World War II. United States involvement from December 8, 1941 to European Theatre North African Theatre Pacific Theatre

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1 World War II United States involvement from December 8, 1941 to 1945 European heatre North African heatre Pacific heatre theatre is a term normally used to define a specific geographic area within which armed conflict occurs.. in short, the region where fighting takes place in a war Page1

2 Which three countries felt angry and insulted at the end of W War I and why were they angry or insulted? Name one reason why people were able to be convinced to change their government leaders? What promises did the people want? What type of leaders were these new world leaders? What did these new dictators Control? Between the wars, he reaty of Versailles was between Germany and Allied countries that established Germany s role and punishment for their part in World War II. Germany was angry for being forced to accept the total blame for the war and lost land, Italy was angered by not getting as much land as they thought they deserved from the Allies, Japan was insulted because the treaty would not accept their proposed equality of races belief. In short, the fighting stopped but the anger still existed. As we have learned in the last two lessons, he United States in the 1920 s was a period where most American s were optimistic (felt positive, good) about the country s future. Business was good in American factories and most people had money to spend on household conveniences and entertainment. Many American s invested in the stock market and became wealthy. he 1920 s were also a period of Prohibition (a time when alcohol was illegal) and speakeasies became popular. But by the end of the 1920 everything changed. Millions of people lost everything when the Great Depression started in October of Banks failed, people were homeless, and families were torn apart. he rest of the world also suffered from a worldwide depression and people in most countries did not see a good future for themselves and for their country. Because of this fear of the future, people were willing to listen and be convinced by radical (wanting change at any cost) groups or individuals calling for change. his fear also helped make it possible for governments to be over-thrown by groups or individuals who promised to create jobs for the people, to end the depression, build their military to become a world power again, and promised a bright future for their country. People demanded change and these people promised to give them change by taking control of the government. hese new world leaders were dictators that controlled not only the government but also the people. hey created their own rules and began taking land from smaller countries to get natural resources to help support their countries. Because the world had recently finished a destructive world war (World War I) and the world wide depression, most countries were not able to stop dictators from invading neighboring countries and taking control. Page2

3 Causes of World War II (2) Political Instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from WWI Examples of political instability and economic devastation o World Wide Depression o High War debt owed by Germany o High inflation o Massive Unemployment Rise of ascism o ascism is a political philosophy in which political power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms to the people are denied and nationalism, and often racism are emphasized o ascist dictators included Adolph Hitler Germany Benito Mussolini Italy Hideki ojo Japan he Allies Democratic Nations (the United States, Great Britain, and Canada) were known as the Allies). he Soviet Union joined the Allies after being invades by Germany Allies leaders included o ranklin Roosevelt United States o Winston Churchill - Great Britain o Joseph Stalin - Soviet Union Gradual change in American policy from neutrality to direct involvement Isolationism Economic aid to Allies Direct involvement in the war War in the Pacific Rising tensions developed between the United States and Japan because of Japanese aggression in East Asia On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor without warning he United States declared war on Japan Germany declared war on the United States he Holocaust Anti-Semitism Aryan Supremacy Systematic attempt to rid Europe of all Jews actics o Boycott of Jewish stores o Segregation o o Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in concentration camps and death camps Liberation (becoming free) by Allied forces of Jews and others who survived the concentration camps Page3

4 Major events and turning points of World War II Germany invaded Poland starting World War II he Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic nations Germany invaded rance and captured Paris Germany bombed London, and the Battle of Britain began he United States gave Great Britain war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean (Lend Lease) Japan bombed Pearl Harbor After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States he United States declared war on Japan and Germany he United States was victorious over Japan in the Battle of Midway he victory was the turning point in the Pacific Germany invaded the Soviet Union. he Soviet Union defeated Germany in Stalingrad. his was the turning point in Eastern Europe. American and other Allied troops landed in Normandy, rance, on D-Day to begin the liberation of Western Europe he United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan. One on Hiroshima and one on Nagasaki in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending World War II Other important information to know American involvement in World War II brought an end to the Great Depression because factories needed workers to produce goods to win the war and this created millions of jobs. housands of women took jobs in factories (Rosie the Riveter) Americans back home supported the war by conserving and rationing resources he need for workers in factories helped break down some racial barriers between whites and blacks Some Japanese served in the United States armed forces, others were treated with distrust. Many were sent to internment camps. DAE LANGUAGE OBJECIVE Page4

5 World War II Vocabulary Practice 1. Adolph Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Hideki ojo were who had total control of their country and ruled over people using fear and violence. 2. Great Britain and rance used the policy of to avoid conflict with Hitler when he started claiming more and more land for Germany. 3. Hitler and the Nazis used an attack technique called, or a lightening war when they invaded Poland in he United States government ordered Japanese Americans on the west coast to move into until the war with Japan was over. 5. Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini are two men who practiced the political philosophy called, which was a policy that called for extreme nationalism. 6. Japanese pilots crashed in U.S. battleships in the Pacific in order to cause as much damage and destruction as possible. 7. Before becoming involved in World War II, the United States started lending supplies to the Allies through a program call the 8. When the U.S. entered World War II, Americans at home were asked to supplies such as oil, coffee, sugar, etc. to make sure there was enough for U.S. soldiers. 9. While fighting the Japanese in the Pacific, the U.S. used a fighting technique and strategy called to move from one island to another in order to get closer and closer to Japan. 10. During World War II, Hitler and the Nazis attempted to rid Europe of the Jewish race. his time period was called the. 11. he Holocaust was an example of, which is when large groups of people are killed on purpose because of their race, political ideas, culture, or religion. 12. Hitler tried to eliminate the Jewish people for several reasons. One of these reasons was his belief in. Hitler wanted to create a Master Race of blonde hair, blue eyed German people who were supreme to everyone else. he other reason was because of his hatred towards Jews, which is called. Page5

6 World War II - Vocabulary Appeasement Blitzkrieg Dictator ascism Internment Camps Island Hopping Kamikazes Lend-Lease Ration(ed) Anti- Semitism Aryan Supremacy Genocide Holocaust Page6

7 What I thought before the unit World War II Anticipation Guide What I know after the unit he terms of the reaty of Versailles helped lead to World War II Worldwide depression helped lead to World War II Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini are examples of democratic leaders ascism is a political idea where total power to make laws is given to a dictator but people maintain their rights and freedom he United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and Canada are were all part of the Axis Powers he United States entered the war in 1939 when it started he United States started supply both alliances in World War II December 7, 1941, is a date that will live in infamy Germany, Italy, and Japan were all part of the same alliance during World War I Germany s invasion of Poland is what started World War II rance was controlled by the Soviet Union during most of World War II he Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point of the war in Europe he Battle of Midway was the turning point of the war in the Pacific he United States dropped two Atomic Bombs on Germany that ended World War II he United States involvement in World War II brought an end to the Great Depression Rosie the Riveter encouraged women to go fight in the war Japan Americans were sent to internment camps for most of World War II he Holocaust was Hitler s attempt to rid the world of the Jewish people Hitler used many different tactics to discriminate and murder Jews Page7

8 Causes of World War II Keywords and Main Ideas: I. Political Instability Notes: II. Economic Devastation III. Rise of ascism Summary of Important Ideas: Page8

9 Who fought World War II And in 1941, Why did Stalin join the Allies? Page9

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