Poetry Notes. Mrs. DiSalvo English 9

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1 Poetry Notes Mrs. DiSalvo English 9

2 Poetic Structure: Stanzas Poetic Structure Stanza: a group of two or more lines forming a unit of poetry; sometimes have the same number of lines, often have the same rhyme scheme and meter Example: There will come soft rains and the smell of the ground, And swallows circling with their shimmering sound; And frogs in the pools singing at night, And wild plum-trees in tremulous white;

3 Poetic Structure: Rhyme and Rhyme Scheme Poetic Structure (continued) Rhyme: similar or identical sounds at the ends of two or more words Rhyme Scheme: the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem; charted by assigning a letter of the alphabet (beginning with a ) to each line that rhymes End Rhyme: words rhyme at the ends of lines Internal Rhyme: words rhyme within the line Slant (Approximate) Rhyme: words sound identical, but do not rhyme exactly (also called approximate or near rhyme) Example: other and bother

4 Poetic Structure: Rhyme Scheme (continued) Poetic Structure (continued) Labeling Rhyme Scheme: But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair though owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest.

5 Poetic Structure: Meter and Rhythm Poetic Structure (continued) Meter: the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry (like the beat of a song) Foot: a unit of meter with one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables Rhythm: the flow of sounds created through meter Lines: Couplet: 2 lines Quatrain: 4 lines Sestet: 6 lines Octet: 8 lines

6 Poetic Structure and Poetic Forms Poetic Structure (continued) Speaker: the voice in the poem (like a story s narrator), but the poet is not always the speaker\ Poetic Forms Verse Poetry: words are arranged to create a certain effect through rhythm and meter Blank Verse: unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter

7 Poetic Forms Poetic Forms (continued) Free Verse: doesn t contain regular patterns of rhyme and meter; flows like everyday speech Example: What did we say to each other that now we are as deer who walk in single file with heads high

8 Poetic Forms (continued) Poetic Forms (continued) Narrative Poetry: a poem that tells a story; has characters, setting, plot, and point of view which combine to develop a theme Epic: a long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero who represents the ideas and values of a nation

9 Poetic Forms (continued) Poetic Forms (continued) Lyric Poem: a short poem in which the speaker expresses his/her thoughts and feelings Sonnet: a lyric poem of 14 lines, commonly written in iambic pentameter

10 Poetic Style: Sound Devices Poetic Style Sound Devices: Alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds Example: Mother whose heart hung humble as a button On the bright splendid shroud of your son, Assonance: the repetition of identical vowel sounds used to create internal rhyme Onomatopoeia: words that imitate sounds Examples: buzz, honk, beep, gargle, etc

11 Poetic Style: Poetic Devices Poetic Style Poetic Devices: Diction: a writer s choice of words and syntax, the order in which words are arranged Mood: the feeling the writer creates for the reader Tone: the attitude the writer takes toward a subject; directly influences mood

12 Poetic Devices: Figurative Language Poetic Devices - Figurative Language: language that communicates ideas beyond the literal meanings of the words. Simile: compares two things using like or as Metaphor: compares two things without like or as Personification: giving human qualities to objects, animals, or ideas Hyperbole: truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect Understatement: creates emphasis by saying less than what is actually true Pun: play on words

13 Poetic Devices: Imagery Poetic Devices - Imagery: descriptive words and phrases that are used to appeal to one or more of the reader s five senses

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