Trends in public sector

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1 Trends in public sector employment 477 Trends in public sector employment By Stephen Hicks, Labour Market Division, Office for National Statistics Key points Public sector employment was 5,846, (2.4 per cent of all in employment) in June 25, 68, (13.2 per cent) higher than in June From 1998 to 25 private sector employment rose by 1,241, (5.7 per cent), with total employment increasing by 1,921, (7.2 per cent). The largest increases in public sector employment since June 1998 have been in health and social work (up by 3,) and education (up 224,). In the year to June 25 Northern Ireland (3 per cent), Scotland (24 per cent) and Wales (23 per cent) all had higher proportions of their workforce working in the public sector than England (2 per cent). Within England, the regions with the highest proportions were the North East (24 per cent) and the North West (21 per cent). ONS has made significant improvements to public sector employment estimates over the past year and more work is planned to further improve the quality of these statistics. Introduction Over the past year ONS, in collaboration with other departments, has implemented major improvements to public sector employment (PSE) statistics. Standard definitions for PSE across all departmental statistics have been agreed and a single definitive set of quarterly PSE estimates has been introduced. ONS now publishes the official PSE estimates each quarter, as National Statistics, three to four months after the period to which they refer. This work stemmed from a greater demand for good quality estimates of employment in the public sector. A number of government reviews flagged up the need for improvements, including the Atkinson Review of Measurement of Government Output, the Allsopp Review of Statistics for Economic Policymaking and ONS s own Employment and Jobs Review. Added to this, the announcement of the government s efficiency programme in the 24 spending review (Pre-Budget Report 24) also increased the need for more accurate, frequent and timely statistics to assess the workforce implications of this programme. This article updates the previous public sector employment article published in Labour Market Trends in April 25. It examines the trends in public sector employment from June 1991 to June 25 drawing on the estimates published in the latest public sector employment First Release. It also updates readers on the work that ONS is undertaking to further improve the quality of public sector employment statistics. This article, as well as the article Characteristics of people employed in the public sector (see pp489-5), are parts of the larger annual Public Sector Employment Trends 25 publication. This report was published on the National Statistics website on 28 October 25 and includes further information on the public sector employment statistics development programme. It also draws together departmental statistics on employment by

2 478 Trends in public sector employment occupation for a range of areas in, and closely related to, the public sector: for example, employment in education, the NHS workforce, the police service, criminal justice and the defence workforce. Latest trends in public sector employment Public sector employment has grown in recent years following a period of decline in the early to mid-199s. Public sector employment fell every year between 1991 and 1998, reducing by 816, in total. Between June 1998 and June 25 public sector employment rose by 68, to stand at 5,846,, 13.2 per cent higher than in June 1998, but still below the levels seen in 1991 and In the 12 months to June 25 public sector employment increased by 95, (1.7 per cent) compared with the higher rate of growth of 113, (2. per cent) in the 12 months to June 24 (see Figure 1). Table 1 presents the number of people employed in the public and private sector for the UK. Private sector employment totals have been derived by taking the difference between Labour Force Survey employment estimates (not seasonally adjusted) for the whole economy and the public sector employment estimates collected from public sector organisations. The Labour Force Survey is ONS s preferred source for estimates of employment levels for the whole economy, so the PSE figures are taken away from this to produce a private sector total, to put the public sector employment estimates into context. Public sector employment as a proportion of total employment fell from 23.1 per cent in June 1992 to a low point of 19.2 in June This Figure 1 Public sector employment; United Kingdom; 1991 to 25 a, not seasonally adjusted 6, 5,8 5,6 5,4 5,2 5, Source: Returns from public sector organisations, ONS has been followed by a more gradual rise to the June 25 figure of 2.4 per cent (see Figure 2). In recent years both public and private sector employment have increased. However, as Figure 3 shows, the annual percentage growth in public sector employment has been stronger than for private sector employment since 2. Between June 24 and June 25 public Level 1998 Annual change sector employment increased by 95, (1.7 per cent) compared with private sector growth of 216, (1. per cent). Growth in private sector employment in the latest 12 months has been faster than the previous 12 months to June 24, when private sector employment grew by 93, (.4 per cent). The increase in private sector employment in the latest 12 months has been the largest

