Unit 4 Text Assignment: Imperialism & WWI

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1 Unit 4 Text Assignment: Imperialism & WWI Name Objective: The following questions will help to guide students reading and note taking through chapters 12 & 14. Please remember to read carefully and observe the textbook, sometimes you can learn more from the pictures than the words. Chapter 12 Sections 1-3: Imperialism 1. Beginning in the 1880 s American opinion began to shift towards the desire to make America a world power. What two things led to this shift in opinion? 2. Define imperialism 3. With settlers filling up the western frontier, what did many Americans conclude? 4. As trade with China and Japan grew in the 1880 s, many Americans became interested in what? What type of plantations were established there? 5. Why were tensions high between American planters and Hawaiians? 6. How did America eventually annex (take control of) Hawaii? 7. Why did Alfred T. Maha and Henry Cabot Lodge call for the building of a strong navy? What are the requirements? 8. By the 1890 s, several different ideas had come together in the United States (that helped lead America to imperialism). Identify three of them. 9. When the U.S.S. Maine exploded why did many Americans blame it on Spain?

2 10. What conditions led to the Cuban rebellion in 1895? Who were the leaders of the rebellion? 11. How did America s major newspapers lead most Americans to support the Cuban rebels in their fight against Spain? What type of things did they say about the Spanish? 12. What is yellow journalism? 13. Why did President McKinley send the battleship Maine to Havana, Cuba? 14. What did the 1898 letter by Spanish Ambassador, Enrique Deupuy de Lome say and how did the American nation react to it? 15. What did the naval court of inquiry conclude about the Maine? 16. Read the section on p Calling out for war and describe three reasons why America goes to war with Spain in How prepared was the U.S. army to fight a war with Spain? 18. Who were the Rough Riders? Who was second in command of the Rough Riders? 19. Approximately how many U.S. troops who fought in Cuba were African American? 20. What happened to Cuba after the war (p. 404)? Guam? Puerto Rico? 21. What were the arguments for and against establishing an American Empire?

3 Read p. 412 and summarize how President Roosevelt & the U.S. government got the Panama Canal to be built. 25. What was the Roosevelt Corollary? Chapter 14 Sections : World War I 26. Why did President Wilson intervene in Mexico? 27. Explain the following long term causes of WWI A. Alliance System- B. Militarism- C. Nationalism/Self-determination D. Imperialism 28. What countries made up the Triple Alliance? 29. What countries made up the Triple Entente? 30. What countries made up the Central Powers? 31. What countries made up the Allies?

4 32. How did the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand lead to the outbreak of WWI? 33. What was the US s initial stance on the war? 34. Who did most Americans support, the Allied Powers or the Central Powers? 35. What did British officials do to win American support for the war? 36. How was American prosperity intertwined with the military fortunes of the Allies? 37. What was the British Blockade? 38. How did the Germans get around the British Blockade? 39. What did this anger the United States? 40. What is the name of the British liner sunk by a German U-boat? 41. After the Germans torpedoed a French passenger ship and injured Americans, what promise did the Germans make that temporarily kept the US out of the war? 42. What was Wilson s campaign slogan in 1916? 43. What was the Zimmerman Telegram? 44. How did Germany s use of unrestricted warfare lead to American entry in WWI?

5 45. Who was Jeannette Rankin? 46. How did Congress ensure that the military had enough troops to fight the war? 47. What federal agencies helped control American industries during the war? 48. How permanent were women s advances in the wartime workplace? Who else made advances during the war? 49.Why did Congress pass the Espionage Act in 1917? 50. What were some actions taken again German Americans and their culture? 51. What new technologies were introduced in WWI? 52. Explain what a convoy is and how it helped American ships. 53. Why did Russia leave the War? What happened when it did? 54. What role did American troops play when the German offensive falters? What happened in the Battle of the Argonne Forest? How does the war end? 55. What major issues did Wilson s Fourteen Points address?

6 56. How did the Big Four react to Wilson s Fourteen Points? What was created instead? 57. What was the Senate s reaction to the Treaty? Why?

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