Rule #1: name Examples: Rule #2: Examples: Rule #3: Examples:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Rule #1: name Examples: Rule #2: Examples: Rule #3: Examples:"

Transcription

1 GRAMMAR ESSENTIALS

2 CAPITALIZATION RULES Rule #1: Capitalize ALL proper nouns (name of a person, place, or thing) Examples: Native Americans, Plymouth Colony, Crazy Horse, Battle of Little Bighorn (historical event), George A. Custer Rule #2: Capitalize titles of person if they come right before his or her name Examples: Governor John Carver, President Barack Obama, Senator Claire McCaskill Rule #3: Capitalize titles when used as a proper noun (replaces the person s name) Examples: Yesterday Mom went to the store. / My mom went to the store yesterday.

3 CAPITALIZATION RULES Rule #4: Do not capitalize seasons. Examples: fall, spring, autumn, summer, winter Rule #5: Capitalize proper adjectives Examples: American history, Chinese food, Mexican restaurant

4 CAPITALIZING TITLES Rule #1: ALWAYS capitalize the first and last words in a title Rule #2: Capitalize nouns, pronouns, verbs (linking and action), adjectives, and adverbs Rule #3: DO NOT capitalize prepositions (of, in, on, under, with, etc.) OR conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so), articles (the, a, an) UNLESS THEY START OR END THE TITLE Examples: Where the Red Fern Grows How to Promote Your Small Business in Five Easy Steps The Running Dream What Color Is Your Parachute?

5 EXIT TICKET Rewrite the following sentences using correct capitalization. 1. i wish my teacher would read the adventures of tom sawyer to us. 2. if i could vote in the next election, i would vote congressman sam graves into the house of representatives. 3. when discussing the civil rights movement, we discuss the book to kill a mockingbird and what it means to african americans.

6 GRAMMAR ESSENTIALS

7 COMMA AND SEMI-COLON (COMPOUND SENTENCES) Using your whiteboard, write the subject or subjects of the following sentence. My mom went to the store yesterday, but she forgot to get milk. Using your whiteboard, write down the verb(s) of the above sentence.

8 WHAT IS A COMPOUND SENTENCE? Compound sentences are. two complete sentences at least two subjects at least two verbs connected with a semi-colon OR a comma and conjunction (FANBOYS)

9 PRACTICE 1. Mrs. Reinsch loves using a semi-colon she prefers them over using a comma and conjunction. 2. Mrs. Reinsch loves using a semi-colon and she prefers them over using a comma and conjunction. 3. Jill wrote about her work in Africa she is teaching English in Tanzania. 4. The equator cuts through Africa however most land lies north of it. 5. Southern Africa lies in the temperature zone but snow falls there occasionally.

10 COMMA AND SEMI-COLON EXIT TICKET 1. Write a compound sentence using a comma and conjunction. 2. Write a compound sentence using a semi-colon. 3. Connect two sentences using the transition additionally and a semi-colon.

11 SINGULAR/ PLURAL What does it mean when a word is singular? Examples: city, boy, friend, ox, man, woman What does it mean when a word is plural? Examples: cities, boys, friends, oxen, men, women What does it mean when a word is possessive? Examples: cat s, boys, men s,

12 POSSESSIVE VS. CONTRACTION What does it mean when a word is possessive? Examples: cat s, boys, men s What is a contraction? Examples: it s, we ll, isn t, we re

13 USING APOSTROPHES Rule #1: Use an apostrophe and s to form the possessive of a singular noun. Examples: Jason s, baby s, car s Rule #2: Use an apostrophe and s to form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s. Examples: men s, women s, oxen s, geese s Rule #3: Use an apostrophe alone to form the possessive of a plural noun that ends in s. Examples: boys, babies, Thompsons Rule #4: Use an apostrophe to replace letters that have been omitted in a contraction. Examples: it + is = it s / I + will = I ll

14 EXIT TICKET Do not write the following sentences. Only write words that are possessive, contractions, and plural. Add apostrophes when necessary. 1. My friends bicycles are ready for a long trip. 2. The coach gave rings to the girls. 3. Well have to go pick up the babys pictures tomorrow. 4. Todays cities arent built beneath the earth.

