1 What is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, and how does it work? 2 Why is the EU proposing to include aviation into the EU ETS?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1 What is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, and how does it work? 2 Why is the EU proposing to include aviation into the EU ETS?"

Transcription

1 Q&A: Aviation and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme 1 What is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, and how does it work? Under the UN Kyoto Protocol, industrialised nations are required to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that they emit into the atmosphere. The EU is committed to cut its emissions by 8% from 1990 levels by 2012, and the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is Europe's main mechanism to achieve this. Currently, each EU nation agrees a National Allocation Plan (NAP) with the European Commission. These NAPs allocate individual limits for the plants or companies covered by the scheme. By setting the total number of permits below the current level of emissions, the ETS should lead to a reduction in the amount of CO 2 being emitted. In the ETS, plants or companies are made to buy and sell permits that allow them to emit CO 2. The system is an incentive for these industries to reduce their emissions, as companies that exceed their individual limit are able to buy unused permits from firms that have taken steps to cut their emissions. Member States can also resort to Kyoto's so-called Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), which allows them to 'buy' carbon credits from carbon-reduction projects outside the EU that can be accounted for in their national emissions reduction targets. JI projects can be undertaken in other industrialised countries with Kyoto targets, while CDM projects can be hosted by developing countries, which under the Protocol have no targets. Essentially, the ETS allows an overall emissions reduction target to be achieved; it rewards investments in environmentally-friendly technologies; and it also allows companies that cannot go any further in their emission reduction programmes nevertheless to participate in the general effort in reducing pollution. 2 Why is the EU proposing to include aviation into the EU ETS? European aviation accounts for 0.5% of worldwide CO 2 emissions 1. This figure is relatively minor, but air transport is a growth industry, which is why its environmental impact has become an increasingly important issue in Europe. 1 EU Energy and Transport in Figures, Eurostat Int l aviation accounts for 2% of global manmade CO 2 emissions.

2 Addressing this issue is essential to European airlines, for both ethical and business reasons. We want to preserve European citizens right to fly and enjoy aviation s contribution to their regions economic and social development, but not to the detriment of the environment and the future of the planet. But it should be remembered that it is also in airlines' interest to control their fuel consumption and thus CO 2 emissions: fuel prices represent a huge share of airlines operational costs, reaching unheard levels of 26% in That is why the European Commission has proposed that the EU ETS should also cover CO 2 emissions from intra-eu aviation from 2011 and all flights to and from EU airports from If this scheme is approved unchanged by the European Parliament, this will place a cap on CO 2 emissions from aircraft flights at average levels, while allowing airlines to grow through purchasing allowances from other industries in the ETS as well as from a number of emission-reducing projects outside the EU. 3 Why is it important to allow European airlines' traffic to grow? Allowing for air traffic to grow is important for far more reasons than airlines' own bottom line. This growth in air transport is the result of the demand in global trade and tourism. It is essential to European economy and political and social cohesion, and the so-called EU Lisbon strategy for growth and employment. In Europe alone, more than 7.5 million jobs depend on air transport. 25% of all companies sales depend on air transport and for 60% of them air connections have a significant impact on business. The average distance between Europe s capitals and Brussels is 1,138km. In an enlarged Europe, aviation is essential to connect regions with one another, with the political centres, and with the rest of the world. Far from enjoying tax privileges, air transport finances its entire infrastructure costs through user charges and taxes paid to national treasuries. By paying for the building, maintenance and use of its infrastructures, air transport is a net contributor to public funds. In Germany, for example, aviation charges and taxes generate a net surplus of 10 per 1,000km, while rail infrastructure costs result in a public subsidy of 54 per 1,000km to be borne by the taxpayer. Air transport contributes around 8% of European GDP. It facilitates global business and ensures Europe s competitiveness in the global market. It is an indispensable instrument for Europe s growth, now and in the years to come. 4 How does the AEA view the inclusion of aviation into the EU ETS? AEA, along with other industry associations, has consistently embraced the concept of ETS as a useful tool in the drive to manage the industry s greenhouse gas emissions. A well-designed ETS can act as a catalyst enhancing the effectiveness of other measures, such as the operational and technological developments which can deliver - 2 -

