.S. federal surface MONITORING IMPLEMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE

12MAP-21, a funding and authorization bill to govern U.S. federal surface MONITORING IMPLEMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE MONITORING IMPLEMENTATION AND PERFORMANCE 12MAP-21, a funding and authorization bill to govern U.S. federal surface transportation spending, creates a data-driven, performance-based multimodal program

More information

Traffic Management for a Smarter City:Istanbul Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality

Traffic Management for a Smarter City:Istanbul Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Traffic Management for a Smarter City:Istanbul Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Traffic Management for a Smarter City: Istanbul There is no doubt for Traffic Management to be an issue in a crowded city

More information

The Use of Above Ground Vehicle Detectors

The Use of Above Ground Vehicle Detectors Traffic Advisory Leaflet 16/99 December 1999 The Use of Above Ground Vehicle Detectors Introduction Responsive traffic signal systems are a key component in managing the safe and efficient progress of

More information

Freight Measures within Norwich s CIVITAS Project. Chris Mitchell, Norwich City Agency Manager, Norfolk County Council

Freight Measures within Norwich s CIVITAS Project. Chris Mitchell, Norwich City Agency Manager, Norfolk County Council Freight Measures within Norwich s CIVITAS Project Chris Mitchell, Norwich City Agency Manager, Norfolk County Council 1 Why CIVITAS Economic links Political support Previous innovative schemes POLIS Successful

More information

Walking and Place 19 th March 2015

Walking and Place 19 th March 2015 Walking and Place 19 th March 2015 Planning Walking Facilities The Approach in Wales Andy Mayo Active Travel (Wales) Act 2013 Landmark Welsh law to make it easier for people to walk and cycle in Wales

More information

TERM 2002 29 EU Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles

TERM 2002 29 EU Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles Indicator fact sheet TERM 2002 29 EU s of passenger vehicles Passenger car occupancy is falling in most countries, despite EU efforts to increase utilisation efficiency, for example through its citizens

More information

Explanatory Memorandum (September 1999) (Policies and Proposals adopted February 1999) 7. TRANSPORTATION

Explanatory Memorandum (September 1999) (Policies and Proposals adopted February 1999) 7. TRANSPORTATION Devon Structure Plan First Review - 1995 to 2011 7 Transportation (T Policies) Explanatory Memorandum (September 1999) (Policies and Proposals adopted February 1999) 7. TRANSPORTATION 7.1 Transportation

More information

BUS SYSTEMS IN EUROPE : TOWARDS A HIGHER QUALITY OF URBAN LIFE AND A REDUCTION OF POLLUTANTS AND CO₂ EMISSIONS

BUS SYSTEMS IN EUROPE : TOWARDS A HIGHER QUALITY OF URBAN LIFE AND A REDUCTION OF POLLUTANTS AND CO₂ EMISSIONS JUNE 2015 BUS SYSTEMS IN EUROPE : TOWARDS A HIGHER QUALITY OF URBAN LIFE AND A REDUCTION OF POLLUTANTS AND CO₂ EMISSIONS The International Association of Public Transport (UITP) is the advocate of sustainable

More information

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles Introduction As a member of the European Union, Ireland is obliged to introduce Regulation (EC) No.

More information

Mobility Management for Companies

Mobility Management for Companies Regina Luedert, 2MOVE2 Measure Leader S7.01 Mobility Information and Service Centre Stuttgart Municipality of Stuttgart / Germany Stuttgart / Germany 600,000 inhabitants Centre of the metropolitan Region

More information

Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs. by D C Webster and R E Layfield. Published Project Report PPR243

Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs. by D C Webster and R E Layfield. Published Project Report PPR243 Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs by D C Webster and R E Layfield Published Project Report PPR243 Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs by D C Webster and R E Layfield PUBLISHED PROJECT REPORT

More information

Siemens & London. Copyright Siemens plc 2010. All rights reserved.