3 Trends in public sector employment 479 Table 1 Public and private sector employment; United Kingdom; 1992 to 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Total employment Public sector Private sector Change % change Change % change Change % change Level b on year on year Level c,d on year on year Level e on year on year CZG9 C9KD CZG ,559 5,97 19, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Mar (Q1) ,937 5,23 21,734 Jun (Q2) , , , Sep (Q3) ,298 5,194 22,14 Dec (Q4) ,291 5,277 22,14 Mar (Q1) 2 27, , , Jun (Q2) 2 27, , , Sep (Q3) 2 27, , , Dec (Q4) 2 27, , , Mar (Q1) 21 27, , , Jun (Q2) 21 27, , , Sep (Q3) 21 27, , , Dec (Q4) 21 27, , , Mar (Q1) 22 27, , , Jun (Q2) 22 27, , , Sep (Q3) 22 28, , , Dec (Q4) 22 28, , , Mar (Q1) 23 28, , , Jun (Q2) 23 28, , , Sep (Q3) 23 28, , , Dec (Q4) 23 28, , , Mar (Q1) 24 28, , 5, , Jun (Q2) 24 28, , , Sep (Q3) 24 28, , , Dec (Q4) 24 28, , , Mar (Q1) 25 28, , , Jun (Q2) 25 28, , , Sources: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS a LFS data refer to May to July for annual data from ; LFS data for Q1 refer to February to April, Q2 refers to May to July, Q3 August to October and Q4 November to January. b Labour Force Survey employment; all aged 16 and over; not seasonally adjusted. c Estimates derived from public sector organisations. d Estimates for 24 Q4, 25 Q1 and 25 Q2 are based partly on projections. e Private sector estimated as the difference between LFS total employment and the data from public sector organisations.

4 48 Trends in public sector employment relative increase since December 2. Between June 1992 and June 1998 employment in the private sector grew by 1,974, (1. per cent) while the public sector declined by 741, (12.5 per cent). However, since June 1998 employment in the private sector has increased by 1,241, (5.7 per cent), compared with a rise of 68, (13.2 per cent) in the public sector. Total employment therefore increased by 1,921, (7.2 per cent) between June 1998 and June 25. PSE by sector classification Total public sector employment can be broken down into broad government sectors. Between June 24 and June 25 central government employment increased by 55, (2.2 per cent) and local government rose by 4, (1.4 per cent). Both central and local government increased at a slower rate than in the year earlier (12 months to June 24), with central government increasing by 71, and local government by 52, (2.9 per cent and 1.8 per cent respectively) (see Figure 4 and Table 2). The longer-term trend also shows that central government has increased at a faster rate than local government; central government was up 21.4 per cent since June 1998 compared with an 8.1 per cent increase in local government. In contrast to the growth in public sector employment as a whole, civil service employment remained flat (at 57,) in the 12 months to June 25. In fact, if it had not been for the reclassification of Magistrates Court employees (previously local government), civil service employment would have fallen by 12, (2.1 per cent) in the 12 months to June 25. In the Figure 2 Public sector employment as a proportion of all in employment; United Kingdom; 1992 to 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Per cent Source: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS Figure Annual public and private sector employment growth; United Kingdom; 1993 to 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Per cent previous 12 months to June 24 civil service employment had increased by 1, (see Table 2). The bringing together of the Sources: Labour Force Survey; returns from public sector organisations, ONS Public Private Magistrates Court Service with the Court Service to form Her Majesty s Courts Service in April 25 caused Magistrates Court Service employees

