J. Indian Assoc. Child Adolesc. Ment. Health 2015; 11(3): Case Report

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "J. Indian Assoc. Child Adolesc. Ment. Health 2015; 11(3): Case Report"

Transcription

1 246 J. Indian Assoc. Child Adolesc. Ment. Health 2015; 11(3): Case Report Social Story in Improving Problem Behavior in Moderate Autism A Case Study Sakshi Rai, S. Haque Nizamie, Alka Nizamie Corresponding author: Sakshi Rai, Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi , Jharkhand. Contact No Abstract Social cognition in autism spectrum disorder is important domain which is needed to work upon through various means. Social stories (SS) are a tool in hand to target such domain. The present study aims to assess the efficacy of social stories in improving problem behavior in autism spectrum disorder by examining its qualitative and quantitative changes along with its maintenance effect under 2-months follow-up by using ABA design, conducted over a nine year old boy with a diagnosis of atypical autism with moderate social and developmental delay. Behavior was improved on few domains with the use of social stories, although the sustainability of behavior after 2 months follow up could not be maintained on all sub domains Key words: Social story (SS), Autism spectrum disorder, Cognition, Problem behavior

2 247 Introduction Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)as mentioned by Cohen et al [1] encompasses varied as well as substantial social, communicative and behavioral problems. Lorimer et al [2]and Rust [3] have reported effectiveness of SS in reducing tantrum behavior, enhancing interpersonal conflict in learning disability, also in improving meal time skills in Asperger s but it is also often used in combination with several other behavioral techniques like verbal prompt or by adding other reinforcement values. It yields best result in higher functioning autism. Present study attempts to understand the effect of SS along with child s own picture depicting desirable response in case of moderate level of developmental and social functioning with mild to moderate autism. The child was a nine years old boy, who was born out of full term normal vaginal delivery without any pre-postnatal complication. Although his parents were able to understand that there were something wrong with their child in preschool age, and consulted a psychiatrist only at 6 years of age and he was diagnosed with atypical autism. Simultaneously he was referred to the special school Deepshikha Institute of Child Development and Mental Health, and recruited for study. Psychological assessment revealed that the child has mild to moderate autism, moderate level of impairment in socio-adaptive and developmental functioning. Problem behaviors were identified using checklist which were touches things without asking, stubbornness, and destroys things. Out of mentioned behavior the first behavior was targeted through social story considering its objective interference in school set up as well as rated as most severe by therapist, parents and special educator (co therapist). The targeted behavior was

3 248 topographically operationalized. Functional assessment of behavior is given in Table number-1. Social Story Intervention- Through SS attempt was made to make child understand the concept of asking or naming instead of snatching in class room setting. Snatching is described as taking object from the teacher as well as from the other student without asking or pointing to teacher. Pointing is physical indication towards the desired object while facing teacher. Story was written in a book format entitled Ankit in class room comprised of seven descriptive sentences, two perspective sentences and two directive sentences and one affirmative sentence with associated pictures of a child along with the sentences keeping self -reference of memory in view (See appendix -1 for details). Pictures were taken with consent of his parents in classroom natural setting where the desirable behavior is assumed to be manifested. One sentence was written over single A4 sized paper in Hindi language. It was assured that the story is read to the A.S in both school and home setting where the therapist and educator were present in school and parents in home. Story is told

4 249 to him three times a day in school where as in home setting he was told story at least once before going to bed by his mother. However, parents were free to read the story on demand made by the child. It was also ensured that the other behavioral interventions like prompting and time out for snatching are controlled in class room setting. Three sessions were taken by therapist and co-therapist every day, lasting for nine to ten minutes each in a single classroom setting; however, it varied in home setting. Intervention continued for ten consecutive days. In total 30 sessions were taken in class. Data was obtained under four intervals that is 1) Pre-intervention phase/ Baseline recording 2) Intervention phase for 10 days (30 sessions in class + 10 sessions in home) 3) Post intervention namely 1 month and 2 months F/up All the recordings were obtained by dividing frequency of behavior displayed against number of events, in terms of percentage. See table number 2 for the differences in score across 4 readings in frequency recording in terms of percentage.

5 250 Discretely a downfall is noted after 40 sessions in desirable behavior learned. However, it is worth noticing that intervention helped reducing the occurrence of undesirable behavior for at least 40 sessions. Regarding leaving seat, there is a post intervention significant decrease by 67 percent is seen, however the improvement did not continue by the end of first and second month follow up. With respect to the snatching behavior A S has shown remarkable improvement over the four readings, as it has gone down from baseline of around 67 percent to 42 percent post intervention and has not peaked up to baseline in follow ups. Under desirable behaviors, the pointing after 40 sessions increased up to 38 percent and subsequent rise 41 and 43 percent in first and second month follow up respectively. Whereas the naming also improved from 34 percent to 40 percent post intervention. Interestingly naming continued improving after one month follow up as well by 43 percent but has gradually declined by 39 percent by second month follow up. In the lines with the previous researches, present study found a little change in behavior to modify with respect to moderate delay in developmental as well as social functioning. Although it is true that story did help in bringing change particularly in nonverbal domain of pointing over a period of 2 months follow up. However, it also suggests that the efficacy of social story is mostly confined to the time frame of the intervention. It suggests that intervention is needed for a long duration to prolong the effect. As the behavior has shown little improvement during an intervention but has markedly reduced as it has not been consistently practiced. The findings suggest that the