3 real environmental benefits. An ETS would allow airlines to buy surplus permits from other industries, thereby contributing to a general decrease in industry pollution, whilst enabling airlines to grow. A well-designed ETS would avoid distortions to competition, minimise administrative burdens and deliver on solid environmental gains; by buying permits required to grow, airlines would effectively operate in a way that could ultimately become sustainable. A poorly-designed scheme, on the other hand, could, like a tax, strip the airlines of the financial means to fund such developments. However, ETS is only one of the tools that should be used to control air transport CO 2 emissions. To be fully effective, ETS must also go hand-in-hand with infrastructure improvements, in the air and on the ground. There is little point in allocating emissions permits to airlines, only for them to be used up in flying circuitous routings, or holding patterns waiting for a runway slot at a congested airport. 5 Why does AEA view the ETS as being better than taxes? A tax simply drains the aviation sector of financial resources needed for investments into research and development. Taxes that have an environmental objective are explicitly aimed at modifying demand for air transport generally a euphemism for pricing passengers out of the market. So-called environmental taxes deliver additional revenue for governments with no guarantee, neither for the passenger or the airlines, that this revenue will be used for environmental objectives. They provide no incentive whatsoever for airlines to invest in more efficient aircraft, or more efficient fuels. Indeed, by attacking their customer base, it makes it more difficult for them to fund the new technologies that provide the best prospects for future emissions abatement. AEA member airlines have the youngest, and thus the most environmentally-efficient, fleet of all regional groupings of airlines in the world: this is a major factor in reducing CO2 emissions and such investments should be encouraged, not discouraged. This is precisely what the airlines believe a well-designed ETS could avoid, while still delivering environmental benefits. 6 Is ETS the be-all and end-all of aviation's contribution to environmental protection? Far from it and European airlines did not wait for this EC draft directive, or even, going further back in time, for the Kyoto protocol, to work on reducing the environmental impact of aviation. In fact, they have consistently adopted a responsible approach to addressing the environmental challenges facing the industry. It is worth noting, for example, that AEA member airlines' fleet is the youngest, and thus most environmentally-efficient, of all regional groupings of airlines in the world, with an average age of 8 years and 9 months. Although all important, this factor is only the tip of the iceberg. In 2005, AEA airlines agreed an Emissions Containment Policy which set out a comprehensive approach to address climate change based on four pillars, by 1) promoting best practice in - 3 -

4 operational procedures, 2) stimulating research into new technologies and 3) supporting infrastructure improvements. ETS, the 4 th pillar in this policy, is seen as a means to harness these improvements in delivering a genuine contribution from the industry towards meeting overall EU emissions targets. Fuel efficiency, direct routings and new technology are all part of the efforts that have achieved a 70% reduction in aircraft emissions over the last 40 years. In addition to technological progress (the industry devotes up to 14% of its turnover to research), improvements in Air Traffic Management and other operational procedures (avoiding flying circuitous routes and holding patterns over airports), could further reduce fuel burn by between 8 and 18%. Further political progress towards the creation of a truly Single European Sky would lead to a 7% efficiency gains, when just a 1% saving could save up to 500,000 tonnes of fuel a year, according to Eurocontrol. Technological and operational progress has made it possible to decouple aviation growth from higher fuel consumption. The Operational Opportunities to Minimize Fuel Use and Reduce Emissions, a set of recommendations formalised by ICAO, have been implemented by aircraft operators, airports, ATC and service providers for decades without any regulatory obligation. However, the industry is committed to doing more. The first three pillars of the Emissions Containment Policy (technological progress, improvement of infrastructure and operational measures) will remain as important as ever to address aviation s impact on the environment. ETS, although important, is only one component of a large battery of existing, tried, tested and efficient tools. The measures taken to reduce air transport's CO 2 emissions will require efforts from all the parties involved in the aviation value chain to be sustainably successful. Airlines, airports, Air Traffic Management authorities, aircraft and engine manufacturers, fuel suppliers, national and local governments and other partners in the aviation chain will continue to be key in developing an environmentally friendly and ultimately sustainable aviation sector. 7 What does AEA mean by "a well-designed ETS"? It is not the role of AEA to define the key design elements of an ideal ETS for aviation, as this is the task of the regulator. However, AEA considers that a welldesigned ETS should conform to the following requirements and principles: First, it should be a non-discriminatory system. Whatever the geographical scope of the ETS, all operators on all routes covered by the scheme should be treated equally. It should also be an open system. The aviation sector should have the broadest possible access to emissions allowance markets, be able to trade with the other sectors and have access to flexible mechanisms such as Clean Development - 4 -

5 Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI) (for definitions of CDM and JI, see answer to Question 1). There should be no cumulative action, with taxes and charges added on top of the ETS. Member States and European authorities should agree to renounce other economic instruments such as taxes and charges, since the Commission itself recognises that the inclusion of aviation in the Community scheme seems to be the best way forward and that emissions trading has the potential to play a role as part of a comprehensive package of measures to address the climate impact of aviation, provided it is appropriately designed. For AEA's views on taxes, see answer to Question 5. No market distortion: any scheme must avoid competitive distortion within the EU, between EU and non-eu carriers, and between transport modes. This requires a unified and harmonised approach to the allocation of permits and target setting for aviation. A simple and manageable system: the trading entities should be the aircraft operators. However, to keep the scheme administratively simple and practicable, small operators should be excluded where administrative complexity and transaction costs outweigh the environmental benefits of their inclusion. Transparent administration and compliance: the administration and verification process should be transparent, consistent and harmonised. It should take full advantage of economies of scale and reduce administrative costs to the minimum. Therefore, it would be preferable that the process is centrally administered at European level, thereby eliminating unnecessary or duplicated systems and facilities. The Association of (AEA) AEA has been the trusted voice of the European airline industry for over 50 years. AEA brings together 31 European network carriers, collectively carrying more than 320 million passengers and 6 million tons of cargo each year, operating 2,400 aircraft and serving 620 destinations in 160 countries with 10,720 flights a day. A non-profit-making association, the AEA represents its members interests in contacts with the institutions of the European Union, the European Civil Aviation Conference, and all other related international and European organisations in the aviation value chain. For more information Contact Françoise Humbert at tel. +32 (0) AEA March

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions IATA Carbon Offset Program Frequently Asked Questions Version 10.0 24 August 2015 Proprietary IATA Copyright Information This document is the exclusive property of International Air Transport Association

More information

How Will Environmental Challenges Drive the Industry?

