Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India"

Transcription

1 Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India Alok Kumar Sikka National Rainfed Area Authority, Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi, India Adlul Islam ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, India

2 Background Climate change is one of the biggest issues confronting humanity It influences basin hydrology and regional water availability By the , models estimate increase in global mean surface temperature of about (IPCC 2007) ºC with the low emission scenario ºC with high emission scenario A warming of 0.4ºC noticed in surface temperature in India over , with no significant long term trend in monsoon rain Projections indicate that rainfall in India may increase by 15-40% with high regional variability More pronounced warming, northern India experiencing more increase, with relatively greater warming in winter & post-monsoon seasons.

3 Population and Water Resources India has 2% of world s land 4% of world s freshwater resources 16% of world s population 17% of world s cattle population Precipitation: Most of it confined to monsoon of just about 100 hr Makes irrigation imperative for reliable agricultural production Necessitates storage in various forms

4 Water Resources Vital Statistics Rainfall: 4000 bcm/yr. Annual utilizable surface and groundwater is 1122 bcm. Water consumers - Agriculture (85%); Domestic (4-5%) Availability of water (cu.m/ca/year) World: India : ~ 1700 Water storage (cu.m/ca/yr) World : 900 India : ~ 210 Growing water scarcity & food in security additionally threatened by climate change Projected Population (Million) Stress Condition Per capita availability Year Scarcity condition Population (million) Per caita water availability (m 3)

5 Brahmani Basin: a Case Study Distributed parametric modeling approach to reflect spatial heterogeneities- using USGS Model: Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) Major inputs Daily precipitation Temperature (Min and max) Solar radiation (Optional) Terrain, soil & land use Major outputs Water balance components Runoff, ET, soil moisture Sub-surface & groundwater Sensitivity of streamflow to hypothetical climate change scenarios Off-line approach with projected climate change from Had CM3 and PRECIS generated climate change scenarios

6 PRMS Model Maximum Temperature Evapotranspiration Evaporation Minimum Temperature INTERCEPTION Precipitation Evaporation Evaporation Transpiration Transpiration SOIL ZONE RESERVOIR Recharge Zone Lower Zone IMPERVIOUS ZONE RESERVOIR Surface Runoff Surface Runoff Groundwater Recharge GROUNDWATER RESERVOIR SUBSURFACE RESERVOIR Groundwater Recharge Subsurface Flow Groundwater Flow Streamflow Groundwater Sink

7 Data Used for Modelling: Daily streamflow and rainfall data ( ) of four stream gauging stations (Tilga, Jaraikela, Gomlai and Jenapur) Daily rainfall and temperature data for 11 stations spread over the basin Toposheets of 1:250,000 scale and 60 m contour interval Soil and land use map from National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use Planning DEM layer developed with 30 m of spatial resolution

8 Brahmani Basin Total catchment area= 39,313 km 2 Orissa (57.3%), Jharkhand (39.2% Chhattisgarh (3.5%) Sub-basins: Tilga, Jaraikela, Gomlai Jenapur Tilga 2987 Km 2 Gomlai Km 2 Jaraikela Km 2 Sub-humid tropical climate Avg. annual rainfall 1305 mm Jenapur Km 2

9 Hydrological Response Units (HRUs) The DEM along with soil and land use layers are used for generation of spatially distributed hydrological response units 19 different HRUs classes have been generated Total number of HRU 66

10 Calibration & Validation: Jenapur Calibration Validation E R

11 Streamflow Sensitivity 4 C rise in temperature resulted in 11.4% decrease in annual streamflow, with maximum decrease (12%) during monsoon and minimum (2.7%) during pre-monsoon season. 10% decrease in rainfall resulted in 22.9% decrease in annual streamflow, with maximum decrease (25%) in monsoon followed by post-monsoon and pre-monsoon season

12 Combined Effect of Rainfall and Temperature Changes Temperature rise of 4 C and a 10% decrease in rainfall resulted in 32.90% decrease of annual streamflow, with maximum reduction (35 %) in monsoon and minimum in pre-monsoon. 4 C rise of temperature and 30% increase in rainfall resulted in 62.2 % increase in annual streamflow, with maximum increase (72.5 %) in monsoon and minimum in winter.

13 Change in Mean Monthly Streamflow Maximum absolute changes in streamflow during the month of July streamflow almost doubled with 30% increase in rainfall & minimum absolute change (32.90%) in the month of January. With 30% increase in rainfall and 4 C increase in temperature, the magnitude of changes in mean monthly streamflow ranged from 83.40% (July) to 26.90% (January). A maximum decrease of 37% (July) was simulated with 4 C increase in temperature together with 10% decrease in rainfall.

14 Effect of Climate Change: HadCM3 Scenarios Under A2a emission scenario 15, 9 and 26% increase in annual streamflow was estimated during 2020, 2050, and 2080 respectively. Under B2a emission scenario, 23 and 28% increase in annual streamflow estimated during 2050 and 2080

15 Monthly Changes with HadCM3 Scenarios Percentage increase in monthly streamflow is simulated to be maximum in May during 2020, 2050 and 2080 under A2a emission scenario. Decrease in flow during October and December 2020, June 2050, and June and February 2080 under A2a scenario. Decrease in flow during June and February 2020, February 2050, and October to December 2080 under B2a emission scenario.

