Prostate Cancer. More information for men and their families and whanau. Stay well for your family and whanau

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1 Prostate Cancer More information for men and their families and whanau Stay well for your family and whanau

2 Contents What is the prostate? 4 What is prostate cancer? 5 How common is prostate cancer? 5 What are the symptoms of prostate cancer? 6 What is my risk of prostate cancer? 7 How can I reduce my risk of dying from prostate cancer? 9 Checking your risk of prostate cancer 10 Managing prostate cancer 16 Summary 22 What do I need to do next? 23

3 Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in New Zealand men. It affects grandfathers, fathers, husbands, sons and brothers. Your risk of prostate cancer increases if your father or to cure. If prostate cancer is found early, it can usually be cured. 3

4 What is the prostate? peeing more often often getting up at night to pee. Penis Prostate Urethra

5 What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer occurs when the common and may not cause any spread outside the prostate can cause serious symptoms or death How common is prostate cancer? It s the most common cancer in are due to prostate cancer. 5

6 What are the symptoms of prostate cancer? peeing more often often getting up at night to pee. not If you have any of them, it is important to tell your doctor, nurse or health professional straight away. Do you have any of these symptoms? 6

7 What is my risk of prostate cancer? Age cancer is rare in men aged under. The prostate cancer risk for a man in his s in his s in his s in his s 1 in in 50 1 in 14 1 in 9 risk of prostate cancer.

8 Close relatives

9 How can I reduce my risk of dying from prostate cancer? You can reduce your risk of dying from prostate cancer lifestyle. The cause of prostate cancer is not yet known. But men What changes can you make to reduce your risk of prostate cancer? 9

10 Checking your risk of prostate cancer Having a prostate check is your decision. It won t tell you if you have prostate cancer. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test prostate cancer.

11 Digital rectal examination (DRE) This is a quick way for your doctor to check whether there Should I have a blood test to check for prostate cancer? Having a prostate check is your decision. Choosing whether to have a prostate check or not is an important decision to make. way. You need to understand what

12 Things to think about when deciding about a prostate check Do you have any questions about prostate checks?

13 Prostate checklist for men Yes/No I am peeing more often.* stopping.* * I often get up at night to pee.* * * I am concerned or want to know more. * you should get them checked by your doctor or health professional straight away.

14 Tests to confirm prostate cancer you. Prostate biopsy

15 What will a biopsy tell me about my prostate? The Gleason score cancer might grow and spread. This is known as the Other tests to tell if the cancer has spread Do you have any questions about tests for prostate cancer?

16 Managing prostate cancer treatment.

17 Active surveillance Who What prostate cancer. Why Risks

18 Surgery Who What Why Risks or side outside the prostate.

19 Radiation therapy Who What the prostate. weeks. Why Risks or side and pain with passing urine tiredness

20 Hormone treatment Who What Why Risks or side and it causes prostate cancer to grow. use. tiredness and weight gain

21 Palliative (end of life) care Who What Why Risks Do you have any questions about management of prostate cancer?

22 Summary Prostate cancer is the most common cancer found in men. symptoms or death. cancer. 22

23 If you notice anything unusual or if you are concerned, talk to your doctor, nurse or health professional. What do I need to do next? prostate cancer 23

24 More information More information on prostate checks, tests and management is available from: Useful websites include: To order more copies

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