15 PUNCTUATING TITLES Underlining/Italics Quotes Books Short stories/chapter of Book Plays/Long Poems Poems Magazines/Newspapers Articles Movies/T.V. Programs Episodes of T.V. programs Art Work Long Musical Compositions Songs Ships Aircrafts Spacecrafts ~ Don t punctuate any title of your personal writing.~

16 RULES OF DIALOGUE 1. Use quotation marks before and after a character's exact words. Tell me about the books you are reading, announced Mr. Hayes. 2. Commas and periods are placed inside the quotation marks. We are not talking about movies, Mr. Hayes replied. Mr. Hayes replied, We are not talking about movies. 3. Use a comma after a dialogue tag, if it starts the quote. 4. If a quotation is not split or separated by a dialogue tag, don t close the quotation until the speaker is finished. Fred replied, Hey, has anyone seen the TV series, Crisis? My friend Caleb played a stand-in part in the first episode.

17 RULES OF DIALOGUE CONTINUED Use the following format if the dialogue tag interrupts two complete sentences. We are not talking about movies, Mr. Hayes replied. We are discussing books. Use the following format if it interrupts one complete thought. If we do not get back on track, yelled Mr. Hayes, we will not finish our assignment.

18 DIALOGUE AND TITLES When someone new starts talking, you must start a new paragraph. Tell me about the books you are reading, announced Mr. Hayes. I am reading Divergent, exclaimed Fred. Divergent? asked Tony. I love that movie. We are not talking about movies, Mr. Hayes replied. We are discussing books. Oh, I don t like reading, but I ll go to the movies any day, Tony chuckled. Fred replied, Hey, has anyone seen the TV show, Crisis? My friend Caleb played a stand-in part in the first episode. Ok, class, I think we need to get back on track, Mr. Hayes proclaimed as he looked sternly over his glasses.

19 EXIT TICKET Write the following correctly. I was walking through the mall one day when I met a group of my friends. Hey, what are you doing here? I asked. I thought you guys had to stay after school today to finish your report over the book the running dream. no, we got out of that detention because Mrs. Jones decided we really didn t deserve it said Mary. Sue said are you here to shop or browse? A little bit of both I replied because I need to find a birthday card for my cousin. I also really want to check out the sales, and I m meeting my family later to see the new movie catching fire.

Sentences: Types, and Common Mistakes

Sentences: Types, and Common Mistakes Sentences: Types, and Common Mistakes Sentences are classified as simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. This designation is based on the clauses used to create the sentence. Clauses: Every clause

More information

4th Grade Sentence Structures

4th Grade Sentence Structures Name 4th Grade Sentence Structures 1. Complete Sentences A complete sentence is a set of words that contains a subject and a predicate. Here is a basic complete sentence: Fish swim. It is possible to have

More information

Livingston Public Schools Scope and Sequence K 6 Grammar and Mechanics

Livingston Public Schools Scope and Sequence K 6 Grammar and Mechanics Grade and Unit Timeframe Grammar Mechanics K Unit 1 6 weeks Oral grammar naming words K Unit 2 6 weeks Oral grammar Capitalization of a Name action words K Unit 3 6 weeks Oral grammar sentences Sentence

More information

Final Exam Grammar Review. 5. Explain the difference between a proper noun and a common noun.

Final Exam Grammar Review. 5. Explain the difference between a proper noun and a common noun. Final Exam Grammar Review Nouns 1. Definition of a noun: person, place, thing, or idea 2. Give four examples of nouns: 1. teacher 2. lesson 3. classroom 4. hope 3. Definition of compound noun: two nouns

More information

Use quotation marks and capitals where needed in these sentences.

Use quotation marks and capitals where needed in these sentences. QUOTATION MARKS Lesson 1 Use quotation marks around the exact words of a speaker. When the words identifying the speaker come between the parts of the quotation, put quotation marks around each part. Example:

More information

7th Grade Grammar Review Packet

7th Grade Grammar Review Packet 7th Grade Grammar Review Packet KEY 1. Nouns 1. A noun is defined as a: person, place, thing or idea 2. A proper noun is: a specific person, place, thing or idea 3. A proper noun always starts with a:

More information

GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS Understanding Relative Clauses

GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS Understanding Relative Clauses GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS Understanding Relative Clauses A relative (or adjective) clause modifies a noun or pronoun and is introduced by a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, or that) or occasionally

More information

This handout will discuss two types of dependent clauses: subordinate clauses and adjective clauses.

This handout will discuss two types of dependent clauses: subordinate clauses and adjective clauses. DEPENDENT CLAUSES All sentences consist of one or more clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. Some clauses are independent while others are dependent, and for a sentence

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Sentence Parts. Abbreviations

Sentence Parts. Abbreviations Sentence Parts Daily Grammar Practice Day 2 Tuesday what do I do with all those labels from Monday? First, don t ignore what you did yesterday. Use Monday s labels as a guide. 1. Label any prepositional

More information

Grammar and Mechanics Test 3

Grammar and Mechanics Test 3 Grammar and Mechanics 3 Name: Instructions: Copyright 2000-2002 Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved : Grammar and Mechanics 3 1. Which sentence is missing punctuation? A. My best friend was born on

More information

Nouns may show possession or ownership. Use an apostrophe with a noun to show something belongs to someone or to something.