Siemens & London. Copyright Siemens plc 2010. All rights reserved. Siemens & London. All rights reserved. Agenda London view Legal framework Original objectives TfL 2025 transport strategy Siemens involvement Western Extension Zone Congestion Charge Eastern Refresh Low

More information

usage of these types of fuels with production price far higher then diesel and petrol, is also a measure. We can say that in Bulgaria there are

usage of these types of fuels with production price far higher then diesel and petrol, is also a measure. We can say that in Bulgaria there are TRANSPORT The basic goals of the national transport policy are focused on sustainable development of the road and railway infrastructure of national and international importance, improvement of the transport

More information

High speed railway principles

High speed railway principles High speed railway principles Ignacio Barrón de Angoiti, Director High Speed, International Railway Association (UIC) Professional Conference on High Speed In the World and in the Czech Republic Praha,

More information

BESTUFS WORKSHOP. Andre danske og internationale erfaringer med citylogistik. Helen Carter Projekt Assistent ved NTU

BESTUFS WORKSHOP. Andre danske og internationale erfaringer med citylogistik. Helen Carter Projekt Assistent ved NTU BESTUFS WORKSHOP Andre danske og internationale erfaringer med citylogistik Helen Carter Projekt Assistent ved NTU BESTUFS workshop i Aalborg 22. januar 2008 1 Presentation Structure Environmental Zones/Low

More information

About the Model. Unit. Cost Structure. Modal Characteristics

About the Model. Unit. Cost Structure. Modal Characteristics About the Model What is it: The Cost of Commute Calculator provides a multimodal comparison of the expanded costs of transportation impacts in the Metro Vancouver Region. These include both personal costs,

More information

European Policy for more sustainable transport and logistics across Europe

European Policy for more sustainable transport and logistics across Europe Cefic/ECTA POSITION European Policy for more sustainable transport and logistics across Europe Cefic, the European Chemical Industry Council, is the Brussels-based organisation of the chemical industry

More information

Improving road infrastructure and traffic flows IRU Resolution adopted by the Council of Direction at its meeting in Brussels on 18 May 2000

Improving road infrastructure and traffic flows IRU Resolution adopted by the Council of Direction at its meeting in Brussels on 18 May 2000 Improving road infrastructure and traffic flows IRU Resolution adopted by the Council of Direction at its meeting in Brussels on 18 May 2 The mobility of people and goods is dependent on the efficient

More information

Bicycle Parking Design Guidelines

Bicycle Parking Design Guidelines Bicycle Parking Design Guidelines Whether you are required to install bicycle parking, or are volunteering to do so, these guidelines are intended to make sure bicycle parking works for everyone. Effective

More information

11. Monitoring. 11.1 Performance monitoring in LTP2

11. Monitoring. 11.1 Performance monitoring in LTP2 178 11. Monitoring 11.1 Performance monitoring in LTP2 Performance against the suite of indicators adopted for LTP2 is shown in the following table. This shows progress between 2005/06 and 2009/10 (the

More information

NGVA Europe Position Paper: Minimum infrastructure needs for Methane (NG/biomethane) refuelling across Europe NGVA Europe

NGVA Europe Position Paper: Minimum infrastructure needs for Methane (NG/biomethane) refuelling across Europe NGVA Europe Madrid/ Brussels 20th May 2011 NGVA Europe Position Paper: Minimum infrastructure needs for Methane (NG/biomethane) refuelling across Europe NGVA Europe In response to the Expert Group Meeting on Future

More information

URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT PLANNING IN TEHRAN AND THE OUTCOME OF THE IMPLEMENTED BRT LINES

URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT PLANNING IN TEHRAN AND THE OUTCOME OF THE IMPLEMENTED BRT LINES United Nations Forum on Climate Change Mitigation, Fuel Efficiency and Sustainable Urban Transport URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT PLANNING IN TEHRAN AND THE OUTCOME OF THE IMPLEMENTED BRT LINES S. MEHDI TASHAKKORI

More information

Thessaloniki Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan

Thessaloniki Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan Thessaloniki Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan SUMP SUMP development in a period of crisis State of the art Thessaloniki Public Transport Authority M a n o s V o u g i o u k a s K o s t a s P e t r a k i

More information

Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility

Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility 1 Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility 2 1 UrbanizationUrbanization Rapid pace, largely uncontrolled growth, taking place mainly in developing countries 3 Global Urbanization Trends World

More information

Reducing greenhouse emissions from transport - UK national project

Reducing greenhouse emissions from transport - UK national project Reducing greenhouse emissions from transport - UK national project Phase One: Perspectives SECOND DRAFT Targets: how far and how fast? The importance of rates of progress for climate change One of the

More information

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE POPULATION AND INTERNATIONAL TREND

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE POPULATION AND INTERNATIONAL TREND MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE POPULATION AND INTERNATIONAL TREND BY: MR. ERIC TETTEH-ADDISON SEPTEMBER, 2012 1 OUTLINE Introduction International trend Vehicle population in Ghana and regional statistics

More information

Submission to the Assembly Regional Development Committee Inquiry into Sustainable Transport. September 2009

Submission to the Assembly Regional Development Committee Inquiry into Sustainable Transport. September 2009 Submission to the Assembly Regional Development Committee Inquiry into Sustainable Transport September 2009 1. The Sustainable Development Commission (SDC) 1.1. The SDC is the Government s independent

More information

Why build the Silvertown Tunnel?

