THE ITALIAN MACHINE TOOLS, ROBOTS AND AUTOMATION SYSTEMS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY 2

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1 THE ITALIAN MACHINE TOOLS, ROBOTS AND AUTOMATION SYSTEMS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY 2 THE DATA OF EXPORTS 3 STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS 6 Machine tools 6 Robotics 7 THE WORLD MACHINE TOOL INDUSTRY 8 THE TREND OF Leading countries 10 Other countries 11 Contact: Claudia Mastrogiuseppe, Coordinator External Relations and Press Management Office, , Massimo Civello, External Relations and Press Management Office, , Raffaella Antinori, Technical Press Office, , Cinisello Balsamo, 8th July 2015

2 THE ITALIAN MACHINE TOOLS, ROBOTS AND AUTOMATION SYSTEMS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY THE DATA OF 2014 In 2014 the world economy grew at the same pace (+3.1%) as in the previous year. The development rate of international trade decreased in comparison with the trend of 2013, highlighting a 2.4% upturn versus a +2.7% registered in the previous year. In this framework, the Eurozone showed a 0.9% growth, whereas the Italian GDP went down by 0.4%, thus improving versus 2013, (-1.9%), but recording the worst performance among the main European countries. The world machine tool industry achieved a positive outcome: production grew by 2% and consumption remained stable (+0.8%). In the sector, the Italian industry strengthened its fourth position among the world manufacturers, thanks to its increased production, and confirmed its third place among exporters, despite its decreased sales to foreign markets. In 2014 the Italian production of machine tools, robots and automation systems reached 4,840 million euro, reporting a 7.9% rise versus 2013, Consumption increased by 33.8%, to 2,738 million, due to the positive trend of imports (+21.9% for 1,151 million) and of deliveries in the domestic market (+44%, for 1,587 million). The market share covered by foreign machinery amounted to 42%. On the contrary, the performance of exports was negative: they fell by 3.9% to 3,253 million. The export/production ratio dropped from 75% in 2013, to 67.2%. The trade balance went down by 13.9%, amounting to 2,102 million euro. The positive performance of the Italian industry of the sector influenced the level of use of the production capacity, whose yearly average increased from 72% in 2013, to 76%. On the rise also the order portfolio, attaining 5.6 months of guaranteed production, as against 4.7 months in Machine selling prices rose by 0.7%. 1

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4 EXPORTS A new regression was recorded by Italian exports of machine tools (alone), which, in 2014, decreased by 3.7% (half of the downturn registered in 2013), to 3,073 million euro. The quarterly trend was negative in the central part of the year (-14.6% in the second quarter and -2.1% in the third one) and positive at the beginning and at the end of 2014 (+2.1% in the first quarter and +0.9% in the fourth one). In 2014, the Italian shares in the main world markets generally decreased, owing to the reduced export activity carried out by the Italian manufacturers during the year. Indeed, as a result of the strong recovery of Italian consumption and of the concomitant decreased foreign demand, in 2014 the Italian manufacturers re-addressed their offer to the domestic market. Consequently, the export/production ratio dropped to 71.1%. In China, the Italian share on the total imports again reached 1.5%, as it was before the boom of 2013 (when it had achieved 1.9%). In the United States, Italian manufacturers covered 6.1% of the demand, losing almost half percentage point compared with the previous year. On the other hand, the Italian share on the German market remained stable, amounting to 6.2% of the local consumption. In Mexico, second market in the Americas, the Italian machines were able to meet 5.6% of the demand, thus gaining more than half point versus Despite the serious local recession, Italian manufacturers succeeded in defending their top position in the Brazilian market, reaching an 11.3% share on the total imported amount. Also in the Russian market, a traditional outlet for Italian exports, the Italian share decreased slightly, accounting for 10.8% of the total consumption. The analysis conducted on the geographic distribution of Italian exports in the last decade highlights that, despite the changes in the world scenario, the Made by Italians was able to meet the needs of new customers, also penetrating new areas, which were excluded from the international stage in the past. The European Union remains the first destination area for Italian sales, but the export share, absorbed by the region, considerably fell from 50.7% in 2005 to 37.9% in On the other hand, a rise was registered with regard to the share of exports to Asia, second destination area, changing from 19.5% to 25%. 3

