Titration of Vinegar

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Titration of Vinegar"

Transcription

1 EXPERIMENT 12 Prepared by Edward L. Brown, Lee University and Verrill M. Norwood, Cleveland State Community College The student will become familiar with the techniques of titration and expressing a solution s concentration as molarity and mass percent. this experiment, you will use the NaOH solution that you standardized in Experiment 11 to determine the concentration of vinegar in units of molarity and mass percent. In OBJECTIVE APPARATUS AND CHEMICALS A P P A R A T U S Buret / Buret Clamp Ring Stand Volumetric pipet (25 ml) Erlenmeyer Flask (250 ml) Volumetric Flask (100 ml) Stir Plate / stir bar C H E M I C A L S Vinegar Phenolphthalein Vinegar is a dilute solution of acetic acid (HC 2 H 3 O 2 ) which is one of the many weak acids used in chemistry. In contrast, there are only seven common strong acids: HCl, HBr, HI, HNO 3, H 2 SO 4, HClO 3, and HClO 4. The difference between a strong acid and a weak acid is the degree of dissociation when placed in water. A strong acid is essentially 100% dissociated into H + (or H 3 O + ) and an anion when placed in water; a weak acid is less than 100% dissociated. Whether an acid is strong or weak does not affect its reaction with a base - strong and weak acids both react swiftly and completely with a base. The concentration seen on a vinegar label is typically expressed as a mass percent (mass of solute / mass of solution 100). The molarity of vinegar can be converted to mass percent once the density of the vinegar solution is known. The molarity of the vinegar provides the number of moles of acetic acid in 1 L vinegar the moles of acetic acid can be converted to grams acetic acid (solute) while the 1 L vinegar (solution) can be converted into grams of vinegar (solution). Substitution, as shown in the following example, will provide the mass percent of acetic acid in a solution of vinegar. CHEM Experiment

2 Example 1: A sample of vinegar (25.0 ml) was placed in a 100-mL volumetric flask and distilled water was added to the line scored on the flask. The volumetric flask was capped and shaken before 25.0 ml of diluted vinegar was withdrawn and placed in a 250-mL Erlenmeyer flask. Approximately 50 ml of distilled water was added to the Erlenmeyer flask along with 3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. A buret was filled with an NaOH solution that was previously standardized ( M). A light pink endpoint was reached after 28.4 ml of the NaOH solution was added to the Erlenmeyer flask containing the diluted vinegar. What is the Molarity of the diluted vinegar solution? M= L NaOH solution moles NaOH solution 1 mole diluted Vinegar solution 28.4 ml NaOH solution 1 ml NaOH solution 1 L NaOH solution 1 mole NaOH solution L diluted Vinegar 25.0 ml diluted Vinegar 1 ml diluted Vinegar moles diluted Vinegar = = M L diluted Vinegar solution What is the Molarity of the vinegar solution? Recall that we added 25.0 ml of vinegar to a 100 ml volumetric flask and then diluted the vinegar with ~ 75 ml water. So, if this diluted vinegar solution has a concentration of M, then the undiluted vinegar s concentration must be M, or 0.448M. What is the Mass Percent of a M Acetic Acid (Vinegar) solution if the density is 1.10 g/ml? First, break apart the M into moles solute and 1 L solution. Then, convert moles into grams using g/mole as the molar mass of acetic acid. This gives 26.9 grams acetic acid. Next, convert 1 L to 1000 ml and multiply by the density (1.10 g/ml) to find the mass of the solution (1100 g solution). Finally, the mass percent is calculated as follows: 26.9 g HOAc 100 = 2.45 % 1100 g Solution CHEM Experiment

3 Density of Vinegar Procedure 1. Obtain a dry 100 ml volumetric flask from your instructor and determine its mass to the nearest g [Data Sheet Q1]. 2. Using a suction bulb and a 25 ml pipette, place ml of vinegar into the volumetric flask. 3. Determine the mass of the flask and vinegar to the nearest 0.001g [Data Sheet Q2]. 4. Dilute the ml of vinegar in the 100 ml volumetric flask with distilled water until the final volume is ml (add distilled water to the scored mark on the volumetric flask). 5. Stopper and mix this solution by inverting it several times. 6. Using a suction bulb and a different ml pipette, remove ml of the dilute vinegar and place it in a 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask (FLASK 1). 7. Remove an additional ml of the dilute vinegar and place it in another 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask (FLASK 2). 8. Remove an additional ml of the dilute vinegar and place it in another 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask (FLASK 3). 9. Add ~ 75 ml distilled water and 3 drops phenolphthalein to each flask. 10. Add a stirring bar to Flask 1. Use the same stirring bar for Flasks 2 and Obtain the sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution (~ 0.1 M) that you standardized last week from your Instructor. 12. Obtain a clean buret and a buret clamp. Make sure the stopcock on the buret is closed. 13. Add ~ 5 ml of the NaOH solution to the buret (rotate the buret to wash down the sides with this NaOH solution) and empty it into the sink. Repeat with another 5 ml of the NaOH solution. 14. Then, fill the buret to the top with the NaOH solution. Place a small beaker or plastic cup under the stopcock and fully open the stopcock allowing ~1 ml of base to exit. Repeat opening and closing the stopcock until no more air bubbles exit the tip of the buret. 15. Adjust the buret so that it is directly above the flask and the stirring plate. 16. Record the starting volume of NaOH in the buret [Data Sheet Q3] and begin to slowly add the base to Flask As base drops onto the acid solution, a pink color appears that rapidly disappears with stirring. As time passes, the color remains longer you should add the base CHEM Experiment