6 251 social story in particular has not been found very efficacious that is, within an experimental condition (B) it has shown a significant effect over the behavior. Overall it entails that the behavioral manifestation of the problem cannot solely be targeted through SS, it needs the extended measures as well to ensure the progress in the behavior. It is stated that the SS work better with the higher functioning autism, which takes into account two basic criteria namely verbal skills and intelligence. As the assessment of the child suggests that the child falls under the moderate level of retardation in social as well as developmental functioning, along with moderate disability, it can be stated that these measures could be the reason for the failure of maintenance of treatment. For the maintenance of the treatment it is indeed needed to be attached with other interventions and may for a longer duration to register the cues of socially appropriateness in the child s behavior repertoire. The major limitation of social story is its narrow focus. The stories are difficult to be generalized in different settings. As mentioned by Rust [3] regarding several general factors that need be addressed when evaluating the use of SS. Efficacy versus effectiveness is one of the major issues. SS are an intervention used to help children understand and behave appropriately in specific social situations. Therefore, it is important that their usefulness is measured in the environment in which behavioral changes are intended. Lengths of the sessions, number of sessions, reading ability of the child, co-morbid conditions are all important intervening variables. Stories whether read out by the student or by the caregiver seem to have important bearing. The influence of these factors on the success of SS requires more systematic investigation. Most of the studies reviewed operationally defined behaviors

7 252 for example; Norris & Dattilo [4] define what constitutes appropriate, inappropriate and absence of social interaction. Whilst a decrease in an inappropriate behavior may seem to be indicative of success but it does not necessarily imply that an appropriate alternative behavior has developed. However, in present study it can be seen that there is an increment in desirable behavior that is naming and pointing. In present study also the settings are attempted to increase than one by including the instructions in stories read back at home but the recording of behavior was not set to school as it was not covered in the story as well. While Kuttler et al [5] considered possible factors resulting in problems for the child (e.g. lack of structure and change), SS used was found incorporating rewards than explanation to direct the child. Similarly, various researches have used the SS along with behavioral intervention as response cost, prompting etc. which further complicates the role of SS alone. Conflict of Interest None declared. References 1. Baron-Cohen S, JolliffeT, Mortimore C, Robertson M. Another Advanced Test of Theory of Mind: Evidence from Very High functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. J Child Psychol Psychiatry ;

8 Lorimer PA, Simpson RL, Myles BS, Ganz JB. The use of social stories as a preventative behavioral intervention in a home setting with a child with autism. J Posit Behav Interv ; RustJ.How should the effectiveness of Social Stories to modify the behavior of children on the autistic spectrum be tested? Lessons from the literature. Autism2006;10(2): NorrisC, Dattilo J. Evaluating the Effects of a Social Story Intervention on a Young Girl with Autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. Focus Autism Other Dev Disabl 1999; 14 (3): KuttlerS, Myles BS, CarlsonJK. The Use of Social Stories to Reduce Precursors to Tantrum Behavior in a Student with Autism. Focus Autism Other Dev Disabl (3): Sakshi Rai, Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Dr S. Haque Nizamie, Professor of Psychiatry, In-charge of Center of Cognitive Neurosciences, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand, Dr. Alka Nizamie, Director Academics, Deepshikha Institute of Child Development and Mental Health, Ranchi, Jharkhand

9 254

10 255

USING SOCIAL STORIES TO TEACH SOCIAL SKILLS: A Professional s Guide

USING SOCIAL STORIES TO TEACH SOCIAL SKILLS: A Professional s Guide USING SOCIAL STORIES TO TEACH SOCIAL SKILLS: A Professional s Guide By Marguerite O Hara University of Pittsburgh Table of Contents: What are Social Stories?... 2 Glossary... 3 Notes... 3 Case Study...

More information

Overview of DSM-5: Autism Spectrum Disorder

Overview of DSM-5: Autism Spectrum Disorder Overview of DSM-5: Autism Spectrum Disorder Courtney Burnette, PhD Clinical Psychologist UNM Center for Development and Disability Department of Pediatrics September 20, 2013 Objectives Recognize the changes

More information

Fact Sheet 10 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Fact Sheet 10 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet 10 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder A diagnosis of autism is made on the basis of observed behaviour. There are no blood tests, no single defining symptom and no physical characteristics that

More information

Abstract. Authors. Jessica Case, 1 M. Mary Konstantareas 1,2. Correspondence. Keywords

Abstract. Authors. Jessica Case, 1 M. Mary Konstantareas 1,2. Correspondence. Keywords brief report: Interventions for Inappropriate Handling of Feces in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Volume 17, Number, 011 Authors Jessica Case, 1 M. Mary Konstantareas 1, 1 Kerry s Place Autism Services,

More information

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may improve the home behavior of children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may improve the home behavior of children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD 4 Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may improve the home behavior of children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). CITATION: Fehlings, D. L., Roberts, W., Humphries, T., Dawe, G.