16 Effect of Climate Change: PRECIS scenarios ( ) Increase in annual as well as seasonal stream flow 52.5% increase in annual streamflow Maximum increase (94%) premonsoon season Minimum increase (43%) monsoon season Variation in result under different emission scenarios and climate models

17 Conclusions Brahmani basin s stream flow is more sensitive to changes in rainfall than temperature. Increase in seasonal and annual streamflows with HadCM3 and PRECIS climate change scenarios under A2a and B2a emission. Decreased streamflow simulated during winter months (December- February) and June in most cases has implications for winter crops (Rabi) and meeting peak water demands during summer. While increased flow during monsoon could lead to more flooding and water logging. Suggests need for development/adoption of agronomic, land and water management related adaptation measures. Emerging policies and priorities may focus on water user/use specific interventions, integrated management of watersheds and basin, demand side management, promoting community based approaches, and bridging knowledge gaps for benefit of users.

18

Procedure of hydrological modeling in a semi-arid river basin with SWAT. By: Ammar Rafiei

Procedure of hydrological modeling in a semi-arid river basin with SWAT. By: Ammar Rafiei Procedure of hydrological modeling in a semi-arid river basin with SWAT By: Ammar Rafiei outline Objective Introduction Study area Preparation of data sets Model parameterization Uncertainty analysis Sensitivity

More information

Climate Change in the Laguna Watershed: Addressing Hydrologic and Ecologic Impacts. Lorrie Flint and Alan Flint U.S. Geological Survey Sacramento, CA

Climate Change in the Laguna Watershed: Addressing Hydrologic and Ecologic Impacts. Lorrie Flint and Alan Flint U.S. Geological Survey Sacramento, CA Climate Change in the Laguna Watershed: Addressing Hydrologic and Ecologic Impacts Lorrie Flint and Alan Flint U.S. Geological Survey Sacramento, CA Global Warming The increase in the earth s temperature

More information

3.0 Water Balance GEOG370 Hydrology Spring 2013 D.L. Peters

3.0 Water Balance GEOG370 Hydrology Spring 2013 D.L. Peters 3.0 Water Balance Water Balance approach modeling framework for simplifying, describing & quantifying the hydrological budget of water inputs & outputs of components of the hydrological cycle specific

More information

HEC-HMS Lab 1: Creating a Single Basin HEC-HMS Model

HEC-HMS Lab 1: Creating a Single Basin HEC-HMS Model HEC-HMS Lab 1: Creating a Single Basin HEC-HMS Model Learning outcomes Created by Venkatesh Merwade (vmerwade@purdue.edu) The objective of this lab is to explore the basic structure of HEC-HMS modeling

More information

The Hydrological System. Cintia Bertacchi Uvo

The Hydrological System. Cintia Bertacchi Uvo The Hydrological System Cintia Bertacchi Uvo Learning Goals Hydrological cycle Climate and water availability Catchment area Water balance equation (continuity equation) Runoff coefficient How to calculate

More information

AZ EGER-PATAK HIDROLÓGIAI VIZSGÁLATA, A FELSZÍNI VÍZKÉSZLETEK VÁRHATÓ VÁLTOZÁSÁBÓL ADÓDÓ MÓDOSULÁSOK AZ ÉGHAJLATVÁLTOZÁS HATÁSÁRA

AZ EGER-PATAK HIDROLÓGIAI VIZSGÁLATA, A FELSZÍNI VÍZKÉSZLETEK VÁRHATÓ VÁLTOZÁSÁBÓL ADÓDÓ MÓDOSULÁSOK AZ ÉGHAJLATVÁLTOZÁS HATÁSÁRA AZ EGER-PATAK HIDROLÓGIAI VIZSGÁLATA, A FELSZÍNI VÍZKÉSZLETEK VÁRHATÓ VÁLTOZÁSÁBÓL ADÓDÓ MÓDOSULÁSOK AZ ÉGHAJLATVÁLTOZÁS HATÁSÁRA GÁBOR KEVE 1, GÉZA HAJNAL 2, KATALIN BENE 3, PÉTER TORMA 4 EXTRAPOLATING

More information

SAMPLE. Topic: Drainage basins as open systems Runoff, hydrographs & changes in the water cycle over time

SAMPLE. Topic: Drainage basins as open systems Runoff, hydrographs & changes in the water cycle over time Topic: Drainage basins as open systems 3.1.1.2 Runoff, hydrographs & changes in the water cycle over time What you need to know How runoff varies within the water cycle. How to analyse a flood hydrograph

More information

The Climate of the Douro: Structure, Trends and Mitigation and Adaptation Responses to a Changing Climate

The Climate of the Douro: Structure, Trends and Mitigation and Adaptation Responses to a Changing Climate The Climate of the Douro: Structure, Trends and Mitigation and Adaptation Responses to a Changing Climate Gregory V. Jones Department of Environmental Studies Fernando Alves Association for Viticultural

More information

Domestic Policy Framework on Adaptation to Climate Change in Water Resources: Case Study for India. Working Together to Respond to Climate Change

Domestic Policy Framework on Adaptation to Climate Change in Water Resources: Case Study for India. Working Together to Respond to Climate Change Domestic Policy Framework on Adaptation to Climate Change in Water Resources: Case Study for India Working Together to Respond to Climate Change WATER ACCOUNTING OF INDIA S TOTAL WATER RESOURCES Unutilizable

