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1 Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development

2 The Impact of Climate Change on the agriculture: The change of early time planting (onset) and harvesting The change of crop pattern The change of crop area We need a guide for time planting in national scale Cropping Calendar (Kalender Tanam, KATAM)

3 Semi-dynamic Cropping Calendar ( ) 2007: Jawa (Vol. I) 2008: Sumatera (Vol. II) 2009: Kalimantan (Vol. III) & Sulawesi (Vol.IV) 2010: Bali, Maluku, Nusa Tenggara & Papua (Vol.V) Start of time planting Until sub-district level Base on 3 scenario of climate anomaly (El-Nino, La-Nina, Normal) on the whole year

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5 In fact: Climate anomaly can be occured every season, even though every month So We need to improve the time frame

6 Dynamic Cropping Calendar (after 2010) Time frame standart season of planting TP-1 (rainy season) : November-Fabruary TP-2 (first dry season) : March-June TP-3 (second dry season) : July-October Use of the climate information (BMKG)

7 Integrated Cropping Calendar (after 2011) Combine with other information: Seed recommendation Fertilizer recommendation Hazard information (flood, drought, pest)

8 The list of ICC information 1. Rainfall and season prediction 2. Start of time planting 3. Crop pattern 4. Potential of crop area 5. Recommendation of fertilizer dosis 6. Recommendation of fertilizer need 7. Seed recommendation 8. Potential of pest 9. Potential of flood and drought Dynamic Integrated

9 SEVERAL LINK DATABASE Rainfall /Season Prediction Crop Calendar Data Seed Data BMKG IAHRI ICRR Access of Spatial Data Algorithm of Climate prediction and Cropping Calendar Algorithm of Seed need estimation Time Planting & Crop Area Estimation Seed recommendation Database Database INTEGRATED CROPPING CALENDAR INFORMATION SYSTEM SRI Fertilizar Data Algorithm of Fertilizer Need & Dosis calculation Fertilizer recommendation Database

10 Prediction of Season Start from BMKG: - Start (RS/DS): - Dilatation (Earlier, Later, Constant) - Characteristics (AN, BN, N) Prediction of Monthly Rainfall dinamik 342 Season Zone (ZOM) & 65 Nonseason Zone (Non- ZOM) BMKG Convertion ZOM Sub-district Database of Season Time (WS/DS) at sub-district level Administration Data: Province, District, Subdistrict IAHRI CROPPING CALENDAR: Existing, Wet, Dry, Normal Database of Time Planting, Crop Area at sub-district level on the 4-scenario: Existing, Wet, Normal, Dry INPUT PENGEMBANGAN SISTEM & PENGOPERASIAN dinamik OUTPUT KETERANGAN: INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT DYNAMIC CROPPING CALENDAR: Information of Time Planting & Crop Area based on Season prediction DYNAMIC INPUT DYNAMIC PROCESS

11 UPDATED STATUS 1. First Launching of ICC ver 1.0: 27 December 2011, Head of IAARD Katam TP-1 (RS) 2011/2012 Web Online Interactive Maps 2. Second Launching of ICC ver 1.1: 17 February 2012 on IAARD Web Climate Prediction TP-2 (DS-1) 2012 ICC for TP-2 (DS-1) 2012 Cropping Calendar Maps Interactive Feature improvement Information improving/focusing

12 UPDATED STATUS 3. Improvement Discussion with other Directur 3 March 2012, Head of IAARD input for improvement 4. Improvement Discuss with Co-chairman of MoA 9 March 2012, Head of IAARD input for improvement 5. Planing for ICC TP-3 (DS-2) 2012 Early April 2012

13 HOW TO INTERPRET THE BMKG INFORMATION Time frame for Standart Planing Season: TP-1: WS (November-February) TP-2: DS-1 (March-June) TP-3: DS-2 (July-October) Season Prediction from BMKG, use monsunal format: DS : April-September WS : October-March

14 HOW TO INTERPRET THE BMKG INFORMATION Rainfal & Characteristics Prediktion for TP-1 interpretate the monthly rainfall prediction (Nov-Dec-Jan) & WS Prediction Rainfal & Characteristics Prediktion for TP-2 interpretate the monthly rainfall prediction (Mar-Apr-May) Rainfal & Characteristics Prediktion for TP-3 interpretate the monthly rainfall prediction (Jul-Aug-Sep) & DS Prediction

15 HOW TO INTERPRET THE BMKG INFORMATION Point Information ZOM/NonZOM Sub-district

16 Prosesor min 1 Ghz Memory min 1 Gb Hardisc min 200 Gb VGA min 500 Mb Internet connection min 1 MBps

17 INTEGRATED CROPPING CALENDAR INFORMATION SYSTEM, ONLINE SYSTEM Or use MoA/IAARD/IAHRI web:

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19 MENU DIAGRAM KALENDER TANAM TERPADU Utama Data Interaktif Dokumen PDF Peta Interaktif Grafik STAR T Peta & Data Tematik Pendekatan Peta Kerentanan Peta Rekomendasi Pupuk Kalender Tanam Kalender Tanam Dinamik Rekomendasi Varitas Peta Kerentanan Utama Data Rekomendasi Pupuk Prediksi BMKG Ancaman Bencana Rekomendasi Pupuk Sambutan Penyusun Menteri Pertanian Dirjen Tanaman Pangan Kepala Badan Litbang Kepala BMKG Kontak

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47 No Pulau Luas baku Sawah (Ha) Awal Tanam Dominan Potensi Luas Tanam (Ha) Intensitas Tanam (%) Jumlah Benih (Ton) Kebutuhan Pupuk NPK (Ton) 1. Sumatera Jan III-Feb I Jawa Mar I-II Kalimantan Jan III-Feb I Sulawesi Mar III-Apr I Maluku Jan III-Feb I Papua Mei I-II Bali & NT Mei I-II INDONESIA Mar III-Apr I

48 α - Testing Internal team (Litbang Pertanian): Verification, validation and data input updating (data administration, standard crop area, BMKG s information, seed, fertilizer, time planting, hazard) Algorithm of input variable inter-relation Output information β - Testing External team (BP2SDM, Ditjend TP, BMKG, Ditjend PSP, Dinas Pertanian, BPTPH): Socialization Field Implementation Feedback

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