4 dropwise at this point. Eventually, a single drop of base will change the colorless solution to a persistent (for at least 30 seconds) light pink. 18. Record the final volume of base used [Data Sheet Q4]. 19. Repeat Steps for Flasks 2 & 3. Waste Disposal: Dispose of all solutions in the sink flush with plenty of water. Return Clean Burets To Your Instructor. Return any remaining 0.1M NaOH to your Instructor. Lab Report: Once you have turned in your Instructor Data Sheet, lab attendance will be entered and you will be permitted to access the online data / calculation submission part of the lab report (click on Lab 12 ). Enter your data accurately to avoid penalty. The lab program will take you in order to each calculation. If there is an error, you will be given additional submissions (the number and penalty to be determined by your instructor) to correct your calculation. CHEM Experiment

5 Density of Vinegar CHEM Lab 12 Student Data Sheet 1. Mass of 100 ml Volumetric Flask g 2. Mass of Volumetric Flask + Vinegar g Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Initial buret reading 0 ml 0 ml 0 ml Final buret reading ml ml ml Names: Density of Vinegar CHEM Lab 12 Instructor Data Sheet 1. Mass of 100 ml Volumetric Flask g 2. Mass of Volumetric Flask + Vinegar g Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 3. Initial buret reading 0 ml 0 ml 0 ml 4. Final buret reading ml ml ml CHEM Experiment

Standardization of NaOH

Standardization of NaOH EXPERIMENT 18 Prepared by Edward L. Brown, Lee University The student will become familiar with the techniques of titration and the use of a primary standard, Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (KHP). Buret

More information

The Determination of Acid Content in Vinegar

The Determination of Acid Content in Vinegar The Determination of Acid Content in Vinegar Reading assignment: Chang, Chemistry 10 th edition, pages 153-156. Goals We will use a titration to determine the concentration of acetic acid in a sample of

More information

Experiment: TITRATION OF AN ACID WITH A BASE

Experiment: TITRATION OF AN ACID WITH A BASE Experiment: TITRATION OF AN ACID WITH A BASE INTRODUCTION: The word titration is derived from a French word, "titre" which means "to bestow a title upon or to standardize". The purpose of a chemical titration

More information

Titration of Hydrochloric Acid with Sodium Hydroxide

Titration of Hydrochloric Acid with Sodium Hydroxide Cautions: Hydrochloric acid solution is a strong acid. Sodium hydroxide solution is a strong base. Both are harmful to skin and eyes. Affected areas should be washed thoroughly with copious amounts of

More information

STANDARDIZATION OF A SODIUM HYDROXIDE SOLUTION EXPERIMENT 14

STANDARDIZATION OF A SODIUM HYDROXIDE SOLUTION EXPERIMENT 14 STANDARDIZATION OF A SODIUM HYDROXIDE SOLUTION EXPERIMENT 14 OBJECTIVE The objective of this experiment will be the standardization of sodium hydroxide using potassium hydrogen phthalate by the titration

More information

EXPERIMENT 10: TITRATION AND STANDARDIZATION

EXPERIMENT 10: TITRATION AND STANDARDIZATION EXPERIMENT 10: TITRATION AND STANDARDIZATION PURPOSE To determine the molarity of a NaOH solution by titrating it with a standard HCl solution. To determine the molarity of acetic acid in vinegar using

More information

Analyzing the Acid in Vinegar

Analyzing the Acid in Vinegar Analyzing the Acid in Vinegar Purpose: This experiment will analyze the percentage of acetic acid in store bought vinegar using titration. Introduction: Vinegar can be found in almost any home. It can

More information

Ascorbic Acid Titration of Vitamin C Tablets

Ascorbic Acid Titration of Vitamin C Tablets Ascorbic Acid Titration of Vitamin C Tablets Procedure Each Part of lab requires a separate data table. You might want to put each table on a separate page so you can leave room to show equations and calculations.

More information

Lab #10 How much Acetic Acid (%) is in Vinegar?

Lab #10 How much Acetic Acid (%) is in Vinegar? Lab #10 How much Acetic Acid (%) is in Vinegar? SAMPLE CALCULATIONS NEED TO BE DONE BEFORE LAB MEETS!!!! Purpose: You will determine the amount of acetic acid in white vinegar (sold in grocery stores)

More information

TITRATION OF VITAMIN C

TITRATION OF VITAMIN C TITRATION OF VITAMIN C Introduction: In this lab, we will be performing two different types of titrations on ascorbic acid, more commonly known as Vitamin C. The first will be an acid-base titration in

More information

The technique used to measure the volume of sodium hydroxide solution required to react with the acid solution is called titration.