More information

ADEPT Glossary of Key Terms

ADEPT Glossary of Key Terms ADEPT Glossary of Key Terms A-B-C (Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence) The three-part equation for success in teaching. Antecedents (A) Anything that occurs before a behavior or a skill. When teaching a skill,

More information

1. To identify 10 communities in Northern Colorado in high need of social skills group therapy.

1. To identify 10 communities in Northern Colorado in high need of social skills group therapy. Colorado State University Psychological Services Center Autism Outreach: Expanding Social Skills Group Therapy Training to Key Service Providers in Northern Colorado I. Purpose Autism Spectrum Disorders

More information

ASD Module Script. Module 1: Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics

ASD Module Script. Module 1: Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics ASD Module Script Module 1: Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics ASD Characteristics: Welcome to the module on ASD characteristics. The goal of this module is to give you, the listener, a full understanding

More information

General Therapies for Individuals with Autism

General Therapies for Individuals with Autism General Therapies for Individuals with Autism Speech and Language Pathology Speech- language therapy entails the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and helping to prevent speech, language, cognitive, communication,

More information

Policy/Program Memorandum No. 140

Policy/Program Memorandum No. 140 Ministry of Education Policy/Program Date of Issue: May 17, 2007 Effective: Until revoked or modified Subject: Application: INCORPORATING METHODS OF APPLIED BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS (ABA) INTO PROGRAMS FOR STUDENTS

More information

MEDICAL POLICY SUBJECT: APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS FOR THE TREATMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

MEDICAL POLICY SUBJECT: APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS FOR THE TREATMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS MEDICAL POLICY SUBJECT: APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS FOR PAGE: 1 OF: 7 If a product excludes coverage for a service, it is not covered, and medical policy criteria do not apply. If a commercial product covers

More information

MENTAL HEALTH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

MENTAL HEALTH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS MENTAL HEALTH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS WHAT ARE AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS? Autism spectrum disorders include autism, pervasive developmental disorder, and Asperger s syndrome. Autism spectrum disorders

More information

Register of Students with Severe Disabilities

Register of Students with Severe Disabilities Department of Education Learners first, connected and inspired Register of Students with Severe Disabilities Department of Education Register of Students with Severe Disabilities 1. Eligibility Criteria

More information

Special Education Program Descriptions School-Based Program Delivery Model

Special Education Program Descriptions School-Based Program Delivery Model Special Education Program Descriptions School-Based Program Delivery Model Resource Room Services Resource Room Services, available in all MCPS schools, provide students with disabilities with the support

More information

National Academy of Sciences Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism

National Academy of Sciences Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism National Academy of Sciences Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism Conclusion and (The following is an adapted excerpt from Chapter 16, and, ( pp. 211-229), National Research

More information

reduction in aggression increase in appropriate greetings and sharing aggression screaming, grabbing toys, using inappropriate table manners, crying

reduction in aggression increase in appropriate greetings and sharing aggression screaming, grabbing toys, using inappropriate table manners, crying Social stories Definition A social story is a short story that describes a situation in terms of relevant social cues and accurate and specific information regarding what occurs in a given situation and

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis Provider Treatment Report Guidelines: Initial Authorization Request

Applied Behavior Analysis Provider Treatment Report Guidelines: Initial Authorization Request Applied Behavior Analysis Provider Treatment Report Guidelines: Initial Authorization Request The following is a guide to what is expected in the individual assessment treatment plan for members with Autistic

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Applied Behavior Analysis for Autism Spectrum Disorders Applied Behavior Analysis for Autism Spectrum Disorders I. Policy University Health Alliance (UHA) will reimburse for Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), as required in relevant State of Hawaii mandates,

More information

Autistic Disorder Asperger s Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

Autistic Disorder Asperger s Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) Medical Policy Manual Topic: Applied Behavior Analysis for the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder Date of Origin: January 2012 Section: Behavioral Health Last Reviewed Date: January 2015 Policy No:

More information

Applied Behavioral Analysis Treatment Report Initial Authorization Request

Applied Behavioral Analysis Treatment Report Initial Authorization Request New ABA CPT Codes Requested Start Date for this Authorization / / Initial Request Patient Name: Date of Birth: Age: M F Address (City/State only): Tel #: Patient s Insurance ID#: Patient's Employer/Benefit

More information

CITY OF LONDON SCHOOL FOR GIRLS SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS POLICY

CITY OF LONDON SCHOOL FOR GIRLS SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS POLICY CITY OF LONDON SCHOOL FOR GIRLS SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS POLICY INDEX 1. Overview 2. Definition of Special Educational Needs 3. Assessment and Identification of Students during the Admissions Process

More information

DSM-5. Presented by CCESC School Psychologist Interns: Kayla Dodson, M.Ed. Ellen Doll, M.S. Rich Marsicano, Ph.D. Elaine Wahl, Ph.D.

