Human Development. Katie Infante & Jody Osika

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1 Human Development Katie Infante & Jody Osika

2 Human Development Involves many different aspects of life Ongoing process Although development may follow the same basic outline, everyone develops differently

3 Jean Piaget Four stages of development Schemas Egocentric talk Metacognition

4 Classroom Application of Piaget s Theory Match student level of thinking Provide opportunities for students to learn through experience Concrete -> Abstract Make connections between old and new

5 Classroom Application of Piaget s Theory Reflect on our lessons. Ask ourselves the following questions: Did the lesson work? What didn t work? Did the method used meet the needs of all my students? What can I do to ensure the lesson will meet the needs of my students in the future? This website gives several ideas on how to incorporate Piaget s theories into instruction.

6 Lev Vygotsky Social interaction was a large part of his cognitive development theory Language = cultural tool Internalization of social interactions Imagination Zone of Proximal Development Scaffolding

7 Classroom Applications of Vygotsky s Theory Appropriate development level Perform activities on their own Perform activities with others Pennies to learn phonemic awareness

8 Jerome Bruner Modes of Representation: enactive, iconic & symbolic Family Interaction Linguistic Symbols Scaffolding language acquisition

9 Classroom Application of Bruner s Theory Provide study materials, activities, and tools Examples of all three to help children learn about dinosaurs Construct a model of a cell (enactive) Watch a film about cells (iconic) Consult reference texts and discuss findings about cells (symbolic) This website gives several examples of incorporating all 3 modes of representation

10 Bruner s Theory Quiz To which mode of representation does this activity belong: Learning to form complete, correct sentences by placing magnetic word cards on the chalkboard Enactive Iconic Symbolic

11 CORRECT! The Enactive mode

12 Incorrect We re sorry, Please try again

13 Father of Modern Linguistics Noam Chomsky Similar beliefs as Bruner Intuitive/innate knowledge was essential in language learning Developed Principles & Parameters approach

14 Classroom Applications of Chomsky s Theory Although parents are chief source of language acquisition, children have an innate ability to master it Language Development

15 Chomsky Vs. Piaget Believed various components in language acquisition were innate Language development was continuous Believed language acquisition was through a process of gradual stages It was acquired through presentation of new information and reassessment

16 Cognitive Development Memory Techniques for Special Education Tips To Maintain an Active Brain Memory Development Strategies

17 Language Development Related to Working Memory Phonological Loop: phonological store and rehearsal Critical Period Hypothesis

18 Language Development Strategies For Class Language Development Listening and Speech Activity Scaffolding For Language Acquisition

19 Social Development Kelvin Seifert (2010) states, my assumption is that early childhood classrooms are busy, social places, and that teachers of the young normally rely on the richness of that social life to nudge or move children toward more mature forms of thinking. From this perspective, social experience is primarily construed as stimulus, independent variable, or cause, and cognition as response, outcome, or effect.

20 Moral Development Developing Morals: A Class Discussion Activity

21 Disabilities There are a variety of disabilities that affect development: Physical Sensory Emotional disabilities ADHD Learning and reading difficulties Auditory processing disorders Autism Spectrum disorders

22 Environmental Influences Socio-economic status Family/Home life Friends School

23 Genie Here is the documentary titled, Secret of the Wild Child. The story of Genie relates to human development and what could happen if every aspect of human life was isolated for over 10 years. Genie Part 1 Genie Part 2 Genie Part 3 Genie Part 4 Genie Part 5 Genie Part 6

24 Facts about Genie Feral Child Spent first 13 years of life locked in bedroom strapped to a potty chair She is said to be the victim of the worst case of social isolation in America When found, she was initially nearly silent. Later learned to express herself through language and signs

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