How Will Environmental Challenges Drive the Industry? How Will Environmental Challenges Drive the Industry? Introduction The Problem Proposal Status Quo of the Proposal Examples The Airline Perspective The Manufacturer Perspective Outlook Introduction Aviation

More information

European Policy for more sustainable transport and logistics across Europe

European Policy for more sustainable transport and logistics across Europe Cefic/ECTA POSITION European Policy for more sustainable transport and logistics across Europe Cefic, the European Chemical Industry Council, is the Brussels-based organisation of the chemical industry

More information

usage of these types of fuels with production price far higher then diesel and petrol, is also a measure. We can say that in Bulgaria there are

usage of these types of fuels with production price far higher then diesel and petrol, is also a measure. We can say that in Bulgaria there are TRANSPORT The basic goals of the national transport policy are focused on sustainable development of the road and railway infrastructure of national and international importance, improvement of the transport

More information

London International Shipping Week. 10 September 2015

London International Shipping Week. 10 September 2015 London International Shipping Week 10 September 2015 Session 3 13:15 14:45 The role of governments in a global maritime industry: Should governments lend their support and how can they participate in growing

More information

The SESAR programme: Making air travel safer, cheaper and more efficient

The SESAR programme: Making air travel safer, cheaper and more efficient European Commission Directorate General for Energy and Transport MEMO November 2005 The SESAR programme: Making air travel safer, cheaper and more efficient The Single European Sky industrial and technological

More information

On the road to Paris A GLOBAL DEAL IS OUR BUSINESS

On the road to Paris A GLOBAL DEAL IS OUR BUSINESS POSITION PAPER June 2015 On the road to Paris A GLOBAL DEAL IS OUR BUSINESS KEY MESSAGES 1 2 3 A legally-binding agreement with comparable mitigation efforts from major economies is the best mechanism

More information

EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Problems presented to Canada

EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Problems presented to Canada Commentary, April 2012 www.canada-europe-dialogue EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Problems presented to Canada by Armand de Mestral* and Md. Tanveer Ahmad From January 1, 2012, Canadian civil aircraft have

More information

PRESIDENCY CONCLUSIONS GÖTEBORG EUROPEAN COUNCIL 15 AND 16 JUNE 2001 SN 200/1/01 REV 1 EN

PRESIDENCY CONCLUSIONS GÖTEBORG EUROPEAN COUNCIL 15 AND 16 JUNE 2001 SN 200/1/01 REV 1 EN PRESIDCY CONCLUSIONS GÖTEBORG EUROPEAN COUNCIL 15 AND 16 JUNE 2001 SN 200/1/01 REV 1 II. A STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMT 19. Sustainable development to meet the needs of the present generation without

More information

AEA s response to the public consultation on the aviation package. Prerequisites for a competitive European airline industry policy

AEA s response to the public consultation on the aviation package. Prerequisites for a competitive European airline industry policy Brussels, 8 June 2015 AEA s response to the public consultation on the aviation package Prerequisites for a competitive European airline industry policy Europe needs a cohesive, supportive aviation policy

More information

Draft Assembly Resolution text on a Global Market-based Measure (GMBM) Scheme

Draft Assembly Resolution text on a Global Market-based Measure (GMBM) Scheme Draft Assembly Resolution text on a Global Market-based Measure (GMBM) Scheme (As of 11 March 2016, for use at the second round of Global Aviation Dialogues (GLADs) from 20 March to 8 April 2016 in five

More information

Capacity Building in the New Member States and Accession Countries on Further Climate Change Action Post-2012

Capacity Building in the New Member States and Accession Countries on Further Climate Change Action Post-2012 Capacity Building in the New Member States and Accession Countries on Further Climate Change Action Post-2012 (Service Contract N o 070402/2004/395810/MAR/C2) 29 November 2007 Almost all New Members States

More information

TERM 2002 29 EU Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles

TERM 2002 29 EU Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles Indicator fact sheet TERM 2002 29 EU s of passenger vehicles Passenger car occupancy is falling in most countries, despite EU efforts to increase utilisation efficiency, for example through its citizens

More information

A Guide to Woodland Carbon for Business

A Guide to Woodland Carbon for Business A Guide to Woodland Carbon for Business Contents: 1. Investing in Woodland Carbon: an overview 2. Why Woodland Carbon? 3. How much does it cost? 4. Woodland Carbon Code 5. Woodland Carbon compliance 6.