DSM-5. Presented by CCESC School Psychologist Interns: Kayla Dodson, M.Ed. Ellen Doll, M.S. Rich Marsicano, Ph.D. Elaine Wahl, Ph.D. DSM-5 Presented by CCESC School Psychologist Interns: Kayla Dodson, M.Ed. Ellen Doll, M.S. Rich Marsicano, Ph.D. Elaine Wahl, Ph.D. Introduction Lifespan approach to diagnosis Diagnoses occurring in children

More information

Current research in the area of Autism and Savant Syndrome

Current research in the area of Autism and Savant Syndrome International Education Journal Vol 2, No 4, 2001 Educational Research Conference 2001 Special Issue http://www.flinders.edu.au/education/iej 329 Current research in the area of Autism and Savant Syndrome

More information

AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS

AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS Diagnosis and Identification of AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS A Guide for Parents and Carers Autism Outreach Service Room 600, Rutland Building County Hall Glenfield Leics LE3 8RA Diagnosis and Identification

More information

SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES. Category Checklists March 2009

SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES. Category Checklists March 2009 SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES Category Checklists March 2009 Mild Intellectual Disabilities Student base funding allocation (Revised September, 2004) 1701 Code K assessment documentation shows the student

More information

Professional Development: Applied Behavior Analysis Video Series

Professional Development: Applied Behavior Analysis Video Series Autism Overview: Course 1 Autistic Spectrum Disorders, including Asperger s Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, are neurological disorders that can have a significant impact on all areas of

More information

Picture Schedules Create Smoother Transitions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Picture Schedules Create Smoother Transitions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Picture Schedules Create Smoother Transitions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 Prepared by: Mykal Fenley, OTS-3, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center Carrie A. Ciro, PhD, ORT/L E-mail:

More information

Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives

Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER SERIES Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives Introduction Suggestions for Students with Autism When writing goals for children with Autism it is crucial to be as specific as possible.

More information

MSc Applied Child Psychology

MSc Applied Child Psychology MSc Applied Child Psychology Module list Modules may include: The Child in Context: Understanding Disability This module aims to challenge understandings of child development that have emerged within the

More information

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS JAGWINDER SANDHU, MD CHILD, ADOLESCENT AND ADULT PSYCHIATRIST 194 N HARRISON STREET PRINCETON, NJ 08540 PH: 609 751 6607 Staff Psychiatrist Carrier clinic Belle Mead NJ What is

More information

MENTAL HEALTH ATTENTION DEFICIT/ HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

MENTAL HEALTH ATTENTION DEFICIT/ HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER MENTAL HEALTH ATTENTION DEFICIT/ HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER WHAT IS ADHD? Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral problem in children. It is estimated that between 3 percent

More information

Is There a Difference Between Asperger's Syndrome and High Functioning Autism? Dr Tony Attwood

Is There a Difference Between Asperger's Syndrome and High Functioning Autism? Dr Tony Attwood Is There a Difference Between Asperger's Syndrome and High Functioning Autism? Dr Tony Attwood We have been exploring the nature of autism, as described by Leo Kanner, for nearly 60 years. He described

More information

Playfulness in Children with Autism. I-Ching Lee Ph.D, Department of Occupational Therapy National Cheng Kung University

Playfulness in Children with Autism. I-Ching Lee Ph.D, Department of Occupational Therapy National Cheng Kung University Playfulness in Children with Autism I-Ching Lee Ph.D, Department of Occupational Therapy National Cheng Kung University Introduction Occupational scientists perceive the human as an occupational being.

More information

Education Adjustment Program (EAP) Handbook

Education Adjustment Program (EAP) Handbook Education Adjustment Program (EAP) Handbook Current as at September 2015 The State of Queensland (2015) This document is licensed under CC-BY 4.0, with the exception of the government coat of arms, logos

More information

Efficacy of Communication DEALL An Indigenous Early Intervention Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Efficacy of Communication DEALL An Indigenous Early Intervention Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Indian J Pediatr (2010) 77:957 962 DOI 10.1007/s12098-010-0144-8 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Efficacy of Communication DEALL An Indigenous Early Intervention Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Prathibha

More information

Instructional Practices. Curriculum Differentiation Discrete Trial Overview Age Appropriate Materials

Instructional Practices. Curriculum Differentiation Discrete Trial Overview Age Appropriate Materials Instructional Practices Curriculum Differentiation Discrete Trial Overview Age Appropriate Materials Curriculum 61 Curriculum Portland Public Schools has adopted curriculum for Communication Behavior Classrooms.

More information

OFFICE OF MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES BULLETIN

OFFICE OF MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES BULLETIN OFFICE OF MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES BULLETIN ISSUE DATE: EFFECTIVE DATE: NUMBER: January 9, 2009 January 1, 2009 OMHSAS-09-01 SUBJECT: Guidance for Conducting Functional Behavioral Assessments

More information

...from a mild and temporary learning difficulty to severe, complex and permanent difficulties that will always affect the child's learning.

...from a mild and temporary learning difficulty to severe, complex and permanent difficulties that will always affect the child's learning. Massage and Children with Special/ Additional Needs Special educational needs can range......from a mild and temporary learning difficulty to severe, complex and permanent difficulties that will always

More information

UC Davis MIND Institute ESDM Training Program

UC Davis MIND Institute ESDM Training Program CERTIFICATION PROGRAM The following pages provide both an overview and detailed descriptions of the various levels of training available in the ESDM model. Each section is intended to be utilized as a

More information

Examining the Structure of your ABA Program William Frea, Ph.D. & Ronit Molko, Ph.D.

