# GCSE Mathematics Calculator Foundation Tier Free Practice Set 6 1 hour 30 minutes ANSWERS. Marks shown in brackets for each question (2)

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1 MathsMadeEasy 3 GCSE Mathematics Calculator Foundation Tier Free Practice Set 6 1 hour 30 minutes ANSWERS Marks shown in brackets for each question Typical Grade Boundaries C D E F G Legend used in answers Green Box - Working out 5b means five times b b = 3 so 5 3 = 15 Red Box and - Answer 48 % Authors Note Every possible effort has been made to ensure that everything in this answer paper is accurate and the author cannot accept responsibility for any errors. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, this paper may only be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means with the prior permission in writing of the author, or in the case of reprographic reproduction in accordance with the terms and licence by the CLA. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside these terms should be sent to the author. The right of David Weeks to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

2 Question Type of question Marks 1 Metric units 3 2 Number operations 5 3 Reflection, translation 4 4 Tally, frequency 4 5 Bar chart, mean 4 6 Volume, plan 4 7 Index laws, area-finding side 4 8 Money conversion 4 9 Measure line, using protractor, construct bisector 4 10 Calculation, scale reading 4 11 Decimal places, significant figures 3 12 VAT percentage calculation 3 13 Calculator skills:, π r 2,, cubed numbers 4 14 Table and Rule 7 15 Algebra 7 16 Area, perimeter 8 17 Money calculation 3 18 Stem leaf, median, range 4 19 Reciprocal, fractions, ratio 4 20 Trial and improvement 4 21 Pythagoras theorem 4 22 Prime factor tree 2 23 Reciprocal, cm 2 to m 2 km to miles 3 24 Pie chart gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

3 1. Write a metric unit on each dotted line in the table below: The first one has been done. The length of a finger 9 centimetres The volume of milk in a glass The length of a car The weight of a bag of potatoes millilitre metres 2. kilogram REMEMBER 1 litre = 1000 millilitres I metre = 100 centimetres 1 kilogram = 1000 grams (3) 3 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

4 2. a) Use your calculator to work out 24.9 ( ) Brackets 1 st Follow the rules of BODMAS or BIDMAS This tell you the order which you do calculate Brackets Order Divide Multiply Add Subtract Brackets Indices Divide Multiply Add Subtract = 1.1 Multiplication 2 nd x 1. 1 = or x ( ) = If your calculator has brackets do it in one go as shown b) Write your answer to a) correct to 1 decimal place We have to decide whether the answer is 27.3 or 27.4 Look at the value of the 2 nd decimal place ( the 9) If it is 5 or more we increase the 1 st decimal place by one If it is less than 5 we leave the 1 st decimal place as it is Here we increase the 1 st decimal place by 1 from 3 to 4 c) Use your calculator to work out Brackets 1 st 45 ( ) = 2.5 Indices or powers 2 nd 2. 5 x 2 = This button squares numbers 6.25 Division 3 rd = 7.2 or 4 5 ( ) x 2 = If your calculator has brackets do it in one go as shown gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

5 3. Measure how far each point of an object are from a mirror line. Repeat these distances on the other side of the mirror line to draw the reflection a) Reflect the shape A in the mirror line. Label it M Measure how far each point of an object are from a mirror line. Repeat these distances on the other side of the mirror line to draw the reflection. b) Translate triangle B by + 7. Label it T. 1 The top number is how many steps to make along the horizontal axis The bottom number is how many steps to make along the vertical axis + 7 means 7 steps to the right the positive x direction 1 means 1 step down the negative y-direction 5 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

7 5. Amy counted the tins of food in her kitchen. She plotted the information on he bar chart below. The frequency scale shows 1 square = 2 4 ½ squares high = 9 tins beans 5 tins fruit = 1 ½ squares high a) How many more tins of beans than peas did she have? There are 9 tins of beans and 3 tins of peas. 9 3 = 6 b) She counted five tins of soup and three tins of fruit. Complete the bar chart 6... c) Amy needed to make sandwiches. One tin of Tuna would make six sandwiches. How many sandwiches could she make with the tins she had? There are 5 tins of Tuna Each Tin does 6 sandwiches We can make 5 x 6 sandwiches = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

8 6. Nina measures her tent. Here are her measurements: Height Width Length = 1.8 metres = 1.75 metres = 3.5 metres a) Calculate the volume of her tent to 1 decimal place The volume of a prism is given = area of cross section length Area of cross section of = width of x height of = 1.9 x x = Volume of = cross section x length of = x x 3. 5 = m 3 b) On the centimetre grid below make an accurate drawing of a plan of her tent. Use the scale of 2 cm equal 1 metre gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