The technique used to measure the volume of sodium hydroxide solution required to react with the acid solution is called titration. Experiment 12 Chem 110 Lab TITRATION I. INTRODUCTION In this experiment you will be determining the molarity of an unknown acid solution by measuring the volume of a sodium hydroxide solution of known

More information

PERCENT ACETIC ACID IN VINEGAR EXPERIMENT 15

PERCENT ACETIC ACID IN VINEGAR EXPERIMENT 15 PERCENT ACETIC ACID IN VINEGAR EXPERIMENT 15 PURPOSE A will be titrated using a standardized to determine the percent acetic acid by mass. INTRODUCTION In order to determine the concentration of a, there

More information

Ascorbic Acid Titration of Vitamin C Tablets This lab will be completed individually! Make sure you come prepared!

Ascorbic Acid Titration of Vitamin C Tablets This lab will be completed individually! Make sure you come prepared! Ascorbic Acid Titration of Vitamin C Tablets This lab will be completed individually! Make sure you come prepared! Introduction Vitamin C (also known as ascorbic acid, HC6H7O6) is a necessary ingredient

More information

Experiment 69. Analysis of Vinegar. Problem. Introduction. How can the acid content of vinegar be determined experimentally?

Experiment 69. Analysis of Vinegar. Problem. Introduction. How can the acid content of vinegar be determined experimentally? A nalys is of Vinega r Experiment 69 Analysis of Vinegar Problem How can the acid content of vinegar be determined experimentally? Introduction Ordinary "white" vinegar is an aqueous (water) solution of

More information

Determination of Citric Acid in Powdered Drink Mixes

Determination of Citric Acid in Powdered Drink Mixes Determination of Citric Acid in Powdered Drink Mixes Citric acid and its salts (sodium citrate and potassium citrate) are found in many foods, drinks, pharmaceuticals, shampoos, and cosmetics. The tartness

More information

Determination of K a and Identification of an Unknown Weak Acid

Determination of K a and Identification of an Unknown Weak Acid 1 Determination of K a and Identification of an Unknown Weak Acid Introduction Purpose: To determine the molar mass and acid dissociation constant K a for an unknown weak acid and thereby identify the

More information

(1) Hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium hypochlorite to form hypochlorous acid: NaOCl(aq) + HCl(aq) HOCl(aq) + NaCl(aq) hypochlorous acid

(1) Hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium hypochlorite to form hypochlorous acid: NaOCl(aq) + HCl(aq) HOCl(aq) + NaCl(aq) hypochlorous acid The Determination of Hypochlorite in Bleach Reading assignment: Chang, Chemistry 10 th edition, pages 156-159. We will study an example of a redox titration in order to determine the concentration of sodium

More information

To see how this data can be used, follow the titration of hydrofluoric acid against sodium hydroxide below. HF (aq) + NaOH (aq) H2O (l) + NaF (aq)

To see how this data can be used, follow the titration of hydrofluoric acid against sodium hydroxide below. HF (aq) + NaOH (aq) H2O (l) + NaF (aq) Weak Acid Titration v120413 You are encouraged to carefully read the following sections in Tro (2 nd ed.) to prepare for this experiment: Sec 4.8, pp 158-159 (Acid/Base Titrations), Sec 16.4, pp 729-43

More information

The introduction of your report should be written on the on the topic of the role of indicators on acid base titrations.

The introduction of your report should be written on the on the topic of the role of indicators on acid base titrations. Experiment # 13A TITRATIONS INTRODUCTION: This experiment will be written as a formal report and has several parts: Experiment 13 A: Basic methods (accuracy and precision) (a) To standardize a base (~

More information

Calcium Carbonate Content of Limestone

Calcium Carbonate Content of Limestone EXPERIMENT Calcium Carbonate Content of Limestone 01 Prepared by Paul C. Smithson, Berea College OBJECTIVE Using chips of limestone rocks, students prepare a powdered sample of limestone, react it with

More information

Lab 7. Analysis of Hard Water

Lab 7. Analysis of Hard Water Lab 7. Analysis of Hard Water Prelab Assignment Before coming to lab: Use the handout "Lab Notebook Policy" as a guide to complete the following sections of your report for this lab exercise before attending

More information

Acid Base Titrations

Acid Base Titrations Acid Base Titrations Introduction A common question chemists have to answer is how much of something is present in a sample or a product. If the product contains an acid or base, this question is usually

More information

Analysis of Hydrogen Peroxide A Redox Titration

Analysis of Hydrogen Peroxide A Redox Titration Analysis of Hydrogen Peroxide A Redox Titration Introduction Hydrogen peroxide is regarded as an "environmentally friendly" alternative to chlorine for water purification and wastewater treatment. Because

More information

Analysis of Commerical Antacids Containing Calcium Carbonate Prelab (Week 1)

Analysis of Commerical Antacids Containing Calcium Carbonate Prelab (Week 1) Analysis of Commerical Antacids Containing Calcium Carbonate Prelab (Week 1) Name Total /10 SHOW ALL WORK NO WORK = NO CREDIT 1. What is the purpose of this experiment? 2. Show the calculation for determining

More information

Pipette 1 buret Ring stand and buret clamp 0.10M NaOH

Pipette 1 buret Ring stand and buret clamp 0.10M NaOH HASPI Medical Chemistry Lab Objectives 1. Calculate the number of moles of aspirin in each of the tablets 2. Calculate the number of moles of needed to titrate the aspirin 3. Calculate the volume of 0.10M