Why build the Silvertown Tunnel? Why build the Silvertown Tunnel? Over the last 30 years east London has changed with the redevelopment of former industrial areas into major commercial and residential districts. The development of Canary

More information

6: LANE POSITIONS, TURNING, & PASSING

6: LANE POSITIONS, TURNING, & PASSING 6: LANE POSITIONS, TURNING, & PASSING BASIC LANE POSITIONS Traffic law says that slower vehicles should stay to the right. But where exactly should bicycles ride? Here are some basics. Never Ride Against

More information

Background Information

Background Information Background Information Munich, June 4, 2015 ehighway: a vision of electrified freight traffic As it will not always possible to transfer more freight traffic to the rail, this traffic will have to be carried

More information

Irish Road Traffic Signs

Irish Road Traffic Signs Irish Road Traffic Signs Regulatory traffic signs Stop Yield Yield School wardens stop sign No stopping No left turn No right turn No entry No parking Maximum speed limit Taxi rank No entry for large vehicles

More information

Green Mobility - an action plan for the way forward

Green Mobility - an action plan for the way forward Green Mobility - an action plan for the way forward Annette Kayser Project Manager, M. Sc. City of Copenhagen The Øresund Region 2.4 mio. Inhabitants in the Region. ¾ of these at the Danish side 540.000

More information

London s Ultra Low Emission Zone. Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014

London s Ultra Low Emission Zone. Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014 London s Ultra Low Emission Zone Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014 Contents History of air pollution in London The challenge: 2010 and 2020 What the Mayor is doing to tackle emissions Ultra

More information

Setting the framework for parking policy I. Coordinated by FGM-AMOR Presentation by Martina Hertel (Difu) based upon training material by RHV

Setting the framework for parking policy I. Coordinated by FGM-AMOR Presentation by Martina Hertel (Difu) based upon training material by RHV Setting the framework for parking policy I Coordinated by FGM-AMOR Presentation by Martina Hertel (Difu) based upon training material by RHV Just a parking lot.? Source: City of Bocholt, Germany, Stadtbaurat

More information

Costs Imposed by Foreign- Registered Trucks on Britain's Roads

Costs Imposed by Foreign- Registered Trucks on Britain's Roads 27th October 2005 Costs Imposed by Foreign- Registered Trucks on Britain's Roads Final Report Report Author John Dodgson NERA Economic Consulting 15 Stratford Place London W1C 1BE United Kingdom Tel: +44

More information

Case Study. Mercadona and Renfe: Intermodal Collaboration Distribution. European Commission

Case Study. Mercadona and Renfe: Intermodal Collaboration Distribution. European Commission Case Study Mercadona and Renfe: Intermodal Collaboration Distribution European Commission 1 THE PLATFORM If transport continues to grow at the same rate as the economy, this will become both an economic

More information

Transport demands in suburbanized locations

Transport demands in suburbanized locations Agronomy Research 12(2), 351 358, 2014 Transport demands in suburbanized locations M. Lukeš *, M. Kotek and M. Růžička Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21 Prague 6

More information

Sustainable. Solutions. Smart Cities. for. What is a Smart City? www.sustainablecitiessolutions.com

Sustainable. Solutions. Smart Cities. for. What is a Smart City? www.sustainablecitiessolutions.com Sustainable for Solutions Smart Cities What is a Smart City? www.sustainablecitiessolutions.com Contents Introduction 3 Executive Summary 4 Background & Methodology 5 Description of a Smart City 6 Most

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRAFFIC CONCEPT IN MUNICIPALITY OF NEA KYDONIA

SUSTAINABLE TRAFFIC CONCEPT IN MUNICIPALITY OF NEA KYDONIA SUSTAINABLE TRAFFIC CONCEPT IN MUNICIPALITY OF NEA KYDONIA The municipality of Nea Kydonia in prefecture of Chania, Crete, is located in an area of 2.150 hectares in a coastal district, 5 km west of the

More information

Combined evaluation of public transport packages of measures in urban areas - 1996/97

Combined evaluation of public transport packages of measures in urban areas - 1996/97 Summary: TØI report 497/2000 Authors: Katrine N Kjørstad, Unni Lodden, Nils Fearnley, and Bård Norheim. Oslo 2000, 171 pages Combined evaluation of public transport packages of measures in urban areas

More information

Taxi Anytime, Anywhere

Taxi Anytime, Anywhere Introduction Taxi Anytime, Anywhere Fact sheets The taxi offers a customised door-to-door service to its customer. Taxis are an integral element of the public transport chain in both urban and rural areas.