More information

Regulation of Fluorinated Gases in Automotive Air Conditioning Systems in the European Union

Regulation of Fluorinated Gases in Automotive Air Conditioning Systems in the European Union From MAC Summit in Brussels to SAE Symposium in Phoenix: Regulation of Fluorinated Gases in Automotive Air Conditioning Systems in the European Union Matti Vainio European Commission Environment Directorate-General

More information

Policy mapping, the case of Norway

Policy mapping, the case of Norway Sveinung Kvalø Ministry of the Environment, Norway Washington, Context: Growing concern of sustainability in the late 80 s The Brundtland commission 1987: Sustainable development is the kind of development

More information

Carbon Emissions Trading and Carbon Taxes

Carbon Emissions Trading and Carbon Taxes Carbon Emissions Trading and Carbon Taxes EU Environmental Policy The challenge reaching towards a low carbon economy 1 This presentation covers Can carbon markets be part of the answer in controlling

More information

Ementor ASA Carbon Footprint Analysis 2007

Ementor ASA Carbon Footprint Analysis 2007 Ementor ASA Carbon Footprint Analysis 2007 Key figures Ementor Group 2007 The Carbon Footprint Analysis is part of Ementor ASA s corporate efforts on becoming an environmentally conscious service provider.

More information

UNFCCC THE KYOTO PROTOCOL MECHANISMS INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM JOINT IMPLEMENTATION

UNFCCC THE KYOTO PROTOCOL MECHANISMS INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM JOINT IMPLEMENTATION United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM JOINT IMPLEMENTATION UNFCCC BINDING TARGETS The central feature of the Kyoto Protocol

More information

EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 26 March 2009 (OR. en) 2008/0014 (COD) PE-CONS 3738/08

EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 26 March 2009 (OR. en) 2008/0014 (COD) PE-CONS 3738/08 EUROPEAN UNION THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT THE COUNCIL Brussels, 26 March 2009 (OR. en) 2008/0014 (COD) PE-CONS 3738/08 V 1043 ER 481 IND 239 COMPET 597 MI 577 ECOFIN 643 TRANS 497 CODEC 1907 LEGISLATIVE ACTS

More information

Meeting with the ENVI Committee Exchange of views on ICAO/IMO. Date 26/04/2016. European Parliament Brussels

Meeting with the ENVI Committee Exchange of views on ICAO/IMO. Date 26/04/2016. European Parliament Brussels Commissioner Violeta BULC Meeting with the ENVI Committee Exchange of views on ICAO/IMO Date 26/04/2016 European Parliament Brussels Member of Cabinet responsible: Joshua Salsby / Jocelyn Fajardo SPEAKING

More information

THE UK CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME AND EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICE. Gabrielle Edwards United Kingdom

THE UK CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME AND EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICE. Gabrielle Edwards United Kingdom Workshop on Best Practices in Policies and Measures, 11 13 April 2000, Copenhagen THE UK CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME AND EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICE Gabrielle Edwards United Kingdom Abstract: The UK published

More information

Market-based Measures in International Civil Aviation: Current State of the Law

Market-based Measures in International Civil Aviation: Current State of the Law Market-based Measures in International Civil Aviation: Current State of the Law Md Tanveer Ahmad Doctor of Civil Law Candidate Institute of Air & Space Law, McGill University Beginning with Questions..

More information

A. ATMOSPHERE/AIR POLLUTION. Government focal point(s): DG Environment Responding ministry/office(s): DG Environment

A. ATMOSPHERE/AIR POLLUTION. Government focal point(s): DG Environment Responding ministry/office(s): DG Environment CSD-14 National Reporting Guidelines: Page 7 of 43 A. ATMOSPHERE/AIR POLLUTION Government focal point(s): DG Environment Responding ministry/office(s): DG Environment Introductory Remarks The main air

More information

Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of

Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change International Maritime Organization Marine Environment Protection Committee International Chamber of Shipping

More information

This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents

This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents 2004R0550 EN 04.12.2009 001.001 1 This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents B REGULATION (EC) No 550/2004 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

More information

UK progress towards GHG emissions reduction targets

UK progress towards GHG emissions reduction targets UK progress towards GHG emissions reduction targets Statistical release: Official Statistics 19 th March 2015 Crown copyright 2015 URN [15D/121] You may re-use this information (not including logos) free

More information

Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020 European Commission - Fact Sheet Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020 Brussels, 25 February 2015

More information

European Low Fares Airline Association

European Low Fares Airline Association European Low Fares Airline Association ELFAA s views on State Aid Competition between air transport and rail. An un-level playing field John Hanlon - Secretary General, ELFAA High speed rail vs low-cost

More information

UK Aviation Strategy. Time to choose. Institution of Civil Engineers & Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation October 2012

UK Aviation Strategy. Time to choose. Institution of Civil Engineers & Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation October 2012 UK Aviation Strategy Time to choose Institution of Civil Engineers & Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation October 2012 To maintain its long term global economic competitiveness the UK is

More information

Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of

Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change International Maritime Organization International Chamber of Shipping COP 19 WARSAW UNFCCC Must Support

More information

DESIGNING AN EMISSIONS STANDARD FOR AUSTRALIA

DESIGNING AN EMISSIONS STANDARD FOR AUSTRALIA 55 DESIGNING AN EMISSIONS STANDARD FOR AUSTRALIA 5 The Authority proposes a standard that would apply from 2018 and be designed with a simple set of features to promote environmental effectiveness, policy

More information

COMMITTEE ON AVIATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (CAEP)