More information

Climate Change Projection for South Eastern Europe

Climate Change Projection for South Eastern Europe First Session of South-Eastern Europe Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF-1) Climate Change Projection for South Eastern Europe Eglantina Bruci Institute for Energy, Water and Environment, University of Polytechnics

More information

Abaya-Chamo Lakes Physical and Water Resources Characteristics, including Scenarios and Impacts

Abaya-Chamo Lakes Physical and Water Resources Characteristics, including Scenarios and Impacts LARS 2007 Catchment and Lake Research Abaya-Chamo Lakes Physical and Water Resources Characteristics, including Scenarios and Impacts Seleshi Bekele Awulachew International Water Management Institute Introduction

More information

JULES and the Terrestrial Global Water Cycle. Richard Harding Doug Clark WATCH Partners

JULES and the Terrestrial Global Water Cycle. Richard Harding Doug Clark WATCH Partners JULES and the Terrestrial Global Water Cycle Richard Harding Doug Clark WATCH Partners Impacts of Climate Change Uncertainty in land precipitation Biemans et al 2009 Legend Precipitation Evaporation physics

More information

What are the Experts Saying About Effects of Climate Change on Rainfall and Streamflow in the Southeast?

What are the Experts Saying About Effects of Climate Change on Rainfall and Streamflow in the Southeast? What are the Experts Saying About Effects of Climate Change on Rainfall and Streamflow in the Southeast? by David H. Moreau Director, Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina

More information

INTRODUCTION TO WATER HARVESTING

INTRODUCTION TO WATER HARVESTING WATER HARVESTING AND AQUACULTURE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION TO WATER HARVESTING INTRODUCTION INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AQUACULTURE AND AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS AUBURN UNIVERSITY Throughout history,

More information

Texas A & M University and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Hydrologic Modeling Inventory Model Description Form

Texas A & M University and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Hydrologic Modeling Inventory Model Description Form Texas A & M University and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Hydrologic Modeling Inventory Model Description Form Name of Model: MIKE SHE JUNE 18, 1999 Model Type: Physically Based, distributed and integrated

More information

APPLICATION OF THE SWAT MODEL IN THE PINIOS RIVER BASIN UNDER DIFFERENT LAND-USE SCENARIOS

APPLICATION OF THE SWAT MODEL IN THE PINIOS RIVER BASIN UNDER DIFFERENT LAND-USE SCENARIOS Global Nest: the Int. J. Vol 5, No 2, pp 71-79, 2003 Copyright 2003 GLOBAL NEST Printed in Greece. All rights reserved APPLICATION OF THE SWAT MODEL IN THE PINIOS RIVER BASIN UNDER DIFFERENT LAND-USE SCENARIOS

More information

Karst SWAT hydrological modeling at large and regional scale: the case study of the island of Crete

Karst SWAT hydrological modeling at large and regional scale: the case study of the island of Crete Karst SWAT hydrological modeling at large and regional scale: the case study of the island of Crete Creating tools towards achieving WFD water quantity and quality targets Malago A., Efstathiou D., Bouraoui

More information

The ensemble scenarios projecting runoff changes in large Russian river basins in the 21st century

The ensemble scenarios projecting runoff changes in large Russian river basins in the 21st century doi:10.5194/piahs-364-210-2014 210 Evolving Water Resources Systems: Understanding, Predicting and Managing Water Society Interactions Proceedings of ICWRS2014, Bologna, Italy, June 2014 (IAHS Publ. 364,

More information

POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN

POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN Ken Potter and Zach Schuster Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering University of Wisconsin Madison, WI OUTLINE Typical flood scenarios

More information

Analysis of SWAT Simulated Soil Moisture with the MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Index for Soyanggang Dam Watershed of South Korea

Analysis of SWAT Simulated Soil Moisture with the MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Index for Soyanggang Dam Watershed of South Korea Analysis of SWAT Simulated Soil Moisture with the MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Index for Soyanggang Dam Watershed of South Korea Geun Ae PARK / Alan F. HAMLET Department of Civil and Environmental

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE, MICRO-CLIMATE. i) A state or condition of the atmosphere at a given place and at a given instant of time.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE, MICRO-CLIMATE. i) A state or condition of the atmosphere at a given place and at a given instant of time. WEATHER AND CLIMATE, MICRO-CLIMATE Weather i) A state or condition of the atmosphere at a given place and at a given instant of time. ii) The daily or short term variations of different conditions of lower

More information

7.5.4 The six-hour unit hydrograph of a watershed having a drainage area equal to 393 km 2 is as follows:

7.5.4 The six-hour unit hydrograph of a watershed having a drainage area equal to 393 km 2 is as follows: 7.5.4 The six-hour unit hydrograph of a watershed having a drainage area equal to 393 km 2 is as follows: (h) 0 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 Unit Hydrograph (m 3 /s*cm) 0 1.8 30.9 85.6 41.8 14.6 5.5 1.8 For a storm

More information

M. Tech. Water Resource Engineering

M. Tech. Water Resource Engineering M. Tech. Water Resource Engineering Basic Supporting Courses S. No. Course Code Course Title L-T-P Credits 1. MAS 701 Advanced Engineering Mathematics 3-1-0 4 2. MAS 711 Statistics I 2-0-1 3 3. COMP 805