5 Trends in public sector employment 481 Table 2 Public sector employment by sector classification; United Kingdom; 1991 to 25, not seasonally adjusted Central Local Total general Total public Total public of which: government a,b,c government a,b,c,d government a corporations sector a Civil Service c,e C9K9 C9KA C9KB C9KC C9KD C9KE ,39 3,73 5, , ,324 3,2 5, , ,276 2,789 5, , ,216 2,754 4, , ,158 2,759 4, , ,121 2,734 4, , ,81 2,728 4, , ,86 2,71 4, , ,94 2,741 4, , ,132 2,776 4, , ,28 2,777 4, , ,297 2,794 5, , ,47 2,837 5, , ,478 2,889 5, , ,533 2,929 5, , Mar (Q1) ,88 2,742 4, ,23 51 Jun (Q2) ,94 2,741 4, ,29 54 Sep (Q3) ,17 2,713 4, , Dec (Q4) ,113 2,765 4, , Mar (Q1) 2 2,122 2,78 4, , Jun (Q2) 2 2,132 2,776 4, , Sep (Q3) 2 2,147 2,747 4, , Dec (Q4) 2 2,157 2,783 4, , Mar (Q1) 21 2,187 2,779 4, , Jun (Q2) 21 2,28 2,777 4, , Sep (Q3) 21 2,227 2,749 4, , Dec (Q4) 21 2,247 2,786 5, , Mar (Q1) 22 2,274 2,83 5, , Jun (Q2) 22 2,297 2,794 5, , Sep (Q3) 22 2,325 2,765 5, , Dec (Q4) 22 2,351 2,813 5, , Mar (Q1) 23 2,384 2,823 5, , Jun (Q2) 23 2,47 2,837 5, , Sep (Q3) 23 2,426 2,816 5, , Dec (Q4) 23 2,451 2,877 5, , Mar (Q1) 24 2,476 2,89 5, , Jun (Q2) 24 2,478 2,889 5, , Sep (Q3) 24 2,493 2,876 5, ,75 57 Dec (Q4) 24 2,53 2,919 5, , Mar (Q1) 25 2,514 2,935 5, , Jun (Q2) 25 2,533 2,929 5, , Change on year to: Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) % change on year to: Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Sources: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS a Figures for 24 (Q4), 25 (Q1) the NHS workforce in England, Wales and Scotland for 24 (Q4), 25 (Q1) & 25 (Q2) and the police service in England and Wales for 25 (Q2) are based on projections and are therefore subject to revision. b National Probation Service for England and Wales was reclassified from local government to central government from April 21. c The Magistrates Courts Service transferred from local to central government (and the Civil Service) on 1 April 25. d Further education and sixth form colleges (local government sector) were transferred from the public sector to the private sector from April e Civil Service estimates are home Civil Service and therefore exclude Northern Ireland Civil Service which is included in central government.

6 482 Trends in public sector employment to become civil servants, thus being classified to central government rather than local government. Since 1999 civil service employment has expanded at a similar rate to the public sector as a whole and still remains below the levels seen in the early nineties (see Figure 5). Between June 1999 and June 25 civil service employment increased by 66, (13.1 per cent). Throughout the period (1991 to 25) civil service employment has remained at around 1 per cent of all public sector employment. Figure 4 Annual public sector employment growth by government sector; United Kingdom; 24 and 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Annual growth to June 24 Annual growth to June 25 PSE by industry Public sector employment can also be broken down by industry (for example, police service, education, health and social work) (see Table 3). These industry estimates are based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC 23) and not on the Classification of Functions of Government (COFOG). Looking at the industry breakdown, the largest annual increases in the latest year came in health and social work (6,). The increase in this industry was relatively large in percentage terms (3.2 per cent) but was smaller than the increase in the previous year (12 months to June 24) when health and social work went up 74, (4.1 per cent). Education also increased by 19, (1.4 per cent) in the 12 months to June (Q2) 25 compared with 36, (2.8 per cent) to June 24 (see Figure 6). The increase in these sectors is part of a longer-term trend. Figure 7 shows that since June 1998 employment levels in both health and social work and education increased by 3, and 224, respectively (18.3 and 19.7 per cent); accounting for around three- -2 Central government Source: Returns from public sector organisations, ONS Figure 5 Local government Public corporations Civil service employment; United Kingdom; 1991 to 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Source: Returns from public sector organisations, ONS