COMMITTEE ON AVIATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (CAEP) International Civil Aviation Organization WORKING PAPER 26/1/10 English and Spanish only 1 COMMITTEE ON AVIATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (CAEP) EIGHTH MEETING Montréal, 1 to 12 February 2010 Agenda Item

More information

The ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator

The ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator ICAO ICAO Colloquium Colloquium on Aviation Aviation and and Climate Climate Change Change The ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator Tim Johnson ICAO CAEP Aviation Carbon Calculator Support Group (ACCS) co

More information

11. WHY INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT NEEDS A SECTORAL APPROACH

11. WHY INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT NEEDS A SECTORAL APPROACH 11. WHY INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT NEEDS A SECTORAL APPROACH MARKUS ÅHMAN * 1. Introduction The increased mobility of people and goods has been a critical factor in the phenomenal economic growth the world

More information

Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of

Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of International Chamber of Shipping CO DO P HA 18 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change International Maritime Organization UNFCCC Must Support

More information

EUROPEAN AIRPORTS AND TOURISM ORGANISATIONS TOGETHER ON OPEN SKIES

EUROPEAN AIRPORTS AND TOURISM ORGANISATIONS TOGETHER ON OPEN SKIES EUROPEAN AIRPORTS AND TOURISM ORGANISATIONS TOGETHER ON OPEN SKIES 1 Over the past months, the expansion of Gulf airlines in particular Emirates, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways into the North American

More information

Status of China s regional trading programs: progress and challenge

Status of China s regional trading programs: progress and challenge Status of China s regional trading programs: progress and challenge Fei TENG Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University 2013 Aug 13-15 Contents Background Pilot project at local

More information

Where does carbon come from?

Where does carbon come from? Where does carbon come from? What are Carbon Sinks? Presentation by Jutta Kill SinksWatch jutta@fern.org www.sinkswatch.org Carbon dioxide is a gas that is created when carbon (C) comes in contact with

More information

The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)

The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) y The EU ETS is the cornerstone of the European Union s drive to reduce its emissions of man-made greenhouse gases which are largely responsible for warming the

More information

Adapting to a changing climate and energy future

Adapting to a changing climate and energy future Adapting to a changing climate and energy future Our policy position: Yarra Ranges Council acknowledges scientific advice concerning climate change and the need to mitigate and adapt to its impacts. Council

More information

Kyoto Protocol MEMO/04/43. What is the Kyoto Protocol? Bruxelles, 4 March 2004

Kyoto Protocol MEMO/04/43. What is the Kyoto Protocol? Bruxelles, 4 March 2004 MEMO/04/43 Bruxelles, 4 March 2004 Kyoto Protocol What is the Kyoto Protocol? The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol provide the only international framework

More information

THE MYCLIMATE FLIGHT EMISSION CALCULATOR

THE MYCLIMATE FLIGHT EMISSION CALCULATOR THE MYCLIMATE FLIGHT EMISSION CALCULATOR The flight emission calculator quantifies the direct and indirect CO 2-equivalent emissions per passenger for a given flight distance. The estimated emissions represent

More information

LOW COST. The ATR -600 Series The most NOMICAL LOGICAL. way to fly. Low Fuel Consumption Low Emissions Low Noise. short-haul connections

LOW COST. The ATR -600 Series The most NOMICAL LOGICAL. way to fly. Low Fuel Consumption Low Emissions Low Noise. short-haul connections The ATR -600 Series The most NOMICAL LOGICAL way to fly short-haul connections Low Fuel Consumption Low Emissions Low Noise LOW COST The ATR -600 SERIES a small part of a serious «Being problem, there

More information

REGULATIONS. 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1

REGULATIONS. 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1 I (Acts adopted under the EC Treaty/Euratom Treaty whose publication is obligatory) REGULATIONS REGULATION (EC) No 443/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

More information

E VIRO ME T Council meeting Luxembourg, 14 October 2013

E VIRO ME T Council meeting Luxembourg, 14 October 2013 COU CIL OF THE EUROPEA U IO EN Conclusions on Preparations for the 19th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 19) to the United ations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 9th session

More information

The Inclusion of Aviation in the EU Emissions Trading System

The Inclusion of Aviation in the EU Emissions Trading System September 2011 ICTSD Programme on Trade and Environment Trade and Sustainable Energy Series The Inclusion of Aviation in the EU Emissions Trading System An Economic and Environmental Assessment By Jasper

More information

Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households

Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households Transport Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households The newest long-term strategy of the Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland,

More information

REPUBLIC OF PORTUGAL. MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS The Minister's Office

REPUBLIC OF PORTUGAL. MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS The Minister's Office ADDRESS GIVEN BY THE MINISTER FOR PUBLIC WORKS,TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS Mr Mário Lino at the Conference on The EU Internal Market for Postal Services Creating it Together Brussels, 24 June 2008, 11.20

More information

Key Solutions CO₂ assessment

Key Solutions CO₂ assessment GE Capital Key Solutions CO₂ assessment CO₂ emissions from company car fleets across Europe s major markets between 2008 and 2010 www.gecapital.eu/fleet Contents Introduction and key findings Reduction

More information

The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)

The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) y The EU ETS is the cornerstone of the European Union s drive to reduce its emissions of man-made greenhouse gases which are largely responsible for warming the

