# Page 1. Earth's Shape/Mapping Practice Questions. Name:

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Earth's Shape/Mapping Practice Questions Page 1 Name: 1) How are latitude and longitude lines drawn on a globe of the Earth? A) Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines meet at the Equator. B) Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines meet at the poles. C) Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the poles. D) Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the Equator. 2) The diagram below illustrates the position of the Earth in relation to the Sun on one particular day. Points A, B, C, and D are locations on the Earth's surface. In which direction would an observer at point D look to find Polaris? A) north B) west C) south D) east 3) W hich graph best represents the relationship between the latitude of an observer and the observed altitude of Polaris above the northern horizon? A) C) B) D)

2 Page 2 4) The map below represents a view of the Earth looking down from above the North Pole (N.P.), showing the Earth's 24 standard time zones. The Sun's rays are striking the Earth from the right. Points A, B, C, and D are locations on the Earth's surface. Areas within a time zone generally keep the same standard clock time. In degrees of longitude, approximately how wide is one standard time zone? A) 15D B) 23\D C) 30D D) 7\D 5) The diagram below represents contour lines on a topographic map with cross-section line AB. Which diagram best represents the topographic profile along line AB? A) C) B) D)

3 Questions 6 through 9 refer to the following: Page 3 The diagram below represents a contour map below. Letters A through K represent locations in the area. Hachure lines show depressions. 6) Which hilltop could have an elevation of 1,145 meters? A) F B) G C) H D) D 7) Toward which direction does Moose Creek flow? A) northeast B) southwest C) southeast D) northwest 8) W hich graph best represents the map profile along a straight line from point C through point A to point K? A) C) B) D) 9) What is the lowest possible elevation of point B? A) 971 m B) 941 m C) 961 m D) 981 m

4 10) The isoline diagram below represents an elevation field Page 4 Which profile best represents the topography along line AB? A) C) B) D) 11) Isolines on the topographic map below show elevations above sea level, measured in meters. What could be the possible elevation represented on this map? A) 39 m B) 45 m C) 49 m D) 41 m

5 Page 5 12) Points A through D represent locations in the region. What is the approximate latitude of point B? A) 42D191 N B) 74D221 W C) 74D151 W D) 42D161 N 13) According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, at which New York State location is the altitude of Polaris closest to 42D? A) Rochester B) Albany C) Mt. Marcy D) Slide Mt. 14) Points A through C are locations on the contour map below. Elevations are in meters. Which side of Lookout Hill has the steepest slope? A) east B) west C) north D) south 15) According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, which part of the atmosphere has the smallest distance from the bottom to the top of its zone? A) troposphere B) mesosphere C) thermosphere D) stratosphere 16) The polar circumference of the Earth is 40,008 kilometers. What is the equatorial circumference? A) 40,008 km B) 40,076 km C) 25,000 km D) 12,740 km

6 Page 6 17) When the time of day for a certain ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day at the Prime Meridian (0D longitude) is 3 p.m. What is the ship's longitude? A) 75D W ) 45D B E ) 45D C W ) 75D E D 18) The map below shows the average yearly number of thunderstorms in the United States. Approximately how many thunderstorms occur yearly in Albany, New York? A) 32 B) 41 C) 25 D) 19 19) What is the location of Binghamton, New York? [Refer to the Earth Science Reference Tables.] A) 42D541 N. lat., 76D051 W. long. B) 42D541 N. lat., 75D551 W. long. C) 42D061 N. lat., 75D551 W. long. D) 42D061 N. lat., 76D051 W. long.