Nouns may show possession or ownership. Use an apostrophe with a noun to show something belongs to someone or to something. Nouns Section 1.4 Possessive Nouns Nouns may show possession or ownership. Use an apostrophe with a noun to show something belongs to someone or to something. Jane s dress is red. The table s legs were

More information

Albert Pye and Ravensmere Schools Grammar Curriculum

Albert Pye and Ravensmere Schools Grammar Curriculum Albert Pye and Ravensmere Schools Grammar Curriculum Introduction The aim of our schools own grammar curriculum is to ensure that all relevant grammar content is introduced within the primary years in

More information

PRONOUNS You, Me, I, Myself

PRONOUNS You, Me, I, Myself Just between you and me. PRONOUNS You, Me, I, Myself Or should it be "Just Between You and I"? Are you sure? Well, let s settle it by saying "Just Between Us." There s no question about that, it couldn

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

GUIDE TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR

GUIDE TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR GUIDE TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR Comma Rules, Subjects and Verbs, Who vs. Whom, Independent and Dependent Clauses, Run-Ons, Comma Splices, and more! Fredericksburg Area Campus (540) 891-3017 Locust Grove Campus

More information

SENTENCE STRUCTURE BASICS

SENTENCE STRUCTURE BASICS ENTENCE TRUCTURE BAIC All sentences consist of one or more clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. ome clauses are independent, and others are dependent. For a sentence

More information

Year 3 Grammar Guide. For Children and Parents MARCHWOOD JUNIOR SCHOOL

Year 3 Grammar Guide. For Children and Parents MARCHWOOD JUNIOR SCHOOL MARCHWOOD JUNIOR SCHOOL Year 3 Grammar Guide For Children and Parents A guide to the key grammar skills and understanding that your child will be learning this year with examples and practice questions

More information

Grammar Academic Review

Grammar Academic Review Name Grammar Academic Review s Hour s are used in place of nouns. s can be singular or plural. I you he she it they we me him her them us Isaac is in the bad. He is in the band. Connor and Brook like to

More information

Grammar Kinds of Sentences

Grammar Kinds of Sentences Kinds of Sentences There are four kinds of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory. 1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. It tells something, states a fact or opinion,

More information

Pupil SPAG Card 1. Terminology for pupils. I Can Date Word

Pupil SPAG Card 1. Terminology for pupils. I Can Date Word Pupil SPAG Card 1 1 I know about regular plural noun endings s or es and what they mean (for example, dog, dogs; wish, wishes) 2 I know the regular endings that can be added to verbs (e.g. helping, helped,

More information

TERMS. Parts of Speech

TERMS. Parts of Speech TERMS Parts of Speech Noun: a word that names a person, place, thing, quality, or idea (examples: Maggie, Alabama, clarinet, satisfaction, socialism). Pronoun: a word used in place of a noun (examples:

More information

Punctuating Dialogue Grade Six

Punctuating Dialogue Grade Six Ohio Standards Connection Writing Applications Benchmark A Use narrative strategies (e.g., dialogue and action) to develop characters, plot and setting and maintain a consistent point of view. Indicator

More information

Pronoun and Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun and Antecedent Agreement Pronoun and Antecedent Agreement Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. The antecedent of a pronoun is the word to which the pronoun refers. The pronoun and its antecedent agree in gender and

More information

English -GRAMMAR AND READING ACTIVITIES- 6th Level San José SSCC School Seville- MARCH MY BIRTHDAY STUDYING MONTH WATCHING ARE TEST YES DOING

English -GRAMMAR AND READING ACTIVITIES- 6th Level San José SSCC School Seville- MARCH MY BIRTHDAY STUDYING MONTH WATCHING ARE TEST YES DOING Name: A) Write a short composition about your daily routine using present simple and frequency adverbs. You can use the previous text ( My Daily Routine )as a model to do your work. A) COMPLETE THE CONVERSATION:

More information

Prepositions. off. down. beneath. around. above. during

Prepositions. off. down. beneath. around. above. during Prepositions In the above sentences, the words in bold print are prepositions; arrows indicate the words each preposition connects. The noun or pronoun that comes after each preposition is called the object

More information

Getting a Sense of the Sentence

Getting a Sense of the Sentence Getting a Sense of the Sentence The purpose of this handout is to give you a brief overview of what a correct sentence is and how to write different types of correct sentences. Definition of a Correct

More information

Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences. Fragments Although he wanted to go to the meeting. Whoever goes to the meeting.

Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences. Fragments Although he wanted to go to the meeting. Whoever goes to the meeting. Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences A sentence is a group of words that names something and makes a statement about what is named. A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence because it lacks a subject,

More information

Chapter 3 - Growing with Verbs. A verb that helps another verb is called a helping verb. It comes before the main verb to tell about the action.

Chapter 3 - Growing with Verbs. A verb that helps another verb is called a helping verb. It comes before the main verb to tell about the action. 120 Chapter 3 - Growing with Verbs 3.12 Helping Verbs A verb that helps another verb is called a helping verb. It comes before the main verb to tell about the action. John will ride his scooter. She has

More information

English. Universidad Virtual. Curso de sensibilización a la PAEP (Prueba de Admisión a Estudios de Posgrado) Parts of Speech. Nouns.

English. Universidad Virtual. Curso de sensibilización a la PAEP (Prueba de Admisión a Estudios de Posgrado) Parts of Speech. Nouns. English Parts of speech Parts of Speech There are eight parts of speech. Here are some of their highlights. Nouns Pronouns Adjectives Articles Verbs Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Click on any of the

More information

RELATIVE CLAUSES PRACTICE

RELATIVE CLAUSES PRACTICE RELATIVE CLAUSES PRACTICE I. INTRODUCTION CLAUSE: A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: An independent clause is a complete sentence. It contains the main subject

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

Multisensory Grammar Online

Multisensory Grammar Online 4433 Bissonnet Bellaire, Texas 77401 713.664.7676 f: 713.664.4744 Multisensory Grammar Online You will need: Manual This handout Pen or pencil for note taking Colored pencils or crayons: red, yellow, orange,

More information

Parts of Speech. Skills Team, University of Hull

Parts of Speech. Skills Team, University of Hull Parts of Speech Skills Team, University of Hull Language comes before grammar, which is only an attempt to describe a language. Knowing the grammar of a language does not mean you can speak or write it

More information

English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation The grammar of our first language is learnt naturally and implicitly through interactions with other speakers and from reading. Explicit knowledge

More information

A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun.

A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. Prepositions A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. Example: after dinner After is the preposition Dinner is the object of the preposition After dinner is the

More information

Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced

Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced Proficiency Evaluation Test Intermediate to Advanced Name I. Grammar / Vocabulary II. Reading Comprehension III. Writing Sample IV. Conversation / Interview Directions for the Tutor: Allow the participant

More information

Year 7. Grammar booklet 3 and tasks Sentences, phrases and clauses

Year 7. Grammar booklet 3 and tasks Sentences, phrases and clauses Year 7 Grammar booklet 3 and tasks Sentences, phrases and clauses Types of Sentence There are 4 main types of sentences. A question asks something and needs a question mark. What s the matter? A statement

More information

REPORTED SPEECH. Reported speech is used to retell or report what other person has actually said. It is a very usual function in everyday language.

REPORTED SPEECH. Reported speech is used to retell or report what other person has actually said. It is a very usual function in everyday language. REPORTED SPEECH USE Reported speech is used to retell or report what other person has actually said. It is a very usual function in everyday language. STRUCTURE Formal aspects We can find different ways

More information

Bauer College of Business Writing Style Guide

Bauer College of Business Writing Style Guide Bauer College of Business Writing Style Guide This guide is intended to help you adopt a style of written communication that is appropriate for the real world of business. It is not intended to replace

More information

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How

More information

7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense

7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense Chapter 7 Verb Usage 211 7.5 Emphatic Verb Tense The emphatic tenses of a verb are used to add emphasis. In addition, the emphatic tense can be used with the word not in negative sentences and to form

More information

Superstars Building Fry List Fluency

Superstars Building Fry List Fluency Sight Word Superstars Building Fry List Fluency By Jennifer Bates http://finallyinfirst.blogspot.com/ How I use this program I developed this program because I noticed many of my students were still trying

More information

PUNCTUATION. A brief overview

PUNCTUATION. A brief overview PUNCTUATION A brief overview WHAT S PUNCTUATION AGAIN? Punctuation, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, is: The act or practice of inserting standardized marks or signs in written matter to clarify

More information

C.O.P.S. A Skit for a Writing Strategy. Officer #1: Hi boys and girls, I m Officer #1 and this is Officer #2.

