Newly developed Impact Miracle Coating. Single phase nano crystal coating technology for higher film hardness and heat resistance.

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1 Update B075A End Mill Series Newly developed Impact Miracle Coating. Single phase nano crystal coating technology for higher film hardness and heat resistance. For hardened materials

2 VF2SSB Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials VF2SDB Ball nose, 2 flute, Strong geometry, For hardened materials VFSD End mill, Short length, For hardened materials VF2SB Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, For hardened materials VF2SDBL Ball nose, 2 flute, Strong geometry, Long shank, For hardened materials VFMD End mill, Medium length, For hardened materials VF2XLB Ball nose, Long neck length, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Impact Miracle end mills for increased ting speeds, higher effi ciency and longer tool life. yfeatures aall Impact Miracle end mills are coated using the latest single phase nano crystal coating technology for higher film hardness and heat resistance. Characteristics of Impact Miracle coating (Al,Ti,Si)N (Al,Ti)N Hardness 3700HV 3200HV 2800HV Adhesion 100N 80N 80N Oxidation temperature 2370F 2010F 1540F Oxidation temperature aimproved ting edge geometry. The superior chipping resistance allows higher speeds for reliable milling of high hardness, difficult to and other materials. 1

3 ynew line up! aadditional inch sizes of IMPACT MIACLE End Mill Series, VF2SB,VF2XLB,VFMD. VF2SSB Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials 0.5-6mm 10 different sizes available. VF2SB Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials.0156"-.2500" mm 9 different sizes available. 36 different sizes available. VF2XLB Ball nose, Long neck length, 2 flute, For hardened materials.0156"-.1250" 0.1-3mm 12 different sizes available. 198 different sizes available. VF2SDB Ball nose, 2 fl ute, Strong geometry, For hardened materials mm 14 different sizes available. VF2SDBL Ball nose, 2 fl ute, Strong geometry, Long shank, For hardened materials mm 11 different sizes available. VFSD End mill, Short length, For hardened materials ø1-ø12mm 12 different sizes available. VFMD End mill, Medium length, For hardened materials ø.0313"-ø.5000" ø1-ø25mm 10 different sizes available. 18 different sizes available. 2

4 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS ymachining Example 1 Alloy tool steel for molding IMPACT MIACLE, long tool life when milling high toughness, die casting mold steel. VF2SB Conventional Cutting length (ft.) Cutting length:394ft. VF2SB Cutting length:197ft..0787" (2mm) End mill VF2SB 3 (.118") Work material evolution Feed rate.0079" (0.2mm) H13 (52HC) 16,000min -1 (932 SFM) 1,600mm/min (63 IPM) Cutting method Climb, Air blow ymachining Example 2 Pocket machining Cutting edge geometry with excellent wear resistance. Cutting length 66ft. VF2XLB 2 x component.0020" 10 times (0.05mm) Conventional 1 x component Cutting length 33ft. End mill VF2XLB 1x20 (.0394" x.787") Work material D2 (60HC).0039" 10 times (0.1mm) evolution Feed rate 10,000min -1 (207 SFM) 1,000mm/min (39 IPM) Cutting method Up and down milling, Air blow 3

5 ymachining Example 3 Powder high speed steel machining Tool life doubled compared to previous data when machining high hardness materials over 65 HC. Cutting length (ft.) VF2SB ymachining Example 4 Side milling Triple tool life compared to competitors end mills when machining at large depths of. VF2SB High speed steel 65 HC Conventional Powder high speed steel 68 HC Cutting length:98ft. VF2SB Conventional Cutting length 164ft..0028" (0.07mm) End mill VF2SB 1 (.0394") Work material evolution Feed rate Powder high speed steel 8,000min -1 (59 SFM) 1,260mm/min (50 IPM) Cutting method Climb, Air blow.315" (8mm).0197" (0.5mm).0079" (0.2mm) End mill VF2SB 10 (.394") Conventional Work material evolution Feed rate D2 (60HC) 1,200min -1 (243 SFM) 240mm/min (9 IPM) Cutting length:33ft. Cutting method Climb, Air blow ymachining Example 5 Comparison of chips and surface finish when machining high hardness materials VFMD : Ideal surface finish while maintaining stable ting Conventional : Poor surface finish and glowing chips produced. Unsuitable for finishing machining. Chips Surface Cutting edge.394" (10mm) VFMD.276 inch.0118"(0.3mm) z=8.82x10-5 inch Cutting length 98ft. End mill VFMD ø10 (.394") Conventional Work material evolution Feed rate D2 (60HC) 4,800min -1 (495 SFM) 2,900mm/min (114 IPM) z=18.74x10-5 inch Cutting length 98ft. z=maximum height of roughness Cutting method Climb, Air blow 4