More information

Analysis of Rainfall Data for Arni Station

Analysis of Rainfall Data for Arni Station International Journal of New Technology and Research (IJNTR) ISSN:2454-4116, Volume-2, Issue-10, October 2016 Pages 01-06 Analysis of Rainfall Data for Arni Station Yashwwanth Krishna Gunasekaran, Abhishek

More information

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas M. Arif Goheer Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad- 44000, Pakistan Symposium on Climate

More information

Answers. The Water Cycle. Year 7 Science Chapter 7

Answers. The Water Cycle. Year 7 Science Chapter 7 Answers The Water Cycle Year 7 Science Chapter 7 p153 1 Change of state from liquid to vapour happens over the water as liquid water evaporates into water vapour in the atmosphere. 2 The sun is the source

More information

UNCERTAINTIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS

UNCERTAINTIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS OECD Workshop on the benefits of climate policy. Paris, 12/13 December 2002 UNCERTAINTIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS Geoff Jenkins Hadley Centre MetOffice,UK 1 CLIMATE CHANGE DEPENDS UPON: How man-made

More information

Identification of the Spatial Variability of Runoff Coefficient of Three Wet Zone Watersheds of Sri Lanka for Efficient River Basin Planning

Identification of the Spatial Variability of Runoff Coefficient of Three Wet Zone Watersheds of Sri Lanka for Efficient River Basin Planning Identification of the Spatial Variability of Runoff Coefficient of Three Wet Zone Watersheds of Sri Lanka for Efficient River Basin Planning Perera, K.R.J. and Wijesekera, N.T.S. Perera, K.R.J. and Wijesekera,

More information

Development of Rural Drinking Water Security Plan A Case Study from Raipur Block, Bhilwara District, Rajasthan

Development of Rural Drinking Water Security Plan A Case Study from Raipur Block, Bhilwara District, Rajasthan Development of Rural Drinking Water Security Plan A Case Study from Raipur Block, Bhilwara District, Rajasthan Dr. B. K. Bhadra Scientist/Engr. SF Regional Remote Sensing Centre (RRSC-W) NRSC/ISRO, Dept.

More information

Lecture Series in Water, Soil and Atmosphere (315.340) Unit 1: Interaction Soil / Vegetation / Atmosphere

Lecture Series in Water, Soil and Atmosphere (315.340) Unit 1: Interaction Soil / Vegetation / Atmosphere Dept. Water, Soil & Atmosphere Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna Lecture Series in Water, Soil and Atmosphere (315.340) Unit 1:

More information

Climate Change implications for California s Water & Food. Michael Hanemann California Climate Change Center UC Berkeley

Climate Change implications for California s Water & Food. Michael Hanemann California Climate Change Center UC Berkeley Climate Change implications for California s Water & Food Michael Hanemann California Climate Change Center UC Berkeley Topics View in US versus Europe Climate change and agriculture Climate change and

More information

World Water and Climate Atlas

World Water and Climate Atlas International Water Management Institute World Water and Climate Atlas Direct access to water and climate data improves agricultural planning The IWMI World Water and Climate Atlas provides rapid access

More information

Spatial analysis of Yamuna River water quality in pre- and post-monsoon periods

Spatial analysis of Yamuna River water quality in pre- and post-monsoon periods Water Quality: Current Trends and Expected Climate Change Impacts (Proceedings of symposium H0 held during IUGG2011 in Melbourne, Australia, July 2011) (IAHS Publ. 3, 2011). Spatial analysis of Yamuna

More information

Estimating Potential Reduction Flood Benefits of Restored Wetlands

Estimating Potential Reduction Flood Benefits of Restored Wetlands Estimating Potential Reduction Flood Benefits of Restored Wetlands Kenneth W. Potter University of Wisconsin Introduction Throughout the summer of 1993 a recurring question was the impact of wetland drainage

More information

SMA Based Continuous Hydrologic Simulation Of The Blue Nile

SMA Based Continuous Hydrologic Simulation Of The Blue Nile SMA Based Continuous Hydrologic Simulation Of The Blue Nile K. E. Bashar 1 and A. F. Zaki 2 1 UNESCO Chair in Water Resources, P.O. Box 1244, Khartoum, Sudan. E-mail: basharke@hotmail.com 2 UNESCO Cairo

More information

Impacts of Climate Change on Egypt and the Nile River BY: LAMA EL HATOW

Impacts of Climate Change on Egypt and the Nile River BY: LAMA EL HATOW Impacts of Climate Change on Egypt and the Nile River BY: LAMA EL HATOW CO-FOUNDER OF THE WATER INSTITUTE OF THE NILE (WIN) AND PH.D. CANDIDATE IN ERASMUS UNIVERSITY ROTTERDAM IN THE NETHERLANDS, DOING

More information

An innovative approach to Floods and Fire Risk Assessment and Management: the FLIRE Project

An innovative approach to Floods and Fire Risk Assessment and Management: the FLIRE Project 8 th International Conference of EWRA Water Resources Management in an Interdisciplinary and Changing Context 26-29 June 2013, Porto, Portugal An innovative approach to Floods and Fire Risk Assessment