7 Trends in public sector employment 483 Table 3 Public sector employment by industry; United Kingdom; 1991 to 25; not seasonally adjusted Public adminstration and defence; compulsory social security Health and social work Police National Other Other service Public Health health and public Construction HM Forces a (inc. civilians) b administration Education Service c social work sector C9LA C9LB C9LC C9LD C9LF C9LG C9LH C9LJ ,271 1,31 1, ,279 1,287 1, ,242 1,125 1, ,29 1,1 1, ,177 1,122 1, ,166 1,122 1, ,142 1,127 1, ,127 1,137 1, ,14 1,158 1, ,146 1,214 1, ,153 1,241 1, ,181 1,25 1, ,223 1,36 1, ,238 1,342 1, ,255 1,361 1, Mar (Q1) ,135 1,159 1, Jun (Q2) ,14 1,158 1, Sep (Q3) ,139 1,142 1, Dec (Q4) ,151 1,173 1, Mar (Q1) ,155 1,185 1, Jun (Q2) ,146 1,214 1, Sep (Q3) ,139 1,211 1, Dec (Q4) ,147 1,237 1, Mar (Q1) ,153 1,245 1, Jun (Q2) ,153 1,241 1, Sep (Q3) ,152 1,225 1, Dec (Q4) ,167 1,249 1, Mar (Q1) ,175 1,255 1, Jun (Q2) ,181 1,25 1, Sep (Q3) ,18 1,262 1, Dec (Q4) ,27 1,294 1, Mar (Q1) ,214 1,32 1, Jun (Q2) ,223 1,36 1, Sep (Q3) ,224 1,297 1, Dec (Q4) ,23 1,342 1, Mar (Q1) ,237 1,346 1, Jun (Q2) ,238 1,342 1, Sep (Q3) ,246 1,336 1, Dec (Q4) ,25 1,36 1, Mar (Q1) ,251 1,368 1, Jun (Q2) ,255 1,361 1, Change on year: Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) % change on year: Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Sources: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS a HM Forces series exclude locally engaged staff. The series also excludes mobilised reservists prior to 1996 as statistics are not available. b Figures for the police service (including civilians) for England and Wales for 25 Q2 are based on projections and are therefore subject to revision. c Data for the NHS for England, Wales and Scotland for 24 Q4, 25 Q1 and 25 Q2 are based on projections and are subject to revision.

8 484 Trends in public sector employment quarters of the increase in public sector employment. Away from health and education, there has been a marked increase in police service employment (including civilians and support officers) with an increase of 12, (4.6 per cent) for the latest year and 45, (19.7 per cent) since June Employment in public administration was also up: by 17, (1.4 per cent) in the latest year and by 128, (11.4 per cent) since June PSE by region ONS has developed estimates of public sector employment for government office regions and countries in line with the UK PSE estimate by utilising information from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). As in the article Characteristics of people employed in the public sector (see pp489-5), the LFS estimates were firstly adjusted (to exclude agency temporary workers and employees of universities and grant-funded education establishments) to arrive at estimates closer to those on a National Accounts basis. These adjusted LFS figures were produced on a workplace basis and subsequently constrained to the UK public sector employment total derived from returns from public sector organisations. Regional estimates in line with the National Accounts definitions of the public sector have therefore been produced. Given that these regional estimates utilise information from the Labour Force Survey, they therefore are subject to sampling variability. For this reason the quarterly estimates have been averaged over four quarters. Estimates on a four-quarter rolling average basis are shown for each quarter from 1999 to 25. Figure 6 Annual public sector employment growth by industry; United Kingdom; 24 and 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Construction Source: Returns from public sector organisations, ONS Figure 7 Annual growth to June 24 Annual growth to June 25 HM Forces Police Public Education service administration (incl civilians) National Health Service Other health and social work Public sector employment growth by industry; United Kingdom; 1998 to 25 a, not seasonally adjusted Construction HM Forces Police Public Education service administration (incl civilians) Source: Returns from public sector organisations, ONS National Health Service Other health and social work Other public sector Other public sector