6 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS ymachining Example 6 Shoulder milling Simultaneous end face and side ting. Both end and side ting edges displayed good fracture and ting edge wear resistance! VFMD Cutting length:328ft..236" (6.0mm) Conventional A Cutting length:328ft. End mill VFMD ø6 (.236") Work material D2 (60HC).0047" (0.12mm) Conventional B evolution Feed rate 8,000min -1 (495 SFM) 2,160mm/min (85 IPM) Cutting length:203ft. Cutting method Climb, Air blow ymachining Example 7 Comparison of tool life ealized long tool life when compared with conventional end mill..0039" (0.1mm) VF2XLB Cutting length 3280ft. Conventional Cutting length 2297ft..0079" (0.2mm) VF2XLB Conventional Big wear End mill VF2XLB 1.5x8 (.0591" x.315") Work material 420 (52HC) evolution 20,000min -1 (223 SFM) Feed rate 4,000mm/min (157 IPM) Cutting method Climb, Emulsion Cutting length (ft.) 5

7 ymachining Example 8 Fracture resistance comparison New ting edge geometry achieves excellent fracture resistance. Compared with conventional end mill, VF2SDB shows excellent chipping resistance. VF2SDB Bottom ting edge Gash geometry.0236" x 5 times (0.6mm) ae.0039" x 12 times (0.1mm) End mill VF2SDB 3 (.118") Cutting length:49ft. Work material evolution H13 (52HC) 12,000min -1 (741 SFM) Conventional Feed rate Cutting method Air blow 4,500mm/min (177 IPM) Cutting length:49ft. ymachining Example 9 High feed milling comparison Compared with conventional end mill, VF2SDB achieved 4 times longer tool life. VF2SDB No Damage.0708" (1.8mm).0197" (0.5mm) Overhang.827" (21mm) End mill VF2SDB 3 (.118") Conventional A Chipping Conventional B Chipping Cutting length (ft.) ymachining Example 10 Work material H13 (52HC) evolution 16,000min -1 (988 SFM) Feed rate 9,600mm/min (378 IPM) Cutting method Air blow Deep and high feed machining comparison Even for difficult machining such as, high feed, large depth of s, high efficiency machining can be achieved. Bottom ting edge Gash geometry VF2SDB Conventional A Overhang 2.76" (70mm) 7D.118" (3.0mm).197" (5.0mm) End mill VF2SDB 5 (.197") Conventional B Work material evolution Feed rate H13 (52HC) 6,000min -1 (617 SFM) 500mm/min (20 IPM) Cutting method Air blow 6

8 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS yperformance eport 1 User assessment oughing on mold 1) No chipping after 2 hours of machining. 2) Minimum tool wear. Bottom ting edge Cutting edge 1 Cutting edge 2 End mill VF2SDB 5 (.197").0787" (2.0mm) Work material evolution P20 5,000min -1 (515 SFM).0394" (1.0mm) Feed rate 2,000mm/min (79 IPM) Cutting method Non water soluble ting fl uid yperformance eport 2 User assessment oughing of mold 1) No chipping at long overhang machining (7D). 2) Conventional end mill had chipping. VF2SDB Conventional 50mm (1.97") Overhang 2.76" (70mm) 7D End mill VF2SDB 5 (.197") Work material H13 (52HC) evolution 8,000min -1 (825 SFM) Feed rate 4,800mm/min (189 IPM) Cutting method Climb, Air blow 7

9 VF2SSB e Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Austenitic (<45HC) (<55HC) (>55HC) Stainless Steel u e e e u u Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy Copper Alloy D4 =6 8 <D4 <10 D4 = Aluminum Alloy Type 1 UWC a 2 fl ute ball nose end mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. a Short shank type suitable for use with a shrink fi t type holder. Type 2 Unit : mm Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 VF2SSB s s s s s s s s s s 2 D5 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type s : Inventory maintained in Jan. 8

10 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2SB 0 - Inch sizes Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) e.0002" D1<.5000" " D1 =.5000" " Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Austenitic (<45HC) (<55HC) (>55HC) Stainless Steel u e e e u u Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy.250" D4.375" " D4=.500" " Copper Alloy Aluminum Alloy UWC ød1 ød1 ød5 L3 15 ød4(h5) ød4(h5/h6) Type 1 Type 2 a 2 fl ute ball nose end mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 VF2SB D1/ a 1 D1/ a 1 D3/ a 1 D1/ a 1 D3/ a 1 D1/ a 2 D5/ a 2 D3/ a 2 D1/ a 2 D5 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Unit : inch Type 9 a : Inventory maintained. s : Inventory maintained in Jan.