More information

The Global Water Cycle

The Global Water Cycle The Global Water Cycle OCN 401 November 18, 2014 1. The Global Water Cycle - Processes - Reservoirs and Fluxes - Composition Lecture Outline 2. Models of the Hydrologic Cycle 3. The History of the Water

More information

Water Balance Analysis C. P. Kumar Scientist F National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee 247667 (Uttarakhand) Email: cpkumar@yahoo.com Presentation Overview Introduction Hydrologic Cycle Basic Concept of

More information

Lecture 3: Hydrologic Cycle and Watersheds

Lecture 3: Hydrologic Cycle and Watersheds Lecture 3: Hydrologic Cycle and Watersheds Key Questions 1. What % of the total water in Earth is fresh? 2. What is the hydrologic (or water) cycle? 3. What are the elements if the hydrologic cycle? 4.

More information

PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE: SIMULATING AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES, HYDROLOGY AND NUTRIENT EXPORTS UNDER FUTURE CLIMATES

PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE: SIMULATING AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES, HYDROLOGY AND NUTRIENT EXPORTS UNDER FUTURE CLIMATES PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE: SIMULATING AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES, HYDROLOGY AND NUTRIENT EXPORTS UNDER FUTURE CLIMATES Dennis Trolle, Anders Nielsen, Hans Thodsen, Hans E Andersen, Shenglan Lu, Gitte Blicher-Mathiesen,

More information

Damage Assessment in a large River Basin The Mekong Experience. Phan Nguyen& Anthony Green Mekong River Commission

Damage Assessment in a large River Basin The Mekong Experience. Phan Nguyen& Anthony Green Mekong River Commission Damage Assessment in a large River Basin The Mekong Experience Phan Nguyen& Anthony Green Mekong River Commission Contents 1. Features and vulnerabilities 2. Influence of Changing Climate 3. Damage Assessment

More information

Impact of water harvesting dam on the Wadi s morphology using digital elevation model Study case: Wadi Al-kanger, Sudan

Impact of water harvesting dam on the Wadi s morphology using digital elevation model Study case: Wadi Al-kanger, Sudan Impact of water harvesting dam on the Wadi s morphology using digital elevation model Study case: Wadi Al-kanger, Sudan H. S. M. Hilmi 1, M.Y. Mohamed 2, E. S. Ganawa 3 1 Faculty of agriculture, Alzaiem

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE RISK ASSESSMENT

CLIMATE CHANGE RISK ASSESSMENT Additional Financing of Green Power Development Project (RRP BHU 37399) CLIMATE CHANGE RISK ASSESSMENT I. Background 1. With its mountainous terrain and abundant rivers, Bhutan has large potential for

More information

Water Scarcity in Egypt:

Water Scarcity in Egypt: 2014 Water Scarcity in Egypt: Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, Egypt February 2014 I. Introduction Egypt has reached a state where the quantity of water available is imposing limits on its national

More information

Water Resource. 1 Initiating and Sustaining Water Sector Reforms : A Synthesis World Bank in collaboration with the Government of India, Ministry of

Water Resource. 1 Initiating and Sustaining Water Sector Reforms : A Synthesis World Bank in collaboration with the Government of India, Ministry of WATER RESOURCES OF INDIA by Kalipada Chatterjee Climate Change Centre Development Alternatives Introduction Water is essential for human civilisation, living organisms, and natural habitat. It is used

More information

Figure 1.1 The Sandveld area and the Verlorenvlei Catchment - 2 -

Figure 1.1 The Sandveld area and the Verlorenvlei Catchment - 2 - Figure 1.1 The Sandveld area and the Verlorenvlei Catchment - 2 - Figure 1.2 Homogenous farming areas in the Verlorenvlei catchment - 3 - - 18 - CHAPTER 3: METHODS 3.1. STUDY AREA The study area, namely

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN. Arif Mahmood Chief Meteorologist Pakistan Meteorological Department.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN. Arif Mahmood Chief Meteorologist Pakistan Meteorological Department. CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN Arif Mahmood Chief Meteorologist Pakistan Meteorological Department http://www.pakmet.com.pk 1 The country Profile The country has a long latitudinal extent

More information

Climate impacts on the water balance of rainforests in northern Queensland, Australia

Climate impacts on the water balance of rainforests in northern Queensland, Australia Climate impacts on the water balance of rainforests in northern Queensland, Australia Jim Wallace 1 and Dave McJannet 2 CSIRO Land and Water, 1 Townsville and 2 Brisbane 8 April 2011 GREENHOUSE 2011, Cairns

More information

Geoff Parkin School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Newcastle University

Geoff Parkin School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Newcastle University Adaptive shallow groundwater management in Africa: linking regional and local scale resource assessments Geoff Parkin School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Newcastle University World Water Congress,

More information

An Investigation of Potential Hydrologic and Management Impacts on the Bull Run System

An Investigation of Potential Hydrologic and Management Impacts on the Bull Run System The Impacts of Climate Change on Portland's Water Supply: An Investigation of Potential Hydrologic and Management Impacts on the Bull Run System Dr. Richard N. Palmer and Margaret Hahn Department of Civil