More information

HOW CAN WE DETERMINE THE ACTUAL PERCENTAGE OF H 2 O 2 IN A DRUGSTORE BOTTLE OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

HOW CAN WE DETERMINE THE ACTUAL PERCENTAGE OF H 2 O 2 IN A DRUGSTORE BOTTLE OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE HOW CAN WE DETERMINE THE ACTUAL PERCENTAGE OF H 2 O 2 IN A DRUGSTORE BOTTLE OF HYDROGEN PEROXIDE Introduction Hydrogen peroxide is regarded as an "environmentally friendly" alternative to chlorine for

More information

Acid Base Titration: ph Titration Curve

Acid Base Titration: ph Titration Curve Acid Base Titration: ph Titration Curve OVERVIEW In this experiment, you will perform a ph-monitored titration of acetic acid and of an unknown acid. From the ph titration of the acetic acid, you will

More information

Rev 2016-09-23. Experiment 3

Rev 2016-09-23. Experiment 3 Experiment 3 PREPARATION OF A STANDARD SODIUM HYDROXIDE SOLUTION, DETERMINATION OF PURITY OF IMPURE KHP AND STANDARDIZATION OF HYDROCHLORIC ACID 2 lab periods Reading: Chapter 1 (pg 22-24), Chapter 8,

More information

ph: Measurement and Uses

ph: Measurement and Uses ph: Measurement and Uses One of the most important properties of aqueous solutions is the concentration of hydrogen ion. The concentration of H + (or H 3 O + ) affects the solubility of inorganic and organic

More information

Chem 141 Titration Lab Lecture Notes Samuel A. Abrash

Chem 141 Titration Lab Lecture Notes Samuel A. Abrash Chem 141 Titration Lab Lecture Notes Samuel A. Abrash Q: What is the purpose of this experiment? The purpose of this experiment is to explore two techniques by which we answer the question: How much? One

More information

8 Titration of Acids and bases

8 Titration of Acids and bases 8 Titration of Acids and bases Name: Date: Section: Objectives Reinforce acid-base chemistry principles from chapter 4 in Silberberg Standardize a sodium hydroxide solution Determine the molarity of an

More information

To determine the equivalence points of two titrations from plots of ph versus ml of titrant added.

To determine the equivalence points of two titrations from plots of ph versus ml of titrant added. Titration Curves PURPOSE To determine the equivalence points of two titrations from plots of ph versus ml of titrant added. GOALS 1 To gain experience performing acid-base titrations with a ph meter. 2

More information

PART I: PREPARATION OF SOLUTIONS AND STANDARDIZATION OF A BASE

PART I: PREPARATION OF SOLUTIONS AND STANDARDIZATION OF A BASE TITRATION: STANDARDIZATION OF A BASE AND ANALYSIS OF STOMACH ANTACID TABLETS 2009, 1996, 1973 by David A. Katz. All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted for education use provided original copyright

More information

Experiment 7: Titration of an Antacid

Experiment 7: Titration of an Antacid 1 Experiment 7: Titration of an Antacid Objective: In this experiment, you will standardize a solution of base using the analytical technique known as titration. Using this standardized solution, you will

More information

Determining the Identity of an Unknown Weak Acid

Determining the Identity of an Unknown Weak Acid Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to observe and measure a weak acid neutralization and determine the identity of an unknown acid by titration. Introduction The purpose of this exercise is to identify

More information

Dissolving of sodium hydroxide generates heat. Take care in handling the dilution container.

Dissolving of sodium hydroxide generates heat. Take care in handling the dilution container. TITRATION: STANDARDIZATION OF A BASE AND ANALYSIS OF STOMACH ANTACID TABLETS 2009, 1996, 1973 by David A. Katz. All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted for education use provided original copyright

More information

Determination of the Amount of Acid Neutralized by an Antacid Tablet Using Back Titration

Determination of the Amount of Acid Neutralized by an Antacid Tablet Using Back Titration Determination of the Amount of Acid Neutralized by an Antacid Tablet Using Back Titration GOAL AND OVERVIEW Antacids are bases that react stoichiometrically with acid. The number of moles of acid that

More information

Acid-Base Titrations. Setup for a Typical Titration. Titration 1

Acid-Base Titrations. Setup for a Typical Titration. Titration 1 Titration 1 Acid-Base Titrations Molarities of acidic and basic solutions can be used to convert back and forth between moles of solutes and volumes of their solutions, but how are the molarities of these

More information

Hydrogen Peroxide Analysis

Hydrogen Peroxide Analysis elearning 2009 Introduction Hydrogen Peroxide Analysis Consumer Chemistry Publication No. 91253 Hydrogen peroxide is regarded as an environmentally friendly alternative to chlorine for water purification

More information

To calibrate a ph probe. To become familiar with acid-base titration curves. To determine the concentration of an unknown acid.

To calibrate a ph probe. To become familiar with acid-base titration curves. To determine the concentration of an unknown acid. Experiment 7 Titration Curves of Strong and Weak Acids and Bases To calibrate a ph probe. To become familiar with acid-base titration curves. To determine the concentration of an unknown acid. Goals Equipment

More information

Juice Titration. Background. Acid/Base Titration

Juice Titration. Background. Acid/Base Titration Juice Titration Background Acids in Juice Juice contains both citric and ascorbic acids. Citric acid is used as a natural preservative and provides a sour taste. Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin

More information

Auto-ionization of Water

Auto-ionization of Water 2H 2 O H 3 O + + OH Hydronium ion hydroxide ion Q: But how often does this happen? This is the fundamental concept of all acid-base chemistry In pure water, how much of it is water and how much is ions?