5 North America, third outlet market, experienced a share growth from 12% to 15.9% on the total exported by Italian manufacturers. This outcome was achieved due to the recovery of the manufacturing activity in the countries of the area. An increase was also reported in the weight of sales on the total exported to emerging countries, such as non-eu Europe (from 11% to 12.9%) and South America (from 3.5% to 4.5%). Among the minor markets, the weight of Africa turned out to be stable (from 2.5% to 2.7%). In 2014, within the European Union, exports rose by 8.3%, to 1,166 million euro. Again Germany proved to be the first market in the EU (336 million, -3.7%), followed by France (146 million, -2.3%), Poland (+23.5%), Spain (+46.4%) and the United Kingdom (+10.5%). The sales to the rest of the European continent registered a downturn, (-3.7% for a value of 396 million). In detail, exports were down in Russia (174 million, -2.3%), up in Turkey (113 million, +3.2%) and stable in Switzerland (58.2 million, -0.3%). Exports to North America recorded a 4.2% decrease, reaching 490 million. Although in 2014 the United States proved to be the first outlet market for the Italian offer in the sector, the sales of the "Made by Italians" went down by 6% compared with the previous year (370 million); there were negative results also in Canada (-16.3%), but good performances in Mexico (+12.5%). Very heavy losses were recorded in South America, which reduced purchases from Italy by 24.8%, for a total value of 138 million euro. Once again, Brazil confirmed to be the leading country of the area, importing Italian machine tools for 82 million (-34.7%). Argentina strengthened its second place, among the countries belonging to the South-American area, with regard to purchases of Italian sector supply (33.3%). Exports to Asia decreased by 12%, to 768 million. East Asia accounted for the largest share of the total exports to this area, purchasing Italian machine tools for an amount of 443 million euro, 18.2% less than in In detail, sales to China registered a strong downturn (-21.6%, 364 million); those to South Korea achieved a considerable increase (+33.8%), whereas deliveries to Japan were stable (+0.7%). In South Asia, exports fell down by 28.4%, to 91 million euro; the downturn registered in the area was caused by the negative performance of sales to India, dropped by 32.6%, to 84 million. Sales to the ASEAN area recovered, gaining 27.2% and increasing to 97.7 million. Very positive results were obtained in Thailand (+105.9%) and Malaysia (+17.6%), whereas there was an opposite trend for the deliveries to Singapore (-17.4%) and to Indonesia (-3.4%). Middle East registered a 7% increase in the purchases of Italian machine tools, reaching 136 million. At the top of the ranking there were the countries of the Gulf region: United Arab Emirates (34.4 million) and Saudi Arabia (33 million), followed by Israel (16.7 million) and Kazakhstan (11.6 million). Sales grew in Oceania as well (+14.8%), attaining 30.3 million. Exports to Africa experienced a strong setback (-21.7%, 84.4 million), whereas there were positive results in the sales to Algeria (+22.8%) and to Egypt (+24.3%). A highly negative performance was reported in South Africa (-44.9%) and in Morocco (-64.7%). The analysis of exports cannot disregard the situation created by the common currency: sales to the countries of the Eurozone are an intermediate statistic data between actual exports and deliveries to the domestic market. In this sense, the % of Italian production was delivered to the domestic market, 18% was exported to EC-countries and 53% to countries outside the Eurozone. 4

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7 STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS The structural characteristics of the Italian machine tool, robot and automation manufacturing industry are the same as those found within the national manufacturing system: small-sized companies, strong propensity to export and high-quality offer. Machine tools According to the survey conducted by UCIMU-SISTEMI PER PRODURRE, in 2013 (the year to which the most recent data are referred), 58.5% of the machine tool manufacturers invoiced less than 12.5 million euro and 67% of them employed less than 100 people. Nevertheless, the most structured companies gave a higher contribution to production and exports: those with more than 100 employees, representing only 33% of the total number of units operating in Italy, produced 79.3% and exported 80.4% of the total. Similarly, the companies that invoiced more than 25 million (accounting for 24.5% of the total number of companies) covered 72.1% of production and 73.8% of Italian machine tool exports. The geographic distribution of the sector was consistent with that of the Italian production system, as a demonstration that it is essential for the machine tool manufacturing companies to be close to those of customers and suppliers: the most part of production facilities in the sector are in Lombardy (41.5%) Triveneto (23.4%), Emilia Romagna (14.9%) and Piedmont (12.8%). In detail, 36% of the total turnover was covered by Lombardy, 27.5% by Piedmont and 22.1% by Triveneto. The companies of Piedmont and Lombardy showed the highest propensity to export (81% compared with the average of the sector, amounting to 79.8%).The main user of machine tools was the industry of metal products - which includes production and first processing of metals, subcontractors, building components and other products different from machinery, (31.4%) - followed by the automotive industry (24.1%). 6

8 Robotics In 2013 the breakdown between large-sized companies (turnover higher than 5 million), mid-sized companies (turnover between 2.5 and 5 million) and small-sized companies (turnover lower than 2.5 million), remained unchanged compared with the previous year. On the whole, the sector is ruled by big enterprises (72%). Lombardy and Piedmont are the regions with the highest density of companies operating in the robotics sector: both of them are hosting 31.3% of the enterprises in the sector. However, Piedmont has the highest turnover percentage (68.9%) and the highest number of employees (64.3%). 7