11 VF2SB Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) <6 >6 e0.005 e0.010 D1 < D1 > Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Austenitic (<45HC) (<55HC) (>55HC) Stainless Steel u e e e u u Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy ød1 ød1 ød5 L3 ød5 L3 h5:d4 < 12 h6:d4> 12 Copper Alloy D4 =3 4 < D4 <6 8 < D4 <10 D4 =12 D4 =16 D4 = Aluminum Alloy ød4(h5) ød4(h5) Type 1 Type 2 UWC a 2 fl ute ball nose end mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. ød1 ød1 ød5 L3 15 ød4(h5/h6) ød4(h5) Type 3 Type 4 Unit : mm Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 VF2SB0010S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s S s 4 D5 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type 10

12 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2XLB 0 Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) - Inch sizes Ball nose, Long neck, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials e.0002" Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Austenitic (<45HC) (<55HC) (>55HC) Stainless Steel u e e e u " Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy h6 D4 = " Copper Alloy Aluminum Alloy Effective length for inclined angle Type 1 UWC a 2 fl ute long neck ball nose end mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Effective length Inclined angle Type 2 Unit : inch Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 D5 Cutting Edge to Shank Angle VF2XLB D1/32N4D a D1/32N6D a D1/16N4D a D1/16N6D a D3/32N4D a D3/32N6D a D1/8N4D a D1/8N6D a D3/16N4D a D3/16N6D a D1/4N4D a 2 D1/4N6D a 2 B2 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type Effective length for inclined angle 30' No interference 11 a : Inventory maintained. s : Inventory maintained in Jan.

13 VF2XLB 0 Ball nose, Long neck, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) <1 >1 e0.007 e0.010 Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Hardened Steel Austenitic (<45HC) (<55HC) (>55HC) Stainless Steel u e e e u Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy h6 4 <D4 < Copper Alloy Aluminum Alloy Effective length for inclined angle Type 1 UWC a 2 fl ute long neck ball nose end mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Effective length Inclined angle Type 2 Unit : mm Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 D5 Cutting Edge to Shank Angle VF2XLB0010N005S s N005S s N008S s N010S s N010S s N013S s N015S s N015S s N018S s N020S s N025S s N010S s N010S s N013S s N015S s N015S s N018S s N020S s N020S s N025S s N030S s N040S s N010S s N010S s N015S s N015S s N020S s N020S s N025S s N025S s N030S s N030S s N040S s N050S s N015S s N015S s N020S s B2 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type Effective length for inclined angle 30'

14 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2XLB Ball nose, Long neck, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Unit : mm Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 D5 Cutting Edge to Shank Angle VF2XLB0025N020S s N025S s N030S s N030S s N035S s N040S s N040S s N050S s N050S s N060S s N060S s N020S s N020S s N025S s N030S s N030S s N035S s N040S s N040S s N050S s N050S s N060S s N060S s N070S s N080S s N080S s N020S s N020S s N030S s N030S s N040S s N040S s N050S s N060S s N060S s N070S s N080S s N080S s N100S s N100S s N030S s N030S s N040S s N040S s N050S s N050S s N060S s N060S s N070S s N080S s N080S s B2 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type Effective length for inclined angle 30' s : Inventory maintained in Jan.

15 Unit : mm Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 D5 Cutting Edge to Shank Angle VF2XLB0050N090S s N100S s N100S s N120S s N120S s N140S s N160S s N160S s N180S s N200S s N200S s N060S s N060S s N080S s N080S s N100S s N100S s N120S s N120S s N140S s N160S s N160S s N080S s N120S s N160S s N060S s N060S s N080S s N080S s N100S s N100S s N120S s N120S s N140S s N140S s N160S s N160S s N180S s N200S s N200S s N080S s N120S s N160S s N200S s N080S s N120S s N160S s N200S s N060S s N060S s N080S s No interference B2 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type Effective length for inclined angle 30'