More information

GLOBAL CIRCULATION OF WATER

GLOBAL CIRCULATION OF WATER Global Circulation of Water MODULE - 8A 27 GLOBAL CIRCULATION OF WATER More than three-fourths of the earth s surface is covered by water. Water is an odorless, tasteless, substance than can naturally

More information

Project Work-Plan and Deliverables

Project Work-Plan and Deliverables Project Work-Plan and Deliverables Amit Garg NAIP Project Inception Workshop IIM Ahmedabad, 17-18 April, 2009 Year Wise Plan of Activities Objectives/ Activity planed Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Recruitment

More information

7. Runoff Processes 7-1

7. Runoff Processes 7-1 7. Runoff Processes 7-1 Rain and snowmelt water take various paths to streams. Each path contributes differently to; - peak and timing of storm runoff - erosion - transport of chemicals into streams Planners

More information

Hydrologic Modeling using HEC-HMS

Hydrologic Modeling using HEC-HMS Hydrologic Modeling using HEC-HMS Prepared by Venkatesh Merwade School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University vmerwade@purdue.edu April 2012 Introduction The intent of this exercise is to introduce you

More information

DROUGHT IN THE MURRAY DARLING BASIN

DROUGHT IN THE MURRAY DARLING BASIN DROUGHT IN THE MURRAY DARLING BASIN Drought is a familiar phenomenon in the Murray Darling basin and is one of the most hazardous and most complex threats to humankind and the natural ecosystems they rely

More information

Stormwater Management in a Changing Climate: Current Initiatives at TRCA

Stormwater Management in a Changing Climate: Current Initiatives at TRCA Stormwater Management in a Changing Climate: Current Initiatives at TRCA Ryan Ness Toronto and Region Conservation Authority A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium November 21, 2008 TRCA Jurisdiction History

More information

Impact of Land Use / Cover Change on Streamflow: The Case of Hare River Watershed, Ethiopia

Impact of Land Use / Cover Change on Streamflow: The Case of Hare River Watershed, Ethiopia LARS 2007 Catchment and Lake Research Impact of Land Use / Cover Change on Streamflow: The Case of Hare River Watershed, Ethiopia Kassa Tadele 1 and Gerd Förch 2 1 2 Arba Minch Water Technology Institute,

More information

By Dr. Michael J. Hayes, Climate Impacts Specialist, National Drought Mitigation Center, with Christina Alvord and Jessica Lowrey, WWA

By Dr. Michael J. Hayes, Climate Impacts Specialist, National Drought Mitigation Center, with Christina Alvord and Jessica Lowrey, WWA Drought Indices By Dr. Michael J. Hayes, Climate Impacts Specialist, National Drought Mitigation Center, with Christina Alvord and Jessica Lowrey, WWA This article originally appeared in a longer form

More information

Elizabeth Curmi, Keith Richards, Richard Fenner, Julian.M Allwood, Bojana Bajželj and Grant M. Kopec

Elizabeth Curmi, Keith Richards, Richard Fenner, Julian.M Allwood, Bojana Bajželj and Grant M. Kopec A new representation of integrated management of water resources: Sankey diagrams that link water sources and services for humans and nature at different scales Elizabeth Curmi, Keith Richards, Richard

More information

Drought in the Czech Republic in 2015 A preliminary summary

Drought in the Czech Republic in 2015 A preliminary summary Drought in the Czech Republic in 2015 A preliminary summary October 2015, Prague DISCLAIMER All data used in this preliminary report are operational and might be a subject of change during quality control.

More information

The Book-keeping Method of Irrigation Scheduling and its use for Turfgrass in

The Book-keeping Method of Irrigation Scheduling and its use for Turfgrass in The Book-keeping Method of Irrigation Scheduling and its use for Turfgrass in Louisiana Document prepared by David Greenland January 18, 2006. The book-keeping method of irrigation scheduling is based

More information

FLOOD HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF HOANG LONG RIVER BASIN, VIETNAM. Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam 100000, e-mail: vuthanhtu147@gmail.

FLOOD HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF HOANG LONG RIVER BASIN, VIETNAM. Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam 100000, e-mail: vuthanhtu147@gmail. FLOOD HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF HOANG LONG RIVER BASIN, VIETNAM VU Thanh Tu 1, Tawatchai TINGSANCHALI 2 1 Water Resources University, Assistant Professor, 175 Tay Son Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi,

More information

Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment

Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment As part of our climate change risk assessment, we have used joint probability plots from the UKCP09 tool to help us

More information

Global Water Resources

Global Water Resources Global Water Resources Highlights from assessment activities over the past two decades, which are used to establish present and future water trends, reveal that: 1. Freshwater resources are unevenly distributed,

More information

California Future Water Demand Projections (WEAP Model): Implications on Energy Demand

California Future Water Demand Projections (WEAP Model): Implications on Energy Demand California Future Water Demand Projections (WEAP Model): Implications on Energy Demand Dr. Mohammad Rayej California Department of Water Resources Sacramento, California, U.S.A. Water Energy Conference

More information

Soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer in regional scale climate modeling. R.A. Feddes, K. Metselaar, l.wipfler and J.C. van Dam

Soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer in regional scale climate modeling. R.A. Feddes, K. Metselaar, l.wipfler and J.C. van Dam Soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer in regional scale climate modeling R.A. Feddes, K. Metselaar, l.wipfler and J.C. van Dam Water balance components P E R D root q p Global circulation Atmosphere Processes