9 7. As a power of y what is a) y 3 y 2 Using powers is a short way of showing when you want to multiply a value by itself several times. Instead of writing it out long hand, we just put the power on the top right hand side of the value. 8 5 means eight to the power five. It means multiply 8 by itself five times 8 x 8 x 8 x 8 x 8 When multiplying powers ADD the powers So y 3 y 2 = y x y x y x y x y = y 5 y 5... b) y 8 y 4 When dividing powers SUBTRACT the powers y 8 = y x y x y x y x y x y x y x y cancel to get = y 4 y 4 y x y x y x y y 4... c) The area of the rectangle below is 45 cm 2 Calculate the length of side w w cm 5 cm In algebra we write 5 x w as 5w missing out the times sign Area of rectangle = height x width = 5 x w = 5w We know area = 45 so 5w = 45 w = 45 5 = 9 9 w = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

10 8. The graph below can be used to convert between pounds and Euros. c 3.25 b c Each square = ½ So ½ square = 0.25 a a) Laura says one euro is worth more than one pound. Laura is wrong Using the graph explain why Find 1 euro on the vertical axis. Move across to the line. Drop down vertically it crosses at less than 1 pound.... b) What is 3 in Euros ( )? b 3.75 Each square = ½ or 50p So ½ square = 25p Find 3 on the bottom axis. Draw a line vertically up to the graph line and go across to read the left axis c) What is 4 Euros in pounds ( ) Find 4 on the left axis. Draw a line horizontally across to the graph line and go down to read the bottom axis d) What is 300 in Euros? From b) 3 = = 3.25 x 100 = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

11 9. On the 1 cm grid below, line AB has been drawn. a) Measure the length of the line AB 5.5± 0.1 cm... b) Using a protractor draw an angle of 60 0 at point A gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

12 c) Using a compass bisect the 60 0 angle from b) You must show your construction lines gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

13 10. Matthew put 30 litres of petrol in his car. It cost a) How much was the cost of petrol per litre? 30 litres cost litre costs = When Matthew s petrol tank was full it contained 45 litres of petrol. b) After using his car for a week, Matthew s petrol gauge showed the reading below. How much petrol was left in the petrol tank? The scale reads 6 small marks = 6/10 full which is 0.6 There are 10 small marks So each is 1/10 of the full mark 4 5 x 0. 6 = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

14 11. What is a) correct to 1 decimal place The 1 st decimal place could be 4 or 5. Look at the 2 nd decimal value. If it is 5 or more round up. Otherwise round down. We have 6 so we round up to b) correct to 2 decimal place The 2 nd decimal place could be 6 or 7. Look at the 3 rd decimal value. If it is 5 or more round up. Otherwise round down. We have 9 so we round up to c) correct to 2 significant figures The first significant figure is 1 The 2 nd significant figure could be 4 or 5 Look at the 3 rd significant figure. If it is 5 or more round up. Otherwise round down. We have 6 so we round up gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

15 12. Logan bought a webcam for In the sale it was reduced by 45%. How much did Logan pay for the webcam? 1. Find 45% of You can do it 3 ways: Change 45% to a decimal x = x 45 and x = Use the % button x 4. 5 shift % = Find the % button on your calculator to make it simpler 2. Subtract it from = (3) 15 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

16 13. Using your calculator work out a) π r 2 when r = 2.5 cm. Give your answer to 1 decimal place πr 2 = π x get π with shift π or whatever it is on your calculator The x 2 button squares 2.5 or shift π x 2. 5 x 2 = shift π x 2. 5 x 2. 5 = To 1 decimal place is 19.6 b) the square root of cm = This is the square root button on your calculator c) 2.4 cubed. Write all the numbers on your calculator display Cubed means that number times itself three times Use the x y button 2. 4 x 2. 4 x 2. 4 = or 2. 4 x y 3 = The x y button multiplies the number any number of times. Enter the number, press this button then enter the number of times you want to multiply it by itself gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

17 14. Sylvia hired some tableware for a tea party The prices for each item are shown in the table below a) Complete Sylvia s bill for hiring the tea set. To get this column multiply the two columns together. Cost each x quantity = total for item e.g x 10 = 1.50 Item Cost each Quantity Total cost ( ) 2.61 Cups Saucers Tea pot Sugar bowl Milk jug Total (3) x 3 = 2.58 To get the quantity of each item the total cost by the cost each = 9 Subtract the amounts in the right hand column from = = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

18 The cost of delivery for these items is worked out using the formula: Cost of delivery = Distance to customer (miles) The distance to a customer is 27 miles. b) Work out how much the delivery cost is in pounds 27 x x = 15.8 A customer paid for the delivery cost. c) Work out the distance to the customer Work it out backwards = miles 18 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

19 15. a) Simplify 5b + 7a + 3b 9a + b Simplify means add or subtract anything that is the same type of thing 5 lots of b plus another 3 lots of b and another b gives 9 lots of b. 7 lots of a subtract 9 lots of a gives minus 2 lots of a b) Simplify a + a a 9b 2a... Do the a x a first = a 2 We can t mix a and a 2 so we have to leave it as a + a 2 a + a 2 c) c = 5a 6b What is the value of c when a = 6 and b = 3 Replace the letters with numbers c = 5a 6b c = 5 x 6 6 x 3 = = 12 d) Expand and Simplify (y + 7)(y + 3) It looks like a face! y y = y 2 y +3 = 3y ( y +7 ) ( y +3 ) Simplify collect like terms together = y =7y 3y + 7y + y = y y + 21 Double Brackets mean FOUR multiplications Use FOIL to help you remember the 4 multiplications: First terms Outer terms Inner terms Last terms OR use a 2 2 grid Then simplify x y +3 y y 2 +3y +7 +7y +21 y y e) Simplify 2a 2 a a 2 x a = a 3 2a gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