16 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2XLB Ball nose, Long neck, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Unit : mm 15 Order Number VF2XLB0100N080S s N100S s N100S s N120S s N120S s N140S s N140S s N160S s N160S s N180S s N180S s N200S s N200S s N220S s N250S s N250S s N300S s N300S s N350S s N100S s N150S s N200S s N250S s N300S s N350S s N080S s N100S s N120S s N140S s N160S s N200S s N250S s N300S s N350S s N400S s N160S s N200S s N250S s N300S s N350S s N400S s N100S s N120S s N140S s N160S s N200S s N250S s N300S s N350S s N400S s N450S s s : Inventory maintained in Jan. adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 D5 Cutting Edge to Shank Angle B2 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type Effective length for inclined angle 30' No interference

17 Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 D5 Cutting Edge to Shank Angle VF2XLB0200N500S s N200S s N250S s N300S s N350S s N300S s N400S s N500S s 2 B2 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type Effective length for inclined angle Unit : mm 30' No interference 16

18 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2SDB 0 Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, Strong geometry Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel (<45HC) Hardened Steel (<55HC) <6.5 >6.5 Hardened Steel (>55HC) u e e u e0.01 e0.02 Austenitic Stainless Steel D1 <12 D1 > Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy D4 =3 4 <D4 <6 8 <D4 <10 12 <D4 <16 D4 =20 Copper Alloy Aluminum Alloy Type 1 UWC Type 2 a 2 fl ute long neck ball nose end mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 VF2SDB s S s s S s s S s s s s s s s s s 2 D5 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Unit : mm Type 17 s : Inventory maintained in Jan.

19 VF2SDBL 0 Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, Strong geometry, Long shank <6.5 >6.5 e0.01 e0.02 D1 < D1 > D4 =6 8 < D4 < < D4 < 16 D4 = Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel (<45HC) Hardened Steel (<55HC) Hardened Steel (>55HC) u e e u Austenitic Stainless Steel Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy Copper Alloy Aluminum Alloy Type 1 UWC Type 2 a 2 fl ute ball nose end mill with long shank for general use. Unit : mm Order Number adius of Ball Nose D1 of Cut L3 VF2SDBL s s s s s s s s s s s 2 D5 Overall Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Type 18

20 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VFSD End mill, Short length, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel (<45HC) Hardened Steel (<55HC) Hardened Steel (>55HC) u e e e Austenitic Stainless Steel Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy h6 Copper Alloy D4 =6 8 <D4 <10 D4 = Aluminum Alloy Type 1 UWC Type 2 a End mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Order Number D1 of Cut Overall VFSDD s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 2 D s 2 D s 2 D s 2 Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Unit : mm Type 19 a : Inventory maintained. s : Inventory maintained in Jan.

21 VFMD - Inch sizes End mill, Medium length, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel (<45HC) Hardened Steel (<55HC) Hardened Steel (>55HC) u e e e D1<.5000" D1 =.5000" Austenitic Stainless Steel " " h6 Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy.250<D4 <.375 D4 =.500 Copper Alloy " " Aluminum Alloy Type 1 UWC Type 2 D1 < 1/8 1/8<D1 D1 < 1/8 D1<1/8 a End mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Order Number D1 of Cut Overall VFMD D1/ a 1 D1/ a 1 D3/ a 1 D1/ a 1 D5/ a 1 D3/ a 1 D1/ a 2 D5/ a 2 D3/ a 2 D1/ a 2 Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Unit : inch Type 20

22 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VFMD End mill, Medium length, For hardened materials Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, Cast Iron (<30HC) Tool Steel, Pre-Hardened Steel,Hardened Steel (<45HC) Hardened Steel (<55HC) Hardened Steel (>55HC) u e e e Austenitic Stainless Steel D1 <12 D1 > Titanium Alloy, Heat esistant Alloy h6 D4 =6 8 <D4 <10 12 <D4 <16 20 <D4 <25 Copper Alloy Aluminum Alloy Type 1 Type 2 UWC a End mills with Impact Miracle coating for high hardness materials. Type 3 Order Number D1 of Cut Overall VFMDD s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 1 D s 2 D s 2 D s 2 D s 2 D s 3 D s 1 D s 2 D s 3 D s 2 D s 3 D s 2 Shank D4 No. of Flutes Stock Unit : mm Type 21 s : Inventory maintained in Jan.