7 Page 7 20) The map below shows average annual amounts of precipitation in centimeters for several selected locations within New York State. In an eastward direction across New York State from Jamestown to Kingston, the average annual precipitation generally A) decreases, then increases B) decreases, only C) increases, then decreases D) increases, only 21) The diagram below represents part of Earth's latitude-longitude system. What is the latitude and longitude of point L? A) 5D E, 30D N ) 5D N, B30D E ) 5D W, C30D S ) 5D S, D30D W

8 22) The graph below represents percentage of elements by volume Page 8 According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, this graph best represents the elements of the Earth's A) lithosphere B) hydrosphere C) stratosphere D) troposphere 23) Which diagram best represents the Earth with the ocean depth drawn to scale? A) C) B) D) 24) The best evidence that the Earth has a spherical shape would be provided by A) photographs of the Earth taken from space B) the change in the time of sunrise and sunset at a single location during 1 year C) the time the Earth takes to rotate on its axis at different times of the year D) the prevailing wind direction at many locations on the Earth's surface 25) Measurements taken from space show the Earth to be A) greatest in diameter at the Equator C) greatest in diameter at the poles B) pear shaped D) a perfect sphere 26) Based on the diagram below, what is the circumference of planet Y? A) 16,000 km B) 9,000 km C) 24,000 km D) 12,000 km

9 Page 9 27) On the contour map below, letters A through H represent locations in the area represented by the map. Contour lines are labeled in feet. Calculate the gradient of the slope along the dashed line between points G and H on the given map. [Label the answer with the correct units.] Questions 28 and 29 refer to the following: On the topographic map below, points A, B, Y, and Z are reference points on the topographic map. The symbol 533 represents the highest elevation on Aurora Hill. 28) Describe the evidence shown on the map that indicates that the southern side of Holland Hill has the steepest slope.

10 29) On the grid below, construct a topographic profile from point A to point B by following the directions below. (a) Plot the elevation along line AB by marking with an X each point where a contour line is crossed by line AB. [Points A and B have been plotted for you.] (b) Complete the profile by correctly connecting the plotted points with a smooth, curved line Page 10

11 Page 11 30) The temperature field map below shows air temperatures, in degrees Fahrenheit, recorded at the same time at weather stations across North America. [The air temperature at location A has been deliberately left blank.] (a) On the map above, use smooth, curved solid lines to draw the 30DF, 40DF, and 50DF isotherms. (b) What is the most probable air temperature at location A?

12 1) C Answer Key Page 1 2) A 3) B 4) A 5) C 6) B 7) C 8) A 9) C 10) A 11) D 12) D 13) D 14) C 15) A 16) B 17) A 18) C 19) C 20) A 21) B 22) B 23) C 24) A 25) A 26) A

13 Answer Key Page 2 27) 50(±3) feet per mile (ft/mi) 28) Answers may vary. SAMPLE ANSWERS: Contour lines are closer together on the southern section of the hill. OR The south side has the greatest change in elevation per mile. 29) 30) (a) ; (b) 46DF (+2)

### 6. The greatest atmospheric pressure occurs in the 1) troposphere 3) mesosphere 2) stratosphere 4) thermosphere

1. The best evidence of the Earth's nearly spherical shape is obtained through telescopic observations of other planets photographs of the Earth from an orbiting satellite observations of the Sun's altitude

### OBJECTIVES. Identify the means by which latitude and longitude were created and the science upon which they are based.

Name: Key OBJECTIVES Correctly define: isolines, gradient, topographic map, contour interval, hachured lines, profile, latitude, longitude, hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, elevation, model EARTH

### lat/long/size&shape of Earth 1. Which statement provides the best evidence that Earth has a nearly spherical shape?

Name: Tuesday, September 23, 2008 lat/long/size&shape of Earth 1. Which statement provides the best evidence that Earth has a nearly spherical shape? 1. The Sun has a spherical shape. 3. Star trails photographed

### INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 STD V WORKSHEET Page 1 of 7 SOCIAL STUDIES LESSON - 1. KNOW YOUR PLANET Fill in the blanks: 1. A book containing maps is called an. 2. A Flemish map maker,

### 7613-1 - Page 1. Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions

Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions 7613-1 - Page 1 Name: 1) Equal quantities of water are placed in four uncovered containers with different shapes and left on a table at room temperature. From which

### TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS. RELIEF (brown) Hills, valleys, mountains, plains, etc. WATER. land boundaries, etc. CULTURAL

TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS MAP 2-D REPRESENTATION OF THE EARTH S SURFACE TOPOGRAPHIC MAP A graphic representation of the 3-D configuration of the earth s surface. This is it shows elevations (third dimension). It

### 2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. Which weather instrument has most improved the accuracy of weather forecasts over the past 40 years? 1) thermometer 3) weather satellite 2) sling psychrometer 4) weather balloon 6. Wind velocity is

### Celestial Observations

Celestial Observations Earth experiences two basic motions: Rotation West-to-East spinning of Earth on its axis (v rot = 1770 km/hr) (v rot Revolution orbit of Earth around the Sun (v orb = 108,000 km/hr)

### Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Review 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When hydrogen nuclei fuse into helium nuclei a. the nuclei die. c. particles collide. b. energy

### Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X?

Solar System 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? A) Earth B) Sun C) Moon D) Polaris 2. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered

### Geographic Grid. Locations Feature 1 Feature 2 Feature 3

Geographic Grid Name The geographic grid refers to the internationally-recognized system of latitude and longitude used to location positions on Earth's surface. Accurate use of this coordinate system

### Water & Climate Review

Water & Climate Review 1. The cross section below shows the direction of air flowing over a mountain. Points A and B are at the same elevation on opposite sides of the mountain. 4. The graph below shows

### The Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

INDIAN SCHOOL MUSCAT MIDDLE SECTION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE The Globe Latitudes and Longitudes NAME: CLASS VI SEC: ROLL NO: DATE:.04.2015 I NAME THE FOLLOWING: 1. A small spherical model of the Earth:

### Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

### Planet Earth in Cross Section By Michael Osborn Fayetteville-Manlius HS

Planet Earth in Cross Section By Michael Osborn Fayetteville-Manlius HS Objectives Devise a model of the layers of the Earth to scale. Background Planet Earth is organized into layers of varying thickness.

### Earth-Sun Relationships. The Reasons for the Seasons

Earth-Sun Relationships The Reasons for the Seasons Solar Radiation The earth intercepts less than one two-billionth of the energy given off by the sun. However, the radiation is sufficient to provide

### Section 3 Mapping Earth s Surface

Section 3 Mapping Earth s Surface Key Concept Maps are tools that are used to display data about a given area of a physical body. What You Will Learn Maps can be used to find locations on Earth and to

### 1. In the diagram below, the direct rays of the Sun are striking the Earth's surface at 23 º N. What is the date shown in the diagram?

1. In the diagram below, the direct rays of the Sun are striking the Earth's surface at 23 º N. What is the date shown in the diagram? 5. During how many days of a calendar year is the Sun directly overhead

### FOR TEACHERS ONLY. The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING/EARTH SCIENCE

FOR TEACHERS ONLY PS ES The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING/EARTH SCIENCE Tuesday, June 22, 2010 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only SCORING KEY AND RATING

### 1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 6. Which map correctly shows the wind directions of the highpressure and low-pressure systems? 1) 2) Which two

### Chapter 3: Weather Map. Weather Maps. The Station Model. Weather Map on 7/7/2005 4/29/2011

Chapter 3: Weather Map Weather Maps Many variables are needed to described weather conditions. Local weathers are affected by weather pattern. We need to see all the numbers describing weathers at many

### ACTIVITY 9.1 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

ACTIVITY 9.1 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS 9.1A. Latitude: 40 S Longitude: 20 W 9.1B. 1. north 24 east; azimuth of 24 2. south 24 west; azimuth of 204 9.1C. 1. center SW1/4, NE1/4, SE1/4, sec. 11, T1S, R2W

### 6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B.

1. Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface? 1) the distance from the Equator 2) the extent of vegetative cover 3) the degrees of longitude

### Earth In Space Chapter 3

Earth In Space Chapter 3 Shape of the Earth Ancient Greeks Earth casts a circular shadow on the moon during a lunar eclipse Shape of the Earth Ancient Greeks Ships were observed to disappear below the

