Genetic Diversity and Correlation Analysis of Main Botany Characters in Watermelon Genetic Resources

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1 Journal of Plant Genetic Resources ~ Genetic Diversity and Correlation Analysis of Main Botany Characters in Watermelon Genetic Resources SHANG Jian-li WANG Ji-ming GUO Lin-lin MA Shuang-wu Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Zhengzhou Abstract The genetic diversity and correlation of twelve botanical characters were assessed in watermelon genetic resources in National Mid-term Genebank for Watermelon and Melon. The result of genetic diversity showed that All botanical characters tested showed diversity indexes ranging from fruit shape to seedweight with an average of The frequency distributions of botanical characters such as ground color of fruit surface over color of fruit surface flesh color fruit weight soluble solid content at center flesh 1000-seed-weight were dispersed. Variation coefficient of quantitative characters for average was Variation range was 1-3 times greater than the average. The result of genetic correlation showed that fruit shape and fruit ratio flesh color and soluble solid content at center flesh color and 1000-seed-weight fruit rind thickness and fruit rind hardness was significantly related seed-weight and soluble solid content at center flesh fruit weight and fruit rind thickness fruit weight and fruit rind hardness over color of fruit surface and over color pattern of fruit surface was significantly related. Key words Watermelon Genetic resources Genetic diversity Correlation coefficient NB DKA com

2 Table 1 Sources and types of 1200 watermelon germplasm resources Code range Type Origin Number Representative varieties PI A0001-A AFLP SRAP RAPD A0276-A0388 DNA A0389-A A0492-A A0540-A A0581-A m 2. 0m 0. 5m 4. 0m A0997-A ~ 8 2 ~ kg /cm 2 50kg /cm A0620-A A0646-A A0715-A Gray belle Black diamond Dixilee A0830-A A0903-A PI PI PI A0969-A Korai Kincs Amol Cream Suika A1064-A PI PI A1153-A A1168-A A1180-A PI PI Mendocina 2 A1191-A Total 1200 H' X i < x - H' H' = - Σpiln pi 2s 10 X i x + 2s 0. 5s 1 i Excel SPSS17. 0 ln R

3 Table 2 Describe grouping of botanical qualitative character in watermelon accessions Group Code Character A B C D E F % % % % % Table 3 Diversity index and frequency distribution of botanical qualitative character in watermelon accessions % Frequency distribution Character H' A B C D E F % kg / 1 ~ 3 cm kg /cm % 9. 0g 19. 8% 4 Table 4 Variation of botanical quantitative characters in watermelon accessions g 50. 5% % Code Characte Min Max Mean Range s CV H' G H I J K L kg l /w cm kg /cm % g

4 ~ ~ 6. 0kg ~ ~ ~ 60. 0g 1. 6 ~ % 8. 5% 10. 0% 3 1 Fig. 1 Frequency distribution of botanical quantitative characters in watermelon accessions 5 Table 5 Phenotypic correlation coefficient between characters A B C D E F G H I J K L Character A B C D * E F G H ** I * J * ** K ** L ** * * ** P < P < * ** mean significant difference at and level respectively

5 1 15 Fig. 5 5 Correlogram of fruit rind thickness and hardness VAR00007 = VAR00008 = VAR00007 = fruit rind thickness VAR00008 = fruit rind hardness % RAPD SSR

6 J AFLP J AFLP J M Vos P Hogers R Bleeker M et al. AFLP a new technique for DNA fingerprinting J. Nucl Acid Res Li C D Rossnagel B G Scoles G J. The development of oat microsatellite markers and their use in identifying relationships among Avena species and oat cultivars J. Theor Appl Genet Pal N Sandhu J S Domier L et al. Development and characterization of microsatellite and RFLP - Derived PCR markers in Oat J. Crop Sci Hu G Jackson E W Bonman J M. Expansion of PCR - based marker resources in oat by surveying genome - derived SSR markers from barley and wheat J. Crop Sci Rohlf F J. NTSYS - pc numerical taxonomy and multivariate a- nalysis system version 2. 2 getting started guide M. New York Exeter Publishing M 櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧櫧 15 RAPD J J J J AFLP J SRAP J RAPD J M Zhang X P Rhodes B B. RAPD molecular marker in watermelon J J. Hortscience Lee S J Shin J S Park K W et al. Detection of genetic diver-sity 16. M. using RAPD-PCR and sugar analysis in watermelon C. lantanus germplasm J. Theor Appl Genet M RAPD J J D. 19. SSR 2007 J J J J

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