23 VF2SB - Inch sizes Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Work material Hardened steel(45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. (inch) evolution (min -1 ) % <15 % >15 % <15 % >15 Table feed evolution Table feed evolution Table feed evolution Table feed (inch) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (inch) <0.2 :adius Work material Hardened steel (62 70HC) AISI W1, AISI M2 etc. (inch) evolution (min -1 ) % <15 % >15 Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (inch) ) % is the inclination of the machined surface. 2) If the depth of is smaller than this table, feed rate can be increased. 3) If the rigidity of the machine or the work piece installation is very low, or chattering is generated, then reduce the revolution and the feed rate proportionately. <0.2 22

24 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2SSB Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, For hardened materials VF2SB Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, For hardened materials Work material Hardened steel(45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. (mm) evolution (min -1 ) % <15 % >15 % <15 % >15 Table feed evolution Table feed evolution Table feed evolution Table feed (mm) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) <0.2 :adius Work material Hardened steel (62 70HC) AISI W1, AISI M2 etc. (mm) evolution (min -1 ) % <15 % >15 Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) ) % is the inclination of the machined surface. 2) If the depth of is smaller than this table, feed rate can be increased. 3) If the rigidity of the machine or the work piece installation is very low, or chattering is generated, then reduce the revolution and the feed rate proportionately. <0.2 23

25 VF2XLB - Inch sizes Ball nose, Long neck, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Work material Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. (inch) length (inch) evolution (min -1 ) Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) (inch) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) <0.1 ( <.0469) <0.2 ( >.0469) (inch) :adius 1) If the depth of is smaller than this table, feed rate can be increased. 2) Cutting conditions may differ considerably due to the overhang, depth of, and machine tool conditions. Use the above table as a start reference point. 24

26 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2XLB Ball nose, Long neck, 2 fl ute, For hardened materials Work material Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. Work material Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. (mm) length evolution (min -1 ) Table feed evolution Table feed (mm) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) evolution Table feed evolution Table feed length (mm) (mm) (min -1 ) (mm) (min -1 (mm/min) (IPM) ) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) :adius 1) If the depth of is smaller than this table, feed rate can be increased. 2) Cutting conditions may differ considerably due to the overhang, depth of, and machine tool conditions. Use the above table as a start reference point. 25

27 VF2SDB Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, Strong geometry VF2SDBL Ball nose, Short length, 2 flute, Strong geometry, Long shank yoverhang below 5D (D is end mill diameter) Work material Alloy steel, Tool steel, Pre-hardened steel AISI H13, AISI W1 10, AISI P21 etc. Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. (mm) evolution (min -1 ) % <15 %>15 %<15 %>15 Table feed ae evolution Table feed evolution Table feed evolution Table feed (mm) (mm) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) , (mm) ae (mm) ae < 1: Shank = 6 mm, 2: Shank = 3 mm, 3: Shank = 4 mm Work material Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. (mm) evolution (min -1 ) % <15 %>15 Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) ae (mm) , ) % is the inclination of the machined surface. 2) If the depth of is smaller than this table, feed rate can be increased. 3) If the rigidity of the machine or the work piece installation is very low, or chattering is generated, then reduce the revolution and the feed rate proportionately. ae < 1: Shank = 6 mm, 2: Shank = 3 mm, 3: Shank = 4 mm 26

28 IMPACT MIACLE END MILLS VF2SDB Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, Strong geometry VF2SDBL Ball nose, Short length, 2 fl ute, Strong geometry, Long shank yoverhang 7D (D is end mill diameter) Work material (mm) Alloy steel, Pre-hardened steel ( 45HC) AISI P20, AISI 420 evolution (min -1 ) Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13, AISI 420 Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) ae (mm) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) (mm) ae (mm) 1.5x x Pick feed rates should be chosen according to the surface finish required.the table above should be used as a reference start point. The above table ae <The above table 1) The ting conditions above are guide only end mills which outer diameter as same as shank diameter. 2) If the rigidity of the machine or the work piece installation is very low, or chattering and noise are generated, please reduce the revolution and the feed rate proportionately. If the depth of is shallow, the revolution and feed rate can be increased. If accuracy is important, reduce the feed rate. 3) The above table should not be plied to hardened steels (over 55 HC hardness) 27

29 VFSD End mill, Short length, For hardened materials VFMD End mill, Medium length, For hardened materials Work material Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. Hardened steel (62 70HC) AISI W1, AISI M2 etc. (mm) evolution (min -1 ) Table feed evolution Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) ae (mm) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) ae (mm) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) ae (mm) y Slot milling with small diameter tools D: Work material Hardened steel (45 55HC) AISI H13 etc. Hardened steel (55 62HC) AISI D2 etc. (mm) evolution (min -1 ) Table feed evolution Table feed (mm/min) (IPM) ae (mm) (min -1 ) (mm/min) (IPM) ae (mm) D: 1) If the depth of is smaller than this table, feed rate can be increased. 2) If the rigidity of the machine or the workpiece installation is very low, or chattering is generated, then reduce the revolution and the feed rate proportionately. 28

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