C.O.P.S. A Skit for a Writing Strategy. Officer #1: Hi boys and girls, I m Officer #1 and this is Officer #2. C.O.P.S. A Skit for a Writing Strategy Officer #1: Hi boys and girls, I m Officer #1 and this is Officer #2. Officer #2: We re the cops from Communication Station. Officer #1: Your teacher has been looking

More information

Grammar Unit: Pronouns

Grammar Unit: Pronouns Name: Miss Phillips Period: Grammar Unit: Pronouns Unit Objectives: 1. Students will identify personal, indefinite, and possessive pronouns and recognize antecedents of pronouns. 2. Students will demonstrate

More information

Chapter 3 Growing with Verbs 77

Chapter 3 Growing with Verbs 77 Chapter 3 Growing with Verbs 77 3.2 Direct Objects A direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the direct action of a verb. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb and is called

More information

Evaluating the Elements of a Piece of Practical Writing The author of this friendly letter..

Evaluating the Elements of a Piece of Practical Writing The author of this friendly letter.. Practical Writing Intermediate Level Scoring Rubric for a Friendly Letter (to be used upon completion of Lesson 4) Evaluating the Elements of a Piece of Practical Writing The author of this friendly letter..

More information

Y1 Parts of Speech: Sentence Structure: Punctuation: I can write a simple sentence with a subject and a verb. I can use and to join two clauses

Y1 Parts of Speech: Sentence Structure: Punctuation: I can write a simple sentence with a subject and a verb. I can use and to join two clauses Y1 Parts of Speech: Sentence Structure: Punctuation: I can write a simple with a subject and a verb I can use and to join two clauses I can use finger spaces to separate words I can use full stops to end

More information

Sentence structure

Sentence structure Semester III Group B Grammar 3 Mrs. Skirdj Sentence structure The subject is a noun, noun phrase or pronoun representing the person or thing that performs the action of the verb. There are two types of

More information

Level 3 Shirley English

Level 3 Shirley English Level 3 Shirley English SEPTEMBER: Chapter 1 Pages 1-9 Lesson 1 Long- term goals and short- term goals Lesson 2 Beginning setup plan for homeschool, WRITING (journal) Lesson 3 SKILLS (synonyms, antonyms,

More information

Diagramming Review. WJHS 8 th Grade English 29 April 2013

Diagramming Review. WJHS 8 th Grade English 29 April 2013 Diagramming Review WJHS 8 th Grade English 29 April 2013 Sentence Basics The subject of the sentence is the person or thing is performing the action of the sentence or is being described by the sentence.

More information

openmind 2 Practice Online

openmind 2 Practice Online Macmillan Practice Online is the easy way to get all the benefits of online learning and with over 100 courses to choose from, covering all competence levels and ranging from business English to exam practice

More information

Regular Verbs Simple Present and Simple Past Tenses

Regular Verbs Simple Present and Simple Past Tenses Regular Verbs Simple Present and Simple Past Tenses This is a list of Regular Verbs. These verbs use -ed for the simple past tense. The ed ending sounds like /d/ I will read the base form and the simple

More information

Las Vegas High School 2010-11 Writing Workshop. Combining Sentences

Las Vegas High School 2010-11 Writing Workshop. Combining Sentences Las Vegas High School 2010-11 Writing Workshop Combining Sentences If you continually use short sentences in your writing, your paragraphs will sound very choppy. Read this paragraph and notice how it

More information

Using the Comma. 2. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

Using the Comma. 2. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. Using the Comma The comma is particularly useful, but it is one of the most frequently misused punctuation items. The first thing to understand is that the use of commas cannot be learned by rule. It is

More information

PUNCTUATION CHEAT SHEET

PUNCTUATION CHEAT SHEET PUNCTUATION CHEAT SHEET These pages summarize correct use of major punctuation marks--the ones most likely to lead to errors in grammar. When in doubt about a sentence, find the sample closest to the one

More information

Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard 1, to Develop Conventions of Standard English

Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard 1, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Using Language Stage Research** and CCEE ELA Language Domain, Standard, to Develop Conventions of Standard English Language Stage CCSS* Supporting Speaking and Writing for Students with Complex Communication

More information

What is a noun? A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.