More information

TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE CALCULATOR

TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE CALCULATOR TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE CALCULATOR PRESENTED BY: ALVARO LIMA BRA Director of Research City of Boston January 2012 IEDC 2012 Leadership Summit Overview of Presentation Background and rationale of the project

More information

Green Freight: Do we need a TEMPO-2 Project?

Green Freight: Do we need a TEMPO-2 Project? Green Freight: Do we need a TEMPO-2 Project? Jardar Andersen, TØI Einar Spurkeland, DB Schenker DB Schenker: Worldwide Logistics player: 130 countries. No. 1 European Land Transport 720 locations. Norway:

More information

SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT

SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT EN EN EN COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, SEC(2008) 350/2 COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT accompanying the Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL facilitating

More information

Chapter 2: Changes in Population, Employment and Travel in Virginia

Chapter 2: Changes in Population, Employment and Travel in Virginia Analysis of anticipated changes in employment, population and other characteristics provide a clear picture of where we are and where we are heading as a Commonwealth. These socioeconomic factors have

More information

2014/15 Performance Measures and Targets

2014/15 Performance Measures and Targets Surface Transport Panel Date: 9 April 2014 Item 6: formance Measures and Targets This report will be considered in public 1 Summary 1.1 The purpose of this paper is to provide the Panel with an overview

More information

Smart Cities and Sustainable Technology

Smart Cities and Sustainable Technology Smart Cities and Sustainable Technology Liam Mulligan Head of Mobility and Sustainability Siemens Ltd. Cities are the growth engines for their national economies Megatrends imply significant challenges

More information

The Role of Electric Drive Transit Technologies in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Role of Electric Drive Transit Technologies in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions The Role of Electric Drive Transit Technologies in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions A. Kolpakov 1 and S. L. Reich 2 Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Urban Public Transportation Systems

More information

Crossrail Vehicle Safety Equipment Supplementary Guidance. Works Information Ref: 26.14.8

Crossrail Vehicle Safety Equipment Supplementary Guidance. Works Information Ref: 26.14.8 FRESNEL Lens Ref: 26.14.8 1 of 10 Product Description The Fresnel Lens is a visual device for lorry drivers and is not a mirror in the conventional sense. It is a clear thin plastic lens that is press

More information

ACCA Certified Accounting Technician Examination Paper T7. Section A. 2 C ($200,000 ($200,000 0 2 x 0 15)) = $50,000

ACCA Certified Accounting Technician Examination Paper T7. Section A. 2 C ($200,000 ($200,000 0 2 x 0 15)) = $50,000 Answers ACCA Certified Accounting Technician Examination Paper T7 Planning, Control and Financial Management December 2009 Answers Section A 1 A 2 C ($200,000 ($200,000 0 2 x 0 15)) = $50,000 3 D 4 B $3,600

More information

Why Talk About Transport in Africa? SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Urbanization and Motorization in Africa

Why Talk About Transport in Africa? SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Urbanization and Motorization in Africa SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Presented by Brian Williams UN-Habitat Why Talk About Transport in Africa? Families and individuals spend upwards of 30% of their incomes on

More information

Assessing the overall health benefits/disbenefits

Assessing the overall health benefits/disbenefits Assessing the overall health benefits/disbenefits of cycling PODIUM DISCUSSION: Velo-city Vienna 2013 Bas de Geus Dept. Human Physiology Health benefits of Cycling Unfortunately Cycling (in urban environment)

More information

Recent developments in EU Transport Policy

Recent developments in EU Transport Policy Recent developments in EU Policy Paolo Bolsi DG MOVE - Unit A3 Economic Analysis and Impact Assessment 66 th Session - Working Party on Statistics United Nations Economic Committee for Europe 17-19 June

More information

Maximum speed. Stop and Give way to Manually operated temporary No entry for give way traffic on STOP and GO signs vehicular traffic major road

Maximum speed. Stop and Give way to Manually operated temporary No entry for give way traffic on STOP and GO signs vehicular traffic major road Signs giving orders Signs with red circles are mostly prohibitive. Plates below signs qualify their message. Entry to 20 mph zone End of 20 mph zone Maximum speed National speed limit applies School crossing

