1 Edgewood Primary School Building skills and values for life Phonics Workshop 2015
2 Aims To share how phonics is taught To develop parents confidence in helping their children with phonics and reading To teach the basics of phonics and some useful phonics terms To outline the different stages in phonic development To show examples of activities and resources we use to teach phonics To share websites which parents can use to support their children To give parents an opportunity to ask questions
3 What is phonics and how can I help my child at home?
4 Phonics is all about using skills for reading and spelling + knowledge of the alphabet Learning phonics will help your child to become a good reader and writer.
5 Every child in FS and KS1 learns daily phonics at their level In KS2 children continue to learn phonics Phonics gradually progresses to learning spellings rules etc.
6 Daily Phonics Every day the children have 20 minute sessions of phonics. Fast paced approach Lessons encompass a range of games, songs and rhymes We use the Letters and Sounds planning document to support the teaching of phonics There are 6 phonics phases which the children work through at their own pace
7 Phonic terms your child will learn at school Phoneme Grapheme Blending Segmenting Digraph Trigraph Phoneme frame Sound button Tricky words CVC
8 Glossary: Phonemes: The smallest units of sound that are found within a word Grapheme: The spelling of the sound e.g. th Digraph: Two letters that make one sound when reading Trigraphs: Three letters that make one sound CVC: Stands for consonant, vowel, consonant. Segmenting is breaking up a word into its sounds. Blending : Putting the sounds together to read a word Tricky words: Words that cannot easily be decoded.
9 Phase 1: Getting ready for phonics 1. Tuning into sounds 2. Listening and remembering sounds 3. Talking about sounds Music and movement Rhythm and rhyme Sound effects Speaking and listening skills
10 How can I help at home? Nursery rhymes, songs, action rhymes. Add sound effects to stories. Music and movement: rhythm, guess the instrument. Talking about sounds: listening walks, loud/soft, high/low, silly noises. Speaking & listening: silly sentences Happy Harry hops, mimics, animal sounds.
11 Saying the sounds Sounds should be articulated clearly and precisely. Pay attention to f, r, l, m, n, s, t, x
12 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Blending Children need to be able to hear the separate sounds in a word and then blend them together to say the whole word.
13 Blending /b/ /e/ /d/ = bed /t/ /i/ /n/ = tin /m/ /u/ /g/ = mug
14 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Segmenting Children need to be able to hear a whole word and say every sound that they hear.
16 How can I help at home? Oral blending: the robot game Children need to practise hearing a series of spoken sounds and merging them together to make a word. For example, you say b-u-s, and your child says bus. What s in the box? is a great game for practising this skill.
17 Phase 2: Learning phonemes to read and write simple words Children will learn their first 19 phonemes: Set 1: s a t p Set 3: g o c k Set 5: h b l f ss (as in hiss) Set 2: i n m d Set 4: ck (as in duck) e u r ff (as in puff) ll (as in hill) They will use these phonemes to read and spell simple consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words: sat, tap, dig, duck, rug, puff, hill, hiss All these words contain 3 phonemes.
18 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: phoneme Phonemes are sounds that can be heard in words e.g. c-a-t
19 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: grapheme This is how a phoneme is written down
20 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: digraph This means that the phoneme comprises of two letters e.g. ll, ff, ck, ss
21 Phonics words Phoneme frame and sound buttons c a t... f i sh.. _
22 Tricky Words There are many words that cannot be blended or segmented because they are irregular. the was said you some
23 Phase 3: Learning the long vowel phonemes Children will enter phase 3 once they know the first 19 phonemes and can blend and segment to read and spell CVC words. They will learn another 26 phonemes: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er They will use these phonemes (and the ones from Phase 2) to read and spell words: chip, shop, thin, ring, pain, feet, night, boat, boot, look, farm, fork, burn, town, coin, dear, fair, sure
24 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Trigraph This means that the phoneme comprises of three letters e.g. igh, ear, ure
25 Draw a phoneme frame and write these words ring chick night
26 Answers r i ng ch i ck... _ n igh t. _.
27 Phase 4: Introducing consonant clusters: reading and spelling words with four or more phonemes Children move into phase 4 when they know all the phonemes from phases 2 and 3 and can use them to read and spell simple words (blending to read and segmenting to spell). Phase 4 doesn t introduce any new phonemes. It focuses on reading and spelling longer words with the phonemes they already know. These words have consonant clusters at the beginning: spot, trip, clap, green, clown or at the end: tent, mend, damp, burnt or at the beginning and end! twist trust, spend,
28 Phase 5 Teach new graphemes for reading ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e Learn alternative pronunciations of graphemes (the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme): Fin/find, hot/cold, cat/cent, got/giant, but/put, cow/blow, tie/field, eat/bread, farmer/her, hat/what, yes/by/very, chin/school/chef, out/shoulder/could/you..
29 Learning all the variations! Learning that the same phoneme can be represented in more than one way: burn first term heard work
30 Learning all the variations! Learning that the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme: meat bread he bed bear hear cow low
31 Teaching the split digraph tie time toe tone cue cube pie pine
32 A Real Treat! Tom was very happy. It was the weekend and he was off to the beach with his mum and dad, his puppy and baby Pete. Help me pack the green bag, said Mum. We need sun cream and lots to eat. Tom got into his seat in the back of the car and the puppy got on his knee. Pete held his toy sheep. Off they went. Beep! Beep! At the end of the street there was a big truck. It had lost a wheel. Oh, no, said Tom. We ll be here for a week! Dad went to speak to the driver to see if he could help. They put the wheel back on. Then Dad said, I must hurry, we need to get to the beach. At last they got to the sea. Tom and Pete had an ice cream. Mum and Dad had a cup of tea. The puppy went to sleep under a tree.
33 Phase 6 Phase 6 focuses on spellings and learning rules for spelling alternatives. Children look at syllables, base words, analogy and mnemonics. Children might learn about past tense, rules for adding ing and irregular verbs tion and sion words..\phonics\t-l-234-memory-strategies-for-spelling-display- Posters.pdf
34 Is there anything I can do at home? y e s
35 How can I help at home? When spelling, encourage your child to think about what looks right. Have fun trying out different options wipe clean whiteboards are good for trying out spellings. tray trai rain rayn boil boyl boy boi throat throwt snow snoa
36 At home Practise the phonemes together. Use them to make different words at home and play phonics games Read everyday with your child if possible Practise making words with letters using chalk or magnetic letters Practise spelling keywords and look for them in the environment Useful websites
37 Don t forget Learning to read should be fun for both children and parents.
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