What is a noun? A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Grammar What is a noun? A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. What are the two types of nouns? Common Noun A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place,

More information

Compound Sentences and Coordination

Compound Sentences and Coordination Compound Sentences and Coordination Mary Westervelt Reference: Ann Hogue (2003) The Essentials of English: A Writer s Handbook. New York, Pearson Education, Inc. When two sentences are combined in a way

More information

ACCUPLACER ESL Language Use Test. Answers and Explanations

ACCUPLACER ESL Language Use Test. Answers and Explanations ACCUPLACER ESL Language Use Test Answers and Explanations The ESL Language Use test measures your proficiency in using correct grammar in English sentences. There are five content areas measured on this

More information

THERE ARE SEVERAL KINDS OF PRONOUNS:

THERE ARE SEVERAL KINDS OF PRONOUNS: PRONOUNS WHAT IS A PRONOUN? A Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or of more than one noun. Example: The high school graduate accepted the diploma proudly. She had worked hard for it. The pronoun

More information

Quick and Handy Grammar Review: Adverb Clauses 2. Time words and phrases chart 2-3

Quick and Handy Grammar Review: Adverb Clauses 2. Time words and phrases chart 2-3 Table of Contents Quick and Handy Grammar Review: Adverb Clauses 2 Time words and phrases chart 2-3 Exercise 1: Error Correction. Correct the errors in the sentences. 4 Exercise 2: Insert the correct adverb

More information

UNIT 6 CHOOSING THE RIGHT PRONOUN. Pronouns. Pro means instead of. Noun means name. A pronoun is used instead of a noun.

UNIT 6 CHOOSING THE RIGHT PRONOUN. Pronouns. Pro means instead of. Noun means name. A pronoun is used instead of a noun. UNIT 6 CHOOSING THE RIGHT PRONOUN Pronouns Pro means instead of. Noun means name. A pronoun is used instead of a noun. Notice how pronouns have been used instead of nouns in the following sentences. EXAMPLE:

More information

Lesson Share TEACHER S NOTES. Socializing by Gary Jones. Procedure

Lesson Share TEACHER S NOTES. Socializing by Gary Jones. Procedure Lesson Share TEACHER S NOTES Socializing by Gary Jones Age: Level: Time: Aim: Adults Upper intermediate 90 mins To practise making small talk; to learn lexis for active listening Key skills: Speaking Materials:

More information

Chapter I - Passive Voice

Chapter I - Passive Voice Chapter I - Passive Voice When do we use the passive? We use the passive when it is more important to know what happens to the subject. Who or what causes the action is less important (and often unknown).

More information

Fry Instant Phrases. Give them to me. Then we will go.

Fry Instant Phrases. Give them to me. Then we will go. Fry Instant Phrases The words in these phrases come from Dr. Edward Fry s Instant Word List (High Frequency Words). According to Fry, the first 300 words in the list represent about 67% of all the words

More information

Nouns quiz. Level A. 1. Which word is a noun in this sentence? I decided to catch the bus because I was late. A) catch B) bus C) late

Nouns quiz. Level A. 1. Which word is a noun in this sentence? I decided to catch the bus because I was late. A) catch B) bus C) late Level A 1. Which word is a noun in this sentence? I decided to catch the bus because I was late. A) catch B) bus C) late 2. Which word is a noun in this sentence? The queue was very long so I didn't wait.

More information

Subject Pronouns. Memorize the subject pronouns. Say them from memory to someone. Write a subject pronoun to replace the underlined words.

Subject Pronouns. Memorize the subject pronouns. Say them from memory to someone. Write a subject pronoun to replace the underlined words. Lesson 2 Subject Pronouns You know that pronouns take the place of nouns. Subject pronouns replace nouns that are used as subjects in a sentence. They usually come before the verb. Susan climbed the tree.

More information

Here are a few examples of fragments (or, dependent clauses with subordinators) at the beginning

Here are a few examples of fragments (or, dependent clauses with subordinators) at the beginning FRAGMENTS AND S This module will cover run on sentences, comma splices and fragments. It will enable the student to identify potential run-ons and fragments as well as determine the appropriate way to

More information

Cohesive devices Teacher resource: textual features

Cohesive devices Teacher resource: textual features Cohesive devices Teacher resource: textual features Textual features relevant to the second objective of Dimension 2 are described below. These are features that teachers may like to draw on to further

More information

are used to show how a text fits

are used to show how a text fits Glossary of terms: Term Definition Example active voice An active verb has its usual pattern of subject and object (in contrast to the passive voice). Active The school arranged a visit. Passive: adverbs

More information

*a specific person, place, thing, or idea *any person, place, thing, or idea

*a specific person, place, thing, or idea *any person, place, thing, or idea Always capitalize 1.The first word in every sentence 2. The pronoun I 3. Proper nouns Proper Nouns Common Nouns *a specific person, place, thing, or idea *any person, place, thing, or idea Voorhees Middle