More information

TITRATION OF AN UNKNOWN ACID

TITRATION OF AN UNKNOWN ACID Experiment 6 TITRATIN F AN UNKNWN ACID Prepared by Stephen E. Schullery and Ross Nord, Eastern Michigan University PURPSE To determine the apparent molar mass of an unknown monoprotic acid by titrating

More information

Acid-Base Titration. Evaluation copy. Figure 1

Acid-Base Titration. Evaluation copy. Figure 1 Acid-Base Titration Computer 24 A titration is a process used to determine the volume of a solution needed to react with a given amount of another substance. In this experiment, you will titrate hydrochloric

More information

Experiment # 6 Determining the percent composition of a mixture by acid-base

Experiment # 6 Determining the percent composition of a mixture by acid-base Experiment # 6 Determining the percent composition of a mixture by acid-base Objective Determine the percent composition of a mixture of sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 ), sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 ) and

More information

Experiment 17: Potentiometric Titration

Experiment 17: Potentiometric Titration 1 Experiment 17: Potentiometric Titration Objective: In this experiment, you will use a ph meter to follow the course of acid-base titrations. From the resulting titration curves, you will determine the

More information

EXPERIMENT 2 THE HYDROLYSIS OF t-butyl CHLORIDE. PURPOSE: To verify a proposed mechanism for the hydrolysis of t-butyl Chloride.

EXPERIMENT 2 THE HYDROLYSIS OF t-butyl CHLORIDE. PURPOSE: To verify a proposed mechanism for the hydrolysis of t-butyl Chloride. PURPOSE: To verify a proposed mechanism for the hydrolysis of t-butyl Chloride. PRINCIPLES: Once the Rate Law for a reaction has been experimentally established the next step is its explanation in terms

More information

UNIT 14 - Acids & Bases

UNIT 14 - Acids & Bases COMMON ACIDS NOTES lactic acetic phosphoric citric malic PROPERTIES OF ACIDS 1. 1. PROPERTIES OF BASES 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. NAMING ACIDS NOTES Binary acids (H + one element) Practice: 1. hydro- - HF

More information

15. Acid-Base Titration. Discover the concentration of an unknown acid solution using acid-base titration.

15. Acid-Base Titration. Discover the concentration of an unknown acid solution using acid-base titration. S HIFT INTO NEUTRAL 15. Acid-Base Titration Shift into Neutral Student Instruction Sheet Challenge Discover the concentration of an unknown acid solution using acid-base titration. Equipment and Materials

More information

Acid Dissociation Constants and the Titration of a Weak Acid

Acid Dissociation Constants and the Titration of a Weak Acid Acid Dissociation Constants and the Titration of a Weak Acid One of the most important applications of equilibria is the chemistry of acids and bases. The Brønsted-Lowry acid-base theory defines an acid

More information

Acetic Acid Content of Vinegar: An Acid-Base Titration E10-1

Acetic Acid Content of Vinegar: An Acid-Base Titration E10-1 Experiment 10 Acetic Acid Content of Vinegar: An Acid-Base Titration E10-1 E10-2 The task The goal of this experiment is to determine accurately the concentration of acetic acid in vinegar via volumetric

More information

Calcium Analysis by EDTA Titration

Calcium Analysis by EDTA Titration Calcium Analysis by EDTA Titration ne of the factors that establish the quality of a water supply is its degree of hardness. The hardness of water is defined in terms of its content of calcium and magnesium

More information

Volumetric Analysis. Lecture 5 Experiment 9 in Beran page 109 Prelab = Page 115

Volumetric Analysis. Lecture 5 Experiment 9 in Beran page 109 Prelab = Page 115 Volumetric Analysis Lecture 5 Experiment 9 in Beran page 109 Prelab = Page 115 Experimental Aims To prepare and standardize (determine concentration) a NaOH solution Using your standardized NaOH calculate

More information

Evaluation copy. Titration of a Diprotic Acid: Identifying an Unknown. Computer

Evaluation copy. Titration of a Diprotic Acid: Identifying an Unknown. Computer Titration of a Diprotic Acid: Identifying an Unknown Computer 25 A diprotic acid is an acid that yields two H + ions per acid molecule. Examples of diprotic acids are sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4, and carbonic

More information

Chem 1B Saddleback College Dr. White 1. Experiment 8 Titration Curve for a Monoprotic Acid

Chem 1B Saddleback College Dr. White 1. Experiment 8 Titration Curve for a Monoprotic Acid Chem 1B Saddleback College Dr. White 1 Experiment 8 Titration Curve for a Monoprotic Acid Objectives To learn the difference between titration curves involving a strong acid with a strong base and a weak

More information

Name: AP Chemistry Date: Mr.Grodski III

Name: AP Chemistry Date: Mr.Grodski III Lab 7 Titration of Tums The parietal cells in the stomach secrete hydrochloric acid at a concentration of about 0.155 M (ph normally between 2 and 3). The amount of HCl secreted increases when food enters

