Biomass CHP gasification of wood biomass Eko village Kempele, Finland

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1 Biomass CHP gasification of wood biomass Eko village Kempele, Finland Radoslav Irgl COGENERA, Artim d.o.o.

2 What is biomass gasification? Thermal decomposition of biomass: Thermal process of biomass Oxygen proportion (reaction) Drying 0,0-0,0 Pyrolysis 0,0-0,1 Gasification 0,1-0,4 Combustion 1,0-1,3

3 Biomass gasification Downdraft gasifier

4 Wood Syngas Biomass Air (Oxygen) Uplinjanje biomase Syngas CO, H 2, CH 4, CO 2, N 2 Thermal application process heat o C Cogeneration heat and power Ash, Carbon

5 Biomass heat and power (CHP) Volter 40 kwe / 100 kwth Dry wood chips Volter unit CHP Electric power 40 kwe Heat ( hot water) 100 kwth

6 Volter CHP frame for container

7 Wood chips transport and gasifier Rotating feeder prevents from free airflow to the reactor. It also protects from back fire Fuel is fed from the silo by screw and chain conveyors

8 Syngas cooling and cleaning 1. Cooling before the filtering phase (heat recovering 1) 2. Dry filtering system (dust filter) 3. Control washing of Syngas (no running water needed) 4. Cooling to the final product gas temperature (heat recovering 2) 5. Cooled and filtered gas to motor

9 Heat and power from syngas Gas is fed to engine Heat is recovered from engine and exhaust gas Engine turns the generator which produces clean electricity Agco Sisu Power adapted diesel engine with electric generator

10 Power regulation and control Main logic processor Schneider M258 logic touch screen control panel Inverter (ABB ACS800)

11 Model: Biomass CHP Volter 30 / 40 Biomass Fuel: Wood chips (birch, spruce, pine, aspen) Fuel moisture: 12 15%, max. 18% Particle size: 8mm biomass 50mm, fine particles (<3,15mm) <1%, all <63mm Plant structure: Steel frame, Insulated with paroc (or similar) panels Color: As per agreement Fuel supply: Spring agitator, auger, rotating feeder Generator: Agco Sisu Power 4,9L, 4-cyl. / 8,4L, 6-cyl., generator 35 kwe / 45 kwe Output: Generator output 28 kwe / 40 kwe, thermal 80kW / 100 kwe Plant own usage : ca. 1,5-2kWe Fuel consumption: ca. 3,5 m3 / 4,5 m3 - of chips/24h at 100% power level Automation: Schneider electric PLC, GSM alarms, remote internet control Connections: Electricity cable, Heat channel, water line, broadband, GSM-connection Installation: Asphalt or concrete base Ash removal: Automatic ash removal Max. o.t./a: 7800h Maint. interval: once a week Other: SynGas from gasification reactor is tar free. Gas cleaning is only for solid particles.

12 New module for inside installation in engine room / boiler room 28 kwe or 40 kwe

13 New module for inside installation in engine room / boiler room 28 kwe or 40 kwe

14 New module for inside installation in engine room / boiler room 28 kwe or 40 kwe

15

16 Syngas composition from gasifier

17 Reference: Eko village Kempele, Finland (2009) 100% off grid residential area -> proof of concept Electricity and heat from wood chips Completed in 2009 lril: Building enterprise #1 in Finland award 1 st energy independent residential area in Finland 100% green energy and heat for 10 families High valued area, satisfied residents

18 Reference: Eko village Kempele, Finland (2009)

19 Reference: Eko village Kempele, Finland (2009)

20 Low and zero energy houses

21 Low and zero energy houses

22 Thermal substation in each house, hot water tank 750 l, floor heating, low temperature district heating deg. C

23 Office building, engine room, wood chips storage, wind turbine

24 Power system of eko village Biomass gasification - downdraft Battery pack-320 kwh Wind turbine 26 kw Central hor water tanks l Genset-Syngas-35 kwe Diesel Genset (back-up) 80kWe

25 Reference: Eko village Kempele, Finland (2009) 28kW electricity+ 80kW thermal Micro grid temperature +65 o C / 45 o C Hot water reservoirs: central 10m x 0,75m 3 Battery package: 320kWh, for 24h need Low energy houses, LED lightning No electric heating, no electric stoves

26 Syngas automobil Car model: Chevrolet El Camino, letnik -87 MEngine: 400 cid (6.5 l), automatic transmission Fuel: Wood Syngas, alternative - bgasoline Fuel consumption: Wood (blocks) - 40 kg / 100 km Fuel expence: 2 / 100 km Range with one filling: around 200 km Wood Fuel storage: for 1300 km Top speed: over 140 km / h MasTotal weight: ~ kg Construction: leta 2007 Emissions: E4 standard Electronic engine control: Motec M800, electrical controlled mixture of lambda-adjustment, gasoline, and wood gas joint use of facilities, auto carburetor ignition

27 Example of wood dryer Heat exchanger with fan and container for biomass drying

28 Economic calculation factors Installed power Hours of operation per year Price of heat Price of electricity (incentives) Price of biomass Service, manpower cost

29 Technology for happy customers

30 More info:, Thank you for your attention!

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