More information

IngleseMilano.it Example ESL English Test - Level A1 Elementary. Test 3 - Page 1

IngleseMilano.it Example ESL English Test - Level A1 Elementary. Test 3 - Page 1 A1 MOCK EXAMINATION SECTION I Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentences. 1. Where for a holiday next summer? a) do you like going b) would you to go c) would you like to go 2. Look at that

More information

1. Why do we use adjective clauses?

1. Why do we use adjective clauses? ADJECTIVE CLAUSES 1. Why do we use adjective clauses? to give more information about a noun or noun phrase I saw the movie. ( Which one??? ) to give more specific information about a noun or noun phrase

More information

Language Usage V Grade Level 5

Language Usage V Grade Level 5 Language Usage V Language Usage V introduces students to a variety of topics including: identifying and using nouns, verbs, contractions, conjunctions, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs in sentences understanding

More information

Jessica's English Sentences Dolch K-3 Sentences 1-218 Vocabulary and Grammar By Jessica E. Riggs

Jessica's English Sentences Dolch K-3 Sentences 1-218 Vocabulary and Grammar By Jessica E. Riggs Jessica's English Sentences Dolch K-3 Sentences 1-218 Vocabulary and Grammar By Jessica E. Riggs Students should master at least ten of the sentences per day, ideally, and be able to write them at once

More information

Monday Simple Sentence

Monday Simple Sentence Monday Simple Sentence Definition: A simple sentence is exactly what it sounds like, simple. It has a tensed verb (past or present), a subject, and expresses a complete thought. A simple sentence is also

More information

Hi-tech. Language focus. First conditional. Second conditional. eat. 'd give / wouldn t

Hi-tech. Language focus. First conditional. Second conditional. eat. 'd give / wouldn t 9 Hi-tech Language focus First conditional 1a Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the Present Simple or will + infinitive. eat 1 If you (eat) cheese late at night,

More information

Chapter. The Weekend

Chapter. The Weekend Chapter 3 The Weekend T he weekend begins on Friday night and ends on Sunday night. Our weekend lives are usually different from our weekday lives. We may relax and have fun. We may also work at weekend

More information

Module 5: Control and Responsibility

Module 5: Control and Responsibility Module 5: Control and Responsibility In order for teens to gain more freedom, they need to be able to demonstrate skill in taking responsibility. They also need to understand when they do and do not have

More information

Lesson Plan #2. Performance Objective(s): Given a worksheet of 12 sentences, the 2 nd grade students will identify the action verb 9 out of 12 times.

Lesson Plan #2. Performance Objective(s): Given a worksheet of 12 sentences, the 2 nd grade students will identify the action verb 9 out of 12 times. Lesson Plan #2 Lesson: Action Verb Lesson with Book, Game, and Video Length: 45 minutes Age or Grade Level Intended: 2 nd Grade Source: Taken from www.lessonsnips.com and Emily Gallmeyer Academic Standard(s):

More information

Eduheal Foundation. Class - 3 & 4

Eduheal Foundation. Class - 3 & 4 1 Contents 1. Noun... 3 2. Pronoun... 7 3. Verbs...14 4. Antonyms...21 5. Synonyms... 23 6. Odd One Out... 25 7. Analogies... 26 8. Conjunctions... 29 9. Tenses... 30 10. Articles... 39 11. Prepositions...

More information

National Quali cations EXEMPLAR PAPER ONLY

National Quali cations EXEMPLAR PAPER ONLY H National Quali cations EXEMPLAR PAPER ONLY EP42/H/02 Mark Spanish Directed Writing FOR OFFICIAL USE Date Not applicable Duration 1 hour and 40 minutes *EP42H02* Fill in these boxes and read what is printed

More information

Pronoun Study Guide. Part I: Pronouns and Antecedents

Pronoun Study Guide. Part I: Pronouns and Antecedents Name: Date: Part I: Pronouns and Antecedents Pronoun Study Guide A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or another pronoun. We use pronouns to keep our speaking and writing from becoming repetitive.

More information

Contents: 2008 www.perfect-english-grammar.com May be freely copied for personal or classroom use.

Contents: 2008 www.perfect-english-grammar.com May be freely copied for personal or classroom use. 2 Contents: Grammar of phrasal verbs 2 Deal with 3 Come across 5 Get on with 7 Look after 9 Pick up 11 Review 1 13 Put on 14 Take off 16 Look into 18 Turn down 20 Look forward to 22 Review 2 23 Answers

More information

Understanding Clauses and How to Connect Them to Avoid Fragments, Comma Splices, and Fused Sentences A Grammar Help Handout by Abbie Potter Henry

Understanding Clauses and How to Connect Them to Avoid Fragments, Comma Splices, and Fused Sentences A Grammar Help Handout by Abbie Potter Henry Independent Clauses An independent clause (IC) contains at least one subject and one verb and can stand by itself as a simple sentence. Here are examples of independent clauses. Because these sentences

More information

Making requests and asking for permission.