More information

Introduction. Role of land use/land cover

Introduction. Role of land use/land cover Introduction Role of land use/land cover Fluxes of energy, momentum, water, heat are parametrized in NWP models as functions of Surface albedo Surface moisture availability Surface emissivity Surface roughness

More information

Stacking ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed

Stacking ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed Stacking ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed Silvio Simonit & Charles Perrings Ecoservice Group, Arizona State University http://www.ecoservices.asu.edu/ RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: Construct a spatially-explicit

More information

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Water Availability

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Water Availability Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Water Availability Introduction Climate is a key factor in water supply planning (http://www.sws.uiuc.edu/wsp/climate/climatefactors.asp). Precipitation, in particular,

More information

PRECIPITATION AND EVAPORATION

PRECIPITATION AND EVAPORATION PRECIPITATION AND EVAPORATION OBJECTIVES Use historical data to analyze relationships between precipitation, evaporation and stream flow in the San Antonio River Basin TOPICS Water cycle Precipitation

More information

A Critical Review of Long Term Water Energy Nexus in India

A Critical Review of Long Term Water Energy Nexus in India Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Towards sustainable development - policy oriented, practical and strategic research on global environmental issues A Critical Review of Long Term Water Energy

More information

Hydrological Modeling of Watershed using HEC-HMS Software and arc GIS.

Hydrological Modeling of Watershed using HEC-HMS Software and arc GIS. Hydrological Modeling of Watershed using HEC-HMS Software and arc GIS. Anita Nag 1, Kinley Penjor 2, Sonam Tobgay 3, Choda Jamtsho 3. 1,2,3,4 K.L.Uiversity, AP, India. Abstract: Hydrological Modeling System

More information

Content of the presentation. Introduction Flood causes, magnitude and frequency Flood changes Event study (some example) Problems and perspectives

Content of the presentation. Introduction Flood causes, magnitude and frequency Flood changes Event study (some example) Problems and perspectives D.Oyunbaatar, Hydrology section, Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Juulchiny str-5, Ulaanbaatar-46, Mongolia E-mail: oytetuar@yahoo.com Content of the presentation Introduction Flood causes, magnitude

More information

Climate Change on the Prairie:

Climate Change on the Prairie: Climate Change on the Prairie: A Basic Guide to Climate Change in the High Plains Region - UPDATE Global Climate Change Why does the climate change? The Earth s climate has changed throughout history and

More information

SOIL MOISTURE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS AT RD 838 OF I. G. N. P. STAGE - II

SOIL MOISTURE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS AT RD 838 OF I. G. N. P. STAGE - II SOIL MOISTURE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS AT RD 838 OF I. G. N. P. STAGE - II C. P. Kumar* Sanjay Mittal** S. L. Srivastava** ABSTRACT Mathematical models of hydrologic and agricultural systems require knowledge

More information

High resolution modeling of climate processes in diverse landscapes. James M. Byrne Professor and Chair of Geography University of Lethbridge

High resolution modeling of climate processes in diverse landscapes. James M. Byrne Professor and Chair of Geography University of Lethbridge High resolution modeling of climate processes in diverse landscapes James M. Byrne Professor and Chair of Geography University of Lethbridge Climate Change and Extremes Workshop 16-17 October 2003, Victoria,

More information

Hydrological Modelling Study of Mandakini and Alaknanda (Upstream) River Catchments (floods of Jul 2016)

Hydrological Modelling Study of Mandakini and Alaknanda (Upstream) River Catchments (floods of Jul 2016) Hydrological Modelling Study of Mandakini and Alaknanda (Upstream) River Catchments (floods of Jul 2016) A brief hydrological modeling study has been carried out using hydrological modelling softwares

More information

WILLOCHRA BASIN GROUNDWATER STATUS REPORT 2009-10

WILLOCHRA BASIN GROUNDWATER STATUS REPORT 2009-10 WILLOCHRA BASIN GROUNDWATER STATUS REPORT 2009-10 SUMMARY 2009-10 The Willochra Basin is situated in the southern Flinders Ranges in the Mid-North of South Australia, approximately 50 km east of Port Augusta

More information

Standardized Runoff Index (SRI)

Standardized Runoff Index (SRI) Standardized Runoff Index (SRI) Adolfo Mérida Abril Javier Gras Treviño Contents 1. About the SRI SRI in the world Methodology 2. Comments made in Athens on SRI factsheet 3. Last modifications of the factsheet

More information

Monsoon Variability and Extreme Weather Events

Monsoon Variability and Extreme Weather Events Monsoon Variability and Extreme Weather Events M Rajeevan National Climate Centre India Meteorological Department Pune 411 005 rajeevan@imdpune.gov.in Outline of the presentation Monsoon rainfall Variability

More information

Time: Two 45 minute class periods. Lesson can be structured to minute segments or as stand-alone activities.

