Eats: Is Eaten By: Other Needs: Sea Lettuce. Eats: Is Eaten By: Other Needs: Brackish Water. Needed by: PRODUCER NON-LIVING

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1 Eats: Nothing it uses sunlight to make its own food. Fish, Midges, Geese, Ducks, Black Bears and Crabs PRODUCER Sea Lettuce Bright green algae Looks like lettuce leaves! Sunlight (is its home) Eats: Nothing not alive, so doesn t need food Nothing NON-LIVING Brackish Water Mixture of fresh water and salt water where rivers meet the sea None not alive Needed by: All living things in the estuary!

2 (helps to break dead stuff down into small bits) Mud (where it settles) Eats: Dead Stuff Detritus Rotting bits of dead plants & animals Nothing Bacteria, Midges, Clams Filter and feeders Oysters, like Clams Bacteria, and Amphipods, Oysters, Amphipods, Crabs, Crabs, Lugworms, Lugworms, Shrimp Shrimp None not alive Needed by: All producers in the estuary! NON-LIVING Sunlight Main source of energy for life on Earth Eats: Nothing not alive, so doesn t need food Nothing, but producers use it to make their own food

3 Eats: Nothing producers use sunlight to make their own food Zooplankton, Clams, Oysters, & other filter feeders PRODUCER Phytoplankton Floating, tiny plant-like organisms Sunlight (is its home) NON-LIVING Mud Covers the bottom of the estuary Lots of detritus settles here. Eats: Nothing not alive, so None doesn t need food Needed by: Eelgrass, Nothing Crabs, Worms, Shrimp, Clams, Oysters, Snails, Detritus, Sea Stars, Amphipods, Fish, Great None Blue Herons, Harbor Seals, Bald Eagles Needed by: Eelgrass, Crabs, Worms, Shrimp, Clams, Oysters, Snails, Detritus, Eats: Otters, Nothing not Sea Stars, Amphipods, alive, so doesn t Fish, Great need Blue food Herons, Harbor Seals, Bald Eagles, Black Bears Nothing

4 Other Eats: Needs: Sunlight,, Mud and Sand Nothing plants use sunlight to Needed By: Provides shelter make their own food. for Fish, Amphipods, Shrimp, Snails and more Fish, Geese, Ducks, Midges, Snails and Crabs Eats: PRODUCER Eelgrass Tall underwater grass that roots into the mud or sand Sunlight, Nothing plants use sunlight to Brackish make their water, own food. Mud and Sand Needed By: Provides shelter for Fish, Fish, Geese, Amphipods, Ducks, Snails Shrimp, and Snails Crabs and more NON-LIVING Sand Eats: Nothing not None not alive alive, so doesn t need Needed food by: Nothing Eelgrass, Crabs, Shrimp, Fish, Black Bears, Bald Eagles, Great Blue Herons, Harbor Seals None not alive Eats: Needed by: Otters, Nothing not alive, so doesn t Eelgrass, Crabs, Shrimp, Fish, need food Black Bears, Bald Eagles, Clams, Nothing Great Blue Herons, Harbor Seals

5 Other Eats: Needs: (is its home) Bacteria, Detritus rotting bits Eelgrass (shelter) of dead plants & animals Mud (place to find food) Omnivore, Scavenger/Decomposer, Prey Amphipods Small, shrimp-like animals Salmon & other Fish, Ducks, Eats: Crabs, Shrimp, Shorebirds Bacteria, Detritus rotting bits of dead plants & animals (is its home) Eelgrass Salmon &(shelter) other Fish, Ducks, Mud Crabs, (place Shrimp to find food) Omnivore, Predator & Prey Zooplankton Floating, microscopic animals, including larvae of crabs, sea stars and octopuses Eats: Phytoplankton and other Zooplankton Small fish, Jellies, filterfeeders like Clams, Barnacles, Oysters, Baleen Whales & Whale Sharks

6 Fish, Shrimp, Snails, Worms, Detritus rotting bits of dead plants & animals Omnivore, Scavenger/Decomposer, Predator & Prey Dungeness Crabs Hard-shelled animals with eight legs & 2 pinching claws Fish Chinook salmon and Herring, Otters, Harbor Seals, People (is its home) Eelgrass (shelter) Mud (place to find food) Omnivore Filter Feeder, Prey Clams Soft-bodied animals that grow a hard, protective shell Plankton, Bacteria, Brackish Detritus rotting water (is bits its home) of dead Mud plants & Sand & animals (shelter) Crabs, Sunflower stars, Worms, Plankton, Bacteria, Detritus decaying bits of plants Moon Snails, Octopuses, Shorebirds, Otters, People and animals Crabs, Seagulls, Moon Snails, Ot- Sunflower stars, Worms, (is its home) ters, People Mud & Sand (shelter)

7 Amphipods, Midges, Worms Orcas, Black bears, Bald Eagles, Great Blue Herons, People, Also feed entire ecosystem through decay Carnivore, Predator & Prey Chinook Salmon Young salmon hide & grow in the safety of estuaries. (is its home) Eelgrass (shelter) Sand & Mud (hunting ground) Plankton, Detritus rotting bits of dead plants and animals Omnivore Filter Feeder, Prey Oysters Soft-bodied animals that grow a bumpy, protective shell Crabs, Sunflower stars, Otters, Black Bears, Moon Snails, People Mud & Sand (shelter)