Making requests and asking for permission. Making requests and asking for permission. Read the conversations below and fill in the gaps with the words and phrases from the lists. Do you mind if I is it OK if I could you turn What s the problem

More information

Sentence Patterns. a free EBook by Jimmie.

Sentence Patterns. a free EBook by Jimmie. Sentence Patterns a free EBook by Jimmie http://jimmiescollage.com http://notebookingfairy.com This material is designed to be used with middle school or high school students. Visit http://www.squidoo.com/sentence-patterns

More information

Merced College Prep2Test Workshop

Merced College Prep2Test Workshop Merced College Prep2Test Workshop Prep2Test The purpose of this presentation is to provide future students a brief review before taking the Merced College Accuplacer test. This presentation is not designed

More information

Writing Common Core KEY WORDS

Writing Common Core KEY WORDS Writing Common Core KEY WORDS An educator's guide to words frequently used in the Common Core State Standards, organized by grade level in order to show the progression of writing Common Core vocabulary

More information

Children can struggle to write sentences for a number of reasons. Many different skills come into play when writing a sentence including:

Children can struggle to write sentences for a number of reasons. Many different skills come into play when writing a sentence including: Parent s Corner #3 By Melinda Matthews, SPELD NSW Referral Officer Teachers on the Teachers Certificate Course are having fun learning various strategies to help reluctant students write sentences. For

More information

10th Grade Language. Goal ISAT% Objective Description (with content limits) Vocabulary Words

10th Grade Language. Goal ISAT% Objective Description (with content limits) Vocabulary Words Standard 3: Writing Process 3.1: Prewrite 58-69% 10.LA.3.1.2 Generate a main idea or thesis appropriate to a type of writing. (753.02.b) Items may include a specified purpose, audience, and writing outline.

More information

Fragments, Comma Splices, Run-ons: How to make them go away!

Fragments, Comma Splices, Run-ons: How to make them go away! Fragments, Comma Splices, Run-ons: How to make them go away! Sentence fragments, comma splices and run-on sentences are some of the most common writing errors. In order to avoid these three common problems,

More information

SALE TODAY All toys half price

SALE TODAY All toys half price Name: Class: Date: KET Practice PET TestPractice Reading Test and Reading Writing KET PET Part 1 Questions 1 5 Which notice (A H) says this (1 5)? For Questions 1 5 mark the correct letter A H on your

More information

The Good Old Days. 2. Famous places: Next, students must drag the pictures of the famous places to the names of the cities where they are.

The Good Old Days. 2. Famous places: Next, students must drag the pictures of the famous places to the names of the cities where they are. The Good Old Days Level: 2º E.S.O. Grammar: Positive and negative descriptive adjectives. The simple past tense of the verb to be. There was / there were. The time. Functions: Describing past habits and

More information

'New Inspiration 1' Practice Online

'New Inspiration 1' Practice Online 'New Inspiration 1' Practice Online This course accompanies 'New Inspiration 1'. It corresponds to CEFR level A1-A2. There are eight Units and four 'Self Assessment' units. Resources are grouped into eight

More information

REVIEW SHEETS FOR COMPASS WRITING SECTION. Prepared by Karen Cahill, SCC English/Education instructor. Section 1--Three Kinds of Verbs

REVIEW SHEETS FOR COMPASS WRITING SECTION. Prepared by Karen Cahill, SCC English/Education instructor. Section 1--Three Kinds of Verbs 1 REVIEW SHEETS FOR COMPASS WRITING SECTION Prepared by Karen Cahill, SCC English/Education instructor Section 1--Three Kinds of Verbs Every sentence contains a verb. There are three kinds of verbs action

More information

The Speaking, Reading, and Writing Center College of the Mainland Spring 2015. Pesky Punctuation

The Speaking, Reading, and Writing Center College of the Mainland Spring 2015. Pesky Punctuation The Speaking, Reading, and Writing Center College of the Mainland Spring 2015 Pesky Punctuation Punctuation can be a pest. We know it s important, but sometimes we just don t understand what to do with

More information

Nouns are naming words - they are used to name a person, place or thing.

Nouns are naming words - they are used to name a person, place or thing. Adjectives Adjectives are describing words - they tell you more about nouns. Nouns are naming words - they are used to name a person, place or thing. Adjectives tell you more about the noun. Using adjectives

More information