### Chapter 3: Weather Map. Station Model and Weather Maps Pressure as a Vertical Coordinate Constant Pressure Maps Cross Sections

Chapter 3: Weather Map Station Model and Weather Maps Pressure as a Vertical Coordinate Constant Pressure Maps Cross Sections Weather Maps Many variables are needed to described dweather conditions. Local

### The Earth Really is Flat! The Globe and Coordinate Systems. Long History of Mapping. The Earth is Flat. Long History of Mapping

The Earth Really is Flat! The Globe and Coordinate Systems Intro to Mapping & GIS The Earth is Flat Day to day, we live life in a flat world sun rises in east, sets in west sky is above, ground is below

### Basic Coordinates & Seasons Student Guide

Name: Basic Coordinates & Seasons Student Guide There are three main sections to this module: terrestrial coordinates, celestial equatorial coordinates, and understanding how the ecliptic is related to

### Stage 4. Geography. Blackline Masters. By Karen Devine

1 Devine Educational Consultancy Services Stage 4 Geography Blackline Masters By Karen Devine Updated January 2010 2 This book is intended for the exclusive use in NSW Secondary Schools. It is meant to

### Latitude and Longitudes in Geodesy James R. Clynch February 2006

Latitude and Longitudes in Geodesy James R. Clynch February 2006 I. Latitude and Longitude on Spherical Earth Latitude and longitude are the grid lines you see on globes. For a spherical earth these are

### Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems

Earth Coordinates & Grid Coordinate Systems How do we model the earth? Datums Datums mathematically describe the surface of the Earth. Accounts for mean sea level, topography, and gravity models. Projections

### Coordinate Systems. Orbits and Rotation

Coordinate Systems Orbits and Rotation Earth orbit. The earth s orbit around the sun is nearly circular but not quite. It s actually an ellipse whose average distance from the sun is one AU (150 million

### EARTH'S MOTIONS. 2. The Coriolis effect is a result of Earth's A tilted axis B orbital shape C revolution D rotation

EARTH'S MOTIONS 1. Which hot spot location on Earth's surface usually receives the greatest intensity of insolation on June 21? A Iceland B Hawaii C Easter Island D Yellowstone 2. The Coriolis effect is

### Seasonal & Daily Temperatures. Seasons & Sun's Distance. Solstice & Equinox. Seasons & Solar Intensity

Seasonal & Daily Temperatures Seasons & Sun's Distance The role of Earth's tilt, revolution, & rotation in causing spatial, seasonal, & daily temperature variations Please read Chapter 3 in Ahrens Figure

### FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Describing the Universe. LAB: Comparing and contrasting bodies that reflect light. POST: Exploring

### Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE)

Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE) Basic Lesson 3: Using Microsoft Excel to Analyze Weather Data: Topography and Temperature Introduction This lesson uses NCDC data to compare

### Activity 8 Drawing Isobars Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml

Activity 8 Drawing Isobars Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml Objectives: 1. Students will be able to define and draw isobars to analyze air pressure variations. 2. Students

### The Four Seasons. A Warm Up Exercise. A Warm Up Exercise. A Warm Up Exercise. The Moon s Phases

The Four Seasons A Warm Up Exercise What fraction of the Moon s surface is illuminated by the Sun (except during a lunar eclipse)? a) Between zero and one-half b) The whole surface c) Always half d) Depends

### Geographic Datums & Coordinates

Geographic Datums & Coordinates What is the shape of the earth? Why is it relevant for GIS? 9-04-2012 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 2-1 From Conceptual to Pragmatic Dividing a sphere into a stack of pancakes

### Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

### Geography I Pre Test #1

Geography I Pre Test #1 1. The sun is a star in the galaxy. a) Orion b) Milky Way c) Proxima Centauri d) Alpha Centauri e) Betelgeuse 2. The response to earth's rotation is a) an equatorial bulge b) polar

### Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale

Ellipsoid and Datum, Projection, Coordinate system, and Map Scale Lectures 4 Sept 14, 2006 Why we need it? Earth Shape Models Flat earth models are still used for plane surveying, over distances short

### Lines on Maps and Globes. Cross Curricular Writing Activity Social Studies Grade 4

Lines on Maps and Globes Cross Curricular Writing Activity Social Studies Grade 4 Fourth Grade Social Studies Standard Map: Chart/Globe The learner will be able to use maps, charts, graphs, and globes

### Plain Local 5 th Grade Map Skills Test

Plain Local 5 th Grade Map Skills Test 1. A map scale shows: a. The relationship between actual distance and distance shown on a map b. Meaning of symbols on a map c. Elevation of an area d. The four Cardinal

### Full name:.. Date:. School: Teacher: Contents:

Contents: 1.- The atmosphere. 2.- Weather and climate. 3.- The elements of climate 3.1 Temperatures 3.2 Rainfalls 3.3 Atmospheric pressure 3.4 Wind 4.-The Natural Environment. Full name:.. Date:. Class:

### Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions

Chapter 2 Orientation to the Sky: Apparent Motions 2.1 Purpose The main goal of this lab is for you to gain an understanding of how the sky changes during the night and over the course of a year. We will

### Solar Angles and Latitude

Solar Angles and Latitude Objectives The student will understand that the sun is not directly overhead at noon in most latitudes. The student will research and discover the latitude ir classroom and calculate

Project ATMOSPHERE This guide is one of a series produced by Project ATMOSPHERE, an initiative of the American Meteorological Society. Project ATMOSPHERE has created and trained a network of resource agents

### Maps and Globes. By Kennedy s Korner

Maps and Globes By Kennedy s Korner Table of Contents Words to Know What are Maps and Globes Map Key or Symbols Cardinal Directions Intermediate Directions Equator Prime Meridian Hemispheres Coordinate

### Topographic Maps Practice Questions and Answers Revised October 2007

Topographic Maps Practice Questions and Answers Revised October 2007 1. In the illustration shown below what navigational features are represented by A, B, and C? Note that A is a critical city in defining

### Lecture 4. Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS

Lecture 4 Map Projections & Coordinate System in GIS GIS in Water Resources Spring 2015 Geodesy, Map Projections and Coordinate Systems Geodesy - the shape of the earth and definition of earth datums Map

### CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles

CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles I. Air Temperature: Five important factors influence air temperature: A. Insolation B. Latitude C. Surface types D. Coastal vs. interior

### Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction

Chapter Overview CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.

### ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment School Year 2013-2014 Directions for Grade 6 Post-Assessment The Grade 6 Post-Assessment is

### UTM: Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System

Practical Cartographer s Reference #01 UTM: Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System 180 174w 168w 162w 156w 150w 144w 138w 132w 126w 120w 114w 108w 102w 96w 90w 84w 78w 72w 66w 60w 54w 48w 42w

### World Map Lesson 4 - The Global Grid System - Grade 6+

World Map Lesson 4 - The Global Grid System - Grade 6+ Activity Goal To use the global grid system of latitude and longitude to find specific locations on a world map. Materials Needed: A pencil, a ruler,

### Geography affects climate.

KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

### Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere Weather & Climate ~occur every 3-7 years ~can last weeks or years! ~cooler/wetter conditions in SE US ~dry weather in southern Africa, Southeast Asia,

### Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics

Earth Science Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: August 2013 Due Date: 17 Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is (1) less dense and more basaltic (3) more dense and

### SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS

SPATIAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS We will begin today with the first of two classes on aspects of cartography. Cartography is both an art and a science, but we will focus on the scientific aspects. Geographical

### Shadows, Angles, and the Seasons

Shadows, Angles, and the Seasons If it's cold in winter, why is Earth closer to the Sun? This activity shows the relationship between Earth-Sun positions and the seasons. From The WSU Fairmount Center