20 16. The diagram below shows a plan of a rectangular garden with measurements in metres. There is a circular pond and an area for flowers. Not accurately drawn Area of a circle is πr 2 r is the radius which is half the diameter a) Work out the area of the circular pond to 2 decimal places Area of a circular pond is πr 2 = π get π using shift π The x 2 button squares 1.5 or shift π x 1. 5 x 2 = shift π x 1. 5 x 1. 5 = 7.07 To 2 decimal places is 7.07 b) Work out the area of the rectangle covered by grass to 1 decimal place Area of rectangle covered by grass = area of rectangle pond area = 7 x = = m 2 c) Express the longest side of the garden in terms of x m x...m 20 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

21 d) Express the perimeter of the garden in terms of x. Give your answer in its simplest form. The perimeter is the total distance around the garden = x x = x The perimeter of the garden is 40 metres. e) Find the value of x. Perimeter x = 40 (Subtract 32) x = x = 8 so x = x... 4 x = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

22 17. Laura bought 25 cups and 8 plates. The total cost was Each plate cost Find the cost of each cup. 8 plates cost x = Find the cost of 25 cups by subtracting this from the total cost = Find the cost of each cup by dividing this by = (3) 22 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

23 18. A pupil recorded the length of 19 pencils in centimetres. The stem-and-leaf diagram shows the results a) In the space below, draw a stem and leaf diagram to show these times. Show the key = 13.2 The Median is the middle value b) What is the median pencil length? The Median is the middle value There are 19 values so the middle one is the 10 th value c) What is the range of pencil lengths? 4 cm Range = difference between largest and smallest = cm 23 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

24 19. a) What is the reciprocal of 5? The reciprocal is 1 over the number b) Work out We can convert 7 th into 21 st because 7 goes into 21 2 = 6 subtract 6 5 = x 3 to get 21 c) Share 21 in the ration 1: Add up the ratios = 3. We have 10 parts Divide 21 by 3 = 7. One part = 7 Two parts = 14 7 and gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

25 20. The equation x 3 Trial and improvement means trying out different 4x = 9 values for the letters in an equation to see how close you get to the given answer has a solution between 2 and 3 Use a trial and improvement method to find this solution correct to 1 decimal place You must show all your working. For this equation make a table with columns for the x, x 3, 4x and answer Use the power button to get x 3 4 x y 3 gives 4 3 = 64 x y x x 3 4x = Too low 2 x y 3 4 x 2 = Too high 3 x y 3 4 x 3 = 15 is closer to 9 than 0 so x is nearer 3 than 2. Try x = 2.7 next Almost 2. 7 x y 3 4 x 2. 7 = This is too low so try a higher value for x. Go up by one decimal point x = Too high 2. 8 x y 3 4 x 2. 8 = 2.7 x =... (4) 25 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

26 21. ABC is a right angled triangle with side AB = 15 and side BC = 8 cm a) Work out the length of side AC To work out the length of the diagonal we can use Pythagoras s theorem because we have a right angled triangle. (Length diagonal) 2 = (length Side 1) 2 + (length side 2) 2 D 2 = = = 289 D = 289 = 17 cm This button squares your number 17...cm 1 5 x x 2 = = b) Work out the area of the triangle. Area of = ½ x base x height = 0.5 x 8 x 15 = x 8 x 1 5 = 60 cm gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

27 22. Draw a prime number tree for 112. A prime factor tree breaks a number down into its prime number factors. 2 is the first prime number Start with your number at the top. See if it can be halved This halves into 2 and can be halved again =2 x can be halved again =2 x =2 x 7 both prime numbers 112 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 7 Theses are all prime numbers 23. Calculate: a) Convert 3m 2 to cm cm The answer is NOT 300!! 1 m cm Look at a metre square with 100cm sides 1 m 2 = 100 x 100 cm square = cm 2 3 m 2 = cm 2 b) 1 mile = 1.6 km. How many miles is 48 km? 1.6 kilometres = 1mile So 1 kilometre = 1 miles 1.6 So 48 kilometres = 1 x 48 = 48 miles = gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

28 24. Laura recorded the types of tableware she had in her crockery business. She had 90 items. To work out the number of degrees for one item, divide 140 by 35 = 4 Tableware Frequency Angle Plates Cups & saucers Milk Jugs 44 Sugar bowls a) Complete the table above This angle = 30 x 4 degrees 3 0 x 4 = This frequency = = This frequency = 14 x 4 = x 4 = b) Draw an accurate pie chart to show this information. The first one has been done for you. TOTAL FOR PAPER: 100 MARKS END 28 gcse-maths-f-c-s6a

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