8 Amphipods, Zooplankton, Brackish Midges, water Worms, (is small its home) Fish Eelgrass (shelter) larger Fish, Great Blue Herons, Harbor Amphipods, Seals, Bald Zooplankton, Eagles, Insects, People Worms, small Fish Carnivore, Predator & Prey Herring Young herring hide & grow in the safety of estuaries. larger Fish, Great Blue Herons, Harbor Seals, Bald Eagles, (is its home) People Eelgrass (shelter) Other Needs: Clams, Oysters, other Snails Mud & Sand (shelter) Sunflower stars, Sea Otters, some Fish & Crabs, other Moon Snails, Clams Octopuses, Shorebirds Carnivore, Predator & Prey Moon Snails Soft-bodied predators that grow a hard, protective shell other Snails Sunflower stars, Sea Otters, Brackish some Fish water & Crabs, Other Moon Mud Snails & Sand (shelter)

9 Other Needs: Detritus rotting bits of dead Mud plants and animals, Bacteria Decomposer (like earthworms!), Prey Lugworms Live in j shaped mud holes Turn dead stuff into rich mud Fish, other Worms, Crabs, Shorebirds Detritus rotting bits of dead plants and animals, Bacteria Other Are Eaten Needs: By: Brackish Fish, other water Worms, Crabs Mud Other Needs: Brackish Plankton, water Detritus, small Fish, Mud Clams, & Sand other (shelter) Shrimp Omnivore, Predator & Prey Shrimp Small crustaceans Fish, Great Blue Herons, Otters, Shorebirds, People Plankton, Detritus, small Fish, Clams, other Shrimp Fish, Great Blue Herons, Mud & Sand (shelter) Otters, People

10 Crabs, Oysters, Fish, Clams, Snails Orcas, Harbor Seals, People Carnivore, Predator & Prey Giant Pacific Octopuses Largest octopus in the world Has a parrot-like beak for crushing shells Sand (hunting ground) Carnivore, Predator & Prey Sunflower stars Large sea star with up to 24 arms! Crabs, Snails, Oysters, small Fish, Clams, other Sea stars Mud & Sand (hunting ground) Other Sea Stars Crabs, Snails, Oysters, small Fish, Clams, other Sea stars Other Sea Stars Mud & Sand (hunting ground)

11 Eelgrass roots, Midges Rarely Clams, Snails Herbivore, Prey Canvasback Ducks Migratory ducks that visit estuaries to feed Black Bears, Otters, People, Bald Eagles Eelgrass (major food source) Carnivore, Predator Great Blue Herons Large wading bird with skinny, long legs, neck and bill Other Needs: Brackish Herring, water Salmon, Crabs, Eelgrass Shrimp, (hunting Midges ground) Mud & Sand Rarely: Bald Eagles & other large birds of prey; Also Herring, Bacteria and Salmon, other Crabs, decomposers Shrimp, Insects Other Are Eaten Needs: By: Usually Nothing, but rarely: Bald Eagles, Hawks, Owls Eelgrass (hunting ground) Mud & Sand

12 Worms, Shrimp, Amphipods, Clams, Snails, Midges, some plants Bald Eagles Omnivore, Predator & Prey Dunlins (Shorebirds) Visit estuaries in winter to rest and find food Mud & Sand (hunting ground) Midges, estuary Plants and Seeds Bald Eagles, Otters Omnivore, Predator & Prey Red Winged Blackbirds Black birds with red & yellow shoulders Estuary

13 Eelgrass (major food source) Eelgrass, Sea Lettuce Herbivore, Prey Black Brant Geese Winter visitors to the estuary Rarely small crustaceans Bald Eagles Fish especially Salmon, Harbor Seal pups, Ducks, Geese, River Otters, Redwinged Blackbirds, Shorebirds Bacteria and other decomposers Carnivore, Predator Bald Eagles Large predatory birds with white heads and tails Mud & Sand (hunting ground)

14 Fish Salmon & Herring, Crabs, Octopus Orca whales Pups eaten by Bald Eagles Carnivore, Predator & Prey Harbor Seals Common seal with spotted coat Eelgrass Sand & Mud (for resting) Fish especially Chinook Salmon Harbor Seals Octopuses Bacteria and other decomposers Carnivore, Predator Orca whales Large dolphin with black and white patterned skin

15 Detritus, Eelgrass, Algae Salmon, Herring, Ducks, Shorebirds, Great Blue Herons, Red-winged Blackbirds Herbivore, Prey Midges Skinny-bodied insect that looks like a mosquito but won t bite! Eelgrass Mud Salmon, Herring, Sea Lettuce, Oysters, Clams, Ducks Bacteria and other decomposers Omnivore, Predator Black Bears Large mammal Sand & Mud Eelgrass

16 Eelgrass Dead plants & animals Producers, Consumers and Decomposers Bacteria Tiny organisms that break down dead plants and animals Some bacteria are producers that make their own food. Amphipods, Clams, Lugworms Omnivore, Predator & Prey River Otters Playful swimming mammal with a long, slinky body Fish, Crabs, Shrimp, Plants, Clams, young Ducks, Red-winged Blackbirds, Bird Eggs (except bald eagles) Bald Eagles Mud, Sand

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