Time: Two 45 minute class periods. Lesson can be structured to minute segments or as stand-alone activities. TEACHER PAGE Trial Version * After completion of the lesson, please take a moment to fill out the feedback form on our web site (https://www.cresis.ku.edu/education/k-12/online-data-portal)* Lesson Title:

More information

Climate, water and renewable energy in the Nordic countries

Climate, water and renewable energy in the Nordic countries 102 Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change Hydroclimatic Variability (Proceedings of symposium S6 held during the Seventh IAHS Scientific Assembly at Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, April 2005). IAHS

More information

Flash Flood Guidance Systems

Flash Flood Guidance Systems Flash Flood Guidance Systems Introduction The Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS) was designed and developed by the Hydrologic Research Center a non-profit public benefit corporation located in of San Diego,

More information

CCI-HYDR Perturbation Tool. A climate change tool for generating perturbed time series for the Belgian climate MANUAL, JANUARY 2009

CCI-HYDR Perturbation Tool. A climate change tool for generating perturbed time series for the Belgian climate MANUAL, JANUARY 2009 CCI-HYDR project (contract SD/CP/03A) for: Programme SSD «Science for a Sustainable Development» MANUAL, JANUARY 2009 CCI-HYDR Perturbation Tool A climate change tool for generating perturbed time series

More information

Welcome to NASA Applied Remote Sensing Training (ARSET) Webinar Series

Welcome to NASA Applied Remote Sensing Training (ARSET) Webinar Series Welcome to NASA Applied Remote Sensing Training (ARSET) Webinar Series Introduction to Remote Sensing Data for Water Resources Management Course Dates: October 17, 24, 31 November 7, 14 Time: 8-9 a.m.

More information

Groundwater & Surface- Water Interaction and Potential for Underground Water Storage Study- Phase 2

Groundwater & Surface- Water Interaction and Potential for Underground Water Storage Study- Phase 2 Groundwater & Surface- Water Interaction and Potential for Underground Water Storage Study- Phase 2 PROVIDING WATER RESOURCE DATA THAT ADDRESSES CONSUMPTIVE AND NON-CONSUMPTIVE NEEDS THROUGH MULTIPLE PARTNERSHIPS

More information

Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan Executive Summary

Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan Executive Summary Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan Executive Summary CNTR- 08 8507 DFID CNTR 08 8507 Executive Summary Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan A Report to the Department

More information

ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI FACULTY OF FORESTRY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI FACULTY OF FORESTRY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI FACULTY OF FORESTRY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT Laboratory of Mountainous Water Management and Control Dr. Panagiotis Stefanidis Associate Professor and Chairman Dr. Ioannis

More information

America s Water Risk: Water Stress and Climate Variability. Columbia Water Center White Paper. February 2013

America s Water Risk: Water Stress and Climate Variability. Columbia Water Center White Paper. February 2013 White Paper February 2013 Daniel Shi Naresh Devineni Upmanu Lall Edwin Piñero Summary The emerging awareness of the dependence of business on water has resulted in increasing awareness of the concept of

More information

Impact of Warming on Outflows from Selected Upper Watersheds in California

Impact of Warming on Outflows from Selected Upper Watersheds in California Impact of Warming on Outflows from Selected Upper Watersheds in California Guobiao Huang (CA DWR), Tariq Kadir (CA DWR) and Francis Chung (CA DWR) California Water and Environmental Modeling Forum Pacific

More information

Armenian State Hydrometeorological and Monitoring Service

Armenian State Hydrometeorological and Monitoring Service Armenian State Hydrometeorological and Monitoring Service Offenbach 1 Armenia: IN BRIEF Armenia is located in Southern Caucasus region, bordering with Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. The total territory

More information

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment http://www.pcd.go.th 1 Overview of Presentation

More information

Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large

Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large In last week s article, we introduced the concept and scientific basis of climate change, along with some basic terminology. This week we will

More information

Water Saving Technology

Water Saving Technology Water Saving Technology Water Demand & Irrigation Miguel Aguila aguila@gemuese-garten.com Prof. Dr. S. Kleisinger Project for Water and Fertilizer Use Efficiency November 6, 2009 EDUCATIONAL AND WORK HISTORY

More information

Irrigation Scheduling through CROPWAT & WEAP software

Irrigation Scheduling through CROPWAT & WEAP software Irrigation Scheduling through CROPWAT & WEAP software Anup K Srivastava, Director National Water Academy, Central Water Commission, Pune, India asrivastava358@gmail.com Shailesh K Srivastava, Chief Engineer

More information

Impacts of climate change on rice production in China

Impacts of climate change on rice production in China Impacts of climate change on rice production in China Wei XIONG (xiongw@ami.ac.cn ) Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Main points

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE, HUMAN SYSTEMS, AND POLICY - Vol.I - The Effects of Global Warming on Mountains - M. Beniston

CLIMATE CHANGE, HUMAN SYSTEMS, AND POLICY - Vol.I - The Effects of Global Warming on Mountains - M. Beniston THE EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING ON MOUNTAINS M. Beniston University of Fribourg, Switzerland Keywords: global warming, natural systems, socioeconomic systems, policy response, hydrology, mountain agriculture,

More information

Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources: A Case Study on Portugal

Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources: A Case Study on Portugal Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources: A Case Study on Portugal LUIS VEIGA DA CUNHA 1, RODRIGO PROENÇA DE OLIVEIRA 2, JOÃO NASCIMENTO 3 & LUIS RIBEIRO 4 1 Department of Environmental Sciences and

More information

Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015

Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015 Temperature - C Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015 As stewards of the local watersheds Quinte Conservation has been active in assessing and monitoring climate change and is proposing

More information