More information

Criteria for adopting International Standards and Risk Assessments

Criteria for adopting International Standards and Risk Assessments Criteria for adopting International Standards and Risk Assessments February 2016 Criteria for Accepting International Standards and Risk Assessments 1 Table of Contents 1 About the Department... 3 2 The

More information

The role of. Airport Regions in. Europe

The role of. Airport Regions in. Europe The role of Airport Regions in Europe 2nd edition 2/2006 President Airport Regions Conference Anne Devitt ARC The Airport Regions Conference represents the interests of communities living and working around

More information

The UK Emissions Trading Scheme A New Way to Combat Climate Change

The UK Emissions Trading Scheme A New Way to Combat Climate Change The UK Emissions Trading Scheme A New Way to Combat Climate Change REPORT BY THE COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL HC 517 Session 2003-2004: 21 April 2004 LONDON: The Stationery Office 10.75 Ordered by the

More information

Measuring Caltech s Carbon Footprint

Measuring Caltech s Carbon Footprint Measuring Caltech s Carbon Footprint S. Petkova California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States Keywords: Carbon footprint CACP Calculator v5.0 Caltech Greenhouse gases ABSTRACT The collection

More information

Interview: Aurélie Faure, Financial Analyst at Dexia Asset Management

Interview: Aurélie Faure, Financial Analyst at Dexia Asset Management Research letter n 09/03 October 2009 http://www.carbonium.fr/pdf/research0903.pdf CONTENTS Interview: Aurélie Faure, Financial Analyst at Dexia Asset Management... p. 1 Hot topics in Copenhagen... p. 3

More information

ENVIRONMENT. Aviation. Property. Marine Services. Trading & Industrial. Beverages

ENVIRONMENT. Aviation. Property. Marine Services. Trading & Industrial. Beverages ENVIRONMENT Our ultimate goal, which we first articulated in 2010, is for our operating companies to achieve zero net impact on the environment. We call this goal Net Zero. In, we developed a preliminary

More information

The Economic Benefits of Aviation and Performance in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index

The Economic Benefits of Aviation and Performance in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index CHAPTER 1.4 The Economic Benefits of Aviation and Performance in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index JULIE PEROVIC International Air Transport Association (IATA) The aviation industry supports tourism

More information

HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON A GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE SCHEME

HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON A GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE SCHEME International Civil Aviation Organization 26/04/16 WORKING PAPER HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON A GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE SCHEME Montréal, 11 to 13 May 2016 Agenda Item 1: Review of draft Assembly Resolution

More information

Best Practice in Economic Regulation: Lessons from the UK

Best Practice in Economic Regulation: Lessons from the UK Best Practice in Economic Regulation: Lessons from the UK ICAO Global Aviation Cooperation Symposium 03 October 2014 1 Scope of Economic Regulation Airports Among the 60 airports in the UK, two are subject

More information

A fuel efficient vehicle fleet for Victoria WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO

A fuel efficient vehicle fleet for Victoria WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO A fuel efficient vehicle fleet for Victoria WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO 2 I A FUEL EFFICIENT VEHICLE FLEET FOR VICTORIA I WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO Executive Summary Key Points The

More information

How Clean is Your Car Brand?

How Clean is Your Car Brand? How Clean is Your Car Brand? The car industry's commitment to the EU to reduce CO 2 emissions: a brand-by-brand progress report October 2006 How Clean is Your Car Brand? The car industry's commitment to

More information

HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON A GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE SCHEME

HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON A GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE SCHEME International Civil Aviation Organization WORKING PAPER HLM-GMBM-WP/2 26/04/16 Revision 1 29/04/16 HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON A GLOBAL MARKET-BASED MEASURE SCHEME Montréal, 11 to 13 May 2016 Agenda Item 1:

More information

Transport Canada s Departmental Sustainable Development Strategy 2012 2013 Reporting Update

Transport Canada s Departmental Sustainable Development Strategy 2012 2013 Reporting Update Transport Canada s Departmental Sustainable Development Strategy 2012 2013 Reporting Update 1 For more information, please visit Transport Canada s website at http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/policy/acs-sd-dsds-2615.htm

More information

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities, which focus on the reasons for and the consequences of global warming and ways of preventing it. The activities

More information

Commercial vehicles and CO 2

Commercial vehicles and CO 2 Commercial vehicles and European Automobile Manufacturers Association ACEA position Fuel Efficiency is Market Driven Fuel efficiency is one of the most important competitive factors in developing and selling

More information

Railway Reform in Europe: from endangered species to sustainable systems?