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT BY IVECO

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT BY IVECO Iveco S.p.A. Via Puglia, 35 10156 Torino - Italia www.iveco.com Publication: IST.081412 September 2008 The data contained in this publication are purely indicative and not binding. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT

More information

Energy and Environment issues in road transport. Prof. Stef Proost KULeuven (B)

Energy and Environment issues in road transport. Prof. Stef Proost KULeuven (B) Energy and Environment issues in road transport Prof. Stef Proost KULeuven (B) Long term trends? 2050 World Share OECD Road use cars x 2.5 From 50% now to 20% in 2050 Road use trucks x 5 Air transport

More information

Advantages of and Examples for Minibuses operating in Public Transport. Mark Freymüller Head of Sales & Marketing, Mercedes-Benz Minibus

Advantages of and Examples for Minibuses operating in Public Transport. Mark Freymüller Head of Sales & Marketing, Mercedes-Benz Minibus Advantages of and Examples for Minibuses operating in Public Transport Mark Freymüller Head of Sales & Marketing, Mercedes-Benz Minibus A Company of Daimler AG Daimler AG Daimler Buses Mercedes-Benz Cars

More information

Electric Vehicles and use of ICT s for Last Mile: A European vision. Mr. Arturo Pérez de Lucia, Managing Director, AEDIVE

Electric Vehicles and use of ICT s for Last Mile: A European vision. Mr. Arturo Pérez de Lucia, Managing Director, AEDIVE Mr. Arturo Pérez de Lucia, Managing Director, AEDIVE Who we are. What we do AEDIVE is the Spanish Business Association for the Boosting and Development of the Electric Vehicle Market It is a non-profit

More information

French Association of Public Transport Authorities

French Association of Public Transport Authorities French Association of Public Transport Authorities Mobility management in Ile-de- France (Paris region) The urban mobility plan Washington, September, 2006 Chantal Duchène, Director General, Groupement

More information

Paul Waddell, UrbanSim

Paul Waddell, UrbanSim Paul Waddell, 2012 UrbanSim Designed by Dr. Paul Waddell, Professor and Chair, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California Berkeley UrbanSim is a model system to support land use,

More information

Acknowledgments. Luis Martínez

Acknowledgments. Luis Martínez INNOVATIVE TRANSPORT SERVICES FOR HIGH QUALITY MOBILITY IN SUSTAINABLE CITIES Acknowledgments Luis Martínez MIT Portugal SCUSSE Project (Smart Combination of passenger transport modes and services in Urban

More information

Bristol City Council A Short Report on Air Quality: 2013

Bristol City Council A Short Report on Air Quality: 2013 Bristol City Council A Short Report on Air Quality: 2013 Table of Contents 1 Introduction... 1 1.1 Background Information... 1 1.2 Environmental Situation... 2 1.3 Air Quality and Health... 3 2 Air Quality

More information

East End Consultation Workshop

East End Consultation Workshop East End Consultation Workshop The Workshop was held in the East End Community Resource Centre on Thursday 30 th October 2007. Attendees included local business representatives, Ward Councillors, residents

More information

Accident Trends by Road Type

Accident Trends by Road Type Accident Trends by Road Type Royal Automobile Club Foundation Motoring Towards 25 Roads and Reality Background Paper No.9 David Bayliss OBE March 29 In December 27 the RAC Foundation published its report

More information

NCITEC Project White Paper: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Service Revival 1

NCITEC Project White Paper: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Service Revival 1 NCITEC Project 2013-33 White Paper: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Service Revival 1 November 2015 NCITEC Project 2013-33 White Paper: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Service Revival 2 WHITE PAPER Economic Viability

More information

THE MYCLIMATE FLIGHT EMISSION CALCULATOR

THE MYCLIMATE FLIGHT EMISSION CALCULATOR THE MYCLIMATE FLIGHT EMISSION CALCULATOR The flight emission calculator quantifies the direct and indirect CO 2-equivalent emissions per passenger for a given flight distance. The estimated emissions represent

More information

The potential role of cycling in Iceland

The potential role of cycling in Iceland The potential role of cycling in Iceland An introduction to cycling in Europe and European cycle policies. Cycling opportunities in Iceland on the short and long term. Cycling...? Sport, competition Hard

More information

The New Mobility: Using Big Data to Get Around Simply and Sustainably

The New Mobility: Using Big Data to Get Around Simply and Sustainably The New Mobility: Using Big Data to Get Around Simply and Sustainably The New Mobility: Using Big Data to Get Around Simply and Sustainably Without the movement of people and goods from point to point,

More information