9 THE WORLD MACHINE TOOL THE TREND OF 2014 In order to analyze the trend of the machine tool industry worldwide, UCIMU-SISTEMI PER PRODURRE refers to the information provided by the national associations and to the international sector rankings processed by Gardner Publications. For the last editions, the analysis proposed in the sector Report has integrated the above mentioned data with the official foreign trade data concerning a wide range of countries, which have not been analyzed in any other surveys. For many countries, among the ones considered, local production data are not available. For these countries, in the worldwide tables, production is indicated as zero. For the same reason, the indicated consumption data coincide with those of net imports, as it is not possible to quantify the value of deliveries of local manufacturers in the domestic market. In 2014 the world production of machine tools increased by 2%, exceeding 64,000 million euro. In detail, 56.7% of the total value was generated by Asia, 36.1% by Europe and 7% by the Americas.. The world consumption remained stable versus 2013 (+0.8%), slightly over 62,500 million euro. The Asian market absorbed 58% of the global sales, whereas the European one acquired 25.9% and the American market was covered by 15.1% of the sales. The remaining one percent was taken by other areas (Africa and Australia). Asian demand grew only by 1.4% and some markets lost positions in the world consumption ranking. 8

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11 Leading countries Despite a 3.6% production decrease, to 17,910 million euro, China maintained its top position among manufacturers worldwide. Similarly, the slight reduction in consumption (-2.1%), reaching 23,500 million, did not prevent the Asian Giant from confirming its leadership even in the ranking of consumer countries, well outpacing all other nations. The consumption share covered by imports rose to 35%, recording a value of 8,150 million (+7.5%). Exports had a significant increase (+18.7%), totalling 2,550 million and enabling China to stabilize its fifth place in the world ranking of exporters. Despite a 3.8% downturn, Germany confirmed its second position among manufacturers, reaching 10,720 million. Even German consumption decreased by 1.9%, to 5,420 million and so did exports, with a 2.6% drop, amounting to 7,610 million and bringing the country back to second position in the world export ranking. Showing an opposite trend, imports grew by 5.2%, to 2,310 million, changing the import/consumption ratio to 43%. All economic indicators, registered by the Japanese industry of the sector, were positive. Production, gone up by 22.4%, to 10,190 million euro, allowed the country to keep its third place in the world ranking. Thanks to the strong upturn of exports (+18.9%) to 8,140 million euro, Japan was again at the top of the export ranking, outpacing Germany. The increased domestic demand, grown by 31.5%, to 2,710 million, granted the country the fifth place in the consumption ranking. Once again, the Japanese market confirmed to be very difficult to penetrate from the outside: the import/consumption ratio amounted to 24% and the value of imports remained low (660 million euro). Italy strengthened its fourth place among the world manufacturers, as a result of a production growth (+8.1%), accounting for 4,320 million. Sales to foreign markets recorded a 3.7% downturn, amounting to 3,070 million euro, however confirming Italy as the third exporter worldwide, behind Japan and Germany. Imports attained 890 million, thus showing a 22.8% rise. The local market jumped to sixth place in the global scenario with 2,140 million (+39.5%). In 2014 production grew in South Korea as well, achieving 4,240 million euro (+6%). Exports reported positive results, +2% amounting to 1,730 million, and so did domestic demand (+7.4%). The Korean market maintained its fourth place in the world ranking, with 3,680 million. A 32% consumption share was covered by imports, which rose by 4%, to 1,180 million euro. The United States, with a turnover of 3,690 million (-1.2%) confirmed their sixth position among the machine tool manufacturing countries. Among the leading countries, the USA are the only ones to have experienced a decrease in imports, although negligible (-0.6%). Despite the reduction, the absolute value, amounting to 3,940 million, ensured their second place behind China in the ranking of importers. Also with regard to consumption, the USA confirmed to be the second largest market worldwide, with 6,060 million euro. In 2014 Taiwan recorded an increase for all main indicators: production +3.5%, consumption +1.8%, exports +6.1%. These latter amounted to 2,820 million euro, thus allowing the country to maintain its fourth position in the world ranking. In 2014, machine tool production in Switzerland grew to 2,560 million (+8.2%). A little less than 90% of the machines were sold abroad, totalling 2,280 million and earning this country the sixth place in the world ranking of exporters. 10

12 Other countries Russia turned out to be the seventh largest market worldwide in 2014, with a consumption exceeding 1,600 million euro (+3.2%). Imports reached 1,500 million. Despite an 11.1% upturn, Russian production remained low: 176 million. Mexico ranked eighth among consumer countries, with 1,480 million euro (-1.1%). Mexican demand was almost completely covered by imports (98%): this country proved to be the fifth importer worldwide. India went down to ninth place in the ranking of markets, with a machine tool consumption of 1,430 million (-5.8%). Against a production of 486 million, imports came close to 1,060 million (eighth absolute value). With a value of almost 1,100 million (+1.2%), Turkey came in eleventh among the consumer countries. Its local production attained 594 million (-0.4%) and its imports amounted to 846 million (+1.7%). Machine tool consumption in Thailand reached 1,090 million, which earned this country the twelfth place in the world ranking. Against 1,410 million of imports, the Asian country exported machines for a total of 319 million. In 2014 the recession of Brazil went on. Consumption fell (-33.4%) to 729 million euro, pushing down the country to nineteenth place in the ranking. A strong fall was registered also with regard to production(-33.4%) and imports (-32.1%). 11

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