9 Trends in public sector employment 485 Figure 8 Public sector employment as a proportion of all in employment by region and country of workplace; four-quarter averages to June 25 Northern Ireland Scotland North East Wales North West South West Yorks & Humber United Kingdom Great Britain England West Midlands London East East Midlands South East Also, public sector employment is expressed as a level and as a percentage of all in employment for each region of workplace along with changes from 1999 to 25 and over Per cent Sources: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS; Quarterly Employment Survey, DETINI Note: Public sector statistics for Northern Ireland relate to the number of public sector jobs in the country and not the number of people working in the public sector. Figures are expressed as a percentage of the total workplace employment level from the LFS in Northern Ireland. HM Forces figures are not included in Northern Ireland estimates. the latest year (see Table 4). It should be noted that for Northern Ireland public sector jobs estimates from the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment, Northern Ireland (DETINI) have been used instead of those based on the LFS, since a consistent historical time series for Northern Ireland is available back to 1999 (the earliest date for which quarterly estimates on a workplace basis can be produced using information from the Labour Force Survey). Estimates using information from the Labour Force Survey have been produced for Scotland, as currently estimates produced by the Scottish Executive are only available on an annual basis back to 22 (and quarterly from Q1 25). If a longer quarterly time series is not required, then the Scottish Executive estimates should be used in preference to those that utilise information from the LFS. Box 1 provides more details on the Scottish Executive and DETINI estimates. Figure 8 shows that in the four quarters to June 25 Northern Ireland (3 per cent), Scotland (24 per cent) and Wales (23 per cent) all had the higher proportions of their workforce working in the public sector than England (2 per cent). The government office regions in England with the lowest proportion of the workforce in the public sector Box 1 Public sector employment estimates for Scotland and Northern Ireland Public sector employment statistics are available for Scotland and Northern Ireland and are produced by the Scottish Executive and Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment, Northern Ireland (DETINI) respectively from employer sources. The Scottish Executive produced public sector employment estimates for Scotland for the first time on 15 July 25. These were subsequently updated on 3 September 25 and will be updated on a quarterly basis in the future. Public sector employment in Scotland was 577, in June 25, representing 23.6 per cent of all employment in Scotland. For further information and data please see the Scottish Executive PSE release at: DETINI produces estimates of the number of public sector jobs in Northern Ireland from their Quarterly Employment Survey. These are published in two publications one giving summary estimates by sector classification and another providing more detail: and DETINI estimates that there were 219, public sector jobs in Northern Ireland in June 25. These estimates exclude the HM Forces located in Northern Ireland.

10 486 Trends in public sector employment Table 4 Public sector employment by region and country of workplace; United Kingdom; 1999 to 25 a ; not seasonally adjusted and per cent North North Yorks & East West South South Great Northern United Average of 4 quarters to: East West Humber Midlands Midlands East London East West England Wales Scotland b Britain Ireland c Kingdom PSE level 999 Dec (Q4) , , ,221 Mar (Q1) , , ,24 Jun (Q2) , , ,26 Sep (Q3) , , ,28 Dec (Q4) , ,98 2 5,297 Mar (Q1) , , ,318 Jun (Q2) , , ,34 Sep (Q3) , , ,362 Dec (Q4) , , ,386 Mar (Q1) , , ,414 Jun (Q2) , , ,44 Sep (Q3) , , ,47 Dec (Q4) , , ,53 Mar (Q1) , , ,536 Jun (Q2) , , ,574 Sep (Q3) , , ,613 Dec (Q4) , , ,653 Mar (Q1) , , ,69 Jun (Q2) , , ,718 Sep (Q3) , , ,747 Dec (Q4) , , ,768 Mar (Q1) , , ,788 Jun (Q2) , , ,811 Change on latest year Change % Change on 5 years Change % PSE as a % of all in employment Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) June (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Sep (Q3) Dec (Q4) Mar (Q1) Jun (Q2) Percentage point change on latest year Percentage point change on 5 years Sources: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS;Quarterly Employment Survey, DETINI. a Rolling four-quarter averages. b The Scottish Executive produce public sector employment estimates purely from returns from public sector organisations for 22 to 25 and these should be used in preference to estimates in this table if a longer time series is not required. c Northern Ireland data are based on information from the Quarterly Employment Survey and relate to the number of public sector jobs and not the number of people working in the public sector. Data are expressed as a percentage of the total workplace employment.