### 4 The Rhumb Line and the Great Circle in Navigation

4 The Rhumb Line and the Great Circle in Navigation 4.1 Details on Great Circles In fig. GN 4.1 two Great Circle/Rhumb Line cases are shown, one in each hemisphere. In each case the shorter distance between

### What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

### Atmosphere. Overview of Earth s Atmosphere

Atmosphere Overview of Earth s Atmosphere The atmosphere is comprised of of gases, consisting mostly of nitrogen and oxygen. It also contains lesser amounts of argon, carbon dioxide, and many other trace

### Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems

Map Projection, Datum and Plane Coordinate Systems Geodetic Control Network Horizontal Control Network Datum A datum is a set of parameters defining a coordinate system, and a set of control points whose

### Geography River Study Resource Higher

Geography River Study Resource Higher 4304 Autumn 1998 HIGHER STILL Geography River Study Resource Higher Support Materials θρστ υϖ CONTENTS Introduction Collecting river flow data Measuring the width

### Full credit for this chapter to Prof. Leonard Bachman of the University of Houston

Chapter 6: SOLAR GEOMETRY Full credit for this chapter to Prof. Leonard Bachman of the University of Houston SOLAR GEOMETRY AS A DETERMINING FACTOR OF HEAT GAIN, SHADING AND THE POTENTIAL OF DAYLIGHT PENETRATION...

### Map Projections & Coordinates. M. Helper 09-01-15 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 1

Map Projections & Coordinates 09-01-15 GEO327G/386G, UT Austin 1 Laying the earth flat Why? Need convenient means of measuring and comparing distances, directions, areas, shapes. Traditional surveying

### Chapter 3 Earth - Sun Relations

3.1 Introduction We saw in the last chapter that the short wave radiation from the sun passes through the atmosphere and heats the earth, which in turn radiates energy in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic

### Name Crustal Interactions E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department

Name Crustal Interactions E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department 1 Base your answer to the following question on the cross section below, which shows the paths of seismic waves traveling from

### Hatch a Plot to Track Some Satellites!

Hatch a Plot to Track Some Satellites! Overview There are literally hundreds of satellites that are currently orbiting Earth, including the International Space Station. Clearly, satellites are important

### Module 11: The Cruise Ship Sector. Destination #3

Module 11: The Cruise Ship Sector Destination #3 Cruise Destinations Welcome to your third destination. Use the following resource article to learn about the different oceans and time zones. Seen from

### Measuring the Earth Using a GPS M. Scott Wilkerson & M. Beth Wilkerson, DePauw University, May 10, 2007

Measuring the Earth Using a GPS M. Scott Wilkerson & M. Beth Wilkerson, DePauw University, May 10, 2007 Modified from: Kerski, J.J., 2007, Measuring the Earth s Circumference with GPS, Copyright ESRI,

### World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography

Name World Geography Unit 1 - Test Introduction to World of Geography Term Identification Directions: Pick a word from the box that best completes the sentences below. distortion longitude Equator geography

### LAB E - INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC TOOLS TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS

LAB E - INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC TOOLS TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS Introduction Topographic maps differ from the thematic and regional maps found in atlases in that they employ contour lines (isopleths), lines

### MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH

5 MAJOR DOMAINS OF THE EARTH Word Origin In the Greek language, Lithos means Stone; Atmos means Vapour; Hudor means Water; and Bios means Life. Can you make words using the above? As you have read in the

Project ATMOSPHERE This guide is one of a series produced by Project ATMOSPHERE, an initiative of the American Meteorological Society. Project ATMOSPHERE has created and trained a network of resource agents

### Curriculum Map Earth Science - High School

September Science is a format process to use Use instruments to measure Measurement labs - mass, volume, to observe, classify, and analyze the observable properties. density environment. Use lab equipment

### Heat Transfer. Energy from the Sun. Introduction

Introduction The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, but its exact path changes over the course of the year, which causes the seasons. In order to use the sun s energy in a building, we need to