Railway Reform in Europe: from endangered species to sustainable systems? Railway Reform in Europe: from endangered species to sustainable systems? International workshop on railway reform Ankara, 8 October 2009 Paul Guitink 09 July 2009 1 Content of this presentation representing

More information

1.2 The CIOT s Environmental Taxes Working Group has previously commented on the principles of environmental taxes.

1.2 The CIOT s Environmental Taxes Working Group has previously commented on the principles of environmental taxes. Reforming the business energy efficiency tax landscape HM Treasury consultation document September 2015 Response by the Chartered Institute of Taxation 1 Introduction 1.1 The Chartered Institute of Taxation

More information

Global carbon market Outlook 2020 Market Makers and Market leaders

Global carbon market Outlook 2020 Market Makers and Market leaders Global carbon market Outlook 2020 Market Makers and Market leaders UNEP FI Roundtable, Melbourne Date: 25 October 2007 Produced by: Otti Bisang Outline Carbon market(s) 2020: the future of carbon market(s)

More information

Competitiveness issues for Dutch aviation from EU ETS

Competitiveness issues for Dutch aviation from EU ETS CE Delft Solutions for Solutions for environment, environment, economy and economy and technology technology Oude Delft 180 Oude Delft 180 2611 HH Delft The 2611 Netherlands HH Delft tel: +31 The 15 Netherlands

More information

Estimating Cost Savings for Aviation Fuel and CO 2 Emission Reductions Strategies

Estimating Cost Savings for Aviation Fuel and CO 2 Emission Reductions Strategies Estimating Cost Savings for Aviation Fuel and CO 2 Emission Reductions Strategies MARY E. JOHNSON AND ALAN GONZALEZ PURDUE UNIVERSITY UAA CONFERENCE, NOV 2013, SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO Four quotes Sustainable

More information

EU Climate Policy: Towards a Copenhagen Protocol in 2009. Check against delivery! Es gilt das gesprochene Wort!

EU Climate Policy: Towards a Copenhagen Protocol in 2009. Check against delivery! Es gilt das gesprochene Wort! EU Climate Policy: Towards a Copenhagen Protocol in 2009 Speech Check against delivery! Es gilt das gesprochene Wort! Ladies and Gentlemen, Our generation will be remembered as the first to be given solid

More information

Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, XXX COM(2014) 20 /2 Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL concerning the establishment and operation of a market stability reserve for the

More information

Discussion Paper 01: Aviation Demand Forecasting

Discussion Paper 01: Aviation Demand Forecasting Airports Commission Discussion Paper 01: Aviation Demand Forecasting Response from Kent County Council and Medway Council Q1: To what extent do you consider that the DfT forecasts support or challenge

More information

The mainport strategy

The mainport strategy The mainport strategy Schiphol Group presentation to the Danish Aviation annual event Gerben Broekema Senior Advisor Group Strategy & Development Copenhagen, May 21 st, 2015 1 Agenda Introducing Schiphol

More information

Renewable energy support mechanisms: an overview

Renewable energy support mechanisms: an overview Renewable energy support mechanisms: an overview Katy Hogg Ronan O Regan PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP 1. Introduction 1.1 What is renewable energy? The definition of renewable energy varies according to

More information

DRAFT REGULATIONS: CARBON OFFSETS. 20 June 2016

DRAFT REGULATIONS: CARBON OFFSETS. 20 June 2016 DRAFT REGULATIONS: CARBON OFFSETS 20 June 2016 DRAFT CARBON TAX BILL: PUBLICATION OF PROPOSED REGULATIONS MADE IN TERMS OF CLAUSE 20(b) OF THE DRAFT CARBON TAX BILL, 2015 Proposed regulations in terms

More information

HCC Climate Change Board Agenda Item 4 1 June 2009. Emissions Targets What this means for Hertfordshire County Council Carbon Reduction Targets

HCC Climate Change Board Agenda Item 4 1 June 2009. Emissions Targets What this means for Hertfordshire County Council Carbon Reduction Targets HCC Climate Change Board Agenda Item 4 1 June 2009 Emissions Targets What this means for Hertfordshire County Council Carbon Reduction Targets 1. Background 1.1. In early 2008, Hertfordshire County Council

More information

A European Roadmap for Businesses Towards a Sustainable and Competitive Enterprise

A European Roadmap for Businesses Towards a Sustainable and Competitive Enterprise A European Roadmap for Businesses Towards a Sustainable and Competitive Enterprise A EUROPEAN ROADMAP FOR BUSINESSES Towards a Sustainable and Competitive Enterprise AN OPEN INITIATIVE FOR ALL ENTERPRISES

More information

El Al, Israel s national airline, minimizes losses and significantly improves its cash flow

El Al, Israel s national airline, minimizes losses and significantly improves its cash flow El Al, Israel s national airline, minimizes losses and significantly improves its cash flow During the first quarter, El Al reduced losses by 59%, from $39.8 million in the first quarter of 2009, to $16.5

More information

D DAVID PUBLISHING. Voluntary Carbon Market in Turkey. 1. Introduction. Fehiman Ciner 1 and Aydemir Akyurek 2

D DAVID PUBLISHING. Voluntary Carbon Market in Turkey. 1. Introduction. Fehiman Ciner 1 and Aydemir Akyurek 2 Journal of Energy and Power Engineering 8 (2014) 1908-1912 D DAVID PUBLISHING Fehiman Ciner 1 and Aydemir Akyurek 2 1. Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Nigde University,

More information

EU energy and climate policies beyond 2020

EU energy and climate policies beyond 2020 EU energy and climate policies beyond 2020 Policy recommendations EU s energy and climate change policies are in need of reform. They need to be consistent, simplified and set to drive European competitiveness.