11 Trends in public sector employment 487 Figure 9 Ratio of public sector employment to total resident population a by region and country; 24 b Northern Ireland Scotland Wales Yorks & Humber North East North West London United Kingdom Great Britain South West England East West Midlands South East East Midlands were the South East (18 per cent), and the East Midlands (18 per cent). In contrast, the government office regions with the highest proportion of the workforce in the public sector were the North East (24 per cent) and the North West (21 per cent). The estimates in Figure 8 show public sector employment as a percentage of people who work in each region and country. However, public sector employment estimates by region and country within the UK can also be presented as ratios of the resident population. This approach takes into account the relationship between the size of public sector and the customer base that it serves. Figure 9 shows that on this basis the variation between the regions is smaller; ranging from 8 per cent in the South East and East Per cent Sources: Labour Force Survey; Returns from public sector organisations, ONS; Quarterly Employment Survey, DETINI; ONS mid-24 population estimates a Public sector employment estimates are workplace-based estimates, that is, where people work rather than where they live, while the mid-year population estimates measure the resident population. b Public sector employment estimates are for the four quarters to June 24, while population estimates are for mid-24. Note: Public sector statistics for Northern Ireland relate to the number of public sector jobs in the country not the number of people working in the public sector. HM Forces figures are not included in Northern Ireland estimates. Midlands to 13 per cent in Northern Ireland in 24. Between 2 and 25 all regions and countries showed an increase in the level of public sector employment. The South West region had the largest relative increase in the number of people working in the public sector: a 16 per cent increase between 2 and 25 (see Table 4). Other regions that experienced a large proportional increase over the period were the East (15 per cent), the North East (12 per cent) and the West Midlands (12 per cent). The regions with the smallest increases were London (7 per cent) and Yorkshire and the Humber (6 per cent). Wales also experienced a 5 per cent increase in the number of people employed in the public sector between 2 and 25. Future developments Since the previous article in April 25 ONS has continued to improve the quality of public sector employment statistics. ONS has developed and is using the new Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (QPSES) to help produce quarterly estimates of public sector employment which are now published three to four months after the period to which they refer. Work has also progressed to implement the standard definitions for sources of public sector employment. The presentation of departmental occupations statistics in Public Sector Employment Trends 25 were also enhanced and regional estimates of public sector employment were produced in line with National Accounts definitions utilising information from the Labour Force Survey. Work has also begun to integrate the PSE estimates into the wider ONS employment and jobs statistical system, as well as reviewing the coverage of local government, with a particular focus on bodies opting out of local authority payroll administration. Looking ahead, there are a number of areas where ONS hopes to make further improvements to the quality of public sector employment statistics to better meet user needs: To fully integrate the PSE estimates into the wider employment and jobs statistical system. Currently the improved estimates of PSE are not fully reflected in the Annual Business Inquiry and quarterly workforce jobs series and ONS intends to integrate these statistics into these sources. To keep figures up-to-date reflecting changes to the organisation of the public sector,

12 488 Trends in public sector employment for example, the evolving nature of schools. Work will be undertaken to keep the coverage of the ONS PSE statistics up to date. To assess the feasibility of producing regional PSE estimates based on information from public sector organisations themselves. This would yield more accurate regional estimates than those that utilise information from the Labour Force Survey. To look at the feasibility of linking LFS interview respondents and Interdepartmental Business Register records of the place of work. This aims to improve the industry classification in the LFS and, as a result, the public and private sector classification on the LFS. To look at seasonally adjusting the quarterly ONS PSE series and assess the potential for producing a longer historical time series of public sector employment. To look at the feasibility of producing employment estimates for a complementary wider measure of the public sector. There is user demand for, not only the number of employees in the public sector according to National Accounts definitions, but also, in general, it appears that users would benefit from an estimate of the number of people undertaking public sector work who are funded by the public purse. To investigate the feasibility of producing estimates, not only broken down by the industry of the organisation that individuals work for, but also by the functions that they perform within the organisation. Appendix A of Public Sector Employment Trends 25 contains further details of the public sector employment statistics development programme. References ONS, Atkinson Review: Final Report. Measurements of government output and productivity, National Statistics website (25), see: Allsopp, C., Review of Statistics for Economic Policymaking. Final Report, HM Treasury (24), see: ONS, Quality review of employment and jobs: emerging findings report. Office for National Statistics (24), see: HM Treasury, Delivering high quality public services, 24 Pre-Budget Report (24), see: Hicks S. and Lindsay C., Public sector employment, pp , Labour Market Trends (April 25). Hicks S. et al, Public Sector Employment Trends 25, National Statistics website (25), see: Further information For further information, contact: Daniel Heap, Room B3/4, Office for National Statistics, 1 Drummond Gate, London SW1V 2QQ, Tel:

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