More information

Determination of the Identity of an Unknown Weak Acid

Determination of the Identity of an Unknown Weak Acid Determination of the Identity of an Unknown Weak Acid Adapted from R. C. Kerber et. al http://www.sinc.sunysb.edu/class/orgolab/che199_susb014.pdf; W.F. Kinard et.al http://www.cofc.edu/~kinard/221lchem/2002chem221labschedule.htm;

More information

Analysis of Vitamin C Using Iodine. Introduction

Analysis of Vitamin C Using Iodine. Introduction Analysis of Vitamin C Using Iodine Introduction Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid using a mild oxidizing agent such as iodine. The oxidation is a two- electron process, following

More information

Acid-Base Titrations Using ph Measurements

Acid-Base Titrations Using ph Measurements Acid-Base Titrations Using ph Measurements Introduction According to the Brønsted Lowry definition, an acid is a substance that donates a hydrogen ion and a base is a substance which will accept a hydrogen

More information

Turn in your graphs and pages 9-12 ONLY

Turn in your graphs and pages 9-12 ONLY CHEM 152 WINTER 2010 POTENTIOMETRIC TITRATIONS Fill-in, Prelab attached (p 12) Name Turn in your graphs and pages 9-12 ONLY LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After completing this experiment, you should feel comfortable:

More information

ph Measurement and Titration

ph Measurement and Titration Name: Section LEARNING GOALS Chemistry 118 Laboratory University of Massachusetts Boston Measurement and Titration 1. Gain experience using acid/base indicators 2. Learn how to use a meter 3. Gain experience

More information

Calibration of Volumetric Glassware

Calibration of Volumetric Glassware CHEM 311L Quantitative Analysis Laboratory Revision 2.3 Calibration of Volumetric Glassware In this laboratory exercise, we will calibrate the three types of glassware typically used by an analytical chemist;

More information

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Chemistry 5.310 Laboratory Chemistry THE POTENTIOMETRIC TITRATION OF AN ACID MIXTURE 1

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Chemistry 5.310 Laboratory Chemistry THE POTENTIOMETRIC TITRATION OF AN ACID MIXTURE 1 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Chemistry 5.310 Laboratory Chemistry EXPERIMENT #5 THE POTENTIOMETRIC TITRATION OF AN ACID MIXTURE 1 I. PURPOSE OF THE EXPERIMENT In this experiment

More information

Lab 25. Acid-Base Titration and Neutralization Reactions: What Is the Concentration of Acetic Acid in Each Sample of Vinegar?

Lab 25. Acid-Base Titration and Neutralization Reactions: What Is the Concentration of Acetic Acid in Each Sample of Vinegar? Lab 25. Acid-Base Titration and Neutralization Reactions: What Is the Concentration of Acetic Acid in Each Sample of Vinegar? Introduction Vinegar is basically a solution of acetic acid (CH3COOH). It is

More information

Determination of Sodium Hypochlorite Levels in Bleach

Determination of Sodium Hypochlorite Levels in Bleach Determination of Sodium Hypochlorite Levels in Bleach Household bleach is a solution of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and water. It is widely used as a disinfectant and in the bleaching of textiles and paper

More information

The Bleach Strength Test A Chemical Test Method to Determine the Strength of Sodium Hypochlorite

The Bleach Strength Test A Chemical Test Method to Determine the Strength of Sodium Hypochlorite The Bleach Strength Test A Chemical Test Method to Determine the Strength of Sodium Hypochlorite Background The liquid sodium hypochlorite made by the Continuous Bleach Manufacturing Plant or by other

More information

EXPERIMENT 12 A SOLUBILITY PRODUCT CONSTANT

EXPERIMENT 12 A SOLUBILITY PRODUCT CONSTANT PURPOSE: 1. To determine experimentally the molar solubility of potassium acid tartrate in water and in a solution of potassium nitrate. 2. To examine the effect of a common ion on the solubility of slightly

More information

ph Measurement and its Applications

ph Measurement and its Applications ph Measurement and its Applications Objectives: To measure the ph of various solutions using ph indicators and meter. To determine the value of K a for an unknown acid. To perform a ph titration (OPTIONAL,

More information

Introduction. Depolymerization of Poly(lactic acid) Cups to Lactic Acid. Experiment

Introduction. Depolymerization of Poly(lactic acid) Cups to Lactic Acid. Experiment Experiment Depolymerization of Poly(lactic acid) Cups to Lactic Acid 6 Introduction Poly(lactic acid), or PLA, is a biobased polymer that is a promising alternative to fossil-fuel based plastics. PLA is

More information

Austin Peay State University Department of Chemistry CHEM 1111. Copper Cycle

Austin Peay State University Department of Chemistry CHEM 1111. Copper Cycle Cautions Nitric acid and sulfuric acid are toxic and oxidizers and may burn your skin. Nitrogen dioxide gas produced is hazardous if inhaled. Sodium hydroxide is toxic and corrosive and will cause burns

More information

ANALYSIS of DRAIN CLEANERS WITH a ph METER

ANALYSIS of DRAIN CLEANERS WITH a ph METER ANALYSIS of DRAIN CLEANERS WITH a ph METER LAB PH 3 From Juniata College SIM INTRODUCTION Most common household cleaners contain acids or bases. Acidic cleaners, such as toilet bowl cleaners, often contain