Examining the Structure of your ABA Program William Frea, Ph.D. & Ronit Molko, Ph.D. Compliments of Autism Asperger s Digest January-February 2004 issue Examining the Structure of your ABA Program William Frea, Ph.D. & Ronit Molko, Ph.D. One of the most difficult, if not painful processes

More information

Epilepsy in Children. Learning and School Performance

Epilepsy in Children. Learning and School Performance Epilepsy in Children Learning and School Performance About the Epilepsy Foundation The Epilepsy Foundation is the national voluntary agency solely dedicated to the welfare of the more than three million

More information

Section 1: Introduction (only) Downloaded from

Section 1: Introduction (only) Downloaded from Language Problems Practice Resource Section 1: Introduction (only) Downloaded from www.rch.org.au/ccch Practice Resource: Language Problems Table of Contents Overview... 2 Glossary... 6 Session 1: Introduction

More information

Understanding Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Page 1 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Understanding Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Page 1 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders Understanding Pervasive Developmental Disorders Page 1 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders Page 2 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders This information is intended to help you

More information

Cambridgeshire Community Services NHS Trust: delivering excellence in children and young people s health services

Cambridgeshire Community Services NHS Trust: delivering excellence in children and young people s health services Deficits in Attention and Motor Perception (DAMP) Community Paediatrics Cambridgeshire Community Services NHS Trust: delivering excellence in children and young people s health services Deficits in Attention

More information

Eligibility / Staffing Determination EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE. Date of Meeting:

Eligibility / Staffing Determination EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE. Date of Meeting: Eligibility / Staffing Determination EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE Date of Meeting: Student Name: DOB: Soc. Sec.#: The basis for making the determination of whether the student has a disability which meets the

More information

Fact Sheet: Asperger s Disorder

Fact Sheet: Asperger s Disorder Asperger Syndrome or (Asperger's Disorder) is a neurobiological disorder named for a Viennese physician, Hans Asperger, who in 1944 published a paper which described a pattern of behaviors in several young

More information

Using ABA for the Treatment of Autism: The CARD Program

Using ABA for the Treatment of Autism: The CARD Program Using ABA for the Treatment of Autism: The CARD Program Autism Symposium Aruba 2010 Adel C. Najdowski, PhD, BCBA Center for Autism & Related Disorders, Inc. Presentation Outline Brief Introduction to CARD

More information

Running head: ASPERGER S AND SCHIZOID 1. A New Measure to Differentiate the Autism Spectrum from Schizoid Personality Disorder

Running head: ASPERGER S AND SCHIZOID 1. A New Measure to Differentiate the Autism Spectrum from Schizoid Personality Disorder Running head: ASPERGER S AND SCHIZOID 1 A New Measure to Differentiate the Autism Spectrum from Schizoid Personality Disorder Peter D. Marle, Camille S. Rhoades, and Frederick L. Coolidge University of

More information

FOCUSSED CLINICAL QUESTION:

FOCUSSED CLINICAL QUESTION: There is preliminary evidence (level 4) that social stories are effective in decreasing challenging behaviours and may improve social interaction skills in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Prepared

More information

The Case of Children with Autism

The Case of Children with Autism University of Tennessee, Knoxville Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects University of Tennessee Honors Program 12-2008 The Case of Children with

More information

CONSULTATIVE BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION (CBI) SERVICES SPC 512.10. Applies to CLTS (SED, DD only)

CONSULTATIVE BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION (CBI) SERVICES SPC 512.10. Applies to CLTS (SED, DD only) CONSULTATIVE BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION (CBI) SERVICES DEFINITION SPC 512.10 Applies to CLTS (SED, DD only) Consultative Behavioral Intervention (CBI) Services use behavioral treatment methods to change socially

More information

College of Education and Human Services Exceptional Student & Deaf Education Course Descriptions

College of Education and Human Services Exceptional Student & Deaf Education Course Descriptions CATALOG 2010-2011 Graduate Information College of Education and Human Services Exceptional Student & Deaf Education Course Descriptions ASL6215: Advanced American Sign Language Conversational Skills Prerequisites:

More information

APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS MEDICAL NECESSITY GUIDE

APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS MEDICAL NECESSITY GUIDE APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS MEDICAL NECESSITY GUIDE te: If there is a discrepancy between this guideline and a member's plan of benefits, the benefits plan will govern. In addition, coverage (and coverage

More information

ABA & Teaching Methods

ABA & Teaching Methods ABA & Teaching Methods C H A P T E R 7 E A S T E R S E A L S S O U T H E A S T W I S C O N S I N S T A R T E A R L Y, S T A R T S T R O N G P R O G R A M ABA ABA = Applied Behavior Analysis Science devoted

More information

ONLINE TRAINING in AUTISM

ONLINE TRAINING in AUTISM TEXAS STATEWIDE LEADERSHIP FOR AUTISM TRAINING ONLINE TRAINING in AUTISM FREE ONLINE TRAINING AVAILABLE 24/7 Education, both of children, and of parents and teachers, is currently the primary form of treatment

More information

Eligibility for DD Services and the SIB-R

Eligibility for DD Services and the SIB-R Eligibility for DD Services and the SIB-R For adults and children with intellectual and related developmental disabilities Stacy Waldron, PhD (With assistance from Monique Marrow, PhD and Meredith Griffith,

More information

The new Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnostic Criteria as defined by the DSM-V

The new Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnostic Criteria as defined by the DSM-V The new Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnostic Criteria as defined by the DSM-V Written by Dr Rucha Joshi, Aspect Victoria, Positive Behaviour Support Specialist. There have been lots of discussions

More information

SAMPLE. Autism Spectrum Rating Scales (6-18 Years) Teacher Ratings. Interpretive Report. By Sam Goldstein, Ph.D. & Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D.

