Motives for Imperialism

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1 Motives for Imperialism Political Nationalism Competition over claiming valuable land Economic Need resources for Industrialization Gold and Diamonds Cheap native labor Market to sell manufactured products Social White Man s Burden Spread Religion Social Darwinism Global Interdependene and Trade 1

2 Capitalism vs. Communism Market Economy vs. Command Economy Impact of Stalin s Command Economy: 5 Year Plan Production

3 Italian and German Unification The position of Prussia in Germany will not be determined by its liberalism but by its power... Prussia must concentrate its strength and hold it for the favourable moment, which has already come and gone several times. Since the treaties of Vienna, our frontiers have been ill designed for a healthy body politic. Not through speeches and majority decisions will the great questions of the day be decided that was the great mistake of 1848 and 1849 but by iron and blood. Otto von Bismarck Names to Recognize: Italy: King Victor Emmanuel II, Cavour, Garibaldi Germany: King William I, Bismarck Latin American Independence from Spain and Portugal San Martin and Bolivar 3

4 Collapse of the Ottoman Empire Which Ethnic Groups got their independence? African Imperialism 1885 Berlin Conference 4

5 Imperialism in Asia Japanese Expansion into Asia Pacific 5

6 M.A.I.N. Militarism Building up and mobilization of military forces Alliances Networks of countries agreeing to support each other in case of war Imperialism European domination and control of Africa, Asia, Latin America Nationalism Loyalty to one s country or nation 6

7 China s Opium Wars vs. Britain:

8 New Weapons of WWI Tanks Trench Mortars Grenades Airplanes Submarines Flamethrowers Machine Guns Poison Gas 8

9 Causes of the Russian Revolution What were the main causes of the Russian Revolution? Think about the Absolute Rule of the Czars Particularly the weak leadership of Czar Nicholas II during and before World War I Think about Russia s failure in World War I Iron Curtain Speech From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an IRON CURTAIN has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere What is the IRON CURTAIN? (What did it divide?) Is Churchill being positive or negative about this IRON CURTAIN? 9

10 Aspects of Totalitarianism Hitler s Steps to Power Causes Effects 10

11 Mao s Use of Peasants The force of the peasantry is like that of the raging winds and driving rain. It is rapidly increasing in violence. No force can stand in its way. The peasantry will tear apart all nets which bind it and hasten along the road to liberation. They will bury beneath them all forces of imperialism, militarism, corrupt officialdom, village bosses and evil gentry. Mao Zedong What is Mao s view of the peasantry? Why do you think Mao 11

12 Surrealism How does this painting reflect the feelings of Europeans following World War I? Salvador Dali, The Visage of War Problems of Post Colonial Africa Underdeveloped or developing countries, especially those not allied with communist or non communist blocs. Today it means generally poor countries that are in the process of industrializing. (Mali, Bangledesh, Cameroon, New Guinea) Problems Corrupt/Inadequate Governments Many had to fight for independence and new freedom governments were not equipped to deal with problems Many gov ts had to focus on military to gain freedom instead of social needs In some instances military governments struggle for power resulting in civil war, genocide, etc. Unequal gender Overpopulation women encouraged to have many children Loss of Production ($) women undereducated so locked out of the workforce Overpopulation Destruction of Cropland Disease Economy Corrupt governments $ does not go to public Extensive borrowing leads to country debt Extreme poverty for children (HIV/AIDS, famine, death of parents, etc) 12

13 Yalta/Potsdam Effects What did the Yalta Conference decide? What did the United States announce at the Potsdam conference? HOW DID BOTH OF THESE CONFERENCES MOLD THE COLD WAR? Think about how the Allies occupied East and West Europe: Think about nuclear weapons: War Guilt Clause (Treaty of Versailles) WAR GUILT: Germany is forced to take the entire blame for the war and all the consequences Military Restrictions: No Air Force/U Boats or Large ships Army Restricted to 100,000 soldiers Economic Punishments: Forced to pay $33 Billion in Reparations to the Allies Territorial losses HOW DOES THIS PLAY INTO HITLER S PLAN? WHY WERE THESE PUNISHMENTS CONSIDERED THE CAUSE OF WORLD WAR II? 13

14 'If we go on with this race, there won't be a winner!' Gandhi and Passive Resistance Why do you think passive resistance works? What would be some examples of passive resistance? 14

15 15

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