Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations.

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1 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

2 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

3 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

4 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

5 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

6 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

7 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

8 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

9 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

10 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

11 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

12 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

13 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

14 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

15 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

16 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

17 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

18 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

19 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

20 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

21 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

22 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

23 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

24 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

25 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

26 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

27 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

28 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

29 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

30 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

31 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

32 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

33 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

34 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

35 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

36 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

37 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

38 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

39 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

40 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

41 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

42 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

43 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

44 English: o Protestant o Trying to get away from impression o Dependent on England o Trying to separate Church and State o New religious freedoms o John Ralph wanted to spread Puritans ways o Pilgrims in Maryland tried to befriend natives in order to survive o Thought natives as lesser people slaves o Joint stock Company To make profit Although many Northerners and Southerners came later to think of themselves as having separate civilizations, the Northern and Southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were in fact more similar than different. Assess the validity of this statement. (1975) North: o Family farms o Slaves but not a lot o For better life/rights o More women and kids o Higher life expectancy o White major population o Furs, farms, fishing, ship building o Government town gov. o Education better (more colleges) o More populated South o Plantation farms o Larger slave population for profits o Less women o Lower life expectancy o Majority population (black) o Sugar, rice, tobacco o Government county gov. o Less education o Less populated

45 Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns. Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to economic and religious concerns. (1990) Starving time o Made them more resourceful o Powhatan Indians helped w/farming Indentured servants o Work for 7 years and gained freedom Farming o New crops Rice, indigo, and tobacco o Fertile land Colonialization o Expansion of empires o More resources Slave trade o Captured native Americans Sold as slaves Headright System o Attracted people to settle o Also indentured servants Virginia Trade Stock Co.: o Triangular trade route

46 How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. Geographic: o The rise of tobacco o Labor intensive crops o Rice and indigo crops Social: Dehuminization o Thought they were saving the slaves (education, religion, etc) o Blacks used to be more accepted, this changed o Genteel southern society Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005) Massachusetts: o Small farm o Merchant trading o Protestantism o Livestock o John Winthrop city on a hill o Roger Williams separation of church and state o Massachusetts Bay Company o Pilgrims o Mayflower Compact Virginia: o Cash Crops and plantations o House of Burgesses o Bacon s Rebellion o Slaves Revolts o No fixed religion o Charter o Virginia Company more government control Comparisons: o Triangle trade

47 o Mercantilism o Indentures servants o Headright system work for land o Navigation Acts 1651 Between 1607 and 1763, Americans gained control of their political and economic institutions. To what extent and in what ways do you agree or disagree with this statement? (1971) Solitary Neglect Navigation Act Trade Stamp/tea/impressment Act/Sugar/Currency Quakers/Puritans/Pilgrams Native Americans moved off Virginia House of Burgesses Cotton/Rice/Indigo/Tobacco Triangular Trade Route Mercantilism First Continental Congress/Stamp Act Congress/Albany Plan John Rolfe and Pocahontas Join or Die Proclamation of 1763 Sons of Liberty George Washington, John and Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry Chesapeake Bay Region Nathaniel Bacon Sons and Daughters of Liberty In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations, and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? (1983) Aspirations: o To create a model society in the New World o To stress family values and firm discipline o Religious freedom Why successful: o Immigrants came over as families instead of single working men This allowed them to multiply o Strong sense of unity o Worked together to survive first winter o Strong work ethic

48 o Worked for a cause Protestants People: o John Winthrop o King Charles o Anne Hutchinson o Roger Williams o John Sassamon Places: o Massachusetts Bay Colony o Plymouth Rock o Harvard University o Rhode Island (exiles) Extent of success: o Originally very strong o King Pillipes war devastated Puritans o Material concerns became prominent o Different religious movements hindered common goal o Legacy lives on today with presidencies trying to become the Model of a Hill Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: -Politics -Religion -Economic Development Spanish: o Catholic o Monarchy o Independent o Did not have a set government (Pope) o More religious influence o Stressed religious and turn them o Vovuage for gold o Government tried to suppress native ways and cause riots and revolts Pope revolt Diego de Vargas suppressed them (governor) o Missionaries Stressed the issue

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