More information

Continuous process of sodium bicarbonate production by Solvay method

Continuous process of sodium bicarbonate production by Solvay method Continuous process of sodium bicarbonate production by Solvay method Manual to experiment nr 10 Instructor: Dr Tomasz S. Pawłowski 1 Goal of the experiment The goal of the experiment is introduction of

More information

DETERMINATION OF PHOSPHORIC ACID CONTENT IN SOFT DRINKS

DETERMINATION OF PHOSPHORIC ACID CONTENT IN SOFT DRINKS DETERMINATION OF PHOSPHORIC ACID CONTENT IN SOFT DRINKS LAB PH 8 From Chemistry with Calculators, Vernier Software & Technology, 2000 INTRODUCTION Phosphoric acid is one of several weak acids that present

More information

AP FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS ACIDS/BASES

AP FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS ACIDS/BASES AP FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS ACIDS/BASES 199 D A chemical reaction occurs when 100. milliliters of 0.200molar HCl is added dropwise to 100. milliliters of 0.100molar Na 3 P0 solution. (a) Write the two net

More information

Carolina s Solution Preparation Manual

Carolina s Solution Preparation Manual 84-1201 Carolina s Solution Preparation Manual Instructions Carolina Biological Supply Company has created this reference manual to enable you to prepare solutions. Although many types of solutions may

More information

EDTA Titrations 1: Standardization of EDTA and Analysis of Zinc in a Supplement Tablet. by Professor David Cash. September, 2008

EDTA Titrations 1: Standardization of EDTA and Analysis of Zinc in a Supplement Tablet. by Professor David Cash. September, 2008 CHEMICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND BIOTECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT EDTA Titrations 1: Standardization of EDTA and Analysis of Zinc in a Supplement Tablet by Professor David Cash September, 2008 Mohawk College is the

More information

Experiment 9: Acids and Bases Adapted from: Chemistry, Experimental Foundations, 4th Ed. Laboratory Manual, by Merrill, Parry & Bassow.

Experiment 9: Acids and Bases Adapted from: Chemistry, Experimental Foundations, 4th Ed. Laboratory Manual, by Merrill, Parry & Bassow. Chem 121 Lab Clark College Experiment 9: Acids and Bases Adapted from: Chemistry, Experimental Foundations, 4th Ed. Laboratory Manual, by Merrill, Parry & Bassow. Content Goals: Increase understanding

More information

TITRATION CURVES, INDICATORS, AND ACID DISSOCIATION CONSTANTS

TITRATION CURVES, INDICATORS, AND ACID DISSOCIATION CONSTANTS TITRATION CURVES, INDICATORS, AND ACID DISSOCIATION CONSTANTS Adapted from "Chemistry with Computers" Vernier Software, Portland OR, 1997 INTRODUCTION Titration is the volumetric measurement of a solution

More information

Expt. 4: ANALYSIS FOR SODIUM CARBONATE

Expt. 4: ANALYSIS FOR SODIUM CARBONATE Expt. 4: ANALYSIS FOR SODIUM CARBONATE Introduction In this experiment, a solution of hydrochloric acid is prepared, standardized against pure sodium carbonate, and used to determine the percentage of

More information

Lab 4. Analysis of Vitamin C

Lab 4. Analysis of Vitamin C Lab 4. Analysis of Vitamin C Chemistry 162 Revised Winter 2011 K. Marr Prelab Assignment Before coming to lab: This exercise does not require a report in your lab notebook. Record your experimental results,

More information

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION Description Students determine the percent of hydrogen peroxide in store-bought hydrogen peroxide by titration with potassium permanganate. The potassium permanganate

More information

ph units constitute a scale which allows scientists to determine the acid or base content of a substance or solution. The ph 0

ph units constitute a scale which allows scientists to determine the acid or base content of a substance or solution. The ph 0 ACID-BASE TITRATION LAB PH 2.PALM INTRODUCTION Acids and bases represent a major class of chemical substances. We encounter them every day as we eat, clean our homes and ourselves, and perform many other

More information

Where the exp subscripts refer to the experimental temperature and pressure acquired in the laboratory.

Where the exp subscripts refer to the experimental temperature and pressure acquired in the laboratory. Molar Volume of Carbon Dioxide Reading assignment: Julia Burdge, Chemistry 3rd edition, Chapter 10. Goals To determine the molar volume of carbon dioxide gas and the amount of sodium carbonate in a sample.

More information

Phenolphthalein-NaOH Kinetics

Phenolphthalein-NaOH Kinetics Phenolphthalein-NaOH Kinetics Phenolphthalein is one of the most common acid-base indicators used to determine the end point in acid-base titrations. It is also the active ingredient in some laxatives.