### Temperature. PJ Brucat

PJ Brucat Temperature - the measure of average kinetic energy (KE) of a gas, liquid, or solid. KE is energy of motion. KE = ½ mv 2 where m=mass and v=velocity (speed) 1 All molecules have KE whether solid,

### Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Theory of the Tropics Earth & Solar Geometry, Celestial Mechanics The geometrical relationship between the earth and sun is responsible for the earth s climates. The two principal movements of

### Activity 1 Reading Universal Time Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml

Activity 1 Reading Universal Time Level 2 http://www.uni.edu/storm/activities/level2/index.shtml National Science Education Standards: As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop

### ACTIVITY 1 Hemispheres of the World

Name Date Class CTIVITY 1 s of the World Directions: Use your textbook to answer the questions below. 1. What line of latitude is used to divide the earth into Northern and Southern s? 2. What line of

### The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere

The Earth's Atmosphere The atmosphere surrounds Earth and protects us by blocking out dangerous rays from the sun. The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that becomes thinner until it gradually reaches space.

### GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 11: Projected Coordinate Systems

UTM Coordinate System GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Lecture 11: Projected Coordinate Systems Why do we need the UTM coordinate system? - in a rectangular (Cartesian) coordinate system, with linear x and

### Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott?

Where on Earth are the daily solar altitudes higher and lower than Endicott? In your notebooks, write RELATIONSHIPS between variables we tested CAUSE FIRST EFFECT SECOND EVIDENCE As you increase the time

### DETERMINING SOLAR ALTITUDE USING THE GNOMON. How does the altitude change during the day or from day to day?

Name Partner(s) Section Date DETERMINING SOLAR ALTITUDE USING THE GNOMON Does the Sun ever occur directly overhead in Maryland? If it does, how would you determine or know it was directly overhead? How

### Exploring Solar Energy Variations on Earth: Changes in the Length of Day and Solar Insolation Through the Year

Exploring Solar Energy Variations on Earth: Changes in the Length of Day and Solar Insolation Through the Year Purpose To help students understand how solar radiation varies (duration and intensity) during

### UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below.

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW 1. A weather instrument is shown below. Which weather variable is measured by this instrument? 1) wind speed 3) cloud cover 2) precipitation 4) air pressure 2. Which weather station

### Lines of Latitude and Longitude

ED 5661 Mathematics & Navigation Teacher Institute Keith Johnson Lesson Plan Lines of Latitude and Longitude Lesson Overview: This lesson plan will introduce students to latitude and longitude along with

### Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Vol. 9 No. 5 Spring 2003 Editor: Lauren Bell In this issue: g Climate Creations exploring mother nature s remote control for weather and Climate. g Crazy Climate

### Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems.

Welcome to Lesson 3. It is important for a GIS analyst to have a thorough understanding of map projections and coordinate systems. A GIS without coordinates would simply be a database like Microsoft Excel

### Which month has larger and smaller day time?

ACTIVITY-1 Which month has larger and smaller day time? Problem: Which month has larger and smaller day time? Aim: Finding out which month has larger and smaller duration of day in the Year 2006. Format

### An Earth Model. Pre-requisites. Introduction

An Earth Model Goal Age Difficulty Skills Materials Pre-requisites Build a realistic model of the earth and using sunlight as reference understand phenomena related to the position of the earth with respect

### MAST ACADEMY OUTREACH. WOW (Weather on Wheels)

MAST ACADEMY OUTREACH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROGRAM Adventures Aboard WOW (Weather on Wheels) Highlights Teacher Instructions / Answer Keys MAST Academy Maritime and Science Technology High School Miami-Dade County

### Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity

Earth Science Name Date Per. Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity 1. Explain the difference between Specific Humidity and Relative Humidity. Specific humidity refers to the actual amount of water vapor

### Lab Activity on Global Wind Patterns

Lab Activity on Global Wind Patterns 2002 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Objectives When you have completed this lab you should

### Seismic Waves Practice

1. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below, which shows models of two types of earthquake waves. Model A best represents the motion of earthquake waves called 1) P-waves (compressional