Industrial Revolution and Imperialism. Modern World History Unit 3

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1 Industrial Revolution and Imperialism Modern World History Unit 3

2 Global Impact of Industrialization Global Impact of Industrialization Moved through Europe and to the US (West) More demand for products motivated colonization to gain raw materials IMPERIALISM

3 Global Impact of Industrialization Global Impact of Industrialization (cont.) Global Inequality Industrialized WEST vs. ALL THE REST Great economic and military inequalities Transformation of Society Great economic power of EUROPE More wealth overall Better opportunities for education and democracy

4 Global Impact of Industrialization Global Impact of Industrialization Emergence of new political and economic ideologies Business leaders encouraged gap between rich and poor LAISSEZ-FAIRE: hands-off economy Promotion of CAPITALISM: Economic system in which money is invested in business ventures with the goal of making a profit, economic liberty guarantees economic progress ECONOMIC SYSTEM: policies of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services

5 Imagine for a moment That you are at home engaged in one of your favorite activities; playing a game, listening to music, or reading. So far the day is as any other. Then all of the sudden a group of individuals arrive at your front door demanding that you stop what ever you are doing. These individuals tell you that your way of life is wrong. They inform you however that they have come to your house to correct your way of life. They say it is their responsibility to change your way of living for the better. You find out that this has happened not only to you but your neighbors as well. Over time your way of life does change. These individuals, who you do not even know, have changed your government, religion, and other cultural practices, and remember these individuals told you this was for your own good. What is your reaction?

6 Pop Quiz! Gain points for your team! What is a colony? Example What is nationalism? Example What occurred during the industrial revolution that allowed for imperialism to occur?

7 Industrialization Imperialism Industrialism stirred ambitions in many European nations. They wanted more resources to fuel their industrial production. they competed for new markets for their goods. They looked to Africa and Asia as sources of the raw materials and markets for cloth, plows, guns, and other industrial products.

8 Imperialism Focus Africa India China Japan

9 Forms of Imperialism Forms of Imperialism Characteristics Example Colony Protectorate Sphere of Influence A country of region governed internally by a foreign power A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment of trading privileges Somaliland in East Africa was a French colony Britain established a protectorate over the Niger River delta Liberia was under the sphere of influence of the United States

10 Forms of Imperialism Indirect Control Local government officials were used Limited self-rule Goal: to develop future leaders Government institutions are based on European styles but many have local rules Examples: British colonies such as Nigeria and India U.S. colonies in Pacific Islands Direct Control Foreign officials brought in to rule No self-rule Goal: assimilation Government institutions are based only on European styles Examples: French colonies, such as Vietnam Portuguese colonies such as Angola

11 Imperialism British Imperialism British dominated 19 th century imperialism Jump start due to early industrialization Glorified imperialism in stories, newspapers, poetry Major Rivals: France Germany Belgium

12 The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire

13 Pop Quiz! What are the four types of imperialism? How are they different?

14 Imperialism: Perspective Our whole existence has been controlled by people with an alien attitude to life, people with different customs and beliefs. They have determined the form of government, the types of economic activity, and the schooling which our children have A man who tries to control the life of another does not destroy the other any less because he does it, as he thinks, for the other s benefit. It is the principle which is wrong, the principle of one man governing another without his consent. -Julius Nyerere of Tanzania

15 Imperialism Motives Driving Imperialism Nationalism Viewed an empire as a measure of national greatness Economic Competition European Racism Idea that the white race was superior to others Social Darwinism those that were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and successes and were considered superior to others

16 Imperialism Motives Driving Imperialism Missionary Impulse Desire to Christianize people Believed European rule was the best way to end evil practices (i.e. slave trade)

17 What made imperialism possible? European Innovation Invention of the Maxim Gun Railroads/steamships Cure for malaria Internal Instability Variety of cultures and languages Low level of technology Ethnic tension

18 Pop Quiz! Name two motives for imperialism What does The sun never sets on the British Empire mean?

19 Imperialism Berlin Conference ( ) European conference that met to lay down rules for the division of Africa Agreement Any European country could claim land in Africa by notifying other nations of their claims and showing they could control the area No African ruler attended meetings

20 Imperialism: Partition of Africa

21 Imperialism Outcomes of Imperialism Benefits Reduced local warfare Improved sanitation, transportation & communication Provided better medical care Consequences Lost control Lost customs & traditions Famines due to cash crops Unnatural division of continent

22 Pop Quiz What was the Berlin Conference? What innovations allowed for Europeans to conquer other nations?

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