More information

CHM220 Nucleophilic Substitution Lab. Studying S N 1 and S N 2 Reactions: Nucloephilic Substitution at Saturated Carbon*

CHM220 Nucleophilic Substitution Lab. Studying S N 1 and S N 2 Reactions: Nucloephilic Substitution at Saturated Carbon* CHM220 Nucleophilic Substitution Lab Studying S N 1 and S N 2 Reactions: Nucloephilic Substitution at Saturated Carbon* Purpose: To convert a primary alcohol to an alkyl bromide using an S N 2 reaction

More information

Reaction of Magnesium with Hydrochloric Acid (Gas Laws) Chemicals Needed:

Reaction of Magnesium with Hydrochloric Acid (Gas Laws) Chemicals Needed: Reaction of Magnesium with Hydrochloric Acid (Gas Laws) Your Name: Date: Partner(s) Names: Objectives: React magnesium metal with hydrochloric acid, collecting the hydrogen over water. Calculate the grams

More information

LESSON ASSIGNMENT. After completing this lesson, you should be able to: 7-1. Solve basic titration problems.

LESSON ASSIGNMENT. After completing this lesson, you should be able to: 7-1. Solve basic titration problems. LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 7 Titration. TEXT ASSIGNMENT Paragraphs 7-1 through 7-5. LESSON OBJECTIVES After completing this lesson, you should be able to: 7-1. Solve basic titration problems. 7-2. Convert

More information

Experiment 15 Vitamins

Experiment 15 Vitamins Experiment 15 Vitamins Part 1: Solubility of Vitamins Vitamins are organic compounds that are required as cofactors for specific enzymes. They are not synthesized in the body and therefore must be obtained

More information

Measurement and Calibration

Measurement and Calibration Adapted from: H. A. Neidig and J. N. Spencer Modular Laboratory Program in Chemistry Thompson Learning;, University of Pittsburgh Chemistry 0110 Laboratory Manual, 1998. Purpose To gain an understanding

More information

FAJANS DETERMINATION OF CHLORIDE

FAJANS DETERMINATION OF CHLORIDE EXPERIMENT 3 FAJANS DETERMINATION OF CHLORIDE Silver chloride is very insoluble in water. Addition of AgNO 3 to a solution containing chloride ions results in formation of a finely divided white precipitate

More information

Coordination Compounds with Copper (II) Prelab (Week 2)

Coordination Compounds with Copper (II) Prelab (Week 2) Coordination Compounds with Copper (II) Prelab (Week 2) Name Total /10 SHOW ALL WORK NO WORK = NO CREDIT 1. What is the purpose of this experiment? 2. Write the generic chemical formula for the coordination

More information

Chemistry 112 Laboratory Experiment 6: The Reaction of Aluminum and Zinc with Hydrochloric Acid

Chemistry 112 Laboratory Experiment 6: The Reaction of Aluminum and Zinc with Hydrochloric Acid Chemistry 112 Laboratory Experiment 6: The Reaction of Aluminum and Zinc with Hydrochloric Acid Introduction Many metals react with acids to form hydrogen gas. In this experiment, you will use the reactions

More information

Determination of Ascorbic Acid in Vitamin C Tablets by Redox and Acid/Base Titrations

Determination of Ascorbic Acid in Vitamin C Tablets by Redox and Acid/Base Titrations hemistry 211 Spring 2011 Purpose: Determination of Ascorbic Acid in Vitamin Tablets by Redox and Acid/Base Titrations To determine the quantity of Vitamin (ascorbic acid) found in commercially available

More information

Determination of calcium by Standardized EDTA Solution

Determination of calcium by Standardized EDTA Solution Determination of calcium by Standardized EDTA Solution Introduction The classic method of determining calcium and other suitable cations is titration with a standardized solution of ethylenediaminetetraacetic

More information

n molarity = M = N.B.: n = litres (solution)

n molarity = M = N.B.: n = litres (solution) 1. CONCENTRATION UNITS A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more chemical substances. If we have a solution made from a solid and a liquid, we say that the solid is dissolved in the liquid and

More information

Vitamin C Content of Fruit Juice

Vitamin C Content of Fruit Juice 1 Vitamin C Content of Fruit Juice Introduction Vitamin C Vitamins are organic compounds that have important biological functions. For instance, in humans they enable a variety of enzymes in the body to

More information

Experiment 4 (Future - Lab needs an unknown)

Experiment 4 (Future - Lab needs an unknown) Experiment 4 (Future - Lab needs an unknown) USING A ph TITRATION TO DETERMINE THE ACID CONTENT OF SOFT DRINKS 2 lab periods Reading: Chapter 9, 185-197; Chapter 10, pg 212-218; Chapter 14 pg 317-323,

More information

Titrating A Known Acid Using A ph Meter to Determine the Endpoint of Titration

Titrating A Known Acid Using A ph Meter to Determine the Endpoint of Titration Titrating A Known Acid Using A ph Meter to Determine the Endpoint of Titration Introduction Up to this point in your chemistry career, you have utilized visual endpoints to know when to stop titrating.

More information

COMMON LABORATORY APPARATUS

COMMON LABORATORY APPARATUS COMMON LABORATORY APPARATUS Beakers are useful as a reaction container or to hold liquid or solid samples. They are also used to catch liquids from titrations and filtrates from filtering operations. Bunsen

More information

18 Conductometric Titration

18 Conductometric Titration Lab Activity 18 CONDUCTOMETRIC TITRATION LAB ACTIVITY 18 Conductometric Titration Background Titration is the a method of determining the concentration of an unknown solution (the analyte) by reacting

More information