More information

Submission by Norway to the ADP

Submission by Norway to the ADP Submission by Norway to the ADP Norway s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution 1. Introduction Norway is fully committed to the UNFCCC negotiation process towards adopting at COP21 a protocol, another

More information

Our Commitment to a Sustainable Future A strategy for a sustainable future

Our Commitment to a Sustainable Future A strategy for a sustainable future Our Commitment to a Sustainable Future A strategy for a sustainable future The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust 1 Climate change is one of the greatest threats to our health and well-being.

More information

Client Alert: AB 32 and Cap and Trade Design Basics

Client Alert: AB 32 and Cap and Trade Design Basics Client Alert Energy & Natural Resources If you have questions or would like additional information on the material covered in this Alert, please contact one of the authors: Jennifer A. Smokelin Counsel,

More information

THE IMPACT OF LEVIES ON AIR TRANSPORT SUSTAINABILITY

THE IMPACT OF LEVIES ON AIR TRANSPORT SUSTAINABILITY DEVELOPMENT OF AIR TRANSPORT SETTING THE COURSE, MONTREAL 7-8 MAY, 2014 THE IMPACT OF LEVIES ON AIR TRANSPORT SUSTAINABILITY Dr. Andreas Kopp World Bank, TWI 1 OUTLINE 1. The fiscal argument for levies

More information

Green Hong Kong: Environmental Protection, Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles

Green Hong Kong: Environmental Protection, Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles Green Hong Kong: Environmental Protection, Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles 8 October 2009 Fachhochschule der Wirtschaft, Graz Mr. Stephen Kai Wong Director, Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office,

More information

Future Growth of the Airline Industry

Future Growth of the Airline Industry Future Growth of the Airline Industry How will global competition drive change? Andrew Herdman Director General Association of Asia Pacific Airlines Geneva, Switzerland 22 February 2011 Overview Current

More information

Aviation and the economy

Aviation and the economy May 2005 Briefing Aviation and the economy Introduction Aviation and climate change Aviation is the fastest growing contributor to climate change. The industry expects to grow massively in the next thirty

More information

Recommended Practices for Charter Operations

Recommended Practices for Charter Operations Recommended Practices for Charter Operations Introduction The BHA is a non-profit making organisation, whose main objective is to promote the use of helicopters throughout the country and to bring to the

More information

Operation of Low-Cost Carriers in Hong Kong. This paper briefs Members on the operation of low-cost carriers in Hong

Operation of Low-Cost Carriers in Hong Kong. This paper briefs Members on the operation of low-cost carriers in Hong CB(1)1809/12-13(02) For information September 2013 Operation of Low-Cost Carriers in Hong Kong Introduction Kong. This paper briefs Members on the operation of low-cost carriers in Hong Hong Kong s Aviation

More information

Audit Results by Transport Sector

Audit Results by Transport Sector Regulatory Audit Results by Transport Sector As part of the Government s Red Tape Reduction Programme the Infrastructure and Regional Development portfolio (the portfolio) has undertaken an Audit of its

More information

Finnair Group Interim Report 1 January 30 June 2010

Finnair Group Interim Report 1 January 30 June 2010 Finnair Group Interim Report 1 January 30 June 2010 Sector recovering Recovering fastest in Asia and slowest in Europe Sector profit forecast for current year 2.5 billion dollars Ash cloud adversely affected

More information

Norway s path to sustainable transport

Norway s path to sustainable transport Summary: Norway s path to sustainable transport TØI Report 1321/2014 Edited by Lasse Fridstrøm and Knut H. Alfsen Oslo 2014, 284 pages Norwegian language Thanks to the substantial purchase tax levied on

More information

Methane emissions trading

Methane emissions trading 24 Chapter 3: Methane emissions trading Methane emissions trading One of the key issues in this report is whether methane trading is a viable option for the UK. Market based trading schemes are currently

More information

Scope 2 Accounting Guidance: What it means for corporate decisions to purchase environmental instruments

Scope 2 Accounting Guidance: What it means for corporate decisions to purchase environmental instruments Scope 2 Accounting Guidance: What it means for corporate decisions to purchase environmental instruments January 2015 Corporate Scope 2 accounting has traditionally been relatively straight forward. Common

More information

Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework

Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework Contents Overview a. Drivers of electricity prices b. Jobs and growth c. Trade d. Energy dependence A. Impact assessment

More information

Communication «A sustainable future for transport Towards an integrated, technology-led and user friendly system» CEMR position paper COM (2009) 279/4

Communication «A sustainable future for transport Towards an integrated, technology-led and user friendly system» CEMR position paper COM (2009) 279/4 COUNCIL OF EUROPEAN MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS CONSEIL DES COMMUNES ET REGIONS D EUROPE Registered in the Register of Interest Representatives of the European Commission. Registration number: 81142561702-61

More information

Improving the Delivery of Aviation Permits for Foreign Registered Aircraft - Summary of Consultation Responses and the Government s Decision

Improving the Delivery of Aviation Permits for Foreign Registered Aircraft - Summary of Consultation Responses and the Government s Decision Improving the Delivery of Aviation Permits for Foreign Registered Aircraft - Summary of Consultation Responses and the Government s Decision The purpose of this Consultation was to invite views on two

More information