SAMPLE. Autism Spectrum Rating Scales (6-18 Years) Teacher Ratings. Interpretive Report. By Sam Goldstein, Ph.D. & Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D. Autism Spectrum Rating Scales (6-18 Years) Teacher Ratings By Sam Goldstein, Ph.D. & Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D. Interpretive Report This Interpretive Report is intended for use by qualified assessors only.

More information

An Activity Based Approach to Developing Young Children s Social Emotional Competence

An Activity Based Approach to Developing Young Children s Social Emotional Competence Activity Based Approach, 111 Book review by Onur Özdemir 1 An Activity Based Approach to Developing Young Children s Social Emotional Competence Jane Squires & Diane Bricker Paul H. Brookes Publishing

More information

CHCEDS434A Provide support to students with autism spectrum disorder

CHCEDS434A Provide support to students with autism spectrum disorder CHCEDS434A Provide support to students with autism spectrum disorder Release: 1 CHCEDS434A Provide support to students with autism spectrum disorder Modification History Not Applicable Unit Descriptor

More information

TEXAS STATEWIDE LEADERSHIP FOR AUTISM TRAINING ONLINE TRAINING

TEXAS STATEWIDE LEADERSHIP FOR AUTISM TRAINING ONLINE TRAINING TEXAS STATEWIDE LEADERSHIP FOR AUTISM TRAINING ONLINE TRAINING Education, both of children, and of parents and teachers, is currently the primary form of treatment for autistic spectrum disorders. Educating

More information

Social Communication Disorder

Social Communication Disorder Social Communication Disorder What is it and the challenges ahead Lauren Franke, Psy.D. CCC-SP laurenkfranke@gmail.com 1 Agenda Overview of Social Communication Disorder A look at pragmatics Definition

More information

ISER G. DELEON AND JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS 2013, 46, 507 511 NUMBER 2(SUMMER 2013) KENNEDY KRIEGER INSTITUTE

ISER G. DELEON AND JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS 2013, 46, 507 511 NUMBER 2(SUMMER 2013) KENNEDY KRIEGER INSTITUTE JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS, 6, 57 5 NUMBER (SUMMER ) ASSESSMENT OF PROBLEM BEHAVIOR EVOKED BY DISRUPTION OF RITUALISTIC TOY ARRANGEMENTS IN A CHILD WITH AUTISM YANERYS LEON, WILLIAM N. LAZARCHICK,

More information

1 The following is adapted from Division of Mental Retardation Services, State of Tennessee, Provider Manual,

1 The following is adapted from Division of Mental Retardation Services, State of Tennessee, Provider Manual, Procedure: Applied Behavioral Analysis Origin Date: 01/10/06 / Revised 07/08/09 Approved by Wendy Long, M.D. Page 1 of 5 Applied Behavioral Analysis Medical Necessity Guidelines I. Description of Service

More information

Teaching & Behavioral Challenges

Teaching & Behavioral Challenges Cook Children s 1 Part 1: Teaching & Behavioral Challenges Succeeding at the basic skills for daily living Michael Smith, M.A., Neuropsychology Department Cook Children s 2 This presentation This is a

More information

Lepage Associates Solution-Based Psychological & Psychiatric Services With office in S. Durham/RTP, Main Telephone: (919) 572-0000

Lepage Associates Solution-Based Psychological & Psychiatric Services With office in S. Durham/RTP, Main Telephone: (919) 572-0000 Page 1 of 5 Lepage Associates Solution-Based Psychological & Psychiatric Services With office in S. Durham/RTP, Main Telephone: (919) 572-0000 Raleigh and Chapel Hill www.lepageassociates.com LEPAGE ASSOCIATES

More information

Al Ahliyya Amman University Faculty of Arts Department of Psychology Course Description Special Education

Al Ahliyya Amman University Faculty of Arts Department of Psychology Course Description Special Education Al Ahliyya Amman University Faculty of Arts Department of Psychology Course Description Special Education 0731111 Psychology and life {3} [3-3] Defining humans behavior; Essential life skills: problem

More information

MCPS Special Education Parent Summit

MCPS Special Education Parent Summit MCPS Special Education Parent Summit May 17, 2014 Rockville High School 2100 Baltimore Road Rockville, MD 20851 When ADHD Is Not ADHD: ADHD Look-Alikes and Co-occurring Disorders David W. Holdefer MCPS

More information

The Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, fourth edition (CELF-4;

The Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, fourth edition (CELF-4; The Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, Fourth Edition (CELF-4) A Review Teresa Paslawski University of Saskatchewan Canadian Journal of School Psychology Volume 20 Number 1/2 December 2005 129-134

More information

TENNCARE MEDICAL NECESSITY GUIDELINES Procedure: Applied Behavioral Analysis Page 2 of 5

TENNCARE MEDICAL NECESSITY GUIDELINES Procedure: Applied Behavioral Analysis Page 2 of 5 Procedure: Applied Behavioral Analysis Origin Date: 1/10/2006, Revised 01/27/ 2015 Approved by: Vaughn Frigon, M.D. Page 1 of 5 Applied Behavioral Analysis Medical Necessity Guidelines I. Description of

More information

How to Support Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Education Bureau 2015

How to Support Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Education Bureau 2015 How to Support Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Education Bureau 2015 Introduction Parents always wish to provide their children with the best living and learning environment in order to nurture

More information

Care Management Organization (CMO)- HighnifiedUnified Care Management: High

Care Management Organization (CMO)- HighnifiedUnified Care Management: High Clinical Care Management Organization/- High Care Management Organization (CMO)- HighnifiedUnified Care Management: High Program Description Care Management Organizations (CMO) are independent, community-based

More information

Medical Policy Original Effective Date: 07-22-09 Revised Date: 01-27-16 Page 1 of 5

Medical Policy Original Effective Date: 07-22-09 Revised Date: 01-27-16 Page 1 of 5 Disclaimer Medical Policy Page 1 of 5 Refer to the member s specific benefit plan and Schedule of Benefits to determine coverage. This may not be a benefit on all plans or the plan may have broader or

More information

Communication & Interaction Team (Autism/SLCN)

Communication & Interaction Team (Autism/SLCN) Communication & Interaction Team (Autism/SLCN) Service Design 2012/2013 Contents Introduction to the Communication & Interaction (C&I) Team 3 What Does the C&I Team Do? 4 What Do We Mean By Communication

More information

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER TREATMENTS

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER TREATMENTS AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER TREATMENTS Coverage for services, procedures, medical devices and drugs are dependent upon benefit eligibility as outlined in the member's specific benefit plan. This Medical Coverage

More information

Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (CASL) The Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (Carrow-Woolfolk, 1999a) is a

Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (CASL) The Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (Carrow-Woolfolk, 1999a) is a Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (CASL) The Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (Carrow-Woolfolk, 1999a) is a norm-referenced, individually administered test designed to measure expressive,

More information

TRICARE OVERSEAS PROGRAM (TOP) Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Assessment Form

TRICARE OVERSEAS PROGRAM (TOP) Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Assessment Form The is a brief record of the major aspects of the ABA Treatment Plan required. This is not a complete patient history or comprehensive record of other intended therapies. Section 1: Patient Information

More information

A Parent Management Training Program for Parents of Very Young Children with a Developmental Disability

A Parent Management Training Program for Parents of Very Young Children with a Developmental Disability A Parent Management Training Program for Parents of Very Young Children with a Developmental Disability Marcia Huipe April 25 th, 2008 Description of Project The purpose of this project was to determine

More information

Autism Awareness Training for Law Enforcement Officers

Autism Awareness Training for Law Enforcement Officers BILL: SB 1352 The Florida Senate BILL ANALYSIS AND FISCAL IMPACT STATEMENT (This document is based on the provisions contained in the legislation as of the latest date listed below.) Prepared By: The Professional

More information

Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder Policy Number: Original Effective Date: MM.12.022 01/01/2016 Line(s) of Business: Current Effective Date: HMO; PPO; QUEST Integration

More information

TREATMENTS FOR AUTISM

TREATMENTS FOR AUTISM 1 TREATMENTS FOR AUTISM Guideline for Evidence Levels: Established. Sufficient evidence is available to confidently determine that a treatment produces beneficial treatment effects for individuals on the

More information

Regence. Section: Mental Health Last Reviewed Date: January 2013. Policy No: 18 Effective Date: March 1, 2013

Regence. Section: Mental Health Last Reviewed Date: January 2013. Policy No: 18 Effective Date: March 1, 2013 Regence Medical Policy Manual Topic: Applied Behavior Analysis for the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders Date of Origin: January 2012 Section: Mental Health Last Reviewed Date: January 2013 Policy

More information

Running head: DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES AND CHILDREN S LITERATURE 1

Running head: DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES AND CHILDREN S LITERATURE 1 Running head: DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES AND CHILDREN S LITERATURE 1 Using Developmental Theories When Choosing Children s Books Joseph Smith Excelsior College DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES AND CHILDREN S LITERATURE

More information

The Status Quo and Prospect of Chinese Autistic Education Ms. Leilei Zhan Senior Editor, Jiangsu Education Journal House

The Status Quo and Prospect of Chinese Autistic Education Ms. Leilei Zhan Senior Editor, Jiangsu Education Journal House CHINA The Status Quo and Prospect of Chinese Autistic Education Ms. Leilei Zhan Senior Editor, Jiangsu Education Journal House I. The prevalence rate of autism in mainland China So far, China has not conducted

More information

Aetna Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Support Program

Aetna Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Support Program Quality health plans & benefits Healthier living Financial well-being Intelligent solutions Aetna Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Support Program Aetna Resources For LivingSM 44.02.919.1-ADO (9/12) 2 Autism

More information

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN POST- SECONDARY EDUCATION

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN POST- SECONDARY EDUCATION AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN POST- SECONDARY EDUCATION ASERT Inaugural Conference Postsecondary Programs for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders Keynote Presentation: Carolyn Komich Hare May 22-23,

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children s Mental Health. Autism Special Interest Group Webinar Series

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children s Mental Health. Autism Special Interest Group Webinar Series Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children s Mental Health Autism Special Interest Group Webinar Series April 27, 2015 Welcome to the Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children s Mental Health webinar organized

More information

ValueOptions Autism Care Management Product. Bryan Davey, PhD, BCBA-D Christopher Dennis, MD, MBA, ValueOptions Chief Medical Officer

ValueOptions Autism Care Management Product. Bryan Davey, PhD, BCBA-D Christopher Dennis, MD, MBA, ValueOptions Chief Medical Officer ValueOptions Autism Care Management Product Bryan Davey, PhD, BCBA-D Christopher Dennis, MD, MBA, ValueOptions Chief Medical Officer Autism Spectrum Disorders Background 2 Autism Spectrum Disorders within

More information

Autism Basics. What does autism look like?

Autism Basics. What does autism look like? Autism Basics What does autism look like? Autism is a term commonly used for a group of neuro-developmental disorders also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) or Autism Spectrum Disorders

More information

Getting Started: Introducing Your Child. to His or Her Diagnosis. of Autism or Asperger. Syndrome. Marci Wheeler (M.S.W.)

Getting Started: Introducing Your Child. to His or Her Diagnosis. of Autism or Asperger. Syndrome. Marci Wheeler (M.S.W.) Getting Started: Introducing Your Child to His or Her Diagnosis of Autism or Asperger Syndrome By Marci Wheeler (M.S.W.) 1 Who, what, when, where, how, and why are all important questions parents ask themselves

More information

Diagnosis and Management of a 7-year Old Child with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Bahrain: A Case Study

Diagnosis and Management of a 7-year Old Child with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Bahrain: A Case Study Diagnosis and Management of a 7-year Old Child with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Bahrain: A Almulla N Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Medical University of Bahrain. Abstract Autism Spectrum

More information

Goals of this presentation Outline DSM-5 changes to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) classification Opportunity to discuss implications for clinicians

Goals of this presentation Outline DSM-5 changes to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) classification Opportunity to discuss implications for clinicians Autism Spectrum Disorder in DSM-5: Overview of Updates to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and to the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2) Katherine Gotham, Ph.D. Webinar hosted by the

More information

Going to School and Being Effective

Going to School and Being Effective Going to School and Being Effective Doreen Granpeesheh, Ph.D., B.C.B.A. Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Inc. Today s Presentation What is Applied Behavior Analysis? How does it apply to Autism?

More information

Developmental Disabilities

Developmental Disabilities RIGHTS UNDER THE LAN TERMAN ACT Developmental Disabilities Chapter 2 This chapter explains: - What developmental disabilities are, - Who is eligible for regional center services, and - How to show the

More information

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE/QUESTION

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE/QUESTION ADHD 9 Study results from confirm effectiveness of combined treatments and medication management in reducing children s Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms CITATION: MTA Cooperative

More information

Common Learning Disabilities in the Classroom. 1/20/2011 Lea Howell School Psychologist LCUSD and Foothill SELPA

Common Learning Disabilities in the Classroom. 1/20/2011 Lea Howell School Psychologist LCUSD and Foothill SELPA Common Learning Disabilities in the Classroom 1/20/2011 Lea Howell School Psychologist LCUSD and Foothill SELPA Why might a child be having educational difficulties? Needs Special Education Services -Has

More information

ADHD DSM Criteria and Evidence-based Treatments

ADHD DSM Criteria and Evidence-based Treatments ADHD DSM Criteria and Evidence-based Treatments DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD A. A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes With functioning or development, as characterized

More information

Infancy and Childhood Chapter 3

Infancy and Childhood Chapter 3 Infancy and Childhood Chapter 3 SECTION 1 NOTES Physical, Perceptual, and Language Development Nature versus Nurture Developmental psychology the study of changes that occur as an individual matures. Developmental

More information

Pivotal Response Training: Parent Professional Collaboration

Pivotal Response Training: Parent Professional Collaboration Minutes: North Tidewater Community of Practice in Autism (NT CoPA) Topic: Pivotal Response Training Date: October 13, 2009 Location: Healthy Families Partnership Building, Hampton Participants: 6 Pivotal

More information

Title: Conducting FBAs and Designing Behavior Interventions for Individuals with ASD: Keeping the Characteristics in Mind

Title: Conducting FBAs and Designing Behavior Interventions for Individuals with ASD: Keeping the Characteristics in Mind Title: Conducting FBAs and Designing Behavior Interventions for Individuals with ASD: Keeping the Characteristics in Mind Presenters: Ruth Aspy, Ph.D., and Barry G. Grossman, Ph.D. Recognizing when problem

More information